About Italian Polish Chickens
or padovana, chickens are an ancient breed with uncertain origins. According to
Darwin, it came from Poland. It probably arrived in Italy in XIV century,
brought by Giovanni Dondi dell’Orologio, nobleman from Padua, eminent doctor
and astronomer, fascinated by the beauty of those chickens.
The origin is
anyway confused, mingling with the origin of the Polish and the Dutch, which is
tuffled but not bearded. Many quotations of XVI century talk about a
particularly famous and productive chicken in Padua county. The Padovana dal
Gran Ciuffo has been described in the work Ornithologiae by Ulisse Aldovrandi
The decline of
Padovana begun in XIX century. At the beginning of 1900 there still were some
thousands head, but in 1960’s they disappear almost completely. All the
breeders of the Defence of the Padovana are members of the Association “Pro
Avibus Nostris”, Agricultural High Schools “San Benedetto da Norcia” of Padua.
This breed is
ornamental but it can be used also for the production: it’s excellent to give
value to typical products from specific zones or protected areas. It’s a good
layer of eggs of big dimension (50-60 g, white shell).
characteristic is the big crest and the well developed beard. The temper is
very confident. The sexual maturity is achieved at 6-7th month in male and
5-6th month in female. It’s a breed officially recognized in Italy. Light
chicken, elegant, lively and ornamental. Female has an extremely poor
broodiness. The Padovana is generally reared as pure breed and as layer. The
meat is lean, rosy-white, with delicate taste (the skin is thin and white).
photo source: Agraria.org