Bavarian Warmblood Horses
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About Bavarian Warmblood HorsesAbout Bavarian Warmblood Horses



Bavarian Warmblood (also known as BayerischesrnWarmblut) horses are from southern Germany. They were developed from anrnolder Bavarian heavy warmblood breed called the Rottaler. Since mechanizationrnin the mid-20th century, the Bavarian Regional Horse Breeders' Society hasrnconcentrated on producing a riding horse for the Olympic disciplines andrnrecreational riding based on other European warmblood bloodlines.rnrn 
  
rnrnThe easiest way to recognize a Bavarian Warmblood is by thernbrand on the left thigh, which is a crowned shield outside the letterrn"B". All colors are permitted, though dark, solid colors arernpreferred. The ideal height is between 158 and 170 cm tall at the withersrn(15.2-16.2 hands).rnrn 

rnrnBavarian Warmbloods are similar to other German warmbloodsrnin type, conformation, movement, jumping ability and interior qualities. Desirablerntype includes an elegant, attractive horse with dry limbs and head and clearrnsex expression. Conformation reflects the stamp of a correct sport horse.rnCorrect movement includes three rhythmic gaits characterized by energy, a longrnstride, natural self-carriage and elasticity, with some knee action. Selectionrnprocesses aim for enthusiastic, capable jumpers with "bascule" (arcrnover the fence), "scope" (ability to respond to changes in thernenvironment), and "tact" (carefully pulling the legs out of the way).rnHorses that are difficult, nervous, or aggressive are identified and typicallyrnare not allowed to breed.rnrn 

rnrnBreeding stallions and mares are chosen by thorough studbookrnselection, which eliminates horses that do not fit the breeding goal from thernbreeding studbooks. The Bavarian Warmblood is by no means set in type andrnrecognizable the way that breeds from closed studbooks are; instead, they arernrecognizable by their athletic ability and temperament.rnrn 

rnrn rnrnCurrently, the stallion roster is comprised of 45% BavarianrnWarmblood stallions. Holsteiner stallions make up a further 42%. Other Germanrnwarmbloods - Hanoverians, Oldenburgs, Westphalians, Wuerttembergers,rnRhinelanders, Thuringians, and German Warmbloods, (Zuchtverband fur deutschernPferde or ZfDP) - make up 24%.rnrn 

rnrnThere are a handful of Dutch Warmblood, Trakehner, andrnThoroughbred stallions as well, though the Bavarian studbook is rather unusualrnfor including a Russian Warmblood and two Budyonny stallions.rnrn 

rnrnOf the Bavarian-bred stallions, a few had Bavarian sires,rnthough most were sired by a Hanoverian, Westphalian, Oldenburg, or Holsteiner.rnSeveral Selle Francais sires also have sons in the Bavarian studbook, and onernBavarian-bred stallion each is by a Trakehner, Thoroughbred, and Anglo-Arabian.rnrn rnrn 

rnrnThe predecessor of the Bavarian Warmblood is the Rottaler,rnan all-purpose horse very similar to other heavy warmbloods. The best Rottalersrnwere calm, substantial horses suitable for plowing, carriage driving, andrnnon-competitive riding. In 1907 a registry for Rottalers was founded. Thernriding horse direction began in 1963 and the Rottaler was renamedrn"Bavarian Warmblood."rnrn 

rnrnStallions with the old type were replaced by Hanoverians,rnWestphalians, Holsteiners, Trakehners, and Thoroughbreds. The Rottaler bloodrnwas soon diluted and today comprises the mother line of some approvedrnstallions. To save the old type from extinction, a preservation society wasrnformed in 1994.rnrn 

rnrnToday, Bavarian Warmblood pedigrees are made up of bloodrnfrom other German warmbloods, particularly Holsteiners, Hanoverians,rnWestphalians, Oldenburgs, W├â┬╝rttembergers, Rhinelanders, and Saxony-ThuringianrnWarmbloods, plus a number of approved Dutch Warmbloods, Thoroughbreds,rnTrakehners, and even Budyonny stallions.rnrn 

rnrnIn recent years, the Bavarian Regional Horse Breeders'rnSociety has begun co-hosting a stallion licensing event with the Horse BreedingrnSocieties of Baden-Wuerttemberg, Rheinland-Pfalz Saar, and Saxony-Thueringen.rnThe South-German Stallion Licensing is held in Munich. They also hold eliternfoal auctions and free jumping competitions for young horses. Together, allrnfour registries have nearly 500 stallions and over 11,000 mares. There arernabout 150 Bavarian Warmblood stallions and almost 4,000 broodmares.rnrn rnrn 

rnrnThe Bavarian Warmblood is seen in international sport horserncompetition, including eventing, show jumping and dressage. In the 2006 finalrnstandings in international sport, the Bavarian Warmblood was ranked 13th inrnshow jumping, 15th in dressage, and 12th in eventing.rnrn 

rnrnBavarian Warmbloods are also popular choices in the sport ofrncombined driving and have been part of several World Cup teams. In the UnitedrnStates, there are several prominent show hunters with the Bavarian brand.rnrn 

rnrnThorough health-screening of breeding stallions before theyrnstand stud has resulted in a population largely free of congenital diseases.rnThe size and growth rate of warmbloods in general has made Osteochondrosisrn(OCD) the primary health concern.

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