About Hereford Pigs
Pigs, or Hereford Hogs, are rare variety of meat pigs that are similar in coloration to
Hereford cattle. They originated in the United States and where developed from Duroc,
Poland China, and perhaps some Chester White, or Hampshire pigs. They were
first developed from 1920 to 1925, and by 1934 the official Hereford registry
They are hardy animals suited
for eitherextensive or intensive production.
They have a docile temperament, and are well suited to use in4-H and similar programs. They are a medium
to large swine breed, and they generally weigh 200 to 250 pounds (90 to 110 kg)
at five or six months of age. Mature sows weigh about 600 pounds (270 kg)
and boars about 800 pounds (360 kg).
Hereford Pigs have always been
most popular in the Midwestern United States, especially Illinois, Iowa, and Indiana.
They grew in numbers into the mid-20th century. But by the 1960s most ranchers
stopped raising them because of a shift in preference by commercial pork
operations away from purebred hogs, and towards hybrids. Today only around
2,000 breeding Hereford Pigs remain.