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Domestic sheep are a multi-purpose livestock. Sheep are raised for fleece, meat, and milk. There are more than 200 breed and there are over one billion domestic sheep in the world.

Most people think Sheep are dumb, but they are wrong. Their flocking behavior and quickness to flee and panic can make shepherding a difficult endeavor for the uninitiated. Despite these perceptions, a University of Illinois study of sheep reported them to be just below pigs and on par with cattle in IQ. Sheep can recognize individual human faces, and remember them for years. In addition to long-term facial recognition of individuals, sheep can also differentiate emotional states through facial characteristics. If worked with patiently, sheep may learn their names and many sheep are trained to be led by halter for showing and other purposes. Sheep have also responded well to clicker training. It has been reported that some sheep have apparently shown problem-solving abilities; a flock in West Yorkshire, England allegedly found a way to get over cattle grids by rolling on their backs.

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Breeds of Sheep


There are the following breeds of Sheep:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Acipayam SheepAcipayam


Acipayam sheep are a multi-purpose breed (wool. Milk, and meat) that originated in Turkey that was developed by crossing Awassi and Daglic sheep.


Acipayam rams average 65 kg (140 lb) and ewes 60 kg (130 lb) at maturity. Both have white, coarse wool.



Acipayam  - Sheep Breeds

About Adal SheepAdal


Adal are raised for meat and are from Ethopia. They are mainly found in the region surrounding Dancalia in northeastern Ethiopia. They are a hair sheep breed. 

Adal sheep are smaller sized and unicolored from white to dark brown. Occasionally they are also pied or dark brown. They generally have short ears, and often earless. Both rams and ewes are generally polled (without horns). 

Their average birth weight is around 2.54 kg, and around 2.26 kg for the ewes. The average live body weight of the mature ewes is around 24 kg. And average live body weight of the mature rams is around 35 kg.  

They are hardy and strong sheep. They are especially well adapted to arid ...

Adal  - Sheep Breeds

About Afghan Arabi SheepAfghan Arabi


Afghan Arabi sheep are fat-rumpled sheep found in northern Afghanistan used for meat and milk production. They generally are polled and have long pendulous ears.


Typically, they are grey or black with white on their face and the average height of mature ewes is 48 cm (19 in).



Afghan Arabi  - Sheep Breeds

About Africana SheepAfricana


Africana sheep (also known as Pelona, Camura, Red African, Rojo Africana, Colombian Wooless, or West African sheep) are found in Colombia and Venezuela. They are very similar to Pelibuey sheep in size and confirmation.

They are usually brown, ranging in shade from tan to brown and cherry-red to dark red. They are is raised for meat and classified as a hair breed.

Africana  - Sheep Breeds

About Afrino SheepAfrino


Afrino are a fine wool, dual-purpose sheep.

During the late 1960's, a request was made to the Department of Agriculture by the wool industry, via the South African Agricultural Union, to develop a white-wooled breed for extensive sheep grazing areas. In 1976, it was evident that the crossing of 25 percent Merino, 25 percent Ronderib Afrikaner, and 50 percent South African Mutton Merino best fulfilled the requirements set for the new breed.

It was decided to retain only this cross for further upgrading and development of the breed known today as the Afrino. Eighty percent of the income from Afrino sheep is generated through meat production and 20 percent through wool production. The Afrino ...

Afrino  - Sheep Breeds

About Alai SheepAlai


Alai sheep are a dual-purpose breed raised for its meat and wool from Kyrgyzstan.

They are white with occasional spots on their legs and heads. Their wool is semi-coarse and often used in carpet. Rams may be either horned or polled; however, they ewes are all polled.

Alai sheep are a fat-rump breed and are specifically adapted to living conditions of the Alay Valley region (above 3 km (1.9 mi) above sea level).

Alai  - Sheep Breeds

About Alcarrena SheepAlcarrena


Alcarrena sheep are medium-wooled meat found in the La Alcarria, Guadalajara, and the Cuenca regions of New Castille, Spain.

They are of the Entrefino type. Sometimes they have light-brown markings on the head and legs, and occasionally they are all black. Both sexes are polled.

Alcarrena  - Sheep Breeds

About Algarve Churro SheepAlgarve Churro


Algarve Churro sheep are from Portugal and used for meat.

They are white with black spots on the feet and head. However, about 10% of them are completely black.

Mature rams grow on average to 95 cm (37 in) at the withers and weigh 75 kg (170 lb). However, ewes grow to 85 cm (33 in) at the withers and weigh 55 kg (120 lb) at maturity.


Algarve Churro  - Sheep Breeds

About Algerian Arab SheepAlgerian Arab


Algerian Arab sheep (also known as Ouled Jellal or Western Thin-tailed sheep) are found throughout Algeria. They are adapted to arid climates and it is believed that they evolved from the Tadmit sheep in Algeria. They produce carpet-grade wool but they are primarily raised for meat.


They are white and have long legs. The males are horned and the females are polled.



Algerian Arab  - Sheep Breeds

About Alpagota SheepAlpagota


Alpagota, or Pagota, sheep are from Italy (Lamon, Vicentina and Istriana; Belluno and Venezia Provinces). They are well suited to the local hills and mountains.


Content and Photo source: Agraria.org.



Alpagota  - Sheep Breeds

About Alpines Steinschaf SheepAlpines Steinschaf


Image: <a href=http://www.arche-austria.at class = body target = _blank>www.arche-austria.at</a>

Alpines Steinschaf are mountain sheep from the Eastern Alps of Austria and southern Germany. They are used for wool and meat and for keeping the grass down.


Alpines Steinschaf sheep are fine-boned and small to medium sized. Rams weigh 55 to 80 kg (121 to 176 lb), and ewes 40 to 60 kg (88 to 132 lb).


They are found in all coat colors and sometimes their face and ears are marked with black. Their face and lower legs are without wool and their legs are thin but strong, and their hooves are hard. Rams are often horned, but ewes usually are polled. Their ears are carried horizontally or slightly drooping.


They are one of four breeds in the Steinschaf group (the other three are Krainer St ...


Alpines Steinschaf  - Sheep Breeds

About Altamurana SheepAltamurana


Altamurana sheep are a medium-sized Milk sheep from the Bari and Foggia Provinces, in the Apulia Region of southern Italy.


Altamurana sheep are white with occasionally dark spots on their faces. They are well adapted to live on arid soils. Altamurana sheep come down from the ovines of Asian race or Syrian of the Sanson and just from the stock of Zackei.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Altamurana  - Sheep Breeds

About Altay SheepAltay


Altay sheep are from the dry, cold mountain basins of China.


They are fat-rumped and are sometimes raised for carpet wool (they average 2.5 to 3.5 pounds, 1.3 - 1.5 kg, of wool per shearing), but more often they are raised for meat.


Over time Altay sheep gradually developed a fat tail (or rump) as a consistent characteristic. The tail (or rump) weighs about 15 pounds (7 kg). The rams average 180 pounds (82 kg) and the ewes 150 pounds (69 kg) at maturity.



Altay  - Sheep Breeds

About American Blackbelly SheepAmerican Blackbelly


American Blackbelly (also known as Corsican) sheep are a composite breed resulting from the crossing of Barbados Blackbelly with Mouflon and Rambouillet breeds. As the name implies, the underbelly of the American Blackbelly is black, as is the inside of the legs, the back part of the thighs, and the hair inside the ears. Two black facial barbs extend down the muzzle medial to the eye, giving the breed an exotic appearance.

Through selective breeding, the American Blackbelly has retained the coloration of its Barbados Blackbelly parent stock, but can be easily distinguished by the presence of horns on the rams. It is harder to identify which breed a ewe represents because American Blackbelly females may be polled, scurred, or ...

American Blackbelly  - Sheep Breeds

About Ancon SheepAncon


Ancon sheep have long bodies with short legs. Their fore-legs are crooked. This type of sheep was bred from a single Massachusetts, USA, lamb. The Ancon sheep are quite desirable because they cannot jump over fences. The Ancon name has been applied to other strains of sheep. Scientists used the Ancon for genetic research and after it was no longer needed for study it was allowed to become extinct. Excavations of the Ancon have been done in the United Kingdom. They have found that the Ancon has a history that dates back to AD 1500. The Ancon sheep have quite a few unique features that were caused by dwarf mutation. They were well-known in the state of Massachusetts in the 1700s. Sheep owners preferred this species as it made ...


Ancon  - Sheep Breeds

About Apennine SheepApennine


Apennine sheep (also known as Appenninica, Bariscianese, Chietina Varzese, or Perugina del piano) are white sheep that were found in the 1970's in central Italy, mainly in Toscana, Emilia, Umbria, arche, Abruzzi regions of Italy. They were developed by crossbreeding the local breed with other Italian or exotic breeds such as: Bergamasca and Ile-de-France. There are an estimated 250,000 heads, spread out over central and southern Italy.


They are white with medium-wool that are raised mainly for meat. They are polled and have semi-lopped ears.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Apennine  - Sheep Breeds

About Arabi SheepArabi


Arabi, also known as Afghan Arabi, Sheep are fat-rumped sheep from Northern Afghanistan. They typically have long pendulous ears; they also generally have black or white faces. The Arabi rams have horns and the ewes are polled (hornless). They are raised for meat and wool production.


Most likely Arabi sheep are descended from very ancient importations from Arabia across the narrow Bal-el-Mandeb Straits at the mouth of the Red Sea. They have adapted to extreme temperatures and conditions. Within the foothills of Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, summer temperatures rise to 41 °C (110 °F) and winter temperatures down to -26 °C (-15 °F) with less than 400 mm (16 in) rain.



Arabi  - Sheep Breeds

About Aragonesa SheepAragonesa


Aragonesa are a dual-purpose, medium wool sheep raised mainly for its meat. They are the second most important Spanish breed after the Merino. Spanish sheep breeds of medium quality wool are considered to have originated from the crossbreeding of fine-wool strains (Merino) and those with coarse wool (Churra and Lacha), though this viewpoint is overly simplistic.

Aragonesa sheep are known for ruggedness, gregarious instinct, pasturing ability, and adaptability to the harsh environment in which it is raised.

Aragonesa  - Sheep Breeds

About Arapawa Island SheepArapawa Island


Historical records suggest that sheep have been known on Arapawa Island, NZ, in the Marlborough Sounds for at least 130 years.


Most likely the Arapawa feral sheep are escapees of a flock of Merino Sheep.


To those unused to their distinctive appearance, Arapawa sheep may at first acquaintance seem ungainly or even ugly, with their somewhat hunched appearance and often ragged fleece. Certainly they bear little resemblance to their more immediate Merino ancestors and even less to the Merinos familiar to us all today.


Arapawas are not large sheep, being rather lean and light-boned. The clear narrow face and head, with alert bright eyes, is set on a long neck and topped with slender ears ...


Arapawa Island  - Sheep Breeds

About Argentine Merino SheepArgentine Merino


Argentine Merino are dual-purpose (fine wool and meat) sheep from Argentina. They were developed from Criollo sheep crossed with Spanish and Saxony Merinos and later Rambouillets.  

Argentine Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About Arkhar-Merino SheepArkhar-Merino


Arkhar-Merino sheep were developed at the Kurmektinski research station between 1934 to 1949 in Kazakhstan. They were produced by crossbreeding wild Arkhar rams and Precoce merino ewes.

In 1994 Arkhar-Merino sheep were transferred to Arasbaran research station which is attached to the Research Center for Natural Resources and Domestic Animals of East Azerbaijan.

Arkhar-Merino sheep have a firm and expanded skeleton. They are bulky with long legs and a broad chest. Their average staple length is 6.24 to 8.08 cm. The average fiber diameter is 22.99 in ewes and 23.51 in ram. Their greasy fleece weight is about 4.19 kg. 

Arkhar-Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About Arles Merino SheepArles Merino


Arles Merino is one of world's 20 merino sheep breeds. They were developed in the South of France, by using local merino, Spanish merino (Est a Laine Merinos) and Australian Booroola sheep. The sheep were first selected by the greatest amount of wool and fine wool. However, currently the primary breeding goal is milk production of ewes and the rapid growth of lambs. In addition, those specimens are preferred for breeding who make the breed less dependent on the season, which means that the goal is to ensure good fertility all year round.

They have a muscular rump and fine wool. Their wool is white with a fiber diameter of approximately 20 microns (min 17 microns, max 26 microns) and a length of 60 to 70mm. Wool from ...

Arles Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About Armenian Semicoarsewool SheepArmenian Semicoarsewool


Armenian Semicoarsewool are dual-purpose sheep mainly found in Armenia. They are a medium-wool fat tail breed. They are raised as a dual-purpose animal, and are currently raised for milk and meat production. They were developed by crossing Rambouillet and Lincoln with Balbas sheep.

They are medium to large sized and are mainly white with a white face. Both rams and ewes are generally polled. The mature ewe’s average body height is around 26 inches at the withers, and around 29 inches for the rams. Their average live body weight is around 85 kg. And average live body weight of the mature ewes is around 55 kg. They are well adapted to their native environments. 

Armenian Semicoarsewool  - Sheep Breeds

About Askanian SheepAskanian


Askanian, also known as Askaniysky or Askanian Fine Fleece, sheep are from Ukraine. They were developed in the early 1900s at Askania Nova by crossing American Rambouillet with Merino sheep. There were over 1.6 million Askanian sheep in 1980. Today the breed is raised mainly for it's fine quality wool.

They are medium to large sized sheep. They are mainly white and are unicolored with a white face. Their face is generally free of wool. The ewes are either polled or horned, but the rams are generally horned. Average body height of the mature ewes is around 69 cm at the withers, and the rams are much larger than the ewes.

The Average live body weight of the mature Askanian rams is around 115 kg. And the ewes ar ...

Askanian  - Sheep Breeds

About Assaf SheepAssaf


Assaf sheep are the result of crossbreeding between Awassi and East Friesian Milk sheep. In 1955, researchers of the Israeli Agricultural Research Organization (A.R.O) started this project aiming to improve the fecundity of the Awassi sheep. A combination of 3/8 East Friesian and 5/8 Awassi blood emerged as the best cross.

Most dairy sheep breeders in Israel have adopted the Assaf, which is considered not only a top quality dairy sheep and excellent mutton producer, but is also well-adapted to semi-extensive to extensive production systems. Under Israeli conditions, in which ewes have approximately 3 lambings in 2 years, the annual milk yield is 450 liters. The demand for Assaf sheep is increasing every year. They have b ...

Assaf  - Sheep Breeds

About Aussiedown SheepAussiedown


Aussiedowns are large sheep were developed in the early 1990s in Australia. Today they are mainly distributed in New South Wales, Victoria, Australia. They were developed through crossbreeding Southdown and Texel sheep. The resulting progeny have a maximum of 75 percent Southdown and Texel ancestry.

They are mainly raised as prime lamb sires, by crossing them over purebred or crossbred ewes. They are very good for meat production.

They are generally completely white. Both rams and ewes are generally polled. 

Aussiedown  - Sheep Breeds

About Australian Merino SheepAustralian Merino


Although Australian Merino sheep derive their name and basic appearance from the Spanish merino breed, they are a distinct breed in their own right. They have been developed and adapted in Australia to the specific conditions of this country.

More than 80 percent of all Australian sheep are pure Merino, with most of the remainder at least part Merino blood. Merino is grown primarily for its heavy fleeces of fine wool. Merino sheep were brought to Australia from the Cape Colony, England, Saxony (South East Germany), France, and America. The Australian Merino is not a single homogenous breed but a number of strains of sheep all of which, regardless of their origins, are uniquely Australian. The major factor determining the Mer ...

Australian Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About Australian White SheepAustralian White


Image: <a href=http://www.australianwhites.com.au class = body target=_blank>Australian White Sheep Breeders Associations</a> Australian Whites are Australian meat sheep which was developed for Australian conditions. Australian White sheep are a stabilized composite haired meat breed comprising White Dorper, Van Rooy, Poll Dorset and Texel genetics. The development aim was to produce a unique Australian white, shedding sheep breed to quickly produce large framed, heavy lamb carcases. Additionally, walking or mobility ability, good fertility and mothering instincts in the ewes and hardy lambs with good growth weights were required traits to be incorporated into the breed.  

In 2011 the Australian White sheep breed was shown at the Sydney Royal Easter Show for the first time.

Australian White  - Sheep Breeds

About Avranchin SheepAvranchin


Avranchin are a grassland breed of sheep. They are hardy and well-adapted to a ocean climate, usually living outdoors in small flocks. They are one of the most prolific French breeds. They have a large or medium-sized frame. They produce lambs of good butchering quality, with very fine textured meat.

The selection of the Avranchin sheep breed tends towards the maintenance of high prolificacy (the optimum sought is the ewe which regularly produces twins at each lambing), and the improvement of the milk value of the dams. Rams for breeding are chosen according to their conformation and the prolificacy and milk value indexes of their dam.

Avranchin  - Sheep Breeds

About Awassi SheepAwassi


Photo by Larry Meisegeier Awassi evolved as a nomadic sheep breed through centuries of natural and selective breeding to become the highest milk producing breed in the Middle East. They are similar to the Near Eastern fat-tailed type. They are used for milk production and carpet wool.  

The average Awassi ewe has single lactations over 300 liters (650 pounds) per 210-day lactation, and it is not uncommon for outstanding females to have 210 day lactations above 750 liters (1,625 lbs).  

As a comparison, the lactation of the average U.S. sheep breed is about 100 to 200 pounds per lactation. The breed also has the advantage of natural hardiness and grazing ability. The males are horned and the females are usually po ...

Awassi  - Sheep Breeds

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Babydoll Southdown SheepBabydoll Southdown


The Babydoll Southdown is a sheep of the early Southdown type imported into the U.S. and seen in England in the 1800's through the early 1900's. They are 18" to 24" at the shoulder and display the original Southdown type and characteristics. The Southdown breed of sheep originated in the South "Downs" of Sussex County, England, and is one of the oldest of the Down breeds. English farms kept these sheep for their flavorful meat and fine fleece.

Babydoll Southdown  - Sheep Breeds

About Badger Face Welsh Mountain SheepBadger Face Welsh Mountain


Torddu, the Welsh name meaning 'black belly' have distinct black stripes above the eyes and a black stripe running from under the chin to the belly and continuing underneath to the end of the tail. The legs are black with a tan stripe. The fleece can be white, grey or light brown, but preference is given to the lighter shades. The wool should be firm and medium length (7-10 cm). The Torwen, the Welsh name meaning 'white belly' show the reverse coloring, but with a smaller eye stripe. Their bodies should be compact and strong and of medium size. Both Torddu and Torwen rams are horned and weigh up to 90kg. Ewes are polled and weigh up to 60kg.


  Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association



Badger Face Welsh Mountain  - Sheep Breeds

About Bagnolese SheepBagnolese


Bagnolese Sheep are an autochthonous breed from Campania, Italy that got its name from the village of Bagnoli Irpino in the province of Avellino. They probably derives from the crossbreeding of the Barbaresca breed and the local breeds of the Apennines. Over time they spread from Irpinia to the entire region up to the provinces of Caserta and Salerno.

They are medium-large white sheep with black spots. There are excellent dairy products derived from its milk: pecorino as well as ricotta cheese (fresh or salted and aged). They are also raised for meat.

In Irpinia (province of Avellino) they are still largely kept in wild or semi wild state, fed on herbal pastureland with integration only in the winter mont ...

Bagnolese  - Sheep Breeds

About Balkhi SheepBalkhi


Balkhi are medium to large sized sheep originated from Afghanistan and North-western Pakistan. They are a fat-tailed mutton type sheep. They are  raised mainly for meat production, but they are also good for producing wool. 
 
Balkhi sheep are hardy and are well adapted to their native climates. They have a low fiber density, and they approximately yield 2 kg of coarse wool with an average 43.5 micrometer diameter. The ewes are pretty good milkers and they produce enough milk for their lambs. The ewes generally lactate for about 105 days and produce around 60 kg of milk. 
 
They are black, grey, or tan. They have somewhat long ears, and their body is muscular and compact. Their ta ...

Balkhi  - Sheep Breeds

About Baluchi SheepBaluchi


Baluchi are small sheep that originated in southern Afghanistan, eastern Iran, and southwest Pakistan. They are a fat-tailed sheep breed and are raised mainly for wool production. They are also known Araghi, Baluchi Dumda, Farahani, Khorasani, Khurasani, Mengali, Neini, Naeini, Shinwari, Taraki and Yazdi sheep.  

They are raised mainly for wool production. Their wool is coarse with modulation. The average annual fleece weight is between 1.3 and 1.8 kg. The ewes are pretty good milkers, and they produce enough milk for their lambs. On average an ewe generally produce around 40 to 50 kg of milk in a lactation period of about 125 days. 

They are black and white with black marks on the legs and ...

Baluchi  - Sheep Breeds

About Balwen Welsh Mountain SheepBalwen Welsh Mountain


The Balwen Welsh Mountain sheep is a sheep for all seasons. One of the original Welsh breeds of sheep the Balwen remains as one of the most striking and versatile of all the rare breed sheep. The sheep has a base color of black, dark brown or dark grey. It has a white stripe running from the pole of the head to the top of the nose, four white feet and half white tail. Average mature ewe weighs 40-50kgs, rams 45-60kgs.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Balwen Welsh Mountain  - Sheep Breeds

About Barbados Blackbelly SheepBarbados Blackbelly


Barbados Blackbelly sheep are indigenous to the Caribbean island of Barbados. They descend from sheep brought to the islands from West Africa during the slave era. Blackbellies are antelope-like in appearance, brown tan or yellow in color, with black points and under-parts. Both ewes and rams are polled or have only small scurs or diminutive horns.

They may have some visible fuzzy wool undercoat within their hair coat, but it should shed along with the hair each year. Barbados Blackbelies are noted for their extreme hardiness and reproductive efficiency. They are one of the most prolific sheep breeds in the world.

Barbados Blackbelly  - Sheep Breeds

About Barbaresca Siciliana SheepBarbaresca Siciliana


Found in Sicily in southern Italy, the Barbaresca Siciliana (Sicilian Barbary) was developed from the Tunisian Barbary and the Pinzirita.

They have coarse to medium wool and are kept for both milk and meat production. The Sicilian Barbary is polled and usually has dark spots on the face and legs. They have lop ears and stores fat at the base of their tail.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Barbaresca Siciliana  - Sheep Breeds

About Bardoka SheepBardoka


Bardoka are a multi-purpose sheep found mainly in the Metohia region of Kosovo. It's name is derived from the Albanian word 'Bardoka' which means white. They are mainly found in Kosovo and partially in Albania, Montenegro, and Serbia.

They are medium-sized sheep. They are mainly white with a white face. Their face is generally free of wool, and their skin color is pink. Both rams and ewes are generally horned. Their horns are generally long and spiraled. Rams weight around 3.5 kg at birth and the ewes around 3.2 kg. The mature Bardoka ram's average body height is around 70 cm at the withers, and around 60 cm for the ewes. Bardoka rams is around 65 kg. And average live body weight of the mature ewes is around 50 kg

Bardoka  - Sheep Breeds

About Basco-Bearnais SheepBasco-Bearnais


Basco-bearnaise sheep originated from the Basque country, and also known as Vasca Carranzana, France. They were developed during the 1960s from Basque and Bearnaise sheep.  

They mainly are raised as a milk breed, and an ewe on average produces around 120 liters of milk per lactation. And their lactation period is around of 130 days. Their milk is of good quality containing around 5.39 percent protein.  

Basco-bearnaise sheep are medium to large sized. They are mainly white and have long, white and hanging wool. Their head and hooves are reddish-yellow colored. The rams have spiral horn around the ear. And the ewes can be either horned or polled.  

The average body height of ...

Basco-Bearnais  - Sheep Breeds

About Bavarian Forest Sheep SheepBavarian Forest Sheep


Bavarian Forest sheep are an old and once wide-spread breed from Bavaria. Unfortunately they are decreasing in popularity. They are a small to medium sized sheep. They are mostly white, though brown and black animals do occur. 

Their fleece contains a mixture of fibers: kemp, hetero type, and wool fibers. Forest sheep are aseasonal: they usually lamb 3 times in 2 years. Their fertility amounts to about 180 percent. They are a hardy, weather and disease-resistant breed. They have good mothering ability.


Bavarian Forest Sheep  - Sheep Breeds

About Belgium Milk SheepBelgium Milk


Belgium Milk Sheep are strongly influenced by Friesian Milk Sheep. In all probability, the Belgium Milk Sheep descends from Flemish sheep. Since the 19th century, Flemish sheep were selected for milk character. After the Second World War, the other milk sheep breeds were added.

The Belgium Milk Sheep is a finely-built sheep which stands on high legs. The body is wedge-shaped. The head is covered with fine white hair. The abdomen is wooly, but slightly hairy. A typical characteristic of Belgium Milk Sheep is the so-called "rat-tail." The fertility of the breed is high. The udder is well-developed and the animals give much milk with a creamy taste.

Belgium Milk  - Sheep Breeds

About Bellary SheepBellary


Bellary are medium-sized sheep native to the districts of Bellary and Davanagere and the adjoining areas of Haveri and Chitradurga districts of Karnataka, India.

They are medium-sized with body colors ranging from white through various combinations of white and black to black. Most rams have horns, though ewes are generally polled. Their ears are medium long, flat and drooping, their tail is short and thin, their fleece is extremely coarse, hairy, and open and their belly and legs are devoid of wool.

In farmers' flocks lambing percentage is 80–85% and the litter size is generally single. Breeding is mostly pure. Rams are selected on the basis of size. They are primarily maintained for meat. The ewes are milked ...

Bellary  - Sheep Breeds

About Beltex SheepBeltex


The Beltex is a medium sized sheep, long in the body. It is wedge-shaped from a narrow shoulder to a distinctive large, double-muscled hindquarter. The head is generally white in color but may have black, blue or brown shadings or patches. The fore face is short and thick. The fleece is tight, dense of medium staple length. Average male body weight 95kg.




Beltex  - Sheep Breeds

About Bentheimer Landschaf SheepBentheimer Landschaf


Bentheimer Landschaf (A.K.A The Landrace of Bentheim) are medium-sized German sheep. They were developed by a cross between German and Dutch heath sheep and marsh sheep. They have been bred in the northern German Emsland area since 1934, especially in the county of Bentheim.

They are mainly white and have black around their ears, eyes, and legs. They have a slender body, long head and Roman nose. Their ears are small and the tail is long and woolly. Both rams and ewes are generally polled. The average body height of the mature ewes is around 67 cm at the withers, and the rams are slightly larger than the ewes. The average live body weight of the mature Bentheimer Landschaf rams is around 75 to 80 kg. And average live body we ...

Bentheimer Landschaf  - Sheep Breeds

About Bergamasca SheepBergamasca


Bergamasca, also known by: Bergamasker, Gigante di Bergamo, Bergamacia (Brazil), sheep have white coarse wool and are raised for meat.

Bergamasca sheep are found in the Lombardy, region of northern Italy. They are a basic breed of the Lop-eared Alpine group and are polled. The Bergamasca is the foundation of the other Lop-eared Alpine breeds and of Fabrianese.

Content and Photo source: Agraria.org.

Bergamasca  - Sheep Breeds

About Berrichon du Cher SheepBerrichon du Cher


Berrichon du Cher sheep have been bred for meat production since the 18th century. This long-lasting breeding process has resulted in a well-conformed breed, characterized by early growth.

Berrichon ewes have a natural ability to lamb out-of-season: 60% of lambs are naturally born from September to November, a schedule which provides high flexibility in terms of production.

Berrichon du Cher Sheep are hardy and are able to cover wide distances, which render the breed suitable for various livestock management systems.



Berrichon du Cher  - Sheep Breeds

About Beulah Speckled Face SheepBeulah Speckled Face


Speckled-face sheep have been bred on the hills of Eppynt, Llanafan, Abergwesyn, and Llanwrtyd Wells for over 100 years, without introduction of female stock. On the hill, the ewes are normally purebred, providing flock replacements, finished lambs for the meat trade, or store lambs for finishing on lowland farms.

Beulah ewes are also idea for crossing with most continental rams, as well as Suffolk and Down rams to produce high-quality carcasses. Rams have found great demand in many mountain flocks to improve size and wool quality. They have very clean soft handling wool. Ewes are hornless, as are the majority of rams. Their face is free from wool and distinctly speckled.

Beulah Speckled Face  - Sheep Breeds

About Bibrik SheepBibrik


Bibrik are medium-sized sheep that originated from Pakistan. They are a fat-tailed breed and are raised mainly for meat production. They are found mainly in the parts of Sibi and Loralai districts in Baluchistan Province of Pakistan.

They are mainly white with a black or brown head. Both rams and ewes are generally horned, and the rams have pretty large and curved horns. The rams generally weight around 2.8 kg at births, and the ewes around 2.4 kg.

Average body height of the mature ewes is around 19 inches at the withers, and around 25 inches for the rams. The average live body weight of the mature Bibrik rams is around 37 kg. And the average live body weight of the mature ewes is around 31 kg.

They ...

Bibrik  - Sheep Breeds

About Biellese SheepBiellese


Biellese sheep are from the Piedmont region of northern Italy. They are a polled carpet wool breed used for meat production. They are one of the Lop-eared Alpine group of sheep breeds.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Biellese  - Sheep Breeds

About Bizet SheepBizet


Bizet [bi.ze] sheep originating in France. They were developed between 1830 and 1900 by first crossing Caussenards sheep with Southdown and Dishley English sheep. In 1905, steps were taken to start standardizing the breed. In 1952, Bizet were introduced on the Kerguelen archipelago, where they are raised for food for the scientific station there.

They grow wool but they are primarily raised for meat. The rams have horns and ewes are polled (hornless). At maturity, rams grow to 80 cm (31 in) and ewes 75 cm (30 in) at the withers. On average, rams weigh 90 kg (200 lb) and ewes 55 kg (121 lb). Ewes can lamb up to three times in two years.

Bizet  - Sheep Breeds

About Black Hawaiian SheepBlack Hawaiian


Black Hawaiian Sheep are the source of some controversy. Some say they are a cross of Mouflon and black hair sheep from the Hawaiian islands. Others say they are Barbados sheep with a dilution of the red color gene making them black. They have a thick black coat and are usually black all over, although some sport a white muzzle.

Like the other species of sheep of this type, their horns grow up, back, down, forward, up again, and then tip out. The horns of the Black Hawaiian are jet black. Males can weigh up to 140 to 150 pounds while females usually weigh about half that much. They are raise primarily for trophy hunting.


Black Hawaiian  - Sheep Breeds

About Black Welsh Mountain SheepBlack Welsh Mountain


Hardiness and self-reliance are the outstanding features of this ancient breed. Hill flocks of this breed, in normal conditions, require no supplementary feeding, they thrive on the short rough grasses and herbage of the unploughable uplands. They are an ideal breed for the smallholder as well as being used in their natural environment on the hill. They are a good breed for children to work with as they are shown on halters and the lambs are easy to handle. They cross well with terminal breeds to produce good quality tasty meat both as a crossbred and as a purebred. Average mature ewe weighs 45kg, rams 60-65kg.


Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association



Black Welsh Mountain  - Sheep Breeds

About Blackhead Persian SheepBlackhead Persian


Blackheaded Persian sheep originated in the arid regions of east Africa in what is now Somalia. They are  a fat-rumped breed and both sexes are polled. Blackheaded Persians have a white body and black head and neck with the two colors sharply distinguished.

They found their way to the tropics of the Caribbean region via South Africa many years ago. The Caribbean population has adapted well to the humid tropics. Blackheaded Persian sheep are one of the breeds that were used to develop Dorper sheep.

Harlequin or Speckled Persians

Some Blackheaded Persians have solid colored heads, legs and tails, while their body is covered with spots and patches on a white background. The pattern on each individua ...

Blackhead Persian  - Sheep Breeds

About Bleu du Maine SheepBleu du Maine


Bleu du Maine are a large grassland sheep with slate blue/grey coloring heads. They originated in Western France in the region of Mayenne. They were developed from crossing Leicester Longwool and Wensleydale sheep. The breed has no wool on its head or legs.

They are similar to Texel sheep but they have a higher litter size and age of sexual maturity. Their average daily gain, carcass leanness, milk yield, and lambing interval are similar to the Texel, but the Blue du Maine are lighter muscled. 

They have a very alert eye, large nostrils and ears, and no horns. Blue du Maine sheep are large; the average mature ewe weighs 80-120kg, rams 110-180kg. Both sexes are polled.


Bleu du Maine  - Sheep Breeds

About Blue Texel SheepBlue Texel


Blue Texel sheep are a color variant of the normally white Texel sheep. Blue Texel sheep come from white Texels who carry the color factor "blue" with them. This factor is a recessive factor. From a mating of two white Texels who both carry the factor for the blue color, there is a 25 percent chance blue lambs will be born while a mating between a Blue Texel and another Blue Texel always gives blue lambs. Texel sheep evolved as a result of crossbreeding the Dutch polder sheep with several English breeds, such as Leicester, Wensleydale, and Lincoln at the beginning of the 20th century.

Today, as a result of efficient selection, the Texel breed has developed into a meat-type sheep of outstanding lean meat quality that has beco ...

Blue Texel  - Sheep Breeds

About Bluefaced Leicester SheepBluefaced Leicester


The Bluefaced Leicester is the single most significant sheep breed in the UK today, with nearly 50% of the UK's commercial breeding flock being sired by the Bluefaced Leicester. Of the remaining  50%  around half are being mated with  Bluefaced Leicester rams to produce Mule ewes. The great strength of the Blueface, is that no matter what breed of sheep it’s crossed with, its progeny the Mule proves a better commercial ewe than its mother. The Bluefaced Leicester’s improve prolificacy, mothering ability, ease of management and most importantly financial return. The breed started in Northumberland around 100 years ago. Over the last half century the breed has spread all over the UK, especially into Scotland and Wales ...

Bluefaced Leicester  - Sheep Breeds

About Bond SheepBond


Bond sheep evolved in Australia in 1909 as a dual-purpose breed, using Peppin Merinos and imported Lincoln rams. Bonds are tall, long-bodied sheep, heavy in the bone and with open faces and a robust constitution. They produce bulky, long-stapled, bright 22-28 micron wool. Lambs are long, lean, and fast growing. Bond rams weigh up to 150 kg (330 lbs.).

Bond sheep are mainly found in the south east portion of Australia. They have the ability to produce economic results in a wide range of climatic conditions of rainfall from 350-1140 mm (14 to 45 inches).


Bond  - Sheep Breeds

About Booroola Merino SheepBooroola Merino


Booroola Merino sheep were developed on the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia. They differ from normal Merino in two ways. First, they are more fertile; their fertility is as high as any breed in the world. The number of lambs born per ewe lambing is 2.4, with a range of 1 to 6. Half-Booroola ewes on average wean 20 percent more lambs than comparable Merinos under the same conditions. Secondly, Booroolas have the ability to breed at most times of the year, thus extending the breeding season.

 


The high profligacy of the Booroola Merino is due to the action of a single gene. Bo ...


Booroola Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About Border Cheviot SheepBorder Cheviot


Border Cheviot sheep originated as a mountain breed, native to the Cheviot Hills between Scotland and England, where the climate is harsh and the conditions are rugged. Cheviots are extremely hardy and can withstand harsh winters and graze well over hilly pastures. They were bred to look after themselves. Recognized as early as 1372, the breed is reported to have developed from sheep that swam ashore from shipwrecked Spanish ships that fled northward after the defeat of the Armada.

Cheviot sheep are a distinctive white-faced sheep, with a wool-free face and legs, pricked ears, black muzzle and black feet. They are a very alert, active sheep, with a stylish, lively carriage. Cheviot wool has a distinctive helical crimp, which ...

Border Cheviot  - Sheep Breeds

About Border Leicester SheepBorder Leicester


Border Leicester sheep are one of three distinct breeds of Leicester sheep.  

Border Leicester sheep were developed in 1767 by George and Matthew Culley of Fenton, Northumberland, England. They were friends of Robert Bakewell and had access to his improved Leicesters. Some believe that the Culley brothers developed the Border Leicester by crossing Bakewell's improved Leicester rams with Teeswater ewes. Others argue that Cheviot blood was introduced.

In any case, the breed was firmly established in England by 1850 and Border Leicesters have now surpassed the old English Leicester in popularity in the British Isles and in other countries.   Border Leicesters are a distinctively large white she ...

Border Leicester  - Sheep Breeds

About Borderdale SheepBorderdale


Borderdale sheep were developed in New Zealand. They are the result of breeding the Border Leicester and Corriedale breeds and interbreeding each generation until the F5 stage. Borderdales are a medium-large, hardy, long-woolled breed, with a comparatively low susceptibility to foot rot. They have a good growth rate.

Ewes are often used for crossbreeding with terminal sires from the meat breeds. Borderdales are found mainly on the plains, dowlands, and foothills of Canterbury (New Zealand).

Borderdale  - Sheep Breeds

About Boreray SheepBoreray


Boreray sheep originated on the island of Boreray in the St Kilda archipelago off the west coast of Scotland. And the breed was named from this island. It is also known by some other names such as Hebridean Blackface and Boreray Blackface sheep.

They were developed during the late 19th century from Scottish Blackface and a Hebridean type of Old Scottish Shortwool sheep. They have been largely feral since 1930.  

Their fleece is white to light tan, but occasionally darker. Both sexes are horned. The ram's horns are large and spiraled. Adult ewes weigh about 28 kg (62 lbs) and stand 55 cm (22 inches) at the withers.  

Today, it is the rarest sheep breed in the United Kingdom and there ...

Boreray  - Sheep Breeds

About Bovska SheepBovska


Bovska Sheep got their name from the small town Bovec that lies in upper Soflorina valley which is in the Northwest part of Slovenia near the Italian border. In Trenta valley this breed is also called trentarka or pure trentarka if it has the short ears sometimes seen with this breed.

The Bovska sheep breed originated in the white sheep which were once distributed throughout the Alps. Bleiweis (1871) mentioned the Trbiska sheep breed and reported that sheep with shorter ears produced more milk. Pirc reported that Tolminska and Bovska sheep breeds originated from the peat sheep while in the German literature it is stated that in some Alpine valleys and swampy areas Stonesheep (Steinschafe) or Zaupelschafe were found which ...

Bovska  - Sheep Breeds

About Braunes Bergschaf SheepBraunes Bergschaf


Braunes Bergschaf, or Brown Mountain, sheep are from the alpine regions of Bavaria (Germany), Tyrol (Austria), Southern Tyrol (Italy), and the Swiss Canton of Engadine. In recent years, Braunes Bergschaf Sheep have gained popularity beyond their original borders. Brown Mountain Sheep are descended from the Tyrolean Steinschaf (Stone Sheep), which can be of all colors, one color per sheep, and is rarely white.

 Braunes Bergschaf are medium-sized with a slender, hornless head, and a Roman nose profile. Their ears are long, broad, and hanging. They have strong legs with hard hoofs. They are extremely hardy and show no fear of heights. Non- seasonal breeding is possible three times in two years, and twins are the norm.

Braunes Bergschaf  - Sheep Breeds

About Brecknock Hill Cheviot SheepBrecknock Hill Cheviot


Brecknock Hill Cheviot sheep were developed from Scottish Cheviot sheep that were introduced to Wales in the 1850's. They are known for their longevity.

They have a white face and legs. Their ears are erect with no ruff of wool behind them. They have no wool on their face or on their legs below their knees or hock. They have broad, strong backs. The rams are occasionally horned, and ewes are polled. The average mature ewe weighs 60kg and rams weigh 90kg. Ewes and usually rams are polled. 

Brecknock Hill Cheviot  - Sheep Breeds

About Brentegana Scelta  SheepBrentegana Scelta


Brentagana Scelta are large white sheep raised for wool and meat. They are an Italian breed and belong to the Alpine group. They are known for their adaptation to the local marginal conditions.

Content and photo source: agraia.org.

Brentegana Scelta   - Sheep Breeds

About Brianzola SheepBrianzola


Brianzola are large white sheep related to the giant Alpine meat sheep coming from Ovis aries sudanica of Sanson. They come from Brianza, Italy, a territory including the provinces of Como, Lecco and Monza (Lombardia). They are raised for meat.


Brianzola are large white sheep related to the giant Alpine meat sheep coming from Ovis aries sudanica of Sanson. They come from Brianza, Italy, a territory including the provinces of Como, Lecco and Monza (Lombardia). They are raised for meat.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Brianzola  - Sheep Breeds

About Brigasca SheepBrigasca


Brigasca sheep are a local breed whose name is linked to the border territory between Liguria, Piedmont and Provence. They are descended from the Frabosana breed and likely crossbred with Langhe sheep. The Brigasca is a rustic animal, perfectly adapted to the traditional rearing system of a minimum of six months in alpine pastures.

Brigasca sheep are used for milk and meat. Their milk is used to produce three different kinds of cheese: Sora, Toma, and Brus. All are made with techniques and tools bound to the ancient tradition of transhumance.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Brigasca  - Sheep Breeds

About Brillenschaf SheepBrillenschaf


Brillenschaf sheep are from Carinthia, Austria. They are a member of the Alpine Mountain Sheep Breeds. They are named for their eyeglass marks around their eyes, under the eyes, and on their ears. They are a cross between the Landschaf, Bergamasca, and Paduaner Schaf sheep.

They are hardy and frugal; they can cope with high precipitation and are experts in climbing, therefore they are used for grazing high alpine areas which are inaccessible to cows.

They are endangered and since 1938, they have almost completely died out.

Brillenschaf  - Sheep Breeds

About British Milk SheepBritish Milk


British Milk sheep are medium to large polled sheep with a predominantly white face and legs. Their head is usually free from wool, the muzzle broad and the ears long. The ewe is naturally prolific and is noted for its quiet temperament which is important in the management of high performance sheep. The conformation of the ewe, particularly the roomy pelvic area, ensures that lambing is easy. The rams have a long body and good hindquarters. They are robust and active being keen and vigorous workers all through the year. Average mature ewe weighs 80kg, rams 110kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

British Milk  - Sheep Breeds

About Brogna SheepBrogna


Bragna sheep have white coats and rosy skin. They are used mainly for meat, but also for milk. They are an autochthonous breed of uncertain origin. They are mainly reared in the province of Verona (Veneto), particularly in Lessinia, Italy.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Brogna  - Sheep Breeds

About Brown Headed Meat SheepBrown Headed Meat


Brown Headed Meat, or Braunkopfiges Fleischschaf, are one of the four predominant sheep breeds in Switzerland. They are the heaviest breed. They were developed by crossing Oxfords from England and German Blackheaded Mutton sheep onto landrace sheep.

The breed is seasonal, lambing once per year, usually in the winter, averaging 1.7 lambs.

Brown Headed Meat  - Sheep Breeds

About Bundner Oberland SheepBundner Oberland


Image: Oklahoma State University Bundner Oberland (also known as Bunder Oberlanderschaf, Grisons, or Graubunden) sheep are from Switzerland.

They are found in white, brown, or silver-grey. Their head is slender and bare. Rams have substantial horns while ewes have small horns or are polled (hornless). Both sexes display rather primitive behavior. Multiple births are common. When mature, rams weigh on average 72 kg (159 lb) and ewes 50 kg (110 lb). After reaching maturity, rams grow to 72 cm (28 in) and ewes 68 cm (27 in) at the withers.

In 2007, there were less than 1,100 but their population is increasing and are used primarily for vegetation management.

Bundner Oberland  - Sheep Breeds

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About Calabrese SheepCalabrese


Calabrese, also known as Sciara or Moscia Calabrese, sheep are an autochthonous breed from the provinces of Cosenza and Catanzaro (Calabria), reared in the high hills on poor steep grazing land. They belong to the group with soft hanging woolly coat but it is smaller than Altamurana and Leccese breeds.

They have white coats and are raised for milk.

Content and photo source: agraria.org.

Calabrese  - Sheep Breeds

About California Red SheepCalifornia Red


California Red are medium-wool meat and wool sheep developed in 1970. They are a cross between Barbados and Tunis sheep.

Mature rams weigh 225 to 250 pounds and ewes range from 130 to 150 pounds. Both sexes are naturally hornless. Lambs are born a solid rust or cinnamon red color, a color that is retained as they mature.

At maturity, their fleeces turn a beige or oatmeal color. Their legs and faces are free of wool with long pendulous ears. Their wool is silky in texture and has found a specialty market with hand-spinners and weavers. They breed all year-round.


California Red  - Sheep Breeds

About California Variegated Mutant SheepCalifornia Variegated Mutant


California Variegated Mutant Sheep, or simply C.V.M. Sheep, are the result of many crossbreeding started in 1915. 


In 1915 A.T. Spencer developed the Romeldale breed. He purchased several New Zealand Romney Rams in 1915 that were brought to the Pan-American exposition in San Francisco. He felt the Romney breed would increase the staple, length, and carcass quality of his Rambouillets. Through many years of selection, the Romeldale breed was developed, with fleece properties of 60-64's, extremely high yield, and uniformity, including carcass cutability superior to other white-face breeds. 


During the 1960's, Glen Eidman, a partner of J.K. Sexton, found in his purebred Romeldale flock a mult ...

California Variegated Mutant  - Sheep Breeds

About Cambridge SheepCambridge


Cambridge Sheep are a very prolific breed that has particular value in crossbreeding. The Cambridge is a dark faced medium size sheep. The mature weight of rams and ewes is 100 kg and 67 kg respectively. They are long lived with excellent teeth and are hardy and resilient to environmental extremes. Ewes lambs easily, are good mothers and the incidence of mastitis is low. The breed’s high prolificacy means that it can be mated with a variety of other breeds and crossbreeds to produce, high performance commercial ewes.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Cambridge  - Sheep Breeds

About Cameroon SheepCameroon


Cameroon are hair sheep from West Africa. Instead of wool, they carry a hair coat that in the autumn forms an additional undercoat, which is shed after winter. Cameroon sheep do not require shearing.

Cameroon sheep are very prolific and reach puberty very early. They are aseasonal and can produce two lamb crops per year. They are a resistant, problem-free sheep. Their most common color is brown with a black belly, head, and legs.

Cameroon  - Sheep Breeds

About Campbell Island  SheepCampbell Island


The first sheep were landed on sub Antarctic Campbell Island (over 600 kilometers south of the New Zealand mainland) in 1895 after a grazing lease had been taken up. Two thousand more were introduced in 1901, and a further thousand in 1902. Both of the first introductions are known to have been Merinos, but the last was of an unknown breed - at least some must have been longwools such as Lincolns or Leicesters.

As a result, the Campbell Island sheep are one of the few feral breeds known to have anything other than Merino blood; they range from quarter- to half-bred Merino-longwool crosses. Campbell Island sheep do not have the high proportion of colored animals that occur in some feral flocks.

When farming was ...

Campbell Island   - Sheep Breeds

About Canadian ARCOTT SheepCanadian ARCOTT


Image: The canadian Co-Operative Wool Growers Limited (http://www.wool.ca) Canadian Arcott sheep are raised primarily for meat. As the name suggests, they were developed in Canada. And the later half of their name, ARCOTT, is an acronym for the Animal Research Center in Ottawa. They were developed from crossbreeding Romnelet (6%), North Country Cheviot (7%), Leicester (14%), Ile de France (28%) and Suffolk (37%) sheep. The remaining 8 percent was contributed from Shropshire, Lincoln, Corriedale, East Friesian, Finnsheep, and Southdown Dorset.

They are medium to large sized hardy sheep, and are well adapted to their native climates. They are able to adapt to pasture or confinement systems easily. The lambs grow relatively fast and produce excellent carcass meat and reach a market weight of 37 kg at ...

Canadian ARCOTT  - Sheep Breeds

About Castlemilk Moorit SheepCastlemilk Moorit


Castlemilk Morrit Sheep were developed during the the early years of the 20th century. The late Sir Jock Buchanan-Jardine began a breeding program on his Castlemilk Estate in Dumfriesshire. Using Manx Loghtan, moorit Shetland, and wild Mouflon, he developed a breed to beautify his parkland and provide fine, kemp-free moorit colored wool. On the death of Sir John Buchanan-Jardine the flock was dispersed in 1970, and six ewes and a ram were bought by Joe Henson at the Cotswold Farm Park.

All of today's Castlemilk Moorits are descended from these few sheep. The Castlemilk Moorit is one of the larger primitive-type breeds, with mature ewes weighing in the region of 40 kgs. (85 lbs.) and rams 55 kgs. (120 lbs.) The ewes exhibit t ...

Castlemilk Moorit  - Sheep Breeds

About Charmoise SheepCharmoise


Charmoise sheep are polled white faced and white legged sheep with a deep body coated in a tight fleece of good quality. It has the most excellent conformation with short neck well-muscled loins and strong gigots. It is light of bone and very alert and lively from birth. Average mature ewe weighs 65-70kg, rams 80-90kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Charmoise  - Sheep Breeds

About Charollais SheepCharollais


Charollais Sheep are a medium to large sized sheep. They are long and well-muscled with thick, deep gigots. The body is long with a well-muscled broad loin and wide deep chest. The head is free from wool, pinkish/grey in color sometimes with spots. The line of the shoulders should retain a wedge shape which is so important for ease of lambing. The legs are clean, quite short, colored but never very dark. The front legs should not be set too wide apart and animal must be well balanced. The gigots are well developed, thick and deep. The breed is primarily a terminal sire and the fleshing quality is of the highest importance. Excessive bone is undesirable in the breed; the fineness of bone contributes to the high killing out percentag ...

Charollais  - Sheep Breeds

About Chatham Island SheepChatham Island


Near the southwest corner of the main island of the Chatham group, NZ, is a small flock of feral sheep which appear to have certain Merino characteristics, and thus may predate the Island's change to longwool breeds.


It is believed that Chatham Island ferals have been living wild for almost a hundred years, and it is possible that they originated from some Saxon Merinos that were taken to South East Island (another of the Chatham group) in 1841.


The most noticeable difference between these and the feral sheep of Pitt Island is that the Chatham ferals are mostly white-woolled, whereas those on Pitt are mostly colored.


Content and Photo Source: New Zealand Rare Breeds (


Chatham Island  - Sheep Breeds

About Cheviot SheepCheviot


Cheviot Sheep are white-faced Hill sheep from the Scottish Borders. The ewe has fine hard white hair on her face over the crown and on her legs which should have a fine, flat quality bone. The fleece should be dense and firm with no kemp or colored hair. The rams can have horns.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Cheviot  - Sheep Breeds

About Chios SheepChios


Chios are semi-fat-tailed milk Mediterranean sheep. Like many breeds, the exact origin of the Chios is unknown. Some sources suggest it is the result of crossbreeding between local sheep of the island of Chios (Greece) and breeds from Anatolia (Turkey). The Chios is typically white with black, occasionally brown, spots around the eyes, and on the ears, nose, belly and legs. The entire head is often black.

Female conformation is typically dairy. Milk production for the breed varies from 265 to 660 pounds (120-300 kg) of milk per location depending on management and husbandry conditions. The highest production recorded is 1,317 pounds (597.4 kg) during a 272 day lactation.

Chios  - Sheep Breeds

About Cholistani SheepCholistani


Cholistani sheep are from Pakistan. Though they grow wool, they are raised primarily for meat.  

They have a black to brown head and ears with a white body. They have stubby, small ears and a long tail.  

Mature rams weigh 48.5 kg (107 lb) and ewes weigh 34 kg (75 lb). Their average height at the withers of mature rams is 75 cm (30 in) and ewes is 66 cm (26 in). At birth and on average, rams weigh 3.5 kg (7.7 lb) and ewes weigh 3.0 kg (6.6 lb).  

Ewes have an average litter size of 1.05 lambs. During an average lactation cycle of 110 days, ewes produce 45 kg (99 lb) of milk.  

From 1986 to 1996, the world population of the Cholistani decreased from 275,964 to ...

Cholistani  - Sheep Breeds

About Churra SheepChurra


Churra sheep are raised in Castile and Leon in northwestern Spain. They are used for milk production. They are breed of great hardiness, well suited to the continental climate with long, severe winters, very short springs, and hot dry summers.

Zamorano cheese is a classic Spanish sheep's milk cheese. It is made with full cream milk, coming mainly from the Churra sheep. Navajo Churro sheep descend from the Spanish Churra.

Churra  - Sheep Breeds

About Ciavenasca SheepCiavenasca


Ciavenasca are a meat sheep with white wool. They are indigenous to Sondrio Province (Val Chiavenna), Lombardy Region, northern Italy.

Content and photo source: agraia.org.

Ciavenasca  - Sheep Breeds

About Cikta SheepCikta


Cikta sheep were brought to Hungary, in the 18th century, by German settlers. While they grow wool they are primarily raised for meat. They belong to the Mountain Group of sheep breeds.

They are white (unicolored). The rams have horns and the ewes are polled (hornless), and their ears are erect. Typically, their horns are small or knob-like.

At maturity, rams weigh 37 kg (82 lb) and ewes weigh 45 kg (99 lb). At the withers, rams grow to 55 cm (22 in) and ewes to 47 cm (19 in). Ewes have an average 1.1 lambs per litter.

Cikta  - Sheep Breeds

About Cine Capari SheepCine Capari


Cine Capari sheep originated from the Aydin Province in Turkey. They are a fat-tail breed. Generally they are white but occasionally they have light brown to dark black spots on their feet and belly. The ewes weigh 38 kg (84 lb) on average at maturity.  

In 1998, there were 300 Cine Capari and the population was decreasing. The decline in population has been due to local farmers crossing this breed with the Chios for the purpose of creating a more prolific offspring.


Cine Capari  - Sheep Breeds

About Ciuta SheepCiuta


Ciuta Sheep are white Italian mountain sheep bred for meat. Unfortunately they are most likely extinct.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org



Ciuta  - Sheep Breeds

About Clarence Reserve Sheep SheepClarence Reserve Sheep


Clarence Reserve Sheep are little-known sheep that originated from a feral flock living in Clarence Reserve, Marlborough, NZ. They are almost certainly of Merino origin - descended from escaped sheep brought into the area in the early period of European settlement. Clarence Reserve Sheep have clean faces and bellies and are largely dag free. Such features are typical of sheep which have evolved a resistance to flystrike. The rams have wideset horns. Nearly all of them are white, which is unusual in long-established feral flocks. They tend to be "secretive" in their behavior and will often keep to themselves when placed amongst commercial breeds of sheep. The fleece is fine but not very heavy.

Content and Photo Source ...

Clarence Reserve Sheep  - Sheep Breeds

About Clun Forest SheepClun Forest


Clun Forest Sheep are a very adaptable breed, living equally happily in the down lands of the South of England or the hills of Wales and Scotland. They have a low mortality rate and are highly resistant to disease. They have an alert appearance with a clean open dark-brown face, with a characteristic covering of wool on the top of the head and ears that are carried high and forward. The body has a strong muscular neck carried high from fine shoulders, lengthy good back, deep rib, strong loin, good hock and a deep and well-rounded rear. Clun ewes are protective and productive mothers. Longevity is a strong point of this breed. The Clun ewes are used for either the production of cross bred ewes. Pure Clun lambs are highly prized ...

Clun Forest  - Sheep Breeds

About Coburger Fuchsschaf SheepCoburger Fuchsschaf


Coburger Fuchsschaf are a breed of landrace sheep that were almost extinct.

In the 19th century Coburger Fuchsschaf populated the European hilly ranges abundantly. These red fox-colored sheep could be found under names that indicated their color or living area, such as Golden Fox, Eisfelder Fox Sheep, Eifeler Sheep, Ardenais Solognotes, or Rousse Tetes. In the beginning of the 20th century, 60% of the sheep in the German Coburg area were Coburger Fuchsschaf with the red fox-colored heads, but by World War II they were nearly extinct.

It took Otto Stritzel, a breeder and weaver from Bavaria to publicize the favorable characteristics of the Fuchsschaf, which laid the foundation for its continued existence. The Cobur ...

Coburger Fuchsschaf  - Sheep Breeds

About Columbia SheepColumbia


Columbia sheep were one of the first sheep to originate in the United States. They are the result USDA and university research. Development began in 1912 in Laramie, Wyoming. Lincoln rams were crossed with Rambouillet ewes. In 1918, the foundation flock was moved to the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station near Dubois, Idaho, for further refinement.  

Though originally bred for range conditions, the Columbias have found widespread acceptance throughout the United States and are used increasingly to sire crossbred market lambs. Columbias are one of the larger-sized breeds. Rams weigh between 225 and 300 lbs (100-135 kg) and females weigh between 150 and 225 lbs. (68-102 kg).  

Columbia sheep p ...

Columbia  - Sheep Breeds

About Comeback SheepComeback


Comeback sheep originated in Australia. They were first developed by crossing a British long-wool cross back to a Merino sheep. But more recently, the type has been produced by crossing some popular sheep breeds such as Corriedale and Polwarth with Merino. The main aim of the cross was to develop a finer, better style of wool. Wool of the Comeback sheep style is also produced by Cormo, Bond, and Polwarth sheep. And these breeds may prove easier to breed than the Comebacks.

Today, Australia has approximately three million comeback sheep mainly in cool wet areas. They are raised as a dual-purpose sheep for producing both meat and wool.

They are very strong and hardy. They are well adapted to the high rainfall ...

Comeback  - Sheep Breeds

About Comisana SheepComisana


Comisana sheep are milk sheep from southeastern Sicily. They were developed from Maltese and Sicilian sheep in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Today, they are raised in Sicily, Southern and Central Italy, Piedmont and Lombardy.

They are white with a reddish-brown face. They have course to medium wool, semi-lop ears, and are polled.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Comisana  - Sheep Breeds

About Coolalee SheepCoolalee


Coolalee sheep are Australian short wool, meat sheep breed, developed from an eight-year breeding program commenced in 1968. The breed resulted from the crossing of the Wiltshire Horn, Suffolk, Hampshire Down, Poll Dorset, Lincoln and English Leicester sheep.  

The first Coolalee rams became commercially available in 1983. These rams are used as terminal sires for prime lamb production.  

Coolalee sheep have shown considerable promise as an independent central progeny testing system for prime lambs. The system is designed to identify outstanding meat sheep sires and their ability to sire elite lamb with a carcass weight of more than 22 kg and a fat score of 2-3. The testing also showed s ...

Coolalee  - Sheep Breeds

About Coopworth SheepCoopworth


Coopworth are medium sized, dual-purpose, white faced sheep with an alert but quiet disposition. They were developed in New Zealand in the 1960's from Border Leicester and Romney crosses, and was first imported into the United States during the late 1970's. Today they are one of the most dominant breeds in New Zealand.

They are a highly productive sheep, and are popular for easy care lambing, prolificacy, and good mothering ability. Coopworth wool is relatively coarse and long and is popular with hand spinners.

Coopworth  - Sheep Breeds

About Cormo SheepCormo


<a href='http://www.livestockofamerica.com/Ranches/Ranchhome.asp?CurrentPeopleID=1921' class = 'body' target='_blank'>Photo: Moonglow farm</a>

The Cormo Sheep was developed in Tasmania by I.K. Downie.Mr. Downie crossed Corriedale Rams with 1200 carefully selected superfine Saxon Merino Ewes.

The original selection criteria included: high, clean fleece weight; fiber diameter of 17-23; fast body growth rate and a high rate of fertility.  The result- 1/4 Lincoln, 1/4 Australian Merino, and 1/2 superfine Saxon Merino.


Cormo wool is fast becoming one of the best wool producing breeds in the sheep industry today.


Cormo selling points do not end with their wool quality.

Cormo are considered easy keepers; they are somewhat smaller than many breeds and therefore require 40% less feed then larger breeds.

...


Cormo  - Sheep Breeds

About Cornella SheepCornella


Cornella, also known as Cornella White or Cornella Bianca dell'Emilia Romagna, sheep are a common breed from the Bologna Province, Emilia Romagna Region, Northern Italy.

They are white sheep used for milk and meat and are well suited to the hills and plains of Northern Italy.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Cornella  - Sheep Breeds

About Cornigliese SheepCornigliese


Cornigliese sheep are descended from Vissana sheep with some Merino and Bergamasca blood. They are from Corniglio, Emilia Region, Italy. They are white with dark spots on face and legs. They are bred for meat, milk, and wool but mainly for meat.

Content and photo source: agrarian.org.

Cornigliese  - Sheep Breeds

About Corriedale SheepCorriedale


Corriedale sheep were developed in New Zealand and Australia during the late 1800s' by crossing Lincoln or Leicester rams with Merino females. The breeds is now widely found worldwide and are the most common breed of sheep in South America and are widely used throughout Asia, North America, and South Africa. They are, perhaps, the second most populous breed of sheep in the world, after Merinos.

Corriedale sheep are a dual-purpose sheep. They are large-framed, polled, and have good carcass quality. Although they traditionally have been used to produce premium lambs when mated to sires of meat breeds, they are now achieving comparative performance rates with purebred lambs.

Corriedales produce bulky, high-yielding wool ranging ...

Corriedale  - Sheep Breeds

About Corteno SheepCorteno


Corteno, or Pecora di Corteno, sheep belong to the Alpine group of sheep. They are medium-sized white Italian sheep and bread for meat.

Content and photo sheep; Agraria.org.

Corteno  - Sheep Breeds

About Cotswold SheepCotswold


Cotswold Sheep are a large, polled, longwool breed. The head is carried well up, the back long, ribs well sprung, the frame and legs strong, giving an overall imposing appearance. The head has a pronounced forelock of wool and a white face, with dark skin on the nose. The high quality wool is white, lustrous and long-stapled. Average mature ewe weighs 85kg, rams 140kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Cotswold  - Sheep Breeds

About Criollo SheepCriollo


Criollo sheep are the highlands of Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Bolivia, Peru, Venezuela and Guatemala over hundreds of years. They are known by some other names such as Venezuelan, Uruguayan, Tarhumara, Colombian, Lucero, Creole, Chilludo, and Pamba. Spanish settlers brought the Churra with them in the mid sixteenth Century. The Churra is believed to be the ancestor of the modern day Criollo sheep. Today, they are raised mainly for meat production.  

They are relatively small sheep and they are generally black and also white or pied. They have a coarse fleece of carpet-type wool. The rams on average weight around 32.8 kg at maturity. And average live body weight of the mature ewes is about 26.1 kg.

Criollo  - Sheep Breeds

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About Daglic SheepDaglic


Daglic sheep are mainly found in Western Anatolia in Turkey. Some believe they originated the Kamakuyruk and Chios sheep breeds. They are short-fat tailed sheep breeds and are a dual-purpose animal: they are raised for both meat and milk production.

They are small uni-colored sheep with a white body and black spots on their head and legs. They have a short-fat tail. The ewes are always polled, but the rams are generally horned. The average body height of ewes are around 24 inches or 60 cm, and the rams are slightly larger than the ewes.

Daglic  - Sheep Breeds

About Dala Fur SheepDala Fur


Dala Fur, known as Dala palsfar, sheep originated in Sweden and are one of several sheep breeds that are remnants of the old Swedish landrace breed. They are a Northern European short-tailed sheep breed.  

Dala Fur sheep are short but very hardy. They are used for both meat and wool production. The wool is very curly and finer than most other Swedish sheep breeds. The lambs were traditionally slaughtered at 2 months and 10 days of age to be used for the costumes. The white fleece was preferred because of this use, and still today most of the Dala Fur sheep are white. Along with wool production, the breed is also very good for quality meat production.

Today, it’s pretty rare. There were only 160 heads in 2 ...

Dala Fur  - Sheep Breeds

About Dalesbred SheepDalesbred


Dalesbred sheep are found in the Upper Wharfdale and Central Pennines in England. They were developed from the Swaledale and Scottish Blackface breeds.

Dalesbred are a hill sheep with a black face and distinctive white marks on each side of their nostrils with their nose-end becoming grey. Their legs also have clear black and white markings. The average mature ewe weighs up to 45-60kg, rams 55-75kg (depending on environment). Dalesbred wool is typically of carpet quality. Their fleece is curly on the outside with a dense undercoat.

Dalesbred sheep are very adaptable to climatic changes and can survive in the harsh environmental conditions. Dalesbred ewes are often crossed with Teeswater rams to produce the M ...

Dalesbred  - Sheep Breeds

About Damani SheepDamani


Damani sheep are a dual-purpose (meat and wool) sheep from Pakistan. They are mainly found in the Dera Ismail Khan district and part of the Bannu district in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Damani are small to medium sized, strong, and well adapted to their local environments. They are generally with white with a black or tan colored head and camel-colored legs. Their ears are small, and the udder and teats of the ewes are well developed. The average body height of the mature rams is around 61 cm at the withers, and around 53 cm for the ewes.

They yield is about 1.5 kg of coarse fiber, per year. The rams on average weight around 2.7 kg at birth, and the ewes around 2.5 kg; with an average ...

Damani  - Sheep Breeds

About Damara SheepDamara


Although there are claims that the Damara breed of sheep originated in Egypt as long ago as 3000 BC, its recognition as a named breed is more realistically dated to the early twentieth century. In 1904, this long-legged sheep breed was seen by German explorers in the northern region of Namibia, which was then called Gross Damaland – hence it became known as the Damara Sheep. At one time, local farmers who used copper in their traditional attire, exchanged Damara Sheep for copper wire and for horses.

In 1954, many Damara Sheep were confiscated from commercial farmers who were smuggling sheep through the “Veterinary Cordon Fence”, which was erected to separate disease-free areas of southern Namibia from those of the n ...

Damara  - Sheep Breeds

About Danish Landrace SheepDanish Landrace


Danish Landrace (also known as dansk landfar or klitfar ) sheep are native to Jutland in Denmark. They were developed from the Merino and Heath sheep, with early specimen interbreeding in the nineteenth century with Leicester and Oxford Down sheep.

They are medium sized and are generally white with a gray head. They are mostly polled, with only around 10 percent horned rams. They are double-coated and long tailed. Generally their tail is spotted brown, but they are predominantly white.  

The average height of the mature Danish Landrace rams are around 75 cm at the wither, and around 70 cm for the ewes. The average live body weight of the mature ewes is between 50 and 65 kg. And the average live body w ...

Danish Landrace  - Sheep Breeds

About Debouillet SheepDebouillet


Debouillet sheep were developed in New Mexico in 1920 from Delaine Merino and Rambouillet sheep. They are well adapted to the range conditions of the southwestern United States. They are a medium-sized sheep with white hair on their face and legs.

They are hardy and gregarious and adaptable to unassisted pasture lambing. They produce a fine wool fleece with a deep, close crimp.

Debouillet  - Sheep Breeds

About Decanni SheepDecanni


Decanni are small dual-purpose sheep (meet and wool). Their wool is black or ash and separated and grained. They produce about 0.5 kg wool per year.

Decanni  - Sheep Breeds

About Delaine Merino SheepDelaine Merino


Several strains of Merinos evolved in the United States. The type "A" Merino was developed in Vermont through selection and inbreeding. This Merino carries a very heavy, wrinkly hide. In form, the type A is angular and has little carcass value. It is not advocated for commercial lamb and wool production. The "B" type Merino was developed principally in Ohio, a result of breeders selecting for a heavy fleece on a sheep that has a fair mutton form.

Its body is fairly free of wrinkles, but it carries heavy neck folds and frequently wrinkles or heavy folds behind the shoulders and on the thighs and rear flanks. The type B is larger and better adapted to everyday conditions than the type A. The type "C" or Delaine Merino is the ...

Delaine Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About Derbyshire Gritstone SheepDerbyshire Gritstone


Derbyshire Sheep have a clean cut black and white marked face and legs clear of wool. They are polled in both sexes. The Derbyshire Gritstone is a handsome sheep of aristocratic lineage, big, flat bones, strong and alert.


Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association



Derbyshire Gritstone  - Sheep Breeds

About Desert Sand Sheep SheepDesert Sand Sheep


Desert Sand are hybrid sheep created in Texas, USA around 1900 with Mouflon Sheep influence in their ancestry. Desert Sand Sheep are a naturally shedding, and are generally light to dark shades of champagne, cinnamon or copper colored. All rams must have horns, and the ewes are allowed to have horns although most ewes are polled. According to the United Horned Hair Sheep Association, "The Corsican Group of Sheep (Painted Desert, Texas Dall, Black Hawaiian, American Blackbelly, Desert Sand, and sheep referred to as Corsicans) are actually the result of initial crosses decades ago between the shedding, European Mouflon Sheep (Ovis orientalis musimon, native to Corsica and Sardinia) with a wide range of more well known "wool" breeds of ...

Desert Sand Sheep  - Sheep Breeds

About Devon Closewool SheepDevon Closewool


Devon Closewool Sheep are a medium sized, white faced, hornless sheep with a dense white fleece of medium length and staple which contributes to its valued quality of hardiness. Average mature ewe weighs 55-60kg, rams 90kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Devon Closewool  - Sheep Breeds

About Devon Longwoolled SheepDevon Longwoolled


Devon Longwooled Sheep have a well-covered Head with long curly wool. Both sexes are polled. The body is covered in long curly, white wool. Well-proportioned with a strong wide and long top, with well sprung rib giving plenty of volume. The rear being well muscled with good conformation. Average mature ewe weighs 100kg, rams 136kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Devon Longwoolled  - Sheep Breeds

About Diggers Hill SheepDiggers Hill


Diggers Hill sheep are named after the locality in western Southland, NZ, evolved in a feral state. They have, somewhat confusingly, also been referred to as Takitimu, Dean Forest, and  Fiordlander, but the term Diggers Hill is preferred and used here.

They appear to be basically of Merino origin, but are distinct enough to be a recognizable breed, although there is some variation in type. They are also typical of New Zealand feral sheep - small body weight, less hair on the extremities, single lambing, and a tendency to shed their fine but chalky fleece.

These sheep have never been shorn (as they shed their wool) or treated with conventional animal health treatments. They are only handled to shift paddoc ...

Diggers Hill  - Sheep Breeds

About Dohne Merino SheepDohne Merino


Image: <a href=http://www.dohnemerino.org class = body target = _blank>www.dohnemerino.org</a> Dohne Merino are a synthetic, dual-purpose Merino developed by the South African Department of Agriculture using Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino sires. The progeny were interbred and selected for high-fertility, rapid lamb growth rate, and fine Merino wool under commercial rangeland conditions.

The breeding program was initiated in 1939 and the Breed Society was formed in 1966. Selection since 1970 has been done with the aid of performance and progeny testing and comprehensive production records. All recorded animals are maintained in a computerized flock recording scheme. The Dohne Merino is one of the leading woolled breeds in South Africa.

Dohne Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About Dormer SheepDormer


Dormer sheep are a cross between Dorset Horn rams and German Merino ewes (presently known as the South African Mutton Merino). They were developed through a series of extensive slaughter lamb experiments carried out at the Elsenburg Research Station of the Department of Agriculture since 1927 over a period of more than ten years. The name Dormer is shortening of the name Dorset-Merino.

The main object with the development of the Dormer was to breed a mutton breed which could adapt to conditions in the winter rainfall area of South Africa (cold and wet) and from which suitable rams could be produced for cross breeding purposes. The Dormer is well known for its high fertility, excellent mothering abilities, long breeding seaso ...

Dormer  - Sheep Breeds

About Dorper SheepDorper


Dorper Sheep appear white but they are actually genetically a black sheep with a huge white spot covering its entire body except for the very striking black head (black headed Dorper). The Dorper is a quality meat sheep with all its easy care attributes highly developed like no other breed in the world. The White Dorper has the same breed standards as the Dorper (Black headed) except where color and markings are described. The White Dorper still has all the same labor saving qualities as the Dorper together with a great carcass. But as its name implies the White Dorper is genetically a white sheep therefore all its progeny should be white except when mated to a black sheep.

Content and Photo Source: Nationa ...

Dorper  - Sheep Breeds

About Dorset SheepDorset


Dorset ewes are of medium size and are naturally prolific; skin color is pink whilst the face, legs and ears are white. Rams show a bold masculine appearance and also carry good fleshing throughout. The wool of both the Horn and Poll is of the highest quality, not only is it fine and densely grown but is particularly white which helps it find a ready market in times of plenty. Average mature ewe weighs 85kg, rams 120kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Dorset  - Sheep Breeds

About Dorset Down SheepDorset Down


Dorset Down Sheep are active, medium sized short-woolled sheep. They have strong legs that support a deep chested, long sheep with well fleshed hindquarters and fine wool.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association



Dorset Down  - Sheep Breeds

About Drysdale SheepDrysdale


Drysdale sheep area a dual-purpose breed whose wool is used mainly for carpet manufacturing. They carry the dominant Nd gene, a mutation which occurs in the Romney breed. The Nd gene causes a high abundance of course, very hairy fibers, called halo-hairs.

The wool of the Drysdale is without crimp, highly medullated, with a fiber diameter of 40 microns. It is known for its whiteness and dyeing versatility. The Drysdale is found in most environments throughout New Zealand. They are sheared twice a year.

Drysdale  - Sheep Breeds

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About East Friesian SheepEast Friesian


The East Friesian breed originated in the Friesland area in the north of Holland and Germany. In Europe it has been used either purely as a milking breed - it is considered to be the world's highest producing dairy sheep - though it is often crossed with other breeds to improve fecundity and milk production in breeds that are bred for their meat or for their milk production. The East Friesian is described as a large-framed, high-fertility breed with a pink nose and a thin tail.

Some breeders refer to their very quiet temperament and docile nature, though it is not clear whether this is more pronounced than other sheep that have close contact with humans.

The New Zealand Sheep Breeders' Association reports that ...

East Friesian  - Sheep Breeds

About Easycare SheepEasycare


Easy Care Sheep are a revolutionary breed of sheep which requires minimal shepherding and veterinary care, sheds its wool in the summer, does not need shearing and yet offers excellent meat yields and lambing ratios. The breed is now well established in Britain and abroad and is proving extremely popular and successful with breeders in today's farming environment. 


The guiding principle behind Easy Care is straightforward. Centuries ago, sheep didn't naturally have huge fleeces, merely a winter coat which was shed in springtime, as with most wild animals. However, man began to breed sheep for wool because of its value. In recent times, the value of wool has fallen so dramatically that its production is uneconom ...

Easycare  - Sheep Breeds

About Elliottdale SheepElliottdale


Elliottdale are a dual-purpose (meat and wool) sheep developed at the Elliott Research Station in Tasmania during the 1970s. They were commercialized in 1986, which helped established the Australian Carpet Wool Industry. The effect of the EI gene (Elliottdale) is similar to the Drysdale, Tukidale, and Carpetmaster genes in the Romney breed, and are at a different locus on the chromozone. Today, the Elliottdale sheep breed is rare and is at serious risk of extinction with very little breeding animals left.

They are medium-sized uni-colored white sheep. They produce good quality fleece, and their wool has a fiber diameter of 38-40 microns. The ewes are always polled, but the rams can be either horned or polled. The average ...

Elliottdale  - Sheep Breeds

About English Leicester SheepEnglish Leicester


English Leicester (also known as Bakewell Leicester, New Leicester, Dishley Leicester, Leicester Longwool, Improved Leicester, and simply as Leicester) sheep were developed by the eighteenth century breeding innovator Robert Bakewell.

At first they were pretty slow-growing and closely boned. But over time they have been developed to gain weight quickly and grow very fast. In 1826 they were one of the first pure sheep breeds introduced to Australia. They have been used for improving may other sheep breeds, mainly because of their meaty carcass and heavy fleece.

They are large sheep. Their face is usually of a wedge shape and covered in white hairs, often with a blue tinge). Their lips and nostrils ...

English Leicester  - Sheep Breeds

About Epynt Hardy Speckled SheepEpynt Hardy Speckled


Epynt Hardy Speckled Sheep are a commercial; easy-care breed with the primary purpose is to perform well in a mountainous environment year round with limited supplementary feeding. They are a long living, good mouthing sheep producing lambs which are easy to finish. They are a heavy boned hill sheep which is stocky and sturdy in stature with a speckled face and legs, of grey brown or black clean of wool. The ewes are polled and the rams usually horned. Their attributes include a strong hefting ability, excellent mothering ability and being a good breed for crossing. Average mature ewe weighs 40-50kgs, rams 60-70kgs.


Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association



Epynt Hardy Speckled  - Sheep Breeds

About Est a Laine Merino SheepEst a Laine Merino


At the end of the 18th century, Merino blood was introduced into German sheep in the borders with France, and gradually these large meat Merinos were kept in large numbers in the Alsace Lorraine region of France. This breed became known as the Est a Laine, which translated means East and Wool.

Est a Laine Merinos are an attractive, strong, large-framed sheep with very fine white wool. Their head is long, white in color, with long, drooping ears. Their sheep is naturally polled (no horns), unlike the original Merinos. Their necks have no folds or dewlap, making them easier to shear.


Est a Laine Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About Estonian Ruhnu SheepEstonian Ruhnu


Estonian Ruhnu (also known as Eesti Maalammas) sheep were found on the small Estonian island of Ruhnu in the Gulf of Riga in the Baltic Sea. They are thought to have developed from sheep left on Ruhnu island by Swedish-speaking inhabitants who settled on the island in the fourteenth century.

Their total population was documented as 300 in 1944. Currently they are rare, and their total population is around 30 animals. They are a dual-purpose animal were originally raised for both meat and wool.

They are medium sized sheep and most of them are white or cream colored with grayish head and legs. Some have a distinctive ‘badgerface’ pattern. Most of the rams are polled, and only around 10 percent are horned. All ...

Estonian Ruhnu  - Sheep Breeds

About Exmoor Horn SheepExmoor Horn


Photo Source: National Sheep Association Exmoor Horn Sheep are an ancient dual purpose hill breed which has existed since time immemorial in the west of England, but is well adapted to modern requirements.

They are white faced, with horns, cherry colored skin and a white fleece of medium length and good quality.



Exmoor Horn  - Sheep Breeds

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Fabrianese SheepFabrianese


Fabrianese sheep are medium-large white sheep bred for meat. They are polled and have a Roman nose.

They are found in Ancona Province, Marche Region of Italy. They originated from local Apennine crossed to Bergamasca sheep.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Fabrianese  - Sheep Breeds

About Faroes SheepFaroes


Faroes, or Faeroes, sheep are related to Old Norwegian, Icelandic, and perhaps Shetland breeds. They are not gregarious and tend to be territorial. Faroes forage in small groups, spreading to cover the entire area, behaving somewhat like Icelandic sheep. They are small and well adapted to mountainous terrain. Their color varies from white, grey, light red, dark red, chestnut brown, to black.

However, due to the low price of wool, Faroes sheep are sheared primarily for the comfort of the sheep. Their lambs reach a slaughter weight of 20 to 45 pounds at 5 months of age. A good ewe will weigh about 45 pounds at 6 to 7 years of age. Rams weigh from 45 to 90 pounds. Bone structure is light, but strong. They are seasonal breeders, ...

Faroes  - Sheep Breeds

About Finarda SheepFinarda


Finarda Sheep are large white Italian sheep bred for meat found in the Piedmont and Lombardy Regions. They are a composite of Bergamasca and Biellese sheep.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Finarda  - Sheep Breeds

About Finnsheep SheepFinnsheep


The Finnsheep or Finnish Landrace originating in Finland in northern Europe. They are an active, hardy animal, adaptable to a wide range of conditions. It is most generally used for crossing to increase fertility in a standard flock. It also brings with it resistance to facial eczema.

They are characterized by high fertility (lambing rates frequently exceed 200 percent) and white, lustrous, bulky fleece. Other recognition features are its naturally short tail, its clear, wool-free face, and its pink nose.

Besides its good, fine-wooled fleece, they produce very lean meat.

Content and Photo Source: New Zealand Rare Breeds (www.rarebreeds.co.nz)

Finnsheep  - Sheep Breeds

About Florida Cracker SheepFlorida Cracker


Image: <a href=http://floridacrackersheep.com class = body target=_blank>www.floridacrackersheep.com</a> Florida Crackers are one of the oldest breeds of sheep in North America. It is believed that they were developed from sheep that the Spanish first brought to the southeastern United States in the 1500's. They developed largely through natural selection under humid semitropical range conditions in Florida. Prior to the end of open range in 1949, they were allowed to free range.  

In the middle of the last century, the emphasis on high input agriculture caused the sheep industry to turn to breeds of sheep, which were larger in size and produced more wool and meat. This caused the numbers of Florida Cracker sheep to decline dramatically endangering its very existence. Now, with renewed interest in low-input sustai ...

Florida Cracker  - Sheep Breeds

About Frabosana SheepFrabosana


Frabosana sheep are from the Ligurian Alps, Province of Cuneo (Piedmont Region), Italy. They are medium-sized white, sometimes brown, diary sheep. They are rustic and frugal, with a characteristic snub-nosed profile and flattened horns, spiral-shaped in males and backwards in females.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Frabosana  - Sheep Breeds

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Gaddi SheepGaddi


Gaddi are medium-sized sheep native to India. They are one of the 8 different sheep breeds found in the northern temperate area of India. They are raised mainly for wool production. They are mainly found in Kistwar and Bhadarwah tehsils in Jammu province of Jammu andKashmir, Ramnagar, Udampur and Kullu and the Kangra valleys of Himachal Pradesh and Dehradun. Nainital, Tehri-Garhwal and Chamoli districts of Uttar Pradesh. 

They are generally uncolored and white, although they can be found in mixed tan, black and brown. The rams are horned, and their horns are usually large. But the ewes are usually polled, and are found only 10-15 percent horned. Their tail is small and thin, and their ears are short.  

Gaddi  - Sheep Breeds

About Galician SheepGalician


Galician, or Ovella galega, sheep are from Galicia region of Spain. 

They are small sheep. Their coat is either all white or black. The ewes have smaller horns and those are generally diminutive if they exist at all. While the rams have relatively large horns, in the form of double-spirals. There are two separate ecotypes, Montana, of the 'high areas' as well as Marinano of the 'low areas'.

Their total population has dwindled significantly, but their numbers have improved notably in the last few years. Their total number was 4548 in 2012, across 110 farms. Among those animals, 3862 were ewes and 686 were rams. Today they only exist in smaller, isolated communities throughout the Galicia region. But they ...

Galician  - Sheep Breeds

About Galway SheepGalway


Galway sheep are from Galway, in the west of Ireland. They were developed in the West of Ireland, as a result of the importation of English Longwools from the late 17th century onwards. From the middle of the 18th century Robert Bakewell's Dishley Leicester, also known as the New or Improved Leicester, was exported to Ireland in large numbers, in particular to the estate of Bakewell's associate, Lord Roscommon, and later Lord Sheffield.

The breed which developed was for many years known as the Roscommon, and a Flock Book of Roscommon Long-Wool Sheep was established in 1895, surviving until at least the 1920s. The Roscommon was a large, white-faced polled breed and, though classified as Longwool, did not have the very lon ...

Galway  - Sheep Breeds

About Ganjia SheepGanjia


Ganjia are meat sheep from China (North China; Xiahe, Gansu).

Ganjia  - Sheep Breeds

About Gansu Alpine Fine-wool SheepGansu Alpine Fine-wool


Gansu Alpine Finewool sheep is one of a number of finewool breeds in China related to Xinjiang Finewool, as well as Russian Merino sheep. Gansu Alpine Finewools were initially based on Mongolian and Tibetan ewes and was developed through backcrossing to Merino type, followed by selection.

They were developed in the Huangchen District of Gansu Province, China, which has an altitude of 2,600 to 4,000 m (8,530-13,123 ft), an annual mean temperature of 0 to 3.8C (32-39F), an annual precipitation of 257 to 461 mm, and an average humidity of 35 to 58 percent. The sheep are well adapted to this particular ecological condition. The average weight of grease fleece in ewes is about 4.6 kg (10.1 lbs), and the wool quality is 60-64's (2 ...

Gansu Alpine Fine-wool  - Sheep Breeds

About Garessina SheepGaressina


Garessina, also known as Muma or Garessio, sheep are an Italian transhumant (migrating) meat breed found in southeastern Cuneo Province (Piedmont), mainly in Val Tanaro and Val d'Inferno. They are classified as an Apennine breed, and show traces of Merino and French Alpine ancestry. About 90% of them are slaughter as lambs and about 10% are raised for wool. Very rarely they are raised to make cheese from their milk. On the average, ewes lamb twice in three years.


Unfortunately they are considered endangered.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Garessina  - Sheep Breeds

About Garfagnina White SheepGarfagnina White


Garfagnina white sheep are a composite of different breeds of the Appennine group; Garfagnana, and North-western Toscana. They are small white goats bred for milk and meat and are well adapted to the local environment (hills).

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Garfagnina White  - Sheep Breeds

About Gentile di Puglia SheepGentile di Puglia


Gentile di Puglia sheep, also known as Merino di Puglia, Pugliese Migliorata, Merino d'Italia, or Merino Gentile, are a fine-wooled breed from the Puglia region of southern Italy. They were initially developed in the 15th century but their primary improvement was from the 18th century, onward. They were developed from Spanish Merino crossed with local breeds. Saxony and Rambouillet breeds was introduced during the 19th century. In the last half century the number of head has dramatically decreased.

Gentile di Puglia sheep are white and raised for meat and wool. They are traditionally reared in the hill pastures from th ...

Gentile di Puglia  - Sheep Breeds

About German Blackheaded Mutton SheepGerman Blackheaded Mutton


German Blavkhead mutton, or Schwarzkopf Fleischschaf, are from Westphalia, Germany.

They are medium-sized, white sheep that are wide and long with dark-brown to black head, ears, and legs. They grow crossbred wool with a tight and firm staple that protects them in a wet climate.

In 1850, blackheaded meat breeds, such as Leicester, Southdown, and Hampshire were imported from England into Saxony to be crossed with local breeds. Thirty years later, breeding of these sheep started more in Westfalia and Eastern Prussia than in Saxony. The Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep) was prevalent in Saxony.

German Blackheaded Mutton  - Sheep Breeds

About German Gray Heath SheepGerman Gray Heath


German Gray Heath sheep are the symbol of the Lueneburger Heide in Germany. Their ancestors, the Mouflon were at home in Corsica. Single lambs are born in spring with a curly, black fleece. After the sheep’s first yearly shearing, its wool turns silver gray with a black bib. Head and legs are black and free of wool. Rams weigh up to 80 kg (176 lbs) and have imposing horns that curl close to the face. Ewes weigh about 45 kg (100 lbs) and have short horns.

Their meat tastes like venison. The dual-coated fleece of a ewe weighs 2.2 kg (4.4 lbs.), of a ram 4 kg (8.8 lbs).. The coarse, straight outer coat is 25 cm (11.4 in.) long. The downy underwool grows 6 cm (2.7 in) long and has a fiber diameter of 25-30 microns. The wo ...

German Gray Heath  - Sheep Breeds

About German Merino SheepGerman Merino


German Merino sheep have a large frame, a straight head with a small woolly tuft on top, no horns, and rough, large ears that stick out to the side, with legs free of wool.

In the 18th century, Southern German Landsheep were crossed with French and Spanish Merinos, which produced the German Merino, or Merinolandschaf. They are the most common sheep breed in Germany today, at 40% of the total German sheep population.

German Merino were developed from the dual- coated Zaupelschaf, which already in 1539 was not liked because it produced inferior wool. For that reason it was crossed with the Marschschaf from the Lower Rhine. This sheep was large, prolific, and could march, and its wool had a fiber diameter of ...

German Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About German Mutton Merino SheepGerman Mutton Merino


German Mutton Merino are well suited for intense production in arid or in agricultural areas. They are highly resistant and easily adapts to any climate and keeping conditions. They grow easily with a good meat yield. Non- seasonal breeding cycle (3 breedings in 2 years), high fecundity, and good mothering instincts make the Merinofleischschaf a good choice for intense milk-lamb production.

There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. The Merinofleischsc ...

German Mutton Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About German Whiteheaded Mutton SheepGerman Whiteheaded Mutton


German Whiteheaded Mutton, or Deutsches Weibkopfiges Fleischschaf,  was developed along the North Sea coast in the middle of the last century. English Leicester, Cotswold, Hampshire, and Oxfordshire were imported and crossbred with the local Wilstermarschschaf, a northern German marsh sheep. Breeders succeeded in retaining the wanted qualities of the marsh sheep, such as high fecundity, fast development, and large size. In the 1930's, a new breed, the German Whiteheaded Mutton started to roam the grassy areas next to the North Sea.  

They are the perfect breed to withstand the rough, damp sea climate and suited for life on the dikes. The sheep fatten on the lush dike grass, pound down the earth and encourag ...

German Whiteheaded Mutton  - Sheep Breeds

About Ghezel SheepGhezel


Ghezel (also Known By: Kizil-Karaman, Mor-Karaman, Dugli, Erzurum, Chacra, Chagra, Chakra, Gesel, Gezel, Kazil, Khezel, Khizel, Kizil, Qezel, Qizil, and Turkish Brown) originated in northwestern Iran and northeastern Turkey. Their fleece is red and has sections of black red or light red. They are used for both meat and wool production. The males are usually hornless and the females are always hornless.  

Ghezel  - Sheep Breeds

About Gotland SheepGotland


Gotland Sheep are fine-boned and medium-sized. They have a hornless black head, free from wool, sometimes with white markings. Bold eyes, alert medium sided ears. Small, neat muzzle with even jaw. Slender neck and shoulders set smoothly into a level back with generous length, good depth and reasonable breadth of body. Slender black legs well-spaced and upright. Short hair-tipped tail. Dense long lustrous grey fleece, occasionally black, white or brown. Clearly defined even curl and staple, soft to handle. Calm friendly disposition. Average mature ewe weighs 55-70kg, rams 75-85kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Gotland  - Sheep Breeds

About Grey Troender SheepGrey Troender


Grey Troender are medium-sized sheep from Trondelag region of Norway. They were developed, in the late 19th century, from the crossbreeding of native landrace sheep with the now extinct Tautra sheep.

They are most commonly found in shades of grey with distinctive white markings under their eyes. Although, brown, black, and white woolled animals are also occasionally seen. Their wool is uniform with a minimum fiber diameter of 32.3 mm, and around 2-3 kg average weight. Both rams and ewes are usually polled and they have half-long or variable length tails. They weigh from 70 to 80 kg.

Today, they are a very rare breed with approximately 50 individual animals available (nearly all residing within Norway); h ...

Grey Troender  - Sheep Breeds

About Greyface Dartmoor SheepGreyface Dartmoor


Greyface Dartmoor, also known as the Dartmoor or Improved Dartmoor, sheep are descended from local breeds, which grazed the low ground in and around Dartmoor. They have immense strength of constitution developed through withstanding the severe winters and exposed conditions, which exist around the Moor. Improvements were carried out during the 19th century using the local Longwools (Notts) and the Leicester.

Dartmoor fleece is classified as Lustre Longwool. They are a medium sized sheep (approx. 60 kg/132 lbs), hornless, deep bodied, short legged, with well woolled head and legs. The white face should be mottled or spotted with black or grey with matching feet.

Greyface Dartmoor  - Sheep Breeds

About Gromark SheepGromark


Gromark Sheep development began in 1965 in northern New South Wales, Australia. Gromark are approximately 50 percent Corriedale and 50 percent Border Leicester. They are a dual-purpose sheep which evolved from objective selection for high growth rate and fertility with final selection being based on visual criteria: wool quality, frame, and carcass attributes.

Gromark sheep are large-framed (ewes average 80 kg/175 lb) producing large lean lambs and good fleeces with wool fiber diameter being about 30 microns. 

Gromark  - Sheep Breeds

About Guirra SheepGuirra


Guirra, also known as Sudat and Levant Red, sheep are from Spain. They are found mainly in the Mediterranean coast of the Spanish provinces of Alicante, Castellon de la Plana and Valencia. Their early history is unknown; but according to some authors, they were developed from crossings of Manchega with thin-tailed North African sheep brought to the Mediterranean coast. In the past they were bred to produce meat, milk, and wool. But today, they are raised primarily for meat production.

Guirra sheep are small to medium sized, with red and white coloration. The lambs have a reddish-brown fleece, but their wool lightens to a red and cream color mixed fleece as they mature. Their ears are medium sized which project horizonta ...

Guirra  - Sheep Breeds

About Gulf Coast Native SheepGulf Coast Native


Spanish sheep first arrived in Florida in the 1500's. Later importations of Spanish and other breeds of sheep mixed with the earlier population, all evolving under the strong natural selection of the native range conditions of Florida and the other Gulf Coast states. Today a remnant of this population survives and is known as Gulf Coast sheep.

Gulf Coast sheep are best known for their resistance to internal parasites. The Florida Agricultural Experiment Station in Gainesville has a flock which has been maintained without the use of anthelmintics since 1962. The Gulf Coast Native is classified as a "critical" breed by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy.


Gulf Coast Native  - Sheep Breeds

About Gute SheepGute


Gute sheep are the most primitive breed in the collection of breeds that make up the Swedish Landrace breed group. These breeds belong to the North European Short Tailed Breeds and are related to such breeds as the Finnsheep, Romanov, Spelsau, Shetland, Faroe, Orkney, and Icelandic sheep.  

Both rams and ewes have two well-developed, slightly turned, converging or diverging, symmetrical horns which are strongly curved and deeply ringed. The rams' horns are large and strong; the ewes' are thinner. Gute wool is coarse and may be straight or wavy. It is a mixture of fine wool, long coarser hair, and kemp fibers. Most sheep shed their fleece partly or entirely in the beginning of the summer.


Gute  - Sheep Breeds

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About Hampshire SheepHampshire


Hampshire Sheep's face and ears are a rich dark brown, approaching black, with wool over the poll and forehead. Wool is white with an average staple length. Body deep and symmetrical with ribs well sprung, broad, straight back, flat loins, wide rump and deep heavily muscled hind legs and breast. Legs being strongly jointed and powerful are set well apart. Average mature ewe weighs 80kg, rams 120kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Hampshire  - Sheep Breeds

About Han SheepHan


Han are a type of Mongolian sheep. They were developed in the semi-humid agricultural areas of China (Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Anhui and Jiangsu Provinces). There are two types of Han which in 1982, were claimed as two different breeds: Large-tail Han and Small-tail Han. The Large-tail Han are polled and are characterized by a long, broad, fat tail, with a thin twisted end turning upwards between two lobes, and broadest at the base. Maximum weight being 25 kg.  

Since the tail is too heavy for the sheep to move around easily during grazing, this type (or breed) is only adaptable to the plains. Han sheep are precocious and highly prolific, their fecundity levels being 163% for the Large-tail Han and 229% for the S ...

Han  - Sheep Breeds

About Hanzhong SheepHanzhong


Hanzhong are meat sheep from Ningqiang, Lueyang and Mianxian county, and Shanxi province, China.   Adult males weigh 35 kg, females 31 kg. Their wool is 30-38 microns in diameter and is  8-10 cm long.

Hanzhong  - Sheep Breeds

About Harnai SheepHarnai


Harnai are a fat tail, mutton and wool type sheep. They are found in parts of Loralai, Quetta, Sibi and Zhob districts in Baluchistan Province. They are medium size with a white body coat with a black or tan spotted head and ears. The wool yield is 2.6 kg (medium; fiber diameter 33.4m). They have a compact body with a small fat tail, high fiber density.

Harnai  - Sheep Breeds

About Hasht Nagri SheepHasht Nagri


Hasht Nagri are a fat tailed mutton and wool type. They are found in the Hasht Nagar tract in NWF Province of Pakistan. They are medium sized with a white body coat and their head and face either partially or completely black or tan. 

Their wool yield is 1.5 kg (medium; fiber diameter 36.7m). They have a compact body with short legs. Their hanging fat tail may reach their fetlock. 


Hasht Nagri  - Sheep Breeds

About Hazaragie SheepHazaragie


Hazaragie sheep are from Central Afghanistan. They are a fat-tailed meat breed with carpet quality wool. They are usually reddish-brown but individuals which are black or white with a brown belly are also seen. Both sexes are polled.

Hazaragie  - Sheep Breeds

About Hebridean SheepHebridean


Hebridean Sheep are a small, hardy breed with fine bones and a tail reaching no lower than the hocks. Both sexes are horned, and about 10% of animals have four or more horns. Occasionally polled ewes are to be seen but these are genetically four horned and usually produce horned lambs. The animals are entirely black, though the fleece usually goes grey with age. Lambs may have a dark brown appearance because the tips of the fleece have been bleached by the sun. The wool has a stiff, springy quality. It sheds water easily. The face and legs are free of wool. Ewes lamb very easily. The Hebridean is a very active and long-lived sheep, ewes often still lambing well at ten years or more. It thrives on all types of grazing and responds w ...

Hebridean  - Sheep Breeds

About Heidschnucke SheepHeidschnucke


Heidschnucke are a fairly small sheep, initially originating from Niedersachsen in Germany. There are several varieties of Heidschnucke sheep: the grey horned Heidschnucke, the white horned Heidschnucke, and the moorschnucke (marsh sheep). At one time, the Heidschnucke were the most important sheep in northern Germany, but their numbers have declined substantially.

Lambs are black at birth, but their fleece discolors their first year of life, until it gets its characteristic grey color. Both rams and ewes have beautiful horns. Lambing percentage is usually low, only about 100 percent.

Heidschnucke  - Sheep Breeds

About Herbert SheepHerbert


Wild sheep or bushies have long been known to occur in the area around the headwaters of the Waianakarua River, inland from Herbert and Hampden, in North Otago, NZ. This area is at the southern end of the Kakanui Mountains and the northern end of the Horse Range. They originated from stragglers that escaped muster on sheep farms, and although occasionally shot, were largely left alone. From about the 1970s serious efforts were made to eradicate these feral animals, partly to facilitate development of some of the land, and partly because of the perceived damage they were causing to patches of native forest. About this time, some were re-domesticated, largely for their novelty value.

Although these sheep are generally refer ...

Herbert  - Sheep Breeds

About Herdwick SheepHerdwick


Herdwicks Sheep are a sturdy, strong boned breed. The rams in particular have a broad chest, noticeably thick-set legs and may have strong horns, although as many as 20% are polled or have relatively small amounts of horn growth. The female sheep are somewhat finer boned and should not have any sign of horns. Purebred Herdwick lambs are born largely black often with tips of white on their ears. As they age, the heads and legs become white and the fleece assumes a color ranging from a slate blue-grey to a light grey. Herdwick sheep are widely considered to be the hardiest of all Britain's breeds of hill sheep. Probably 99 per cent of Herdwick sheep are kept in commercial flocks in the central and western dales of the Lake Distri ...

Herdwick  - Sheep Breeds

About Herik SheepHerik


Herik (also known as Amasya Herik, or Heregi) are short fat-tail sheep from northern Anatolia in Turkey. They are a carpet wool breed also used for meat and dairy production. They are similar to Daglic sheep. They are usually white with dark spots on their head. The males are horned and the females are usually polled.

Herik  - Sheep Breeds

About Hill Radnor SheepHill Radnor


Hill Radnor Sheep are a native hill or mountain breed most commonly found in the Border counties running from the North of Powys down to South West Herefordshire and Monmouthshire. It is a heavy breed which has good body length and width in its hind quarters, standing on well set legs with an abundance of bone. At birth the lambs are full of vitality, exceptionally well coated and gain excellent body weight. Lambing percentages vary under different conditions but the breed can easily average around 155%. The Hill Radnor is a healthy breed free from many of the contagious and hereditary diseases which often affect other breeds.


Content Source: National Sheep Association



Hill Radnor  - Sheep Breeds

About Hog Island SheepHog Island


About 200 years ago, a flock of sheep was established on Hog Island, one of Virginia's barrier islands located off its Eastern Shore. The sheep were already native to the area and are believed to have had a substantial amount of Merino blood in them. There were occasional subsequent introductions to the population, the last being in 1953, when a Hampshire ram was taken to the island. In 1974, the island was sold to The Nature Conservancy, which decided to remove all the sheep and cattle.

Gunston Hall Plantation in Fairfax County, Virginia, eventually became the owner of the greater number of these sheep and exhibited them as part of their replication of 18th century plantation life. Hog Island sheep evolved and sur ...


Hog Island  - Sheep Breeds

About Hokonui SheepHokonui


Hokonio Sheep are from the Hokonui hills in the heart of Southland, New Zealand, where they have made the rugged and isolated Hokonui Hills their home for more than a century.

At one time more than 2000 Merino sheep roamed the hills. Today only about 100 remain feral. Another 100 to 150 are being retained in domestic flocks.

Wild sheep were known to occur in this area as early as 1863 - only a few years after the first Merinos had been brought to the district.

Re-domesticated Hokonui sheep continue to display feral behavior patterns. They build strong family groups, and quite frequently a junior ram will stand guard over a younger lamb while the mother goes off to feed.

Content and Photo ...

Hokonui  - Sheep Breeds

About Hu SheepHu


Hu sheep originated from Mongolian sheep. They are distributed in the Zhejiang Jiangsu provinces of China and the suburbs of Shanghai. Hu sheep are well recognized for their beautiful wavy lambskins, early sexual maturity, aseasonal breeding, prolificacy, and the adaptability to a hot and humid climate. Hu sheep are raised indoors all year round. The lambskins taken from lambs slaughtered within the day of birth have distinctive wave-like stripes which are still retained after processing.

Hu sheep lambskins are traditional export item of Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces. The first estruses in ewes occur at the age of 4-5 months. Rams are capable of mating at the age of 4 months. Ewes cycle all year round. The average ovulation rate is ...

Hu  - Sheep Breeds

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About Icelandic SheepIcelandic


Icelandic Sheep are a medium-sized, upstanding sheep, with a light frame and a naturally short fluke-shaped tail. Although the majority of them are horned in both sexes, polled rams and ewes are common. The horns of the ram are strong and well rounded; the ewe's horns are finer and usually swept back. Four horned sheep are found occasionally in Iceland, but none have occurred in the UK. The fleece consists of a dual coat of very fine under-wool and an outer coat of long hairs and is found in all the natural colors, including a wide range of browns. Broken colored sheep are common, the patterns ranging from limited markings, such as speckled, to large patches of color on a white background or the reverse. Darker dorsal stripes a ...

Icelandic  - Sheep Breeds

About Ile-de-France SheepIle-de-France


Photographer: Renáta Bense Ile-de-France Sheep have a strong head with a broad forehead, polled with protruding sockets, face of medium length, lips and nose rather thick. The profile is straight, slightly concave for the ram, with large ears, horizontal or standing slightly upwards, covered with thin short hair. The body is wide and large, broad and deep chested. It has a close white fleece. White covering covers the top of the head and extends down to or slightly above the orbital arches, frames the face, extends to just above the knees of the forelegs, covers the chest and belly, extends over the buttock to the hock of the hind legs. Average mature ewe weighs 70-90kg, rams 110-150kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Ile-de-France  - Sheep Breeds

About Imroz SheepImroz


Imrov (also known as Gokceada) Sheep are among the smallest sheep breeds in Turkey. They are raised for meat, milk, and wool. They are predominantly white, with black marks around the mouth, nose and eyes, on the ears and rarely on the tip of the legs.  


Their tail is thin and long, usually reaching below the hocks. Rams have strong spiral horns extending sideways; ewes are usually polled, but up to 30% of the ewes may have small scurs. Their head are narrow and its profile is straight. Their wool is very coarse and long, and it covers the top of the head.



Imroz  - Sheep Breeds

About INRA 401 SheepINRA 401


The creation of the INRA 401 sheep bloodline began in France in 1970, after a series of experiments crossing the Berrichon du Cher and Romanov which began in 1963 with the Romanov breed.  


Matings were carried out for several successive generations, between breeding stock of the same generation chosen in priority to maintain the origins represented in the foundation generation. The INRA 401 is a highly productive ewe, with a 200 percent prolificacy, excellent out-of-season fertility, good milk production, and outstanding mothering ability.



INRA 401  - Sheep Breeds

About Istrian milk SheepIstrian milk


Istrian Milk, or Istriana or Carsolina, sheep are milk sheep from the Istria and Karst regions of Italy. The Istria sheep breeders have traditionally bred domestic, autochthonous (indigenous) sheep which they called Istriana or Carsolina. Through the years they have bred Istrian sheep mainly for their unusual and distinct long-stepping walk and the ability to graze in rocky terrain. While they will graze even on dry old grass, they are quite skillful at finding fresh grass between rocks.

Istrian sheep are found in the provinces of Udine, Gorizia, Trieste (Friuli-Venezia Giulia - Italy) and Slovenia.

Istrian she ...

Istrian milk  - Sheep Breeds

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About Jacob SheepJacob


Jacob Sheep were traditionally a parkland breed but it is now much more widespread and is found in every part of the British Isles and in several countries around the world. It is an alert and attractive sheep being upstanding and deep bodied. Its white fleece has well defined black patches, the head and neck being mostly black with a white blaze. Both sexes are horned with either two or four horns. Jacob ewes are hardy and excellent mothers who milk well, frequently having twins or triplets. The finished lamb is tender and lean with an excellent flavor with a good meat to bone ratio, which is now sought after by butchers nationwide. The fleece has a great appeal to spinners and weavers.

Content and Photo Source: Nat ...

Jacob  - Sheep Breeds

About Jezersko Solcava SheepJezersko Solcava


Jezersko Solcava, or Jezerskosolflorinavska, sheep were developed by the crossbreeding of native white sheep with Bergamasca and Padova sheep. They resemble the Austrian Bergschaf that has a similar origin. They got their name from the breeding centers of Jezersko and Solflorinava. Their head has a convex profile and hanging ears. Their legs are long and strong. Jezersko-Solcava sheep are very convenient for lamb production in the Alpine and Pre-Alpine region.  


Since 1980, Jezersko Solcava sheep haves been crossed with Romanovska sheep, and the number of pure breed animals has been decreased quickly. Therefore, a special program on preservation the pure breed has been started in 1991. An ewe has 1.42 lam ...

Jezersko Solcava  - Sheep Breeds

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About Kamieniec SheepKamieniec


Kamieniec are a dual-purpose medium-wool sheep from Poland. They were developed between 1954 and 1965 in the Kamieniec farm of the Breeding Center in Susz, near Olsztyn. The starting point was a flock of primitive ewes of the Pomeranian type, from individual farms in the regions of Gdansk and Koszalin or brought from settlers from the East. They were initially crossed with Leine and Texel rams, and then mated to Romney Marsh rams.

After selection, the progeny was interbred in order to obtain genetic consolidation of the required traits and a more uniform type. Sheep of this strain have rather large, deep, and broad bodies. Their wool covering much of the body is uniform in quality, with long staples and hgh clean ...

Kamieniec  - Sheep Breeds

About Karakul SheepKarakul


Karakul Sheep are a fat-tailed (and fat-rumped) sheep characteristic of the Middle East as well as southern Asia and North Africa (although they were found as far south as the African Cape by the seventeenth century). As the general name implies, they are distinguished by an accumulation of fat in the tail and around the rump which evolved as a store of food necessary for survival in a harsh, drought-prone environment.

Descriptions of such sheep can be found in the earliest records of British exploration, but they have been known and bred for thousands of years as is witnessed by Biblical reference to the type. The Book of Leviticus records that a ram was bought for a burnt offering. After it was slain, Moses "too ...


Karakul  - Sheep Breeds

About Karayaka SheepKarayaka


Karayaka are multi-purpose sheep from Turkey. They are good for producing both meat and milk, and their wool is also used in carpets. They are mostly found in the northern Anatolia in Turkey, and are strongly identified with the village of Karayaka. They are also found along the eastern half of the Black Sea coast, especially in Giresun, Ordu, Sinop, Samsun, and Tokat. And they are also raised in Duzce, in the region of Western Black sea. The quality of grazing in the areas where these animals are distributed is quite high. And grazing season in these areas is longer than in most of the other regions. Flock size of the Karayaka sheep varies from 5 to 200 heads. The flocks are usually smaller in size in the coastal areas and larger ...

Karayaka  - Sheep Breeds

About Katahdin SheepKatahdin


The development of the breed began in the late 1950's with the importation of a small number of haired sheep from the Caribbean by Michael Piel of Maine. The Piel Farm had several thousand sheep at the time and Piel felt that progress in selection for traits important to the production of meat would be greatly enhanced by the elimination of wool as a major factor for selection. His goal was to combine the hair coat, prolificacy, and hardiness of the Virgin Island sheep with the meat conformation and rate of growth of wool breeds. He began to experiment with crosses between the hair sheep and various British breeds, especially Suffolk. After almost 20 years of crossing the resulting hybrids “in every conceivable combination” and sel ...

Katahdin  - Sheep Breeds

About Kelso SheepKelso


Kelso sheep are one of several composite breeds developed in New Zealand. Unlike traditional breeds, which are bred for appearance as well as productivity, composites are bred for productive traits alone. Kelso sheep are continually being upgraded and modified to meet changing market needs.

Kelso is a sheep genetics company which has developed two large scale breeding programs over the last 50 years. The Kelso (Maternal Sire) and Ranger (Terminal Sire) breeding flocks are run on five farms from Gisborne to Southland all genetically linked.



Kelso  - Sheep Breeds

About Kerry Hill SheepKerry Hill


Kerry Hill Sheep are a well-balanced sturdy sheep with ears set high and free from wool. A black nose and sharply defined black and white makings on the head and legs. Both ewes and rams are hornless. It is a handsome sheep, with a dense fleece, which is unusually white. The fleece handles well and is amongst the softest of British wools. In both ewes and rams teeth should be regular and meet the pad neither undershot nor overshot. The Kerry Hill sheep are good on their feet and good in their teeth. Average mature weighs 55-65kg, rams 65-70kg.

Content Source: National Sheep Association

Kerry Hill  - Sheep Breeds

About Kivircik SheepKivircik


Kivircik sheep are found in northwestern Turkey, where it is kept for milk and meat production. Their fleece is of carpet-wool type, but their wool is of better quality than the wool of all other indigenous breeds in Turkey.  

They are white with white or spotted faces, similar to the Karnobat and the Tsigai. Black and brown varieties are also found. Rams have horizontal spiral horns extending sideways; ewes are usually polled. Tails are long and thin, usually reaching the hocks.



Kivircik  - Sheep Breeds

About Kooka SheepKooka


Kooka sheep breed originated from Pakistan. They are raised for meat and wool production. They produce about 3 kg of white wool per year.

They have a very heavy head with a wide forehead, long hanging ears, small horns, and a medium sized mouth. The females produce about 1 kg milk daily.


Kooka  - Sheep Breeds

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About Lacaune SheepLacaune


Lacaune sheep are the most numerous sheep breed in France. They have been selected in France for increased milk production under a sophisticated selection program incorporating artificial insemination, milk recording, and progeny testing of sires for longer than any other dairy sheep breed in the world.

Annual genetic improvement for milk yield in the French Lacaune is estimated at 2.4% or 5.7 kg (12.5 lbs). Lacaune ewes produce milk with higher total solids than the East Friesians, but in slightly less volume. The sheep of the Lacaune breed produce the milk which is responsible for the famous Roquefort cheese.



Lacaune  - Sheep Breeds

About Lamon SheepLamon


Lamon sheep are an Alpine breed, raised for meat. They large and polled with lop-ears and yellow-white wool. Sometimes, rarely, their face and legs are speckled brown or black. Their tail is thin and hangs below the hocks. Horns are absent.

Lamon sheep are one of the few Italian breeds that migrate throughout the year. In the past most Lamon sheep flock migrated every year, but today, most are not migratory. Traditionally Lamon sheep were registration in the town of Lamon in the Belluno Province or northern Italy. They are also found in the Trentino-Alto Adige region.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Lamon  - Sheep Breeds

About Landschaf SheepLandschaf


Landschaf sheep are a cross between German and Dutch heath sheep and a marsh sheep. Since 1934, they have been bred in the northern German Emsland area, especially in the county of Bentheim. The highly endangered, frugal Landschaf is used for landscape preservation. It is the largest of the German heath and moor sheep with long legs and hard hoofs.  

They have a slender, long head, Roman nose, small ears, no horns, long and woolly tail. They are white, but dark pigmentation is permitted around the eyes, on the ears and on its legs. Fleece weight is 3-4 kg (6.6-8.8 lbs), with a fiber diameter of 34-40 microns.

Landschaf  - Sheep Breeds

About Langhe SheepLanghe


Langhe, or Delle Langhe, are high-quality medium-large white dairy sheep, originally from Langhe, Region Piedmont, Italy. Today they are found in the provinces of Cuneo, Asti (Piedmont) and Savona (Liguria).

Content and Photo source: Agraia.org.

Langhe  - Sheep Breeds

About Lati SheepLati


Lati, also known as salt Range, Sheep are raised for meat and wool in, and around, the Salt Range hills area in the Punjab Province, Pakistan. They are medium size with white wool and a tan or tan spotted head. Their wool yield is 1.5 kg (medium; fiber diameter 34.9m) with a low fiber density. They have small ears and a medium-sized fat tail.

Lati  - Sheep Breeds

About Laticauda SheepLaticauda


Laticauda are a white Italian sheep descended from Northern Africa sheep that have developed many of their modern characteristics from subsequent crossbreeds with sheep from the Apennines. Most likely they were imported to Italy at the times of Charles III. They are raised for both meat and milk. Their milk is high-quality and used to produce high-quality pecorino cheese.

They are also known as Barbaresca campana, Bastarda arianese, Beneventana, Casalinga, Casereccia, Coda chiatta, Nostrana.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Laticauda  - Sheep Breeds

About Latxa SheepLatxa


Latxa sheep are a milk sheep breed from the Basque Country of Spain. They are mostly raised within the provinces of Biscay, Gipuzkoa, and Navarre. They are known for excellent quality milk production. Their unpasteurized milk is used for producing Idiazabal and Roncal cheeses.

Latxa sheep have been managed traditionally by moving the flock to the mountain pastures in the summer when the ewes have finished lactating, with cheese-making taking place on the farm. Some flocks are moved while still lactating, with the animals being hand-milked on the high pastures. A breeding scheme has been introduced since 1982, and new production methods tested. And for providing earlier lambing and prolonging the breeding season, the ...

Latxa  - Sheep Breeds

About Leccese SheepLeccese


Leccese, or Moscia Leccese, sheep are most likely are related from Zackel sheep from Asia. The have a not-so-curled woolly hanging coat.


They have rosy skin and a white coat, with black spots on their breastbone. A black short-haired muzzle, and a plain black or spotted limbs.


In the past they were raised for wool, meat, and milk but today they are mainly bred for milk production.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Leccese  - Sheep Breeds

About Leicester SheepLeicester


Leicester Longwool Sheep are perhaps the most historically significant of all sheep breeds in its British homeland, and it is certainly the most famous of the longwools. It was the breed selected for development by Robert Bakewell, the most renowned and successful of all the early workers in the field of livestock improvement. Working at Dishley Grange in Leicestershire from 1755, he produced the New - or Dishley - Leicester, which combined the breed's original hardiness and excellence in the production of a long, heavy fleece with an increase in fattening ability and early maturation.

Unfortunately Bakewell did not record his breeding and development methods - nor talk of them much - although there is no doubt he was hug ...

Leicester  - Sheep Breeds

About Leineschaf SheepLeineschaf


Leineschaf, or Leine, sheep comes from the region of Nordheim (Hannover), in particular from the Leine river valley (hence the name).

They were created through crossbreeding of local breeds with Friesian, Merino, and Berrichon du Cher rams as well as rams of the English Leicester, and Cotswold breeds. In effect, a white hornless sheep of the dual purpose type was obtained. Medium-early maturing with uniform medium coarse wool, it is a hardy and healthy breed, well adapted to difficult conditions and to walking over long distances. In Germany, the breed is nearly extinct.

Leineschaf  - Sheep Breeds

About Limousine SheepLimousine


Limousine sheep are from Limousine France. They are known for their hardiness and excellent adaptability in very varied regions, notably on non-chalky, acid soils. They breed notable for its female qualities: early sexual maturity, a sure aptitude for off-season breeding, maternal instinct, and milk value.

Limousine  - Sheep Breeds

About Lincoln SheepLincoln


Lincoln Longwool Sheep are the oldest known British longwool and is believed to be ancestral to all the other British longwool breeds. It is recorded as already existing in an established form by 1749, in the marshy fenlands of Lincoln County. It was the greatest rival of the Leicester, although, as they evolved in neighboring counties there is little doubt of their close relationship. Certainly there was considerable interbreeding of these two rather similar sheep.

They are the principal breed to be used with the Merino to develop the Corriedale. The Lincoln Longwool was eventually replaced by the Romney in New Zealand and today it is reduced to a few thousand animals mainly used for crossing to produce the Halfbred.

Lincoln  - Sheep Breeds

About Lithuanian Black-headed SheepLithuanian Black-headed


Lithuanian Black-Headed are multipurpose sheep developed in Lithuania during the mid-20th century. They were developed by crossing local sheep with English Shropshire and meaty German black-headed rams, with the goal of combining the best characteristics of both. 

Lithuanian Black-Headed sheep mature early and supply homogenous semi-fine wool. They have short and white wool, while their head, ears, and legs are covered with black hair. They have no horns.

In order to form productive herds of thoroughbred sheep, state-run Black-Headed sheep breeding nucleus farms were established in Pasvalys in 1952, and in Telsiai in 1956. In 1963 the Seduva Experimental Farm was launched to preserve the breed. Since ...

Lithuanian Black-headed  - Sheep Breeds

About Litla Dimun  SheepLitla Dimun


Litla Dimun sheep were a primitive, short-tailed, small, black, short-wooled breed of sheep that lived in Litla Dimun (a small island between the islands of Suouroy and Stora Dimun in the Faroe Islands of Denmark). They became extinct during the mid-19th century.

They were a feral sheep, probably derived from the earliest sheep brought to Northern Europe in the Neolithic Period. The last of these sheep were shot in the 1860s.

They were similar in appearance and origin to the surviving Soay sheep, from the island of Soay in the St. Kilda archipelago off the west coast of Scotland. The sheep now living on Lítla Dímun are Faroes sheep, a more domesticated breed.

Litla Dimun   - Sheep Breeds

About Livo SheepLivo


Livo sheep area an indigenous breed from the Valle di Livo in the Lombardy Region of northern Italy. They are medium-sized, have yellow wool, and are raised for meat.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Livo  - Sheep Breeds

About Llandovery Whiteface SheepLlandovery Whiteface


Llandovery Whiteface Hill Sheep are an elite hill breed of sheep. The rams have tremendous scale for a hill breed possessing good length and depth and can be either horned or moiled (without horns).  The sheep have a dense fleece able to withstand the elements of the harsh upland environment.  Both rams and ewes have a clean white face.   For generations the Llandovery Whiteface Hill Sheep has been bred to live and thrive in the areas surrounding the Black Mountain in Carmarthenshire with Llandovery the central market where the sheep have been sold.

Content Source: National Sheep Association

Llandovery Whiteface  - Sheep Breeds

About Llanwenog SheepLlanwenog


Llanwenog are blackfaced and polled with tuft of clean wool on the forehead, this is a white fleeced, compact sheep with well sprung ribs, a strong loin and thighs. Ears should be fairly short and thin, slightly elevated. Average mature ewe weighs 56kg, rams 90kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Llanwenog  - Sheep Breeds

About Lleyn SheepLleyn


Lleyn Sheep are a medium sized lowland sheep weighing up to 70kg at maturity, renowned for their hardiness, prolificacy, easy lambing, strong mothering instinct, milkiness and easy handling. The wool is white free from any colored fibers or kemp and is of good length, dense and of high quality. Heads must be feminine and warm white in color with wide foreheads. Bright lively eyes and a black nose. Medium sized ears with black spots are desirable with the base of the ear starting from the wool. The back should be long with well sprung ribs and broad loins. Legs, which are warm white in color, should be well set with no wool lower that the hock. Rams must be naturally polled.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep ...

Lleyn  - Sheep Breeds

About Lohi SheepLohi


Lohi are large sheep with very long ears. Their meat is considered to be very tasty and their  hair is very long and grained.

Lohi  - Sheep Breeds

About Lonk SheepLonk


Lonk Sheep are one of the largest native hill breeds, their face and legs are pure black and white. The fleece is trim and even from head to skirting, white and free from kemp. Both sexes are horned. Average mature ewe weighs 45-54kg, rams 75-91kg.

Lonk ...


Lonk  - Sheep Breeds

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Manchega SheepManchega


Manchega sheep are developed from Entrefino sheep and have a double production use: milk and sheep meat. Among this breed, there are two accepted varieties: black and white. The latter one makes up more than 90% of the animals. The average milk production is 100 liters (26.4 gallons) per animal a year, being markedly seasonal during the months of April, May and June.


Manchego cheese is the most important and well-known sheep’s milk cheese in Spain. True Manchega cheese is made only from whole milk of the Manchega sheep raised in the ‘La Mancha’ region. This region is a vast high plateau, more than 600 meters (1,969 ft) above sea level.



Manchega  - Sheep Breeds

About Manx Loaghtan SheepManx Loaghtan


Manx Loaghtan sheep are found on the Isle of Man off the coast of Great Britain. They are member of the Northern Short-tailed group, similar to the Hebridean, but slightly larger. Their wool is chocolate brown with paler tips. Manx Loaghtan sheep are descended from the primitive sheep once found throughout Scotland and the coastal islands of Britain.




Manx Loaghtan  - Sheep Breeds

About Marrana SheepMarrana


Marrana sheep are raised for meat and have yellow, or sometimes light brown, wool. They are a composite of different breeds of the Appennin; in recent decades there have been many crosses with Bergamasca and Biella sheep. They are from the Ligurian Alps, Italy.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Marrana  - Sheep Breeds

About Marwari SheepMarwari


Marwari sheep are from Marwad, India. They are similar to black-headed Persian sheep but they are smaller and have better fleece. They are found in the Jodhpur, Jalore, Nagaou, Peli and Barmer districts, extending up to Ajmer and Udaipur districts of Rajasthan and the Jeoria region of Gujarat. They are being improved through selection for fleece weight and carpet quality.    

Marwari  - Sheep Breeds

About Masham SheepMasham


Masham sheep have been bred for over a century on the hill farms in the Northern Counties of England. They are produced by crossing a Teeswater ram onto either a Dalesbred or Swaledale ewe, both hardy hill breeds. It is from these parent breeds that the Masham gains its hardiness, longevity, heavy milking qualities, strong mothering instincts and high prolificacy.


Masham ewes are medium-sized and hornless. They have a good reputation for the ability to perform well in a wide variety of circumstances. Producing quality lambs is what she is bred for with an added bonus of a long stapled fleece. Average mature adult weighs 75kg.



Masham  - Sheep Breeds

About Massese SheepMassese


Massese sheep are raised for carpet wool, milk, and meat production. They belog to the Apennine group and are similar to Garfagnina sheep. They are from Versilia in North-western Toscana, central Italy.

Massese sheep are medium-sized and have grey or brown wool with a dark head. Both sexes are horned and have a distinctive roman-nose.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Massese  - Sheep Breeds

About Matesina SheepMatesina


Matesina sheep are an indigenous breed, descended from Gentile di Puglia and Appenninica sheep. They arefrom province of Caserta, Campania, in southern Italy.


They are medium-sized (males 65 cm, females 60 cm, at the withers) with white-brown wool. They are raised for meat, wool, and milk.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Matesina  - Sheep Breeds

About Meatlinc SheepMeatlinc


Meatlinc Sheep are a British breed, in the terminal sire category, developed from a breeding program originated by Henry Fell in 1963. Originally a mixture of chosen individuals from five breeds, two British and three French, the Meatlinc evolved as a result of many years of rigorous and disciplined selection based on performance recording carried out under strictly commercial conditions. The breed was closed to any further use of outside genetic material in 1975. It is thus a genuine pure breed with recognizable uniformity.  


They are amongst the biggest of the British breeds, a mature ram weighing 140 kg (over 300 lbs). Their face is white, have tight wool, with great length and heavy hindquarters. ...


Meatlinc  - Sheep Breeds

About Meatmaster SheepMeatmaster


In the early 1990's, determined to utilize the advantages of the indigenous fat-tailed hair breeds and realizing the huge gap between the fat-tailed breeds and the well-muscled British and European breeds and the need for a truly good pure hair breed with good meat qualities, a group of South African farmers decided to develop a composite breed.

Various fat-tailed breeds were thus crossed with well-muscled breeds and the dream of the Meatmaster emerged. Meatmaster sheep are selected solely for economic factors under natural conditions. They have been exported to Namibia, Australia, and Canada. The Meatmaster must just have a percentage of Damara blood in it. The rest can be that of any other sheep breed.

Meatmaster  - Sheep Breeds

About Mehraban SheepMehraban


Mehraban sheep are from the western province of Hamadan, in Iran; where they are the predominant breed. They are raised primarily for meat production. There is approximately 3 million heads.  

They are known for multiple births, fertility, and a high survival rate from birth to weaning. Their wool is a light brown carpet wool quality which was favored in Persian carpets.


Mehraban  - Sheep Breeds

About Merinizzata Italiana SheepMerinizzata Italiana


Merinizzata Italiana are a buautiful newly-developed breed of sheep. They were developed by crossbreeding Italian Merinos, Gentile di Puglia e Sopravissana, with European Merinos (Ile de Frace, Berichonne du Cher, Merinolandschaf, etc.). The cross breedings were made to develop sheep ideal for meat production. They have a white coat and rosy skin.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org

Merinizzata Italiana  - Sheep Breeds

About Merino SheepMerino


Merino Sheep are one of the most popular breeds of sheep worldwide. Merino Sheep are raised predominately for wool production. Their wool is prized for being very soft and comfortable against the skin. Merino Sheep originated in Spain, but the modern Merino was domesticated in Australia.

Merino Sheep are excellent foragers and very adaptable. Merino Sheep need to be shorn at least once a year because their wool does not stop growing. If their coat is allowed to grow, it can cause heat stress, mobility issues, and blindness.

There are multiple sub-species of Merin
Poll Merino – this is a comparatively new addition to the breed of merino sheep. It is bred for the ease of handling and lack of horns ...


Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About Merinolandschaf SheepMerinolandschaf


Merinolandschaf, also known as Wurttemberger, sheep are a German variety of Merino. They constitute about 30% of the sheep population in Germany and are the most common commercial breed. They descend from Merino sheep first brought to Saxony in 1765.

Merinolandschaf  - Sheep Breeds

About Miniature Cheviot SheepMiniature Cheviot


Cheviot sheep originated in the Cheviot Hills between England and Scotland. They were introduced to the U.S. in 1838. Border Cheviots are small, hardy sheep that spend their lives on the moors. In the U.S., they have become larger than their ancestors from the UK, so the Brecknock Hill Miniature Cheviot registry was formed to preserve the original size. The registry recently dropped "Brecknock Hill" from its name to differentiate American Miniature Cheviots from the Brecknock Hill Cheviots that originated in Wales and are slightly different.

Miniature Cheviots are usually white, with small heads and erect little pointed ears. Their fleeces provide a medium wool with a distinctive helical crimp and a long staple, per ...

Miniature Cheviot  - Sheep Breeds

About Mirror SheepMirror


Mirrors are medium-sized Sheep with a characteristic head design. Besides its otherwise white color, it has black eye marks, black ear points, and a black nostril.  

They descend from old Bundner sheep races like the Prattigauer sheep and probably have influences of the silk sheep and the Luzeiner sheep. Austrian races might have participated like the Montafoner and the eyeglass sheep in the emergence of the Mirror Sheep.

Mirror  - Sheep Breeds

About Mohaka SheepMohaka


The Mohaka feral sheep flock is just one of several of Merino type known to have occurred at various times in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. They evolved around the Mohaka River area behind the historic Tutira sheep station.

Mohaka Sheep are probably of considerable age – feral Merinos were described from this area as early as the 1880s and Merinos were no longer being farmed there to any extent by 1900.

In 1976, scientist Tony Whitaker described the feral Mohaka sheep as comprising several groups which may or may not be discrete, on or near the banks of the Mohaka River between the Te Hoe and Waipunga Rivers behind Tutira. There appeared to be fewer than 1000 sheep spread over an area of 30 000 hectares. Their numb ...

Mohaka  - Sheep Breeds

About Montadale SheepMontadale


Montadale sheep were developed in the United States from Cheviot and Columbia sheep crosses. E.H. Mattingly, a well-known commercial lamb buyer is given credit for developing the breed. His idea was to bring together the qualities of big western-white faced sheep and the popular mutton characteristics of Midwestern sheep. His result was a good meat type, dual- purpose animal with the head and legs free of wool and with the stylish appearance and agile body of the Cheviot.

For fifteen years, many of these Montadale lambs were carcass tested for characteristics which are now the standard in the industry, but which at that time were yet to become widely accepted as the ideal. Montadale sheep are considered a dual-purpos ...

Montadale  - Sheep Breeds

About Morada Nova SheepMorada Nova


Morada Nova sheep are found in northeast Brazil but probably of African origin. They may also be related to a Portugal breed called Bordaleiro. They originated from selection of individuals of the Brazilian Woolless. Both sexes are polled.  


The rams do not have a throat ruff. It has been reported that they have a litter size of 1.32 to 1.76. The predominant color is red to cream, but white animals are also found. The breed is small with mature lamb and ewe weights of about 40 (88 lbs) and 30 kg (66 lbs), respectively.



Morada Nova  - Sheep Breeds

About Mouflon SheepMouflon


The Mouflon is thought to be one of the two ancestors for all modern sheep breeds. It is red-brown with a dark back-stripe, light colored saddle patch and underparts. The males are horned and the females are horned or polled.  

It is now rare, but has been successfully introduced into central Europe, including Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovak Republics, and Romania.

Mouflon  - Sheep Breeds

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Najdi SheepNajdi


Najdi sheep are native to the Najd region of the Arabian Peninsula, from where it got their name. They are raised primarily in Saudi Arabia, but they are also present in Oman, Kuwait and Jordan. They are highly priced in their native area. And some top Najdi ewes can sell for around US$5,300-8,000. And the rams which can sire many more offspring can fetch hundreds of thousands. Najdi sheep are very important animals in their native area, and also in the areas where they are found.

Najdi sheep are very beautiful. They have a distinctive appearance that has even been celebrated in Saudi ‘sheep beauty pageants’ not unlike livestock shows and sales in the West. They have a long face and are Roman nosed. They are very tall a ...

Najdi  - Sheep Breeds

About Navajo-Churro SheepNavajo-Churro


Navajo-Churro sheep were the first domesticated sheep introduced into North America. Brought from Southern Spain in 1514, Churro sheep became the mainstay of Spanish ranches and villages along the Rio Grande.  

Native Indians acquired flocks of Churro for food and clothing through raids and trading and eventually incorporated them into their lifestyle. After nearly becoming extinct through a government sheep ‘improvement’ program in the mid-1900's, the breed is now recovering and becoming more popular, though still considered a rare breed.  

Navajo-Churro sheep are a small breed, hardy, and disease resistant. Rams may carry four horns. The Churro fleece is long, fine, and coarse. It has two ...

Navajo-Churro  - Sheep Breeds

About Nelson South Wales Mountain SheepNelson South Wales Mountain


Nelson South Wales Mountain Sheep are similar in appearance to the other Welsh Mountain breeds. The main differences are its greater size and the usual presence of tan markings on the face and legs together with a brown collar. The fleece is dense with an even mixture of white kempy fiber.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Nelson South Wales Mountain  - Sheep Breeds

About Nera di Arbus SheepNera di Arbus


Nera di Arbus, or Pecora Nera di Arbus ("black sheep of Arbus"), Sheep are medium-small from Arbus in the south west coast of Sardinia, Italy. They are found in the provinces of Cagliari, Nuoro, Oristano and Sassari. Their hair is black, sometimes with shades of gray lead.

They have course wool and it used to produce orbace, a coarse hand-woven cloth, used to produce traditional Sardinian garments.

Content and Photo Source: Agraria.org.

Nera di Arbus  - Sheep Breeds

About New Mexico Dahl SheepNew Mexico Dahl


New Mexico Dahl Sheep are an almost extinct Spanish Colonial heritage hair sheep breed under development at Terra Patre Wildlife Preserve and Teaching Farm in Colorado and New Mexico. The goal in developing these unique sheep was to produce a truly multi-marketable, low-maintenance product. These hardy, no-shear sheep are beautiful and majestic with the rams supporting magnificent horns. They are also very excellent sources of lean, less mutton-tasting meat.

NM Dahl is taking this one step further and wanting to increase the meat marketability along with increasing the growth of the horns not only on rams but also on the ewes for even better future horn genetics. With this in mind, New Mexico Dahl Sheep are hybrids o ...

New Mexico Dahl  - Sheep Breeds

About New Zealand Halfbred SheepNew Zealand Halfbred


New Zealand Halfbred are a registered breed of sheep, originally developed in the 19th century by crossing one of the English longwool breeds such as Lincoln, English Leicester, or Romney, with the Merino.

New Zealand Halfbreds are mainly farmed in the foothills of the South Island high country. Their wool has a fiber diameter of 25-31 microns, intermediate between Corriedale and Polwarth. Staple length is 3 to 4 inches.

New Zealand Halfbred  - Sheep Breeds

About Nolana SheepNolana


The breeding aim of the Nolana sheep is to combine the advantages of hair sheep with the advantages of native wool sheep. Nolana sheep are hair sheep. They don't produce wool, but carry a smooth coat during summer and a 4-5 cm (1.6-1.8 in) thick pelt during winter which they shed naturally in spring. Therefore, they don't need to be shorn.  


Two types of sheep have evolved during the development of the Nolana sheep: a meat-type (fleischscafe) and a landrace-type (landscafe) for more extensive settings and landscape management. The meat-type is mostly white, while the landrace-type is more variable in color and type.



Nolana  - Sheep Breeds

About Norfolk Horn SheepNorfolk Horn


Norfolk Horn sheep originated in Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridge, England. They are one of the ancient Heath breeds now being revived in small numbers. Norfolk Horn sheep were used along with Southdown in the development of Suffolk sheep.


They area a medium-sized breed with a long body and legs. Their face and legs are black or dark brown and free of wool. Their fleece is white with new born lambs being mottled. Both sexes are horned and the horn pattern is an open spiral.



Norfolk Horn  - Sheep Breeds

About North Country Cheviot SheepNorth Country Cheviot


North Country Cheviot (NCC) Sheep are a big, long rugged, white sheep which combines thriftiness and healthiness with prolificacy and strong maternal qualities. The largest of all the UK hill breeds, it is particularly suited to grassy hills and uplands. Average mature ewe weighs 55-65kg hill, 75-90kg upland, rams 75-85kg hill, 95-100kg upland.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

North Country Cheviot  - Sheep Breeds

About North of England Mule SheepNorth of England Mule


North of England Mule Sheep, also referred to as the The Original Mule, has earned the right to be called the most popular lowland ewe in Britain. When crossed with quality terminal sires she has the ability to produce large crops of the quality fat lamb so demanded by today's markets. Combine this with her great mothering ability, hardiness and general ease of management and it is easy to see why North Of England Mules can be seen throughout lowland Britain.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

North of England Mule  - Sheep Breeds

About North Ronaldsay SheepNorth Ronaldsay


North Ronaldsay are a small rare breed of sheep of the Northern short-tailed group of breeds. They have remained virtually unchanged. Their most unique feature is their diet, which consists mostly of seaweed. Mature ewes rarely exceed 25 kg (55 lbs); rams about 30 to 35 kg (66-77 lbs.). They are primitive and fine-boned and have evolved in a specialized seashore environment on their native island.

 
They adapt well to mainland management including conservation grazing. Rams are horned, but ewes can be horned, polled, or scurred. Virtually any color of wool is possible. Wool is fairy fine, with some kemp. Rams develop a mane and beard of coarse hair. There are about 3,700 of these sheep still on the isla ...


North Ronaldsay  - Sheep Breeds

About Nostrana SheepNostrana


Nostrana sheep are an indigenous Italian breed, descended from Garfagnina (Apennine Group) sheep. They are from the provinces of Massa-Carrara (Tuscany) and Parma (Emilia-Romagna). They are medium sized (males: 65 cm, females: 60 cm, at withers) with white wool. They are raised for meat and wool.


Content and photo source: Agraia.org.



Nostrana  - Sheep Breeds

About Noticiana SheepNoticiana


Noticiana sheep mainly have a white coat with a thin red-brick colored light head. They are mainly reared for milk. They are an autochthonous Sicilian sheep breed comes from Comisana sheep. They area a rustic frugal breed that are well-suitable to harsh environment.

Content and photo source: Agraia.org.

Noticiana  - Sheep Breeds

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Old Norwegian SheepOld Norwegian


Old Norwegian Sheep are a small primitive type of sheep which inhabited Norway and the rest of Scandinavia as well, including Iceland and Faeroes. They are small framed, with good legs and a fleece varying in color from almost white to greyish, dark brown, badger-faced, muflon pattern and black.  


Adult males weigh on average 43 kg (95 lbs) and females 32 kg (70 lbs). The fleece is remarkably fine and in contrast to the mouflon, the inner fleece is highly developed. The outer coat has long fibers, up to 30 cm (11.8 in) around the neck on the males. Normally, they shed their fleece naturally in early July. All the males of this breed are horned with approximately 10 % of the ewes also being horned. This ...


Old Norwegian  - Sheep Breeds

About Omahaki SheepOmahaki


In 1976, Omahaki feral sheep were reported to be found around the confluence of the Ngaruroro and the Taruarau Rivers, in the Eastern Ruahine State Forest, and on the Big Hill and Omahaki stations, New Zealand. There appeared to be several hundred sheep spread over an area of some 7000 hectares of scrubland, screes and bluffs.

Scientist Tony Whitaker noted that the origin of this flock was uncertain but it was known to have existed there for over fifty years. It was probably the remnant of a much larger feral flock that had its beginning in the Merino sheep that had been grazed on the open tops of the Ruahines in the previous century. There were indications that the proportion of black sheep in the Omahaki flock was ...

Omahaki  - Sheep Breeds

About Ossimi SheepOssimi


Ossimi sheep originated in the Ossim village in the Giza Governorate of Egypt and are the most popular among the Nile and Delta sheep breeds. They are thought to be expanding their range at the expense of other breeds.  

They are adapted to variable conditions and are usually raised under intensive cropping conditions. They are a medium sized sheep, narrow, with a shallow body and long legs. They are multi-colored, usually white with a brown head, neck, and legs. They produce coarse/carpet wool and have a fat tail. Rams are horned.

Ossimi  - Sheep Breeds

About Ouessant SheepOuessant


Ouessant (also known Ushant, Breton Island Dwarf, and Mouton d'Ouessant) sheep are a Northern European short-tailed sheep breeds and are one of the smallest sheep in the world. They originated on Ile d'Ouessant, a small island off the coast of Brittany, France. The average body height of the mature ewes is around 18 inches tall at the shoulder. And the mature rams stand around 19 inches tall at the shoulder.

Most of them are dark brown or black; but sometimes they are white. The average thickness of their wool is 27 to 28 microns. They are suitable for fine knitting yarns and soft weaving yarns. The ewes are polled, while the rams are horned. And the rams have relatively large horns as compared to their body. 

Ouessant  - Sheep Breeds

About Oxford SheepOxford


Oxford, also known as Oxford Down, Sheep are the largest and heaviest of the Down breeds. With a capacity for fast growing and early maturity, it is an ideal crossing ram, producing light carcasses in early lambing flocks earlier than its contemporaries and catching the market whilst prices are good. When kept for heavy lamb production, the heavier carcasses are produced without unwanted fat, being most suitable for today's market.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Oxford  - Sheep Breeds

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Pagliarola SheepPagliarola


Pagliarola sheep are from Abruzzo, Molise, and Campania Italy. They are usually yellowish-white but sometimes reddish-black. They are medium-sized (males: 65-70 cm, females: 60-65 cm at withers) and both sexes are polled. They are raised for meat, milk, and wool.

Content and photo source: agrarian.org.

Pagliarola  - Sheep Breeds

About Painted Desert SheepPainted Desert


Painted Desert Sheep are spotted hair sheep that receive most of their influence from Mouflon sheep. Before being established as a separate breed, they were considered by many to be a parti-colored Corsican. Other early influence came from Merino and Rambouillet sheep, and a few four-horned individuals stem from Jacob or Churro ancestry. Long desired by hunters because of the large horns and aesthetic, flashy looks, the Painted Desert is now popular among exotic and alternative livestock fanciers.  


Painted Desert sheep shed their short winter wool naturally each spring, leaving a glossy, slick coat. Their colors can be very wild with mixes of up to four or five colors. They breed out of season and lamb twi ...


Painted Desert  - Sheep Breeds

About Panama SheepPanama


Panama sheep are one of only two recognized breeds of sheep which were developed in the United States by private sheep breeders. Originating in Idaho in the early 1900's, the Panama began as a cross between Rambouillet rams and Lincoln ewes. Following approximately five years of crossbreeding, rams and ewes were mated among themselves to establish the breed.  


Panama sheep are a hardy breed that are highly adapted to range areas with ample feed conditions. They are polled, resemble the Columbia breed, but are more intermediate in size, and produce a heavy, dense medium-grade fleece with a long staple length.



Panama  - Sheep Breeds

About Pedi SheepPedi


Pedi sheep are native to South Africa. They are one of three of the Nguni type, along with Zulu and Swazi, they have been in the region since 200-400 AD. They get their name and characteristics from having been raised primarily by the Bapedi people in the north of the country. Pedi are smaller fat-tailed sheep kept for meat, are polled, and are generally white, brown, and red.    

Pedi  - Sheep Breeds

About Pelibuey SheepPelibuey


Pelibuey are hair sheep, probably closely related to the West African, Red African, African or Africana breed of Columbia and Venezuela. They are descended from the West African Dwarf and are found in Cuba, coastal areas of Mexico, and other locales in the Caribbean. 75 percent of sheep population in Cuba are Pelibuey.  


Their hair color ranges from beige, brown, dark brown, red, white, black, and roan, with both solid and a combination of colors found. Males do carry a throat ruff, but usually do not have horns.



Pelibuey  - Sheep Breeds

About Perendale SheepPerendale


Perendale was developed in New Zealand during the 1950's at Massey University to meet the needs of hill country farmers on developing country. It is still a very popular breed in New Zealand. Developed from the Cheviot and Romney, Perendale sheep are a dual-purpose sheep producing a 28-32 micron wool with a 125 mm (5 in) staple length.

Perendale sheep are very fertile and have great potential to produce a prime lamb dam when crossed with a Merino. As a purebred, their hardiness makes them ideally suited to colder, high rainfall areas. Perendales are easy to care for; the ewes have little trouble lambing and are good mothers. Triplets are rare. However, they are very active and independent sheep.

Perendale  - Sheep Breeds

About Pinzirita SheepPinzirita


Pinzirita sheep are found in the area surrounding Sicily in southern Italy. They are a coarse-wool breed kept for milk and meat production.They have black or brown marks on the face and legs. The males are horned and the females are polled.

Content and photo source: Agraia.org.

Pinzirita  - Sheep Breeds

About Pitt Island SheepPitt Island


In the nineteen-seventies a feral flock of several thousand sheep could be found on Pitt Island in the Chatham group, New Zealand.

These possibly derived from Saxony Merinos first taken to South-East Island - another island in the Chatham group - in 1841 and later transferred to Pitt Island. In any case, the flock is known with certainty to have been in existence for almost a century.

A Reserve for 300 of these animals was created on Pitt Island in 1981. A number have also been taken to mainland New Zealand.

Pitt Island sheep are almost all colored and have the self-shedding fleeces characteristic of feral breeds. The rams are impressively horned - up to a meter long measured around the cu ...

Pitt Island  - Sheep Breeds

About Plezzana SheepPlezzana


Plezzana sheep (also known as Bovska sheep in Slovenia) descend from Zaupel sheep, which were spread all over Europe during the middle ages. They are medium-small sheep (males: 64 cm, females: 60 cm, at the withers). They are multi-purpose sheep. The milk is used for cheese production. The mixed wool is used for the production of loden, felt, and tweed. They are medium framed, thin-legged and finely boned sheep. They have a narrow head and a straight nose profile. They are mostly white, although black-brown and pied animals do occur. Rams are polled. Plezzana sheep are hardy and modest. The meat is tasty and fine-fibred. Milking performance is good. The mixed wool is suitable for many purposes.


Contenta nd phot ...


Plezzana  - Sheep Breeds

About Polish Merino SheepPolish Merino


Merino sheep were first introduced into Poland from Spain in 1786. In the early 19th century, Electoral Merinos were imported. After 1860, Merinos of the Rambouillet and Precoce types were brought to Poland, and work towards a dual-purpose type of sheep was begun. In the period between 1918 and 1939, the breed was improved for meat traits using such breeds as the Mele and Ile de France, created on the basis of English Longwool sheep.  


After 1945, Fleischmerinos and Landmerinos were introduced into some of the Merno flocks which survived the war. The Polish Merino flocks are located mostly in western Poland. The Polish Merino shows both meat and wool traits.



Polish Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About Polish Mountain SheepPolish Mountain


Polish Mountain Sheep evolved from the old Carpathian Cakiel, and especially one of its varieties - the primitive Podhale sheep. They can be found in the whole Polish part of the Carpathian mountains; however, they are most frequently found in the Podhale region near the town of Nowy Sacz, where the breed traditionally originates. They have a light build, thin but strong legs, and narrow rump.

Polish Mountain sheep are milked. The milk yield is 50 to 100 liters per lactation and 40 to 80 liters in a milking period of 150 days with a fat content of 7 to 8%. Meat production is rather poor. The wool is white and coarse, suitable for carpet manufacture. The thatch-like coat consists of loose locks, with a characteristi ...


Polish Mountain  - Sheep Breeds

About Poll Dorset SheepPoll Dorset


Poll Dorsets are a short wool, meat producing sheep that were developed in Australia between 1937 and 1954 with the aim of breeding a true Dorset type sheep without horns. They were developed at a property called Valmore in Whitemore, Tasmania, a noted center for pedigree livestock stud farms. Poll Dorset resulted from the introduction of Corriedale and Ryeland blood into the Dorset Horn.

Their main distinguishing features are its hornless appearance, long, lean square body set on short legs, pink skin and 'spongy' short-stapled wool. Poll Dorsets produce a fleece of white, dense downs type wool of around 30 microns fiber diameter and they have a white wool free face.

Poll Dorset rams are the most commonl ...

Poll Dorset  - Sheep Breeds

About Polled Dorset SheepPolled Dorset


Polled Dorset is a breed of sheep developed for meat at the North Carolina State University Small Ruminant Unit in 1956. Their name refers to the fact that they area hornless variation of the Horned Dorset sheep. Polled Dorsets are the result of a genetic mutation by which some of the offspring of a certain ram grew no horns. After some years of breeding work, a strain of Dorset was developed which had lost the characteristic horns and which bred true.  

Polled Dorsets are an all-white, medium-sized sheep, prolific and able to breed out of season. The carcases are muscular with good conformation and the adults produce a thick fleece, which is free from dark fibers. Since its development, the number of Polled Dors ...

Polled Dorset  - Sheep Breeds

About Polwarth SheepPolwarth


Polwarth sheep are a dual-purpose sheep, developed in Victoria, Australia, in 1880. They are 75 percent Merino and 25 percent Lincoln. Polwarths are well suited to areas with improved pastures and are mainly found in the higher rainfall districts of southern Australia. They have been successfully exported to many countries, particularly South America where they are know as 'Ideals'.  


Polwarth sheep are found polled and horned sheep with the polled types predominating. They are large framed, robust, and produces a high-yielding, soft-handling fleece of 22-25 micron fiber diameter. Much of the emphasis within the breed has been directed towards developing and improving the wool aspects.



Polwarth  - Sheep Breeds

About Polypay SheepPolypay


Polypay are synthetic sheep, developed in the 1970's at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station in Dubois, Idaho, and Nicholas Farms at Sonoma, California. Targhee x Dorset and Rambouillet x Finnsheep crosses were mated to form a 4-breed composite that could produce two lamb crops and one wool crop per year.  


Polypays are a medium-sized, prolific breed with an extended breeding season. Good mothers and milkers, they produce lambs with acceptable growth and carcass quality. The name Polypay comes from "poly" for many or much and "pay" to indicate a return on investment and labor.



Polypay  - Sheep Breeds

About Pomarancina SheepPomarancina


Pecora Pomarancina sheep are a medium sized white sheep that most likely .evolved from Appenninica sheep. They are found in Tuscany and Siena, Italy. Their milk quality is quite good with a fat content 6/7% and wool, which is principally used for the production of mattresses.

Content and Photo source: Agraria.org.

Pomarancina  - Sheep Breeds

About Pomeranian Coarsewool SheepPomeranian Coarsewool


Pomeranian Coarsewool Sheep, also known as just Pomereranian, or Pommersches Rauhwollschaf; Pommernschaf; or Rauhwolliges Pommersches Landschaf) is an old domestic sheep breed from the Pomerania region (split between Germany and Poland). The first records of similar sheep in Pomerania can be traced to more than 3000 years ago. They are raised primarily for meat and vegetation management.

Pomeranian Coarsewool Sheep are polled (hornless), and have a black head with slate-blue or grey wool on the body; the lambs are born completely black. Their legs are covered with wool, and have a blue tongue. Their fleece has shorter hairs amongst the longer wool.

Initially, Pomeranian Sheep were called Grauwollschafe ("g ...

Pomeranian Coarsewool  - Sheep Breeds

About Portland SheepPortland


Portland Sheep are a heathland breed from the Dorset area of the UK – not Portland Oregon or Portland Maine - and a representative of the tan-faced group of breeds from the South West. It is a small animal, the average adult ewe weighing 38-40kg. The legs are an even tan color. The face is a tan color but may have lighter areas around the eyes and muzzle. Some sheep carry a light covering of wool on the forehead but the rest of the face is free from wool. The horns of the ram are heavily spiraled; in ewes they curve through a half circle.

Content and photo source: National Sheep Association.

Portland  - Sheep Breeds

About Priangan SheepPriangan


Priangan Sheep are from Priangan(a mountainous region in West Java province on the island of Java in Indonesia). They are raised for meat and sport fighting.

Priangan rams are selected for size, horn size, and for fighting ability. The champion rams are highly priced and may fetch up to 300,000 rupiah ( US $722 ). However, they are not used for breeding during their fighting career as it is feared that mating would deprive them of their taste for fighting.

Priangan is a variety of the Javanese Thin-tailed sheep. Some indications are that Africander and Merino breeding were introduced in the 19th century. They are usually black or pied, occasionally individuals will be gray or tan. Males are horned and femal ...

Priangan  - Sheep Breeds

About Pusterese SheepPusterese


Pusterese, also known as Pustera Gigante, Nobile di Badia, Gadertaler, Tedesca di Pusteria, Sextner, Tauferer, or Aurina, sheep are from Tyrol, Italy. Their coat is white-straw yellow. Neither gender have horns. They are medium sized (males: 75 cm, females: 65-70 cm, at the withers) and are bred for meat and wool.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Pusterese  - Sheep Breeds

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Quadrella SheepQuadrella


Quadrella sheep are raised for meat and milk found in the region surrounding Campania, southern Italy. They were formerly a variety of Gentile di Puglia . They are white. Both horned and naturally hornless animals are found.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Quadrella  - Sheep Breeds

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Rabo Largo SheepRabo Largo


Rabo Largo, meaning broad tail, are sheep found in northeastern Brazil. They originated from fat-tailed hair breeds which were brought from Africa and crossed with the native Crioulo sheep.

They are white, pied, or white, with a colored head. Both sexes are horned. Individuals within the breed vary between hair and carpet wool. The breed is one of the long fat-tailed breeds.


Rabo Largo  - Sheep Breeds

About Racka SheepRacka


Image by Teglasi Szelbori Komondor Racka sheep are a unique Zackel-type breed that originated in Hungary. Both ewes and rams have long spiral shaped horns. 

The cork-screw horns protrude almost straight upward from the top of the head. Mature males may have horns as long as two feet or more. The minimum standard length is given as 50 cm (20 inches) for rams and 30 cm (12-15 inches) for ewes.

They are raised for milk, wool, and meat production. They are hardy often used in crossbreeding due to its ability to pass this survivability to its offspring. 


Racka  - Sheep Breeds

About Raglan SheepRaglan


The Raglan Romney feral sheep were sourced from a bush and scrub-covered peninsula jutting into the eastern side of Raglan Harbor in the Waikato, New Zealand.

The first group of two rams and four ewes was mustered in April 1976; eight ewes were added in December of that same year. (The peninsula was subsequently cleared of bush - and sheep - and broken in for farming.)

The descendants of this small flock remained in the care of Government farms since that time until mid-2005. Apart from a few rams that were released to one breeder for use in grading up, a carefully controlled breeding program was undertaken over that period to retain the genetic purity of the line.

Raglan Sheep are relatively small, a ...

Raglan  - Sheep Breeds

About Rahmany SheepRahmany


Rahmany, or Rahmani, sheep originated in northern Syria and northern Turkey and were introduced into Egypt in the 9th century. The breed is named after Rahmania, a village in the Beheira Governorate in Egypt.

They are believed to have some resistance to internal parasites. They breed all year round and the twinning rate is relatively high. They are the largest of the Egyptian sheep breeds. They produce coarse/carpet wool and have a fat-tail. Their color is brown, which fades with age.

Rahmany  - Sheep Breeds

About Rambouillet SheepRambouillet


Rambouillet are considered the backbone of the American Sheep Industry, forming the foundation of most western range flocks and raised throughout the United States. Rambouillet sheep descend entirely from the Spanish Merino. In fact, they are the French version of the Merino developed when Louis XVI imported 386 Spanish Merinos in 1786 for his estate at Rambouillet.  

Though named for the town in France, the breed owes much of its development to Germany and the United States. Rambouillet sheep are a dual-purpose sheep, producing a desirable carcass and good fine wool. Rambouillets are large sized, rugged and long-lived with a strong flocking instinct. Rambouillet ewes possess many desirable traits which have resu ...

Rambouillet  - Sheep Breeds

About Red Engadine SheepRed Engadine


Red Engadine sheep originated in Switzerland in Lower Engadin and in the bordering Tirolian and Bavarian valleys. They originate from local varieties, from the Stone Sheep, and the Bergamask sheep. They are medium to large framed and are distinguished by their ram nose and their long, hanging ears.

They have a dark-brown body and a red-brown, medium to coarse wool which with increasing age becomes lighter. They are an easy-care sheep, well suited to extensive production situations. In the 1980's, the breed was almost extinct in Switzerland, but conservation efforts reversed the trend and in 1992, the Swiss Engadine Sheep Breeders Club was formed.

Red Engadine  - Sheep Breeds

About Red Maasai SheepRed Maasai


Red Maasai, or Red Masai, are an East African fat-tailed type of hair sheep used for meat production. They are found in northern Tanzania, south central Kenya, and Uganda.

Masai are red-brown, occasionally pied. Males are horned or polled. Females are usually polled. Red Masai are known for being resistant to internal parasites.

Red Maasai  - Sheep Breeds

About Rhoen SheepRhoen


Rhoen sheep are one of the oldest landrace breeds in Germany. They were mentioned in 1844 in the files of the convent of Fulda: "The common sheep of the Rhoen farmer is a normal German sheep with peculiar characteristics, which even in foreign countries is known as Rhoenschaf. It is yellow-white with a black hornless head and is clothed in coarse, non-elastic wool, with little crimp. Its body is large, the bones are strong, and it lends itself to fattening."

Pictures from 1873 show that the Rhoenschaf then was similar to the one of today, despite crossbreeding attempts with Cotswold, Oxfordshire, and Merino rams. Even today it is a medium to large-sized sheep with long legs and no horns. It is the only breed with white ...

Rhoen  - Sheep Breeds

About Rideau Arcott SheepRideau Arcott


Rideau Arcott, or just Rideau, sheep are one of three Canadian breeds. Their development began in 1968 at Agriculture Canada's Animal Research Centre in Ottawa when the Centre's Suffolk, Shropshire, and Dorset sheep were combined with imported breeds: Finnish Landrace and East Friesian. 

In 1974, the Rideau was closed to the introduction of new genetic material.  
From 1974 to 1977, the numbers within the breed were multiplied with minimal culling to broaden the genetic base. From 1977 to 1986, selection emphasis was on high fertility and the potential for year round lambing and to a lesser extent retail cut yield. In 1988 and 1989, the breed was released to nucleus flock owners.

Sin ...

Rideau Arcott  - Sheep Breeds

About Romanov SheepRomanov


Romanov sheep originated in the Volga Valley, northeast of Moscow. The name "Romanov" comes from the royal family of Russia. These sheep were first noticed in the 18th century, and were later imported into Germany and then France. In 1980, the Canadian government brought in 14 Romanov ewes and 4 rams for testing and put them into quarantine for 5 years. After that, some were brought to the United States.

Romanov ewes tend to lamb by the litter. Most other sheep give birth to singles and twins, while the Romanov average about 2-5 lambs per lambing. When the lambs are born they are pure black but when they get older they turn gray. Romanov wool (a mixture of gray wool and black guard hair) is used for rugs, mats, and wall han ...

Romanov  - Sheep Breeds

About Romney SheepRomney


Romney Sheep are a dual purpose breed, used for wool and meat, that originated in the Romney Marshes of Kent England. They are one of the world most successful sheep breeds.

They are large framed and carry a heavy long-wooled fleece. They have a broad white face, sometimes with a small woolly top knot. Both sexes are hornless. Rams average 250 lbs., ewes average 175-200 lbs. Their fleece on average their fleece weighs 10-12lbs.

Romney Sheep are very hardy and easy to maintain. Due to their swampy origin, they are more resistant to foot rot and liver flukes than most breeds.


Whether shorn once or twice a year, the wool clip from a purebred Romney flock is sought by commercial wool buyers an ...


Romney  - Sheep Breeds

About Roslag SheepRoslag


Roslag are an endangered sheep from Sweden. They originated from the remnant populations of Swedish landrace breeds that used to be rather common all over the countryside, but are generally believed to have come from Raggaron in Roslagen, Sweden.  

They are small and generally white or ivory colored (although 10% of the population are black or white-black bi-colored), they are a short-tailed and are usually used in the production of wool and meat. Their wool is a carpetwool type; with long, straight or curly guard hair and a thick cover of underwool, which can be up to 30 cm long. Only the rams are horned. Ewes can lamb throughout the entire year and usually have only one lamb, but twins do occur.  
...

Roslag  - Sheep Breeds

About Rosset SheepRosset


Rosset sheep are a transhumant (magratory) breed found in western Aosta Province, mainly in the three tributary valleys of the Dora Baltea: Val Grisanche, Val di Rhemes, and Val Savaranche. A small number of rosset sheep can be found with other breeds in several valleys of rivers flowing south from Mt Fallere, and in the Val Pelline. They are kept in small flocks of five to ten heads. They are stall-fed during the winter at the farmsteads in the valley. In the summer, the flocks of many owners are combined into bands of about 500 head and taken with cattle up to the mountain slopes where they graze and are tended by professional shepherds. In mid-September they are returned to their owners in the valley.

Rossets rese ...

Rosset  - Sheep Breeds

About Rouge de l'Ouest SheepRouge de l'Ouest


Rouge de L'ouest are medium-sized Sheep. As its name suggests its head, which is hornless, can vary from pink to deep red and is covered with fine hair. The legs are a similar color to the head and are covered in fine hair. The fleece is fine with a short staple which grows into a dense 'jacket' giving the breed ample protection against the harshest weather. Average mature ewes weighs 75-100kg, rams 100-140kg.

Content and Photo Content: National Sheep Association.

Rouge de l'Ouest  - Sheep Breeds

About Rouge de Roussillon SheepRouge de Roussillon


Rouge du Roussillon are an endangered breed of sheep from southern France. They are primarily raised in the French Mediterranean countryside for lamb meat. They are of Algerian descent, and came to France in the 18th century, and were likely introduced to France via Spain.  

They are a medium fine-wool breed. The males typically weigh 75-100 kg and stand 75-90 cm tall, while the ewes normally weigh around 55-65 kg and stand 65-75 cm tall. They have white wool with a red head and legs. They are extremely hardy, and are able to survive all year outside. They can also thrive at high temperatures, and can live in climates with temperatures of over 40 degrees Celsius. However, they also do well in colder climates with ...

Rouge de Roussillon  - Sheep Breeds

About Rough Fell SheepRough Fell


Rough Fell Sheep are horned with a black head and a definite white patch on their nose. Their body is large and long with a broad loin, strong frame and legs with a noble carriage. Average mature ewes weigh 50kg and rams weigh 80kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

Rough Fell  - Sheep Breeds

About Roussin SheepRoussin


Roussin Sheep are a medium-sized breed that has a brown face and legs. The head and legs are free from wool. Both sexes are polled. Average mature ewe weighs 70-90kg, rams 90-110kg.


Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.



Roussin  - Sheep Breeds

About Royal White SheepRoyal White


Royal White is a new breed of hair sheep privately funded and developed by William Hoag, of Dorpcroix Sheep Farm in Hermeleigh, Texas. They are a cross between Dorper and St. Croix sheep.

They are pure white. They grow a longer hair in the winter that is shed off naturally in the spring. Ewes and rams are naturally hornless. Texas Tech and Texas A & M University are currently doing research with the breed with regards to meat production and scrapie resistance.

Royal White  - Sheep Breeds

About Ruda SheepRuda


Ruda sheep are found mostly in Albania and Croatia. In 2009, Ruda sheep were the most endangered breed of sheep in the Republic of Croatia. Ruda may be related to Romanian Tsigai Sheep. They are primarily raised for wool. They are well adapted to low temperatures and mountain grazing.  

They have white or blond wool with a pink skin. They have a white head and white spots on their body and head. At the withers, the mature ewes average 55 cm (21.6 inches) and rams 65 cm (25.6 inches). The mature ewes average 38 kg (83.7 lbs) and rams 48 kg (105.8 lbs). 

Ruda  - Sheep Breeds

About Rya SheepRya


Rya sheep are from Sweden, they are also known as Swedish Carpet Wool Sheep or Ryafar sheep. They originated from Norwegian, Swedish, and Norwegian Spaelsau sheep. They were raised to produce long, wavy and shiny wool to produce rya-wool.

Few long wool sheep breeds remained in the province of Dalarna, leading to the restoration of this sheep breed in the early 20th century. And there was a stable population of about 2000 Rya sheep in 2000. Currently most of the population of them can be found in the northern and central Sweden, and most of the herds are located in Dalarna. Dalarna had a population of sheep with long wool at the start of the twentieth century, which was popular in the area to decorate national customers. ...

Rya  - Sheep Breeds

About Ryeland SheepRyeland


Ryeland Sheep have face's that are well-wooled and their ears are of medium size, slightly dark in color. Ryeland's heads have no trace of horn. Its chest is broad and fairly deep and has a straight, level back. Its legs are a dull white color, well wooled to knee and hock with strong, compact feet renowned for freedom from foot rot. Its fleece is dense, free from dark fibers, coarseness and kemp. Average mature ewe weighs 50-60kg, rams 75-80kg.


Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.



Ryeland  - Sheep Breeds

About Rygja SheepRygja


Rygja sheep are originally from Rogaland in south west Norway. In the 18th century the local Norwegian Spael sheep were crossed with several imported breeds, such as Merino, South Down, and Leicester. After 1860 mostly Cheviot and Sutherland sheep were imported and had also an influence. In later years further crossings have been made with Texel, Finnsheep, Dala, and Steigar sheep.

Rygja sheep are now spread throughout Norway and are bred for both meat and wool production. They are white and long-tailed. Both rams and ewes are polled. Their wool wool is uniform with a mean fiber diameter of 37.4 microns. Their mean greasy fleece weight is around 3.5 kg. They are known for producing shiny wool, almost free of medullated ...

Rygja  - Sheep Breeds

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Saeftinger SheepSaeftinger


Saeftinger sheep originated around 1986 by crossing a Romanov ram onto Suffolk ewes. The breed takes its name from the salt meadows where it grazes.

Saeftinger meat is considered a culinary specialty. Mature ewes average 2.2 lambs per lambing; ewe lambs, 2.0. Three lamb crops in two years is common. Ewes and rams are both hornless.


Saeftinger  - Sheep Breeds

About Sakiz SheepSakiz


Sakiz are a carpet wool sheep that is also kept for meat and milk production. They can be found in the region surrounding Izmir in Turkey. The males are horned.

Sakiz  - Sheep Breeds

About Saltasassi SheepSaltasassi


Saltasassi sheep are from northern Italy. They are medium-small (males: 60-65 cm, females: 55 cm at the withers), they have white wool, and are raised for meat.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Saltasassi  - Sheep Breeds

About Sambucana SheepSambucana


Sambucana, also known as Demontina, sheep are an indigenous Italian breed, probably descended from Garessio sheep. They are found in southwestern Cuneo Province (Piedmont), in the valleys of the rivers Bagni, Stura di Demonte, and, formerly, the Maira. The elevation of the valleys is from 1.300 to 2.000 meters, with snow on the ground four to five months of the year.

They have yellow-white wool: about 8 percent of the breed are dark brown or black. Their head is slightly convex; ears are horizontal and small, and the tail thin and hanging to the hocks. Both genders are usually polled; however, rams with small horns are considered locally to be the purest representatives of the breed.

They are medium-large (ma ...

Sambucana  - Sheep Breeds

About Santa Cruz SheepSanta Cruz


Santa Cruz Sheep are from Santa Cruz Island, California, USA. There is considerable uncertainty as how and when sheep got to Santa Cruz island. It's believed that Merino, Rambouillet, and perhaps some Churro sheep are part of their ancestry. However, it is certain that they have been feral for the last 70 years. The Nature Conservancy acquired 88% of the island during the 1970's and began an eradication program in 1980.

In 1988, twelve lambs were brought off the island by a team of Nature Conservancy and ALBC volunteers and were placed with five California breeders to begin a population rebuilding effort. The Santa Cruz Island sheep breed is an important genetic resource. Its historic background, long period of isolation, a ...

Santa Cruz  - Sheep Breeds

About Santa Ines SheepSanta Ines


Santa Ines is a breed of hair sheep found in Brazil. They are generally thought to be a cross of Morada Nova, a course-wooled Italian breed, Bergamasca, and a native coarse-wooled Crioula, followed by a period of selection or evolution for absence of fleece. Colors range from red, black and white and can be spotted or solid. They have large bodies, are long-legged and have large pendulous ears and are polled.

Rams do not have a throat ruff. They have a low litter size of 1.25. Mature weights of the ewes in the field fall between 40 and 50 kg. (88 to 110 lbs.), and if well fed, the rams can weigh as much as 100 kg (220 lbs).

Santa Ines  - Sheep Breeds

About Sardinian SheepSardinian


Sardinian, also known as Sarda, sheep are an indigenous breed from Sardinia; they are also found in central Italy. They are well adapted to live on karst soils. They are white and raised for milk production.

Pecorino sarda cheese is made only from Sardinian sheep milk coming from the island of Sardinia off the coast of Italy. In Sardinia, there are more sheep than people.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.


Sardinian  - Sheep Breeds

About Savoiarda SheepSavoiarda


Savoiarda sheep are an indigenous breed found in the Province of Turin, Piedmont, Italy. They are well-adapted to the local environment (plains and hills).

They are dirty white except for the nose, eyes, ears, and legs, which may have black spots. Their long ears hang horizontally, and their tail is long and thin. Only the rams are horned. They have a mattress type fleece, 120 - 150 mm long, with no kemp. They are raised for meat, mainly, but also for milk and wool.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Savoiarda  - Sheep Breeds

About Schnalserschaf SheepSchnalserschaf


Schnalserschaf (also known asUltnerschaf , Val Senales, or Schnalserschaf) sheep are from the province of Bolzano, northern Italy. They are an Alpine meat breed. About 80 percent are white, 15 percent black, and 5 percent are brown. Both genderes are polled.They are raised for meat and wool.

They are derived from local sheep (Steinschaf or Roccia) crossed with Bergamo, and are similar in appearance to the latter, Italy's largest breed. They are stall-fed in the valley during the winter. From late May to late September the holdings are combined into bands of 300–500 head and taken to graze in alpine pastures above 2 500 m elevation.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Schnalserschaf  - Sheep Breeds

About Scotch Mule SheepScotch Mule


Photo Source: National Sheep Association Scotch Mule sheep are an intentionally produced crossbred sheep out of Scottish Blackface ewes and sired by Bluefaced Leicester rams. The term "mule" (when it refers to sheep) is used for an intentionally produced crossbred sheep that is sired by a Bluefaced Leicester ram. In the United Kingdom, Mule ewes are the backbone of the commercial sheep industry. The various types of Mules are the most popular commercial ewes in the UK, and the Bluefaced Leicester is the number one crossing sire there.

They are medium sized, polled and have a mottled brown face while the fine white wool should have a curled appearance (passed down from the sire). Average mature bodyweight 70kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep ...

Scotch Mule  - Sheep Breeds

About Scottish Blackface SheepScottish Blackface


Scottish Blackface, also known as just Blackface, Sheep are the most numerous of British breeds. They are found over a wide spectrum of hill and marginal ground throughout Great Britain and Ireland. All Blackfaces are horned, with black or black and white face and legs. The fleece should be free of black fiber, and can vary from short, fine wool used for carpets and tweeds to strong coarse, which is mainly sold for the Italian mattress trade. Influenced by climate, environment and grazing quality several distinct types have evolved within the breed and are generally identified by the centers at which they are sold. The Perth type, a large framed sheep with a medium to heavy coat, is found mainly in North East Scotland and North ...

Scottish Blackface  - Sheep Breeds

About Scottish Dunface SheepScottish Dunface


Scottish Dunface (also known as Old Scottish Short-wool, Scottish Whiteface, or Scottish Tanface) are an extinct breed of sheep originally from Scotland. They were part of the Northern European short-tailed sheep group, and they were probably similar to the sheep kept throughout the British Isles in the Iron Age. By the mid-nineteenth century they had mostly been displaced by the Scottish Blackface and became extinct on the mainland of Scotland in the late nineteenth century. However, several local types of Dunface survived on islands around Scotland, giving rise to or contributing to existing breeds including the Shetland, North Ronaldsay, Hebridean and Boreray.



Scottish Dunface  - Sheep Breeds

About Scottish Greyface SheepScottish Greyface


Scottish Greyface sheep are produced by crossing a Border Leicester ram with a Scottish Blackface ewe.

Scottish Greyface sheep have a speckled gray face. Their body is long, well-sprung, and evenly fleshed. Scottish Greyface sheep can be found in all parts of the British Isles.

Scottish Greyface ewes are used to produce quality prime lamb when put to a terminal sire.

Scottish Greyface  - Sheep Breeds

About Serrai SheepSerrai


Serrai sheep are from Greece. They are bred primarily for meat and milk.  

They have a roman nose and a thin tail. The rams have horns, weigh 78 kg at maturity are grow to 68 cm at the withers. The ewes have small horns 30% of the time, weigh 68 kg and grow to a height of 73 cm. On average, ewes produce 1.5 lambs per litter. They lactate 154 to 236 days (average 221 days) with an average yield of 0.7 kg of milk per day with a 7% fat content. The fiber has a 34 micron diameter.

Serrai  - Sheep Breeds

About Shetland SheepShetland


Shetland Sheep are one of the smallest of the British sheep. The ewes are usually hornless, and the rams have nicely-rounded horns, not too heavy, nor too close together. Their head is well carried, their face is of medium length with a straight nose and bright eyes, the back is straight and of medium length.

They originated in the Shetland Isles, but is they are now kept in many other parts of the world. They are part of the Northern European short-tailed sheep group. Shetlands are classified as a landrace or "unimproved" breed. They are kept for their very fine wool, for meat, and for conservation grazing.

Although Shetlands are small and slow-growing compared to commercial breeds, they are hardy, thrifty, easy ...

Shetland  - Sheep Breeds

About Shetland-Cheviot SheepShetland-Cheviot


Shetland-Cheviot sheep are the result of a North Country Cheviot ram bred with a Shetland ewe. The hybrid vigor produced from the crossing the two pure breeds ensures that the Shetland-Cheviot retains the features of both. They are hardy, thrifty, and milky with their sire's excellent conformation.  

Following the realization that a small ewe crossed with a large, fast growing sire could produce prime lamb very efficiently, producers outside Shetland turned to the breed, which has spread into the Orkneys, Caithness, and down through Scotland. The Shetland-Cheviot's main purpose is to produce quality lamb when put to a suitable ram, usually a terminal sire.


Shetland-Cheviot  - Sheep Breeds

About Shropshire SheepShropshire


Shropshire Sheep are medium sized Sheep. They are active and alert. They have a soft black face, with a covering of wool on the poll. Their ears should be soft, black and well set on. Their body is well-fleshed, long, deep and symmetrical, having a broad straight back with well-sprung ribs. Their legs are medium in length, of strong bone and upright joints, well set apart and soft black in color. Their cherry skin is covered in dense, fine quality wool weighing 3-4kg with an average staple of 10cm. Average mature ewe weighs 80kg, rams 120kg.


Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association



Shropshire  - Sheep Breeds

About Skudde SheepSkudde


Skudde are nordic, short-tailed heather sheep. They originally were from East Prussia and the Baltic States. However, today only a few small herds can be found in these areas.

Skudde sheep have an imposing snail horn. The ewes are hornless or carry horn stumps. In individual cases, it occurs that ewes carry chamois-like "hornlets." They are slender, rams weight between 35 and 50 kg (77-110 lbs), and ewes weigh from 25 to 40 kg (55-88 lbs).

Their wool consists of fine wool fibers, dispersed with short hairs and course cover hair. They are white, brown, black, or gray. White Skuddes have small pigment spots on their head. Lambs have a rust-colored marking on the nape of their neck and on their legs. This colorin ...

Skudde  - Sheep Breeds

About Soay SheepSoay


Soay sheep are considered to be the only living example of the small, primitive sheep which inhabited the British Isles before the coming of the Norsemen and Romans.  

Their name is derived from the island of Soay off the coast of Scotland. Soays were originally imported to North America in 1974. They are a small framed sheep with a fleece that varies from light to dark brown in color and is shed naturally in the summer.

Soay  - Sheep Breeds

About Solognote SheepSolognote


Solognote sheep are an old breed that derives its name from Sologne, France, where it was developed in the 15th century.

They were in very widespread use in the 1850's. They were exported to Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Morocco. Solognote sheep are a very rustic breed that is able to tolerate diseases and poor feeding conditions.

Solognote  - Sheep Breeds

About Somali SheepSomali


Somali are hair sheep native to Somali in Africa where they are reared primarily for meat production.  

They are white with a black head. Both sexes are polled and the breed belongs to the fat-rumped type. Somali sheep are the immediate ancestor of the Blackheaded Persian which was developed in South Africa in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and that has been widely used for crossbreeding in many parts of Africa and elsewhere in the tropics.

Somali  - Sheep Breeds

About Sopravissana SheepSopravissana


Sopravissana sheep are found in the Central Apennines, Latium of central Italy. They have white fine to medium wool and are raised for milk and meat production. They originated from Vissana crossed with Spanish Merino and Rambouillet sheep in the 18th and early 19th century. American and Australian Merinos were used during the early 20th century for additional improvement of the breed.

Sopravissana rams are horned and the females are polled.



Sopravissana  - Sheep Breeds

About South African Meat Merino SheepSouth African Meat Merino


South African Meat Merino (SAMM) sheep were imported into South Africa by the Department of Agriculture from 1936 to 1974 from Germany where the Deutsche Fliesch Merino is a common meat sheep of Germany, Austria, and Poland. In South Africa, the name was translated as Duits Vleis Merino and then into English as German Mutton Merino. In 1974, the South African Breed Society changed the name to the South African Mutton Merino.

When imported into Australia in 1996, Western Australian SAMM breeders registered the name Prime SAMM, as the Australian usage of the word "'Mutton" relates to a description of extremely old and inedible sheep meat. The translation used in Australia is ‘South African Meat Merino.’ The SAMM is bred speci ...

South African Meat Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About South Dorset SheepSouth Dorset


South Dorset Sheep were developed in New Zealand in the 1950s. Originally called the South Dorset Down, it was produced by crossing Dorset Down rams with Southdown ewes. A typical "Downs" sheep, it has a brown face, ears and legs, and a fine short fleece.

The South Dorset is a large, rapidly-maturing breed used mainly for export lambs, although the rams are used with ewes of other breeds as well to produce meat lambs.

South Dorset Sheep were officially renamed South Dorset in the 1980s.

Content and Photo Source: New Zealand Rare Breeds (www.rarebreeds.co.nz)

South Dorset  - Sheep Breeds

About South Suffolk SheepSouth Suffolk


South Suffolk sheep a fixed cross between Suffolk and Southdown sheep. They are a large, comparatively heavy meat breed.  

The rams are for use as terminal sires, used in cross breeding for early prime lamb production. South Suffolks can be found in most states of Australia and in New Zealand, where the breed originated. The wool is of the fine Downs type and measures 24 to 26 micron in fiber diameter. Their fertility levels are high.


South Suffolk  - Sheep Breeds

About South Wales Mountain SheepSouth Wales Mountain


South Welsh Mountain sheep have been reared on the harsh hill pastures of South Wales for centuries. Their ability to thrive where lesser breeds have failed has ensured their predominance in the area.  

They are a dual purpose breed. They are similar in appearance to other Welsh Mountain breeds, and rams are frequently used to improve the size and conformation of the other Welsh Mountain breeds.  

When crossed with a Suffolk ram, the South Wales Mountain ewe produces ewe lambs that are sought after as lowland breeding ewes, being hardy, prolific and good milkers with strong conformation. Their fleece is dense with an even mixture of white kempy fiber.

South Wales Mountain  - Sheep Breeds

About Southdown SheepSouthdown


Southdown Sheep are a good all-rounder, capable of meeting the needs of all breeders. They are a well-fleshed, meaty, sheep with a wide, level back through to the tail and a "leg at each corner". Their wool is of fine texture and great density covering the whole body down to the hocks. Their ears are small and covered with short wool. Southdown Sheep are an easy lambing breed. Rams are robust, good on their feet and long lived. Average mature weight for ewes is 65 -75kg, rams 85 - 100kg.  

Content and photo source: The National Sheep Association.

Southdown  - Sheep Breeds

About Spaelsau SheepSpaelsau


Spaelsau, also known as Spael, sheep are from Norway. They are named for their short, nearly wool-less tail (spaelen). They originate from old Norwegian landrace sheep. In 1912, two breeding stations were established to prevent their extinction. Icelandic sheep were crossed onto the Spaelsau sheep through semen import in the 1960's and 1970's. Finnsheep and Faeroe Island sheep were also used in the breeding of Spaelsau sheep.

Spaelsau sheep are most commonly white, but they are also found in black, brown, grey, blue-grey and various forms of piebald. Most of them are polled, with about 10% occurrence of horned in both sexes. Their wool is double coated, with mean fiber diameter 31.5 micron of underwool and 57.1 micron of out ...

Spaelsau  - Sheep Breeds

About Spanish Merino SheepSpanish Merino


A number of sheep breeding nations, including Phoenicia, Italy, and Spain, are believed to have played a part in the development of the Merino sheep. However, it is generally agreed upon that the Moors, who dominated Spain through the eighth to thirteenth centuries, were primarily responsible for selectively breeding the animals to such an extent that the wool they produced became superior to that of all other sheep.  

Indeed, the word Merino may be of Moorish origin, possibly evolving from their word for a judge that settled disagreements about flocks between shepherds. By the eighteenth century, Merino wool was considered so luxurious and valuable only the sovereign of Spain was permitted to send Merino sheep ...

Spanish Merino  - Sheep Breeds

About St. Augustine SheepSt. Augustine


St. Augustine sheep are a cross between Dorper and St. Croix sheep. They were developed in Florida, USA, by Ron Taber in 2000.

St. Croix, sheep have superior mothering abilities, parasite resistance, and hardiness; while Dorpers are larger and have a heavily-muscled frame. The result is a meat sheep cross that does well in hot, humid condition.

St. Augustine sheep are medium sized with a medium sized frame. They are well adapted to hot, humid climates and have good parasite resistance. They are easy to handle, with good flocking instinct. As excellent foragers, mature ewes and rams do well on coastal/bahai grass pasture. Ewes are deep bodied, able to produce multiple births with ease. Rams are fertile during ...

St. Augustine  - Sheep Breeds

About St. Croix SheepSt. Croix


St. Croix is a hair sheep that originated in the Virgin Islands, where it is called the "Virgin Island White." They are believed to have descended from hair sheep of West Africa, but some think they are a cross of Wiltshire Horn and native Criollo sheep. Most St. Croix sheep are white with some solid tan, brown, black, or white with brown or black spots.

Both sexes are polled, and rams have a large throat ruff. Exceptional parasite resistance compared to British sheep breeds has been documented in studies at several universities. The St. Croix is classified as a "rare" breed by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy.


St. Croix  - Sheep Breeds

About Steinschaf SheepSteinschaf


Steinschaf sheep are a direct descendent of the now extinct Zaupelschaf. They have developed characteristics that made them perfect for life in the high mountains of Eastern Alpine regions. In the beginning of the 20th century the Steinschaf still roamed the meadows of Bavaria, Germany, especially the areas around Berchtesgaden, Traunstein, and Rosenheim. In Austria, their range was mainly in the Salzburg area.  

The original Steinschaf used to be a dual-coated, small, and wiry high mountain sheep, weighing 28- 30 kg (62-66 lbs). It was bred twice a year and it had 20-70 % twins. The modern Steinschaf is a robust, small to medium-sized sheep with a coarse, dual-coated fleece that can be of all colors and marking ...

Steinschaf  - Sheep Breeds

About Stewart Island SheepStewart Island


The first large-scale sheep farming venture on Stewart Island, New Zealand, was commenced in 1874 on what proved to be unsuitable terrain at Scott Burn. Within a few years other sheep runs were taken up on drier land at Island Hill and Kilbride in Masons Bay on the western coast. Prior to this only small numbers of sheep had been kept on the island for household supply, mostly at The Neck (on the east coast). Sheep farming was never greatly successful on the island, although it did continue until the 1990s.

Sheep that escaped from farming operations formed a feral population and some have been recovered in recent years and maintained on the mainland. These are described as being very like those from Arapawa Island i ...

Stewart Island  - Sheep Breeds

About Suffolk SheepSuffolk


Suffolk Sheep are a polled breed, with a distinctive all-black head and legs, and single color close cropped white wool. Independent trials show that Suffolk's have the fastest growth rate of the terminal sire breeds. Average mature ewe weighs 84kg, rams 130kg.

Content and photo source: The National Sheep Association.

Suffolk  - Sheep Breeds

About Swaledale SheepSwaledale


Swaledale Sheep have a fascinating masked face: the upper part of their face is deep black but a bright silvery white surrounds the nose and eyes. The hair on their face is short and strong. They grow greyer with age. Their horns are set low, round and rather wide. Their ears are grey or silver and of medium length. Their wool is white except at the back of the head where it is mixed with part black, with a thick deep bed and curly top of medium length. Their tail is thick, long and woolly and their legs are good flat bone of medium length, well set four square, with well-shaped hocks, grey or mottled in color, and with good sized feet.

Content and photo source: The National Sheep Association.

Swaledale  - Sheep Breeds

About Swifter SheepSwifter


Swifter sheep are a new, highly productive sheep breed, which was developed in the 1970's by the Agricultural University in Wageningen, the Netherlands, to increase the productivity of the Dutch sheep stock. Swifters are used as dams for slaughter lambs.  

Swifter sheep were developed by crossing Texel and Flemish sheep. To obtain excellent, fast-growing lambs for slaughter, the Swifter ewe is tupped by a ram for slaughter lamb production: the Charollais, the Suffolk, or the Texel. Pedigree Swifters produce 2.5 lambs per lambing on average. 80% of ewes give birth to two or more lambs in their first year. Births are almost always without problems.

Swifter  - Sheep Breeds

About Swiss Black-Brown Mountain SheepSwiss Black-Brown Mountain


Swiss Black-Brown Mountain sheep originate from the ancient Swiss Jura, Simmentaler, Saanen, Frutiger, Roux de Bagnes,and Freiburger sheep. They are polled, medium-sized sheep. Their coat is either black, chestnut colored, or light brown. Their heads and legs are clear of wool, covered with short black or brown hairs. Their fleece is of single-color, thick, and close-cropped.  

Due to their Merino ancestry, their wool is fine and strong and is remarkable for its strength and elasticity. No kemp or white fibers are allowed. The ewes lamb quite often twice a year and have 1.7 lambs on average, thus making them an ideal mother race for crossings with meat producing rams. Swiss Black-Brown Mountain lambs, both purebr ...

Swiss Black-Brown Mountain  - Sheep Breeds

About Swiss White Alpine SheepSwiss White Alpine


Swiss White Alpine sheep are a short-wooled breed kept primarily for meat. They originated in Switzerland in 1936 from a cross between the Swiss White Mountain and 50 to 75% Ile-de-France



Swiss White Alpine  - Sheep Breeds

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Tacola SheepTacola


Tacola Sheep are white sheep raised for meat. They are Indigenous breed, descended from Biellese (Alpine group) sheep. Is bred in the provinces of Cuneo, Biella and Vercelli (Piedmont Region).

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Tacola  - Sheep Breeds

About Taleshi SheepTaleshi


Taleshi sheep are from Iran, numbering some 400,000 animals in the north of the country, and distributed in the northern and western parts of Gilan Province in the mountains between Assalem, Khalkhal, Oshkourat, and Deilaman. They can can also be found in some areas of the Guilan-Zanjan border.

Their mean adult live weight ed is 35 kg (77 lbs) for rams and 31 kg (67 lbs) for ewes. Their coat is yellowish-white to pure white, but brown patches are found on their head, face and at the bottom of the legs. They are valued mainly due to their small size, meat, and ability to live in mountainous areas with rain-fed foothills and foothill steppes with 1300 mm (51 inches) rain.  

Hamed Kioumarsi and others ha ...

Taleshi  - Sheep Breeds

About Tan SheepTan


Tan sheep are famous for their fur with long curled hair. Their wool is soft, light and puffy, with long and even fiber, suitable for making high-grade blankets, shawls, and scarves. Tan sheep are raised in the desert and semi-desert regions of China.



Tan  - Sheep Breeds

About Targhee SheepTarghee


Targhee sheep are one of America's newest breeds. They were developed in 1926 at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station in Dubois, Idaho, from Rambouillet, Columbia, and Corriedale crosses. Targhee sheep derive their name from the Targhee National Forest on which the experiment station's flock grazes in the summer. The forest was named for a chief of the Bannock Indians who had lived in the area in the 1860's.

Targhee are a dual-purpose sheep with good meat type and a heavy fleece of high quality wool. They are especially popular in Montana, Wyoming and South Dakota, where their ¾ fine wool and ¼ long wool breeding is favored by western ranchers.



Targhee  - Sheep Breeds

About Tautersheep SheepTautersheep


Tautersheep, also known as Tautra sheep, are an extinct breed of sheep from Tautra island in Frosta, Norway. They were a sheep with fine wool resembling the Spanish merino. The origin of this breed is disputed, but could possibly be a merino sheep brought to Tautra several hundred years ago, and afterwards mixed with old Norse sheep, others have claimed that the origin is from the English Ryeland sheep, which suggest that the Tautersheep was a far younger race. The fine wool of the Tautersheep became very popular at the end of the 19th century, increasing the demand for the growth of the wool, which caused problems because the wool had a tendency to grow over the eyes of the animal. As early as 1805, 70 Tautersheep were exported ...

Tautersheep  - Sheep Breeds

About Teeswater SheepTeeswater


Photo source: The National Sheep Association Teeswater are large hornless longwool sheep from Teesdale in the County of Durham, located in Northern England. For almost 200 years they have been bred by farmers in that area. Until the 1920's, the breed was comparatively rare, but now they are to be found in almost every part of the U.K.  

Their wool has fine long-stapled lustrous wool with each lock hanging free with no tendency to matiness. There should be no dark fibers in the fleece, which should be uniform in texture over the whole body. The Teeswater produces a kemp free fleece, a characteristic it passes on.


Teeswater  - Sheep Breeds

About TEFRom SheepTEFRom


TEFRom are A Composite sheep developed from Texel, East Friesian, and Romney sheep to achieve fast lamb growth in an efficient ewe. The initial TEFRom cross was based on: 
  •  25% Texel muscling, parasite resistance and clear under the tail. 
  •  25% East Friesian high fertility (230% base) and milking ability. 
  •  50% Romney for stability. strong constitution, fleece weight together with growth rate, fertility and muscling. 



TEFRom  - Sheep Breeds

About Texas Dall SheepTexas Dall


Texas Dall have no relation to Alaskan Dall sheep. They are a cross between Rambouillet, Barbados Blackbelly, and European Mouflon sheep.  

Although most Texas Dall are white, they can range in color from white to blond or pale champagne. Some even have spotted markings, usually fawn. Their horns are large and spectacular. They are raised primarily for trophy hunting.


Texas Dall  - Sheep Breeds

About Texel SheepTexel


Texel, also known as Blue Texel, Sheep are quickly gaining popularity with commercial sheep farmers as terminal sires for prime lamb production.

There are many kinds of Texel sheep, including Dutch, English, and French. The English Texel sheep tend to be taller animals while the Dutch Texel sheep have very short legs and heavy muscling. All of the Texel sheep remarkable muscle development and leanness.

Texel  - Sheep Breeds

About Tiroler Steinschaf SheepTiroler Steinschaf


Tiroler Steinschaf, also known as Tyrolean rock sheep or Pecora della Roccia Tirolese, sheep is found in Tyrol, Austria and Bolzano, Italy. They are a coarse-wooled breed, belonging to the Lop-eared Alpine group, which is kept mainly for meat production.

The Tiroler Steinschaf is one of the forty-two autochthonous local sheep breeds of limited distribution for which a herdbook is kept by the Associazione Nazionale della Pastorizia, the Italian national association of sheep-breeders. In 2013 no total number for the breed was recorded in the herdbook; total numbers are about 60 head.

Content and photo sources: Wikipedia and Agraria.org.

Tiroler Steinschaf  - Sheep Breeds

About Tong SheepTong


Tong sheep originate from Mongolian sheep. They are able to withstand unfavorable environmental conditions and are found in the high plains of the northern Shaaxi Province of China, where the average temperature is 13°C and annual precipitation is 520 to 600 mm (20-24 in). Their wool is carpet wool. Wool production is low.

Tong sheep have the ability to deposit fat in their tail. Tong lambs have beautiful curls that look like pearls. Coats made from the pelts provide warmth with light weight.


Tong  - Sheep Breeds

About Trimeticcia di Segezia SheepTrimeticcia di Segezia


Trimeticcia di Segezia sheep are a new breedfrom Segezia. They are considered a synthetic breed developed by crossbreeding with three different breeds: Italian Gentile di Puglia, French Ile de France, and German Wurttemberg sheep. They were developed at the Experimental Institute for Zootechny of Segezia, province of Foggia, Italy. They are raised in Puglia and Molise. They have a white coat, no horns in both sexes, and are raised for meat, milk and wool.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.



Trimeticcia di Segezia  - Sheep Breeds

About Tsigai SheepTsigai


Tsigai sheep originated in Southeast Europe, where they are raised for meat and milk. There are many variations of the breed.

Some Tisigai populations have been improved by Merino and British meat breeds. Tsigai sheep have long tails. They are good meat and milk producers.


Tsigai  - Sheep Breeds

About Tukidale SheepTukidale


Technically, the Tukidale is a not a new breed of sheep, but rather a Romney sheep carrying the T gene for hair. They originated on M.W. Coop's property in New Zealand from a ram born November 26, 1966. The ram possessed the T gene, which is dominant. The T gene is responsible not only for producing the specialty carpet-type fleece, but also the formation of horns in the in the male and, to a lesser extent in females.

Tukidale sheep are easy care sheep of good conformation and high fertility, with carcass acceptability. High fleece weight with a diameter in the range of 35-45 microns, with a high percentage of medulated fibers. They have an extremely fast rate of wool growth, resulting in two wool clips per year at a premium ...

Tukidale  - Sheep Breeds

About Tunis SheepTunis


Photographer: Todd Brisco Tunis sheep are one of the oldest sheep breeds. It is believed that they roamed the hills of Tunis and parts of Algeria in North Africa prior to the Christian era. American Tunis sheep evolved from a number of importations of fat-tailed sheep from Africa and the Middle East that were crossed with established European breeds to improve the breed's meat characteristics.  
The earliest documented importation occurred in 1799, a gift to the U.S. from the ruler of Tunisia and entrusted to the care of Judge Richard Peters of Pennsylvania. One of the largest advocates of the Tunis breed was Thomas Jefferson, who owned a fairly large flock. The breed could have been a major breed in this country if most of the southern flock ...

Tunis  - Sheep Breeds

About Turchessa SheepTurchessa


Turchessa sheep are a medium-sized autochthonous breed belonging "soft wool" group from Campania, Italy. They may have been developed by the crossbreeding with Mediterranean sheep "with a fat tail". The have a white coat and the males have spiral-shaped horns. They are raised for meat and milk.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Turchessa  - Sheep Breeds

About Turki SheepTurki


Afghanistan is home to many of Central Asia's most unique breeds of sheep that are particularly well-adapted to the local conditions and highly valuable commercially. The most notable is the largest breed of fat-rumped sheep, the Turki.  

Turki sheep have two distinct camel humps of fat on their behinds. They have a high growth rate and are a good producer of mutton, but are not a good wool producer. They are raised mostly in the northeastern parts of Afghanistan. Turki sheep accompany refugees to neighboring Pakistan where the breed is recognized as Afghani sheep.


Turki  - Sheep Breeds

About Tyrol Mountain SheepTyrol Mountain


Tyrol Moutain Sheep are found in Tyrol of Austria and Bolzano of Italy. They are a coarse wooled breed, belonging to the Lop-eared Alpine group, which is kept for meat production.   

Tyrol Mountain sheep are similar to Carinthian sheep but they have better wool, a white face and longer ears. They are also occasionally pied or black. Both sexes are polled. Tyrol Mountain sheep originated from the Bergamasca, Steinschaf, and Spiegel variety of Carinthian sheep.


Tyrol Mountain  - Sheep Breeds

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About Uda SheepUda


Uda sheep are from Africa. They are common in Chand, Northern Cameroon, Northern Nigeria, and Niger. There are many varieties of Uda sheep; but usually their back half is white and their front half is brown or black. They are also known as Pied, Ouda, North Nigerian Fulani, Louda, Houda, Foulbe, Fellata, Bororo, Bali-Bali, and Oudah bicolore sheep.

They are Sahel-type hair sheep and they are raised mainly for meat production.

They are small to medium sized animal. The ewes are polled and the rams have spiral horn that project horizontally from the head.

Their ears are long and dropped, and they can either be white or the same color as their head. Both rams and ewes are about of same size, and they s ...

Uda  - Sheep Breeds

About Ujumqin SheepUjumqin


Ujumqin sheep are a larger version of the Mongolian breed, are found in Inner Mongolia, China. They have a fat tail 28 cm (11.2 in) long by 36 cm (14.4 in) wide in the male, and 22 cm long by 28 cm (8.8 in) wide in the female. When dressed, the tail fat weighs 2 kg (4.4 lbs) or more. Ujumqin sheep were developed due to the sharp seasonal contrast in plant growth in the pastoral areas.  

The sheep tend to deposit a large amount of fat in the body in order to meet nutritional demands during winter and spring. They are adapted to the unfavorable local environmental conditions of the North and Northwest Pastoral Grasslands. Their Wool is coarse and production is low, with an annual grease fleece weight of only about ...

Ujumqin  - Sheep Breeds

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About Valachian SheepValachian


Valachian sheep are a highly endangered variety of landrace. Presently, their only breeding is done in Germany and strictly for preservation. Valachian sheep are dual-coated with coarse, mostly white wool that reaches the ground; gray and black are rare.   

Valachian rams often have Roman noses and look imposing with spiraling horns of up to one meter, that stick out sideways. The ewes sometimes have corkscrew-like, fine horns. They are extremely shy, high-spirited, alert, and loyal to its territory, nearly exhibiting the character of a wild animal. They are remarkably hardy and frugal and can withstand extreme cold, high precipitation, as well as drought.


Valachian  - Sheep Breeds

About Valais Blacknose SheepValais Blacknose


Valais Blacknose sheep come from the Valais region of southern Switzerland. They are a rare dual-purpose breed that is raised both for meat and for wool. Both rams and ewes are horned and they have a very distinct “black-hole face” – their faces, eyes, and noses are all black surrounded by long white wool.


Valais Blacknose sheep are well adapted life in the high mountains and they graze even on the steepest, stoniest slopes.


Other than Switzerland Valais Blacknose sheep can be found in Germany and recently 10 ewes and one ram where imported into Scotland by a rancher named Raymond Irvine.



Valais Blacknose  - Sheep Breeds

About Valle del Belice SheepValle del Belice


Valle del Belice sheep have a white coat and a white head. The males sometimes have horns but the females do not. They are an autochthonous breed from Valle del Belice (Provinces of Agrigento, Trapani and Palermo, in Sicily). They were developed from crosses with Pinzirita and Comisana e Sarda sheep. They are raised for milk.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Valle del Belice  - Sheep Breeds

About Van Rooy SheepVan Rooy


In 1906, Senator J. C. van Rooy, of the farm Koppieskraal in the Bethulie district of South Africa, started his experiments to propagate a breed of sheep for slaughter lamb production: The requirements he set for this breed, were threefold:
1. The breed had to be strong and hardy to cope with regular droughts;
2. It had to be fertile in order to maintain a high percentage of production;
3. It had to have an excellent conformation.

With these aims in mind he made use of a white "Blinkhaar Afrikaner" ram and eighty Rambouillet ewes. With the progeny of these the principle of inbreeding, coupled with severe selection, was applied. Later on, a polled Wensleydale ram was introduced in an effort to improve conformation. ...

Van Rooy  - Sheep Breeds

About Varesina SheepVaresina


Varesina sheep are a Lop-eared Alpine breed found in the area near Biandronno, Italy. Originally they were transhumant (migratory), and until the mid-1960's some Varesa sheep were in flocks that summered in the Alps. All that remain today are sedentary and are kept in small family flocks of mixed breeds. They are one of the largest breeds of sheep in Italy, and only slightly smaller than Biella sheep.

The are white sheep with a slightly convex hornless head. Their tail is long and thin.

They are raised mainly for meat and their lambs are of good conformation for butchering.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Varesina  - Sheep Breeds

About Vendeen SheepVendeen


Vendeen Sheep's head and legs are pale to dark brown and are lightly fleeced. The body is long with a broad back, well sprung ribs, strong loin and well developed gigot. The breed has a noble head and broad muzzle. It is hornless and the poll not too wide. The ears are large. It has an excellent quality close fleece which sheds water easily. Average mature ewe weighs 65-80kg, rams 95-120kg.

Content and Photo source: national Sheep association.

Vendeen  - Sheep Breeds

About Vicentina SheepVicentina


Vicentina sheep are white and raised for meat. They are a variety of Lamon Sheep. They are found on the Asiago Plateau (Vicenza Province, Lombardy Region, northern Italy). Formerly, they were also in the Chiampo Valley. Most sheep in the area are in family holdings of only three to four head. In the winter they are stall-fed, but during the summer are put into bands of 700-1.000 sheep to graze in the mountains above the plateau.

Vicentina sheep are similar to the Lamon, except that dark colouration on their face and legs is more extensive, and the convex profile of the head is less pronounced than that of the Lamon.


Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Vicentina  - Sheep Breeds

About Villnoesser SheepVillnoesser


Villnosser sheep (also known as Karntner Brillenschaf, Jesersko- Solcavska, or Brillenschaf) were developed in the 18th century, from crossbreeding Carinthian Landrace, Bergamask, and Paduan silk sheep. In Southern Carinthia, the Friaul, and in Slovenia, Villnosser sheep were very common.

Villnosser sheep are a strong and medium-sized sheep with a roman and a bare head with lop ears of medium length. They have black spots around the eyes (glasses) contributed to the German name of the sheep ( "Brillensheep"). Pigments may, however, also occur at their ears and sometimes on their body or lips. Their meat is especially aromatic. Villnosser sheep are especially characterized by out-of-season oestrus behavior, hard hooves, ...

Villnoesser  - Sheep Breeds

About Vissana SheepVissana


Vissanna sheep are an Italian autochthonous sheep breed from Visso in the province of Macerata. They belong to the Apennine group and are reared in high hills but they are able to make the most of poor pastures.

They are medium-small sheep (males: 70 cm, females: 60 cm at the withers) with white wool. They are raised for meat, milk, and wool.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Vissana  - Sheep Breeds

About Vlaams schaap SheepVlaams schaap


Vlaams Schaap are a rare multi-purpose sheep that originated in Belgium during the late middle ages. They are sometimes confused with the Belgium Milk Sheep.

After the Second World War all native milk sheep were amalgamated to the Belgian milk sheep and the Flemish sheep almost entirely disappeared. In the Netherlands, the Flemish sheep was used in the development of the Swifter. They are a large breed, milky and fertile. They can easily raise three lambs. Their white wool is long and curly at the ends.


Vlaams schaap  - Sheep Breeds

About Voskop SheepVoskop


Voskop (or Fox Head) sheep are related to Ardense sheep which were brought to the better Flemish meadows for fattening. They are average size. Rams weigh between 70 and 80 kg (154-176 lbs.); ewes between 55 and 70 kg (121-154 lbs.). 

Ewes wean on average 1.7 lambs. Their wool is pale brown without spotting. They are a hardy sheep, able to withstand both dryness and dampness and cold. They produce meat of excellent quality and taste.


Voskop  - Sheep Breeds

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About Wallis Country SheepWallis Country


Wallis Country Sheep (Roux du Valais) are from Upper Wallis, where they were once as widespread as the Valais Blacknosed Sheep. It is believed that they are related to the now extinct Copper Sheep, Pilot Sheep, Roux de Bagnes.

They are reddish-brown color ("roux") and are horned. They have course wool and are used for a lean meat production. They are noted for their extreme trust in humans and a particularly strong herd instinct. They are well suited for management of borderline production areas and landscape care.

They nearly died out in Switzlerland in the 1980s. However, they experienced a renaissance through the promotion of Pro Specie Rara and the expansion of the breeding area into Romandie and German-sp ...

Wallis Country  - Sheep Breeds

About Waziri SheepWaziri


Waziri sheep are from the Waziristan region of Pakistan. They are also found in the Bannu District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

They are medium-sized, and have a white, muscular body and a black head with small ears. They have a large tail. They are considered to be a microsheep, as females weigh less than 25kg at maturity.


Waziri  - Sheep Breeds

About Welsh Halfbred SheepWelsh Halfbred


Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

Welsh Halfbred, also known as Welsh Mules, are the progeny of registered Bluefaced Leicester rams crossed with ewes of one of three hardy hill breeds from Mid and North Wales -- the Welsh Mountain, Welsh Hill Speckled Face and Bealah -- all having the reputation for being healthy, hardy, good foragers with exceptional mothering qualities.

The Welsh Halfbred was developed in the 1970's to satisfy the demand from prime lamb producers for a prolific ewe with good growth potential, good milking capacity, and when crossed with modern breeds of meat sires, the ability to produce prime quality, long lean-finished lambs. Facial coloration varies from white to a dark mottled or speckele ...


Welsh Halfbred  - Sheep Breeds

About Welsh Hill Speckled Face SheepWelsh Hill Speckled Face


Welsh Hill Speckled Face Sheep are a very attractive breed with black markings on nose, eyes, ears, knees and feet on an otherwise white body. Ewes are polled, but both horned and polled rams are acceptable. Average mature ewe weighs 50-55kg, rams 60-70kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

Welsh Hill Speckled Face  - Sheep Breeds

About Welsh Mountain SheepWelsh Mountain


Welsh Mountain ewes have a white or tan face, they have a strong close textured fleece and a typical ewe clip weighs up to 2kg. The ram is usually, but not always, horned. Average mature ewe weighs 35-40kg on the hill or mountain but can add a further 10kg when drafted onto lowland.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

Welsh Mountain  - Sheep Breeds

About Wensleydale SheepWensleydale


Wensleydale are very large longwool sheep. They have a bold and alert carriage which is accentuated by their broad, level backs on wide quarters and strong thighs. They have a distinctive deep blue head and ears, which should be clean except for a well-developed forelock of wool, usually referred to as the 'topping'. Both genders are polled. Average mature ewe weighs 113kg, rams 136kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Wensleydale  - Sheep Breeds

About West African SheepWest African


West African Sheep are not found in west Africa, they are found in Colombia, Venezuela, and the Caribbean. They are usually brown, ranging in shade from tan to brown and cherry-red to dark red. They are very similar to Pelibuey sheep in size and confirmation. They are polled and the male is sometimes maned.

West African  - Sheep Breeds

About West African Dwarf SheepWest African Dwarf


West African Dwarfs (also known as Djallonkes) are the dominant sheep breed from southwest to central Africa. They are found from Senegal to Chad, Gabon, Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo. They are well adapted to life in humid forested area, sub-humid areas and savannahs. They are primarily raised for meat.

West African Dwarfs are generally white or piebald (their front half is black and their back half is white). However, skewbald (tan on white) and blackbelly patterns are found, and the Kirdi type are specially selected to be entirely black.

The rams weigh approximately 37 kg (82 lb), have a well-developed thro ...


West African Dwarf  - Sheep Breeds

About White Headed Marsh SheepWhite Headed Marsh


White Headed Marsh Sheep originated in the north sea marshes of West Germany. Its beginnings can be traced back to the mid-1800s when North German Marsh sheep, the local milk sheep, were crossed with imported British longwool breeds, including the Cotswold.

In Denmark and North Germany the White Headed Marsh live outside in very wet and cold conditions. They are known for their hardiness, natural immunity, easy-care and excellent meat. They lamb at 180% in Denmark.

White Headed Marsh are similar-looking to Romneys or Coopworths, but are much larger with meaty hindquarters and wide deep loin and rack meat (the most valuable cuts).

Content and Photo Source: New Zealand Rare Breeds (www.rarebreeds.c ...

White Headed Marsh  - Sheep Breeds

About White Horned Heath SheepWhite Horned Heath


White Horned Heath sheep originated from the Grey Horned Heath Sheep and was first developed as a separate breed at the beginning of the 20th century. The original herds consisted of both horned and polled animals. A few years later they were divided into two breeds, the polled called White Polled Heath or Moorschnucke.  

Since 1949, the White Horned Heath has been recognized as a new race. They are a small landrace breed which can be used to preserve heath and moor areas. They are always pure white, both sexes are horned, the meat is of very high quality and tastes like venison.

White Horned Heath  - Sheep Breeds

About White Mountain SheepWhite Mountain


White Mountain (also known as Deutsches Bergschaf) sheep are found in the Bavarian Alps and Pre-alps of southern Germany. They were developed by grading local breeds to Bergamasca and Tyrol Mountain sheep. They are a coarse to medium wooled breed and are polled.



White Mountain  - Sheep Breeds

About White Polled Heath SheepWhite Polled Heath


White Polled Heath are hardy and frugal sheep from the northern German counties of Diepholz, Nienburg, and Rotenburg. They are white, dual-coated, graceful landrace with a small frame. They have a slender head with small ears that stick out to the side. Both sexes are hornless and have light-colored, hard hoofs. They mature slowly.

Their numbers have dwindled. Their decline started when ranchers no longer paid shepherds to take their flocks grazing on the moors. It took the involvement of nature protectors and breeders to save them from extinction.

White Polled Heath  - Sheep Breeds

About White Suffolk SheepWhite Suffolk


Beginning in 1977, Dr. Ewan Roberts of the University of New South Wales in Australia started a breeding program to develop a terminal sire breed of sheep. His goals were to have a breed with the confirmation, structure, and growth of the Suffolk, but with a white head and legs. The initial cross was between Suffolk and Polled Dorset and separately Suffolk crossed with Border Leicester. The F2 and subsequent generations were selected against black points and for increased gain.   

White Suffolk sheep have similar features to Suffolk sheep, however, instead of dark points the White Suffolk has a white face and legs.


White Suffolk  - Sheep Breeds

About Whiteface Dartmoor SheepWhiteface Dartmoor


Whiteface Dartmoor Sheep have a white head and face, the face of the ewe being free of wool, the ears are short and thick with occasional black spots on them. They were always horned but this feature has tended to disappear over the years, particularly amongst the ewes. The body is deep, broad and of medium length. The wool is white, of good staple and with a fairly strong crimp. Average mature ewe weighs 54kg, rams 74kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Whiteface Dartmoor  - Sheep Breeds

About Whitefaced Woodland SheepWhitefaced Woodland


Whiteface Woodland Sheep are a large-framed hill breed has a broad face which should be white with a pink nose. The legs are white and free from wool. The fleece is white and of a very fine quality. They are horned in both sexes, the males having heavy spiraling horns. The sheep are strong boned and long in the body. Their tails have a distinct muscular appearance. Average mature ewe weighs 63kg, rams 130kg.

Content: National Sheep Association

Photo: Charlotte Barnes (Keyshill Flock)

Whitefaced Woodland  - Sheep Breeds

About Wiltipoll SheepWiltipoll


Wiltshire Polled, also known as Wiltipoll, Sheep are polled sheep that were developed in Australia. Development was started with Wiltshire Horned ewes and expanded with Border Leicester, Perendale, Poll Dorset, and Poll Merino genetics.

Wiltshire Polled Sheep are large (they weigh up to 125 kg -276 lb), are very hardy, and can survive on rough, scrubby feed. They are primarily raised for meat.

Wiltshire Polled Sheep shed their wool annually. Due to this process, the energy of the sheep is directed into meat and milk, not wool. They are therefore very low maintenance as there is no need for shearing, crutching, jetting, dipping and docking of tails. They are grass seed resistant and fly and lice resistant, ...

Wiltipoll  - Sheep Breeds

About Wiltshire Horn SheepWiltshire Horn


Wiltshire Horn Sheep have no wool. They are an old established lowland breed that is large and white faced. Both sexes are horned and wool-less. Average mature ewe weighs 72kg, rams 126kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep association.

Wiltshire Horn  - Sheep Breeds

About Woodstock SheepWoodstock


One of New Zealand's lesser known flocks of feral sheep has been found on Woodstock Station, lying on the middle reaches of the Waimakariri River valley west of Oxford in Canterbury. The Station is immediately adjacent to the Oxford State Forest, New Zealand.

During initial surveys of feral sheep in the 1970s they were considered to be of little significance and were among those tagged for eradication by the Department of Conservation. However, a more recent awareness of the potential genetic importance of feral flocks of early origin has resulted in a renewed interest in the Woodstock sheep.

The flock is believed to have originated from an introduction of Merinos to the Station in the 1890s, a time when there ...

Woodstock  - Sheep Breeds

About Wrzosowka SheepWrzosowka


Wrzosowka sheep belong to the Northern type of short-tailed sheep which have been kept for centuries in different regions of Europe, including Northeastern parts of Poland. They are unique among Polish sheep breeds, since they are extremely adaptable to difficult conditions, disease-resistant, and prolific. They are able to reproduce all year round.  

They are rather thin and small, proportionally built. Their fleece is usually consists of two layers: down and medulated hair. Their skins are used for fur coat production. Ewes are usually polled, while rams have widely set black horns. Wrzosowka sheep are the only surviving primitive sheep breed in Poland. A conservation program was started in 1981.


Wrzosowka  - Sheep Breeds

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About Xinjiang Finewool SheepXinjiang Finewool


Xinjiang Finewool sheep were among the first of the Chinese breeds and they played a part in the establishment of other breeds. The original crosses were between Russian Merino rams, probably of the Caucasian, Precoce, and Stravrapol types, with local breeds of ewe. The most important of these breeds was the Kazakh, but some Mongolian ewes were also used.   

There followed a program of backcrossing to the Merino parent, with some interbreeding and selection. Australian rams were used to a limited extend during the 1970s in the development of the Xinjiang breed. The Xinjiang Finewool is a dual-purpose sheep with emphasis placed on wool production and body weight.


Xinjiang Finewool  - Sheep Breeds
There are no Sheep breeds that start with the letter Y.

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About Zerasca SheepZerasca


Zerasca are medium-sized white sheep from Zeri (Lunigiana, Tuscany), Italy.

Among the local Tuscan ovine breeds that survived the extinction process linked to the changes in farming systems and market demands, the Zerasca breed is very appreciated from farmer for its rusticity and for the capacity to produce heavy lamb, reared with its mother at pasture until the slaughtering age of 60 days that furnish meat very appreciated by consumer.

Content and Photo Source: Agraria.org.

Zerasca  - Sheep Breeds

About Zulu SheepZulu


Zulu sheep are native to South Africa and are predominantly raised by rural farmers in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. They are raised primarily for meat. They belong to the Nguni type of sheep.

Zulu sheep are small, multicolored sheep that are well suited to the harsh conditions and very tolerate to diseases. In addition they can walk long distances and have good foraging ability.

Nevertheless, their existence is threatened. Their place is being taken up by less adapted exotic breeds, either by replacement or crossbreeding. This change is being driven by the perception, held by most farmers, that indigenous livestock show poorer performance compared to their exotic counterparts. This line of thinking has b ...

Zulu  - Sheep Breeds

About Zwartbles SheepZwartbles


Zwartbles sheep are from the Friesland region of the north Netherlands. They are primarily used for the production of sheep milk as well as lamb and mutton. They are known for being docile and friendly, and they are also prolific milkers and are excellent mothers.

Zwartble sheep have a distinct appearance; they have a black/brown fleece, a white blaze on the face, 2 - 4 white socks, and a white tail tip (which is traditionally left undocked). Both rams and ewes are polled. They are relatively large sheep: ewes weigh an average of 85 kg (187lb), and rams 100 kg (220 lb).

They have dense fleece that ranges from black to brown with sun bleached tips, some silvering maybe present in older animals. Their wool is ...

Zwartbles  - Sheep Breeds
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