About Limousin Cattle
Limousin is a very old cattle breed that originated anywhere
from 16000 to 13000 years ago as dated by cave drawings in the French Lascaux
Cave. They were developed in the central Marche and Limousin regions of
southern France. The area is relatively isolated and the cattle were allowed to
develop with little to no external influences. Due to its environment, the
Limousin attained excellent hardiness and adaptability.
In the 1700s and 1800s, there were attempts at producing a
larger strain of Limousin cattle. The resulting cattle while being more massive
also required increased amounts of feed. The bigger Limousin were not an
economically sound option so the project was abandoned and breeding programs
were allowed to develop naturally, their aim being higher quality in the medium
One of the key cattle breeding programs belonged to Charles
de Leobary, who through rigorous selection established a herd of cattle that at
its time was the epitome of the Limousin breed. The success of his breedings
led to the Limousin being known from then on as the French "butcher's
The first Limousin Herd Books were written in 1886. Its
entries were chosen with such scrutiny that less than half of all animals
applying for registration were actually accepted. The adoption of a herd book,
prompted creation of Limousin exclusive cattle shows in France.
Limousin Cattle entered North American initially in Canada
in 1968. The first Limousin bull imported into the US was named Kansas Colonel,
in 1971. Previously Limousin genetics were attained using imported semen,
mostly from Canada's Prince Pompadour. The North American Limousin Foundation,
founded in 1968 is presently the largest Limousin association in the world.
Limousin cattle highlight three important traits within
their breed: excellent feed efficiency, adaptability and high carcass yield.
The red or golden colored cattle are good foragers and in feedlots are well
able to convert feed into mass. The carcass of the Limousin yields good cutability
and it is commonly said that they are genetically "trimmed". The meat
is tender and fine fibered because of their low fat levels.
Due to the difficult terrains in which the Limousin
originated, it developed a volatile temperament in order to guarantee its
survival. Limousins have been known to clear high fences with great ease and to
be generally rather unpredictable. In 1998, the North American Limousin
Foundation created a temperament EPD. This EPD rates the docility of the cattle
allowing breeders to select for the calmer animals and cull those who continue
with difficult disposition. Speaking to ranchers and breeders of the cattle, it
is quickly noted that the nature of these cattle is not up to par with their
reputation. The temperament has improved significantly, so much that some have
cattle that can "eat out of their hands". One must take into account
the Limousin is a muscular animal whose sole movements will have a more
significant impression than cattle of smaller mass. While a reputation of being
volatile may precede them, experience with these animals will paint a different
impression. The heavy musculature of the Limousin is a highly heritable trait.
Limousin Cattle Associations