Ferghana Horses
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Ferghana horses were one of China's earliest major imports,rnoriginating in an area in Central Asia.

rnrnDayuan, north of Bactria, was a nation centered in thernFerghana Valley of present day Central Asia, and even as early as the HanrnDynasty, China projected its military power to that area. The Han imperialrnregime required Ferghana horses and imported such great numbers of them thatrnthe rulers of Ferghana closed their borders to such trade. That move resultedrnin a war that China won. In 102 CE, the Chinese required of the defeatedrnFerghana that they provide at least ten of their finest horses for breedingrnpurposes, and three thousand Ferghana horses of ordinary quality. However,rnthere are other views: the Records of the Grand Historian and Book of Hanrnprovide no description of Ferghana horses, and as it seemed from thesernchronicles they were not employed in any known Han expeditions and campaigns.rnrn rnrn 

rnrnChinese statuary and paintings indicate that these horsesrnhad legs that were proportionally short, powerful crests, and round barrels.rnThe forelegs of the Chinese depictions are very straight, resembling the Guoxiarnhorse of present day China. According to tradition, these horses sweat blood,rnhence the Chinese name: (hàn xie ma, "sweats blood horse"). Modernrnauthorities believe that blood-sucking parasites caused sweat to get mixed withrnblood when the horses were worked.

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