About Chilean (Chilean Corralero) Horses
Chilean Corralero horses are related to Spanish horses that
brought to Peru by the Spanish conqueror Pedro de Valdivia in 1541. In 1557
Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza, the new governor, arrived in Chile with 42 horses of
the famous caste of the Guzmanes and Valenzuelas, marking the beginning of the
Chilean horse breed. A pure Chilean breed appeared by the beginning of the 19th
century, and the Chilean Corralero appeared by the end of the 19th century.
They are the oldest registered Native American breed, the
oldest registered breed of Iberian origin, the oldest registered horse breed in
South America and the oldest registered stock horse breed in the Western
First they were used by the Spanish conquerors for war and
for agriculture. When Chile got its independence, horses were an indispensable
partner and used daily; in war for the Army, in the plantations for the
countryman and for transportation for everybody. Chilean horses also have major
ties in use for working cattle and are now used heavily in Chilean rodeo, which
had its origins in the countryside as a game of chasing cattle. It is in this
modern event that the Chilean Corralero shows all of its abilities.
They are found in Bay, black, chestnut, gray, palomino,
buckskin, and smoky gray.