Abaco Barb Horses
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About Abaco Barb HorsesAbout Abaco Barb Horses



ThernAbaco Barb is currently on the critically endangeredrnlist. The breed was found on the Great Abaco Island in the Bahamas. The Abaco Barb is said to have been descended fromrnhorses from more than a dozen shipwrecks during the Spanish colonization of thernAmericas and the Caribbean during the 15th and 16th centuries. 

rnrnSomernhorse breed historians also believe that the Barb horse breed originated inrnnorthern Africa during the 8th century and Abaco Barbs are oftenrncommonly confused with Arabian breeds. Due to their extreme isolation on thernGreat Abaco Island, their bloodlines remained relatively pure, making them anrnimportant genetic link as the first Iberian horses to reach thernNew World. These horses brought genetics that were present during the GoldenrnAge of Spain at the time the New World was being settled.This is an importantrnmarker in American history.

rnrnThernAbaco Barb were found in colors that are different from those of thernEuropean/African Barb, including pinto(including the relatively uncommon splashed white),roan,chestnut, black and other colors. Theyrnranged between 1.32 to 1.47 m (13.0 to 14.2 h).

rnrnOncernnumbering over 200 in population, the wild Abaco Barbs resided freely on thernisland, but their demise occurred mostly duernto humanrnintervention. Several reasons were: human attempts to contain them inrncaptivity, the paving of new roads through the horse’s territories (whichrncaused conflicts between horse and man in which many horses were killed), andrnlarge numbers of wild feral dog attacks that resulted in the death of manyrnfoals.

rnrnMany attempts were made to intervene in the Abaco Barb's demise and threernsurviving horses were brought to a farm near Treasure Cay in 1992. The herdrnincreased to 35 at that time, however, over half the horses died during theirrntime there. No foals of the Abaco Barb were born since 1998.rnScientists speculate that inbreeding in captivity may have had a significantrnimpact on the breed's extinction. By early 2010, the herd had diminishedrnto six. By August 2013, only one horse remained: one mare living inside thernpreserve. In February 2014, it was announced that eggs would be harvested fromrnthat last mare, but unfortunately the mare died in a fence accident. It isrnthought that perhaps a handful of the Abaco Barbed horses may still exist in the wild, somewhere still on the Island, as some stallions escaped during the initial attempts to contain andrnpreserve the herd. Only time will tell if the Abaco remains. 

Abaco Barb Horses Associations


International Horse Registry International Horse Registry - www.internationalhorseregistry.com


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