Iomud Horses
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Iomuds are light horses from Turkmenistan. They are raised in Turkmenistan, particularly in the velayat of Dasoguz; in Uzbekistan; in Karakalpakstan (now part of Uzbekistan); and in Iraq, Iran and Turkey.

Like other breeds of Turkmen horses - including Akhal-Teke, Ersari, Goklan, Salor and Sarik - Iomuds are named for the Turkmen tribe that formed it, the Iomud. Both the name of the horse and the name of the Turkmen clan may be spelt in many ways, including Iomud, Yomud, Yamud and Yomut. The Iomud people occupy the northern part of modern Turkmenistan, from the eastern shores of the Caspian Sea in the west to the area of Dasoguz, on the northern edge of the Karakum Desert, in the north-east. They are principally concentrated in the velayats of Balkan and Dasoguz.  

The early history of the Iomud breed, like that of Turkmen horses in general, is not clear. The qualities of Turkmen horses, and the differences between the various breeds, were recognised by western travellers in the area in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Clement Augustus de Bode wrote in 1848 that the Tekke horses had the best endurance, and were preferred to pure-bred Arabs, while the Iomud and the Goklan were faster and more lightly built.  

In the twentieth century, the numbers of the Iomud breed have declined. In 1980, in the Soviet era, the total number was recorded as 964, of which 616 were considered pure-bred. In 1983 stud farms were set up with the aim of increasing the number of breeding mares from 140 to about 250. A conservation farm was also established in the Gyzyletrek district, in south-west Turkmenistan.

Iomud horses have remarkable endurance. According to local information collected in 1937, they could cover the 800 km from Dasoguz to Etrek in seven days. They can carry 120 kg without difficulty in mountain or desert terrain.

Iomud horses are usually grey or chestnut; golden chestnut and black can occur. Stallions stand about 152 cm (15 hands), mares a little less. Thoracic circumference (girth) is about 168 cm, cannon bone measurement about 19 cm. The profile is straight or slightly convex, the legs fine and often bowed; the mane and tail are sparse, and the skin is delicate.

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