are a medium-sized goat from theDon river of
theLower Volga territory in Russia. They are used for the production ofwool,goatskin, and milk.
They were discovered in 1933-34 by
an expedition of the All-Union Institute of Sheep and Goat Husbandry that were studying
goats in the former Lower Volga territory.
They have strong constitution,
good conformation and adequate undercoat wool on the body, neck and belly. Their
horns are large and variable in shape.
Don goats are predominantly black,
but they are sometimes white. Don goats have the highest wool production among
all goat breeds. The average wool yield from females is 500 g from bucks it is
1015g. As is known, in all other cashmere breeds and related varieties the
guard hairs are much longer than the wool fibers.
Don goats are also good milkers.
The average yield in a 5-month lactation period is 130-140 liters. The milk is
noted for high fat content - an average of 4.6% (range 3.3-8.2%).
Don goats are very prolific. An average
kidding rate is 145-150 kids per 100 females.
Their goatskin is mainly used for
low-grade footwear. The pelt of Don goats slaughtered in autumn has good fur
quality determined by the structure of the fleece (its density and wool fibers
longer than guard hairs). They can be used as a basic material in the fur
The major enterprise for Don goat breeding is
the collective farm Svetly Put situated in Oktyabr district of Volgograd
region. On 1st January 1984, this farm had 6500 goats which were characterized
by a high classification, uniformity of production type and wool quality. Wool
yield from males is 1160 g, maximum 1600 g; from females 560-630 g, maximum
1500 g. In 1982 the average yield per head was 639 g. The bulk of the herd are
goats with dark grey wool. Fertility is high: up to 140-150 kids per 100
females. In 1982, the average was 114 kids born for each 100 females; 103 of
them survived weaning. In the same year the farm produced 5,000 kg of high