About Hereford Pigs
Hereford Pigs, or
Hereford Hogs, are rare variety of meat pigs that are similar in coloration to
Hereford cattle. They originated in the United States and where developed from
Duroc, Poland China, and perhaps some Chester White, or Hampshire pigs. They
were first developed from 1920 to 1925, and by 1934 the official Hereford
registry was opened.
They are hardy
animals suited for either extensive or intensive production. They have a docile
temperament, and are well suited to use in 4-H and similar programs. They are a
medium to large swine breed, and they generally weigh 200 to 250 pounds (90 to
110 kg) at five or six months of age. Mature sows weigh about 600 pounds
(270 kg) and boars about 800 pounds (360 kg).
have always been most popular in the Midwestern United States, especially
Illinois, Iowa, and Indiana. They grew in numbers into the mid-20th century.
But by the 1960s most ranchers stopped raising them because of a shift in
preference by commercial pork operations away from purebred hogs, and towards
hybrids. Today only around 2,000 breeding Hereford Pigs remain.