Home | Press Info | Join Email List | Advertise | About Us | Contact Us | Sign InLivestock Of the World
Livestock
Breeds Of
Livestock Home
Alpacas
Alpacas
Bison
Bison
Cattle
Cattle
Chickens
Chickens
Dogs
Dogs
Donkeys
Donkey
Emus
Emus
Goats
Goats
Horses
Horses
Llamas
Llamas
Pigs
Pigs
Rabbits
Rabbits
Emus
Sheep
Turkeys
Turkeys
Yaks
Yaks
Yaks For Sale
Horse
Horses
   About Horses
Horses for Sale At:
   Livestock Of America
   Livestock Of Canada

Horse Breeds

Abaco Barb
Abstang
Abtenauer
Abyssinian
Adaev
Aegidienberger
Ainos Pony
Akhal-Teke
Albanian
Altai
Alter Real
Altmärkisches Coldblood
Altwurttemberg
American Albino
American Cream Draft
American Drum Horse
American Indian
American Miniature
American Mustang
American Paint
American Quarter
American Saddlebred
American Shetland
American Sport Pony
American Spotted Paso
American Standardbred
American Thoroughbred
American Walking Pony
American Warmblood
Amur
Anadolu Pony
Andalusian
Andean
Andino Pony
Andravida
Anglo-Arabian
Anglo-Arabo-Sardo
Anglo-Kabarda
Anglo-Karachai
Appaloosa
Appaloosa Sport Horse
Appendix Quarter Horse
AraAppaloosa
Arabian
Arabian-Haflinger
Arabo-Friesian
Araboulonnais
Aralusian
Ardahan
Ardennes
Arenberg-Nordkirchen
Argentine Anglo
Argentine Criollo
Argentine Polo Pony
Argentinean Modepony
Argentinian Ranch Horse
Ariègeois Pony
Arravani
Asiatic Wild Horse
Asil
Assateague Pony
Astrakhan
Asturcon
Augeron
Australian Brumby
Australian Draught
Australian Pony
Australian Stock
Austrian Warmblood
Autre Que Pur Sang
Auvergne
Auxois
Avelignese
Azerbaijan
Azores
Azteca
Baguales
Baguio Light Horse
Baguio Pony
Bahr-El-Ghazal
Baikal
Baise
Baixadeiro
Bajau Pony
Bakhtiari
Baladi
Balearic
Bali Pony
Balikun
Baluchi
Ban'ei
Banamba
Banat
Bandiagara
Banker
Bara Pony
Barb
Bardigiano
Barthais Pony
Bashkir Curly
Basque Mountain
Basuto Pony
Batak Pony
Bavarian Warmblood
Beledougou
Belgian
Belgian Ardennais
Belgian Draft
Belgian Sport Horse
Belgian Warmblood
Bergmann Pony
Bhorum Pony
Bhutia Pony
Bidet
Bigourdan Horse
Bitcuk
Black Forest
Black Sea Horse
Blazer
Boerperd
Bolivian Pony
Borneo Pony
Bose Pony
Bosnian Pony
Boulonnais
Brabant
Brandenburger
Brazilian Pony
Brazilian Sport
Breton
British Appaloosa
British Riding Pony
British Shetland
British Spotted Pony
British Thoroughbred
British Warmblood
Brumby
Buckskin
Bucovina
Budyonny
Bulgarian Native
Buohai
Burguete
Burmese Pony
Buryat
Busak Posavec
Byelorussian Harness
Calabrese
Calvinia
Camargue
Camarillo White
Campeiro
Campolina
Canadian
Canadian Cutting Horse
Canadian Pacer
Canadian Rustic Pony
Canadian Sport Horse
Canadian Warmblood
Canik
Cape
Cape Harness
Carolina Marsh Tacky
Carpathian Pony
Carthusian
Caspian
Castilian
Castillonnais
Catria
Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale
Cayuse Pony
Celtic Pony
Cerbat Mustang
Certisino
Chahou Post Pony
Chaidamu Pony
Chakouyi
Chalosse Pony
Champagne
Chamurthi
Charentais
Charollais
Charysh
Cheju Pony
Cheval de Corlay
Cheval Demi sang du Centre
Cheval d’Auvergne
Chickasaw
Chicksaw Pony
Chilean (Chilean Corralero)
Chilkow
Chilote Pony
Chincoteague Pony
Choctaw
Chumbivilcas
Chumysh
Chyanta Pony
Cimarron
Cleveland Bay
Clydesdale
Coffin Bay Pony
Coldblood trotter
Colonial Spanish
Colorado Ranger
Comtois
Conestoga
Connemara Pony
Corajoso
Corolla Island Pony
Corsican
Cossak
Costa Rican Saddle
Country Saddle
Cretan
Criollo
Crioulo
Crioulo Brasileiro
Croatian Hladnokrvnjak
Croatian Posavac
Cuban Criollo
Cuban Paso
Cuban Pinto
Cukurova
Cumberland Island
Curly
Curly Haired Fox Trotter
Cutchi
Czech Coldblood
Czech warm blood
Czechoslovakian Small Riding Horse
Dagestan Pony
Dahoman
Dales Pony
Daliboz
Danish Sport Pony
Danish Warmblood
Danube Delta
Danubian
Darashouri
Darfur Pony
Dartmoor Pony
Datong
Debao Pony
Deli Pony
Delibozskaya
Deliorman
Desert Norman Horse
Deutsches Reitpony
Djamonský Pony
Djerma
Dolahest
Dole Gudbrandsdal
Dolny-Iskar
Don
Dongola
Dosanko
Draft Trotter
Drum
Dülmen Pony
Dutch harness
Dutch Heavy Draft
Dutch Warmblood
Dzhabe
East Bulgarian
East Friesian
East Prussian
Edelbluthaflinger
Ege Midillisi
Egyptian Arabian
Einsiedler
Eleia
English Thoroughbred
Equus Kinsky
Equus Przewalskii
Eriskay Pony
Erlanbach
Erlunchun
Esperia Pony
Estonian
Estonian Draft
Exmoor Pony
Faca Galizana
Falabella
Faroe Pony
Faroese
Fell Pony
Ferghana
Finnhorse
Finnish Warmblood
Fjord
Flemish
Fleuve
Flores Pony
Florida Cracker
Foundation Quarter Horse
Fouta
Frederiksborg
Freiberger
French Anglo Arab
French Ardennais
French Cob
French Saddle Pony
French Saddlebred
French Sport
French Trotter
Friesian
Friesian cross
Friesian Sporthorse
Furioso-North Star
Gala
Galiceno
Galician Pony
Galloway Pony
Galshar
Garrano do Minho
Gayoe Pony
Gelderland
Georgian Grande
German Coach
German Cold-Blooded
German Riding Pony
German Warmblood
Gharbaui
Gharkawi
Ghazi
Giara
Gidran
Glasinacki
Goklan
Golden American Saddlebred
Golden Horse of Bohemia
Gotland Pony
Great Poland Horse
Greek Pony
Greyson Highlands Ponies
Groningen
Guangxi
Guanzhong
Guba
Guizhou Pony
Guoxia Pony
Gutsul
Gypsy Vanner
Hackney
Hackney Pony
Haflinger
Hagerman
Half-Saddlebred
Handachine
Hanoverian
Hantam
Harddraver
Harna
Heavy Draft
Hebridean Pony
Heck
Heihe
Heilongkiang
Henson
Hequ
Hessen
Highland pony
Hinis
Hirzai
Hirzai
Hispano-Arabe
Hispano-Breton
Hmong
Hokkaido Pony
Holsteiner
Holsteiner Coldblood
Horse of the Americas
Hrvatski Hladnokrvnjak
Hrvatski Posavac
Hucul
Hungarian
Hungarian Draft
Hungarian Dun
Hungarian Warmblood
Ibérian Warmblood
Icelandic
Ilia
Indian Country Bred Horse
Indian Half-Bred
Indian Pony
International Striped Horse
Iomud
Irish Cob
Irish Draught
Irish Sport
Irish Warmblood
Italian Heavy Draft
Italian Saddle
Italian TPR Agricultural
Italian Trotter
Jabe
Jaca Gallega
Jaca Navarra
Java Pony
Jeju Pony
Jianchang Pony
Jielin
Jinhong
Jinzhou
Jura
Jutland
Kabarda
Kagoshima
Kaimanawa
Kaju Pony
Kaldblodstraver
Kalmyk
Kandachi
Kandachime
Karabair
Karabakh
Karacabey
Karachai
Karakacan
Karossier
Kathiawari
Kazakh
Ke-Er-Qin
Kentucky Mountain Saddle
Kerry Bog Pony
Khani
Kiger Mustang
Kinsky
Kirdi Pony
Kirgizskaya
Kisber Felver
Kiso
Kladruber
Kleines Deutsches Reitpferd
Klepper
Knabstrupper
Konik
Kordofani
Kuda-Gayo
Kumingan
Kundudo
Kushum
Kustanair
Kuznetsk
KWPN
Kyrgyz
Labem
Lakka
Landais Pony
Latgale Trotter
Latvian
Lehmkuhlener Pony
Leutstetten
Lewitzer Pony
Lichuan
Lijiang Pony
Limousin
Lipizzan
Lippit Morgan
Lithuanian Heavy Draught
Lithuanian Landrace
Little Poland
Ljutomer Trotter
Llanero
Lokai
Lombok
Losino
Lundy Pony
Lusitano
Lyngshest
M'Bayar
Macassar
Magyar Hidegveru
Malakan
Mallorquín
Malopolski
Mangalarga
Mangalarga Marchador
Mangalarga Paulista
Marajoara
Maremmano
Marismeno
Marquesas Islands Horse
Marsh Tacky
Marwari
Masuren
Mecklenburger
Megezh
Megrel
Menorquín
Mérens
Messara
Metis Trotter
Mezen
Mezohegyesi sport-horse (sportlo)
Mimoseano
Minho
Miniature
Minusin
Misaki
Missouri Fox Trotter
Miyako
Miyazaki
Mogod Pony
Monchina
Mongolian
Montana Travler
Monterufolino
Morab
Morgan
Morna
Moroccan Barb
Morochuco
Mountain Pleasure
Mousseye Pony
Moyle
Mulassier
Murakoz
Murgese
Musey Pony
Mustang
Mytilene Horse
Namaqua Pony
Nambu
Namib Desert
Nanfan
Nangchen
Napoletano
Narragansett Pacer
Narym
National Show
Navarra
Neapolitan
Nederlands Appaloosa Pony
Nederlands Mini Paarden
Nederlands Trekpaard
Nefza
New Forest Pony
New Kirgiz
Newfoundland Pony
Nez Perce
Nigerian
Nivernais
Nogai
Nokota
Noma
Nonius
Nooitgedacht Pony
Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest
Norfolk Trotter
Noriker
Norman Cob
Norman Trotter
Norsk Kaldblodstraver (Norwegian coldblood trotter)
North African Barb
North Swedish
Northeastern
Northern Ardennais
Norwegian Fjord
Norwegian Riding Pony
Norwegian Trotter
Novokirghiz
Ob Pony
Oberlander
Ocracoke
Old Austrian Warmblood
Old English Black Horse
Oldenburg
Orlov trotter
Orlov-Rostopchin
Oromo
Ostfriesen
Ostlandhester
Outer Banks Ponies
Padang Pony
Paint
Palomino
Pampa
Panela
Panje
Pantaneiro
Paso Fino
Patibarcina
Pechora
Pentro
Percheron
Periangan Pony
Perkehner
Persano
Peruvian Paso
Petiso Pony
Pindos Pony
Pinkafo
Pintabian
Pinzgauer
Pleven
Poitevin (Mulassier)
Polesian
Polish Coldblood
Polish Halfbred
Polish konik
Polish Pony
Poney Gallego
Poney Mousseye
Poneys Landais
Pony of the Americas
Posavina
Pottok
Poznan
Prairie
Prairie Pony
Priob
Pryor Mountain Mustang
Przewalski's
Purosangue Orientale
Qatgani
Quagga
Quarab
Quarter
Quarter Pony
Racking
Rahvan
Rangerbred
Retuerta
Rhenish-German Cold-Blood ( Rhineland)
Rhinelander
Riwoche
Roadster
Rocky Mountain
Romanian Saddle
Romanian Sporthorse
Romanian Trotter
Rottaler
Russ
Russian Don
Russian Heavy Draft
Russian Riding
Russian Trotter
Sable Island Pony
Sachsen Warmblood
Saddlebred
Sadecki
Salerno
Samolaco
San Fratello
Sandalwood Pony
Sandan
Sanhe
Sarcidano
Sardinian Anglo-Arab
Saxon-Turinga Coldblood
Saxony Warmblood
Schleswig
Schwarzwälder Fuchs
Scottish Galloway
Sella Italiano
Selle Français Pony
Seminole Pony
Senne
Sertanejo
Shackleford Banks
Shagya Arabian
Shan Pony
Sheehan
Shetland Ponies
Shire
Siciliano indigeno
Silesian
Single-Footing
Sini
Skogsruss
Skyros Pony
Slovak
Slovak Sport Pony
Sokolsky
Somali Pony
Somme Bay
Sorraia
South African Miniature
South African Vlaamperd
South African Warmblood
South German Coldblood
Soviet Heavy Draft
Spanish Barb
Spanish Colonial
Spanish Jennet, modern
Spanish Mustang
Spanish Tarpan
Spanish-Norman
Spiti Pony
Spotted Saddle
Standardbred
Strelets
Sudan Country-Bred
Süddeutsches Kaltblut
Suffolk Punch
Sugarbush Draft
Sulawesi
Sumba Pony
Sumbawa Pony
Sunicho
Svensk Kallblodstravare (Swedish coldblood trotter)
Swedish Ardennes
Swedish Warmblood
Swiss Warmblood
Taishuh
Takhi
Tarbes
Tarpan
Tavda
Tawleed
Tchernomor
Tennessee Walking
Tennuvian
Tersk
Thai Pony
Thessalian
Thoroughbred
Thüringen Warmblood
Tibetan Pony
Tiger
Timor Ponies
Tinker
Tokara
Tolfetano
Tori
Trait Du Nord
Trakehner
Trakya
Tres Sangres
Trote en Gallope
Trottatore Italiano
Trotteur Francais
Tuigpaard
Turk
Turkoman
Tushin
Tuva
Tyrol Pesante Rapido
Ukrainian Riding
Unmol
Upper Yenisei
Uzunyayla
Venezuelan Criollo
Ventasso
Ventasso (Cavallo Del Ventasso)
Vietnamese Hmong
Virginia highlander
Vlaamperd
Vladimir Heavy Draft
Voronezh Coach
Vyatka
Waler
Waler
Walkaloosa
Warlander
Washu
Welara Pony
Welsh Mountain Ponies
Welsh Pony and Cob
Weser-Ems Pony
West African Barb
West Norwegian
Western Sudan Pony
Westfalen Pony
Westphalian
Wielkopolski
Wild Horses of the Namib
Württemberger
Xilingol
Yabou
Yakut
Yakutian
Yamud
Yanqi
Yemeni
Yili
Yonaguni
Yorkshire Coach
Yugoslav Mountain Pony
Yunnan
Yururi Island horse
Zangersheide
Zaniskari Pony
Zeeland
Zemaitukas
Zweibrücker

About HorsesAbout Horses

HorsesPhoto by Mayhem Farm LCC
The modern horse has evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed animal into the large, single-toed animal of today. Humans began to domesticate horses around 4000 BC, and their domestication is believed to have been widespread by 3000 BC. Worldwide many products are many from horses, including meat, milk, hide, hair, bone, and pharmaceuticals extracted from the urine of pregnant mares; however, in the US they are predominately used for sport and recreation.

Horse breeds are loosely divided into three categories based on general temperament: spirited "hot bloods" with speed and endurance; "cold bloods", such as draft horses and some ponies, suitable for slow, heavy work; and "warmbloods", developed from crosses between hot bloods and cold bloods, often focusing on creating breeds for specific riding purposes, particularly in Europe. There are more than 300 breeds of horse in the world today, developed for many different uses.

Depending on breed, management and environment, the modern domestic horse has a life expectancy of 25 to 30 years. Uncommonly, a few animals live into their 40s and, occasionally, beyond. The oldest verifiable record was "Old Billy", a 19th-century horse that lived to the age of 62. In modern times, Sugar Puff, who had been listed in Guinness World Records as the world's oldest living pony, died in 2007 at age 56.

Regardless of a horse or pony's actual birth date, for most competition purposes a year is added to its age each January1 of each year in the Northern Hemisphere and each August 1 in the Southern Hemisphere. The exception is in endurance riding, where the minimum age to compete is based on the animal's actual calendar age.

The following terminology is used to describe horses of various ages:
  • Colt: a male horse under the age of four. A common terminology error is to call any young horse a "colt", when the term actually only refers to young male horses.
  • Filly: a female horse under the age of four.
  • Foal: a horse of either sex less than one year old. A nursing foal is sometimes called a suckling and a foal that has been weaned is called a weanling. Most domesticated foals are weaned at five to seven months of age, although foals can be weaned at four months with no adverse physical effects.
  • Gelding: a castrated male horse of any age.
  • Mare: a female horse four years old and older.
  • Stallion: a non-castrated male horse four years old and older. The term "horse" is sometimes used colloquially to refer specifically to a stallion.
  • Yearling: a horse of either sex that is between one and two years old.
In horse racing, these definitions may differ: For example, in the British Isles, Thoroughbred horse racing defines colts and fillies as less than five years old. However, Australian Thoroughbred racing defines colts and fillies as less than four years old.

The English-speaking world measures the height of horses in hands and inches: one hand is equal to 4 inches (101.6 mm). The height is expressed as the number of full hands, followed by a point, then the number of additional inches, and ending with the abbreviation "h" or "hh" (for "hands high"). Thus, a horse described as "15.2 h" is 15 hands plus 2 inches, for a total of 62 inches (157.5 cm) in height.

Light riding horses usually range in height from 14 to 16 hands (56 to 64 inches, 142 to 163 cm) and can weigh from 380 to 550 kilograms (840 to 1,210 lb.). Larger riding horses usually start at about 15.2 hands (62 inches, 157 cm) and often are as tall as 17 hands (68 inches, 173 cm), weighing from 500 to 600 kilograms (1,100 to 1,300 lb.). Heavy or draft horses are usually at least 16 hands (64 inches, 163 cm) high and can be as tall as 18 hands (72 inches, 183 cm) high. They can weigh from about 700 to 1,000 kilograms (1,500 to 2,200 lb.).

HorsesThe largest horse in recorded history was probably a Shire horse named Mammoth, who was born in 1848. He stood 21.2 1⁄2 hands (86.5 inches, 220 cm) high and his peak weight was estimated at 1,500 kilograms (3,300lb.)
The largest horse in recorded history was probably a Shire horse named Mammoth, who was born in 1848. He stood 21.2 1⁄2 hands (86.5 inches, 220 cm) high and his peak weight was estimated at 1,500 kilograms (3,300lb.).

Horses have 64 chromosomes. The horse genome was sequenced in 2007. It contains 2.7 billion DNA base pairs, which is larger than the dog genome, but smaller than the human genome or the bovine genome. The map is available to researchers. Horses exhibit a diverse array of coat colors and distinctive markings, described by a specialized vocabulary. Often, a horse is classified first by its coat color, before breed or sex. Horses of the same color may be distinguished from one another by white markings, which, along with various spotting patterns, are inherited separately from coat color.

Horses which have a white coat color are often mislabeled; a horse that looks "white" is usually a middle-aged or older gray. Grays are born a darker shade, get lighter as they age, but usually keep black skin underneath their white hair coat (with the exception of pink skin under white markings). The only horses properly called white are born with a predominantly white hair coat and pink skin, a fairly rare occurrence.

Mares carry their young for approximately 11months, and a young horse can stand and run shortly following birth. Gestation lasts approximately 340 days, with an average range 320–370 days, and usually results in one foal; twins are rare.

Depending on maturity, breed, and work expected, horses are usually put under saddle and trained to be ridden between the ages of two and four. Although Thoroughbred race horses are put on the track as young as the age of two in some countries, horses specifically bred for sports such as dressage are generally not put under saddle until they are three or four years old, because their bones and muscles are not solidly developed. For endurance riding competition, horses are not deemed mature enough to compete until they are a full 60 calendar months (five years) old.

Adult horses have 12 incisors at the front of the mouth, adapted to biting off the grass or other vegetation. They have 24 teeth adapted for chewing, the premolars and molars, at the back of the mouth. Stallions and geldings have four additional teeth just behind the incisors, a type of canine teeth called "tushes". Some horses, both male and female, will also develop one to four very small vestigial teeth in front of the molars, known as "wolf" teeth, which are generally removed because they can interfere with the bit. There is an empty interdental space between the incisors and the molars where the bit rests directly on the gums, or "bars" of the horse's mouth when the horse is bridled.

An estimate of a horse's age can be made from looking at its teeth. The teeth continue to erupt throughout life and are worn down by grazing. Therefore, the incisors show changes as the horse ages; they develop a distinct wear pattern, changes in tooth shape, and changes in the angle at which the chewing surfaces meet. This allows a very rough estimate of a horse's age, although diet and veterinary care can also affect the rate of tooth wear.

Horses are herbivores with a digestive system adapted to a forage diet of grasses and other plant material, consumed steadily throughout the day. Therefore, compared to humans, they have a relatively small stomach but very long intestines to facilitate a steady flow of nutrients. A 450-kilogram (990 lb) horse will eat 7 to 11 kilograms (15 to 24 lb) of food per day and, under normal use, drink 38 liters (8.4 imp gal; 10 US gal) to 45 liters (9.9 imp gal; 12 US gal) of water. Horses have one stomach and they can digest cellulose, a major component of grass. Cellulose digestion occurs in the cecum, or "water gut", which food goes through before reaching the large intestine. Horses cannot vomit, so digestion problems can quickly cause colic, a leading cause of death. Horses have the largest eyes of any land mammal and are positioned on the sides of their heads. This means that horses have a range of vision of more than 350°, with approximately 65° of this being binocular vision and the remaining 285° monocular vision. Horses have excellent day and night vision, but they have two-color vision, similar to red-green color blindness in humans, where certain colors, especially red and related colors, appear as a shade of green.

Their sense of smell, while much better than that of humans, is not quite as good as that of a dog. It is believed to play a key role in the social interactions of horses as well as detecting other key scents in the environment. Horses have two olfactory centers. The first system is in the nostrils and nasal cavity, which analyze a wide range of odors. The second, located under the nasal cavity, are the Vomeronasal organs, also called Jacobson's organs. These have a separate nerve pathway to the brain and appear to primarily analyze pheromones.

A horse's hearing is good, and the pinna of each ear can rotate up to 180°, giving the potential for 360° hearing without having to move the head. Noise impacts the behavior of horses and certain kinds of noise may contribute to stress: A 2013 study in the UK indicated that stabled horses were calmest in a quiet setting, or if listening to country or classical music, but displayed signs of nervousness when listening to jazz or rock music. This study also recommended keeping music under a volume of 21 decibels. An Australian study found that stabled racehorses listening to talk radio had a higher rate of gastric ulcers than horses listening to music, and racehorses stabled where a radio was played had a higher overall rate of ulceration than horses stabled where there was no radio playing.

Horses have a great sense of balance, due partly to their ability to feel their footing and partly to highly developed proprioception—the unconscious sense of where the body and limbs are at all times. A horse's sense of touch is well developed. The most sensitive areas are around the eyes, ears, and nose. Horses are able to sense contact as subtle as an insect landing anywhere on the body.

Horses have an advanced sense of taste, which allows them to sort through fodder and choose what they would most like to eat, and their prehensile lips can easily sort even small grains. Horses generally will not eat poisonous plants, however, there are exceptions; horses will occasionally eat toxic amounts of poisonous plants even when there is adequate healthy food.

All horses move naturally with four basic gaits: the four-beat walk, which averages 6.4 kilometers per hour (4.0 mph); the two-beat trot or jog at 13 to 19 kilometers per hour (8.1 to 11.8 mph) (faster for harness racing horses); the canter or lope, a three-beat gait that is 19 to 24 kilometers per hour (12 to 15 mph); and the gallop. The gallop averages 40 to 48 kilometers per hour (25 to 30 mph), but the world record for a horse galloping over a short, sprint distance is 88 kilometers per hour (55 mph). Besides these basic gaits, some horses perform a two-beat pace, instead of the trot. There also are several four-beat "ambling" gaits that are approximately the speed of a trot or pace, though smoother to ride. These include the lateral rack, running walk, and tölt as well as the diagonal fox trot. Ambling gaits are often genetic in some breeds, known collectively as gaited horses. Often, gaited horses replace the trot with one of the ambling gaits.

Studies have indicated that horses perform a number of cognitive tasks on a daily basis, meeting mental challenges that include food procurement and identification of individuals within a social system. They also have good spatial discrimination abilities. Studies have assessed equine intelligence in areas such as problem solving, speed of learning, and memory. Horses excel at simple learning, but also are able to use more advanced cognitive abilities that involve categorization and concept learning. One study has indicated that horses can differentiate between "more or less" if the quantity involved is less than four.

Unlike humans, horses do not sleep in a solid, unbroken period of time, but take many short periods of rest. Horses spend four to fifteen hours a day in standing rest, and from a few minutes to several hours lying down. Total sleep time in a 24-hour period may range from several minutes to a couple of hours, mostly in short intervals of about 15 minutes each. The average sleep time of a domestic horse is said to be 2.9 hours per day.

Horses must lie down to reach REM sleep. They only have to lie down for an hour or two every few days to meet their minimum REM sleep requirements. However, if a horse is never allowed to lie down, after several days it will become sleep-deprived, and in rare cases may suddenly collapse as it involuntarily slips into REM sleep while still standing.

Horse Colors

Horses come in the following colors:
  • Bay
  • Bay
  • Black
  • Brindle
  • Brown
  • Buckskin
  • Champagne
  • Chestnut
  • Chestnut
  • Cream Dilution
  • Cremellow
  • Dapple Gray
  • Dun
  • Fleabitten Gray
  • Gray
  • Gray
  • Grullo
  • Leopard
  • Liver
  • Overo
  • Paint
  • Palomino
  • Pearl
  • Perlino
  • Piebald
  • Pinto
  • Rabicano
  • Roan
  • Rose Gray
  • Sabino
  • Salt and Pepper
  • Salt and Pepper
  • Silver Dapple
  • Skewbald
  • Smoky Black
  • Smoky Cream
  • Sorrel
  • Tobiano
  • Tovero
  • White

Livestock Of The World