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Bison Breeds

Millions of bison once thundered across America. Today, approximately 500,000 bison live across North America. Bison are large, even-toed ungulates in the genus Bison within the subfamily Bovinae.

Currently there are only 2 species of Bison; however, there are 4 species that are extinct. The 2 existing species are the American bison, B. bison, found only in North America, and often referred as a "buffalo" and B. bonasus, or Wisent, is found in Europe and the Caucasus.

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Breeds of Bison

There are the following breeds of :

Beefalo - Breeds of BisonBeefalo


Beefalo, also referred to as cattalo, arerna fertile hybrid offspring of domestic cattle and the American bison. The breedrnwas created to combine the characteristics of both animals for beef production.

Beefalo are primarily cattle in geneticsrnand appearance, with the breed association defining a full Beefalo as one withrnthree-eighths bison genetics, while animals with higher percentages of bisonrngenetics are called "bison hybrids".

Beefalo Breeds of Livestock

Plains - Breeds of BisonPlains


At one time, at least 25 million American bison werern spread across the United States and Canada. However, by the late 1880s, thern total number of bison in the United States had been reduced to fewer than 600rn individuals. Most of these were collected onto various private ranches, andrn the last known free-roaming population of bison consisted of less than 30 inrn the area which later became Yellowstone National Park.

Plains bison have since been reintroduced into a number of locations around North America. Five main foundation ...

Plains Breeds of Livestock

Wisent - Breeds of BisonWisent


Photo: Frank Grawe
Wisent, or European bison isrna Eurasian species of bison. It is one of two extant species of bison alongside the American bison. In the past, especially during the Middle Ages it was commonly killed for its hide, and to produce drinking horns.

Three subspecies existed recent past, but only one survives today. The Bialowieza or lowlandrnEuropean bison was kept alive in captivity, and has since been reintroducedrninto several countries in Europe. They are now forest-dwelling.

In 1996, the InternationalrnUnion for Conservation ...

Wisent Breeds of Livestock

Wood - Breeds of BisonWood


Wood Bison also known as mountain bison), are the largest terrestrial animal in North merica. Their original range included much of the boreal forest regions of laska, Yukon, western Northwest Territories, northeastern British Columbia northe lberta, and northwestern Saskatchewan.

Wood ison are heavier than Plains Bison and they have larger horn cores, darker andrnwoollier pelages, and less hair on their forelegs and beards.

Inrnaddition to the loss of habitat and hunting, wood bison populations have alsornbeen in danger of hyb ...

Wood Breeds of Livestock

Zubron - Breeds of BisonZubron


Zubronrnis a hybrid of domestic cattle and wisent. The wisent is the European bison;rnhence, the zubron is analogous to the American beefalo. The name zubron wasrnofficially chosen from hundreds of proposals sent to the Polish weekly magazinernPrzekroj during a contest organized in 1969.

Zubronrnwere first developed by Leopold Walicki in 1847, although the hybrid may alsornhave appeared at an earlier time. After World War I, various scientistsrnconsidered Zubron a possible replacement for domestic cattle. Zubron turned outrnto be more d ...

Zubron Breeds of Livestock
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