Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) are domesticated birds that are raised for meat and eggs. There are over 24 billion chickens worldwide. Raising chickens is relatively inexpensive. Because of the low cost, chicken meat (also called "chicken") is one of the most common kinds of meat in the world.
Most breeds of chickens can fly for short distances and some roost in trees. Chickens are omnivores. In the wild, they often scratch at the soil to search for seeds, insects and even animals as large as lizards, small snakes or young mice. Chickens may live for five to ten years, depending on their breed. The world's oldest chicken died of heart failure at the age of 16 according to Guinness World Records.
Learn More About Chickens
Breeds of Chickens
There are the following breeds of Chickens:
We are still working on this list. If you have any pictures or information about one of these breeds that you would like to share please contact us. We would love to get your help.
chickens are an American breed first established as a breed in 1984. Like the
Araucanas, the Ameraucana lays eggs in shades of light blue, however the
Ameraucana does not have the low fertility that its parent breed, the Araucana,
has. The birds themselves have a hefty build are black and shades of grey. The
breed boasts a snazzy beard, ear muffs and a tail.
and Araucanas share many characteristics, however due to different countries
around the world namely the USA and UK, there are some disput
chickens are beautiful birds, best known for their speckled feathers and proud
comb. First bred in the 1850's in the Italian city of Ancona, but later bred
mainly in the United Kingdom and eventually in the United States. Ironically
they are not very popular in Italy and attempts to bring them back to Italy
have been going on since the early 2000’s. They are well known as foragers,
good egg producers, and as show birds.
Ancona’s color is a deep green or beetle green with white speckles at the tip
chickens are blue feathered birds originally from Spain. Their origin is not
entirely known, but the earliest records of it date back to the 1840’s.Their
deep blue feathers make them very easy to spot in a crowd. Andalusians like to
explore and dislike fences and cages, they are able to fly over fences over six
feet tall. They are good foragers, explorers, flyers, egg layers, and are very
robust winter birds.
unique blue feathers are what really distinguish them from other breeds. The feathe
chickens are a South American bird originally from chile. They are best known
for being the progenitor of the Ameraucana and Easter Egger. Araucanas are a
fairly rare bird due to a genetic deformity that causes many to die during
incubation. The Araucana has a beard, ear tufts, and can have a tail or not
tail. They lay a large number of eggs in various shades of light blue.
are grouped into two categories, the United States and the United Kingdom. The
United States group describes the Araucana as having
Asturian Painted Hen
Australorps are the Australian take on the Orpington breed.
They are calm and friendly, and excellent layers of light brown eggs. The
Australorp's exceptionally soft, shiny black plumage has hints of green and
purple in the sunlight. Peaceful and dignified, Australorps are an absolutely
delightful bird which we highly recommend to anyone who wants a pet chicken
that lays dependably.
This breed originated in Australia developed from Black
Orpingtons imported from England; and the emphasis of the breeding program was
|There are no Chicken breeds that start with the letter G.|
The Italian naked
Neck, or Collo
nudo italiana, chicken comes from Veneto (Nord-East of Italy). It probably originally came from Africa.
The Collo Nudo
Italiana hens are excellent layers and the eggs are large and white (160-180
eggs a year, 58-62 g each). The meat is delicate and with thin skin. The
subcutaneous and abdominal fat is nearly absent.
The Collo Nudo
Italiana is very rustic and perfect for outdoor rearing, but poorly adapted to
or padovana, chickens are an ancient breed with uncertain origins. According to
Darwin, it came from Poland. It probably arrived in Italy in XIV century,
brought by Giovanni Dondi dell’Orologio, nobleman from Padua, eminent doctor
and astronomer, fascinated by the beauty of those chickens.
The origin is
anyway confused, mingling with the origin of the Polish and the Dutch, which is
tuffled but not bearded. Many quotations of XVI century talk about a
particularly famous and productive chicken i
The breed Livorno
or “Italian chicken” is known as “Leghorn” all over the world. The origin is
not so clear, probably from Central Italy, obtained from the selection of light
chicken reared in Tuscany countryside. The name comes from the harbor from
which, in 1828, some flocks have been sent to North America. (In the world
there are many stocks of Leghorn: Italian L., Dutch L., English L., Danish L.,
German Italiener, American L., Canadian L.)
In 1874 was added
to the American Standard of Perfection in its white, bla
Mericanel della Brianza
della Brianza Chickens are a Bantam
breed which originally came from Lombardia, Italy. They are the only Bantam
breed officially recognized in Italy. They are good brooding hens and are able
to brood eggs of games or from other breeds.
Content and photo
Millefiori di Lonigo
di Lonigo chickens were shown
for the first time in 1934 at the Sixteenth Padua Trade Fair by the Itinerant
Lonigo Centre for Agricultural Research.
Some Millefiori di Lonigo chickens have been found in a traditional farm in
South-Veneto, Italy, and they have been studied for two years in order to
understand their real nature. Afterwards, the ri-selection of an ancient breed
started: the Millefiori di Lonigo.
The most common
problems were: rose eggs, red-veined earlobes, erect comb in female.
The Millefiori Piemontese is currently extinct, however,
according to local experts, it seems to have still existed in the beginning of
the 1990’s although genetically altered by out-crossing. According to the
available description, it seems to have been quite similar to the Ancona breed
(exchequer), heavily built and with red earlobes but still quite similar to the
typical homosomic Mediterranean chickens.
The possibility of surviving of few relict Millefiori
Piemontese chicken can’t be excluded, so who knows?
The Modenese has
been described as a local breed by some authors. According to some others, the
Modenese should be the result of crossbreeding among Padovana Comune (Improved
Magiarola), White Livorno, and Black Red Livorno.
Because of the
predominant black red variety wheaten, it was called Buff of Modena. The
Modenese chicken appears in some paintings by Gaetano Chierici, an artist from
Emilia-Romagna. A breeding of Modenese has been recently discovered and the
University of Parma is carrying out the productivity t
come from Mugello, Tuscany. They area a pure Bantam breed. They were common until
the 1950’s; however, now tey are extinct. Mugellese chickens were a good
brooding hen. The capons were used to raise the chicks immediately after the
birth. They are a very lively chicken, very active, even if mild.
very common in Veneto and Friuli (North-East Italy). It’s probably the only
Bantam rustic breed, used for production. The Pepoi can be easily reared and
it’s a good solution for the production of portion chicken. The breast has good
pectoral muscles, excellent for the spit; the meat is very tasty.
160-180 (rose shell, 40-45 g).Great broodiness and aptitude to chicks care.
Content and photo
Plymouth Rock chickens were developed in New England in the
middle of the 19th century as a dual-purpose fowl, meaning that they are valued
both for their meat and for the hens' egg-laying ability. The first Plymouth
Rock was barred and other varieties were developed later.
Plymouth Rock chickens were first exhibited as a breed in
1849. Several people claimed its invention, using crosses of Dominiques, Black
Javas, Cochins, and perhaps Malays and Dorkings. John C. Bennett (1804–1867)
has been credited with either creating or p
It’s also called
the Padovana of Chili. The breed was included in Italian Catalogues at the end
of XIX century.
It’s very similar
to Tuffled Padovana, but with a frizzle livery, which confers a very ornamental
appearance. The breed died out early in Italy, but it survived in foreign
countries (most of all in U.S.A.), also in Bantam variety.
In U.S.A. the
“Padovana riccia” is known as Polish Frizzle and the liveries are the same of.
In the two last decades the breed has been re-imported in Italy from U.S
breed which took origin in Polverara, a village in the county of Padua. Since
1400, it’s known as “Padovana di Polverara”, “Schiatta di Polverara” or
“Schiatta”. According to some authors, the breed is the ancestor of Padovana.
On the contrary, some others assert that the Polverara came from the Padovana.
The breed has
nearly disappeared. It’s reared for its tasty meat and for the fair production
of eggs. Nowadays there is a project for the recover of the breed and it’s
included in the list of “tradit
|There are no Chicken breeds that start with the letter Q.|
Rhode Island Red
Rhode Island White
chickens are a dual-purpose chicken that was created in 1965 at the
Experimental Poultry Station in Rovigo, a city in Northern Italy. The Buff
Oprington and the White America contributed to its creation.
Mean production a
year: 160-170 (rosy shell, 55-60 g).
Content and photo
work completed in 1965 at the Experimental Poultry Station in Rovigo, a city in
Northern Italy. The Buff Oprington and the White America contributed to its
creation. This breed has become more and more popular in last years, most of
all because of its graceful look.
Maculata has a good rusticity, excellent for biological breeding and typical
Double-purpose breed (meat and eggs). Medium precocity.
The layers have
quite good precocity. The eggs have a shell from
The breed was common
in Romagna and part of Emilia (Ravenna, Forli and Bologna). Fine boned. The
comb is single, of medium size, erect in the cock and folded in the hen, red,
smooth. The wattles are well developed. The earlobes are oval shaped, small,
cream-colored, sometimes with blue shades, especially in young animals. The
shanks can be pure yellow, yellow but spotted with dark, greenish or totally
dark, which is the favorite color. The liveries can be various, as shown by
historical pictures, but probably the most common types
|There are no Chicken breeds that start with the letter U.|
are the heterozygous result of the
crossbreeding of many different breeds, among which is conspicuous the Livorno.
This hybrid was born in 1950’s, appreciate by Prof. Quilici, it never obtained
an official standard so that it was never really selected. Since 1999 there are
an association (“Agricultori Custodi”) where some farms organised a Protection
The Valdarnese is
excellent when reared free in the countryside: not adapted to intensive
production. It’s slaughtered at 5 months. The eggs
The standard was done
by Cav. Maggi, big breeder of the Valdarno, in 1905. The same year it was made
official by the Italian Poultry Society, presided by Marchese Trevisan, during
the National Congress in Mantova. Anyway the polemic went on among judges,
breeders and experts even after 1905. The publishing house Battiato, in 1914,
published the book “Poultry scattered pages”, in honor of Teodoro Pascal. A
chapter of the book is titled “Minestrone alla Valdarno”, where articles and
letters about the discussion are collected. While
|There are no Chicken breeds that start with the letter X.|
|There are no Chicken breeds that start with the letter Y.|
|There are no Chicken breeds that start with the letter Z.|