About Friesian Red and White Cattle
|Photo source: www.redpiedfriesiancattle.com|
In the 18th century, herds of small black-and-white cattle
were brought into northern Holland and Friesland from northern Jutland. They
were brought to replace cattle that had fallen victim to disease and flooding.
Those cattle were crossed with Dutch cattle and so were developed Friesian
Both black-pied and red-pied Friesian Cattle were maintained
separately until the establishment of the Netherlands herdbook in 1873 and the
Friesland herdbook in 1879. Black-pied cattle were preferred, especially in the
United States, which led to further segregation of red-pied animals. Today only
small number of Red Friesian Cattle exists, in the Netherlands.
During the 1970's Holsteins were imported into the
Netherlands from the United States and were crossbred with black pied Friesian
cattle. The result was larger cattle
with better milk production. Today most Friesians are 25% to 75% Holstein.
Even though Friesian Cattle are mainly dairy cattle, surplus
males are highly regarded for high-quality lean meat. Beef cross heifers have
long been sought after as the ideal suckler dam replacement.
Friesian cattle are generally found in the Netherlands, USA,
and the UK, although semen exports are increasingly popular.