Breeds of Livestock - Cattle Breeds
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Cattle Breeds

Abigar
Abondance
Aceh
Achham
Adamawa
Adaptaur
Africangus
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Agerolese
Ala Tau
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American Beef Friesian
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Australian Braford
Australian Brangus
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Australian Milking Zebu
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Austrian Simmental
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Avetonou
Avilena
Avilena-Black Iberian
Aweil Dinka
Ayrshire
Azaouak
Azebuado
Azerbaijan Zebu
Azores
Baherie
Bakosi
Balancer
Baoule
Barrosa
Barzona
Batangas
Bazadais
Beef Freisian
Beefalo
Beefmaker
Beefmaster
Belgian Blue
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Belgian Red Pied
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Belmont Red
Belted Galloway
Bernese
Berrenda
Betizu
Bianca Val Padana
Blaarkop
Black Angus
Black Baldy
Black Hereford
Black Pied Dairy
Blanca Cacerena
Blanco Orejinegro BON
Blonde d'Aquitaine
Blue Albion
Blue Grey
Bohus Polled
Bonsmara
Boran
Braford
Brahman
Brahmousin
Brangus
Braunvieh
Brava
British Friesian
British White
Brown Swiss
Bue Lingo
Burlina
Busa
Butana and Kenana
Cabannina
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Caldelana
Calvanna
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Campbell Island
Canadian Speckle Park
Canadienne
Canaria
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Caracu
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Carora
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Chateaubriand
Chiangus
Chianina
Chillingham
Chinese black pied
Chinese Central Plains Yellow
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Cinisara
Coloursided White Back
Commercial
Corriente
Costeno con Cuernos
Crioulo Lageano
Dajal
Danish Black-Pied
Danish Jersey
Danish Red
Deep Red
Devon
Dexter
Dhanni
Doayo
Doela
Dolafe
Droughtmaster
Dulong
Dutch Belted
Dutch Friesian
Dwarf Lulu
East Anatolian Red
Eastern Finn
Eastern Red Polled
Enderby Island
English Longhorn
Ennstal Mountain Pied
Estonian Holstein
Estonian Native
Estonian Red
Evolene
Finnish
Finnish Ayrshire
Finnish Holstein-Friesian
Fjall
Fleckvieh
Florida Cracker
French Simmental
Fribourg black and white
Fribourgeoise
Friesian Red and White
Fulani Sudanese
Galician Blond
Galloway
Garfagnina
Garvonesa
Gascon
Gelbray
Gelbvieh
Georgian mountain
German Angus
German Black Pied
German Red Pied
Gir
Glan
Gloucester
Gobra
Goffa
Greek Shorthorn
Greek Steppe
Grey Alpine
Greyman
Gudali
Guernsey
Guraghe
Guzerat
Halikar
Hammer
Harar
Hariana
Harton del Valle
Harz Red mountain
Hays Converter
Heck
Hereford
Herens
Hhybridmaster
Highland
Hinterwald
Holando-Argentino
Holstein
Horro
Hungarian Grey
Hybridmaster
Iberian
Icelandic
Illawarra
Improved Red and White
Indo-Brazilian
Irish / Red Black
Irish Moiled
Israeli Holstein
Israeli Red
Istoben
Jamaica Black
Jamaica Hope
Jamaica Red
Jarmelista
Jem-Jem
Jersey
Jijiga
Jutland
Kalmyk
Kangayam Cow
Kankrej
Karan Swiss
Kazakh Whiteheaded
Kerry
Kholomogory
Kostroma
Krishna Valley
Kurgan
Kuri
Lampurger
Latvian Blue
Latvian Brown
Levantina
Limiana
Limousin
Limpurger
Lincoln Red
Lineback
Lithuanian Black-and-White
Lithuanian Light Grey
Lithuanian Red
Lithuanian White-backed
Lohani
Lourdais
Luing
Madagascar Zebu
Madura
Maine Anjou
Mandalong Special
Mantequera Leonesa
Maramures Brown
Marchigiana
Maremmana
Marinhoa
Maronesa
Masai
Mashona
Menorquina
Mertolenga
Meuse-Rhine-Issel
Milking Devon
Milking Shorthorn
Minhota
Miniature
Mirandesa
Mocanita
Modenese
Modicana
Monchina
Mongolian c
Montbeliard
Morucha
Murboden
Murnau-Werdenfels
Murray Grey
Mursi
N'Dama
Negra Andaluza
Nelore
Nguni
Niata
Normande
Northern Finncattle
Northern Shorthorn
Norwegian Red
Ogaden Zebu
Ongole
Pajuna
Palmera
Pantaneiro
Parda Alpina
Parthenais
Pasiega
Pasturina
Pembroke
Philippine Native
Pie Rouge des Plaines
Piedmontese
Pineywoods
Pinzgauer
Pirenaica
Pisana
Podolica
Polish Black-and-White
Polish Red
Polled Hereford
Polled Shorthorn
Pontremolese
Ponwar
Preta
Punganur
Pustertal Pied
Qinchaun
Queensland Miniature Boran
Ramo Grande
Randall
Rathi
Ratische Grauvieh
Razzetta d'Oropa
Red Angus
Red Brangus
Red Fulani
Red Holstein
Red Poll
Red Polled Ostland
Red Sindhi
Red Steppe
Reggiana
Reina
Rendena
Retinta
Riggit Galloway
Ringamala
Rohjan
Romagnola
Romanian Baltata
Romanian Steppe Gray
Romosinuano
Rossa Siciliana
Russian Black Pied
RX3
Sahiwal
Salers
Salorn
Sanga
Sanhe
Santa Cruz
Santa Gertrudis
Sarda
Sarda Bruno
Sardo-Modicana
Savoiarda
Sayaguesa
Schwyz
Selembu
Senepol
Sheko
Shetland
Shorthorn
Siboney
Sided Tronder
Simbrah
Simford
Simmental
Smada
South Devon
Spanish Fighting Bull
Speckle Park
Square Meater
Sussex
Swedish Friesian
Swedish Red
Swedish Red Poll
Swedish Red-and-White
Symons Type
Tabapua
Tarentaise
Tasmanian Grey
Telemark
Texas Longhorn
Texon
Tharparkar
Tswana
Tudanca
Tuli
Tulim
Turkish Grey Steppe
Tux
Tyrolese Grey
Ushuaia Wild
Vaca Toposa or Vaquilla
Valdostana Pezzata Rossa
Väne
Varzese
Vaynol
Vechoor cow
Vestland Fjord
Vianesa
Vorderwald
Vosges
Wagyu
Wangus
Watusi
Welsh Black
Western Finncattle
Western Fjord
Western Red Polled
White Caceres
White Fulani
White Park
Whitebred Shorthorn
Xingjiang Brown
Yanbian
Zebu

Cattle BreedsAbout Cattle (Cows)

Cows
The first cattle were domesticated at least 10,000 years ago, and they are raised as for meat (beef and veal), dairy animals for milk and other dairy products, and as draft animals (pulling carts, plows and the like). Also they are raised to produce leather and their manure is used for fertilizer. Cattle were the first livestock animal to have a fully mapped genome and there is an estimated 1.3 billion cattle in the world today.

Cattle raised for human consumption are called "beef cattle". Within the beef cattle industry in parts of the United States, the term "beef" (plural "beeves") is still used in its archaic sense to refer to an animal of either sex. Cows of certain breeds that are kept for the milk they give are called "dairy cows" or "milking cows". Most young male offspring of dairy cows are sold for veal, and may be referred to as veal calves.

Cattle have cloven hooves and most breeds have horns, which can range greatly in size. Careful genetic selection has allowed polled (hornless) cattle to become widespread.

Cattle are ruminants, meaning their digestive system is highly specialized to allow the use of poorly digestible plants as food. Cattle have one stomach with four compartments, the rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum, with the rumen being the largest compartment. Cattle are known for regurgitating and re-chewing their food, known as "cud" chewing. The reticulum, the smallest compartment, is known as the "honeycomb". Cattle sometimes consume metal objects which are deposited in the reticulum and irritation from the metal objects causes”hardware disease”. The omasum's main function is to absorb water and nutrients from the digestible feed. The omasum is known as the "many plies". The abomasum is like the human stomach; this is why it is known as the "true stomach". The cud is then reswallowed and further digested by specialized microorganisms in the rumen. These microbes are primarily responsible for decomposing cellulose and other carbohydrates into volatile fatty acids cattle use as their primary metabolic fuel. The microbes inside the rumen also synthesize amino acids. As these microbes reproduce in the rumen, older generations die and their cells continue on through the digestive tract. These cells are then partially digested in the small intestines, allowing cattle to gain a high-quality protein source. These features allow cattle to thrive on grasses and other vegetation.

The gestation period for a cow is about nine months long. A newborn calf's size can vary among breeds, but a typical calf typically weighs 25 to 45 kg (55 to 99 lb). Adult size and weight vary significantly among breeds and sex. The world record for the heaviest bull was 1,740 kg (3,840 lb), a Chianina cow named Donetto, when he was exhibited at the Arezzo show in 1955. The heaviest steer was eight-year-old ‘Old Ben’, a Shorthorn/Hereford cross weighing in at 2,140 kg (4,720 lb) in 1910. Steers are generally killed before reaching 750 kg (1,650 lb). Breeding stock may be allowed a longer lifespan, occasionally living as long as 25 years. The oldest recorded cow, Big Bertha, died at the age of 48 in 1993.

Bulls can't see red.
A common misconception about cattle (particularly bulls) is that they are enraged by the color red. This is incorrect, as cattle are red-green color-blind. The myth arose from the use of red capes in the sport of bullfighting.
The term "dogies" is used to describe orphaned calves in the context of ranch work in the American West, as in "Keep them dogies moving". In some places, a cow kept to provide milk for one family is called a "house cow".

In the April 24, 2009, edition of the journal Science, a team of researchers led by the National Institutes of Health and the US Department of Agriculture reported having mapped the genome. Cattle have about 22,000 genes, and 80% of their genes are shared with humans, and they share about 1000 genes with dogs and rodents, but are not found in humans.

Cattle Colors

Cattle come in the following colors:
  • Black
  • Blue
  • Browns
  • Dun
  • Dun Brown
  • Red
  • White
  • Yellow

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