About Hexi Cashmere Goats
The Hexi Cashmere is used primarily in the production of
cashmere fiber. Found mainly in China, the largest producer of cashmere down. Hexi Cashmere goats are usually
white but sometimes they are black, brown, or pied.
"cashmere" comes from Kashmir, the wild and mountainous area of India
and Pakistan; however, the fiber came from Tibet and was woven in Kashmir. We
know that in 15th Century India, more than 50,000 people were employed in the
processing of cashmere.
In the 19th Century, a
Scottish manufacturer, Joseph Dawson, developed the first mechanical method of
separating the fine down fibers in the goat's fleece from the coarser outer
hairs. This breakthrough shifted the cashmere manufacturing to Scotland and the
modern era of fine cashmere knitwear began. Recently this business has shifted
back to China, the origin of the fiber. Importing the latest technology and
quality control from Japan, China has become the major source of high quality
The best cashmere
garments are, to a great extent, made by hand. This starts with the combing of
the goats. Each goat is combed by hand in the spring when they are shedding the
fine underdown that protected them during the winter. These fleeces are then
washed and dehaired, dyed and spun mechanically. The hand work returns in the
Each knitting frame is
operated by hand. The knitter pays careful attention to the specifications of
the garment being knitted. Critical factors like yarn tension and garment shape
are monitored continuously.
The finished garments
are then individually inspected to insure perfection. All this hand work is what
separates a Chinese-made garment from garments from other sources where the labor
is too expensive to allow for this kind of individual attention.
The finest cashmere
comes from the high desert plateaus surrounding the Gobi desert. The yarn is so
fine that it takes 4 miles of it to make 1 sweater.