American Landrace Pigs
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About American Landrace PigsAbout American Landrace Pigs

Thernvarious strains of American Landrace swine are the descendants of the famous DanishrnLandrace hogs that were developed in Denmark in the 1890's. It resulted fromrncrossing the Large White hog from England with the native swine. Largely throughrnthe use of the Landrace Denmark became a great bacon-exporting country.

rnrnIn the early 1930s the United States Department ofrnAgriculture entered into an agreement with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs inrnDenmark for the purchase of 24 Danish Landrace. This stock was to be used forrnswine research studies with the stipulation that this breed would not bernpropagated as a pure breed for commercial use. The foundation stock of the American Landracernwere those hogs that were bred pure or that carried a small infusionrn(one-sixteenth to one-sixty-fourth) of Poland China blood. Thirty eight head ofrnboars and gilts were imported from Norway that carried Norwegian, Danish, and SwedishrnLandrace blood. Their blood was blended into the American Landrace and helped giverna broader genetic base to the breed.

rnrnFor 15 years the Landrace were used in numerousrncomparisons with American breeds. As a result of this work, four(4) new breeds werernregistered by the Inbred Livestock Registry Association.

rnrnIn May of 1949, the USDA petitioned the Ministry ofrnForeign Affairs of Denmark to release its restrictions on the propagation ofrnpurebred Landrace in the United States. This request was granted, and thernAmerican Landrace Association was formed in 1950 to register and promote thernsale of purebred breeding stock.

rnrnThernAmerican Landrace has a long body and sixteen or seventeen pairs of ribs. Theyrnhave a less-pronounced arch of back than most breeds of swine, sometimes almostrnflat. American Landrace pigs have a long and narrow head with a clean jowl. Theirrnears are large and heavy and are carried close to their face. They have anrnadmirable meatiness about them on foot and particularly on the rail. Theirrnrumps are long and comparatively level and their hams are plump but trim. Theirrnsides are long, of uniform depth, and well let down in the flank.

rnrnAmerican Landrace pigs must be white and dark skin spots arernconsidered undesirable. A few freckles on their skin is allowed but black hairsrnare not. Black Spotted pigs are not eligible for registration.

rnrnAmerican Landrace sows are prolific and good mothers, and generally have plenty ofrnmilk; however, studies have shown that they reach their top milk productionrnafter five weeks of lactation which is later than other breeds compared.

rnrnAmerican Landrace, which are noted for theirrnability to farrow, cross well with other breed, and raise largernlitters, are the fifth most recorded breed of swine in the United States. rnrn

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