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Chicken Breeds

Chicken Breeds

Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) are domesticated birds that are raised for meat and eggs. There are over 24 billion chickens worldwide. Raising chickens is relatively inexpensive. Because of the low cost, chicken meat (also called "chicken") is one of the most common kinds of meat in the world.

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Breeds of Chickens

There are the following breeds of Chickens:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Top

About Ameraucana ChickensAmeraucana


Ameraucana chickens are an American breed first established as a breed in 1984. Like the Araucanas, the Ameraucana lays eggs in shades of light blue, however the Ameraucana does not have the low fertility that its parent breed, the Araucana, has. The birds themselves have a hefty build are black and shades of grey. The breed boasts a snazzy beard, ear muffs and a tail.

Ameraucanas and Araucanas share many characteristics, however due to different countries around the world namely the USA and UK, there are some disputes about the breeds. In the USA, Araucanas and Ameraucanas are similar but different breeds, while in other countries like the UK, Araucanas and Ameraucanas are considered the same. The key differences that ...

Ameraucana  - Chickens Breeds

About Ancona ChickensAncona


Ancona chickens are beautiful birds, best known for their speckled feathers and proud comb. First bred in the 1850's in the Italian city of Ancona, but later bred mainly in the United Kingdom and eventually in the United States. Ironically they are not very popular in Italy and attempts to bring them back to Italy have been going on since the early 2000's. They are well known as foragers, good egg producers, and as show birds.  The Ancona's color is a deep green or beetle green with white speckles at the tip of each feather. They have a medium sized comb and can have a rose comb or single comb.  Until recently they could only have a large single comb in shows, but now rose comb varieties are acceptable. Anconas are ...

Ancona  - Chickens Breeds

About Andalusian ChickensAndalusian


Andalusian chickens are blue feathered birds originally from Spain. Their origin is not entirely known, but the earliest records of it date back to the 1840's.Their deep blue feathers make them very easy to spot in a crowd. Andalusians like to explore and dislike fences and cages, they are able to fly over fences over six feet tall. They are good foragers, explorers, flyers, egg layers, and are very robust winter birds.  

Their unique blue feathers are what really distinguish them from other breeds. The feathers are an almost grey blue laced with streams of dark blue throughout every feather. Andalusian chickens are odd because not all of their hatchlings have blue feathers only around fifty percent will be blu ...

Andalusian  - Chickens Breeds

About Appenzeller Barthuhner ChickensAppenzeller Barthuhner


Appenzeller Barthuhner originated in the North-eastern Appenzell canton of Switzerland. They have a rose comb and a small beard covered wattles; their name, Barthuhner, literally translates to 'Bearded Hen'. It was a farmer in the region who created the breed to be able to lay large numbers of eggs on little additional feeding whilst being able to withstand the harsh weather conditions of the area.

They are a very active and superb forager, so they are best suited to a free range system. Unlike the other breed from the Appenzell canton the Barthuhner they are not a flighty breed and are fairly calm although males can be aggressive during the breeding season.

Appenzeller Barthuhner  - Chickens Breeds

About Appenzeller Spitzhauben ChickensAppenzeller Spitzhauben


Appenzeller Spitzhaubens are the national chicken of Switzerland. They have a rugged physiology and personality suited to the mountains from which they came. Although rangy and independent, they can provide 150 medium, orange-yolked, eggs a year. Appenzeller Spitzhauben chickens sleep in the trees if allowed and will only return to the coop for feeding. They thrive in cold weather.    

Appenzeller Spitzhauben chickens display entertaining personalities highlighted in their outrageous appearance and heightened by their free-spirited lifestyle. They derive pleasure through their unrelenting pursuit of bugs. Long-time owners have nicknamed the breed “Spitz”--a name which captures the spunk of this rangy chic ...

Appenzeller Spitzhauben  - Chickens Breeds

About Araucana ChickensAraucana


Araucana chickens are a South American bird originally from chile. They are best known for being the progenitor of the Ameraucana and Easter Egger. Araucanas are a fairly rare bird due to a genetic deformity that causes many to die during incubation. The Araucana has a beard, ear tufts, and can have a tail or not tail. They lay a large number of eggs in various shades of light blue.

Araucanas are grouped into two categories, the United States and the United Kingdom. The United States group describes the Araucana as having a variety of colors, ear tufts and is tailless. The second group which is in the United Kingdom describes them as having a beard, ear tufts, and can have a tail. Both categories have a small pea comb. ...

Araucana  - Chickens Breeds

About Aseel ChickensAseel


Aseel, or Asil, chickens originated from the South Punjab / Sindh area of Pakistan and India. They are found throughout Southeast Asia, such as Shamo and Thai Game. They are generally unstandardized in South Asia and India, but popularity has increased in the western world in recent times with the breed standardized in the British, Australian, and American standards.  

Aseel Chickens mature slowly but develop into stocky fowl. With a stout constitution, natural intelligence, and enduring physiology they survive well in free-range conditions. Aseel’s are broody and some farmers use them to hatch eggs for less broody breeds. They bear confinement well as long as that confinement also includes same sex isolation. A ...

Aseel  - Chickens Breeds

About Astralorp ChickensAstralorp


Australorps are the Australian take on the Orpington breed. They are calm and friendly, and excellent layers of light brown eggs. The Australorp's exceptionally soft, shiny black plumage has hints of green and purple in the sunlight. Peaceful and dignified, Australorps are an absolutely delightful bird which we highly recommend to anyone who wants a pet chicken that lays dependably.

This breed originated in Australia developed from Black Orpingtons imported from England; and the emphasis of the breeding program was on egg production without sacrificing too much in size and meat quality. Some sensational results were made in the Australian program, and one hen set a laying ...


Astralorp  - Chickens Breeds

About Ayam Cemani ChickensAyam Cemani


Ayam Cemani is an uncommon and relatively modern breed of chicken from Indonesia. Ayam means "chicken"" in Bahasa Indonesia. Cemani refers to the village on the island of Java this breed originates. They have probably been used for centuries for religious and mystical purpose. They were first described by Dutch colonial settlers and first imported to Europe in 1998 by the Dutch breeder Jan Steverink.

Their beak and tongue, black comb and wattles; even their meat, bones, and organs appear black. However, their blood is normally colored. The birds' black color occurs as a result of excess pigmentation of the tissues, caused by a genetic condition known as fibromelanosis. This gene is also found in some other black fowl br ...

Ayam Cemani  - Chickens Breeds

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About Barnevelder ChickensBarnevelder


Barnevelder chickens are named for the town of Barneveld in central Netherlands. They are good layers of large brown eggs and, unlike some other breeds, continue to lie well during winter.

In the 1850s Asian chickens began to arrive in Europe, where they were at first known as "Shanghai" chickens. These were initially cross-bred among them, and only later developed into breeds such as the Brahma, the Cochin and the Croad Liangshan. From about 1865, some of these Shanghai chickens were cross-bred with local farmyard chickens in the area of Barneveld. Towards the end of the nineteenth century there may also have been some breeding with a type called Amerikaanse Nuthoenders which served as utility birds that showed some si ...

Barnevelder  - Chickens Breeds

About Belgian Bantam ChickensBelgian Bantam


Antwerp Belgian Bantam chickens, also known as Quail Bantam or Bearded D'Anvers, are similar to Belgian Bearded d'Uccle Bantams, but they are clean-legged and have a rose comb instead of a single comb. They are tiny bantams are very friendly and quick to catch the eye.

They have a unique quail color pattern. Their body is a brownish-black and is slightly tinged with a straw color. Their breast is bay and their head is black with a bay colored beard and muff. 

Belgian Bantam  - Chickens Breeds

About Bianca di Saluzzo ChickensBianca di Saluzzo


The breeds traditionally reared in Piedmont were tw the Bionda Piemontese and the Bianca di Saluzzo (or Bianca di Cavour).

Those two breeds currently count a few hundreds animals, bred by a few local agricoltural high schools that took the initiative to revive and preserve the original type since 1999. Fertilized eggs, chicks, pullets and breeders can be bought from Institute of Verzuolo.

Pullets start laying from 6-7th month. Eggs have white shell and the mean weight is 50 g. The egg laying is higher in spring and summer with a mean production of 180 units. The rate of hatching is high.

The quality of the meat, depending on the rearing techniques and feeding, is high.

The typical produ ...

Bianca di Saluzzo  - Chickens Breeds

About Bionda Piemontese ChickensBionda Piemontese


The breeds traditionally reared in Piedmont were tw the Bionda Piemontese and the Bianca di Saluzzo (or Bianca di Cavour).

Those two breeds currently count a few hundreds animals, reared by a few local agricultural high schools (Institute of Verzuolo, Cuneo) that took the initiative to revive and preserve the original type since 1999.

The Bionda Piemontese is very rustic and resistant to many diseases. The growth is rapid and the production of meat is valuable. The animals are reared out door and slaughtered at 112 days: typical productions can also be obtained at 70 days, with mean weight of approximately 1.5 kg. The killing percentage is high and the quality of meat is excellent also when extensive rearing ...

Bionda Piemontese  - Chickens Breeds

About Booted Bantam ChickensBooted Bantam


Booted Bantams are ornamental chickens with over twenty different plumages; they often steal the show in exhibition. They are small, easily tamed, hardy, and friendly; they make good pets.

Booted Bantams are friendly, easily tamed, and easily handled. They like to forage in the garden for bugs and seed and do so without the damaging plants and soil as would other breeds. The hens brood a couple times a year. They make good mothers. Booted Bantams bear both individual and group confinement well. Small, clean, and entertaining they have all the qualifications for a good pet and show animal for enthusiasts.

They have a single comb with five point, red wattles, and matching earlobes. The most wid ...

Booted Bantam  - Chickens Breeds

About Braekel (Brakel) ChickensBraekel (Brakel)


Braekel chickens are one of the older European chicken breeds. Their history dates back to 1416. They were even mentioned as a successful poultry breed of Belgium. There is a miniature version of the Braekel.Two distinct types of Braekel were recognized in the past: the large type living on rich clay soil Flanders, and a light-weight type from the less fertile region, the Kempen. Due to crossbreeding between the different types, this distinction vanished, resulting in a single type.

In the UK, USA, and Australia, however, one can still find descendants of the Kempische Brakel under its old name “Campine”. Campines has evolved differently from the Brakel.

Their most noticeable difference is the hen-feath ...

Braekel (Brakel)  - Chickens Breeds

About Brahma ChickensBrahma


Source <a href=https://www.cacklehatchery.com/light-brahmas.html class = body target = _blank>Cackle Hatchery</a> Brahma chickens are a large breed of chicken developed in the United States from very large birds imported from Shanghai. Brahma was the principal chicken used for meat in the US from the 1850s until about 1930.

There has been considerable controversy over the origin of the Brahma. It appears to have developed in the United States from birds imported from Shanghai. Limited cross-breeding with Chittagong chickens from Bangladesh is likely what gave the Brahma the distinctive characteristics of head shape and the pea comb that distinguish them from the Cochin (another breed that derives from comon ancestors).Brahmas were first exported to England in December 1852 when George Burnham sent nine "Gray Shanghaes" to Queen Vic ...

Brahma  - Chickens Breeds

About Buckeye ChickensBuckeye


Buckeye chickens originating in the U.S. state of Ohio. Ohio is known as "the Buckeye state"; which were they got their name. They were first bred and developed in 1896, by a Warren, Ohio resident named Nettie Metcalf. Nettie Metcalf crossbred Barred Plymouth Rocks, Buff Cochins, and some black breasted red games to produce the Buckeye. Her goal was a functional breed that could produce well in the bitter Midwest winters.

Buckeye chickens are a calm dual-purpose chicken that have a decent laying ability (between 150 and 200 eggs per year) and strong meat production characteristics. Buckeyes are yellow skinned chickens that lay brown eggs. They are the only purely American chicken breed to sport a pea comb, and this, co ...

Buckeye  - Chickens Breeds

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About California Gray ChickensCalifornia Gray


California Gray chickens are an American breed developed by James Dryden during the 1930s. They are a dual-purpose chicken: they are good for meat production and egg laying.

First the  California White breed was developed with a White Leghorn rooster bred to three Barred Plymouth Rock hens. Then a Barred Plymouth Rock rooster was bred to California White Leghorn hens to make the California Gray.

Barred Plymouth Rock chickens are a very popular and heavy dual purpose breed with alternating black and white stripes. On the other hand, White Leghorn chickens are white, small in size and excellent white eggs layer. The result was a naturally autosexing breed with gray barred plumage. They are not as l ...

California Gray  - Chickens Breeds

About Campine ChickensCampine


Campine Chickens' intelligent nature, upright carriage, and stunning plumage make them a show favorite. They are rare in America, but they enjoy popularity in Northern Europe. They are an active breed, and they do better as show birds and layers than as pets. They weigh only four to five pounds, but they produce an average of three, medium-white eggs a week on modest feed.

Although of docile temperament, detractors of the breed label them "wild." Campines like their freedom and will chafe at confinement in good weather. Like many foragers they have an inherent intelligence necessary for free-range chickens. The term "cocky" applies to the Campine demeanor. They strut with the spirit of a fowlish thoroughbred. As a group ...

Campine  - Chickens Breeds

About Catalana ChickensCatalana


Catalanas are a dual-purpose chicken that are both good as egg layers and meat animals. They lay four eggs a week in white, cream, or pink colors. The standard size Catalana makes a good meat production fowl. Catalanas handle extreme heat well- a fact which accounts for their popularity in Spain and Latin America. They like to forage, brood just a little, and generally exercise their independence. Many breeders value Catalanas, especially the bantam size, as ornamentals more than egg or meat producers. They are lively, active, flighty, seldom friendly; and do best under free-range conditions.

Catalanas usually display a basic light buff plumage with reddish buff hackles. All varieties have a greenish-black tail. They stan ...

Catalana  - Chickens Breeds

About Chantecler ChickensChantecler


Photo: <a href=https://www.facebook.com/joanne.h.thomas.50?fref=ufi target = _blank class = body>Jo Phipps Thomas</a> Chantecler chickens were developed in Canada. They can handle cold well; but have little tolerance to heat. They have a tight feathered plumage with a thick under layer of down.

They are a dual-purpose chicken. They lay four to seven medium, brown eggs a week and are large enough to be suitable for good meat production. They mature quickly and lay consistently far into the cold months producing as many as 210 eggs a year.

Chanteclers reflect their environment. Hardy, rugged, and ready to face the cold, they prefer the outdoors to confinement. A little high strung, they will tolerate the coop but will grow temperamental when confined for long periods of time. Owners rate Chanteclers as non-aggressi ...

Chantecler  - Chickens Breeds

About Cochin ChickensCochin


Cochin Chickens eat just about anything and suffer from the resultant obesity. However, if one wants a chicken to love, choose a Cochin.

Their large size, full plumage and heat-producing appetites equips them for the cold weather. Cochins only lay an average of two, medium brown eggs per week or 120 per annum. Cochins seldom fly or wander and forage little. Overall, they produce poorly in every category. They lay few eggs, mature slowly as a meat fowl, and succumb to metabolism, heart, liver, and fertility disease. However, what they lack in production, they make up in personality.

Cochin are peaceful, friendly, quiet, and easily handled. They seemingly like confinement and make themselves comfort ...

Cochin  - Chickens Breeds

About Cornish (a.k.a. Indian Game) ChickensCornish (a.k.a. Indian Game)


Cornish, also known as Indian Game, Chickens are bred specifically for meat production. They produce meat more efficiently than any other chicken. They reach a dressing weight of five pounds at five weeks. Cornish chickens lack the typical hairy feathers left over after plucking other breeds - a fact which saves processors the energy and time of singeing the carcass prior to butchering. They show little desire to forage and generally handles confinement well.

They are considered loud and intractable. The roosters readily show aggression and Cornish chicks at times show cannibalism. Health problems associated with their rapid growth prevent the kind of activity common to most chickens. The high feed conversion ra ...

Cornish (a.k.a. Indian Game)  - Chickens Breeds

About Crevecoeur ChickensCrevecoeur


Crevecoeur chickens are a dual-purpose bird; but they serve mainly as an ornamental show bird today. They do, however, lay 120 medium eggs per annum and matures into a meaty fowl in a reasonable amount of time. Crevecoeur chickens boast a short grained, extremely white meat on small boned skeleton. They have a high percentage of meat to total carcass weight.  

The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy has listed the Crevecoeur as endangered worldwide. The US has less than 500 Crevecoeur breeding chickens.  

Although described as an active breed, Crevecouers bear confinement well and rarely go broody in the coop. Owners characterize them as calm, friendly, and easy to handle. However, some Crevecoeur br ...

Crevecoeur  - Chickens Breeds

About Cubalaya ChickensCubalaya


Cubalaya chickens are classified as game birds and come from fighting stock. Although more aggressive than the common breed of chicken, they display less aggression than most game birds. Cubalayas do surprisingly well as egg layers and meat producers. They lay four or five medium-sized, tan eggs a week. As a table bird they have a fine grained white meat. Cubalayas can take up to three years to fully mature; however, most can reproduce at six months of age. Cubalayas tolerate both heat and humidity well. Cuba uses Cubalayas for meat and eggs while the US recognizes them primarily as ornamentals.

First time owners express surprise at the friendliness and curiosity of Cubalayas. Chicks will eat from human hands at birth. Th ...

Cubalaya  - Chickens Breeds

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About Delaware ChickensDelaware


Delaware Chickens were originally developed for commercial, dual-purpose use but later they were replaced by hybrids. Delawares today make excellent backyard chickens. They typically lay four, large, brown eggs a week far into the winter months. Delawares mature quickly and produce a clean, white-meat table fowl. Chicks develop feathers quicker than most breeds. They handle both cold and heat well. Unlike present day commercial breeds, they do well as a free-range, foraging chicken. Delawares have dwindled to a few hundred birds. Many breeders keep them today with the goal of preserving the Delaware as one of America's heritage breeds.

Delawares bear confinement well. Generally a docile breed, Delawares get alon ...

Delaware  - Chickens Breeds

About Derbyshire Redcap ChickensDerbyshire Redcap


Derbyshire Redcaps area a breed of chicken originating in Derbyshire, England. They have an unusually large Rose-type comb which is where they got the name "Redcap". It is covered in small, fleshy points, and has a distinct spike pointing backwards called a "leader". Their combs, wattles and earlobes are all bright red.

Redcaps are a native English bird that have been written about since at least the early 19th century. Most likely they were derived from Golden Spangled Hamburgs, Dorkings, Old English Pheasant Fowl, and Black-Breasted Red Games.

Derbyshire Redcaps were common on British farms until the middle of the 20th century, particularly around the southern Pennines. They have never been preferred b ...

Derbyshire Redcap  - Chickens Breeds

About Dominique ChickensDominique


Dominique Chickens are dual purpose birds. They excel in egg production and lay a steady three, large, brown eggs a week long into the winter months. Hardy survivors, the Dominique can survive a cold winter or a hot, humid summer. Dominiques mature quickly. A medium size fowl dresses out as an acceptable three-pound table bird.

Dominiques chickens grew up with America. In colonial days the Dominique fended for themselves as foragers of seeds, insects, and plants. Colonial America valued the Dominique's feathers as fill for their pillows and mattresses.

Broody Dominique hens make good mothers and pets. The hens have exceptional success and low mortality rates raising their brood. The hens have a c ...

Dominique  - Chickens Breeds

About Dorking ChickensDorking


Dorking Chickens excel as quality-meat producers. Dorkings have a tender, fine-textured, flavorful white meat. They are tolerable egg layers and produce 140 eggs a year with maximum outlay during spring and summer. Dorkings have the unique distinction of existing as one of a few fowl with red earlobes that lays white eggs; most red ear lobe chickens lay brown eggs. A hardy breed, the Dorking tolerates cold and will work well in the northern latitudes.

Dorkings have an exceptional, often irritating, brooding instinct. They like to sit on eggs. Entire flocks have gone on strike preferring to sit on eggs rather than lay them. Of course, their broodiness also translates into good mothering dispositions. Dorkings have a calm ...

Dorking  - Chickens Breeds

About Dutch Bantam ChickensDutch Bantam


Dutch Bantam chickens are one of the few true bantams (naturally small -  and not originating from Large Fowl). Plus Bantam Island in the Dutch East Indies is the original homeland of these docile, proud little birds. Dutch Bantams, in their gold partridge form, are about as close as you can get visually to the ancestor of all chickens: the red Jungle Fowl.  

Dutch Bantams are hardy, active, and lively little birds and come in many beautiful colors and patterns. They weigh between 0.45Kg and 0.55Kg (1lb to 1lb-3ozs) making them one of the smallest bantams. They are easy and straightforward to maintain. They are short bodied with a medium to high carriage. They have blue legs, white earlobes, and a single up ...

Dutch Bantam  - Chickens Breeds

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About Easter Egger ChickensEaster Egger


Easter Eggers are not technically a breed per se, but a variety of chickens that do not conform to any breed standard but lay large to extra-large eggs that vary in shade from blue to green to olive to aqua and sometimes even pinkish. Easter Eggers vary widely in color and conformation, and are exceptionally friendly and hardy. Since they are usually quite friendly to children and humans in general, they are a great choice for a family flock. Most hatcheries mistakenly label their Easter Eggers as Ameraucanas or Araucanas. Easter Eggers do not qualify to be shown, since they do not conform to a breed standard.

Easter Egger  - Chickens Breeds

About Egyptian Fayoumi ChickensEgyptian Fayoumi


Egyptian Fayoumis are an ancient Chicken that originated in the Nile Valley. They have are pretty and unique appearance. They hold their tails upright--nearly vertical--and have especially long, graceful necks. They are decent layers of smallish, cream, or tinted eggs.  

Egyptian Fayoumis are one of the most early maturing of chicken breeds: hens can begin laying eggs as early as 4-1/2 or 5 months. Fayoumis are known to be naturally resistant to Marek's Disease and to many other illnesses. However, they are normally fairly nervous in temperament, and can be feather pickers if they don't have enough room to roam. They can be territorial about their favorite nesting spots, and roosters are noisy. They are also fl ...

Egyptian Fayoumi  - Chickens Breeds

About Ermellinata di Rovigo ChickensErmellinata di Rovigo


The selection work started in 1959 (and completed in 1965) at the Experimental Poultry Station in Rovigo, a city in Northern Italy. The Sussex and Rhode Island Red contributed to its creation. The aim of the selection was to obtain a good producer of valuable meat and good layer.

They are a double-purpose breed (meat and eggs), with good precocity. Also the hens can be used in the interbreeding for the production of autosexing chicks.

The chicks are yellow with light-grey wings. Adults have a "ermellinato" livery: white Columbian or light (white livery with dark neck hackles and main tail feathers). Single comb, red earlobes. Yellow skin and shanks. At 120 days, cockerels and pullets reach the weight o ...

Ermellinata di Rovigo  - Chickens Breeds

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About Faverolles ChickensFaverolles


Faverolles Chickens are a utility fowl from France. The French crossed several breeds to create them. They mature early, produce a fine textured meat, and lay four eggs a week or 170 medium-sized, creamy or salmon colored eggs per year. They lay well in the winter months. Their downy feathers equip them to endure cold. Faverolles chickens seldom go broody. Owners report that Faverolles roosters rank as some of the most docile cocks in poultry world. Both hen and rooster make ideal pets.

Faverolles are sweet, docile, and personable. In a mixed flock Faverolles chickens usually appear at the bottom of the pecking order. Their non-aggressive manner carries over to people as well. Faverolles chickens accept a newcome ...

Faverolles  - Chickens Breeds

About Fayoumi ChickensFayoumi


Fayoumi Chickens are used as a research subject and ornamental. They lay two small cream colored eggs a week starting as early as four months of age. Fayoumi chickens mature quickly but only reach four pounds at full maturity. They show remarkable resistance to viral and bacterial disease and infection. Owners refer to the Fayoumi chicken as the "escape artist." They can really fly and love to forage when on the lam. Nearly wild, the Fayoumi goes feral if left too long on the range. They prefer to gather most of their own food. As pullets they have little broodiness, but a two-year-old hen will act quite broody. Tough, independent, and rangy the Fayoumi has little to recommend it as a domestic foul.

Fayoumi chickens fail ...

Fayoumi  - Chickens Breeds

About Friesian ChickensFriesian


Friesians are a Dutch chicken that originated on the Friesian Islands. They are a very old breed and excavation on the Islands have shown that they have been around for over 1000 years ago.

They are a small chicken but also a very good layer. They can produce around 230 eggs per year.  

They are gold pencilled, silver pencilled and chamois pencilled. The chamois is the most unusual color and perhaps the most attractive. They are different shades of yellow and buff and have a pattern that runs through each of its body feathers; this is not found in any other breed of chicken. All of the color varieties have eyes that are orange, earlobes that are white, and legs that are slate blue.


Friesian  - Chickens Breeds

About Frizzle ChickensFrizzle


Frizzle chickens have feathers that curl outwards, rather than laying flat as in most chickens. While many consider the Frizzle to be an entirely separate breed, chickens from all breeds may have a frizzled appearance.

Frizzle  - Chickens Breeds
There are no Chicken breeds that start with the letter G.

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About Hamburg ChickensHamburg


Hamburg chickens lay four small, white, flavor-packed eggs a week. What they lack in egg size, they make up in longevity. Hamburgs consistently lay for many years. In fact, the Dutch called them "everlayers." Hamburg hens mature early and start laying at four months of age. The chicks have a delicate constitution, but once established, the breed proves quite robust. Hamburgs like to forage and will fly the coop to do so. Fortunately, they tolerate cold and can endure a night away from the coop. They are an active breed and they often refuse to sit long enough to hatch their brood.

Hamburgs have a wild disposition. They like to fly, forage, and roost in trees. Owners have awoken to find their whole flock in the trees. Huma ...

Hamburg  - Chickens Breeds

About Holland ChickensHolland


Holland chickens are dual purpose birds developed at the Rutgers Breeding Farms in New Jersey,US. They were created with birds imported from Holland crossed with White Leghorns, Rhode Island Reds, New Hampshires, and Lamonas, which created the White Hollands. Another cross included White Leghorns, Barred Plymouth Rocks, Australorps and Brown Leghorns that produced the barred variety of Hollands. Both were accepted by the American Poultry Association in 1949.

White Hollands have pure white plumage without any other colors. Barred Hollands have black and white barred feathers covering the entire chicken. Holland hens have a darker plumage than the roosters. Roosters weigh eight pounds, and the hens weight six. Hollan ...

Holland  - Chickens Breeds

About Houdan ChickensHoudan


Houdans are dual-purpose chicken. In France they have a reputation as a high class table fowl. Houdans produce a juicy, white meat with fine bones. They are also fair egg producers: they lay two eggs a week for eight to ten years. Chicks mature quickly without issues. They handle confinement; although, they prefer foraging. Houdans can live on any soil type and secure most of their food by their own efforts. The ornamental Houdan does better in warm, dry climates. Their heavy head feathering freezes when cold and wet. Houdans produce less offal than other breeds resulting in fewer parasites in the soils under them.

Houdans enjoy human interaction. If handled early, the hens make great pets for children. Houdan roost ...

Houdan  - Chickens Breeds

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About Iowa Blue ChickensIowa Blue


The Iowa Blue was developed in the early 1900's near Decorah, Iowa. A folk legend tells the story of a white Plymouth Rock hen emerging from under a building with a clutch of chicks colored solid chestnut to striped. Old-timers tell the tale that the chicks were sired by a pheasant. The breed was carried by several Iowa hatcheries through the 1960s, but was nearly lost when the hatcheries went out of business. The breed was rescued from near extinction and has been bred and preserved through the efforts of a few breeders since the late 1980s. The Iowa Blue grew in popularity in 2011 with a group of dedicated breeders working to preserve and return the breed to its original type and purpose.  

With its plucky att ...

Iowa Blue  - Chickens Breeds

About Italian Naked-Neck ChickensItalian Naked-Neck


Italian Naked Neck, or Collo nudo italiana, chickens comes from Veneto (North-East of Italy). They probably originally came from Africa.

The hens are excellent layers and the eggs are large and white (160-180 eggs a year, 58-62 g each). Their meat is delicate with thin skin. Their subcutaneous and abdominal fat is nearly absent.

They are  very rustic and perfect for outdoor rearing, but poorly adapted to industrial production.

In the US the “Padovana riccia” is known as Polish Frizzle and the liveries are the same of the Polish. recently they have been re-imported to Italy from the U.S.

Content Source: Agraria.org
P ...

Italian Naked-Neck  - Chickens Breeds

About Italian Polish ChickensItalian Polish


Padovana Riccia - Italian Polish frizle (photo A. Bacchella) Italian Polish, or padovana, chickens are an ancient breed with uncertain origins. According to Darwin, it came from Poland. It probably arrived in Italy in XIV century, brought by Giovanni Dondi dell'Orologio, nobleman from Padua, eminent doctor and astronomer, fascinated by the beauty of those chickens.

The origin is anyway confused, mingling with the origin of the Polish and the Dutch, which is tuffled but not bearded. Many quotations of XVI century talk about a particularly famous and productive chicken in Padua county. The Padovana dal Gran Ciuffo has been described in the work Ornithologiae by Ulisse Aldovrandi (1600).

The decline of Padovana begun in XIX century. At the beginning of 1900 there ...

Italian Polish  - Chickens Breeds

About Ixworth ChickensIxworth


Ixworth chickens were developed by Reginald Appleyard in 1932 in the East Anglian county of Suffolk, England, in the village of Ixworth. Mr. Appleyard (the inventor of the Appleyard Duck) was looking to create the ideal dual-purpose chicken. His aim was to create a fast-growing table chicken, with respectable laying ability. Development involved white Sussex, white Minorca, white Orpington, Jubilee, and Indian Game.

The Ixworth was a hit in the British poultry markets in the mid 1930's-1940's. In its heyday, Ixworth chickens fetched a top price for their premium meat. However its popularity flared quickly, and within a decade, the demand for them drastically declined.

At about same time that the American p ...

Ixworth  - Chickens Breeds

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About Japanese Bantam ChickensJapanese Bantam


Japanese Bantams are show birds and pets. Technically a bantam is not a miniature version of a standard bird. A true bantam, for example, the Japanese Bantam has but one size.  

They are warm-weather fowl, they function best in warm, clean confinement. They love to forage in the lawn and do so without damaging the garden or yard. They help rid the soil of insects and weed seeds. Although small, Japanese Bantams have all the character and color of a standard size fowl. Japanese Bantams also has a voice equal to a standard chicken. The rooster can make a very loud and shrill noise. Japanese Bantams can live thirteen years and will give a family many years of fun filled enjoyment.  

Japanese Ba ...

Japanese Bantam  - Chickens Breeds

About Java ChickensJava


Javas are dual-purpose chickens. They excel in meat production and Java hens lays two, medium brown eggs a week. By commercial standards they mature slowly; however, their maturation rates prove sufficient for the small scale farmer. Given their large size, the backyard farmer can butcher a young cockerel and still have a respectable-size, table bird for a family. Their black pin feathers serve as quality control indicators over the plucking process by showing missed feathers.  

They do best in warm weather. In colder climates they need a well-insulated coop. Javas meet fifty percent of their nutrition needs by foraging which makes them an economical fowl to rise.  

They are a large fowl bre ...

Java  - Chickens Breeds

About Jersey Giant ChickensJersey Giant


Jersey Giant weighs in as the largest purebred chicken in the world. The weight of mature roosters is 11 to 15 pounds and they are usually 22 to 26 inches tall. Mature hens 9 to 11 pounds and usually 16 to 20 inches tall - however;  the image shown here is very inaccurate.

Unfortunately, it takes six months for the Jersey Giant to grow its giant skeleton and another three months before it has sufficient bulk for butchering. Their slow maturation rate makes them unviable for commercial meat production. Jersey Giants lay three extra-large, brown eggs a week. They will brood chicks; however, their massive size often leads to crushed eggs or chicks. In spite of their size, Jersey Giants fit well into a small ...

Jersey Giant  - Chickens Breeds

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About Kraienköppe (Twentse) ChickensKraienköppe (Twentse)


Kraienkopp (in german), or Twents Hoen (in Dutch), chickens originated on the border region between Germany and the Netherlands. They were developed in the late nineteenth century with crosses of local chickens with Malays, and later with Silver Duckwing Leghorns.

They were first shown in the Netherlands in 1920, and were shown in Germany in 1925. They are rare today, and are best known as a layer and show birds. Hens lay a fair number of off-white eggs, and will go broody. They are an active bird with excellent foraging abilities.  

Kraienkopps appears in two color varieties: Black-breasted Red and Silver. Males weigh 2.75 kilos (6 pounds), and females weigh 1.8 kilos (4 pounds). They have yellow sk ...

Kraienköppe (Twentse)  - Chickens Breeds

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About La Fleche (A.K.A. La Fleche (A.K.A. "The Devil Bird")


La Fleche (which is French for the "the Arrow") chickens have the nickname of "the Devil Bird" because they have a large red V comb that looks like the classic red horns associated with the Devil.  

La Fleche chickens are a dual purpose bird. They lay three large, extra-large, white eggs a week from March to October averaging 180 per annum. However, La Fleches stand out as a meat foul. They seemingly distribute their fat to create an enviable juiciness in all parts of the carcass. La Fleche chicks grow slowly but make up for it in flavor and in their high dressed ratio (dressed weight/live weight) at butchering time.  

La Fleche chickens will adapt to confinement but prefer foraging o ...

La Fleche (A.K.A.

About Lakenvelder ChickensLakenvelder


Lakenvelders chickens originate from the Middle East and are bred primarily for egg production. The hens lay three medium, porcelain white eggs as week. They are an active breed and they have little time for brooding and they will seldom sit in a nest. They enjoy foraging and will cover a large area if allowed to do so. With adequate space they gather most of their own food. They have delicious, white meat, albeit, minimal in quantity.

Lakenvelders adapts well to their environment. Their origins from the Middle East might lead one to assume that Lakenvelders could only survive in warmer climates. However, they have thrived in Europe for decades and adapt to a wide range of weather.

Lakenvelder chickens have ma ...

Lakenvelder  - Chickens Breeds

About Langshan ChickensLangshan


Langshan, also known as Croad Langshan, hens lay three medium to large brown eggs a week. They lay into the winter months and usually average 150 eggs per annum. Langshans mature slowly as layers and meat producers. At twenty four weeks they dress out at seven pounds. They produce a good quality meat, but their shape lends itself more to a roaster than a fryer. Langshans can easily clear a six foot fence. They tolerate extremes in temperature from 100 degrees Fahrenheit to subzero.  

Langshans often surprise first-time owners. For a large fowl they prove quite active. Fortunately, Langshans also possess a docile, calm, and friendly disposition. They tame easily and live long. Langshans make a good family pet. The ...

Langshan  - Chickens Breeds

About Legbar ChickensLegbar


Legbars were the second autosexing chickens (Autosexing is when day old chicks can be sexed by their different appearances when they have hatched) that were ever created. They were developed at Cambridge University in England.

  The Gold Legbar variety was first developed and was developed from a brown Leghorn rooster and Barred Plymouth Rock Hens, both from utility strains which were used in the first mating. The second mating took two of the male offspring, mating them with brown Leghorn hens. After producing many hundreds of chicks, selection was performed and then these birds were mated and from their offspring, light colored males with two barring genes were kept together with the Creem colored females. Sil ...

Legbar  - Chickens Breeds

About Leghorn ChickensLeghorn


The breed Livorno or "Italian chicken" is known as "Leghorn" all over the world. The origin is not so clear, probably from Central Italy, obtained from the selection of light chicken reared in Tuscany countryside. The name comes from the harbour from which, in 1828, some flocks have been sent to North America. (In the world there are many stocks of Leghorn: Italian L., Dutch L., English L., Danish L., German Italiener, American L., Canadian L.)

In 1874 was added to the American Standard of Perfection in its white, black and brown livery. The white specimen was most of all selected as layer. Later on, the Leghorn came back to Europe from America, landing at U.K. in 1870 and back to Italy again. In England they still have ...

Leghorn  - Chickens Breeds

About Lincolnshire Buff ChickensLincolnshire Buff


Lincolnshire Buff chickens were bred in significant numbers on Lincolnshire farms to supply the London markets between the 1850's and early 1900's. The start of this trade coincides with the development of the railway network that linked the small market towns with the capital and its opportunities for business. Lincolnshire Buffs were a fast growing, hardy bird that had excellent table qualities. At the time, buff was a popular color for table birds since they provided white table birds that when plucked left a clean carcass without leaving dark feather stubs.

During the 1850's, Dorking chickens were common on most farms and it is thought that Lincolnshire Buffs were created from crosses between the recently imported b ...

Lincolnshire Buff  - Chickens Breeds

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About Malay ChickensMalay


Malay chickens can stand over three feet tall. Bred originally for cockfighting, owners today keep them primarily for exhibition. They lay one egg a week. At best an older hen may lay fifty eggs a year. Malays have a lean, tough carcass that usually requires special cooking preparation. Although a rangy, aggressive fowl, they lack hardiness. Malays do poorly in confinement. Breeders have used them quite effectively for regenerating and improving other Asian fowl.

Raised to fight, the Malay chicken displays a fierce aggressiveness. A Malayan hen will kill chicks from other hens if they come to close to hers. Of course, the roosters will always fight given the opportunity. If an owner has too many Malay chickens in confin ...

Malay  - Chickens Breeds

About Malaysian Serama Bantam  ChickensMalaysian Serama Bantam


Malaysian Serama Bantams are the smallest breed of chicken in the world, weighing less than 500g. They are only 15-25 cm tall (a standard can of soda is 11.5 cm tall) and are the result of crossing Japanese bantams with Malaysian bantams.

They originated in Malaysia and the birds we see today were developed from crosses of Ayam Kapans and Japanese Bantams in the 1970's and 80's by Wee Yean Een. They are supposedly named after the Thai king, Raja Sri Rama, who, like these little birds, was renowned for his majestic appearance and proud carriage.

There are 3 categories for this breed and they are graded according to their weight with the smallest and most desirable weighing just 350g. They are very upright lit ...

Malaysian Serama Bantam   - Chickens Breeds

About Marans ChickensMarans


Marans lay three eggs a week. Marans are prized for dark brown or chocolate colored eggs. Ian Fleming, the creator of the James Bond novels helped popularize the eggs and the breed by making their eggs the favorite of 007. Raised in a damp region of France, Marans tolerate wet conditions well. However, they run the risk of frostbite as do all breeds with large comb or wattles. The poultry world often overlooks the meat producing capabilities of the Marans. Marans grow quickly and produce a succulent, fine-textured, white meat.  

Marans are quiet, friendly, and docile. They make a great pet or 4H fowl for young people. One breeder who had raised hundreds of Marans roosters claimed that he had never had an aggress ...

Marans  - Chickens Breeds

About Marsh Daisy ChickensMarsh Daisy


Marsh Daisys are a rare breed of chicken originating in Lancashire, England. Their name may be related to its origin in a marsh-like area, or that its large rose comb resembles the flower of the Marsh Daisy.

Beginning in the 1880s in Southport, Lancashire, Old English Game, roosters were crossed with Malay hens to create the foundation for the breed. Black Hamburgs, White Leghorns, and Sicilian Buttercups were also added to complete its characteristics. They become a proper, defined breed in England in 1913.  

Marsh Daisy chickens are a hardy, economical barnyard chicken, but they are slow to mature. They are a lightweight breed of standard fowl, with males at a maximum of 2.95 kilos (6.5 pounds) ...

Marsh Daisy  - Chickens Breeds

About Mericanel della Brianza ChickensMericanel della Brianza


Mericanel della Brianza Chickens are a Bantam breed which originally came from Lombardia, Italy. They are the only Bantam breed officially recognized in Italy. They are good brooding hens and are able to brood eggs of games or from other breeds.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org

Mericanel della Brianza  - Chickens Breeds

About Millefiori di Lonigo ChickensMillefiori di Lonigo


Millefiori di Lonigo chickens were shown for the first time in 1934 at the Sixteenth Padua Trade Fair by the Itinerant Lonigo Centre for Agricultural Research.

Some Millefiori di Lonigo chickens have been found in a traditional farm in South-Veneto, Italy, and they have been studied for two years in order to understand their real nature. Afterwards, the ri-selection of an ancient breed started: the Millefiori di Lonigo.

The most common problems were: rose eggs, red-veined earlobes, erect comb in female.
Many years of disorderly crossbreeding have partly distort the breed, but hopefully the old progeny has not been completely lost.

Typical are the late feathering, similar to Valdarnese, and the ...

Millefiori di Lonigo  - Chickens Breeds

About Millefiori Piemontese ChickensMillefiori Piemontese


The Millefiori Piemontese is currently extinct, however, according to local experts, it seems to have still existed in the beginning of the 1990's although genetically altered by out-crossing. According to the available description, it seems to have been quite similar to the Ancona breed (exchequer), heavily built and with red earlobes but still quite similar to the typical homosomic Mediterranean chickens. 

The possiblity of surviving of few relict Millefiori Piemontese chicken can't be excluded, so who knows? They may come back. 

Content and photo source: Agraria.org


Millefiori Piemontese  - Chickens Breeds

About Minorca ChickensMinorca


Minorca Chickens were developed to be an egg laying bird. While their egg-laying has slowed since there original conception, they're still exceptional layers. While not specifically bred to be dinner birds, you can still get a decent meal out of them. There is also a small version of the Minorcas that tends to be more popular within the show circuit.  

Minorcas are known to be flighty birds that don't generally make great pets. In addition, the males are typically fairly aggressive and can't be kept together without fighting. This is only really with other chickens though, so don't worry about handling them too much. They don't particularly like being confined, so a large run would be a great for their active n ...

Minorca  - Chickens Breeds

About Modenese ChickensModenese


The Modenese has been described as a local breed by some authors. According to some others, the Modenese should be the result of crossbreeding among Padovana Comune (Improved Magiarola), White Livorno, and Black Red Livorno.

Because of the predominant black red variety wheaten, it was called Buff of Modena. The Modenese chicken appears in some paintings by Gaetano Chierici, an artist from Emilia-Romagna. A breeding of Modenese has been recently discovered and the University of Parma is carrying out the productivity tests.

A small stock is bred by the University of Parma, in the Veterinary Faculty.There also is a conservation project carried out by the Province of Parma and the Animal Production Department of ...

Modenese  - Chickens Breeds

About Modern Game  ChickensModern Game


Modern Games chickens are prized almost entirely for their abilities as show chickens. They are very easy to tame and make for a simple but elegant breed, popular with most fanciers. They aren't very well-suited for laying eggs though. They are also not the best meat birds as they are so small to begin with and skinny.

Modern Games are known to be extremely aggressive, so extra care should be taken when interacting with Roosters. Even the hens have aggressive tendencies at times. They don't like being confined for very long, but they can be trained to be friendly toward their owners.

Everything about them is upright, so they stand tall and carry their short tails high. Their shoulders are distinguishable as th ...

Modern Game   - Chickens Breeds

About Mugellese ChickensMugellese


Mugellese, also known as Mugginese, are a rustic dual-purpose bantam from Tuscany, in central Italy. They get their name from the Mugello, an area to the north-east of Florence. They were common until the 1950's, but became rare in the second half of the 20th century. They are now in a phase of recovery, selection, and improvement.  

Mugellese hens are broody. The capons are used to raise the chicks immediately after the birth. They are a very lively chicken, very active, even if mild.

They are dark golden (partridge) and hens may also be wheaten buff. Their skin is white and their legs are pale or flesh-colored. They have a single comb is with 4-6 points. Their ear-lobes range from red to white. Thei ...

Mugellese  - Chickens Breeds

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About Naked-Neck ChickensNaked-Neck


Naked Neck chickens (also known as Transylvanian Naked Necks or Turken) are a breed of chicken that is naturally devoid of feathers on its neck and vent. They originally are from Transylvania and were largely developed in Germany.

They are often referred to as Turkens because of the mistaken idea that they were a hybrid of a chicken and a turkey. Naked Neck chickens are fairly common in Europe today, but are rare in North America and very common in South American.

The naked neck trait is dominant and is fairly easy to introduce into other breeds. There are other breeds of naked necked chicken, such as the French naked neck or Italian Naked neck, which is often confused with the Transylvanian.

Naked-Neck  - Chickens Breeds

About Nankin Bantams ChickensNankin Bantams


Nankin Bantams, or just Nankins, are a British bantam chicken. They are a true bantam, a naturally small breed with no large counterpart from which it was miniaturized. They yellowish buff colored, and the name is thought to derive from the color of Nankeen cotton from China.

There are two varieties of Nankin chickens, differentiated by comb type; the single comb Nankin has a large comb with five points, and the rose comb has a medium size one ending in a single point. All Nankins come in a single color, with buff on the body and black tails. The golden hue is deeper and more lustrous in males, and they have the longer sickle feathers common in cocks. Their beaks are a light horn color, and legs are slate blue.

...

Nankin Bantams  - Chickens Breeds

About New Hampshire ChickensNew Hampshire


New Hampshire, or New Hampshire Red, chickens were developed to be quick with eggs and heavy with meat. They tend to produce quite a lot of brown eggs each year. They mature quickly, meaning they can be fattened up and cooked much sooner than other breeds.  

New Hampshire Reds are very easy to tame and are generally very friendly. They are laid back and content to just lay eggs and be raised for dinner. Despite being so relaxed, they are quite active and do well in a nice open space where they can run about and forage. When kept with their same breed, the issue of aggression doesn't generally come up.  

New Hampshire Reds are big birds with their distinctive red color with bluish or black ...

New Hampshire  - Chickens Breeds

About Norfolk Grey ChickensNorfolk Grey


Norfolk Grey chickens are a dual-purpose that originated in Norfolk, England, around 1910.

They were originally created by Frederick W Myhill of Hethel, Wymondham under the name Black Maria. It is believed that he used Birchen English Game and possibly Duckwing Leghorns. The game inclusion would account for the excellent meat ability and the Leghorn for the laying ability.  

During the First World War, they were allowed to free range while Myhill had departed for military service. On his return, he discovered that the birds had cross bred with other breeds and the strain had to be recreated. In 1925, Myhill applied to the Poultry Club of Great Britain in 1925 to have the name changed to Norfol ...

Norfolk Grey  - Chickens Breeds

About Norwegian Jaerhone ChickensNorwegian Jaerhone


Norwegian Jaerhones are auto-sexing chickens developed in the 1920s from local breeds in the Jaeren district of Norway.

Jaerhons were the principal chicken breed of Norway until imports of foreign breeds began in the nineteenth century. They were selectively bred at the state-controlled breeding station at Bryne in Jaeren from its establishment in 1916 until it closed in 1973. Breeding stock were then transferred to the state agricultural college at Hvam, Nes.

They come in two color varieties: dark brown and yellow, and light brown and yellow. They have a single comb and their beak and legs are bright yellow.

A miniature version with the same two color varieties was approved in 1994.

Jaerhons hens lay ...

Norwegian Jaerhone  - Chickens Breeds

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About Old English Game ChickensOld English Game


Old English Game are one of the most popular show chickens with fanciers, which is fortunate because they don't provide a lot of meat and they aren't very good layers.  

Old English Games are quick to be trained to their handlers, becoming friendly and calm almost instantly, making them a wonderful choice to have around children. Younger roosters will fight once in a while, but this is common with most any breed. In addition, the hens are so tolerant that they have no problem sharing space with even hens of other breeds. They are perfectly fine with little space and keep fairly quiet, so they are a good choice for a residential area.  

Despite being a bantam and therefore small, Old Engli ...

Old English Game  - Chickens Breeds

About Orloff ChickensOrloff


Orloff, also known as Russian Orloff, chickens are named after Alexei Grigoryevich Orlov, a Russian Count. For most of its history, the Orloff was considered to be a product of Russia and Orlov, but modern research has discovered that the breed first appeared in Persia, and was distributed across Europe and Asia by the 17th century. However, Count Orlov was a key promoter of the breed in the 19th century, and the breed became known in the West following his efforts.

Orloffs were first introduced to Great Britain in the 1920s, and were also refined a good deal in Germany; Germans created the first miniaturized Orloff by 1925. They were once included in the American Poultry Association's breed standard, the Standard of Perfec ...

Orloff  - Chickens Breeds

About Orpington ChickensOrpington


Orpingtons are all around great birds. They can lay up to 200 eggs in a year, are thick and meaty birds for cooking, and are easily relaxed for showing. They tend to be a good choice for any chicken enthusiast just getting into the hobby or for any farmer needing a top-notch reliable chicken around the yard.  

Orpingtons are friendly and relaxed, so much so that they can be training to feed from the hand. They are perfectly content in confinement, which goes along with why they make such good show chickens. They're very active and like to explore, yet they aren't too concerned when there isn't too much space to do so. They tend to like each other and don't get into arguments or squabbles either.  
< ...

Orpington  - Chickens Breeds

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About Pekin Bantam ChickensPekin Bantam


Pekin bantams are a Chinese True bantam, a breed of miniature chicken which has no large version. The first Pekins are believed to have been taken from the private collection of the Emperor of China at Peking (now known as Beijing) by British soldiers towards around 1860. However, some sources suggest that a consignment of birds from China around 1835 were given to Queen Victoria, and that these birds were bred with further imports and were developed into the breed we know today as Pekin Chickens.

Pekin bantam look like a miniature version of Cochin chickens and are often known in the United States and Canada as Cochin Bantams. However, they are unrealted.  

Pekin bantams possess a wealth of featherin ...

Pekin Bantam  - Chickens Breeds

About Penedesenca ChickensPenedesenca


Penedesencas are Spanish chickens that are best known for laying large qualities of brown eggs. In fact, no other breed can produce eggs as dark as the Penedesenca can. They are a rare breed, though they still work well as a meat bird due to their hearty build.  

They have a very unique comb that starts as a single comb but splits into multiple combs near the back of the head. They have red ear-lobes with white centers despite laying brown eggs, red combs, and red wattles. There are four varieties, the Wheaten, the Partridge, the Crele, and the Black, each with slightly different color schemes, all with black beaks and legs, save for the Crele which has white beaks and legs.  

Penedese ...

Penedesenca  - Chickens Breeds

About Pepoi ChickensPepoi


Bantam breed, very common in Veneto and Friuli (North-East Italy). It's probably the only Bantam rustic breed, used for production. The Pepoi can be easily reared and it's a good solution for the production of portion chicken. The breast has good pectoral muscles, excellent for the spit; the meat is very tasty.

Mean laying: 160-180 (rose shell, 40-45 g).Great broodiness and aptitude to chicks care.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org

Pepoi  - Chickens Breeds

About Phoenix ChickensPhoenix


Phoenixes are a show bird more than anything; they are extremely poor egg layers and their body structure doesn't make them very good fryers. Phoenix Chickens are best known for their tail, which can grow to almost absurd proportions. They have an average-sized single comb and medium length wattle, both a light red color. Their colorings can various wildly from silver to black to gold to red to brown. Their legs and beak are typically a light gray color.    

Phoenixes do well in confinement, which is good because they'll need lots of codling due to their tail feathers. Their attitudes range from shy and calm to aggressive and in-your-face. Generally though they aren't very friendly and don't like to be ...

Phoenix  - Chickens Breeds

About Pita Pinta Austuriana ChickensPita Pinta Austuriana


Pita Pinta Austuriana chickens, also known as Asturian Painted Hen , belongs to the Atlantic branch of domestic chickens and has common ancestry with other breeds in northern Spain, such as the Euskal Oiloa of the Basque Country. Their name comes from the Asturian language, in which pita means "hen" and pinta meaning "painted" or "mottled".

With the industrialization of egg production in Asturias in the 1950s and 1960s, the number of Pita Pinta Austuriana chickens dropped dramatically, almost to the point of extinction. They started to recover between 1980 and 1990. A breeders' association, the Asociación de Criadores de la Pita Pinta Asturiana, was founded in 2003; its 52 members have a total of 1842 birds. In 2005 the nu ...

Pita Pinta Austuriana  - Chickens Breeds

About Plymouth Rock ChickensPlymouth Rock


Plymouth Rock chickens were developed in New England in the middle of the 19th century as a dual-purpose fowl, meaning that they are valued both for their meat and for the hens' egg-laying ability. The first Plymouth Rock was barred and other varieties were developed later.

Plymouth Rock chickens were first exhibited as a breed in 1849. Several people claimed its invention, using crosses of Dominiques, Black Javas, Cochins, and perhaps Malays and Dorkings. John C. Bennett (1804-1867) has been credited with either creating or popularizing the breed.

Plymouth Rock chickens became popular very rapidly, and until World War II no breed was as popular in the United States as the Barred Plymouth Rock. They became s ...

Plymouth Rock  - Chickens Breeds

About Polish ChickensPolish


Polish (also known as Padovana of Chili or Polish Frizzles), chickens have a huge bouffant crest of feathers and a v-shaped comb.

Though the derivation of the Polish breed is unclear, one theory suggests that their ancestors were brought by Asian Mongols to Eastern Europe during medieval times, and thus, could have originated in Poland. It is also believed that immigrants could have brought the breed's predecessors from Spain or Italy in the late 16th century. The Polish was standardized in the Netherlands and declared a thoroughbred in the 16th century. Chickens bearing a strong resemblance to the Polish can be seen in paintings from the 15th century, and they were extensively portrayed in Dutch and Italian paintings f ...

Polish  - Chickens Breeds

About Poltava ChickensPoltava


Poltavas are an old Ukrainian dual-purpose chicken named after the Ukrainian city of Poltava. It is believed that they were developed from local chicken breeds.

They are found in Clay (the most common), Cuckoo, and Black. The tips of their flight feathers are black and their tail is brown-black. Roosters have a lighter neck than hens. Chicks are covered in light brown fuzz. They are very resistant and adapt easily to any conditions. The rooster weighs about 3 kg, and hens weigh about 2 kg. They lay around 160-215 brown eggs per year.

They are mainly used small ranches since their egg product and size is not attractive for commercial use.

Poltava  - Chickens Breeds

About Polverara ChickensPolverara


Ancient Italian breed which took origin in Polverara, a village in the county of Padua. Since 1400, it's known as "Padovana di Polverara", "Schiatta di Polverara" or "Schiatta". According to some authors, the breed is the ancestor of Padovana. On the contrary, some others assert that the Polverara came from the Padovana.

The breed has nearly disappeared. It's reared for its tasty meat and for the fair production of eggs. Nowadays there is a project for the recover of the breed and it's included in the list of "traditional products" of Italian Department of Agriculture and Forestry. Officially recognized in Italy.

Egg: minimum 50 g, whitish shell.

The trunk is well shaped, of medium size. The head is ...

Polverara  - Chickens Breeds
There are no Chicken breeds that start with the letter Q.

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About Red Shaver ChickensRed Shaver


Red Shavers are a sex linked dual-purpose chicken developed in Canada. They are used most frequently on small farms.  

Their pullets are reddish-brown with white under feathers, while males are white with a few red markings on their feathers. They are a quiet breed.  

Red Shaver hens lay from 305 to 315 large brown eggs a year. One four-year-old Red Shaver chicken in Ottawa was credited with laying an egg with a mass of 143 grams, which is almost three times the size of a standard medium egg (Typically a medium egg is 49 g, a jumbo egg is 70 g).  

They weight at 18 weeks about 3?1/2 lbs., and after one year of laying weight between 4?1/2 to 5 lbs. They dress out between ...

Red Shaver  - Chickens Breeds

About Redcap ChickensRedcap


Redcap chickens are excellent layers. They can't really be used for meat as they're considered an endangered breed, and they hate confinement so much that they are incredibly difficult to show.  

Redcaps look very similar to their cousins the Hamburgs, but they have larger red combs and ear-lobes. They have only one variety of plumage, appearing with dark reds, browns, and blacks with a black tail and commonly a black crescent shape on the side of the body.  

They need plenty of open space to wander and forage, otherwise they can become very restless. They are shy, preferring to just keep to themselves rather than running over to humans whenever one comes near.  

...

Redcap  - Chickens Breeds

About Rhode Island Red ChickensRhode Island Red


Rhode Island Reds are an outstanding egg laying; they can produce up to 220 eggs in a year on average. Since they are also hearty birds, they make for good meat chickens. Plus they are prized in shows.

Rhode Islands are aggressive birds with the roosters frequently fighting when confined to too small of a space. However, they tend to do very well with humans, coming running when it's time to be fed or even just to be held. It's quite normal for a Rhode Island Red to hop up onto your arm to roost.

Rhode Island Reds have a rectangular shape to their bodies and well-rounded breasts. Their tail, though, are pretty short compared to their body and are carried just slightly raised. They have red combs that are eithe ...

Rhode Island Red  - Chickens Breeds

About Rhode Island White ChickensRhode Island White


Rhode Island Whites are a dual-purpose chicken from the US state of Rhode Island. Despite their very similar names and shared place of origin, Rhode Island White chickens are a distinct breed from the Rhode Island Red. However, Rhode Island Reds and Whites can be bred together to create Red Sex Link hybrid chickens, such as the ISA Brown.

Rhode Island Whites were developed by J. Alonzo Jocoy of Peacedale, Rhode Island, starting in 1888. They were developed by crossing Partridge Cochins, White Wyandottes, and the rose comb variety of White Leghorn. Development was done by 1903. They were first accepted into the American Poultry Association's Standard of Perfection in 1922.

They were moderately popular up ...

Rhode Island White  - Chickens Breeds

About Rhodebar ChickensRhodebar


Rhodebars are a rare, autosexing chicken that were originally created in the UK during 1947 from crosses of Golden Brussbar cockerels and Rhode Island Red hens. They were first called Redbar chickens but later they got the name of Rhodebar.  

Rhodebars have a full breast and a deep, broad body with a long back. They are a deep reddish color with fine buff barring. They have a single upright comb, rounded wattles and a short beak. Legs and feet are yellow and they have 4 toes. Their tail is small with a black tip to the feathers. Sexing day old chicks is fairly straightforward. Yellow chicks are male and the females should have dark stripes or barring down their backs. Adult birds look very similar to Rhode I ...

Rhodebar  - Chickens Breeds

About Robusta Lionata ChickensRobusta Lionata


Robusta Lionata chickens are a dual-purpose chicken that was created in 1965 at the Experimental Poultry Station in Rovigo, a city in Northern Italy. The Buff Oprington and the White America contributed to its creation.

Mean production a year: 160-170 (rosy shell, 55-60 g).

Content and photo source: Agraria.org.

Robusta Lionata  - Chickens Breeds

About Robusta Maculata ChickensRobusta Maculata


The selection work completed in 1965 at the Experimental Poultry Station in Rovigo, a city in Northern Italy. The Buff Oprington and the White America contributed to its creation. This breed has become more and more popular in last years, most of all because of its graceful look.

The Robusta Maculata has a good rusticity, excellent for biological breeding and typical productions.

Double-purpose breed (meat and eggs). Medium precocity.

The layers have quite good precocity. The eggs have a shell from rosy to brown.
Mean production: 140-160 (55-60 g).

The meat is delicate and abundant.

The age for the slaughtering is about 18 week. Generally it’s reared as pure breed stock; at ...

Robusta Maculata  - Chickens Breeds

About Romagnola ChickensRomagnola


The breed was common in Romagna and part of Emilia (Ravenna, Forli and Bologna). Fine boned. The comb is single, of medium size, erect in the cock and folded in the hen, red, smooth. The wattles are well developed. The earlobes are oval shaped, small, cream-coloured, sometimes with blue shades, especially in young animals. The shanks can be pure yellow, yellow but spotted with dark, greenish or totally dark, which is the favourite colour. The liveries can be various, as shown by historical pictures, but probably the most common types were: silver, silver buttercup, golden buttercup, white, brown down.
The skin is various as well, but it’s frequently white.

This breed went under selection by Experimental Poultry Stat ...

Romagnola  - Chickens Breeds

About Rosecomb ChickensRosecomb


Rosecomb chickens are true Bantams with a very distinctive comb. They are one of the oldest and most popular bantam breeds in showing, and thus have numerous variations within the breed. An ornamental chicken, they are poor egg layers and not suited for meat production.

The earliest surviving records of Rosecomb chickens are from the 14th century in Britain, though it may have another point of origin. Their popularity as an ornamental breed first took was after King Richard III began to raise them. Their popularity among poultry enthusiasts continued in to the 19th century, and Rosecombs were shown at the first North American poultry exhibition in 1849, as well as being admitted in to the first edition of American Stand ...

Rosecomb  - Chickens Breeds

About Rumpless Araucana ChickensRumpless Araucana


Rumpless Araucana are a unique Araucana chicken that originated in South America. They have tufts of feathers coming out from near their ears, they lay blue to green colored eggs (other blue / green egg layers have been created from crosses with the Araucana / Rumpless Araucana) and, they are rumpless: they do not have a tail. So they can do the chicken dance but they can't shake a tail feather any better than you or I.

Rumpless Araucana  - Chickens Breeds

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About Scots Dumpy ChickensScots Dumpy


Scots Dumpy chickens are from Scotland. The expression "dumpy" means short and stout which described these chickens because they are have a thick-set appearance and extremely short legs. Throughout history they have been known under many names such as: Bakies, Stumpies, Dadlies, Hoodies, or Creepies. They are classed as an endangered breed by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust.  

Their short legs are their most defining characteristic, and it gives them a waddling gait. Adult Scots Dumpys are less than 5 centimetres (2 inches) off the ground and they long in the back and have a lower set tail than most breeds.  

There are no set colors for the Scots Dumpys, but Cuckoo, Black, and White are the most ...

Scots Dumpy  - Chickens Breeds

About Scots Grey ChickensScots Grey


Scots Grey chickens, or just Scotch Greys, are a Scottish grey striped chicken. They have been known in Scotland since the 16th century, and were developed as barnyard fowl for small farms and crofts. Most likely they related to Dorkings and Malays. They are similar to Cuckoo Marans and Barred Plymouth Rocks, but their feathers have a less distinct pattern with a steel-grey base. They are dual-purpose chickens; they lay a good amount of white eggs and provide wholesome meat.    

Males and females can be differentiated based on the color of the adult birds, as hens usually have a noticeably darker hue. Scots Greys are relatively heavy chickens, with hens weighing 7-9 pounds (3.2-4 kilos), and roosters weig ...

Scots Grey  - Chickens Breeds

About Sebright ChickensSebright


Sebrights are bantam chickens that are very poor layers; they lay very few and small eggs. Plus since they are a bantam they are not the source of much meat. Their primary function is as a decorative bird and a show bird. Being so small, it's very easy to fit a large number of them into one hen house, and as they get along well with each other, you can even have a few roosters living together.

The Hens are not very broody with their chicks and males aren't particularly keen on crowing all the time, making them a quieter breed to have around.

The males and females are nearly identical in appearance due to breeding roosters with hen-like feather qualities. Because of their small size, they have a very prominent ...

Sebright  - Chickens Breeds

About Sicilian Buttercup ChickensSicilian Buttercup


Sicilian Buttercup, or just Sicilian, chickens are a very ancient Italian breed. They are very common in Sicily. It’s probably the result of the ancient crossbreeding between Sicilian chickens and chickens coming from North Africa. Nowadays the Siciliana is in the process of recovery.

Good precocity. The cock starts to show sexual instinct at 40 days, the hen starts laying at 5 months. The eggs have white shell.

Fine-boned, with well developed muscles (thighs and breast), round and well shaped: this breed is a good producer of meat in spite of the small size (tasty meat).

Good layer, with good rusticity but not suitable in cold regions.

The Siciliana has a stray nature, but it doesn’t fly ...

Sicilian Buttercup  - Chickens Breeds

About Silkie ChickensSilkie


Silkie (sometimes spelled Silky) chicken have an atypically fluffy plumage, which is said to feel like silk. They have several other unusual qualities, such as black skin and bones, blue earlobes, and five toes on each foot, whereas most chickens only have four. They are often exhibited in poultry shows, and appear in various colors.

Silkies are considered a bantam breed in some countries, but this varies according to region and many breed standards class them officially as large fowl; the bantam Silkie is actually a separate variety most of the time.

Silkies are a friendly breed who are very easy to train to eat out of your hand. Silkie hens are one of the most famous brooders, making them a great choi ...

Silkie  - Chickens Breeds

About Star ChickensStar


Red and Black Stars are a great for any purpose. Hens are excellent egg layers, only slowing down during cold weather. The roosters carry their weight by being fantastic meat birds. Either males or females are easy to use for shows, but what makes them most useful is their function as a sex link breed, used to breed toward a specific quality you're looking for in a later generation.

Stars are friendly and dependable. Being a sex link breed also makes them a little tougher than your average chicken, so they can tolerate quite a lot.

Star chickens are have a small red comb, small red wattles, and red around the eyes. Their tails are modest in stature with only a very small carriage. Red Star hens grow up ...

Star  - Chickens Breeds

About Sultan ChickensSultan


Sultans chickens have a unique look and are mostly used as show birds. They are small chickens and their heads are completely covered in feathers to create the appearance of a globular feather poof atop their head. They don't have wattles, instead they have a sort of three-part feather beard. Their tails are well-spread and carried medium high. And they have blue feet that are completely covered by feathers, though what makes this strange is that they have five toes rather than the standard four. 
 
Sultans are easy going and easy to keep, despite the added maintenance needed due to their extra feathering. Because of their facial feathering, Sultans will need a special drinker, such as a water tower. Because of ...

Sultan  - Chickens Breeds

About Sumatra ChickensSumatra


Sumatras are a strikingly elegant chicken from the Indonesian island of Sumatra, to the north-west of Australia, in the Indian Ocean. They have a stately appearance, are a reasonable layer, a good broody and are non-aggressive. Uniquely Sumatra males have multiple spurs.

Origninally were raised for fighting but today are primarily an ornamental breed kept for their attractive plumage. Often they are pitch black with a green sheen throughout the body and tail. They additionally come in blue and white varieties. They retain a strong flying ability.

Sumatra  - Chickens Breeds

About Sussex ChickensSussex


Sussex chickens produce a high-yield of eggs, even into the winter months, though at a slower pace. They also make for a good show bird as their easy-going temperament makes them ideal for beginning fanciers.  

Sussex chickens are very calm and quite friendly. The hens are excellent mothers, becoming broody when the need arises. Since the Sussex is so calm at all times, even around other Sussex, it is completely manageable to have more than one roosters living together in the same space without conflict.

Sussex chickens are a heavy bird with a broad, deep breast and a rectangular body shape. Their legs are a pale, pinkish white color while their ear-lobes are bright red, same as their medium-sized single ...

Sussex  - Chickens Breeds

About Swedish Flower ChickensSwedish Flower


Swedish Flower Chickens' name is inspired mottling of their feather tips that resemble a field of blooming flowers. Their base coloring varies from black, yellow, red or blue. All of these variations contain the mottling pattern.

Domestic chickens were introduced to Sweden about 2000 years ago, brought to the country by traders, settlers and even Viking marauders. Today it is unknown what or how many varieties of chickens were brought to Sweden's shores in those early days, but that unknown mix of birds propagated over the next two-thousand years, developing into what are now considered the country’s native breeds.

They are a landrace breed. This means that they developed naturally over hundreds of years. As ...

Swedish Flower  - Chickens Breeds

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About Thuringian ChickensThuringian


Thuringian chickens come from the Thuringer forest region in Germany. They were first called Thüringer Barthuhner chickens in 1907 (Barthuhner means 'bearded chicken') and bred as a dual purpose breed for meat and eggs, but now they are mainly seen at poultry shows and for rare breed conservation. Their fluffy beards have earned them the nick name 'Chubby cheeks'.

Thuringians have a distinctive beard, ear muffs, and small comb making them very cold-hardy. They can cope very well with harsh cold winters, but like most chickens, detest the rain. They are active foragers and prefer to free range, however they will tolerate confinement if the run area is large enough. Thuringians are generally a friendly breed, coping well ...

Thuringian  - Chickens Breeds

About Tuffled Ghigi ChickensTuffled Ghigi


The creation of this breed with its varieties is owed to the talent and scientific accuracy of Professor Alessandro Ghigi. During the decade 1920-1930, when he was Director of the Stazione Sperimentale di Pollicoltura in Rovigo, Professor Ghigi studied the hereditary behaviour of certain opposite characters such as the cerebral or cranial hernia in Padua's - which implies the growth of a large crest - in concomitance with the peculiar shape of comb and nostrils. The hereditary behaviour of these features was researched and compared to the transmission of the corresponding characters in common chicken breeds. Professor Ghigi was furthermore interested in the genetic information concerning weight and size in such specimens (Arduin M ...

Tuffled Ghigi  - Chickens Breeds
There are no Chicken breeds that start with the letter U.

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About Valdarnese ChickensValdarnese


Valdarnese chickens are  the heterozygous result of the crossbreeding of many different breeds, among which is conspicuous the Livorno. This hybrid was born in 1950's, appreciate by Prof. Quilici, it never obtained an official standard so that it was never really selected. Since 1999 there are an association ("Agricultori Custodi") where some farms organised a Protection Agency.

The Valdarnese is excellent when reared free in the countryside: not adapted to intensive production. It's slaughtered at 5 months. The eggs have an ivory-coloured shell.

Content and photo source: Agraria.org

Valdarnese  - Chickens Breeds

About Valdarno ChickensValdarno


The standard was done by Cav. Maggi, big breeder of the Valdarno, in 1905. The same year it was made official by the Italian Poultry Society, presided by Marchese Trevisan, during the National Congress in Mantova. Anyway the polemic went on among judges, breeders and experts even after 1905. The publishing house Battiato, in 1914, published the book "Poultry scattered pages", in honour of Teodoro Pascal. A chapter of the book is titled "Minestrone alla Valdarno", where articles and letters about the discussion are collected. While the polemic went on, the breed died out few years later.

Since few years, an enthusiast breeder, Fabrizio Focardi, is doing a big effort to recover the breed.

After long researches, h ...

Valdarno  - Chickens Breeds

About Vorwerk ChickensVorwerk


Vorwerks, sometimes called Golden Lakenvelders, are a dual-purpose chicken from Germany, well suited for both meat and egg production. Vorwerk hens are good layers of cream-colored eggs, and produce approximately 170 a year. They are hardy and adaptable. Also they are alert and active, but not necessarily flighty. 
 
The are buff colored with a black head, neck, and tail. Vorwerks have a single comb, slate grey underfluff, and white earlobes.


Vorwerk  - Chickens Breeds

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About Welsummer ChickensWelsummer


Welsummer chickens are best known for their dark brown, speckled eggs, as well as having red partridge color. This makes them great as layers and equally as great as show birds. Welsummers are an all-around simple and friendly breed. Hens can become broody late in the spring, but otherwise are easy to get along with.  

Welsummers have just the single red comb atop their head with bodies built for egg laying. The males have tails held fairly high while the hens have folded tails that accentuate their laying status. Their eyes have a dark red coloring surrounding them and their legs are yellow, though the color will slowly fade the more eggs they lay until they are eventually a pale white.  

Wels ...

Welsummer  - Chickens Breeds

About White-Faced Black Spanish ChickensWhite-Faced Black Spanish


White-Faced Black Spanish Chickens are good egg layers with a distinctive look. They have a white face on a black body. Their ear-lobes hang very low, and they have a single large comb and no crest. Their plumage is black and very glossy.  

They don't like to be held and they are considered flighty. They're also thought to be rather noisy birds. However, they are easy to maintain and they have no special needs, though they don't particularly enjoy confinement. They aren't great in cold temperatures but thrive in the heat.


White-Faced Black Spanish  - Chickens Breeds

About Wyandotte ChickensWyandotte


Wyandotte chickens are excellent egg layers, plus they are trusting and friendly. They are easy to care for, especially for those that just want a few tame chickens to have around the farm. They look much heavier than they actually are due to bulk feathers.  

They are large chickens with round shaped bodies and very pronounced feathers. Their tails point up a bit and look like an upside-down V when viewed from behind. Their heads are round and short and have bodies that look like they're very low to the ground due to how full their feathers look. They have very strikingly red facial features with a rose comb, red eyes, and red ear-lobes. They have yellow legs.


Wyandotte  - Chickens Breeds
There are no Chicken breeds that start with the letter X.

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About Yamato Gunkei ChickensYamato Gunkei


Yamato Gunkei are a type of Asian Hard Feather chicken. They are largest of the smaller Shamo breeds. They were created in the Hiroshima region of Japan during the 1920's. They arrived in Europe in 1980 via some Belgian breeders and are classified as a Large Fowl in the British Poultry Standards.  

Yamato Gunkei are a tough looking chicken and sometimes considered ugly. They have muscular dinosaur-like legs and feet of the Shamo family. Their breast muscles are so large that they part the feathers to reveal deep red skin underneath. But, its most striking feature is its wrinkled face; wrinkles that begin at a few months of age and that quickly multiply as the bird grows older.  

As strictly an ...

Yamato Gunkei  - Chickens Breeds

About Yokohama ChickensYokohama


Yokohama chickens are show birds with an ornate appearance with a long, flowing tail. Their combs are fairly small, almost walnut-shaped, and are set forward on the head. Their wattles are small as well, as are their dewlops and they have a red coloration on their shoulders.  

Yokohamas tend to be very aggressive toward humans and other chickens alike.  

Their long tail feathers can very easily become dirty or broken, so it's important that you have perches placed fairly high up to avoid feathers laying in the dirt for too long. This also means they function best with clean, dry litter covering under their perches. If you intend to raise a show rooster, keep him separate from other Yoko ...

Yokohama  - Chickens Breeds
There are no Chicken breeds that start with the letter Z.
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