Pigs are omnivores and are intelligent animals. With around 1 billion individuals alive at any time, the domesticated pig is one of the most numerous large mammals on the planet. The meat of pigs is widely eaten by people across the world.
A typical pig has a large head with a long snout. The snout is used to dig into the soil to find food. Pigs have a tremendous sense of smell. The large round disk of cartilage at the tip of the snout is connected to muscle that gives it extra flexibility and strength for rooting in the ground.
Pigs have four hoofed toes on each trotter (foot), with the two larger central toes. Adult pigs a total of 44 teeth. The rear teeth are adapted for crushing. In the male the teeth form tusks, which grow continuously and are sharpened by constantly being ground against each other.
The Aksai Black Pied is a general purpose pig breed from Kazakhstan with a distinctive black and white pattern.
various strains of American Landrace swine are the descendants of the famous Danish
Landrace hogs that were developed in Denmark in the 1890’s. It resulted from
crossing the Large White hog from England with the native swine. Largely through
the use of the Landrace Denmark became a great bacon-exporting country.
In the early 1930s the United States Department of
Agriculture entered into an agreement with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in
Denmark for the purchase of 24 Danish Landrace. This stock was to be used
The American Yorkshire is a
breed of domestic pig and is the American version of the Yorkshire pig (now
known as the English Large White pig). Yorkshire pigs are white and have erect
ears. The modern Yorkshire is very muscular, with a high proportion of lean
meat and low backfat. They are also very sound and durable animals. Yorkshires
are classified into three types: large, middle, small. Only the large type of
Yorkshire pig has ever gained any prominence in the United States.
The Yorkshire breed was developed
in Yorkshire, E
The Angeln Saddleback is a
large, lop-eared, black pig with a white band around its body which continues
down to its forefeet. They typically weigh 350 kg weight, 92 cm height (boars)
and 300 kg weight, 84 cm height (sows).
The Angeln Saddleback pig,
also known as the Angler Sattelschwein, is a rare breed of domestic pig came
from Angeln, a region of northern Germany.
In 1937 a black-and-white landrace
was crossed with a Wessex-Saddleback and was soon accepted as a new race. In
the 1950's the Ang
Originally from Appalacha, these pigs were commonly adapted and
crossbred with the Guinea Hog over the past 200-300 years to produce an
American original – Guinea Hogs which are one of the smaller breeds of pigs.
They were commonly found on homesteads in the southeastern US.
Arapawa Pigs are a large with noses and tails. They are hairy and tan or sandy in color with black patches. The Arapawa Pig is a feral domestic pig found on Arapawa Island in the Marlborough Sounds of New Zealand, where they have lived since 1839.
The boars weigh 120-180 kg, and the sows 80-100 kg.Although there are suggestions that the animals are descendants of pigs introduced to the area by James Cook in 1773 and 1777, it is more likely that their ancestors were released by whalers in the early 19th cent
The Auckland Island Pig
is a feral breed of domestic pig found on Auckland
Island in New Zealand.
The pig is believed to have inhabited the island since 1807, when
Europeans made several various releases of domestic pigs to provide a source of
food for stranded sailors or visiting whalers. By the end of the 19th
century, the island held a thriving population of mixed origin pigs. In the
late 20th century the largely undisturbed pig population produced a
single distinctive breed know today as the Auckland Isla
Originally from Yorkshire England, the Australian Yorkshires
are derived from the original English breed of domesticated pig. This particular breed is also known as the most common
breed in Australia.
In 2001, a study was conducted at the Institute of
Agricultural Sciences of South Vietnam that
compared to the Australian Yorkshire and the Duroc and to common Vietnamese pigs. It concluded that
the Australian breeds had "significant advantage over Vietnamese breeds in
growth, efficiency and carcass lean and in littering p
Ba Xuyen is a combination of French and Chinese swine from
composites of the Craonnais, or Bo Xu imported around 1920 by French planters,
and Chinese pigs imported around 1900 by Chinese traders. Ba Xuyen is primarily
found in South Vietnam along the Mekong River delta. They have adapted well to
the salty-water zones of that area. The Ba Xuyen has a high backfat thickness
of 42 mm and weighs nearly 100kg by 12 months of age. The Ba Zuyen also has a
short body, medium-sized ears and small legs, with roughly similar proportion
of black and
The Babi Kampung is a domestic pig, other than that we have
not been able to learn anything about them. If you know anything about Babi kampong
pigs please contact us and help us out.
The Bantu is found in southern
Africa, and is derived from early breeds of swine from Europe and Asia. Bantus
are usually brown but can also be black and white with black spots.
pigs (or Pie noir du Pays basque) are from Basque Country, France. They
are piebald, black and pink.
today called the Basque pig is one of several historical breeds or breed types
kept by Basque peoples, and it was consolidated under the name only in the
1920s. Though they were relatively common in the early 20th century, Basque
pigs had nearly disappeared by 1981, with fewer than 100 breeding sows left.
the breed is preserved by small farmers in France and Spain who are dedicated
Bazna is an easy-to-raise pig originally from the Transylvania region of Romania,
and no they are not vampires.
pigs are black with a white belt, medium withers height and body structure, and
typically weighing 125-135kg at one years old. They are mainly bred for their
lard and lean meat firmness.
Bazna dates back to 1872 when they were
derived from crossing the Berkshire and Mangalitsa pig breeds. The offspring
from that cross inherited the best traits from the Mangalitsa with their
This breed is found
throughout China. They are a meat breed, usually black with some white
markings. The breed originated in 1962 from crossingBerkshireand Large Whitebreeds with local breeds including Dingxian, Shenxian and
Belarus Black Pied
This breed is found in the
region surrounding Minsk in Belarus. It is a meat and lard breed which was developed
from Large White,Large Black,Berkshire and Middle White breeds
local breeds in the late 19th century and in the 1920's.
Belgian Landrace is a muscular white breed with heavy drooping ears. They are
known as “the butcher’s pig” one of the most commonly used breeds of pork for
the consumer market. The Belgian Landrace can be described as a very practical
type of breed with good fertility, sound body mechanics, and are good mothers with
plenty of milk for their piglets.
Belgian Landrace has met the demands of producing top quality fresh pork for
the consumer marketplace. The breed has also sparked interest from other
countries with simil
Bengali Brown Shannaj
Other than their name we
have not been able to learn anything about Bengali Brown Shannaj Pigs. If you
are familiar with them, please contact us and share what you know.
Bentheim Black Pied
in the ”Grafschaft Bentheim” area of northern Germany, the Bentheim Black Pied
Pig is also known as the Bunts Bentheimer Schwein, which is a mid-sized breed
that is lop-eared with white with black spots in grey rings. Their best traits
are that they are hardy and long-lived, with high fertility rates with an
average of 9.2 pigs per litter. Boars average 75 cm height and 250 kg weight
and sows average 70cm height, 180 kg weight.
In Bentheim Germany in the beginning of the 20th
century the pig breeds consisted of a l
Berkshire are a small black pig with prick ears, white
socks, white tip to tail and flash on their face.
During the 19th Berkshire pigs became very popular and enjoying
patronage from the aristocracy, including Queen Victoria. Berkshire was soon exported
to the USA. This trend continued throughout that century and by the end of the
19th century, herds were also established in Australia and New Zealand. Up
until the first half of the 20th century, the breed grew in popularity. However,
as with all colored pig breeds, the Berksh
Bisaro pigs commonly found in Portugal and are black
to white/pink in color and have a convex dorsal line. They grow to be up to 95cm in height and weight around .87kg.
The Black Canary Pig is a
black pig from the Canary Islands. Its meat
is considered a premium meat and can be sold as gourmet meet in the USA, Brazil,
India, Europe, and China.
Black Salvonian is a nearly-extinct
Croatian pig bred for meat. At the end of 19th and beginning of the
20th century they were developed by the crossing of Mangulica,
Berkshire, and Poland China pig breeds. Due to the small litters that the sows
have, they are not popular with breeders and they today there are less than 200
in the world.
Breitovo pigs are a general purpose pig breed from Russia.
Landrace pigs were imported into Britain from Sweden in 1949 (4 boars and 8
gilts). In 1950 the British Landrace Pig Society was formed to create a herd book
for the first offspring born and very soon an evaluation scheme was created,
with the first Pig Testing Scheme for daily gain and fat depths, a testing
station was built at Stockton-on-Forest, York. This was one of the first
examples of pig testing in the UK.
Starting in 1953 more
Landrace pigs were imported into Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man, and the
The British Lop Pig is
a descendent of the lop-eared white pigs that has lived in the southwest English
farmyards for centuries.
The breed society was formed in 1920 under the name of the
National Long White Lop- Eared Pig Society. The name was changed to the British
Lop Pig Society in the 1960s.
As with most of the other rare breeds the decision in the
1950s to concentrate pig production on just three breeds (Landrace, Large White,
and the Welsh) was disastrous for the British Lop. Numbers dropped and couple
Saddleback pigs are a breed of domestic pig created in the 20th century from the cross-breeding
of Essex and Wessex Saddleback breeds.
20th century Lord
Western, while travelling in Italy,
saw some Neapolitan pigs and decided that they were just what he needed to improve the
breed of Essex pigs. He bought a pair of Neapolitan boars and crossed them with
Essex sows. One Lord Western’s tenants named Fisher Hobbs of Boxted Lodge then used
the Neapolitan-Essex boars and crossed them with his coars
In the early 1960s, the Bulgarian government wanted to improve the meat yield of
the country's Bulgarian White stock. They did so by importing "3,000
pedigree breeding stock of the Landras and Large White varieties...from the
USSR, Sweden, and Poland." These important pigs were given out to the pig
farmers in the country, along with ten state
farms, in order to crossbreed them with local Bulgarian White stock. The result
today is the Bulgarian White pig.
The origin of the
Black Pig from Calabria is uncertain. There are two different hypotheses at
present: according to one it would come from the Iberian stock, while the other
from the Roman one. Once it used to be present in vast areas of Calabria and
distinguished into several local varieties, like Reggitana, Cosentino,
Orielese, Lagonegrese, Catanzarese, Casalinga and others.
All these animals had the common characteristic of a good unfat meat ideal to
the sausage production, typical of that area.
Blue wild pigs
were reported in North Canterbury, New Zealand, in the early twentieth century.
A 1922 publication noted: "Perhaps the most interesting specimen of the
wild pig in this Dominion is the blue pig found in the Mount Grey and Karetu
districts, North Canterbury. The blue color is produced by a blend of
apparently equal numbers of white and black hairs. So fixed is the type that
blue pigs may be found in a litter with blacks or black and whites. The blue
pig, evidently, is the result of a cross between a black pig and a whit
Cantonese pigs are abreed of pig from the Zhujiang delta
in Guangdong, China. They are used for lard and meat and are generally black
They are also known as Dahuabai, Ta-hua-pai, Kanton,
Chinese, Gongdong Big Spotted, Guangdong Large White Spot, Large Black White,
Macao, or Pearl River Delta pigs.
breed has very ancient origins: in fact it is
frequently represented in frescoes and sculptures of Roman times. It is
certainly the most precocious among Italian breeds, being able to give large
amounts of fat. At the age of one year these pigs may weigh over 150 kg. The
present situation about this breed is crucial, as only few examples still live,
and not all of them are full-blooded. Rustic, excellent at grazing, frugal and
precocious, they have all the right features to be raised in the open. Their
Chato Murciano pigs are domestic pigs from Murcia,
Spain. The Spanish word “chato” means “short-nosed” which is how these
short-nosed pigs from Murcia got their name. They are the only surviving breed
of pig locally and historically produced in Murcia and they are at the risk of extinction.
Chato Murciano pigs are
generally bred for bacon and lean pork and they are well adapted to southern
Spain’s dry and warm climate.
Along with its short
nose, the Chato Murciano pigs are generally black or white
Chester White pigs originated
in Chester County, Pennsylvania. The Chester White was first developed around 1816,
using strains of large, white pigs common to the Northeast U.S. and a white
boar imported from Bedfordshire. Also
some believe that Chinese pigs might have been added as well.
a breed association was officially formed but competing organizations,
sometimes for individual strains, continued to appear into the early 20th
century. Finally in 1930 all breed organizations were consolidated under the
Choctaw Hog are domestic pig raised by Native Americans for meat.
Unfortunately there are only a few hundred left and are considered critically
Choctaw hogs are black, sometimes
with white markings, and grow to about 120 pounds. Choctaw hogs have two
distinctive characteristics: their toes are typically fused forming a single hoof like
that of a mule, and many have
fleshy wattles on each side of their necks.
Choctaw Hog descend
from livestock brought to the Americas by Spaniards in the 16th. The Choc
It is a real breed
with a long history. It originated in the Siena area precisely around
Monteriggioni, Sovicille and Poggibonsi, where until few decades ago about
20.000 were bred, and the same number lived in the provinces nearby. It dates
back to 1300 as it is seen in frescoes representing such pigs with a white belt
like in present day Cinta pigs. These animals are rustic, excellent at grazing,
with good motherly care and breast feeding. Males can reach over kg 150 at the
age of one year and females kg 140. Remarkable fat depo
Pig was a breed of pig indigenous to the
Caribbean nation of Haiti. Creole pigs were well adapted to the rugged
terrain and sparse vegetation of Haiti. The pig’s resilience allowed Haitian
peasants to raise these pigs with little resources. The peasants
characterized their pigs as never getting sick.
For generations, the Haitian
Creole pig had been a poor Haitian family’s most important economic asset.
Rugged foragers that coped well in Haiti’s tropical climate, Creole pigs were
cheap and easy for peasant families t
Cumberland Pigs were a pig from Northern England
that are now extinct. They were
used to produce local delicacies like theCumberland sausage and Cumberlandham. The breed
became extinct in 1960, after changes in farming methods and a demand for less
fatty meat led to it falling out of favor.
Cumberland Pigs were a very old
breed that likely developed over several hundred years inCumberlandandWestmorland, and was closely related to the Old Yorkshire white
pig. They were a heavy-set white pig with pendulous ears, and a tough
Czech Improved White
Czech Improved White Pigs are found throughout the Czech Republic. They were
developed from Large White, Edelschwein, and German Landrace pigs crossed with
local swine. The Slovakian Improved White and Slovakian White Meat were
developed from the Czech Improved White.
They are a basic and widely used white breed with short and erect ears. They have a strong constitution and are adaptable. They
have a medium to large
body. They are known for excellent fertility and milk production. They also fatten above average and average car
Danish Landrace pigs are a medium to large white breed of
pig. They have long bodies, fine hair, long snouts, and heavy drooping ears.
There are two distinct varieties, the white (hvid) and the piebald (sortbroget).
The first registered Landrace
herd was established in 1896 in Denmark, with the first progeny and sibling
tests in 1907. Since then, production and quality testing have become a regular
part of the Danish swine improvement program. Primarily because of this breed,
Denmark had became the worl
The Danish Protest Pig
is a rare breed of domestic pig. They are red but with a broad white vertical
belt and a trace of a white horizontal belt. because of their colors they resembles the Flag
of Denmark. They originated in North Frisia in Southern Schleswig in the
beginning of the 20th century, when Danes living in the area were not allowed
to raise the Danish flag and kept and displayed the Protest Pig instead, making
it a symbol of their cultural identity.
They grow to about 36” high and up to 350kg. They probably wer
Pied Pigs, also known as Pstra dermanska, Dermantsi Black Spotted, Dermanska
chernosharena, Schwarzbuntes Dermanzi, are found in the area surrounding
Lukovit in northern Bulgaria. The Dermantsi Pied is a lard pig. They are either
white with black spots or black with white spots.
Pigs are a
combination of German Landrace and Danish Landrace pigs. They are found in the
southern, eastern, and northern parts of Holland. They are a meaty and
efficient breed of pig.
Dutch Landrace pigs have the same
general look as other Landrace breeds. They are white and they have large
floppy ears. They have been developed to have bigger backs and heavier hams
than found on other types of Landrace pigs. They are also very fertile and are
very good mothers.
The swine pig ranchers of Holland
In 1823, a red boar, whose
parents were probably taken from England, was obtained by Isaac Frink of Milton
in Saratoga, New York. Frink had obtained the boar from a man named Harry
Kelsey. Kelsey owned a famous trotting stallion, named Duroc, and Frink named
his red boar in honor of that horse. That boars progeny continued the Duroc pig
name and many of his offspring inherited his color, quick growth and maturity,
deep body, sturdy ham and shoulder, and quiet disposition. Today that pigs
descendants are called Durocs.
East Balkan Pigs or East Balkan Swine (EBS) are rare
pigs and the only aboriginal domesticated pig breed in Bulgaria. They are
distributed on the western coast of the Black Sea in Bulgaria. In 2009 there were 1,858 East Balkan Pigs;
however the population decreased by 62% by 2006.
Essex pigs, also known as just the Essex, were developed in the
United Kingdom. Essex pigs are popular because they are easy and cheap to keep.
The modern day Essex was developed by breeding local pigs in area
denoted in the Essex area. The original Essex, also known as the Old Essex, was
a small black and white pig. By the nineteenth century, the Old Essex was
improved by crossbreeding with imported pig breeds.
the breed had been changed, they still remained popular until the 19
Bacon pigs, as one would guess, are meat pigs from Estonia and the source of
excellent bacon. They were developed from local landrace pigs crossbred with German,
Danish,and Swedish landraces. They look
similar to the Danish Landrace pigs.
European wild pig – more correctly the European Wild Boar (which term covers
both the boars and sows) – is commonly called the ‘Euro’ in New Zealand. It is
a hardy breed.
domesticated pigs, even Asian varieties, are believed to have evolved from this
spite of the fearsome reputation of the European Wild Boar, domesticated Euros
make good pets.
are born with stripes from nose to tail, fading when about six to nine weeks
old. Colors range from yellow-sandy through to re
Fengjing pigs are from the town of Fengjing in Shanghai, China. They are
mainly found in the districts of Jinshan, Songjiang, and Wujiang. They are classified as a type
of Taihu pig which all occur in the
narrow region of mild sub-tropical climate around the Taihu Lake region.
Fengjing pigs are large black
pigs with large floppy ears. They are distinguished by their very wrinkly faces
and bodies. They are excellent breeders, producing two litters per year of an
average 12 piglets at first parity rising to 17 piglets
Finnish Landrace pigs are
found in abundance in the northern parts of Europe, particularly in Finland, of
course. They have the same origin as the other Landrace pig breeds of Europe.
The Finnish Landrace pig breeds are developed by means of crossings with the
improved indigenous stock that were brought from other countries. They
average 6 to 10 baby piglets in a litter and will have two to three litters per
Finnish Landrace pigs have a white body color and the weighty, drooping
ears, like other landrace pigs; however, Finni
Forest Mountain pigs (or ?eco?op?a?,Lesogornaya) is an extremely rare breed of pig fromArmenia.
They are rare and it is feared that they may become extinct.
Landrace pigs were first
introduced into France around 1930; however, it was not until after World War 2
that extensively imported into France - mainly from Sweden.
Gascon pigs are a rare breed from the mountainous and remote regions of France, and they probably
are the most ancient breed of pig in France.
Despite endangered Gascon pigs have many valuable characteristics. Like most
old-fashioned breeds, they
to becoming very fat, but they
vigorous, hardy, thrifty and tolerant of hot climates. Plus the
sows are prolific and have a good supply of milk for their litters.
German Landrace pigs were developed around 1900 in Lower Saxony, Germany
from carefully selected pigs from the area. During the years of 1948-1958,
there were importations of Danish and Dutch Landrace that were used to further
improve the breed.
German Landrace pigs are very similar to other Landrace pigs; they are white
heavy drooping ears. However, they are not as extreme in size and length as
some of the Landrace strains of other nations.
German Landrace pigs breeding selection efforts have been espec
Gloucestershire Old Spot
Gloucestershire Old Spots Pigs, or
GOS hogs, are from Gloucestershire County, English. They are known for their
docility, intelligence, and prolificacy. Boars reach a mature weight of 600 lbs
(272 kg) and sows 500 lbs (227 kg).
are predominantly white with black spots and there must be at least one spot on
the body to be accepted in the registry. Their maternal skills enable them to
raise large litters of piglets on pasture. Their disposition and self?sufficiency
make them attractive for farmers raising pasture pigs and thos
Grice Pigs -
also known as the Highland, Hebridean or Irish pig - are an extinct pig from Scotland and Ireland.
They became extinct, surviving longest in the Shetland Isles, where they
disappeared in the late nineteenth century.
Accounts from the early 19th century suggest the grice was an aggressive
animal with small tusks, an arched back, and a coat of stiff dark bristles over
a fleece of wool. Most likely ranchers stopped breeding them pigs and
turned to more docile and larger pigs.
Guinea Hogs, also known as
Pineywoods Guinea, Guinea Forest Hog, Acorn Eater, and Yard Pigs, are unique to
the United States. Despite their name, Guinea Hogs are not from the country of
Guinea. The Guinea Hog has a black coat, sturdy body, curly tail and upright
Guinea hogs are very easy hogs to keep. They are good as free-range foragers but they are also
at home in a farmyard. No vaccinations, worming rarely needed no vet
bills unless a hog is physically injured. If farrowing is planned in the spring
or summer, just a dry
pigs have erect ears and are black with a whitish band around the middle,
covering the front legs. They are fourth most common breed of pig in the United
States, and probably the oldest American breed of hogs.
It is believed that Hampshire pigs
come from the Old English Breed, found in northern England and Scotland. Most
likely they were imported to America from Hampshire England between 1827 and 1839.
Hampshire hogs are large, well-muscled,
and rapid growers. They make good mothers and are go
Pigs, or Hereford Hogs, are rare variety of meat pigs that are similar in coloration to
Hereford cattle. They originated in the United States and where developed from Duroc,
Poland China, and perhaps some Chester White, or Hampshire pigs. They were
first developed from 1920 to 1925, and by 1934 the official Hereford registry
They are hardy animals suited
for eitherextensive or intensive production.
They have a docile temperament, and are well suited to use in4-H and similar programs. They are a medium
Pigs are from China and are found in the Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
of Gansu Province. They are well suited to the region where the altitude in
this region is high (2600 m), and the temperature low. The pigs are out on
pasture year round, and are characterized by long, coarse and dense bristles, a
slow growth rate, and low birth rate, with a litter size of 4 to 7.
Pigs are meat pigs from to the Iberian Peninsula. The Iberian pig can probably be
traced back to the Neolithic, when animal domestication started. Currently they
are found in herds clustered in the central and southern part of PortugalandSpain.
The most commonly accepted
theory is that the first pigs were brought to the Iberian Peninsula by thePhoeniciansfrom the Eastern Mediterranean coast
(current dayLebanon), where they
interbred withwild boars. This cross
gave rise to the ancestors of what are today Iberian pigs. T
Italian Landrace Pigs are, as you would expect, an Italian
variation on Landrace pigs. They are large, have very long bodies, lop ears,
and are white.
were originally imported from Denmarkafter the Second World War. They were selectedprincipally for
suitability for the production of Salumi and prosciutto
crudo (dry-cured hamthat is usually
thinly sliced and served uncooked). After theLarge White Italiana, Italian Landrace pigs are the second-most common pig
breed in Italy.
Black Pigs are small
black pigs found on Korean’s largest island, Jeju-do. They have a smooth coat
of hair and erect unfolded, ears and a narrow snout.
Black Pigs have a have a unique taste quite distinct from other breeds of pig
and forms the basis of some well-known local dishes. The pork Is smoked over burning hay allowing the smoke
to penetrate the meat juices resulting in a flavor quite unlike regular pork
and a meat that is somewhat chewier.
quite recently, Jeju Black Pigs were kept i
Jinhua Pigs are from the Zhejiang Province in China. The have a white body, with black at the head
and rump. This leads to the common name of "two-end-black". Their
back and loins are slightly curved. They have thin skin, fine bones, and tender
Jinhua belong to a type of swine found in central China, the
region between the Changjiang and Zhujiang rivers where the climate is
temperate (or warm) and moist. Agriculture in this region is highly developed
and the main crop is paddy rice. The area is rich in feed a
Juliana Pigs, also known as Miniature Painted Pigs, are small colorful
pigs. They are lean, muscular pigs that originating in Europe through selective
breeding of various kinds of pigs. On average the Juliana pig weighs between 30
- 50 pounds and is 13 - 15 inches in height.
Kakhetian Pigs are fromKakheti, the eastern province of Georgia. They are one of the breeds of European
They have a medium-size long head, well
developed moving snout, and short standing ears. They have a flat, narrow, and
short body, convex back, tall and strong legs, indrawn and short stomach,
underdeveloped udder, the number of nipples -10-12.
Kele Pigs are from Southwest
China in the Yunnan-Guizhou mountainous areas, where the altitude is between
1700 to 2400 m, the climate is dry and cold during the winter, and humid in summer,
and characterized by erratic changes in weather. Kele pigs have exceptionally thick
back fat (5.1 to 7.2 cm) most likely because these pigs are bred for extra fat,
since people in mountainous areas have a special demand for fat in their diet.
Kele Pigs generally have a
arched back and loin, long straight snout, narrow chest, wrinkled
Kemerovo Pigs are a general-purpose pig breed from Russia.
native pigs have
black glossy hairs, caved face, a greatly protruded mouth, big eyes, and
straightly upright ears. They also have round shoulder, narrow rear,
wide chest, long hips,
well-balanced short legs and 10-12 teats. They are known for propagating power,
superior meat quality and strong adaptability.
Krskopolje Pigs, also known as Blackbelted pigs, are from
the Carniola and Styria regions of Slovenia.
The back parts of Krskopolje Pigs bodies are
usually black, with a wide white stripe or belt around the body. Their head is
medium-length and flat, with big, hanging ears. They are characterized by an
average fertility, a good appetite, growth ability and large adult weight
(adult animals weighed 250-300 kg).
The KuneKune is
a small breed of domestic pig. KuneKune’s are hairy, with a rotund build and may have wattles (a small piece of hanging flesh, similar to a rooster’s
wattle). Their colors range from black and white, to ginger, cream, gold-tip,
black, brown and tri-colored. They
have laid back, docile, friendly personalities.
The KuneKune was once near
certain extinction and they were only found in New Zealand and kept by the
Maori people. Luckily now they are widely bred and make wonderful and adorable
Lacombe Pigs are a breed of Canadian
pig. They are named after the Lacombe Research Centre in Lacombe, Alberta. They
were the first strain of livestock developed in the Canada.
Lacombe Pigs development began
in 1947 with the crossing of Berkshire sows to Danish Landrace and Chester
White boars. The goal was to produce a pig that would be appropriate for
crossing with the Yorkshire, the dominant breed in Canada at the time. The
Lacombe was eventually unveiled to pork producers in 1957, and quickly grew to
be a popular br
Landrace Pigs are found in
many countries with small variations from country to country; however, they are
all descended from hogs that were developed in Denmark.
The development of Landrace
Pigs began in about 1895. It resulted from crossing Large White hogs from
England with native pigs. . It was largely thanks to the use of Landrace pigs
that Denmark became a great bacon-exporting country.
Landrace Pigs care to
America in 1934 when the U.S. Department of Agriculture received a shipment of Landrace pigs fro
Large Black Hogs, occasionally called the
Devon or Cornwall Black, are a meet pig, originally from Great Britain,
particularly Devon, Cornwall, and Essex.
Large Blacks were developed from local black
pig breeds from the West Country and the East of England. With the founding of
a breed association in 1898 or 1899, variations between the types from the two
areas decreased. The Large Black was popular in the early 1900s and was
exported to many areas of the world. They are good foragers which makes them particularly
useful for exte
The Large White is a
breed of domestic pig originating in Yorkshire. They are one of the most common
pig breeds. Large Whites in the US are referred to as American Yorkshires, or
would expect Large Whites are large and white. They have erect ears and a
They were originally developed
as an outdoor breed, but today they are favored by commercial pig breeders.
First recognized in 1868, the Large White was one of the
original founder breeds of the National
Latvian white pigs are a general purpose pig breed
Curly-Coated Pigs, also known as the Baston
Pigs or simply as the Lincolnshire Curly Coats,
were an old breed of pigs from Lincolnshire,
England. The breed became rare, and was finally extinct by the early to
Lincolnshire Curly-Coated Pigs
were bred to be tough and hardy. They were large and had lop ears. Their most
prominent feature was their long, curly white coat, which helped it to weather
the damp, cold winters of the Lincolnshire fens.
Lincolnshire Curly-Coated Pigs
were one o
Native Pig are a rare middle-sized pig from Lithuania. They can be traced
back to ancient times, and they are one of the oldest pig varieties in Europe.
It is a middle-sized breed.
Native Pigs typically have wattles on the neck, and usually they have large
black spots on their body, but color variations include black-and-white,
ginger, black, and tri-colored. They are friendly and they are not sensitive to
the sun, which makes them good grazers and ideal for small farms.
Lithuanian White Pigs are a standardized, general purpose, pig
developed partially from Lithuanian Native Pigs.
Livny Pigs are a general purpose pig breed from Russia.
de Alcobaça are Portuguese Pigs that were thought to be extinct, but has
started to quickly recover in numbers.
Mangalica Pigs (sometimes
spelled Mangalitsa (USA) or Mangalitza (UK)) is a
Hungarian breed of pig that was developed in the 19th century by cross-breeding
the traditional Hungarian Bakonyi and Szalontai breeds with imported Sumadia
pigs from Serbia.
Mangalitsa pigs have a thick
hairy coat similar to that of a sheep. The only other pig breed noted for
having a long coat is the extinct Lincolnshire Curly Coat of England.
The Mangalitsa is a lardpig, with a high fat content in the meat; they are
Meishan pigs are named
for the Chinese prefecture of Meishan. They are
classified as a type of Taihu pig which are all from the narrow region of mild
sub-tropical climate around the Taihu Lake region in Shanghai.
Meishan pigs are small to medium-sized with
large drooping ears and wrinkled black skin. They are best known for its large
litters of 15-16 piglets. Due to their fecundity, they were introduced into the
United States under a cooperative effort of the USDA, the University of
Illinois, and Iowa State Univers
White Pigs are native to the United Kingdom. They originated in Yorkshire around the same time as the Large White. Their
name comes from the fact that they are between the size of the Large White and
the now-extinct Small White.
Middle White Pigs were fully
recognized as a breed in 1884. The breed is known as a pork producer (rather than bacon or lard type
pigs), and are best known for having sharply upturned snub noses. They are docile
and often kept outdoors in grazing situations. Though their numbers have
pigs, or Ming, Min, or Da Min, pigs come from far northern China. Minzhu means
can be found in the Middle Temperate Belt, to the north of the Huaihe River
Basin and the Qinling Mountains. The cold and dry climate of this region makes
the Minzhu very tolerant to cold temperatures and harsh feeding conditions.
They are also known as the Ming, Min, or Da Min. Minzhu is said to mean
Minzhu pigs are small pigs with very long black hair. This
hair has coarse, long bristles and a dense woo
Mong Cai Pigs are one of the most common breeds of Pigs in
northern Vietnam, particularly in the provinces of North Mountain area, the Red
River delta, and the northern part of the Central Coastline.
Mong Cai Pigs are small to medium sized. Their heads are
black with small and upright ears. Black patches are also found other places on
their body with a white band running from one side of their abdomen over the
shoulder to other side of the abdomen, making a black saddle over the middle of
their concave back.
Romagnola Pigs are from Emilia-Romagna, in
In the early 20th century there
were several similar but distinct regional sub-types of Romagnolo pigs,
including the Forlivese from the area o Forli, the Faentina from the area of Faenza and the Riminese or Mora Riminese from the
area of Rimini. From the beginning of the century all of these types began to
be crossed with British Yorkshire pigs, which were first imported to the area
in 1886. First-generation crosses preserved the some of the meat qualit
Moara Pigs, also known as Estrela, Estrelense, Mouro, and
Pereira Pigs, are from Duroc, Canastra and Canastrao in southern Brazil. They
are usually blue roan, but occasionally red roan.
Moura Pigs are considered tough
and strong. Moura Pigs adapts easily to changes in the environment. Though
stubborn, Moura Pigs are manageable and survives on little food, plus they are
disease resistant. All of this makes them well suited to the small households south
Pigs, also known as the Rhodesian Indigenous or Zimbabwe Indigenous
pigs, are primarily found in Zimbabwe,
but they also are found in Mozambique and Zambia.
pigs are black, hardy in the tropics, resistant to disease and poor nutrition,
and require little water (6 liters per week). They fall into two broad classes.
One is short and fat, with a short snout resembling that of the Chinese Lard
pig. The other resembles the Windsnyer (Wind cutter) pigs, with long snout and
Mulefoot pigs are a rare and hardy American
swine breed. They are typically black and on rare occasions they have white
markings. They generally reach 400 to 600 pounds (180 to 270 kg), with
males averaging 550 pounds (250 kg) and females 450 pounds (200 kg).
Mulefoot pigs thrives when raised on pastures (as
opposed to in confined feed lots) and they retained the ability to forage for
food. The sows are known as good mothers, having litters that average 5 to 6
The most distinctive feature of t
Murom Pigs are a meat and
lard breed of hogs developed in 1957 in Murom Raion, Vladimir Oblast by
selection of a domestic breed.
Murom Pigs are large, sturdy,
and well built. Mature boars weigh 250–280 kg; sows weigh 200–220 kg. A litter
consists of ten or 11 shoats; the sow’s milk production is 60–70 kg. When
fattened for meat, a pig at six or seven months of age will weigh 90–100 kg and
produce high-quality bacon on the basis of 4 - 4.5 feed units per kg of weight
Murom Pigs are used for
Pigs are a lard-type pig breed fromUkraine.
Neijiang Pigs are large pigs raised in Southwest China in
the Sichuan Basin in China, where the climate is mild, agriculture is well
developed, and the area is rich in feed.
Nero delle Madonie
This breed is
also called Nebrodi or Madonie black swine. The presence in Sicily of black swine is
testified by the references of ancient writers, and verified in the
Greek-Carthage period (VII-VI cent. B.C.). It is rustic, almost wild, always
grazing in the woods, as fossil remains testify.
Today only some
limited examples of this breed are reared wild in Madonie and Nebrodi
Precocious and long-lived breed it is characterized by a peculiar fertility and
a great number of weaned piglets. This breed is
Nero di Parma
breeding historically represents a deep-rooted documented activity since the
end of 1400. At that time black coated pigs were particularly appreciated as
they reached a considerable weight (190-240 kg). From the second half of the
nineteenth century onwards, black pigs were gradually replaced by white stock
from northern Europe, as they were more productive and profitable. But since
the half of the 90s a recovery plan of the black pig breed from Parma started,
so that these animals have come to enrich the population ar
Ningxiang Pigs are lard pigs
from the Hunan Province of China in the Central Subtropic belt. They are
normally housed and hand-fed year round. The hair coat color pattern has been
described as "black clouds overhanging snows with a silver ring around the
neck"; the back is slightly concave, and the belly is pouched and
pendulous. The back fat is 4 cm thick; the average litter size is 11.5 and
there are 7 pairs of teats.
North Caucasian Pigs are a general purpose pig breed from Russia and
North Siberian Pigs are a medium sized general purpose pig breed from
Russia. They were developed in Novosibirsk Oblast in Russia in the 1940s. They
were developed by crossing the short-eared Siberian pigs with Large White boars;
the North Siberian was bred for a dense bristle covering and undercoat to
increase hardiness to the harsh climate of northern Siberia. Adult males
typically reach 312kg in size.
The North Siberian is a white breed, and multicolored specimens rejected
during the breeding program were used in the developme
Norwegian Landrace Pigs are
the leading breed of swine in Norway. They are white and have a heavy drooped
Since swine are not as
numerous in Norway as in most countries that have a registered strain, the
number registered each year is limited. Norwegian Landrace, as well as most of
the swine in Norway, are raised in the southern part of the country. Most are
found in the area of Hamar.
Norwegian Landrace Pigs originated
from importations of Landrace from other countries. There was special selection
to give t
Ossabaw Island hog, or Ossabaw Island pigs, is a breed of pig derived
from a population of feral pigs on Ossabaw Island, Georgia, United States. The
original Ossabaw hogs are descended from swine released on the island in the
16th century by Spanish explorers. A breeding population has been established
on American farms off the island, but they remain a critically endangered
variety of pig.
Oxford Sandy and Black
Oxford Sandy and Black Pigs originated in Oxfordshire, UK. Named for its color, which is a base of sandy
brown with black patches, the breed is also sometimes called the "Plum
Pudding" or "Oxford Forest pig” Related to the old Berkshire and Tamworth
breeds, they are one of the oldest pigs native to Britain.
Oxford Sandy and
Black are a hardy, docile pig suited to being reared outdoors, where its color
protects it from sunburn (which pink pigs tend to suffer from). The breed has
twice neared extinction, but has recove
has four endemic species of wild pigs. This makes the Philippines unique in
having arguably the largest number of endemic wild pigs Two separate
populations of unstudied wild pig species have been reported on the islands of Tawi-Tawi
(near Sabah, Malaysia), and Tablas (in the central Philippines).
Unlike its Southeast
Asian neighbors, the Philippines does not have a native population of the
Piétrain Pigs are from Piétrain, France - a small village of the Walloon municipality of Jodoigne.
They became popular in the 1950s during the difficult period of the swine
market in 1950-51. Piétrain swine were imported into Germany in 1960-61. The
main breeding areas in that country are Schleswig-Holstein, Nordrhein-Westfalen,
and Baden-Württemberg. They are commonly used in crossbreeding in Germany to
improve the quality of pork produced.
The breed was
improved by researchers at the Université de Liège in 2004.
Chinapigs are meet pig from the Miami Valley, Butler and Warren
counties, Ohio,United States, in 1816. They are big-framed,
long-bodied, lean, muscular pigs and they lead in U.S. pork production in
pounds of hog per sow per year. Also they are the oldest
American breed of swine.
Poland China pigs are deriving
from many breeds including the Berkshire
and Hampshire. They are typically
black, sometimes with six white patches. They are known for their large size, Big
Bill, the largest hog ever recorded at 2,552&n
According to the
opinion of last century’s reliable authors Pugliese swine differ from other
breeds in height, strength, sobriety and rustic nature.
Thanks to a plan
to the recovery of the breed some rustic pigs (mainly black) were found on the
territory; today they are reared in the wild state.
The skin was
covered by big black bristles, sometimes black with tawny markings, washed away
in the tip, especially on the back and on the neck and they were arranged in a
crew cut along the back. Sometimes, how
There are no Pig breeds that start with the letter Q.
The Red Wattle hog, or Red
Wattle pig, is an American meet pig. They are red and and have distinctive
wattles or tassels.
They typically weigh 600–800
pounds (270–360 kg). Large pigs can reach 1,200 pounds (540 kg), 4
feet (120 cm) in height and 8 feet (240 cm) in length. They normally
have 10 –15 piglets per litter. They grow fast, forage well, and are hardy,
mild-tempered and resistant to disease. They are suitable for extensive management.
is an Italian breed, which comes from Sardinia. It is very alike the wild boar
it often mares with in the underwood or in the scrub where it usually grazes.
In 2006 this breed was officially registered among the Italian autochthonous
small size pig, grown-up weight 70-100 kg. The color of the coat can be black,
grey, tawny, spotted. The bristles are numerous, long and rough, on the dorsal
line they make up a mane.
head is cone-shaped with a straight profile, small ears kept high u
Semirechye pigs are a general
purpose pig breed from Kazakhstan.
Siberian Black Pied
Black Pied Pigs are fromRussia. They were developed from stock rejected in the
process of developing theNorth
Siberian breed. They were a specialized breed for the Novosibirskregion with headcount ranging from 4000 to 12000 since
Small Black, or
Suffolk, Pigs are extinct pigs from the United Kingdom during the
Their origin is uncertain, but mostly
likely there were a cross between Essex pigs and foreign breeds in efforts to improve it.
The Small Black closely resembled the, also now extinct, Small White, except
they were black and had pricked ears and a short upturned snout - which
indicates a contribution from imported Chinese pigs.
Small Black Pigs seems to have had a rather mixed reputation
Small White, or Small Yorkshire, Pigs were a breed of pig originating
in the United Kingdom. They were common during the nineteenth century. However,
they are now extinct, but its characteristics were used in producing the Middle
White and other swine breeds.
Swabian-Hall Pigs originating
from Schwäbisch Hall in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. They are a large pig, white
in the center with a black head and rear and narrow grey bands at the transition
from white to black skin. They have large litters averaging more than nine
They are the result of King Wilhelm going to China and obtaining
Meishan Swine and then crossbreeding them with Russian Wild Boar that was
indigenous to the country of Germany. He did this because the indigenous pork
was too lean and too dry, much
Swedish Landrace Pigs
are the leading breed of pig in Sweden. They have heavy drooping ears and a
white coat. The Swedish strain of the Landrace pig originated from importations
from neighboring countries, particularly Denmark.
Taihu Pigs are from the
narrow region of mild sub-tropical climate around the Taihu Lake region in the
lower Yangtze River Valley of China. They are large, black, and have a heavily
wrinkled face. They have a large head with a broad forehead and large folded
Taihu strains have a high
rate of reproduction with litter sizes ranging up to twenty, but averaging
fourteen live piglets. This characteristic, as well as their resistance to
disease, has resulted in interest in the pigs for research into breeding and
Tamworth Pigs or Irish Grazers are ginger to
red colored meet
pigs from Tamworth, UK and Irish pigs. They
are among the oldest of pig breeds, but as with many older breeds of livestock,
they are not well suited to modern production methods. There are fewer than 300
registered breeding females remain and are listed as threatened.
Thuoc Nhieu Pigs originated from crossbreeding between the Bo Xu and
Yorkshire Pigs between 1930 and 1957. They are white with piebald bristles.
They are dominant in sweet-water zones of the Mekong River delta in the
southern part of Vietnam. Thuoc Nhieu Pigs prolificacy is average, at 8 -10
piglets born alive per litter. They are well known for their good mothering
ability. The live weight of 100 kg can be reach at 10 months of age.
Tibetan Pigs, from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, are especially
adapted to the high, cold climate and to being on pasture all year round. Their
meat has a marble appearance and meat with a special flavor.
Tibetan Pigs are not very heavy (about 35 kg in mature
animals.). They are known to be very alert -often running and jumping, with
quick responses for guarding against attack from other animals. They have a narrow head and a long straight
snout, to facilitate searching for feeds under the ground.
Tokyo-X Pigs are a new Japanese hybrid premium-quality pig breed. They were well known for it’s marbled meat, seldom seen in
The Tokyo-X breeding effort was begun in 1990 by the Tokyo Metropolitan
Livestock Experiment Station, combining bloodlines from the Duroc (USA), Berkshire
(UK), and Beijing Black (China) breeds. Five generations of breeding and
selection ended in 1997 when the breed went to market.
Tokyo-X Pig meat was featured on the Japanese television program Iron
Chef, where the cooks had to use it as an
Tsivilsk Pigs are a pig breed from Tsivilsk Russia. Tsivilsk is a town in
Chuvash Republic, Russia.
Turopolje pigs are from
Turopolje, Croatia. They are distinctive-looking swine, with black spots on their
white or grey skin and drooping ears. They are very rare, and are likely
They are one of
the older breeds of European pigs, though they may have had infusions of Berkshire
or other bloodlines in the 19th century.
Although Turopolje pigs arre relatively small
and not fast growing, they are known for their hardiness under free range
conditions. They were once one of the most widesp
Vietnamese Potbelly Pigs are considerably smaller than standard American
or European farm pigs, they weigh 43 to 136 kg (100 to 300 lb). Boars become
fertile at six months of age, long before they are completely physically
mature. Pot-bellied pigs are considered fully grown by six years of age, when
the epiphyseal plates in the long bones of the legs finally close.
pot-bellied pigs are the same species as ordinary farmyard pigs and wild boars,
they are capable of interbreeding. Most pot-bellied pigs have been
Welsh Pigs are large
white pigs from Wales. They are known for their hardiness in extensive farming.
They have a long, pear-shaped body.
Welsh Pigs were first seen in the 1870s, and is the
third most common sire in the U.K, after the Large White and British Landrace. Welsh
pigs are not exported to many countries around the world despite the fact that
they can produce excellent bacon.
Wessex Saddleback Pigs,
or Wessex Pig, are from the West
Country of England, (Wessex), particularly in Wiltshire and the New Forest area
of Hampshire. They are black, with white forequarters.
In Britain Wessex
Saddlebacks were bred with Essex pigs to form the British Saddleback,
and as a result Wessex Saddleback are currently
extinct as a separate breed in Britain. However, the Wessex Saddleback survives
in Australia and New Zealand.
West French White
West French White Pigs, also
known as the white pig of the West was developed in 1958 from the fusion
of local types with pigs from Normandy, Craonnaise, and Flamandes.
West French White Pigs
have a good size of up to 430kgs for adults and standing 1metre high at the
shoulder. Sows have fewer piglets, than other breed, but of excellent weight:
around 8 piglets of 2kg at birth, and 7kgs by three weeks of age. Plus their
meat is delicious and highly sought after for cooked meats by the charcuterie
Windsnyer Pigs are from
Wuzhishan Pigs are small pigs raised only in the isolated tropical
mountainous region of the Hainan province of China. Very few people in this
region raise this breed for production purposes because of the fast
introduction of exotic species. And Wuzhishan Pigs are not used as a market
supply animal, but only by local farmers for self-consumption. Together this is
leading to Wuzhishan Pigs becoming rare.
Wuzhishan pigs are black, with a white abdomen and inner leg
area. They have long legs, long and tipped snout, leve
There are no Pig breeds that start with the letter X.
Yanan Pigs are from the western Sichuan Basin hilly region, in
China, generally at an elevation 800 m 400 a mild climate, abundant rainfall in
Yanan pigs have black coats and large long bodies. Their
hindquarters are slightly tilted, their bellies are big but not drooping.
Yorkshire pigs are one of
the most common pig breed in North America. They are white and have upright
ears. Black spots are not permitted. While the Yorkshire breed comes in three
distinct sizes -- small, medium and large -- only the latter is traditionally
found in the American pork industry. They are an extremely muscular pig and the
typical Yorkshire carcass contains a great deal of lean meat, with little fat
on the back.
The Yorkshire breed was
in 1761. In 1830, the first Yorkshires were im
There are no Pig breeds that start with the letter Z.