About Appaloosa Horses
Appaloosa horses are known for their colorfulleopard-spotted coatpattern.
There is a wide range of body types within the breed, stemming from the
influence of multiple breeds of horses throughout its history. Each horse's
color pattern is genetically the result of various spotting patterns overlaid
on top of one of several recognized base coat colors.
|Photo by Mayhem Farm|
of Pacific Northwestdeveloped the Appaloosa breed.
Appaloosas were once referred to bysettlersas
the "Palouse horse", possibly after thePalouse
River, which ran through the heart of Nez Perce country. Gradually, the name
evolved into "Appaloosa".
The Nez Perce lost most of their horses after theNez
Perce Warin 1877, and the breed fell into
decline for several decades. A small number of dedicated breeders preserved the
Appaloosa as a distinct breed until the Appaloosa Horse Club(ApHC)
was formed as thebreed registryin
1938. The modern breed maintains bloodlines tracing to thefoundation
bloodstockof the registry; its partiallyopen
stud bookallows the addition of some thoroughbred,American
Although Appaloosas are most commonly recognized by their
colorful coat patterns, they also have other distinctive characteristics.
The four identifiable characteristics are: coat pattern, mottled skin,
white sclera, and striped hooves.