About Garganica GoatsAbout Garganica Goats

Garganica, or Fulva Lucchese, Goats represents the typical goat breed of the Ligurian Tuscan and Emilian Appennines, particularly in the provinces of Lucca (Tuscany) and Garfagnana. They were derived from cross-breeding of local animals with goats imported from western Europe, probably at the same time as the importation of Merino sheep that led to the formation of the Gentile di Puglia sheep breed.

Garganica medium-height goats are very elegant showy coats. Commonly they are brown, grey, or tawny colored. They have long flowing hair, and are found with or without horns. Their heads are rather small and adults have long, coarse black or dark chestnut hair. The kid skins are prized for their curly, raven-black hair.

They are noted for their toughness and are well suited to being raised in a wild state in very difficult habitats.

They are reared for milk or meat on extensive grazing-based breeding. They yield 120 litres of milk in 180 days. The milk is used to make the traditional regional cheeses of the Gargano, including canestrato and cacioricotta del Gargano.

Their meat is used to make muscisca, a traditional food of transhumant pastoralists. Strips of goat's meat are salted, flavored with garlic, and air- or sun-dried.

They are an endangered breed and in 2013 there were only 773.