About Canchim Cattle
Canchim cattle are medium-sized beef cattle developed in
Central Brazil by crossing European Charolais cattle with Indu-brazil cattle.
Those Indu-brazil cattle breeds were kept in Brazil where Asian Zebu type
cattle are best suited to the tropical conditions. In the last century, the
Zebu cattle were introduced to Brazil where they were extensively crossbred
with the herds of native cattle. The Zebu type or Indian breed are well known
for their ability to survive in the tropics, adapted quickly to Brazil and soon
populated large areas, considerably improving Brazilian beef cattle breeding.
Compared to the European cattle breeds, the Zebu cattle were lower in growth
rate and meat production and it became clear that the beef cattle required
genetic improvement. But the European cattle breeds could not simply replace
the original cattle as they could not perform well as they do in temperate
climates in Brazil and some factors such as diseases and parasite would affect.
They are white to light beige. They have short and smooth
hair on their coat. They are muscular and similar in conformation to Charolais
cattle. But they have a small hump which obviously retained from their
Zebu/Nelore cattle roots