Cleveland Bay Horses
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About Cleveland Bay HorsesAbout Cleveland Bay Horses



Cleveland Bay horses originated in England during the 17thrncentury, named after its colouring and the Cleveland district of Yorkshire. Theyrnare the oldest established horse breed in England, and the only non-draughtrnhorse developed in Great Britain.

 Cleveland Bay horses are well-muscled, with legs that arernstrong but short in relation to the body. They are always bay in colored,rnalthough a few light hairs in the mane and tail are characteristic of somernbreed lines.

 In the middle ages in the north east of England bay colouredrnhorses were bred for pack work, which was the preferred way of transport of therntravelling salesmen, often referred to as chapmen. So these horses were calledrnChapman horses. In the 17th century breeders crossed the Chapman horses withrnimported Andalusian and Barb stallions to produce a fine coach horse, renownrnfor its stamina and active paces. The main breeding area was in Cleveland Bay.  

With the introduction of motorised vehicles coach horsesrnwere no longer required. A small number of Cleveland Bay horses survived andrnwere crossed with the Thoroughbred to produce a handsome, upstanding,rnheavyweight hunter and excellent carriage horse. The survival of the breed wasrngreatly helped by Queen Elizabeth II who bought a colt named Mulgrave Supremernthat was broken to saddle and harness and made available to breeders ofrnpure-bred and part-bred Cleveland Bay. Prince Philip drove teams of thesernhorses in international four-hand events. This led to new interest in thernbreed. There are approximately 500 Cleveland Bay horses world wide, mainly inrnBritain, North America, Japan, New Zealand, and Australia.

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