Horses have evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed animal into the large, single-toed animal of today. Humans began to domesticate horses around 4000 BC, and their domestication is believed to have been widespread by 3000 BC. Worldwide many products are many from horses, including meat, milk, hide, hair, bone, and pharmaceuticals extracted from the urine of pregnant mares; however, in the US they are predominately used for sport and recreation.
Abaco Barb Horses are from the Great Abaco Island in the Bahamas.
They are believed to be descended from horses from more than a dozen shipwrecks
during the Spanish colonization of the Americas and the Caribbean during the 15th
and 16th centuries.
Some horse breed historians also believe that the Barb horse
breed originated in northern Africa during the 8th century and Abaco
Barbs are often commonly confused with Arabian breeds. Due to their extreme isolation
on the Great Abaco Island, their bloodlines remained relatively pure, making them
an important genetic link as the first Iberian horses to reach the New World. These horses brought genetics that
were present during the Golden Age of Spain
Abstang horses were created by Michele Brown of Utah in 1990
by breeding an unrefined feral mustang with an Arabian thoroughbred. The
Arabian horse then gave birth to what is now known as an Abstang.
Because this Abstang mixes two bloodlines, their
characteristics vary considerably. Especially since Mustang horses vary greatly
in physical appearance. Abstang horses have a straight profile and rounded
croup. They are generally a smaller size horse. On average, they are around 14
hands tall. They come in many different colors.
Abstang horses are durable, sturdy, sure-footed horse. They
have a fearless attitude, are spirited, and are tough. They are fit for
endurance or rough terrain. They are often also used fo
Abtenauer Horses are a rare draft horse from the Abtenau valley, south of Salzburg in Austria.
They are the smallest variant of the Noriker horse. They have short heads and strong
necks with an average height of 15.3 hands. The average
weight of an Abtenauer horse is 1,102 pounds, lighter than most Norikers. The Abtenauer
is commonly black, chestnut, or blue roan colored coat and is a coldblooded horse
breed. It has a well-shaped head and strong legs, but is elegant in stature, has
excellent agility and balance. This breed is especially valuable for work in the
alpine mountain forests.
Abyssinian horses originated in Ethiopia and Eritrea, formerly
known as Abyssinia. They are found today along the coastline of the Red Sea and
in the Sudan. Abyssinian horses were first exported to England in 1861. The Abyssinian
is on average about 13.3 hands high and has a wide variation in color and conformation.
The Abyssinian’s coat is short and rough and special attention must be given to
this breed to keep their coat clean and free of dirt. Because of their unique hair
growth pattern, the Abyssinian can be difficult to brush. Their coat is also unique
in that it has a rosette pattern. Many breeders in England have worked to improve
this unusual pattern. They also have green eyes due to uncommon genes. Despite its
Adaev, or Aedaevskaya, horses are native to the Caspian
Depression of Kazakhstan and originally consisted of two sub-types of Kazakh
horses, Adaev and Dzhab, or Jabe, horses. However, because Adaev horses were
used extensively to improve the Jabe stock, the Adaev breed was nearly
decimated. Due to an increased interest in preserving bloodlines of the breed,
27,000 Adaev horses were gathered by breeders in 1985 to restore their number.
The breeders then worked toward refining the breed by mixing Kazakh blood with
that of Don, Thoroughbred, Alkal-Teke, and Orlov Trotters. As a result, Adaevs
are a much better riding horse today; however, they are not as well suited for the
harsh environments as the Kazakh.
They stand from 13
Aegidienberger Horses are a small riding horse from Aegidienberger, Germany, and were first recognized as a breed in 1994.
Aegidienberger Horses were developed by Walter Feldman in 1994
in response to the need for horses larger than Icelandic Horses but still small
and hardy enough to navigate difficult terrain, plus they need to be well suited
for the warmer climates of central Europe. Feldman created the Aegidienberger breed
primarily by crossing Peruvian Paso and Icelandic horses.
Aegidienberger horses generally stand between 13 and 15 hands
high. Their colors vary considerably and can be bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne,
chesnut, dun, grullo, perlino, roan, and whit
Ainos Ponies are an incredibly rare breed of pony found only
on the western Greek island of Kefalonia in the Gulf of Pátras. Unfortunately,
tourism, poaching, and the lack of grazing land threaten them and their numbers
shrink every year.
Ainos Ponies are descendants of Pindos Ponies and they were
originally used as pack animals or transport in the mountains. Today they live
wild on the slopes of Mount Ainos.
While there have been some attempts to create breeding
programs for Ainos Ponies, there is very little local support.
They are on average height 11.3 - 13 hands tall. They have a
large head, a short thick nexk, steep shoulders, and a compact body. Their legs
Akhal-Teke horses originated from
Turkmenistan and are best known for their intelligence, speed and endurance.
The Akhal-Teke typically stands
between 14.2 and 16 hands (58 and 64 inches, 147 and 163 cm) and there are currently
about 6,600 Akhal-Tekes in the world, found primarily in Turkmenistan and Russia,
with some also located in Europe and North America.
The Akhal-Teke bloodline dates
back thousands of years in Turkmenistan when selectively bred Akhal-Teke were used
for raids and fights for the Russian Empire.
The Akhal-Teke breed has influenced
many other breeds, including several Russian breeds. There has been extensive crossbreeding
with the Thoroughbred to create a fast, long-distance race
Albanian Horses originated in
the 5th century, during the Ottoman Empire. They are a small horse (12-13
hands high) and belong to the Balkan group. Native Albanian horses came from either
the Mountain or Myzeqea plains of Albania. Albanian Horses were originally thought
to have been created by breeding Arabian horses with the local Albanian horses,
which were likely combined with Tarpan, Turkmenian, or Mongolian stock breeds.
Albanaian horses typically have
coats of Bay, Black, Chestnut and Gray. They are high energy horses, and have a
strong endurance. They are agile, sure-footed, disease resistant, and can function
in difficult terrain. In the past these horses were used more for transport and
Altai horses were developed in the Altai Mountains of Central
Asia and are highly adapted to the severe climates in the region. For many centuries,
they were bred for characteristics most needed by the mountain tribesmen and nomads,
including strong cardiovascular, respiratory, muscular, and skeletal systems. They
are best known for strong physical attributes, hearty constitutions, and the ability
to adapt to harsh environments.
On average, the Altai stand 13.2 - 13.3 hands high and their
coat colors range from chestnut, bay, black, gray, and sometimes leopard spotted.
Their coats are somewhat coarse and they have an average length head with fleshy
neck and a long and slightly dipped back. They have shorter, but properly
Alter Real Horses come from Alter
de Chao, a small town in the Alentejo province of Portugal. They were created in
1748 and have a heavy Andalusian influence. They are also derived from the Lusitano
breed, but based on mostly Spanish mares. Alter Real Horses were designed to provide
high-class horses for equestrian activities at the royal court, and in particular
for the royal riding school in Lisbon.
Alter Reals have a small head,
strong shoulders and a short body, an impressive high-stepping action, long pasterns
and strong hocks. They are high energy, intelligent and quick to learn, beautifully
elegant and impressive. They are typically 15-16 hands high and have coats colored
in bay, brown, grey and occasionally chest
Altmärkisches Kaltblut (cold
blood) horses were developed in the 19th century with a foundation stock of
Percheron, Belgian, and Shire horses. The result was a versatile, genial animal
with a good work ethic, gaining them instant recognition. Altmärkische Kaltblut
hosrse thrived until the early 20th century brought war, which took its toll on
many draft breeds of Europe.
Today they are very rare,
with a remaining population of 120 mares and 20 stallions keeping the gene pool
alive. There is an attempt to revive the breed using Belgian stallions that fit
the characteristic performance phenotype.
Altmärkisches Kaltblut horses
come in all solid colors and are 15.2 to 16.1 hands high. They have a striking
Altwurttemberg horses were developed in Germany by the
Wurttemberg Prince House, but without an obligatory breed goal. About thirty
horses from Normandy were used between 1872 -1888, crossing with English
Thoroughbreds, Holsteins, and Oldenburgs.
Eventually the Altwurttemberg horse was established. They
are a strong and beautiful horse breed but unfortunately, they were not greatly
appreciated or needed, so instead the Wurttemberg Sport Horse was developed,
and was highly prized for a time.
Altwurttemberg horses are wamb looded and are found in all
basic colors. They are 155 to 165 cm high.
After 1950 the Altwurttemberg was threatened with
extinction; however by 1988 in
America ''albino'' horses are
actually not true albinos but instead they are what the American Albino Horse
Club (now known as the White Horse Club) calls Dominant White. A Dominant White
can be any horse, Quarter, Arabian, Standardbred, etc., that has a white coat
with pink skin and dark eyes - black, brown, or blue. A true albino would, of
course, have pink eyes, meaning the Dominant White actually carries off-color
genes. Given the White Horse Club''s immaculate records, breeding for this
particular horse has become an almost exact science. Even still, the
qualification of dark eyes requires parents who carry genes for off-color
coats, thereby creating a 5 percent chance that the off-spring will carry some
American Cream Draft
American Cream Draft Horses are
the only draft horse native to the U.S.
They were developed in 1905 in
Iowa during one of the greatest declines in heavy horse use in history. The American
Cream Draft originated in the United States in the state of Iowa in 1905.
American Cream Draft Horses stand
on average 15.2 -16.2 hands high and are a medium-heavy draft horse. They weigh
between 1600-1800 pounds and a large stallion can reach up to 2,000 pounds. They
have well-muscled shoulders, a large body and a calm and quiet demeanor. They are
easy to train, strong, and eager to please people. They have a cream coat, pink
skin and amber colored eyes. American Cream Drafts are primarily used for driving
American Indian Horses (also
known as cow ponies, buffalo horse, mustang, Indian pony, cayuse, or Spanish pony)
are descended from horses brought to the Americas by Spanish conquistadors and colonists.
American Indian Horses proved
to be tough and thrived on the grassy plains of the Americas.
American Indian Horse’s registry
was created in 1961. The organization was started for the purpose of collecting,
recording, and preserving the pedigrees of American Indian Horses.
American Indian Horses generally
range in height from 13 to 16 hands (52 to 64 inches, 132 to 163 cm) and weigh between
700 to 1,000 pounds (320 to 450 kg). They may be any coat color and both pinto and
leopard spotting patterns are common.
American Paint Horses were developed from spotted horses with
Quarter Horse and Thoroughbred bloodlines. This combined both the conformational
characteristics of a western stock horse with a pinto spotting pattern.
Color patterns differentiate the American Paint Horse from other
stock-type breeds. Each horse has a unique combination of white and any one of the
colors of the equine rainbow: black, bay, brown, chestnut, dun, grulla, sorrel,
palomino, gray or roan.
The American Paint Horse Association (APHA) breed registry is
now one of the largest in North America. While American Paint Horse are known for
a colorful coat pattern, the registry has strict bloodline requirements and a distinctive
body type. To be eligible f
American Quarter Horses are one of the oldest recognized breeds
of horses in the United States. The breed originated about the 1660s as a cross
between native horses of Spanish origin used by the earliest colonists and English
horses imported to Virginia from about 1610. By the late 17th century, these horses
were being raced successfully over quarter-mile courses in Rhode Island and Virginia,
and hence received the name Quarter Horses. The Quarter Horse was bred for performance
and had considerable Thoroughbred blood as well as traits of other lines. Important
sires include Janus, an English Thoroughbred imported to Virginia in 1756.
American Quarter Horses are an American breed of horse that excel
American Saddlebred Horses originated from Galloway and
Hobbie horses imported from Britain. These two breeds were crossed to create
the Narragansett Pacer, which was crossed to the Thoroughbred in the 1700s to
produce the elegant “American Horse,” used for both riding and driving. Arabian
and Morgan blood was later added to create the American Saddlebred. The
American Saddlebred is considered the ultimate show horse. Horses are exhibited
in driving, English—most notably saddleseat—and western classes.
American Saddlebred horses averaging 15 to 16 hands (60 to
64 inches, 152 to 163 cm) in height. They are known for their sense of presence
and style, as well as for their spirited, yet gentle, temperamen
Sport ponies have been enjoyed for hundreds of years in
Europe and their stock gradually made it’s way to North America.
Through the years, American’s started their own breeding
programs to further enhance and promote them. In 1981 a North American Sport
Pony Registry was initially founded as a division of the American Warmblood
Registry. However by 1997 the number and quality of the ponies being produced
in America was large enough to warrant their own separate registry.
American Sport Ponies are notable because they look and move
like small horses and do not have physical pony traits. They are a type breed
and their registry will accept a number of bloodlines as long as they meet the
American Spotted Paso
American Spotted Paso horses are the American version of the
Peruvian Peso horse. One of the main goals for American breeders is to combine
the smooth gaits of the Peruvian Paso horse with the colorful coat patterns of
They originated with a pure black Paruvian Paso stallion
named Janchovilla who was bred to pinto mares. Of the resulting foals about 3/4
of them were spotted and all of them carried the Paso gait.
There are two different registries for this breed for
animals with different degrees of Paso blood. However, to register with either
the animal must have one purebred Paruvian Paso and exhibit the four-beat
American Walking Ponies were developed primarily as a show
horse for gaited competition. Although they have three unique gaits, they are
able to compete in seven.
They are essentially a cross between the Tennessee Walking
Horse and the Welsh Pony. As a result of its Welsh pony heritage, they also
make a good light hunter.
American Walking ponies are a relatively large pony-type (14
hands high). They have a a clean, smallish head on a well arched and muscled
neck. Their back is short, their shoulders are slightly sloped, and their hips
are well muscled.
The three gaits unique to the American Walking Pony are the
Pleasure Walk, the Merry Walk, and the canter. Both the Pleasure Walk and the
Merry Walk are f
American Warmblood is more of a "type" than a
"breed" of horse. Like most of the European warmbloods, with the
American Warmblood there is more emphasis on producing quality sport horses,
rather than the preservation of any particular bloodlines. This allows for much
diversity in the bloodlines of American Warmbloods. The American Warmblood has
been influenced by the European warmbloods, the Thoroughbred and the Arabian,
as well as some draft horse breeds.
There are two registries in the United States which
recognize American Warmbloods - the American Warmblood Society and the American
Warmblood Registry, both of which are recognized by the World Breeding Federation
for Sport Horses.
American Warmblood h
Amur Horses are a light horse breed from Siberia of the
early 19th century that is sadly now extinct.
Their bloodlines were a combination of Transbaikal (Buryat) and
Tomsk heritage; they were bred primarily for riding. The Amur was a hardy and
strong breed with a finer conformation than generally found in colder northern
regions. The breed became extinct due to crossing with many of the other
Russian breeds including Orlov Trotters, Don and Budyonny.
They had a short, thick neck, medium length back with a well-rounded
Anadolu Ponies, also
called Transbaikal Ponies, Native Turkish Ponies or just Turks, are the most
common Turkish horse breed. They are known for their speed, endurance, and
Anadolu ponies draw on
the blood of several ancient breeds, including the Arabian and Akhal-Teke, although
Anadolu bloodlines are ancient in their own right.
The Turkish people have always had a need for
this versatile native pony in farm work, as pack animals, and for
transportation. They require little care, making them easy to own almost
anywhere in the country.
They have an average height of 12.1 – 13.3 hands
and are a small horse with great strength and endurance. Their head is small
and can be refined – bo
The modern day Pure Spanish Horse is derived from very ancient
horses whose body shapes are depicted in cave drawings from at least 5000 BC in
both north-eastern and southern regions of Spain. Eventually predominating in the
southern province of Andalucía, they became known as Andalusian horses. However,
the authorities of the Spanish stud book now prefer them to be known as Pura Raza
Española (P.R.E.) or Pure Spanish Horse. There are about 45,000 world-wide.
Andalusian horses are a very beautiful aristocratic horse, with
a lovely arched neck held uprightly on a strong, compact body. The cannons (lower
legs) are short and sturdy. It has a long thick mane and tail, and the predominantly
grey or bay coat has a natural glistenin
Andean horses were developed in the harsh environment of the
Andes Mountains (above 9,000 feet) and display characteristics reminiscent of
Tibetan horses. The great altitude has created an animal with amazing lung
capacity and a thick, dense coat of fur. They are considered the Peruvian
Andean horses, with their strength, great stamina, and
well-developed sense of balance and agility, are capable of climbing up
mountains at medium speeds with ease. In fact, they can carry a 200-pound pack
up steep slopes to 16,000 feet above sea level without becoming overly tired.
They are smaller than most full-size horse breeds: they are
about 12 to 13.2 hands tall (48-53 inches, 122-135 centimeters). Typical of
Andino Ponies comes from the high peaks of the Andes in
Peru. Honed by natural selection in the tough terrain they inhabit, they are a
smart, robust, and surefooted.
are descended from the horses of Spanish Conquistadors. Over the centuries
natural selection has created a smaller, more compact animal well suited to the
local area. They are rarely found outside of Peru.
Andravida (also called the Eleia, Ilia, or Greek) horses are
a rare light draft breed found in the region of Ilia, Greece.
predominantly brown, bay, chestnut, red roan, black and occasionally grey. The
head is rectangular in shape and plain with long ears and a straight profile.
The chest is broad and heavy-set with thick muscles; the back is slightly
dipped. Their temperament is described as willing but strong. They are of
moderate height ranging between 14 to 16 hands (56 to 64 inches, 142 to 163 cm)
high with the average being at around 15 hands (60 inches, 152 cm).
The ancestors of the Andravida horses were said to be used
as cavalry horses by the Athenians in the 4th century BC as
Anglo-Arabian, or Anglo-Arab, horses ara a crossbred between
Thoroughbred (thus, the prefix "Anglo") and Arabian horses. The cross
can be made between a Thoroughbred stallion and an Arabian mare, or vice versa.
It can also be a cross between either an Anglo-Arabian and a Thoroughbred or, alternatively,
an Anglo-Arabian and an Arabian. Another permitted cross is between two Anglo-Arabians.
No matter the cross, a horse must have a minimum 12.5% of Arabian blood to be considered
France is one of the largest producers of Anglo-Arabian horses.
French Anglo-Arabian horses can trace their liniage back to two stallions: the Arabian
stud Massoud and Aslam, a Turkish horse, probably of the now-extinct Tu
or Anglo-Arab Sardinian,
horses originated in Sardinia, Italy.
When the Saracens
dominated the island of Sardinia, Arab stallions had been crossed with Sardinian
mares of smaller size. At the beginning of the 16th century those horse were used
for crosses with Andalucian stallions. In the course of the nineteenth century,
thanks to the introduction of English thoroughbreds (thus, the prefix
Modern day Anglo-Arabo-Sardohorses are quite different from those of the past. Like the French and American
Anglo-Arab horses the Sardian Anglo-Arabs have obtaining excellent results as show jumpers
and as a race horse. They are a saddle horse and light draught animal with a noble
Anglo-Kabarda Horses are russian horsese that were developed
by the cross between Kabarda and Thoroughbred horses in the 1920s and 1930s.
The goal was to produce a horse that was larger and faster than the native
Kabarda, but adapted to the climate of the northern Caucasus region of Russia
and able to maneuver in mountainous terrain.
They have a Kabarda head with Roman nose profile, straight
back, long legs, and well-developed joints.
Anglo-Kabarda Horses may have between 25 percent to 75
percent Thoroughbred blood. They are divided into three different types:
"basic," "oriental" and "massive." Horses
belonging to the basic type are of medium size with a well-shaped head and are
well muscled; those of the orie
Anglo-Karachai horses are a variety of Kabarda horse that
are bred specifically in the Karachai republic, Russia. They tend to be of the
most robust type of Kabardas horse and split off as their own breed during the
1960''s. The introduction of Thoroughbred blood was what created the
They were originated by crossing English, German, and French
Thoroughbreds with local Karachai horses. The breeding unofficially started in
the early 1870''s, but it wasn’t until the mid 20th century before the breed
Anglo-Karachai horses are 15.2 – 16 hands high. They have a
slight ram’s head facial profile. They have a straight line back, well-muscled
loin, a lovely sloped cro
Appaloosa horses are known for their colorful leopard-spotted
coat pattern. They have a wide range of body types, stemming from the influence
of multiple breeds of horses throughout its history. Each horse''s color pattern
is genetically the result of various spotting patterns overlaid on top of one of
several recognized base coat colors.
The Nez Perce people of modern day Oregon and Washington,
US, developed the Appaloosa breed. Appaloosas were once referred to by settlers
as the "Palouse horse", possibly after the Palouse River, which ran through
the heart of Nez Perce country. Gradually, the name evolved into "Appaloosa".
The Nez Perce lost most of their horses after the Nez Perce
Appaloosa Sport Horse
Appaloosa Sport Horses were created in the USA with the
intention of creating a European-style sport horse with appaloosa coloring. They
are strong, willing, tenacious and tough team player
This cross was achieved by crossing Appaloosa coloring with
the athletic qualities of the Trekehners. The result is a beautifully-colored
animal, larger and with finer lines than the original appaloosa.
Their head is erect and attractive. They display
characteristic white sclera and a speckled mouth. Their neck is long and
well-arched. Their shoulder is oblique and withers high. Their back is long
with rounded croup. They have muscular hindquarters with elegant and strong
Appendix Quarter Horse
Appendix Quarter Horses are the first generation cross
between a registered Thoroughbred and an American Quarter Horse. They are
registered as appendix but not initially eligible for a full AQHA registration.
The cross began in Texas and quickly took hold when the
horse racing industry brought Thoroughbred bloodlines into the Quarter Horse
Association. Initially they were met with resistance by board members, but they
relented to the cross with Thoroughbreds that held Quarter Horse type
the years and selective breeding the resulting cross is a larger animal (15 –
17 hands), with more refined features. They are found in black, chestnut, grey,
bay, dun, roan, palomino, and buc
AraAppaloosa horses are a refined version of Appaloosa in many
ways. The main registry for the Appaloosa horses was established in an effort
to protect and develop the Appaloosa. Because of claims of similar ancient
origins, the registry allowed the Appaloosa to be crossed with pureblooded
Arabians. The AraAppaloosa of today is said to be a re-establishment or
preservation of the best examples of the Appaloosa breed found, namely, in
early American Indian tribes.
AraAppaloosa horses are known primarily by their coat; which
needs to be one of the basic Appaloosa color patterns. They are between 14 and
15 hands high and have the same general
conformation of the Arab: refined head, stamina, and elegance.
The Arabian''s conformation and type have been selectively bred
for longer than any other breed of horse.
The Bedouins of the Arabian desert were dependent for survival
on their Arabian horses. While they valued the beauty of their horses, they were
equally adamant that their horses were strong, with deep chests, straight legs,
large joints and good lungs to carry them across large stretches of their desert
homeland. Historical figures like Genghis Khan, Napoleon, Alexander The Great and
George Washington rode Arabians.
The prophet Mohammed, in the seventh century AD, was instrumental
in spreading the Arabian''s influence around the world. He instructed his followers
to look after Arabians and treat them with
Although this cross breed was met with some resistance, some
Haflinger breeders thought that Arabian blood would refine the breed and
increase their athletic ability.
The first three generations were approached with the goal of
creating foals that improved the original breed. The breeders were successful
and the resulting crosses displayed a definite refinement and an increase in
After many years of cross-breeding, the physical
characteristics of the Haflinger breed persist, but have been slightly refined
into a more elegant mount. The result is a small (13.5 – 14.5 hands) riding
horse with rectangular shape and Arabian features.
They are approachable and kind; easy to handle with a
Arabo-Friesian horses are known for their excellent
disposition as well as endurance and toughness. They are willing to please and
work, are obedient, and are known for their excellent movement characteristics.
Arabo-Friesians are a cross between Friesians and Arabians,
and they are a relatively new breed. During the Spanish invasion of the
Netherlands in the 16th and 17th centuries Arabian blood was first introduced
to the Friesian which resulted in a very athletic horse. In the 1960’s breeders
introduced additional Arabian in order to enhance strength and endurance. The
result is a horse with the good looks and behavior of the Friesian with the
robustness of the Arabian.
Arabo-Friesian horses generally
Araboulonnais horses are a relatively new French breed
developed by crossing of Arabians to large, robust Boulonnais horses.
The origin of the Araboulonnais began late in the 20th
century. It was thought that the beauty and pep of Arabians would blend
wonderfully with the gentleness and soundness of the large Boulonnais. The
resulting cross was an animal that was more refined than the Boulonnais but
much larger and heavier than the Arabian. They were created for riding or
trekking and they prove to be energetic, athletic mounts with a tendency to be
resistant to disease.
They average 15.2 – 15.7 hands high. Generally they are
grey. They are gentle, Intelligent, and tough.
Aralusion, also called the Hispano-Arab, horse is a
relatively new breed achieved by crossing the high energy Arabians with the
noble Andalusians in equal parts. These are two of the older and most acclaimed
breeds on the planet, so their cross is a logical one. The resulting animal is
beautiful with high action, notable athletic ability, and fine confirmation.
Aralusians are animated and spirited with the strong Arabian
motion and drive and the presence and determination of Andalusian horses.
Ardahan (also known as Malakin) horses are the only heavy
breed of horse native to Turkey. They are a between Ardennes, Percheron, Shire,
Clydesdale, Orlov horse with native Russian horses. About 150 years ago they
were brought to the eastern parts of Turkey by immigrant Turks from the
Caucasus. When they reached eastern Turkey, the resulting crosses were then
crossed with Anadolu horses.
They have a short muscular neck, stand at around 13-14
hands, and are generally black or gray. They are a willing working horse and
mostly used for draft work or farm animal.
Ardennes, or Ardennais, horses are a multi-talented horse
commonly used in endurance riding, general riding, and work activities. They
are one of the oldest breeds of draft horse, and originate from the Ardennes
area in Belgium, Luxembourg, and France.
Their history reaches back to Ancient Rome, and throughout
the years blood from several other breeds has been added to the Ardennes,
although only the Belgian breed had any significant impact. They are a direct
descendant of the pre-historic horses whose remains were found at Solutre;
primitive features such as the skeletal formation of the head, with its
distinctive, squared-off nose, are still evident in the modern breed. Ardennais
horses were known to both Julius Caesa
Arenberg-Nordkirchen are small riding horses from north-west
Germany. They can be black, chestnut, bay, or gray, and are used for
sport/hobby horses (general riding and jumping).
Germany does not have a long tradition of small horse
breeding; the only native small horse is the Dülmener. From the early twentieth
century ponies and small horses were imported, mostly from Great Britain, and
some private individuals started breeding from them. Arenberg-Nordkirchen
horses were started in 1923 by the then Duke of Arenberg as a semi-feral herd
on his estates in Nordkirchen, near Münster in Westphalia. They were based on
Dülmener horses, from which he intended to create a small and elegant riding
horse. His stock was small, wit
Argentine Anglo horses are from Argentina. They are well
known for their use in equestrian sports. They are lightweight horses that
exhibit a refined appearance and excellent performance capabilities. They are
also energetic, intelligent, and obedient.
In the 1960s Argentine Anglo horses were developed by
crossing English Thoroughbred stallions with Argentine Criollo mares to produce
the lightweight polo horses with great fitness and agility.
Argentine Anglos are medium sized, have expressive heads, long
necks, inclined shoulders, an long and elastic back with a muscular croup;
solid legs, strong bones and joints; plus small, hard hooves. They are
generally gray, bay, or sorrel and are around 15 hands tall.
Although the Argentine Polo Ponies are not considered a
breed, Argentina is recognized the world over for their fine polo horses, a
cross between Thoroughbred and Criollo blood.
They are bred to be quick, strong, agile, and to handle the
rigorous life of a polo horse with ease. Combining the speed and grace of the
Thoroughbred with the tireless work ethic of the Criollo creates horses that
look forward to and thrives on hard work.
Association of Poly Pony Breeders was founded in 1984 in an attempt to preserve
bloodlines. Breeding is controlled closely by Argentine breeders and only
proven horses are bred to retain their good qualities. They are bred to retain
their type rather than to
Argentinian Modeponies (also known as Bergmann Ponies and
Argentinian Fashion Ponies) have the same foundation as Argentinian Falabella
horses and are bred for beauty and intelligence. However they are more refined
and larger than Falabellas. While most are found in Argentina, small
populations can be found in the Netherlands and France.
On average they are 6.8 – 7.8 hands tall. They are tough and
durable. Their head is large and straight. They come in all colors. They tend
to be calm and friendly and are mostly used as Pit ponies or Pets.
Ariègeois Ponies, also known as Merens ponies, are a
pure-black rare mountain pony native to the Pyrenees and Ariègeois mountains of
Northern Spain and Southern France. Thought to be of prehistoric ancestory,
these ponies were originally domesticated for use in mines and hauling timber.
These handy ponies were also indispensable to the mountain farmers of the area
and valued as hardy war mounts.
They are robust, kind, and easy to care for. Physically they
are very similar to Dales ponies or Friesian horses. It is believed that during
the Muslim invasion local stock was also enhanced by Arabian blood.
Ariègeois breeders generally raised their animals by
allowing them to graze freely in herds. Foals are born in the spri
Arravani horses are from Greece and are in danger of
extinction; there are only about 200-300 of them left in the world today.
Arravani horses are influenced by Egyptian Arabians, Medern,
Greek Thessaliern, Roman horses, and Turkish Arabian bloodlines. They are
personable and comfortable to ride.
For thousands of years they were used as agriculture workers
by local farmers and for transporting loads over stony mountain paths. The
introduction of motorized vehicles saw a decline in their use that much of the
stock was sold off as meat to Italian suppliers.
Asiatic Wild Horse
Asiatic Wild (also known as Przewaslki’s, Takhi, and
Mongolian wild) horsesare a rare and
endangered subspecies of wild horse native to the Steppes of central Asia. Most
wild horses, such as Mustangs or Australian brumbies, are descended from
domesticated animals; however, Asiatic Wild horses have never been domesticated
and are the only known truly wild horse in the world.
Organizations from around the world have successfully bred
and re-introduced these horses into their natural Mongolian habitat as well as
the Chernobyl area. The total number by the early 1990’s was over 1,500.
Asiatic Wild horses are a stockier build than the
domesticated mongolian horses but with shorter legs and a heavy built n
Asils are Arabian horses from the Asil region in Khuzestan.
Rock carvings of horses have been found in the area that date back 5,000 years.
Like many different types of Arabians, strains were developed by different
families and breeders. They are raised for racing, transportation, and
Asil horses have an average height of about 14.3 hands and
are built for speed and stamina; they are quick and efficient. Their traditional
colors are chestnut, gray, or bay. They are Spirited, intelligent, and bold.
Astrikan (also known as Kalmykskaya, Kalmyk, or Kustenair)
horses are members of the Mongolian equine group.They are bred in the territory
along the Volga and Ural rivers and are in danger of becoming extinct. They
were brought by the Kalmyk people came to Russia from Dzungaria in the 17th
century. They were described as plain, medium-sized horses that are very tough
and possess speedy gaits. They look similar to Kirgiz horses, but tend to be
coarser with longer legs.
Selective breeding of these animals ended around 1943 and
many crosses have modified the bloodlines considerably. In 1986 the local
University of Cattle Breeding attempted to determine their numbers and located
an isolated heard in the eastern reg
Asturcón, also known as Asturian, Horses are a pony from the
Asturias region of northern Spain. They are an ancient breed and their ancestry
is not known, although most likely they are a cross between Sorraia, Garrano,
and ancient Celtic ponies. They are usually brown or black, with minimal white
markings. They stand between 11.2 and 12.2 hands (46 and 50 inches, 117 and 127
Asturcón ponies have a naturally ambling gait that is
comfortable for the rider. As a result, a large portion of their population was
taken to Ireland to produce the Irish Hobby.
These ponies are hardy and resourceful, and able to survive
in the harshest areas. They are obedient and easily domesticated, and are used
for riding, drivin
Augeron Horses were developed in Pays d’Auge ( an area in
Normandy France). They are also known Caen or Virois horses and they were
developed from the Percheron breed sometime around the 19th century.
In 1904, Augeron horses were sold in Argences and Bayeux of
Lower Normandy. People bought them for their homogeneity, beauty and high
The Société hippique du trait augeron, or Augeron Horse
Society, was formed in 1913 by breeders in Auge to record these horses in a
breed registry. The society wanted to preserve the breed and make it distinct
from its ancestors, the Percheron.
They are light gray; tall, strong, well-built; and
energetic. They are 158–170 cm (15.2–16.3 hands) tall.
Australian Draught Horses was developed from the
crossbreeding of four recognized pure draught horse breeds which were in
Australia since the colonial days: Clydesdale, Percheron, Shire, Suffolk Punch.
The result is a hardy, strong draught horse with a good temperament.
The roots of the Australian Draught Horse date back to the
c.1854 importation of stallions and mares of various English and Flemish cart
breeds to Australia. Van Diemen''s Land (now Tasmania) was at the forefront of
breeding cart and farm horses with the part played by the Van Diemen’s Land
Company. This company also imported Shire Horses which were later imported to
Western Australia and South Australia in the late 1830s.
Bullocks did most of the heavy
Ponies were first introduced to Australia in 1803. By 1920,
a distinct type had emerged there. A stud book was opened nine years later
detailing the standards of conformation for the pony. The basic stock for the
Australian Pony is the Welsh Mountain Pony of Type A. Shetlands were introduced
to give solid constitution and strength. Thoroughbred, Arab, and Hackney were
Australian Ponies have a show quality head: slightly concave
with alert ears and dark eyes. Their neck is nicely rounded, their shoulders
slope back and their hindquarters are well-rounded and proportioned. Their tail
is set high and gaily carried, their leg bones are flat showing strength. They stand
between 12 and 14 hands hig
The Ancestors of the Australian Stock Horse were imported in
small numbers at the end of the 18th century from South Africa and are believed
to be of Arabian and Barb descent. Eventually more horses where imported from
England; mainly Thoroughbred and Arabian horses that were tough enough for the
rough Australian conditions.
Thoroughbreds became very popular at the beginning of the
19th century for horse racing. The horses that developed had a good
temperament, were tough and reliable, and able to work under saddle and in
harness. They were used to clear timber, plough the land and herd sheep and
cattle. These horses were known as Walers (named after New South Wales). Walers
were sought after by the cavalry due to their
Austrian Warmblood horses are, unsurprisingly, warmblooded
horses from Austria. They are the result of combining of multiple excellent
The Austro-Hungarian Empire was known for its horse breeding
programs which were based on a number of imperial stud farms. The role of these
farms was to produce farm horses for the citizens, riding and carriage horses
for the nobility, cavalry mounts and artillery horses for the military.
Although the former empire is also famed for producing the
Kladruber and Lipizzaner, prominent among these stud farms were those located
at Mezohegyes and Bábolna. The former was founded in 1785, the latter was
purchased by the government in 1789, and both are
Autre Que Pur Sang
Autre Que Pur Sang horse (AQPS) loosely translates to
‘other-than pure blood’ and is a classification used for race horses in France
that are not of pure English Thoroughbred lineage. They must have 75% English
Thoroughbred and less than 5% Arabian blood to participate. The rest of the
bloodlines can be a mix of regional French saddle horses (like French Saddle
Horse and Anglo-Arabian). These horses are run both on flat tracks and in
steeplechase races. This mix is not as swift as the English Thoroughbred,
although they prove to be sturdier and to possess more endurance. They often
excel in obstacle races and longer distances against an open field.
AQPS racing horses were developed around the end of the 19th
Auvergne horses (Cheval d’Auvergne) are robust and hardy
light draft horse from the Auvergne region of south central France. They are
used mainly for trekking.
They have been crossbred several times throughout history,
with several distinct breeds sharing the name "Auvergne horse". A
small riding horse known as the "half-blood of Auvergne" was
primarily ridden by the cavalry at the beginning of the 19th century, but has
since disappeared. Other work horses of Auvergne were used as a means of
transportation before the advent of modern roads. The work horse was crossbred
to become a light draught horse and subsequent ancestor of the modern Auvergne
horse. It was used for varying field work by the inhabitants of t
Auxois horses are closely related to Ardennes horse and have
been bred specifically for immense size since the start of the 20th century.
Their origins are uncertain, although some sources say that
their ancestors were Burgandy horses, a heavy breed ridden by knights of the
middle ages. Breeding of the modern Auxois began in the 19th century in the
Cote d’Or and Yonne regions of France. The foundation horses were Percheron,
Ardennes, Boulonnais, and Northern Ardennais.
Auxois horses are one of the rarest French draft breeds in
the world. After World War II, with mechanization on the rise, the number of
Auxois horses declined significantly. In fact their numbers became so low that
Avelignese are heavy horses found throughout Italy. They are
beautiful and hardy enough to handle most any challenge.
Avelignese horses are one of the few breeds referred to as
surefooted styles. These surefooted horses can endure traveling through the
desert and in extreme temperatures without any issues. They can be utilized for
equestrian vaulting and also for therapeutic riding purposes as well. They have
been bred with a unique format so that you know which horse came from where.
For example, if the horse is from Austria, they will bode a brand that is just
the letter “H”, whereas the ones from Italy will bode an “HI”.
Avelignese horses are calm enough to be utilized as a riding
Azerbaijan horses are a mountain-steppe racing and riding
horse named after the geographic region where the horse was originally
developed: Azerbaijan in the Caucasus. They have long been native to the area
and are well adapted to herd life.
They were developed as a saddle-pack horse and favored as a
war horse due to their robust character. Over the years they have been enhanced
with both Arabian and Tersk horses.
They are known for an unstable temperament (due to largely
wild herding instincts) and a natural pacing gait. The average speed by running
of Azerbaijan horse is 1600 metres in 2 minute, 66 seconds
are from the Azores islands,
Portugal. They have a
wedge-shaped head and a straight or slightly rammed profile, with a wide
forehead and a small mouth section. Their neck is strong and goes into a long
shoulder. Their chest is deep, but narrow. Their hindquarters are somewhat
poor. They generally are brown.
Azores ponies are wiry, noble horses with a fiery temperament.
They are used in agriculture, but they are also used as children''s ponies.
Azores ponies are very similar to Balearic ponies. Azores
ponies are a very rare breed, whose origin is not fully understood. It is
assumed that horses or ponies from Morocco were imported into the 19th century,
and that these took a not unim
Azteca horses are medium-sized, light riding horse. They arernan extension of the Spanish horse. Although a majority of the horses in Mexicornare still of direct Spanish stock, the Azteca has become very popular in thernfew years that it has been an established breed.
Standing 14.3 to 15 hands high, the Azteca is of standardrnwarmblood conformation.They have a fine, dry head with straight or subconvexrnprofile, small ears, and beautiful eyes. They have a well-placed, beautifullyrncurved and heavily muscled neck. They have long, sloping shoulders and a moderatelyrnpronounced instep. They have a short, strong back and a long, slightly fallingrncroup. They are found in all solid colors except piebald and tigers.
Baguales are wild horses that roam the vast Patagonian
grasslands and forests of Argentina and Chile. They are a sturdy and robust horse;
they can tolerate the highly variable climate of their native region.
Most likely they evolved during the 16th century, with the
introduction of Andalusian horses in Argentina by the Spanish conquistadors. It
is believed that some of the horses either were released or had escaped,
forming feral herds, which wandered freely in the steppes and grasslands.
Today, a few hundred Baguales horses remain with in Torres
del Paine. However, the National Park authorities consider these horses as
invasive and have ordered for their removal. Several research teams and
Baguio Light Horse
Baguio light horses and Baguio ponies are Philippine horses
known for their elegance, hardiness, and disease resistance ability.
Baguio horses and ponies descended from breeding stock
brought by the Chinese, Brazilian, and other South American traders.
Subsequently, the dealers abandoned their animals when they left the Philippine
Islands. The small horses and ponies that evolved from these equine breeds
adapted to the native climate and became physically sound and tough.
During the early 1700s, these horses along with other equine
breeds flourished in the country. However, lack of selective breeding programs
caused their numbers to decline gradually. Arabian and Spanish bloods were
added to refine th
Bahr-El-Ghazal are a variety of Dongala horse from Chad in
the area of Kreda and Ganaston. They are slightly taller than Dongala horse.
They are a light horse with a reputation for poor quality. A lack of good management
and poor local conditions has both contributed to their lesser quality. There
are estimated to be around 10,000 Bahr-El-Ghazal horses left.
Baikal are a small horse from the Lake Baikal region thatrnborders with Mongolia. Baikal are not considered a breed in itself, they are morernof a type, used for all needs of the region. They have been a part of the arearnfor as long as people can remember.
Baikal horses are used for light work, transport, andrntourism where a visitor can rent horses along with a house. They are a toughrnsmall horse that is capable of handling rough trails and tough weather.
Baise horses (also known as the Guangxi) are a pony-sized
horse native to the Guangxi region of China, where the climate is mild and
horse breeding has long been common practice. Like other Asian breeds (the
Mongolian horse in particular), they thrive at high altitudes and roams freely
when not working.
They have obvious physical ties with Mongolian animals. Guangxi''s
mild climate has long favored horse breeding. Bronze statues from 206 to 25
B.C. have been found that look almost exactly like this animal in confirmation.
Baise horses are an average height of 11 to 11.2 hands (44
to 46 inches, 112 to 117 cm). They are smaller than other breeds in northern
and western China. Their head is he
Baixadeiro are a small horse from the marshlands of Brazil. They are an extremely old breed that looks
somewhat like the Pantaneiro Horse of the area, but they are much smaller. They
are dismally under-developed, perhaps because they inhabit lands that are
virtually wetlands most of the year.
Today, they are almost extinct but formal breeding programs
have been set up to continue the lines as these animals have been used in the
area for centuries.
Baikal are a small horse from the Lake Baikal region that
borders with Mongolia. Baikal are not considered a breed in itself, they are more
of a type, used for all needs of the region. They have been a part of the area
for as long as people can remember.
Baikal horses are used for light work, transport, and
tourism where a visitor can rent horses along with a house. They are a tough
small horse that is capable of handling rough trails and tough weather.
Bakhtiari horses are native to Pakistan and have distinctive
turned in ears (similar to those of the Marwari horse). They are believed to be
related to Barb horses and are known for their strength, endurance, and fine
Today their bloodlines have been diluted to the point there
are very few of pure lineage, making this an incredibly rare breed.
They are on average height 14 hands tall, have a medium
sized fine head with a straight or slightly convex profile. Their eyes are
large and expressive. Their neck is long and muscular. Their back is short and
strong. Their legs are fine and strong with good joints and defined tendons.
And their feet are very hard and strong.
Baladi (also known as Egyptian Horses) are an Egyptian
horse of questionable bloodlines. They are no longer considered an individual
breed as they once were. There has been significant “Arabization” of the
indigenous horses of Egypt, due to the short distance between Arabia and the
Nile. The resulting horses come from combinations of Arabian bloodlines and are
unable to be registered. Plus an influx of English Thoroughbred blood was added
for increased speed and size, but because of their lack of papers these animals
are shunned by breeders and tribesmen. Although they are still magnificent horses
and often faster over short distances, (but not as hardy over distance as the
Bali Ponies are an ancient breed now living on the
Indonesian island of Bali. Its roots are unknown, although one theory is that
ponies of ancient stock were brought to Indonesia by the Chinese in the 6th
century. If this theory is true, the Bali pony would owe much of its roots to
the Mongolian Horse. In addition to the Mongolian horse, it is known that some
Indian stock were taken to Indonesia (although it is unknown exactly which
breeds), and the Dutch also brought various eastern breeds to the country
during the 18th century. Therefore, the Bali pony likely has been influenced by
both the Mongolian horse, and various other eastern breeds.
The Bali Ponies are quite hardy and self-sufficient,
Balikun horses are a rare light draft breed from the
Xinjiang region in northwest China. They are well adapted for harsh environment
and used mainly for transportation. They are able to survive on steppe hills
and and pasture with harsh temperatures as low as 40 degrees below zero.
Balikun horses developed from Kazakh and Mongolian horses;
however, over 200 years of selective breeding has made the Balikun horse a
breed of its own.
Balikun horses stand, on average, from 12.2 to 13.1 hands.
They have heavy heads with short, thick, muscular necks. Their withers are
often rather low, and the backs are short, flat, and very strong. Their
shoulders are straight, but muscular. Their croup is sloped, with their tail
Baluchi (also known as Beledougou, or Banamba) horses are
native to the Baluchistan, Sindh and Punjab Provinces in Pakistan. However,
they are most likely related to the West African Barb horses of Mali, Africa.
They share the same ancestors as the Waziri, which is a smaller horse breed
known for their strength, good structure, and stamina.
Baluchi horses are on average about 14 hands high. They have
a medium-sized fine head, straight or slightly curved profile, large eyes,
tulip ears that turn inward and touch, a long muscular neck, pronounced
withers, a short strong back, and fine strong legs with good joints and defined
tendons. There are found in bay, chestnut, or gray.
Ban''ei horses are from Hokkaido, Japan, where they are used
for unique draft races, called the Ban-ei Keiba races, in which the horse pulls
a heavy sledge (called a Sori). These races, which are only conducted at four
racecourses in Hokkaido, are run by such heavy horses bred from stock such as
the sturdy Percherons, Bretons and Belgians, which pull a steel sleigh carrying
a heavy load, together weighing from about half a ton to one ton (including
jockey, sledge, and harness), along a 200-meter separated straight track with
The dynamic Ban-ei Keiba races, which enjoy a large
following, originated as a competition among farmers and locals at least 55
years ago at festivals in the areas in Hokkaido and Tohoku.
Banat horses were a moderately large-framed horse from the
Timus Plateau of Romania; however, they are now extinct.
They were developed by crossing Nonius, Noric, Ardennes,
Oldenburg, and Lipitsa horses. They became an important animal to the local
people and were used primarily for agricultural work.
Unfortunately, with the emergence of modernization
techniques for farming, the Banat, among other draft type animals fell into
Bandiagara horses are a mid-sized, docile horse breed from Mali and Niger in Africa. They are a Barb type with fragile and lovely facial features. For the most part, this they are suited to the climatic harshness of the area.
On average they stand between 14.3 to 15 hands high. Their neck is short and thick with an ample chest and shoulder. Their back is long with rounded croup. Their tail is low set. Their legs are think and sinewy. And their hooves are hard and small.
Banker horses are descendants from domesticated Spanish
horses that were brought to America in 16th century by explorers and abandoned
on the Outer Banks of North Carolina which is where their name
"Banker" was derived. Banker horses were originally domesticated;
however, since they were abandoned and left to fend for themselves, they''ve
Banker horses can be found on the Outer Banks barrier
islands of North Carolina''s coast. They reside on Corolla Island, Currituck
Banks, Ocracoke Island, Shackleford Banks, and in the Rachel Carson Estuarine
Sanctuary. They feed on bulrushes, sea oats, poison ivy, and Saltmarsh
Cord grass. Because of their poor diet, the horses on the Outer Banks are
smaller than domest
Barb horses are a light riding horses from the Maghreb
region of northern Africa. There are several varieties of barb horses including
Algerian, Moroccan, and Tunisian. They are also the foundation breed of the
West African Barb and the Spanish Barb which was developed in the United
Bardigiano horses, also known as Bardigiano Ponies, are from
The first horses that populated Bardi were brought during the
Roman Era. During the centuries, the breed developed as a mountain horse; in the
15th century, there were attempts to make it more gentle by cross-breeding it with
Arabian-Friulian horses, thus obtaining a horse very similar to the one of today.
They almost became extinct after the First World War. In 1977,
a "Regulation for the selection and for the Genealogic Book of the Bardigiano
horse" was approved. This sets the breed standard and had the aim of making
Bardigiano horses were used in the past for agricultural work
in impervious areas and even m
Basuto Ponies are from South Africa. They are derived from
horses imported by Dutch settlers in 17th century.
Basuto Ponies arrived in South Africa in 1653, when four
horses were introduced to the Cape area by the Dutch East India Trading
Company. The exact breed of these horses is unknown, but they may have been
Arabian, Persian, or similar to the Java Pony. They were upgraded later with
Arabian and Persian blood.
These original imported horses became the founders of the
Cape Horse, which became extremely popular and especially gained an admirable
reputation during the Boer Wars. The Cape Horse and the Basuto probably were
originally the same horse, and then with continual Thoroughbred and Arabian
Batak Ponies are from Indonesia originating in Central
Sumatra. They are thought to have descended from Mongolian and Arabian horses,
and have continually been infused with additional Arabian blood to improve their
quality. They are selectively breed by the Indonesians, and are often used to
upgrade the quality of horses and ponies on nearby islands. The Batak Pony was
once used as a sacrificial animal in religious ceremony.
They are slender, but still strong and sturdy. They are
generally well-conformed. Poor forage is a major contributor to conformation
abnormalities. The only other breed of the country which is of better quality
is the Sandalwood Pony. The ponies have a fine head with a straight or slightly
Bavarian Warmblood (also known as Bayerisches
Warmblut) horses are from southern Germany. They were developed from an
older Bavarian heavy warmblood breed called the Rottaler. Since mechanization
in the mid-20th century, the Bavarian Regional Horse Breeders'' Society has
concentrated on producing a riding horse for the Olympic disciplines and recreational
riding based on other European warmblood bloodlines.
The easiest way to recognize a Bavarian Warmblood is by the
brand on the left thigh, which is a crowned shield outside the letter
"B". All colors are permitted, though dark, solid colors are
preferred. The ideal height is between 158 and 170 cm tall at the withers
Belgian Warmbloods are bred distinctively as a show horse
that excels in dressage and jumping arenas. They are basically the mixture of
many breeds with the lighter Belgian agricultural horses as their base. In the
1950s these agricultural horses were mixed with Gelderlanders for greater size
and strength. In the 1960s Selle Francais and Hanoverian were introduced. They
gave the Belgian Warmblood greater athletic ability and freedom of movement.
The Thoroughbred and Anglo-Arabian horses introduced to the breed conformation
They stand around 16.2 hands high. Their head is alert and
full of quality, mainly due to its Anglo-Arabian influence. Their withers are
well placed and their shoulders are of good
Bhirum Ponies (also known as Nigerian Ponies) are a dwarf
horse from the northern regions of Nigeria. They are thought to be a descendant
of the little known Poney Mousseye of Cameroon. They are also thought to come
from Barb horses which were brought to Nigeria by Nomads. These animals were
bred to local ponies and the resulting animal became the Bhirum Pony.
They are a large pony breed, although they are occasionally
referred to as small horses. They are incredibly versatile and can resist the
heat of their environment.
Bhotia Ponies are bred and raised in various regions of
India such as Darjeeling, Sikkim, Bhutan, and Nepal. They are used as a pack
animal and for riding.
Their head usually has a pronounced jaw line, straight
profile, small ears and eyes. Their neck is a muscular and a bit short, their
chest is deep, their shoulder is straight. Their ponies have powerful
hindquarters, and short, strong legs with good joints. They stand at 12.2 hh,
they are usually bay or gray, but may be any solid color. They tend to be
narrow in build.
Black Forest, also known as Schwarzwalder Kaltblut, Horses
come from the Black forest, Germany. They were well known as the pearl of The
Black Forest back in their day and have derived from the cold bloods that were
residing in the region during the Middle Ages. They came about as a result of
breeding a Haflinger and a Noriker. Later on, the breed would be closer
introduced to the Brabant breed in a poor attempt at making them taller, which
was not successful whatsoever. Once the twentieth century arrived, some were
enabled to breed with any stallion they wanted to. Currently, there are fifty
state approved stallions in the area and over seven hundred registered mares
alike. They have a great reputation in local areas and are consi
Blazer Horses were developed in the 1950s and 1960s in
northwestern United States. They can trace their ancestry to one chestnut
stallion named Little Blaze, who was foaled in 1959. Little Blaze was bred and
owned by F. Neil Hinck, an American horse trainer from Bedford, Wyoming. The
descendant of Mormon pioneers and Danish horsemen, Hinck came from a ranch
family and had extensive experience with most breeds of the day. Little Blaze
was combinationof American Quarter Horse and Morgan Horse with some Shetland
Pony and Thoroughbred.
Blazers are known for being versatile at any sport
competition and having gentle and intelligent dispositions. Blazer horses do
not exceed 15 hands (60 inches, 152 cm) at full maturi
Boerperd, or Boer Ponies, are a tough horse that can still
remain their cool and be kind enough to allow for kids to ride, they are hardy,
enduring, and have been used for harness work, endurance, and for riding people
of all ages and sizes. They are found in Johannesburg, Swaz, Lesotho, and Cape
Town, South Africa.
Boerperd’s stand at around fifteen hands in full grown size.
They are generally bred in any color, typically one solid color rather than
mixtures or patterns. They are a fit and lean breed with good shoulders and
hard feet, they also have great joints and a shorter back, which aids their
strength and ability to carry passengers for hours on end without struggling.
Bose Ponies are from the Bose and HechirnPrefecture-Guangxizhuang region of China. They are best known for performingrngeneral riding and work.
Bose Ponies are bay colored. They are on average 11.1 torn11.2 hands tall. Their head is dry, straight, and slightly weighty. Their profilernis concave and their jaw is wide. Their ears are small and alert. Their neck isrnmoderately long and their withers are moderate. They have a short back andrntheir croup is rounded. They have a bushy, but thin, mane and tail. Their legsrnare short and strong with good joints. Their hooves are firm.
Bosnian Ponies, found in Bosnia and Herzegovina, are a
member of the group of horses known as the Balkan breeds, and are thought to be
descended from a cross between the Tarpan and Asian Wild Horses.
Beginning in the 1900s, they have been selectively bred
through a government-controlled breeding programs. The principle breeding
center for many years was the Borike Stud in Bosnia. The state controlled all
breeding stallions, while mares were privately owned. During the 1940s three
stallions, Agan, Barat, and Misco, were used to improve the breed. Agan and
Barat resembled the Asian Wild Horse type, while Misco was a lighter type.
Until the Bosnian War, there were strict standards,
Boulonnais horses come from France. They are legendary
creatures that were brought from France by Julius Caesar during his preparation
to invade Britain. They were once known for roaming many lands such as Calais,
Belgium, Eterpigny, and along the English Channel in the United Kingdom. Most
of the heavier draft breeds were bred in the Northwestern areas of France.
They are often referred to as the Thoroughbred of the draft
breeds. This was as a result of their elegance that they received from the
bloodlines of some Arab and Iberian horses. While they are recognized as being
derived from the seventeenth century, some feel there were in fact two various
styles of the breed. One was noted as the heavier draft version a
Brabant horses are from Belgium, and can be found all over
Germany as well as the Netherlands, France, and more specifically set inside
Brussels. They are used for harness work and for shows or competitions alike.
Their unique appearances make it easier for them to do very well inside the
competitive circuit and they have a very friendly personality to boot.
Brabant horses have quite a history coming from significant
dignitaries using them on a regular basis for being bred for use in shows. It
has been noted that the Brabant horses were used to carry those involved in the
Norman Conquest of Britain during 1066. They are a very large horse variation
that was reliable and dependably used on missions and in the mil
Brandenburgers are a well-balanced horse with a lively
temperament, an easy to get along with character and little tendency to
Horse breeding was first mentioned in documents in the
Brandenburg March in the 15th century although at that point, there was not a
uniform or standardized breed. The development of the modern Brandenburger
sport horse during the mid-20th century was achieved by utilizing Trakehners,
Hanoveranians, and English Thoroughbreds. The national and state stud of
Neustadt/Dosse, which was founded by King Frederick Wilhelm II in 1788, had
substantial influence on the development of the Brandenburger.
Following reunification with the former German Democratic
Brazilian Sport Horses (Brasileiro de Hipismo), were
developed specifically for competition in 1970. They were developed from
Andalusian, Thoroughbred, Trakehner, Hanoverian, Holsteiner, Oldenburger,
Westphalian, Irish Hunter, Selle Francais, Argentine-Anglo and Belgian
Warmblood horses. They are popular in the US and Europe and have successfully
completed recent Olympic Games. In 1996 four Brazilian Sport Horses, Aspen,
Adelfos, Cassiano Joter, and Calei Joter, competed in the Atlanta Olympics and
in Syndey in 2000.
They are intelligent, light, agile, quick, athletic and
large (over 16 hands high), and lively. They have a sweet disposition, solid
work ethic, endless ability, calm, brave and balanced
Breton horses come from France but can be seen along the
British side of the English Channel and most often in the land of Rennes.
Primarily they are raised for light or heavy drafting. They are sweet, easy to
maintain, and full of energy. They can be extremely handy on farmlands and are
very loyal to their owners as well.
They were one of the first types of horses considered to be
mountain animals. In the Middle Ages they were bred into two various breeds.
One was considered a heavier style noted as the Sommier, and the other was the
Rossier, which was a lighter horse style created just for the primary use of
riding. During the nineteen hundreds, the breeders began to make ones that were
British Spotted Pony
British Spotted Ponies have been known to exist since prehistoric
times - they appear in cave paintings in France dating back around 20,000 years
and have also featured in Egyptian pictures dating from 1400 BC. They were at
one time feral in the British Isles and their spotted coat pattern was their
natural camouflage as they roamed the heaths and forests of ancient Britain.
Through history Spotted Ponies have been regarded as
somewhat magical and mystical and were subsequently highly regarded by Royalty
and noblemen. During Roman times, some of the mounts of the more important
Officers were spotted horses of great elegance; and during the dark ages many
spotted Ponies were sent as gifts between the Royal Famil
Brumbies are free-roaming feral horses in Australia.
Although they are found in many areas around the country, the best-known
Brumbies are found in the Australian Alps region. Brumbies have been seen in
the Man from Snowy River movies and the opening of the 2000 Sydney Olympic
Brumbies are the descendants of the horses that were
transported on ships from England with convicts and first settlers. The initial
horses included "Capers" from South Africa, Timor Ponies from
Indonesia, British pony and draught horse breeds, and a significant number of
Thoroughbreds and Arabians. Many of those early horses escaped or were left to
run free. Over time the developed into their own breed, much like America
Buckskin Horses are not a specific breed, they are horses
that have a common color - tan or bronze coloring with black points. A true
Buckskin should be the color of tanned deer hide with black points. Shades may
vary from yellow to dark gold. Points (mane, tail, and legs) can be dark brown,
or black. Ponies and horses showing predominance of draft horse blood are not
Buckskins developed a strong reputation as a sturdy working
horse in the frontier of the western United States. They were highly regarded
by the cowboys of the old west, Buckskins were used for pack, harness, and
The American Buckskin Registry Association was founded in
1962, it opened its registry to not only
Bucovina horses are an extremely rare cross between Romanian
Hutzel (Huzel) horses with an infusion of draught horse blood. They are suitable for riding, draught work,
and logging. They retain the toughness, economy, and tractability of Hutzel
Their cost is roan coat color which most like comes from
Ardennes ancestr. Which is not a surprise since Ardennes were introduced into
Romania after the Second World War to regenerate local stock.
Budyonny horses originated in Russia and are known for
having a iridescent coat. They received their name from Marshall Budyonny of
the red army. They can be found all over the Russian Federation; inside
Ukraine, Belarus, Moscow, Rostov, and along the Lake Ladoga.
Budyonny horses were created by combining the Thoroughbred
Don horses. They were utilized for all sorts of purposes as both work horses
and for leisure uses as well. They are an incredible cavalry horse; built for
speed and durability.
They are the perfect combination of strength with an
attractive appearance. They are noted by experts as being rather athletic and
coordinated and also mild tempered.
Buohai horses are native to the Northeastern part of the
Shandong Province, China, near the Buohai Sea and the Yellow River. They have
been found in that area for at least 2700 years, but are originally from Mongolia.
In 1962 the Chinese government established a cross-breeding
program designed to improve the local stock. Attempts with riding horses were
unsuccessful and created animals too light for heavy agricultural work. Later
Ardennes and Soviet Heavy Draft blood was introduced and the resulting animals
was classified as the Buohai breed in China.
In 1974 a breed association was formed and the first animals
were registered as pureblood under the Buohai name. There is lot of variety
Burguete horses (also known as Caballo Burguete, Caballo de
Raza Burguete, or Aurizko Zaldia) are from the Navarre region of northern
Spain. They are listed in the Catálogo Oficial de Razas de Ganado de Espana in
the group of autochthonous breeds in danger of extinction. Their name is
derived from the town of Auritz/Burguete.
Burmese Ponies, also known as Shan Ponies, originated in the
Shan state of Eastern Burma, where they are bred today by local tribes. They
are similar to Bhutia, Spiti, and Manipuri ponies of the Himalayan Mountains,
suggesting these breeds have a similar origin, most likely deriving from the
Mongolian horse and other Eastern breeds.
Burmese ponies may reach 13 hands high, and are brown, bay,
chestnut, black or gray in color. They are not particularly pretty horses,
having been bred for function rather than looks. The head usually has a
straight profile, the neck is muscular. The back may be long, and the croup is
sloping. The ponies do not have very pronounced withers, and a rather upright
shoulder, creating a shor
Buryats are one of the smallest horses in Siberia and share
ancestors with the Mongolian breed, although they tend to be taller. They are native
to a climate that is incredibly harsh, (there are only about a 100 days a year
above freezing temperatures in parts); and as a result they are very tough.
Throughout the years severe (and often cruel) training
methods combined with selective breeding and an intense natural environment has
created an almost indestructible, fertile animal with a long life span.
Since 1897 Thoroughbred stallions (and some trotters) have
been brought to the area to improve the breed. However the fertility and
toughness of the breed tends to be compromised by the influx o
Busak posavec (also known as Croation Pasavac, Posavina,
Hrvatski Posavic , and Busak Posavec) horses comes from the flood plains of the
Sava River in Croatia. Currently their numbers are very low.
On average they are around 15.2 hands high. Their head is
noble and broad. Their ears are concave and elliptic. Their hooves are broad
and flat. They are found in black, grey, and bay.
They are bred for light agriculture work and vegetation
Byelorussian Harness horses were developed Dole, Ardennes,
and Brabancon horse breeds. The Dole influence was the strongest. Long-term
inter breeding of various generations of crosses created a breed that is
very suitable for work in wooded areas with swampy and sandy soils.
They are a medium-sized horse with the characteristic
conformation of a harness horse. Their head is not large, their forehead is
wide, their neck is well muscled and average in length, their withers are
average in height and length, their back long, flat and often slightly dipped,
their loin is flat and short, their croup is wide, nicely rounded and well
muscled with a normal slope, their chest wide and deep. Their limbs are clean
Calabrese Horses originated
in Calabria and were derived from a group of Arabian horses imported from North
Africa. During the Bourbon period, they were crossbred with Andalusian horses. In
more recent times, they were bred with Saleritano horses and English Thoroughbreds,
which increased their size. Every now and then, in order not to lose their original
traits, they are bred with Arabian horses.
Calabrese horses are
easy to train, strong, vivacious, and docile. They have excellent balance, fast,
and good jumpers.
Content and photo source: Agrarian.org
Camargue horses arre one of the oldest breeds of horses
known. They are indigenous to the harsh wetlands of the Camargue region of
Southern France. They have resided there as far back as prehistoric times.
Researchers believe that the Camargue horse is a descendent from the ancient
Solutre horse. Archeological evidence of this has been found to a considerable
extent in the Burgundy region of France. Camargue horse is also closely related
to Spanish breeds from the northern part of the peninsula.
Births in the wild occur from April until July. The horses
are gathered up at the age of three and trained. One of the techniques which is
taught is neck reining, allowing the rider to keep only one hand on the reins. On
Camarillo White Horses are famous for their brilliant white
The story of Camarillo White horses start in 1921 when
Adolfo Camarillo purchased a 9-year-old stallion named Sultan at the California
State Fair in Sacramento. He then went on to breed Sultan with Morgan mares at
his ranch in California up until his death in 1958. His daughter Carmen then
continued breeding and showing the horses at parades and events until her death
in 1987. As per her will, the horses were then sold at public auction.
Four years after the horses were auctioned off in 1987,
their number had dwindled down to 11. In an attempt to save the breed and bring
attention to it, the Camarillo White Horse Association was founded in 199
Campeiro horses originated from Spanish and Portugese horses
that were introduced into Brazil by sea Captain Alveres Nunes during his
journies from Santa Catarina to Paraguay. Their first expedition was in 1541
and Cabeza de Vaca landed with soldiers, seeds, cattle, and 46 horses. The
first official records of horses in Santa Catarina were in 1728. During the
19th century the Campeiro was crossed with Thoroughbred and Arabian blood to
refine their looks and improve performance.
In 1976 the Brazilian Association of Campeiro Horse Breeders
was founded and the herd book opened in 1985.
On average they are 13.9 to 15.1 hands high. Their movement
is elastic with a marchadore and trote step, there
Campolina horses originated in Brazil in 1870 when a farmer
named Cassiano Campolina bred a Brazilian mare of Barb ancestry with a pure Andalusian
stallion. Later he further refined his horses with Anglo-Norman, Clydesdale,
Holsteiner, American Saddle Horse, and Mangalarga Marchador horses.The result is the largest of the three gaited
Brazilian breeds. Their temperament is docile, but active and proud. They are
used for pleasure and trail riding, dressage, and driving.
The Campolina is a gaited breed, with an ambling gait. Their
gaits are a smooth, regular batida or a picada, the first characterized by a
longer time of movement of the bipeds in diagonal and the second only in
lateral, both with four-beat movemen
Canadian Horses, originally called the French Canadian
Horse, was introduced to Canada in July 1665 by King Louis XIV of France.
Initially, King Louis XIV sent 12 of his best horses to reward the men who had
gone to settle "New France". France continued to import these horses,
and by 1763, their number was close to 13,000. However, as exporting the horse
continuously increased for the Boer war in Africa, plantations in the West
Indies, and to the United States for stage lines and the Civil War, by the
1860s and 1870s, there were fewer than 400 Canadian Horses with fewer than 20
registrations per year. To preserve the remaining of the breed and keep the
horse from going extinct, a stud book was produced in 1886. The decrease of
Canadian Rustic Pony
Canadian Rustic Ponies originated in Canada, particularly
the Saskatchewan and Manitoba provinces.
They were developed by Dr. Peter Neifeld of Manitoba,
Canada. They were developed by crossing Heck horses from the Atlanta Zoo in
Atlanta, Georgia with Arabian horse-Welsh pony crosses.
On January 23, 1989, the Canadian Rustic Pony Association
was formed, incorporated under the new Canadian federal Animal Pedigree Act,
also known as Bill C-67. Prior to this, since 1978, Canadian Rustic Ponies had
been registered through a registry based in the United States, and as of
September 1989, 72 ponies had been US-registered. These ponies were eligible to
become double-registered under the Canadian and US regis
Canadian Sport Horse
The farm horse of the Canadian countryside is the base stock
for the Canadian Sport Horse. After the First World War, Thoroughbred stallions
from England were made available to cross with the countryside stock, producing
a more refined horse. In 1926, the Canadian Hunter, Saddle and Light Horse
Improvement Society was organized. In 1933, a second organization, The Canadian
Hunter Society was incorporated and a Stud Book was maintained. The two
societies merged in 1970 and renamed the society to include the term
"Sport Horse," a name which appropriately distinguishes this highly athletic
During the First World War, and as the direct result of
Canada''s reputation for breeding quality horses, a large perce
Cape horses were extremely popular through the Boer Wars,
but very little is known about the status of the Cape Horse breed today. They
originated in South Africa and greatly resembles Basuto Horses, however they
Horses first arrived in South African when they were imported
by the Dutch East India Trading Company in 1653. The first breeds were believed
to be Barb and Arabian descendants shipped from the Island of Java, and they
were the forefathers of both the Cape Horse and the Basuto.
Gradually, the Cape Horse was refined by introducing
Thoroughbred and Arabian blood. Through these crosses, the breed became larger
and sportier than its Basuto brethren. Despite its huge popularity as a ba
Carolina Marsh Tacky
Carolina Marsh Tackys are working horses. They have an
uncanny ability to work inside water and even deep, swampy conditions along the
shoreline. They are relatively small horses (13 to 15 hands), they are ideal
for carrying around children and also for riding practices as well. They are
generally put to work on farmlands to herd cattle.
Carolina Marsh Tacky history goes back hundreds of years.
Coming from a Spanish breed of horses, the Carolina Marsh Tacky breed has more
recently been a part of the culture in South Carolina. Spanish explorers
brought theses animals over the eastern shoreline many centuries ago, as far
dating as the sixteen hundreds. Even utilized during the American Revolution,
and for workers
Carthusian (also known as Carthusian-Andalusian, and
Carthujano) horses originated in Spain. They were created when the Zamora
brothers purchased a stallion by the name of El Soldado and bred him to two
mares. A colt and a filly were produced, and the colt (a dark gray) was named
Esclavo and went on to become the foundation sire of the Carthusian breed.
Esclavo went on to produce many offspring, which were sold to breeders in
Jerez, Spain. One group of mares sired by Esclavo around 1736 were sold to Don
Pedro Picado, who then gave part of them to a group of Carthusian monks in the
settlement of a debt and sold the rest to Antonio Abad Romero where they were
absorbed into the main Andalusian breed. The stock given to the monks were
Caspian horses are small originally from Iran. Although generally
no more than 12 hands (1.22 metres) high, they are nevertheless considered to be
a horse rather than a pony.
They are a similar build to Arabian horses, and they are extremely
hardy, with very dense bone and hard feet that rarely need shoeing. They can take
long strides and are able to keep up with normal-sized horses while walking, trotting,
or cantering, despite their smaller stature. The most common colors are bay and
black, though they may also be grey, dun, or chestnut.
Although the Caspian horse may have had a long history in its
own country it did not really become known to the rest of the world until it was
"discovered" by an American-bor
Castillonais (also known as Cheval Ariegeois de Castillon, cheval
du Biros, or Saint-Gironnais) horses are an ancient breed of small riding horse
from the Ariege departement of southwestern France.
Castillonnais horses originally were bred for cavalry,
agriculture, and driving. They declined in population during the 20th century,
and almost became extinct. In 1980, a group of supporters began to work to save
the breed, and a breed association, now called the Association Nationale du
Cheval Castillonnais d''Ariege Pyrenees (ANCCAP), was formed in 1992. The breed
was officially recognized by the French Ministry of Agriculture in 1996. The
French government, breed association and a regional conservation group all now
Catria Horses are
from Monte Catria, Italy, and neighbouring areas (Central Appennines), spread over
the provinces of Pesaro, Ancona and Perugia.
with the people of Maremma in Tuscany, chiefly with those involved in charcoal-burning,
explain the introduction and the influence of the local equine population of Maremagno.
In the post-war years the herds of horses diminished considerable, but the original
population, derived from the maremmano breed, held on in mountain areas which were
only good for pasture land from wild horses.
After a period of
many crosses with various bloodlines, in 1974 the Special Co-operative Agency of
Catria took over the management of the local studs, controlling in
Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale
Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale (or "Roman horse
of the part of the Maremma that is in Lazio") are native to the Lazio
region of Italy. They are an ancient breed, but they were officially recognised
only in 2010. They are now one of the fifteen indigenous horse breeds of
limited distribution listed by the AIA, the Italian breeders'' association. The
Lazio region has assigned it the conservation status of “at risk of erosion”.
Their population numbers about 800, of which most are in the comune of Monte
Romano in the province of Viterbo; a herd of approximately 200 are at Ponzano
Romano in the province of Rome, and others are in the province of Rieti.
DNA testing had shown that the traditional working horse of
Cerbat Mustangs are beautiful and strong horses that are
used for riding or as an event horse in competitions. They have excellent
endurance and are very strong. They are smaller in size than some breeds, but
still remain durable and willing to please. They well known for their unique
ability to easily reproduce at very late ages. The Cerbat mares can still
reproduce well into their twenties, which is a great strength considering some
horse breeds only live up until they are twenty. Most of them of have a
vertebrae with five lumbar, which is also unusual.
Cerbat horses are a part of history, much like the rest of
the Spanish routed variations. They have been commonly referred to as Spanish
Mustangs and are considered rat
Chahou Post Pony
Chahou Post Ponies are from Tibetan Autonomous County of
Tianzhu, Yongding, and Gulang County, Ganshu Province, China. They are highly
resistant to disease and incredibly hardy due to their extreme habitat.
They are of moderate size (average height of 12.1 – 12.8
hands). Their back is of medium length, and they have a short girth. They are
found in black, chestnut, grey, bay, and dun.
They are known to be dependable, willing, and tough. They are
used as pack animals and for transportation.
Chaidamu Ponies are from the Qinghai Province of China.
Their numbers are very low and there is very little information available about
They are moderately-sized ponies (average height 12.6 – 12.8
hands). Their Head is wide and short. Their bodies are stong and round with
short legs. They come in black, chestnut, and grey. They are known to be easy
going, sociable, and kind. They are used for riding, sports, and as draught
Chakouyi horses are a very little-known and ancient breed of
light horse (technically a pony) that comes from the Silk Road area of China.
On average they are 12.2 – 13 hands high. Their face is
medium sized with a straight profile and large eyes. Their next is medium
length; their loin is short with well-rounded abdominal area. Their croup is
sloped and well muscled. And their legs are short with well developed joints
and little hair. They are found in black, grey, and bay. Plus often have an
elongated star on their forehead.
Cheju Ponies are from Cheju Island, off the southern coast
of South Korea. They are used for riding and light draft. Horses were among the
most important animals used for agriculture and military purposes from the
period of tribal states (before the first century B.C.) through the Choson
dynasty (fourteenth and nineteenth centuries).
The Cheju native pony may have existed since prehistoric
times, although no clear record confirms this. During the Korya dynasty
(1276-1376), Mongolians governed Cheju and introduced their horses to the
island. One record shows that 160 breeding horses were brought from Mongolia to
Cheju and used for improving the native ponies. Since that time, horses raised
on Cheju have been exp
Chilean (Chilean Corralero)
Chilean Corralero horses are related to Spanish horses that
brought to Peru by the Spanish conqueror Pedro de Valdivia in 1541. In 1557
Garcia Hurtado de Mendoza, the new governor, arrived in Chile with 42 horses of
the famous caste of the Guzmanes and Valenzuelas, marking the beginning of the
Chilean horse breed. A pure Chilean breed appeared by the beginning of the 19th
century, and the Chilean Corralero appeared by the end of the 19th century.
They are the oldest registered Native American breed, the
oldest registered breed of Iberian origin, the oldest registered horse breed in
South America and the oldest registered stock horse breed in the Western
First they were used by the Spanish
Chincoteague horses comernfrom the Eastern coast of the United States, the islands of Chincoteague and ssateague off the coast of Virginia and Maryland. They are well known forrntheir hardiness and willing to succeed. Additionally, they are raised forrnriding and harness work (they are good at carry burden long distances).
It''s not clear how thernChincoteague horses evolved, but most believe that they are related to 17 rabian horses that swam ashore from a spanish vessel that had capsized off therncoast, around 1600. Once on the islands they became stunted under the harshrnenvironment. To keep from starving they ate coarse salt marsh cordgrass, merican beachgrass, thorny greenbrier stems, bayberry twigs, seaweed and evenrnpoison ivy
Choctaw horses are the direct descendants of horses that
traveled with the Choctaw Indians on the "Trail of Tears" in the
1830s from the southeast U.S. to the reservations in Oklahoma.
The Trail of Tears was a series of forced removals of Native
American nations from their ancestral homelands in the Southeastern US to an
area west of the Mississippi River that had been designated as Indian
Territory. The forced relocations were carried out by various government
authorities following the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830. The
relocated people suffered from exposure, disease, and starvation while en
route, and more than four thousand died before reaching their various
destinations. The removal included members of
Cleveland Bay horses originated in England during the 17th
century, named after its coloring and the Cleveland district of Yorkshire. They
are the oldest established horse breed in England, and the only non-draught
horse developed in Great Britain.
Cleveland Bay horses are well-muscled, with legs that are
strong but short in relation to the body. They are always bay in colored,
although a few light hairs in the mane and tail are characteristic of some
In the middle ages in the north east of England bay colored
horses were bred for pack work, which was the preferred way of transport of the
travelling salesmen, often referred to as chapmen. So these horses were called
large draught horses derived from farm horses of Clydesdale, Scotland. They were developed by the farmers of Lanarkshire,
through which the River Clyde flows. The old name for Lanarkshire is Clydesdale.
They were originally used for agriculture
and hauling, and they still are used for draught purposes today. They have also
been used to create and improve other draught breeds.
They were bred to meet not only the agricultural
needs of these farmers, but the demands of commerce for the coal fields of Lanarkshire
and for all the types of heavy haulage on the streets of Glasgow. The breed soon
acquired more than a local reputation, and in time, the breed spread throughout
the whole of Scotland and northern Eng
Colonial Spanish horses were at one point very popular and
were prized by Spanish explorers in the fifteenth century. They were brought to
America by explorers, and were allowed to roam. Later they became popular in
the western states and were cross bred to create a larger animal. However; by
the mid-nineteen hundreds, they were thought to be extinct. A man named Robert
E. Brislawn developed the Spanish Mustang Registry and the entire breed was
saved from that point on.
Currently, there are a few thousand horses registered with
the Spanish Mustang registry. Historically, they have been known to have the
ability to travel very far and not sustain any health ailments at all, which is
quite remarkable. In their native Spain
Colorado Ranger horses are from the Colorado High Plains in
the United States. They are descended from two stallions imported from Turkey
to Virginia, US, in the late 1800s. These stallions were then bred to ranch
horses in Nebraska and Colorado, and in the early 1900s the two stallions who
every registered Colorado Ranger traces to, Patches #1 and Max #2, were foaled.
The breed was championed by rancher Mike Ruby, who founded the Colorado Ranger
Horse Association in 1935.
By 2005, more than 6,000 Colorado Ranger horses had been registered.
Colorado Rangers may be any solid color or carry leopard spotting patterns.
Pinto coloration and American Paint Horse breeding are not allowed, nor are
draft horse and pony
Comtois horses are draft horse that originated in the Jura
Mountains on the border between France and Switzerland. It is believed to they
descended from horses brought by the Burgundians of northern Germany to France
during the fourth century. In the Middle Ages they were used as war horses. In
the 19th century, other draft horses such as the Norman, Boulonnais, and
Percheron horses were bred with Comtois horses, and more recently Ardennes
horses were used to produce a stronger horse with better legs. Today, they are
second only to the Belgian draft horse in number in France.
Connemara Ponies are Ireland’s native pony originally from Galway.
Their popularity is extensive worldwide. They are a historic breed that is considered
to be “sure footed and hardy”. Connemara ponies have a calm temperament, staying
power, intelligence, soundness, and athleticism. They are considered to be a wonderful
modern riding mount for children and adults alike.
The exact origins of Connemara Ponies are difficult to decipher
and are immersed in myth and fable.The general
consensus is that the history of the breed started with the arrival of the Celts
in Ireland. The Celts traveled across Northern Europe, through England, Scotland,
and Wales, arriving eventually on the West Coast of Ireland over 2,500 years ago.
Corsican (also known as U Cavallu Corsu or u paganacciu or Cheval corse) horses are small horses indigenous to the Mediterranean island of Corsica, off the coast of south-eastern France.
There are no equines in the fossil record of Corsica, and for that reason it is believed that humans brought the first horses to the island, along with a number of other animals. The Haras Nationaux set up a remount depot on the island in 1861 for the purpose of producing light cavalry horses and mules. When the military ceased to breed horses there, the animals remaining were bred by local people and reverted to a homogeneous phenotype due to what essentially became natural selection.
Corsican horses are small, standing between
Costa Rican Saddle
Since 1850 breeders of the Costa Rican horse have paid morernattention to the selection of breeding stock. Because the horse population wasrnsmall and inbreeding became a concern, a few stallions were imported from Spainrnand Peru. The result is the Costa Rican saddle horse.
The breed was founded by Janitzio, foaled inrn1955, a loudly marked sabino stallion. In 1972 a breed club (ASCACOPA) wasrnestablished, and in 1974 the breed registry was initiated.
The minimum height for males is 14.2 1/2 hands (148 centimetres 58 in)) and 14.1 1/2 hands (146 centimetres (57 in)) for females. Their headrnprofile is straight or slightly convex. Their neck is arched, ample at the basernand tapered toward the head. Their chest is deep and w
Criollo horses are native of Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil, and
Paraguay. They may have the best endurance of any horse breed in the world next
to Arabian horses. In fact, due to a low basal metabolism, they may be a better
long-distance horse than Arabians in prolonged races over a week in duration
with no supplemental feed. Because of their hardiness and stamina they are very
popular in its home countries.
The word criollo originally referred to human and animals of
pure-bred Spanish ancestry that were born in the Americas, or, in Portuguese
crioulo, to animals or slaves born in the Americas. In time, the meaning of the
word would simply come to refer to native breeds of the Americas.
Croatian Coldblood (Croatian: Hrvatski hladnokrvnjak,
German: Kroatisches Kaltblut) horses are medium-heavy draught horses developed
The history of the breed dates back to the first half of the
19th century, when it was begun to crossbreed local warmblood mares in central
Croatia with imported quality stallions of Noriker breed. Some other breeds
were involved later, like Ardennes, Brabant, and Percheron. At the beginning of
the 20th century the breed was widespread toward east (Slavonia) and west
(Gorski kotar and Istria regions).
The typical Croatian Coldblood ranges from 150 centimetres
(14.3 hands; 59 in) to 160 cm (15.3 h; 63 in) high. Stallions can weigh up to
850 kilograms (1,870 lb). Its head i
Cuban Paso (or Cubano de Paso) horses originated from
Spanish horses brought to the new world by conquistadors. They are best known
for their elegant and comfortable pace. They are a strong but elegant horse
used for transportation in Cuba.
Their head is proportional to their body with a straight
profile which at times can be slightly convex or concave. Their forehead is
wide, their ears are medium sized and mobile. They have a strong neck and high,
oblique muscular croup and a straight and strong back. Their tendons and joints
are well defined. Their legs are strong and structured. Their average height
lies between 1.45 and 1.50 m. Their most frequent color is brown although every
color is found.
Cuban Pintos (or Pinto Cubano) horses originated from
Spanish horses brought to the South America by conquistadors. After the Cuban
revolution in 1959 a herd of pinto mares was gathered in the area around Manicaragua,
in the Cuban province of Santa Clara, for their genetic improvement. Afterwards
on the ranch La Guabina, located in the province Pinar del Rio, their muscular
development was improved interbreeding them with Quarter horses and a British
pinto horse called Bony.
They are found in only tobiano and overo. Their average
height lies between 1.44 and 1.52 m, their head is proportional to their body
with a straight or slightly convex profile and medium sized or small ears. Their
neck is quite long and w
Cumberland Island (a barrier island off the state of
Georgia’s, US, southeast coast )is one of a handful of places on the East Coast
that are home to bands of feral horses. The horses on Cumberland Island may
have similar ancestors to the Chincoteague/Assateague ponies, which are thought
to have been either shipwrecked or abandoned there by Spanish explorers in the
Plantation owners, various military activities, and influxes
of pleasure horses brought by the island''s more recent residents blended into
the population over the centuries, resulting in a horse that''s still very
tough, but not as stubby and fuzzy as its cousins to the North. It''s not
unusual for the Cumberland horses to reach 15 hands (5 f
Czech Warmblood (Czech: Cesky Teplokrevnik) horses are warmblooded
sport horse from the Czech Republic. They were in existence by the time of the
Austro-Hungarian Empire (1876-1918). In the 19th century they were influenced
by Spanish and Italian horses, and later by breeds such as Furioso, Gidran,
Nonius, and Przedswit horses.
Czech Warmblood horses are robust, powerful horses with
strong bones. They have a strong neck on an elegant body, a broad, long back
and good hooves, though they are sometimes flat. Their mane and tail are very
thick. They are also relatively long-lived, unpretentious and relentless horses.
They are willing and teachable with a very good temperament. Most are black,
chestnut, bay, or dar
Dales horses come from the Pennines in northern England.
They received their name by the famous Yorkshire Dales.
Dales horses are related to Pennine Pony that were cross
bred with Friesian horses. Scots later cross breed them with Scottish Galloway
horses. The resulting horses had increased speed and were better all around
athletes. They continued on to be bred with many other horses, such as the
Clydesdale, Yorkshire, Norfolk Terrier, and Welsh Cob stallions.
Dales horses are used for riding purposes for children to
adults and for harness work as well. They were involved in trotter races around
the globe and can currently be found mostly in Europe. They are bred in the
United Kingdom, Irel
Danish Warmbloods, formerly know as the Danish Sports Horse,
are large-framed horses from Denmark. They were developed by crossing Frederiksbork
horses with Thoroughbreds. The mares resulting from this were then bred with
Anglo-Norman horses, Thoroughbreds, and Trakehners. This and selective breeding
produced a Danish Warmblood. Danish Warmbloods are the youngest of all European
Danish Warmbloods are similar to Thoroughbreds but they have
a more substantial build. They are known to be very cooperative, intelligent,
alert, and sociable horses. They are courageous and have an excellent
temperament. They are also described as having a good, free action, and are
eager to perform.
Danube Delta horses are a feral breed that are found in and
around the Letea Forest of Romania. It is documented that 300 to 400 years ago
the ancestors of these horses were brought by the Tatars to the north of the
Danube delta. The collapse of communism in 1989 along with the nation’s economy
led to farms closing and releasing the horses into the wild. As a result, there
are roughly, 3600 of these horses live in the Danube Delta and 500 in the Letea
Danube Delta horses are considered to be either large ponies
or small horses. They come in black, bay or dun and have a robust muscular
structure with long slender legs. They have an attractive head with a straight
profile. The average height is 13.2 to 14.
Over many centuries ponies were allowed to run freely on
the high moorland of Devon in the south west of England. These ponies were well
adapted to the harsh climate. As the trade route between Exeter and Plymouth
became more important the native ponies came in contact with the many different
horse breeds that travelled on that road. They also were influenced by Arabian
and Barb horses brought back by Crusaders. During the Industrial Revolution the
Dartmoor Ponies were crossed with small Shetland Ponies in order to produce a
breed small enough to work in the mines. Unfortunately this led to a decline in
the popularity, and population, Dartmoor ponies. They were crossed with Welsh
Mountain Ponies, Polo Ponies, and Hackneys to save t
Datong horses are are native
to the Datong River basin in the northern Qinghai Province of China; where
their history dates back 4000 years. They are considered to be related the
fabled Longma or Dragon horse.
References to the Dragon
Horse appeared first under the reign of King Mu and have been immortalized in
ancient Chinese art. They were said to have 2 small, bony projections on their
forehead that resembled horns. The Datong horse can be born with theses same
bony projections (calcium-like deposits on the temple to small horns
behind or near the ear). Today this is
considered a flaw and horses born with them are not bred.
Datong Horses have a gentle temperament and excellent
Deli ponies arre native to the island of Sumatra in
Indonesia. They are closely related to Batak Ponies -both were developed in the Batak hills. They
are most likely named from the large numbers of ponies exported from the port
of Deli. They were first exported to Singapore, Malacca, and Penang, and from
there spread they out across Malaysia.
It is believed that the first horses in the Malay
Archipelago arrived several hundred years ago, either by Hindu invaders from
the west or merchants from Pegu and China. It is very probable that the Shan
Ponies, native to Burma and bred by its hill tribes, were imported to the
highlands of Northern Sumatra where there was open country. From there, these
Desert Norman Horse
Desert Norman horses are essentially a smaller version of
the Percheron breed. Development of Desert Norman horses began in La Perche, a
district of Normandy southwest of Paris, France - one of the oldest
horse-breeding areas in the world. In 732 A.D., Arabian horses abandoned by
Moors after their defeat in the Battle of Tours, were crossed with the massive
Flemish stock and from this cross came the Percheron type which has endured for
During the Crusades, further infusions of Arab blood were
made. In the early 1800s the French Government''s Stud at La Pin introduced
further Arab blood into the Percheron breed by covering selected mares with two
outstanding grey Arab sires. Now all contemporar
Djerma horses are from Western Africa and the middle of the
Niger. They originated from Barb and Dongola horses. The name Djerma comes from
the tribes people of Djerma. To own a Djerma horse, in Africa, is considered a
sign of wealth. These horses are held in high esteem in Africa especially by
the tribes people. Their owners adorn the animals with colorful fabrics,
fringes, braids, etc. The riders adorn themselves, as well. These horses can be
seen "decked out" in parades festooned with the royal colors of red,
burgundy, purple and blue.
They are dark colored -usually brown.
Their build is light. Although they are small they are fine
runners. Because they are smaller and have a good temperament, some are
Dole Gudbrandsdal (also known as Dolahest or Dole) horses
originated in the Gudbrandsdal Valley near the North Sea coast of Norway. It is
likely that the Friesian played a part in the breeding of the Dole. The
Friesians traded heavily with Britain, Norway, and the Rhine Delta during the
period from 400 to 800 A.D.
The Dole horse of today is found in two types: a heavy work
horse and a light draft horse (the cold-blooded trotter). The difference
between the two types has been greatly reduced in recent years due to
interbreeding between the types. This interbreeding is now becoming very common
and the breed is becoming very uniform.
The heavy type of Dole horses are tested for pulling power
and trotting w
Don horses come from Russia. They are the spawn of one of
the most famous horse styles to come from the early eighteen hundreds, the
Cossacks, well known Russian warhorses that were built and bred for being
strong, tempered, and very good during a battle. They however, were originally
designed to be a smaller horse, but as time progressed they were made much
larger. In fact, they were given blood lines from Arab styles as well as
Karabakh versions to make a larger, more impacted horse. Quickly, they became
recognized as one of the most popular breeds in the Russian military. Today
they are well known for being resilient and able to take care of themselves.
Don horses are used for riding and harness wo
Dongola (also known as Dongolah or Dongolawi) horses
originated in the Sudan in the Dongola Province, Egypt and Eritrea. It is also
thought that they descended from the Iberian horses that were taken to Egypt
from what is now Algeria, in the 13th century.
They are taller than Arab horses, but related. They have a
fiery temperament like the Arab and lots of spirit. They have large, long heads
which tend to be narrow, a convex profile, flat crops, poorly attached loins,
and thin legs. Their chest is flat and high. They are a deep reddish bay, black
and chestnut with white markings on the face, lower legs and tail. They tend to
be 15-15.2 hands high. Much of this is from poor breeding management. Some of
Dosanko horses, also known as Hokkaido washu, are a popular
Japanese breed of horse. It is believed that Dosanko horses were brought to
Hokkaido, Japan, by fishermen from Honshu during the Edo period (1600–1867).
They were used for transportation, but were left in Hokkaido when the fishermen
returned home in autumn. The ponies were expected to survive in very harsh
weather, in a land with very little vegetation, covered with snow, which is how
the Hokkaido pony developed its exceptional enduring strength for which it is
Unlike the Nanbu breed, of which the Hokkaido pony is
considered to be a descendant, and which no longer exists, the Dosanko is the
most plentiful of the remaining ancient
Drum horses were originally used by the Queen of England for
her ceremonial band. They had to be large and sturdy enough to carry large
kettle drums during any type of pageantry. This meant that they were required
to carry a great deal of weight through crowds of people. The mounted drummers
needed their hands free to play, so they controlled their animals via reins
attached to their stirrups.
They are an elegant heavy horse that utilizes the finest
examples of the shire, Clydesdale, and gypsy cob breeds. On average they are 16
In the US drum horses are favored more as riding and
competition horses, both mounted and driving. They make sturdy, athletic mounts
with a level head.
Dülmen Ponies are the only remaining pony of German origin
that has always lived in completely natural conditions.
Their bloodlines date back more than 600 years in
Westphalia, Germany where there have always been pockets of land for them to
roam. Over time their territories were shaped by the urban growth, until the
mid 19th century when the Duke of Croy had them rounded up and taken to a
Dülmen Ponies are hardy and robust. They are generally 12 to
13 hands high. They have a short stout neck with a compact body.Their legs are short and and their
hindquarters are steeply sloped. They are found in chestnut, black, bay, and
They are good natured, intelligent, and eas
Dutch Harness, or Tuigpaard, horses are a warmblood type of
fine driving horse that has been developed in the Netherlands since the end of
World War II. Their studbook is kept by the Koninklijk Warmbloed
Paardenstamboek Nederland (Royal Warmblood Horse Studbook of the Netherlands)
or KWPN. They are based on native Groningen and Gelderland horses, which were
formerly indispensable in agriculture and transportation services. Strict
selection procedures and a clear breeding aim enabled breeders to produce a
refined, high-stepping horse within a few decades. While with 40 sires and
fewer than 2,000 broodmares the population is not large, Dutch Harness Horses
are highly recognizable. In the past few years, a handful have come to North
Dutch Warmblood horses are exceptional sport horses that have
recently been prominent in the international equestrian. Some of the Dutch Warmblood
superstars include Calypso, Next Milton, Big Ben, Ampere, Ommen, Zucarlos, Linky,
Eastern Sunrise, Pascal, Ideaal and many more.
Dutch Warmblood horses are sport horses that have evolved from
Dutch Gelderlander and Groningen horses. Gelderlander horses come from the light sandy soils of
central Holland; they are a stylish chestnut horse of medium stature. Groningen
horses come from the heavy clay soils of northern Holland and are a large, heavy,
In the heyday of coaching in the 19th century, horses were imported
to Europe from England - the Nor
East Bulgarian horses are an elegantly-built light horse
that developed over the last 100 years. They are used mainly for under saddle
and light draft work, and are well-suited for a variety of competitive sports,
ranging from dressage to eventing.
They began develop at the end of the 19th century at the
"Kabiuk" stud farm (former Vassil Kolarov) near Shumen and at stud
farm in Bozhurishte near Sofia, in Bulgaria, by crossing local horses with
Arabians, Anglo-Arabians, Thoroughbreds, and English half-breds. Once
established, only additional Thoroughbred blood was added to improve their quality.
They were officially recognized as a breed in 1951.
They generally stand 15 to 16 hands
Einsiedler (also known as Swiss Anglo Norman or the Swiss
Half Bred) are blooded horses horses from Switzerland. They have been in
circulation since the tenth century. They were developed at the Benedictine
Abbey of Einsiedeln with Schwyer Horses, a local stock establishment. Around
the middle of the sixteenth century, they founded their very own studbook. They
became so popular that by the middle of the seventieth century a new studbook
was in rotation created by Father Isidor Moser. They were recreated by
utilizing mares of Anglo Norman decent and ones of Holstein roots to formulate
a breed referred to as Bracken horses. Some breeders continued their efforts of
crossing the blood lines and went on experimenting with Swedish lines
Eriskay ponies originated from the Outer Hebrides (an island chain off the west coast of mainland
Scotland). They are considered a very pleasing type of horse and also
quite strong. They can be used for harness work, riding, and are the ideal
breed for little ones to learn how to ride. They can be found in Scotland,
Ireland, United Kingdom, Wales, and the northern parts of France.
The locals, the Pict community of people, were very eager to
raise and breed this animal. They have received their unique name from where
they are from, the Eric’s Isle or otherwise known as the Eriskay area located
in Scotland. It''s very common to see Eriskay horses grazing there. The crofters
was just one group that was very fond of
This pony comes originally
from Lazio, (the Monti Ausoni and Monti Aurunci area, bridging the provinces of
Frosinone and Latina).
It was called the “Pony
of Esperia” after the Baron Ambrogio Roselli di Esperia who undertook its selective
In the past it was used
for carrying light loads and for its meat. It was only in 1962 that it was officially
recognized as a distinct breed and after thirty years it was added to the official
register at the “Associazione Provinciale Allevatori di Frosinone” (Association
of Breeders in the Province of Frosinone).
These are wild horses,
but once they are trained they show an equable temperament in the company of adults
and children and are suitable for u
Estonian horses (also known as Estonian native, Estonian
Klepper, or natively Eesti hobune) are a relatively small horse. The Estonian
horse has influenced several Baltic horse breeds, including Tori horses. They
are strong and are resistant against sickness.
Estonian Horses are descended from the primitive forest
horses that lived in Northern Europe more than 5,000 years ago, and are
considered the progenitor of other breeds such as the North Swedish Horse and
the Dole Gudbrandsdal. They have retained its qualities and looks due to little
influence by other horse breeds. However, it is believed that they became mixed
with the now extinct Oland Horse, as large numbers of Oland Horses were
exported to Estonia at one poin
Estonian horses (also known as Estonian native, Estonian
Klepper, or natively Eesti hobune) are a relatively small horse. The Estonian
horse has influenced several Baltic horse breeds, including Tori horses. They
are strong and are resistant against sickness.
Estonian Horses are descended from the primitive forest
horses that lived in Northern Europe more than 5,000 years ago, and are
considered the progenitor of other breeds such as the North Swedish Horse and
the Dole Gudbrandsdal. They have retained its qualities and looks due to little
influence by other horse breeds. However, it is believed that they became mixed
with the now extinct Oland Horse, as large numbers of Oland Horses were
exported to Estonia at one poin
Exmoor ponies are an English breed that has many practical
uses. They are described as hardy, tough, and rather pleasant. They can be used
for riding, in competitions, and also in races. They are found in Scotland,
Ireland, Wales, France, and the United Kingdom (especially in the Exeter region).
They are considered very sweet and agile.
Exmoor ponies are around twelve hands tall and are bred in
brown shades. They have a smaller head considering their size and also have
tough ribs. They are short creatures with strong feet. Compact and sturdy for
their many useful purposes, they are neat and possess a unique muzzle.
Falabella horses origanted in Argentina and was developed by
an Irish settler named Patrick Newell. Mr. Newell came across a group of horses
that were freely roaming the open land. He created a herd and over time went on
to give the herd to his son-in-law, Juan Falabella. The breed gained their name
from this family ownership and passed down from generation to generation in the
Falabella family. They were designed to be horses that were small enough to be
enjoyed with children, but independent enough to help on ranches and even be
used as work horses.
Falabella horses are used for riding, in competitions, and
for showing. They do very well on large farms and in smaller, fenced-in areas
as pets. They are gentle and very w
Faroe Ponies (also known as Faroese Island Horses or Danish
Ponies), are small ponies, they are between 115 cm -125 cm tall. Because of
their height technically they are a pony, but people on the Faroe Islands call
them horses, because of their strength.
Faroe horses are an iconic image of the Faroe Islands. They
have been on the Faroe Islands for many hundred years. In the 1960s there were
approximately 5 - 6 horses left on the Faroe Islands because of the huge export
on horses to the mines in the United Kingdom. With a huge effort, that number
has now increased to about 50 horses and the aim is to maintain and develop
They are mainly brown, red, and black. They are very hardy,
Fell horses are considered very hardy and strong. Fell
horses come from England, primarily in the Lake District areas but they can be
found in Scotland, England, Ireland, Wales, and France. They are generally used
for riding and harness work. Some of them have very distinct markings, such as
a white star or black marking on their heads. They are simple to upkeep since
they can reside in warm or cold climates. They also do not require many
supplies to be maintained for most of the day.
They are closely related to Dales horses and were founded
upon the Pennine Pony styles. Pennine versions were quite popular for many
decades in England, and once the Romans moved into the territories, they were
Ferghana horses were one of Chinas earliest major imports,
originating in an area in Central Asia.
Dayuan, north of Bactria, was a nation centered in the
Ferghana Valley of present day Central Asia, and even as early as the Han
Dynasty, China projected its military power to that area. The Han imperial
regime required Ferghana horses and imported such great numbers of them that
the rulers of Ferghana closed their borders to such trade. That move resulted
in a war that China won. In 102 CE, the Chinese required of the defeated
Ferghana that they provide at least ten of their finest horses for breeding
purposes, and three thousand Ferghana horses of ordinary quality. However,
there are other views: the Records of the Grand
Finnish Universal horses, also known as Finnhorses, are consider
the breed capable of fulfilling all of Finlands horse needs, including
agricultural and forestry work, harness racing, and riding. They are found in
Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark.The Finn people are rather proud of finnish
Universal horses as they have been given the reputation as being some of the
fastest in history.
During the Bronze Age there were definitely horses roaming
around, but it has been rumored this was one of those styles. The local army
utilized the breed over and over again on various tasks and missions. Once the
studbook was created in 1907, they were outlawed to perform anymore out
crossing. That studbook went on to be di
The Finnish Warmblood
breeding association was founded in 1926 with the intention of breeding a
warmblooded riding horse that could be used for both sport and military
service. The goal was an elegant, modern horse with good balance, athletic
movement and solid character.
After their calvary needs
were finished, demand for them declined, as did their numbers. Today’s Finnish
warmblood, like most European warmbloods is used primarily for sporting
Fjord horses are one of the
oldest horse breeds in the world. They are believed to be related to Przewalski
(primitive Asiatic Wild Horses), but their exact origin is unclear. The Vikings
used Fjord horses as their war mounts. Spending many centuries in mountainous
terrain resulted in Fjord horses developing into a strong, sure-footed horse,
well adapted to the severe weather conditions needing very little care. They
proved to be the perfect pack horse on mountain trails and well suit for light
draught work on hilly farms.
The first Fjord horse stud
book was published in 1910. The Fjord horse is very popular in Denmark and can
also be found in Germany and England.
Fleuves are strong and hardy horses from Senegal. They are
related to Barb Horses. They can withstand extreme temperatures of cold and
heat. They were bred to be work horses to carry packs, transport, and work in
agriculture--even though they are a light breed. In the equestrian world they
live longer, are really hardy, easy keepers, and have an excellent immune
system. They range in size from pony size to horse size, however, 14 hands is
the most common height.
Their color tends to be gray like their Barb ancestors. They
do, however, come in other colors, as well, such as brown or bay. They are a
rare breed and are mostly seen in Senegal.
Florida Cracker horses (also known as as Chicksaw Pony,
Seminole Pony, March Tackle, Grass Cut, Prairie Pony, and the ever popular
Florida Cow Pony) originated in Florida, USA. They can found in Florida, Georgia,
and Alabama.They are known for being smaller (around 14 hands), attractive,
very smart, and having a big personality.
Some experts believe they were brought over from Cuba, which
would certainly account for their smaller size. They, like some other famous
southern breeds, have an unusual gait that comes naturally to them (a
single-footed gait referred to as the ‘coon rack’).
They did very well over the years, but did suffer from a
decrease in popularity when the Quarter Horse came about. Som
Fouta, also known as a Foutanke, are a light horse from
Senegal in West Africa. They are a composite of Fleuve and MBayar Ponies.
While most Senegalese horses are relatively lightly built,
owing to their common Arabian ancestry, there are some more heavily framed
animals. These prove less stressed by the constant pulling of heavily laden
Frederiksborg horses, are from Denmark, and may be the
oldest horse breed in history. During the Renaissance, they were popular with
the elite or wealthy as a status symbol and as a sign of luxury. Originally,
they were developed solely for carriage pulling. Once they displayed their
ability to be used for many other purposes and proved their strength, they
increased in popularity rather quickly. Beginning in the middle of the fifteen
hundreds, the Royal Frederiksborg Stud was developed by King Frederik II.
However, for a time the Arabian horses were more popular. It was until the
eighteen hundreds that they because as popular again. They were even exported
continuously, becoming a moving force in the warm blood forms, as well as t
Freibergers (also known as the Franches-Montagnes) are a
draft horse from Switzerland. They were widely used as draft and pack horse in
the Swiss army. Breeding used to be heavily subsidized in Switzerland.
Freibergers are the last representative of the light cold blood horse in
Europe. Each year at the Marche Concours in Saignelegier, on the second weekend
in August, Freibergers demonstrate how versatile they are in a variety of shows
and competitions. Due to their character, willingness, and versatility, they
are suitable for both driving and riding; they are a popular mount.
They were developed by crossing native Bernese Jura horses
with English Thoroughbreds, Anglo-Norman, Ardennais, and Arabian ho
French Saddle Pony
French Riding Ponies (also known as French Riding Pony or Pony
Francais de Selle) usually stands 13.2-14.2hh at the withers. The pony can be
of any color except cream with blue eyes. They are versatile and athletic and
are an excellent mount for the entire family- children and adults alike. They
must be balanced, broad chested, have good shoulders, a good top line, and good
withers. Their legs must have no conformation faults. The back must be strong.
They have forward moving, smooth gaits and good jumping ability. The ponies are
extremely hardy. The French Riding Pony has a good temperament. This pony is
much like the German Riding Pony and the English Riding Pony.
They were developed by crossing native French pony
French Saddlebred (also known as French Saddlebre, Cheval de
selle français, French Saddle Horse, French Warmblood, Corlais) horses are
considered a light riding horse and found throughout France. The breed was
developed in the 1950s.
They are known for being energetic, friendly, good-tempered,
patient, and quiet. They are best known for performing general riding and
Horses in France first began to be selectively bred for
trotting races in the early to mid-1800s. The French Trotter developed primarily
from Norman stock which was crossed with English Thoroughbred and half-bred
hunter types, Norfolk Roadster, and some American Standardbred. The French
Trotter is sometimes referred to as a Norman Trotter, due to the influence of
the Old Norman horse on the breed''s development.
The early Trotters were rather heavier and coarser than they
are now, bearing a greater resemblance to their Normandy ancestors, but
infusions of Thoroughbred blood have greatly refined the. Early significant
influences on the development of the breed were by the stallion Young Rattler,
foaled in 1811,
Friesian horses, or Frizian horse,are a horse breed
that originated in Friesland, which certainly makes sense. FYI: Friesland is in
the Netherlands. They are used both in harness and under saddle and most recently
they are being used in dressage.
They are black with
some occasional white marking; however, the only white marking allowed on a studbook-registered
horse is a small star. They are 15.2 to 16.0 hands tall on average and weight 1300
Friesian horses have the
conformation of a light draught horse; however, they are very graceful and nimble
for their size. There is some evidence that during the Middle Ages, ancestors of
Friezian horses were in popular as war horses
The breeding of Friesian Crosses has become increasingly
popular in the United States, with various registries often being created to
recognize certain specific crosses. Friesian crosses may be considered sport
horses (suitable for the sports of dressage, combined driving, eventing, and
jumping), or they may be considered pleasure horses.
Some popular crosses include Friesians crossed with draft
horses (primarily Percherons), Morgans (Friesian/Morgan is known as a
"Moriesian"), Arabians, Andalusians (Friesian/Andalusian is known as
a "Warlander"), Paints, Saddlebreds (Friesian/Saddlebred is known as
a "Georgian Grande"), Thoroughbreds, and Tennessee Walkers
(Friesian/Tennessee Walker is known as a "Friewalker."
Friesian Sporthorses are a Friesian crossbred sport horse. Ideally
Friesian Sporthorses are specifically bred to excel in FEI-recognized sport horse
disciplines. Thus, "sporthorse" refers to the phenotype, breeding, and
intended use of these horses.
Friesian Sporthorses can come in a variety of colors and sizes,
with no limitations on acceptable colors or markings. Their body type can range
from a sport horse build to a heavier more Baroque build. A higher-set and more
arched neck is also common among Friesian Sporthorses. They tend to have the gentle
temperament and striking appearance of the Friesian, but with an increased athleticism,
stamina, and hybrid vigor, when responsibly crossbred. They are most commonly used
Furioso, or Furioso-North Star, horses were developed at the
Mezohegys farm, Hungary, in 1784. One of the foundations sires was
"Furioso" who was an English Thoroughbred stallion. Furioso was born
in 1836 and set for stud in 1841. Another foundation sire was "North
Star" who was born in 1844. He was set for stud in 1850, at age six. His
bloodlines could be traced to Norfolk roadsters and he was descended from a
1793 Derby winner, "Waxy," grandson of "Eclipse." The mares
were mostly Nonius. The descendants of North Star were excellent harness race
horses. The two lines merged around 1885 and the Furioso progeny dominated. The
offspring of Furioso had more thoroughbred blood and made better riding horses.
Galiceno horses were developed in Mexico, from horses
imported by Hernan Cortes, mostly thought to be Portuguese Garrano and Galician
Ponies of Spain. It is thought that Sorraia blood was added at some point in
the breed''s history. The ancestors of the Galiceno were among sixteen horses
landed by Cortes during his Mexican invasion in 1519 for use in the mines and
as transport. During the rest of the 16th century, conquistadors continued to
bring horses into what is now Mexico, including many small-framed,
smooth-gaited horses. Many of these horses eventually escaped or were released
and formed feral bands in Mexico''s mountainous interior. Over the next few
centuries, local inhabitants began to catch and use horses from the increa
Galician Ponies are from Galicia, in the northwest of Spain.
The region has a very wet climate and numerous low mountains.
They are a mix of Celtic horses, Roman horses, and horses
brought to Spain by the Suevos. More recently they have been crossbred with
other breeds. Despite their ethnic heterogeneity (three types of Galician
ponies can be found in different parts of Galicia) the main characteristics are
their straight profile, linear proportions, height of between 1.20 and 1.30
meters, and a chestnut coat. An interesting characteristic of one of the three
types is the long mustache which appears on the upper lips of the older mares.
They are large for a pony, but smaller than a horse. They
are rugged and h
Galloway ponies are an extinct horse breed, once native tornScotland and northern England. It was said that they had "good looks, arnwide, deep chest, and a tendency to pace rather than trot." They were a well known type of pony, first noted inrnEnglish literature when Shakespeare referred to "Galloway nags" inrnHenry IV part II.
A survey in 1814 stated: The province of Galloway formerlyrnpossessed a breed of horses peculiar to itself, which were in high estimationrnfor the saddle, being, though of a small size, exceedingly hardy and active.rnThey were larger than the ponies of Wales, and the north of Scotland, and rosernfrom twelve to fourteen hands in height. The soils of Galloway, in theirrnunimproved state, are evid
Garrano do Minho
Garrano (also known as Minho, Minho, or Tres os Montes)
horses are an ancient breed, descended from the same stock as the famous
Sorraias. Sorraias live mainly between the two rivers Sor and Raia, while
Garranos lives in North-Portugal, so they developed differently according to
their habitats. Garranos mainly lives in the fertile regions of Minho and
Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, and have probably had more outside blood influence
It is generally believed that the Garrano is one of the
ancestors to Andalusian and Galician Ponies. Recently, they have had infusions
of Arabian blood, implemented by the Portuguese Ministry of Agriculture. This
has refined the breed, but the ponies have also begun to l
Gayoe (also known as Kuda-Gayo) Ponies are from the island
of Sumatra, Indonesia. Their name is derived from the Gayoe hills in the north
of the island. Gayoe ponies are one of eight breeds native to Indonesia, the
others are the Batak Pony, Deli pony, Bali Pony, Java Pony, Sumba and Sumbawa
Pony (and closely related Sandalwood Pony) and Timor Pony.
Gayoe ponies are generally solidly colored. They are a dark
bay shade commonly called "brown." Skewbalds are often seen, as well.
Adults are approximately 12.2 hands (114 cm) tall at the withers, and
are primarily used for transportation on Sumatra, and the 1997 FAO Breed Survey
indicated that the breed has a stable population
Gelderlander horses are from The Netherlands. Originally
they were bred for the solely for ram work, but over time they were bred with
Thoroughbred horses, as well as other breeds such as Anglo Norman, Hackney, and
Oldenburgs. Over time they have been used for farm work, for competitions, as
carriage horses, military use, and even transporting heavy loads. Today they can
be found in The Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, and Amsterdam.
They have a convex profile, are 16 hands tall, and are
incredibly strong. They also have a high set tail with a long mane and good
feet. They are bred for chestnut and gray.
Georgian Grande horses are crossbreeds bwteen Friesian and
Saddlebred horses. The aim of the breeding is to create a Saddlebred-like horse
that adds the best qualities of heavier breeds. They are intelligent, alert,
proud but always calm and quiet. They are also aasy to train and very willing
The first attempts to create a new, heavier Saddlebred-type
breed were made in the 1970s by George Wagner Jr, in Piketon, Ohio. His
ambition was to recreate the stockier, sturdier look of the Saddlebred of older
times, such as the animals used as cavalry mounts during the American Civil
War. He considered this the original type of the Saddlebred horse instead of
the prevailing modern, lighter type. Wagner''s breed
German Riding Pony
German Riding Ponies (or Deutsche Reitpony) is a very
popular pony breed from Germany. They are described as a "miniature
warmblood" with refined, horse-like characteristics that make them
suitable as both a children''s pony and as a mount for sport horse competitions.
German Riding Ponies have a phenotype very similar to that
of a full-sized horse. Only their head is pony-like, giving the appearance of
having a pleasant manner and friendly disposition. They are bred to be handled
by children and adolescents. They are suited for both dressage and jumping.
Their development began around 1965, with a crossbreeding of
various English pony breeds, especially Welsh ponies, on Arabians,
Also known as the "Cavallino della Giara" (The little horse of Giara), it is originally from the highland region of the same name, in Sardinia. Little is known about its origins. Probably it was brought into Sardinia by the Greeks in the 5th or 4th century B.C., at the time of the nuraghe. It is accustomed to grazing free in its difficult native terrain. To save the horse from extinction a breeding and re-populating center was set up in 1971, at Foresta Burgos in Sardinia. This was established by the â€œIstituto dirnIncremento Ippico di Orzieriâ€ (the Orzieri Institute for Horse Breeding) and used horses selected from the grazing herds.
This breed is tough, strong and agile. It can be used for herding sheep or, if well-trained it ma
Golden American Saddlebred
Officially the Golden Saddlebred color was infused in the
American Saddlebred Horse Association through a horse by the name of Pat
Cleburne, who was foaled in 1864. According to the Palomino Horse Breeders of America,
the first golden Saddlebred registered was Pot O'' Gold, later known as
Richardson''s Pot O'' Gold. This horse was foaled in 1939 and was bred by S.A.
Clift of Waxahachie, TX, and registered with the ASHA as Clift''s Pride.
What does one look for in a Golden American Saddlebred?
First and foremost, is conformation. A beautifully shaped, well-proportioned
head is a must. The ears are small, alert, and placed at the top of the head.
The neck is long, and well-ar
Gotland Ponies (also known as Russ or Skogsruss ponies) are
believed to be descended from pre-historic horses that migrated west from the
plains of Asia. They are indigenous to the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea
off the Swedish coast. In the 1800s Oriental blood was introduced to the
Until recently, with the coming of mechanization, the
Gotland pony was extensively used by Swedish farmers for light draft work.
Their relatively great strength and endurance adapted it to such work. At this
time, there remains a herd of non-domesticated Gotland ponies. They live on the
island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea off the Swedish coast in a forest at
Gotland Ponies stand 12
Groningen horses, also known as Groningse Paard, are from
Groningen horses are very strong and purposeful. They are
also willing and reliable. Commonly, they are used as a harness animal and for
riding. They are mostly bred in black, browns, and bay colors, they are around
16 hands tall. They have a convex profile and have very muscular quarters. They
are found in Germany, The Netherlands, Belgium, Amsterdam, Groningen, and other
lands around the North Sea.
In the beginning, they were created to be used for farming
purposes. Buy by the later part of the nineteenth century; they were virtually
extinct as their predecessor, the Dutch Warmblood, grew closer to taking
Gypsey Vanner horses (also known as Irish Cob, Colored Cob, Gypsy
Cob, Tinker Horse, and Gypsy Horses) originated in the British Isles. They are a
small, solidly-built horse of cob conformation and are often, but not always, piebald
or skewbald. They are the only broken-colored horse breed of the British Isles,
and are particularly associated with the Pavee and Roma travelling peoples of Britain
From about 1850 travelling people in the British Isles began
to use a distinct type of horse to pull their vardos, the caravans in which they
had just begun to live and travel. The color and look of the breed were refined
in the years after the Second World War. Horses of this type were first exported
to the United Stat
Hackney horses (also known as Roadsters) were developed inrnEngland and greatly improved as a result of a mandate by King Henry VIII. Theyrnare considered one of the finest United Kingdom breeds. English society wantedrna horse that could carry their heads high, that could have an interesting gait and could have their knees lifted with ease. Hackney horses fit that demand andrnwere further bred to improve those features, often with the infusion of Arabrnblood lines. In the late eighteen hundreds, the Hackney horses began their veryrnown studbook and went on to be produced all over the entire world.
It is believed that Hackney horse got their name from thernFrench word ''Haquenee'', which means ''riding horse''. You can find them inr
Originating from Hafling called Avelengo in Italian), which is near Merano (South Tyrol). lso called Haflinger, Hafling Horse or Pony Avelignese. It is a very old breed even though it was officially founded in 1874, with its present characteristics from the coupling of an indigenous horse with the stallion El Bedavi (perhaps of erber origin).
In the past they werernwidely used for agricultural work, and although they are still used for tose purposes it is much appreciated today for agro-tourism riding, and in many sporting disciplines.rnIt is a saddle horse.
In 1971 the National ssociation of Haflinger Horse Breeders - Italy was founded, and it was entrustedrnwith the management of the Stud Book from 1977 on. Today
Hagerman horses (Equus simplicidens), also called thernHagerman zebras or the American zebras, were a North American species of equinernfrom the Pliocene epoch and the Pleistocene epoch. It is one of the oldestrnhorses of the genus Equus and was discovered in 1928 in Hagerman, Idaho - it isrnthe state fossil of Idaho.
Hagerman horses first appeared about 3.5 million years ago. Theyrnwere approximately 110 - 145 centimeters (43 -57 inches) tall at the shoulder. Theyrnweighed between 110 and 385 kilograms (243 and 849 pounds). An average Hagermanrnhorse was about the same size as an Arabian horse. They also were relativelyrnstocky with a straight shoulder a
Hanoverian Horses (German: Hannoveraner) are one of the mostrnwell-loved and wide-spread of the European warmbloods, and they have made arnname for themselves in Grand Prix competitions and the Olympic Games.
Hanoverian horses were established in Celle, Germany in 1735rnby George II, King of England (1727-1760). They were initially refined withrnThoroughbred blood, giving their movement more freedom and lightness. The idealrnresult was a horse swift and strong enough for competitions while remainingrntough enough for general work. By the end of the 18th century there wererndetailed logs of bloodlines which were carefully monitored. During thernNapoleonic Wars much of the Celle stock was depleted, however it picked uprnagain after 1
Heck horses wererndeveloped to resemble the now extinct Tarpan horses. They were created by the German zoologist brothers Heinz Heck andrnLutz Heck, director of the Berlin Zoo, at the Tierpark Hellabrunn (Munich Zoo)rnin Germany. The first foal born from the program was a colt born on May 22 1933 at the Tierpark Hellabrunn.
The Heck brothers believed that they could recreate the extinct tarpan subspeciesrnby back breeding living descendants. They felt that they could combine andrnrearrange the genetic material from these living descendants into a recreationrnof the extinct horse.
They bred together several European small horse and pony breedsrnreputed to be descended from the tarpan. They used mares of the Konik Icelandic
Heihe horses originated in Heihe City, China. Heihe isrnsituated alongside Heilongjiang, a well-known river basin. The primary sourcesrnof livelihood for the inhabitants of Heihe include transportation andrnagriculture -- horses are important in the accomplishment of both tasks.
Heihe is a place where the temperature is ratherrnunpredictable. This has made the Heihe breed relatively adaptive to suddenrnshifts in temperature. Since they are well-adapted to variable climates andrnthey can combat diseases well. Unless overtaxed and overworked, they stayrnstrong and healthy.
Mongolian horses were initially sent to Heihe city by thernSoulun nation. This was followed by Russians sending horses of an unknown breedrnafter 1910. Orl
Henson (French: Cheval Henson or Cheval de Henson) horsesrnare from the area of the Baie de Somme in Picardy (now part ofrnHauts-de-France), in north-eastern France. Unlike the majority of French horsernbreeds, the Henson was created in the late 20th century with the goal to obtainrna hardy horse adapted to all forms of equestrian tourism, outdoor riding andrnleisure.
Near the end of the 1970s, horse riding was oriented towardsrnoutdoor recreation for nature-loving families. This promoted pony trekking asrnwell as driving. This trend implied the search for a leisure horse suited inrnregions such as the Somme, where equestrian tourism became popular in the arearnof the Baie de Somme.
In 1974, the birth of two foals, half Fjor
Hequ, or Hequl, horses are found in the Qinghai Province ofrnChina and are used as a pack and draft animal as well as for riding and racing.rnHequ means "river zig." They originated in the border area ofrnQinghai, Sichuan, and Gansu provinces where the Yellow River makes a largern"zig." Prior to 1954 the breed was known as Nanfan which is oftenrnmisapplied to the Tibetan horse. During the T''ang dynasty the Hequ horse was arnfavored spoil of war in the region.
During the T''ang dynasty (618-917) the emperor established arnlarge horse facility to develop the calvary. To do so he imported large numbersrnof horses from western Asian countries to use on the local Tibetan stock. Chiefrnamong the breeds influencing the Hequ were an
Reliable sources for local breeds in Hessen did not exist.rnThere was no state breeding as it was all based on the local farmers in thernformer centuries. The princely stables bred with imported breeds according tornthe period''s fashion and for their own use only, creating no unique breed type.rnThe only exception was the Beberbeck stud which existed until 1929 and had arngood name for noble half-breeds.
After being included in the Prussian stud agency in 1866 thernHessian breeders could not compete with the more important breeds of the otherrnPrussian provinces. Therefore the rural breeders concentrated upon the breedingrnof draft horses, as those were in large demand. The still existing warmbloodrnbreeding which was based
Highland Ponies originated in the Highlands of Scotland andrnthe islands off Scotlandâ€™s west coast. It is believed that they had lived therernfor thousands of years. Starting from about the 6th century the Dukes of Atholrnwere influential breeders of the Highland Pony and introduced eastern blood torncreate a hardy, sure footed, and long lived pony suitable for the harshrnenvironment. Their strength and sturdy built made the Highland Pony a popularrnchoice as an army mount, in harness work hauling timber, as a mount forrnshepherds, and as a pack horse for deer stalkers to carry the shot stagsrnweighing more than 101kg (16 stones) into the hills and back.
In 1923 the Highland Pony Society was founded and untilrnrecently the breed
According to Pakistan''s Agricultural Department, thernoriginal stock of the Hirzai breed is said to have been derived from a marernowned by the Rind chief named Shol, by an Arabian stallion belonging to arnEuropean military officer who accompanied the contingent of Shah Shujah al-Mulkrnthrough Shoran in the first Anglo-Afghan War of 1839. Representative animalsrnare still owned by His highness Suleman Dawood Khan of Kalat.
The predominant color of the Hirzai is gray or white. Thernhead is handsome with a broad forehead; the neck is medium in length, muscular and arched; the body is compact with a short back and well-muscled loins; therncroup is level; the shoulders are well sloped and powerful; the forearms arernstrong, but
Hispano-Breton horses were developed by crossing native PurarnRaza Espanola horses with imported Breton draught horses. They are found mainlyrnin two separate areas of northern Spain: Castile and Leon and parts ofrnneighbouring Cantabria; and the Pyrenees of Catalonia. They are listed in thernCatalogo Oficial de Razas de Ganado de Espana in the group of autochthonousrnbreeds in danger of extinction.
Holsteiner horses originatedrnin Germany several centuries ago and are probably the oldest German warmbloodrnhorse. Holsteiner horses have German, Neapolitan, Spanish, and orientalrnbloodlines and were very popular in the 17th century in Italy, France, andrnDenmark. During the 19th century Holsteiner horses were crossed with YorkshirernCoach Horses and Cleveland Bay stallions to produce a tough, active, handsomerncarriage horse with a willing nature and distinctive high knee action. The alsornbecome popular as an army mount.
In 1867 the Prussians founded the Traventhall Stud inrnSchleswig-Holstein where the breeding of modern day Holsteiner horses began.rnToday the main breeding center is located in Elmshorn, Germany. After World W
Hucul (also known as Carpathian, Huculska, Hutsul, Hutul Hutan or Huzul) ponies are small horses from the Carpathian Mountains. Theyrnhave a heavy build and possess great endurance and hardiness.
Hucul horses bear some resemblance to the now-extinct Tarpanrnhorse. They are named after the small ethnic group of Hutsuls; however, theyrnhave been around much longer the Hutsul people. Hucul horses are probablyrndepicted on the monuments erected by Roman Emperors Domitian and Trajan, asrnDacian draft horses. They were mentioned for the first time in writtenrnresources around 400 years ago (as the "Mountain Tarpan"). Unlike thernPolish Konik, the Hucul has been only rarely cross-bred with domestic horses.
In the 19t
Hungarian Sport Horses (Hungarian: Magyar sportlo) are a Hungarianrnbreed of sporting horse. Like the Furioso-North Star, the Gidran, and thernNonius, they were developed at the Hungarian State Stud at Mezohegyes, in BekesrnCounty in the Southern Great Plain region of south-eastern Hungary. At the endrnof 2012, their total number was reported to be 1091. The breeders'' associationrnis the Magyar Sportlotenyesztok Orszagos Egyesulete, or Association ofrnHungarian Sporthorse Breeders.
Iberian Warmbloods are sport horses that have a minimum ofrn25% Andalusian and/or Lusitano bloodlines from one or both of their parents.rnThe ancestors of these horses include the primitive Sorraia horse, which aroundrn900 B.C., was mixed with horses from Northern Africa. The Sorraia, perhaps thernoldest breed of horse, is depicted in early cave paintings found on the IberianrnPeninsula.
Breeders of dressage and show jumping horses have long beenrnseeking a way to breed a horse with greater sensitivity and a greater abilityrnfor the collection required for piaffe, passage, and jumping. The Iberian bloodrnstrengthens the horse''s soundness, athleticism, and versatility. When bred tornother breeds with the big stride for dressa
Icelandic horses are one of the oldest horse breeds in the world.rnThey were brought to Iceland by the first settlers from Norway, in the late ninthrnto early tenth centuries.
Due to the harsh climate and the lack of vegetation over morernthan one half of the country, the Icelandic horse had an extremely difficult existence.rnOnly the strongest and the fittest could survive.
As a result of a plague in Europe, Iceland quarantined itselfrnfor many years. In AD 930 a law was passed to ban the importation of horses andrnother animals into Iceland to keep out diseases. This had the effect of preservingrnthe purity of the Icelandic horses â€“ they have never been crossbred with other horsesrnand have remained pure for over a thous
Indian Country Bred Horse
Indian Country Bred is the common name for a inter-bredrnmixture of Bhutia Ponies, Spiti Ponies, and Tibetan Ponies. These animals havernbeen interbred for years so that many of the individual characteristics of the hutia and Spiti have been lost, and they now are categorized as "IndianrnCountry Bred." They originated in the Himalayan region of India, and arernnow found in the Buhtan, Sikkim, and Darjeeling regions of India.
They wre well suited to mountainous climate and terrain they are not as able to endure humidity and heat. In fact, they are given tornsun stroke and have trouble equalizing their internal temperature. A lack ofrnnutritious grasses generally affects the growth and development of thesernponies, although the
Iomuds are light horses from Turkmenistan. They are raisedrnin Turkmenistan, particularly in the velayat of Dasoguz; in Uzbekistan; inrnKarakalpakstan (now part of Uzbekistan); and in Iraq, Iran and Turkey.
Like other breeds of Turkmen horses - including Akhal-Teke, Ersari Goklan, Salor and Sarik - Iomuds are named for the Turkmen tribe that formed it the Iomud. Both the name of the horse and the name of the Turkmen clan may bernspelt in many ways, including Iomud, Yomud, Yamud and Yomut. The Iomud peoplernoccupy the northern part of modern Turkmenistan, from the eastern shores of thernCaspian Sea in the west to the area of Dasoguz, on the northern edge of thernKarakum Desert, in the north-east. They are principally concentrated in
Irish Draught horses are native to Ireland. They are a lightrndraught breed that was historically developed for work on farms. Today theyrnhave adapted to the ever-changing pace of equestrianism to become a very versatilernbreed. As a foundation breed of the Irish Sport Horse, the Irish Draughts temperamentrnmakes them easy to work with in any discipline. Along with characteristics of strength intelligence, courage, and light action they are an ideal equine to partner withrnfrom amateur to professional rider.
From the earliest times horses have always been a part of Irishrnlife. Over the years small active native horses were crossed with Norman horsesrnand Spanish Andalusian stallions to increase the size of the native breed. In add
The Irish Sport Horse is considered Irelands, most successfulrncompetition horse. The selective breedingrnof Draught bloodlines with Sport horse breeds and thoroughbred produces a trulyrnexceptional equine athlete that excels and competes to the very highest levels inrnequestrianism. Renowned worldwide for theirrnwonderful temperaments and wiliness to work rnthe Irish Sport horse is a horse of distinction.
The Irish Sport Horse is considered Irelandâ€™s most successfulrncompetition horse. The selective breedingrnof Draught bloodlines with Sport horse breeds and thoroughbred produces a trulyrnexceptional equine athlete that excels and competes to the very highest levels inrnequestrianism. Renowned worldwi
Italian Heavy Draft
Italian Heavy Draft, also known as Rapid Heavy Draft, horsernwere developed in the 19th and 20th centuries using both draft and light horsernbreeds, and are used mainly for heavy draft work and meat.
Italian Heavy Draft were developed starting in 1860 at thernDeposito Cavalli Stalloni stud in Ferrara, Italy. They were developed fromrncrossing native Po Delta stallions with Thoroughbred, Hackney, and Arabianrnhorses. Around 1900, weight was added to the breed with the addition of oulonnais, Ardennes, and Norfolk-Breton blood. The breeding programs sufferedrnduring World War II, but a careful crossbreeding program with Ardennes Percheron and Breton horses after the war brought the Italian Heavy Draft tornits current stat
Italian saddle horses arerna recent creation and are excellent horses for show jumping, dressage, eventing endurance. They were created by crossing many Italian breeds, with the Sardinian nglo-Arab predominating. The aim has been to obtain a horse with a noble appearancernand the robustness typical to the descendants of English thoroughbreds, and thernreliability of the Italian breeds.
Italian TPR Agricultural
Italian TPR AgriculturalrnHorses are draught horses, characterized by a heavy frame and great developmentrnof the muscles and the skeleton, are differentiated into slow heavy draught horses represented by the Belga breed, and fast heavy draught horses, represented by thernItalian Agricultural Horse. Thanks to its high speed of growth and the notable developmentrnof its muscle mass, these alter are also particularly appropriate for the productionrnof meat.
The Italian TPR AgriculturalrnHorse has its origin in the plane of Venice, Ferrara and Friuli. At first stallionsrnfrom Polesine were used, but later on English thoroughbred stallions were introduced along with Hackneys and Arab thoroughbreds. Around 1900 production was increasedrnb
The Italian Trotterrnis a harness racing horse developed over the last century by crossing Thoroughbredrnstallions with French (Norman) trotters, Russian Trotters and American Standardbredrnmares. The goal of the selection was to blend the speed of the Standardbred withrnthe stamina of the French Trotter. The result is a large, physically powerful horsernstanding up to 17 hands (68 inches, 173 cm) at the withers, with athletic abilityrnand capable of defeating Standardbreds on the race track.
The most famous Italianrntrotting horse is certainly "Varenne". He has won the equivalent of 6,400,000 eurosrnin prize-money.
He was born on May19THrn1995, the progeny of the stallion Waikiki Beach and the ma
Jaca Navarra (also known as Poney Navarro, Caballo Navarro Caballo Vasco-navarro, Caballito de Andia, Caballito de las Amescoas, orrnCaballito de la Barranca, Jaca de Montana, Raza de Pamplona, or RazarnPamplonica) are small horses from the Navarre region of northern Spain.
They are listed in the Catalogo Oficial de Razas de Ganadornde Espana in the group of autochthonous breeds in danger of extinction. Therntotal population of the Jaca Navarra has been variously estimated at 350 (inrn1999), 250 (in 2000), and 240 and decreasing (in 1997). In April 2011 the totalrnpopulation was reported to be 899, all of which were in Navarre. The breed isrnlisted by the FAO as Endangered.
Java ponies were developed on the island of Java inrnIndonesia. Most likely they are descended from wild forebears of Mongolian WildrnHorses. There are eight breeds native to Indonesia, the others are the BatakrnPony, Gayoe, Deli pony, Bali Pony, Sumba, and Sumbawa Pony, and Timor Pony. ThernDutch East India Company played a part in the development of many differentrnIndonesian breeds through their introduction of oriental horses. Their firstrnfactory was established on the island of Java during the 1500s and from thatrntime on they have imported harness and pack horses. A large part of the Java''srnheritage is due to the crossing of local stock with Arabian and Barb horsesrnthat were imported.
The average height is about 11.
Jejus (or Jejuma) are horses native to Jeju SpecialrnSelf-Governing Province, Republic of Korea. There is a diverse array of types each differently identified depending on their coat color. Jeju horses maturernwell in harsh conditions due to their strength and fitness. With an outstandingrntolerance of low temperatures, they have been mostly pastured without the needrnfor horse blankets or stables.
Jeju horses were once considered to be endangered. Followingrnthe nation''s industrialization period of the 1960s, Jeju horses becamernimpractical to use with the distribution of new agricultural machinery andrndevelopments in means of transportation. In response, the Government of thernRepublic of Korea designated the Jeju horse as Natura
Jutland horses originate from Denmark. They have beenrnrumored to have given the English Suffolk Punch horses their own history, butrnmany feel it may be the other way around. The Suffolk breed is considered thernlatter of the two, but also a more refined version. One stallion in particularrnnamed Oppenheim LXII was one of the Suffolk Punch variations that went on to bernimported to Denmark. Just six generations later down the line, the horse AldruprnMenkedal was given the label as being the founder of the breed. Virtually allrnJutland horses can be linked to the Hovding and the Prins of Jylland and theirrntwo sons. In 1928, Jutland horses were traded to buy the Copenhagen area breweryrncalled Carlsberg. During those ti
Kabarda, or Kabardin, horse is from the Caucasus, currentlyrnpart of the Kabardino-Balkaria region of Russia and Georgia. They have beenrnknown for at least 400 years, but their origins are probably as old as thernHittite civilization. They are noted for their endurance and ease to adapt inrndifficult environments.
Kabardas have been bred since the 16th century by mountainrntribesmen in the northern Caucasus, and are the product of centuries ofrnselective breeding for the ability to survive in harsh conditions. They werernformed from a combination of steppe, Karabakh, Arabian, and Turkmenian horses.rnThey are usually kept in herds, and are moved between mountain pastures in thernsummer and foothills areas in the winter.
Kaimanawa are wild horses from New Zealand. The first horsesrnarrived in New Zealand in 1814, and mobs of feral horses were reported as earlyrnas the 1870s. The principal (and only remaining) herds became established in thernNorth Island''s Central Plateau, where they became known in general as the "KaimanawarnWild Horses".
Because of increasing concern by the public for their supposedrndeclining numbers, a Committee, under the umbrella of the Forest Service, was formedrnin 1978 to look after the horses'' interests, and a protected area was establishedrnin 1981.
Subsequently, the Department of Conservation raised questionsrnregarding the impact of the horses on the environment in the area, noting that thernmajor threat to na
Karabair, or Karabairskaya, horses are a very old breedrnbased on ancient stock that has been documented as being in the Uzbekistan arearnbefore the Christian era.
It is likely that the Karabair developed through a mixturernof Arabian and Mongol blood, later influenced by the desert horse breeds fromrnthe neighboring countries, such as the Turkomene, and further infusions of Arabrnblood. Uzbekistan is still populated by a vast number of nomadic peoples whornhave been, through the years, the principal breeders of the Karabair. Theirrnlifestyles accounts for the number of different breeds which have gone towardsrnthe development of the Karabair. They have similarities to the Arab, especiallyrnin their innate toughness and endur
Karabakh horses are a mountain breed from Azerbaijan. Theyrnhave many of the same traits as some other breeds, such as the Arab and the khal-Teke. They are one of the very few breed that have a iridescent and shinyrncoat; like Akhal-Teke horses.
At one point Azerbaijan was invaded and the horses usedrnbecause the descendents of karabakh horses. Around the seventeen and eighteenrnhundreds, Karabakhs, numbering around four thousand. Soon, they became popular in Europe and Russia as well. In 2004, one of these horses earned themselves a speedrnof one minute and nine seconds for completing a one thousand meter sprint. Yourncan find theses horses in a place called Azerbaijan, but do keep in mind only arnchoice few out of t
Karacabey Horses originated in Turkey but became extinctrnduring the late 20th century.
After the establishment of Turkey as an independent nation the Turks bred horses they called Karacabey at the Karacabey Stud. They wererndeveloped by crossing a Turkish strain of Arabians bred specifically for racingrnwith the native Anadolu and Nonius breeds.
High quality show jumpers began to be imported from Francernand Germany, and the Karacabey breed was forgotten in favor of the exoticrnbreeds. Another reason for its decline was competition from motor vehicles; therngovernment decided there was no longer a need for this horse. The KaracabeyrnStud ceased all breeding of the Karacabey horse in 1980, and approximatelyrn3,000 ho
Karachay (also known as Karakachan Pony, Karatschai Pony Karatschaever, Karatschaewsker, orKarachaier) horses were developed in thernNorthern Caucasus. They came from the highland Karachay at the rise of Kuban.rnThey were developed by crossing regional horses with eastern stallions.rnKarachay horses are summered in rugged mountain country where there are largernchanges in temperature and humidity, and wintered in the foothill and plainsrnwith some hay feeding. These conditions made the Karachay horse strong-limbedrnand sturdy.
They were first bred for use in the military and agriculturernuse. They were bred by Karachays around the 14th-15th centuries in the climaticrnand geographical conditions of the North Caucasus. They were known
Kathiawari horses are from the Kathiawar Peninsula, India. Theyrnare similar to Marwari horses and are often confused with them.
Their ancestors arrived in the India via shipments made byrnmoguls that were well known masters in the Indian lands. They have a strong rabian horse bloodline present in them, and they certainly do look like one ofrnthe Arabian styles. The notorious Gujarat families at the time were the onlyrnones wealthy enough to own the Kathiawari horses. While they are brave creaturesrnand athletic as well, they are best used as a family pet. They were also oncernwar horses but only the strong survived since only the strongest horses leftrnafter battles were typically sent to breed. Currently, you can see them
Kazakh horses were developed by the Kazakh people, who livernmainly in Kazakhstan, but also in parts of China, Mongolia, Russia, andrnUzbekistan. Kaszakh horses are used mainly for riding and are known for theirrnhardiness and stamina.
This group of steppe horses was numerous as early as the 5thrncentury B.C. Since then Kazakh horses were influenced by many breeds -rnMongolian, Karabair, Arabian, and Akhal-Teke horses. In the late 20th century, Kazakhrnhorses have been improved by the Thoroughbred, Orlov Trotter and Don.
Kazakhstan horses are kept on pastures the year round. Theyrnare concentrated in western Kazakhstan. In this vast territory they have becomerndifferentiated into various ecological types
Kentucky Mountain Saddle
Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horses are from the U.S. state ofrnKentucky. They were developed as an all-around farm and riding horse.
They are related to the Tennessee Walking Horse and otherrngaited breeds, but their exact early history is unknown. Kentucky MountainrnSaddle Horses have a similar history to the Rocky Mountain Horse, and togetherrnare sometimes called "Mountain Pleasure Horses". The KentuckyrnMountain Saddle Horse was developed by farmers looking for a small horse thatrncould perform dual duty as a powerful work horse and comfortable riding horse.rnThey were used for long travel over rough terrain, and were developed to haverngentle temperaments so that they could be handled by young members of the farmrnfamilies. Today,
Kerry Bog Pony
Kerry Bogs are draft ponies from Ireland. They are traditionallyrnused for hauling peat fuel from bogs, as well as for general draught work onrnsmall holdings. They almost vanished during the twentieth century, declining tornas few as 40 known horses. Genetic analysis of the survivors by Weatherbysrnconfirmed unique genetic breed markers, and the breed is now recognized as thernIrish "Heritage Pony." Arncontrolled stud book and registry now exist, and numbers have recovered tornabout 400.
The mares are 10-11hh and stallions and geldings up torn11.2hh. They are commonly brown, brownish black, or bay, but may be any wholerncolour and chestnut, dun, and grey occur also. Their coat is long and dense easily capable of surviv
Kiger Mustangs arernwild horses found in southeaste Oregon, US. They are named afterrntheir natural habitat, mostly in the Kiger Canyon. They are related to Spanish horses brought to North America duringrnthe 1600â€™s and that until rescently, this bloodline was thought to be extinct.
As a result of a roundup of wild horses in 1997, the Bureaurnof Land Management (BLM) identified a group of horses with very similar traits.rnThey were separated and subject to genetic testing conducted by the Universityrnof Kentucky which showed that the bloodline is not extinct. Their numbers were estimated in 2013 to be 101 horses in both the Kiger andrnRiddle Mountain Horse Management Areas. Every 3-4 years the BLM conducts a wildrnhorse round
Kinsky, or Equus Kinsky, were Europe''s original sport horse.rnThey were bred until the middle of the 20th century in Bohemia, a part of thernmodern-day Czech Republic. At one time they were the most prominent breed in europe.
The development of the Kinsky horse is closely linked withrnthe history of the Chlumec branch of the Kinsky family and in particular CountrnOktavian Kinsky (1813 - 1896). The family of the Count had for decades bredrnThoroughbreds for horse racing or steeplechasing. The first known mention ofrnthe breed term "Kinsky horse" or the now-protected designationrn"Equus Kinsky" is from the year 1838, with the creation of mode sport horse stud book. Prior to 1838, the horses were known only as thernparticular h
Kirdi (also known as Mousseye, Cameroon, Lakka, Logone Mbai, and Mussey) ponies come from the Logone River in the sub-Sahel region ofrnCameroon (southwest Chad and northern Cameroon). They are named for thernMousseye tribe in southeastern Cameroon who raise them.
In 1826 they were first noted. It was not until 1926 that arndescription of these ponies was actually recorded. Not much research has beenrndone on them. The population has been rapidly declining and is in danger ofrnextinction. There have been no regimented breeding programs. However, in 1986rnthe Cameroon government created an Equine Program to safeguard the Kirdi Mousseye Pony) from extinction and to develop the horse industry in Cameroon.rnThere are some who believe th
Kisber Felver was developed at the Kisber Thoroughbred stud ranchrnin Hungary. Many race horses were produced by the stud, including an unbeatablernmare that is in the Guinness Book of World. The Kisber Felver horse breed wasrncreated over a hundred years ago from careful selection, and a controlledrnbreeding program to create a desirable sport horse in conformation, movement athletic ability, and temperament.
In 1947 after the end of World War II there were very few KisberrnFelver left in Hungary. 150 Kisber Felver horses were imported for the USrnRemount, but were sold at public auction in 1947 when the remount disbanded.rnUnlike other European imports such as the Lipizzaner, the imported Kisber Felversrnwere widely
Kiso Horse (or Kiso Uma) are small horses and one of the eight indigenous horse breedsrnof Japan. They are the only native horse breed from Honshu, the principalrnisland of Japan. Like most other Japanese native breeds, it is criticallyrnendangered.
Kiso Horses originates from the Kiso Valley and the KisornSanmyaku mountain range, in Nagano Prefecture, and the Higashimino region ofrnGifu Prefecture, in central Honshu. During the Meiji era (1868 - 1912) they werernseverely affected by the breeding program of the Imperial Japanese Army, whichrnwanted taller horses and ordered that Kiso stallions gelded, and only importedrnstallions be used to cover Kiso mares. After the Second World War only a fewrnpure-bred Kiso horses remained. Howe
Kladruber (or Kladrubsky kun) horses are the oldest Czechrnhorse breed, and today are considered very rare. Their main breeding center is thernNational stud farm Kladruby nad Labem in the Czech republic. Kladrubers havernbeen bred there for more than 400 years, which makes them one of the world''srnoldest horse breeds.
The Kladruby stud was founded in 1579 by Rudolf II as anrnImperial stud, at the Perlstein stables. The breed was based on importedrnSpanish (such as the Andalusian) and Italian horses, crossed with Neapolitan Danish, Holstein, Irish, and Oldenburg horses, in addition to heavy Czechrnbreeds. They were first developed to be a galakarosier (a heavy type ofrncarriage horse used to pull the imperial coach), usually
Knabstrupper Horses, also known as Knabstrup or TigerrnHorses, are a Danish breed of horse with an unusual range of coat coloration often with tiger-like stripes.
In 1812 Villars Lunn, owner of the manor house Knabstrupgaard bought from a butcher named Flaebe. Probably the mare was of Spanish origin but it looked very much like an English hunter type. The butcher had bought thernmare from a Spanish officer, stationed in Denmark during the Napoleon wars.
The unusual color of the Flaebe mare was memorable. She wasrndark red with a white mane and tale, covered with small white snowflakes on herrnbody, and brown spots on her blanket.rn
There has been a lot of guessing about the origin of the Flaebernmare, but a possible
Konik horses, also known as Polish primitive horses, are anrnancient horse breed; they most likely are related Tarpan horses and possiblyrnHucul and Arabian horses as well. They were very popular in Poland; they arernvaluable for farm work. They are strong for their size and shape (their name means ''little horse''). They were found in Poland, Slovankia, Ukraine, Belarus Lithuania, Popielno, and other areas surrounding the Baltic Sea.
Currently, most reside on various reserves, such as thernWhitehall Meadow. During the 1930''s, a professor named Tadeusz Vetulani startedrnto attempt to get the breed back on its original path. Some are also situatedrnon the Ham Fen National Reserve and Sandwich Bay as well. The Suffolk WildlifernTrust
Gayoe (also known as Kuda-Gayo) Ponies are from the islandrnof Sumatra, Indonesia. Their name is derived from the Gayoe hills in the northrnof the island. Gayoe ponies are one of eight breeds native to Indonesia, thernothers are the Batak Pony, Deli pony, Bali Pony, Java Pony, Sumba and SumbawarnPony (and closely related Sandalwood Pony) and Timor Pony.
Gayoe ponies are generally solidly colored. They are a darkrnbay shade commonly called "brown." Skewbalds are often seen, as well. dults are approximately 12.2 hands (114 cm) tall at the withers, andrnsmall-bodied.
They are primarily used for transportation on Sumatra, andrnthe 1997 FAO Breed Survey indicated that the breed has a stable population ofrnabout 7,50
Kushum, or Kushumakaya, hosrses were developed at the Pytimarskrnand Furman studs in Urals region of Kazakhstan from 1931 to 1976. They were developedrnlargely from trotter, Thoroughbred, Don, Budyonny, and Kazakh horses.
Originally, the goal was to develop, on the basis of thernnative Kazakh horses, a good army mount. Kazakh mares were crossed withrnThoroughbreds and half breeds, as well as the trotters, to obtain larger sizernand to improve gaits.
They have a high adaptability to local conditions, which isrnreflected in increased weight gain in spring and autumn, which makes them suitablernfor meat and milk productionâ€™ their large size and live weight guarantee a highrnyield of horse meat.
Landais horses come from the sandy beaches of SouthwestrnFrance. They are related to small Barthais horses and Arabian horses. The resultrnis a small (about 13 hands tall) Arab-style horse. Sometime in the beginning ofrnthe twentieth century, there were an estimated two thousand of them roamingrnwildly worldwide. Just after the Second World War, they were decreasing inrnpopularity, but in the 1970''s a studbook was produced and improved in numbersrnsince then. Today they are found in France and Spain.
Landais horses are used for riding and harness purposesrnalike. They are generally black, bay, chestnut, and other brown shades. Theyrnare neat in appearance, have a high set tail, attractive head, and sloping
Latvian horses come from Latvia and arre split into threerntypes: the common harness horse, a lighter riding horse, and a heavier draftrntype. They are probably from pre-historic bloodlines, and have been inrndevelopment since the 17th century.
The Latvian horse breed has only been established sincern1952, but is believed to have descended from ancient roots. It is likely thatrnLatvian horses are closely related to Dole Gudbrandsdal horses, North Swedish Horses and other heavy European draft breeds. Since the 17th century, the breed hasrnhad German riding horse, Thoroughbred, and Arabian blood introduced.
The core of the current breed came from infusions ofrnOldenburg, Hanoverian, and Holstein blood in the
Lipizaan Horses (alsornknown as Lipica or Lipizzano horses) were developed in Lipizza (Lipica), a smallrnlocality near Trieste, which is today in Slovenia, but was Italian up to the SecondrnWorld War and before that, Austrian. Its origins date from the mid-16th century through an initiative of the Archduke Charles of Stiria, third child of the EmperorrnFerdinand I of Austria. Factors contributing to the choice of the Lipizza area includedrnthe good quality of the horses which populated Carso and the Aquileiese area andrnthe favorable climate, plus its proximity to areas of great horse-breeding traditionrnand the production of excellent horses.
The current productionrnof the thoroughbred Lipica-Lipizzano Horse derives from two Itali
Lithuanian Heavy Draught
Lithuanian Heavy Draughts are a draught horse breed createdrnin Lithuania during the 19th and 20th centuries. They were developed byrncrossing local Zhmud mares with Ardennes, Percheron, Brabant, and other heavyrnbreeds.
In Lithuania draught capacity testing began in 1857, andrnsince 2002 the Lithuanian Horse Breeders Association has taken over thernresponsibility of heavy horse testing. Recently, more have begun to be exportedrnfor meat. They are also used to improve other breeds. When crossed with native ltai horses, they improved the meat and milk yield and also increased thernweight, growth rate, and ability to withstand year-round grazing conditions.
Initially, Lithuanian Heavy Draughts were includ
Lokai horses were originally developed by the Uzbek Lokairntribe from Tajikistan, formally part of the Soviet Union. Their descendentsrnwere Oriental mainly of central Asian strains such as the Iomud and the khal-Teke. Karabair and Bukhara horses also are in the Lokai background. Arabianrnhorses were later introduced into the breeding mix.
They are approximately 14.3 hh. Some are smaller. Theirrncolors range from gray, bay, chestnut, black, and palomino. The coat is oftenrncurly and has a shiny, metallic like shine.
Bonnie L. Hendricks, in her book entitled InternationalrnEncyclopedia of Horse Breeds, wrote: "Horses with curly coats are mostrnoften found among middle Asian breeds, especially in the Lokai." Sometimesrn
Losino horses received their name from the original arearnwhere it is bred, the Losa Valley, in the north of the province of Burgos Spain). They are related to other breeds derived from the Cantabrian-Pyrenean branch:rnthe Portuguese Garrano, the Galician pony, the Asturian pony, the Thieldon, thernSorraia, the Navarre horse, the Basque Pottok, the Merens horse, and the now-extinctrnCatalan horse.
They maintained their number until the 1950''s butrnafterwards, principally due to farming mechanization, they were crossbred withrnmeat breeds and donkey populations for mule production. As a result their populationrndeclined to around 30 horses. Due to the alarming situation, a project forrnrecuperating the breed was established,
Lundy Ponies were first developed on Lundy Island in Englandrnin 1928, when the owner of the island, Martin Coles Harman, introduced 34 NewrnForest pony mares, eight foals, and a Welsh Mountain B strawberry roanrnstallion. Diana Keast, his daughter, explained why he chose to cross thesernbreeds: "He wanted ponies with a bit of style and height. Dartmoor andrnExmoor ponies were nearer and more convenient - after all he had to charter arnspecial train to bring the ponies from Lyndhurst - but they wouldn''t have hadrnthe height he wanted." The Welsh stallion died only a year after arrivingrnon the island, having sired just one foal - a colt called Pepper. Luckily thisrnfirst "Lundy pony" grew into an upstanding stud stallion, creamy dunrnwith
Lusitano horses are from Portugal and are similar to Andalusianrnhorses. They have Roman features that can be spotted from afar and also havernmany relatives of Spanish descent. All of the aforementioned are of Iberianrnlineage and contain Sorraia blood lines. Generally sought after for militaryrnpurposes, they were also used for Portuguese bull riding adventures, as well asrncarriage riding. Some have the distinct dun color that is so popular for manyrnin the Sorraia breed. Some can be used for Olympic purposes and hundreds havernbeen placed in the World Equestrian Games. Very high expectations are set inrnplace to become a breeder for the Lusitano. In Brazil during the late 1970''s, arnbreeder made his mark by developing the Interagro bre
Mallorquins, or Caballo Mallorquins, are a rare breed ofrnhorse indigenous to the island of Majorca in the Balearic Islands, from whichrnit takes its name. They were first identified in 1985 by the Patronato para lasrnRazas Autoctonas de Mallorca (''authority for the autochthonous breeds ofrnMallorca''). Mallorquin horses are listed in the Catalogo Oficial de Razas dernGanado de Espana in the group of autochthonous breeds in danger of extinction. Theirrnstatus was listed in 2007 as critical by the Food and Agriculture Organizationrnof the United Nations. In 2005 the number of Mallorquin horses recorded in thernstud book was 247, but a census conducted by the Ministerio de Medio Ambiente yrnMedio Rural y Marino in 2003 identified only 172. I
Malapolski horse were developed in the 19th century inrnLesser Poland, Polish Malopolska, hence the name. They are a versatile breed used today for light draft and under-saddle work.
They were developed from a combination of Arabian andrnThoroughbred blood, with significant contributions from the Furioso and GidrÃ¡nrnbreeds (both strains of Hungarian Anglo-Arabian. There are two distinctrnvarieties of the Malapolski. The first is the Sadecki, which was heavilyrninfluenced by the Furioso line, and the second is the Darbowsko-Tarnowski heavily influenced by theGidrÃ¡ and Shagya Arab GidrÃ¡n line. They were alsorninfluenced by infusions of various other Arabian and Thoroughbred half-breeds.rnToday, they are breed at five sta
Mangalarga horses are from Brazil. They were first developedrnby Francisco Gabriel Junqueira (Baron of Alfenas) who bred Royal Alterrnstallions from Portugal with colonial horses in Brazil. This mix alsornoriginated the Mangalarga Marchador breed that differs from Mangalarga horses becausernMangalarga Marchador''s have different, and unique, smooth gait.
When the Junqueira family moved to Sao Paulo, the topographyrnand local culture forced them to look for a horse with differentrncharacteristics and so they started to cross breed the Mangalarga with Hackney Morgan, American Saddle, Hanoverian, and Trakehner horses. This made thernMangalarga a completely different horse breed form the Mangalarga Marchador.rnThey are so differe
Mangalarga Marchador comes from Brazil. They possess lter-Real blood lines that went on to be called Sublime Horses. They have arnvery unique gait that appears to look somewhat like a march when they walk andrngallop. This gait is referred to as the marcha. In the eighteen hundreds thernSublime horses began to be purchased by those called the Hacienda Mangalargarngroup. It was at this point that they were no longer known as the Sublimernhorses and changed to the Mangalarga Marchador style of horses. They arernnotorious for their variances in marches including the marcha picada, thernmarcha batida, and the center march. One is slower, one is a diagonal pace, andrnthe last one is thought to mimic the unique style of the Tennessee WalkingrnHor
The Maremmano horsernoriginated in the Maremma region of Tuscany and Lazio at the time of the ancientrnEtruscans. From then until the nineteenth century it kept its original characteristics:rnsquat, strong and skittish. Then, in about 1870, it began to be crossed with morernlightly-built and docile horses. In the year 1902, the stallion Fauno was born atrnthe Royal Stables at San Rossore, Versilia, in Tuscany. The result of a cross withrnan English thoroughbred, he was the first of the so-called â€œnew generationâ€. Thernintroduction of the English thoroughbred smoothed out some of the squat, rough characteristicsrnof the original Maremmano, while also increasing its height and its rugged temperament.
This is a strong good-tempere
Marwari horses comes from the Northwestern areas of India.rnThey are notably brave and can be extremely loyal to their masters. They havernquite a reputation for being warriors, ones that refuse to leave a conflictivernsituation if asked to. In fact, these creatures have been known to only leave arnbattle area if they won the fight or had to carry away their injured solider.rnThis all further explains their ways and the methods in which they operaternsolely on the adoration of their owners. Also widely popular in the area ofrnRajasthan, this breed is said to have some form of Arabian bloodlines in themrnas well. It comes as no surprise to their many followers as they are notablyrnstriking in appearance, as well as stature. Only royal family
Masuren, or Mazury, horses are an extinct breed of horsernfrom Poland. They were once a very notable breed and was a quality ridingrnhorse. Mainly they were developed from Trakehner horses, and crossed with Pozanrnhorses. Masuren horses were bred at the stud at Liski in the Masuria region. Inrn1963 a Polish postage stamp showing a Masuren horse was issued.
Mecklenburgers are warmblood horses from thernMecklenburg-Vorpommern region of north-eastern Germany. They have been closelyrnlinked to the State Stud of Redefin. Historically influenced by Arabian andrnThoroughbred blood, today''s Mecklenburger is an athletic riding and drivingrnhorse similar to the neighboring Hanoverian. They are bred to the samernstandards as the other German Warmbloods, and are especially suitable forrndressage and show jumping, though they are used for combined driving, eventingrnand show hunter competition as well.
The region today known as Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was, untilrn1934, composed of the duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz.rnHowever, the region was united by virtue of bein
Very little is known about Megezh horses, other than that theyrncan be grullo, roan, grey, dun, sorrel, or bay, and that they are a southe type of horse that has strains of Yakut, Olekminsk, and Suntar horse breeds. Megezhrnis the largest type of the Yakut breed. They come from southwestern Yakutia inrnthe region of Leninsk.
In the later part of the l9th century a tough horse withrngreat endurance was needed for gold mining purposes. Thus Yakut and Kuznetrnbreeds were crossed and the Megezh Horse emerged. The cross produced horse wasrnstrong and able to perform mining work. They are 14-15.1 hh. Other usesrnincluded milk and meat production.
Menorquin Horses, or Cavall Menorqui, are indigenous to thernisland of Menorca in the Balearic Islands, from which they get their name. Theyrnare closely associated with the doma menorquina style of riding.
Menorca was under Moorish domination from 903 - 1287. ccording some sources, research has shown links between the MenorquÃn and Arabrnbreeds, while others have shown it to be of Berber origin, and yet othersrnbelieve that it was brought to Menorca from central Europe by King James I of ragon. According to the Government of the Balearic Islands, it belongs to therneastern group of indigenous Iberian horses which also included the now extinctrnCatalan horse.
Menorquin horses were officially recognised as an in
Messara (also known as Cretan) horses are a light riding andrndraft horse found on the island of Crete off the coast of Greece.
The native mountain-type Messara pony exists on the islandrnof Crete since year 1000 or longer. The name comes from the Mesara Plain wherernthey are mostly found. The modern Cretan horse was developed by crossing thernnative mares on Arabian stallions imported during the Turkish occupation in thern17th century. They are now a rare breed with around 100 representatives. Sincern1994 there exists a studbook and conservation program has been started.
Their main coat colors are bay, brown (a variation of bay) black, and gray. They usually stand between 12.2 and 14 hands high.
Miniature horses are, as expected, smallâ€¦really small; usuallyrnless than 34â€“38 inches (86â€“97 cm) as measured at the last hairs of the mane, whichrnare found at the withers. While miniature horses are the size of a very small pony many retain horse characteristics and are considered "horses" by theirrnrespective registries. They have various colors and coat patterns.
rnMiniature horses are friendly and interact well with people.rnFor this reason they are often kept as family pets, though they still retain naturalrnhorse behavior, including a natural fight or flight instinct, and must be treatedrnlike an equine, even if they primarily serve as a companion animal. They are alsorntrained as service animals, akin to assistance
Minusin horses come from the Minusin Valley in the southrnpart of the Krasnodar region (Former Soviet Union) and was developed by thernpeople native to the area who have been breeding horses for hundreds of years. s the needs for agriculture began to grow the breed was infused with the bloodrnof Don, Thoroughbred, and trotter stallions to provide it with needed size.
They have a large head, Roman nose, thick neck, large trunk and wide chest. Their legs are spindly but strong. They come in a variety ofrncoat colors including bay, dun, grulla, palomino and buckskin.
Misaki Horses (Misaki uma in Japanese) are as tall of a pony yet they have many horse characteristics and proportions. The first referencernto Misaki Horses is in 1697, when the Akizuki family of the Takanabe Clanrnrounded up feral horses and developed a pool of breeding stock. However following the end of World War II, Misaki horses were designated as a NationalrnNatural Treasure and nowadays they have returned to feral life, mainly in arndesignated National Monument on Cape Toi at the south end of the MiyazakirnPrefecture, attracting many tourists to the region.
Missouri Fox-Trotter comes from Missouri, US (which yourncould have guessed by the name). They have received their unique name from therndance they did when they were developed in the Missouri Ozarks. They have a floidrnfour beat gait. This makes for a very graceful ride. They are well known forrnbeing easy to manipulate through mountainous terrains. Many years ago, it wasrnthought that the pioneers utilized these horses to get from the MississippirnRiver to Tennessee, then also to Virginia. They were first called an Ozark HillrnHorse and were used frequently for many farmers. They were finally registeredrnin Ava, Missouri sometime during the middle of the nineteenth century.
They are used for shows and competitions, a
Miyako Horses (Miyako Uma in Japanese) originated from the Miyako Island in Okinawa, a prefecture known as a horse breeding area forrncenturies. In 1055, their breed peaked at around 10,000.rnUnfortunately, the increase of motorization caused this number to decline, andrnby 1983, there were only seven head alive. The population grew to 25 horses by 1993 but had dropped back to 19 by 2001, despite the great efforts to preserve thisrnbreed of great antiquity.
Miyako Horses resemble Mongolian horse and nowadays they arernmainly used as riding ponies, and sometimes for light draft work.
Monchino, or Monchinu, horses are indigenous to the Valle dernGuriezo in the Cantabria region of northern Spain, and the neighbouring Biscayrnprovince. They are listed in the Official Catalogue of Livestock Breeds ofrnSpain (Catalogo Oficial de Razas de Ganado de Espana) in the group ofrnautochthonous breeds in danger of extinction. The word monchinu meansrnhighlander, from the mountains, in Cantabrian.
Mongolian horses (Mongolian aduu: "horse" or mori; or as a herd ado, or in Northern Khalka, tabun) are the native horse breed of Mongolia. Theyrnare considered to be have been largely unchanged since the time of GenghisrnKhan. Nomads living in the traditional Mongol fashion still hold more than 3rnmillion horses, which outnumber the country''s human population. Despite theirrnsmall size, they are horses, not ponies. In Mongolia, the horses live outdoorsrnall year, dealing with temperatures from 30 C (86 F) in summer down to -40 C -40 F) in winter, and they graze and search for food on their own. The mare''srnmilk is processed into the national beverage airag. Some animals arernslaughtered for meat. Other than that, they serve as ridin
Montana Travler horses were developed in the US state of Montanarnand are a relatively new saddle horse breed. In the 1930s, Montanan Tom Eatonrnbegan combining the bloodlines of Tennessee Walking, Morgan, AmericanrnSaddlebred, Thoroughbred, and Hamiltonian horses in a search for "thernperfect horse." By the early 1970s, his breeding resulted in anrneye-catching, ground-covering chestnut stallion.
The stallion, named Montana Travler, walked at a brisk eightrnmiles per hour, with a giant eight-inch-plus overstep. He trained easily, and when bred, sired offspring of exceptional quality. This success motivated Eatonrnto found the Montana Travler Horse Association in 1979, writing, "JustinrnMorgan established a breed from one out
It originated in thernprovince of Pisa (Tuscany), particularly in the area of Monterufoli. According tornsome writers it derived from a now extinct type known as the "Selvina Breed" whichrnlived in the wild. The area from where the Montrufoli comes is now largely coveredrnby the "Monterufoli-Caselli" Nature Reserve, a hilly region lying at between100rnand 560 meters above sea level.
The story of the Monterufolirnbegan in 1913 when the estate was purchased by the Counts of Gherardesca. The realrnprocess of selection and improvement began with the work of this family, who selectedrnthe best specimens from the original population to breed with Maremma, Tolfeta andrnOriental stallions. The breed then established itself in the provinces
Morab horses were originally developed in the late 1880''s throughrnthe cross-breeding of Arabian and Morgan horses. They were developed with thernintent of creating a fine carriage horse that was still substantial enough forrnmoderate farm labor. The modern Morab continues this tradition of paired powerrnand elegance, being both attractive and competitive show animals, and strongrnbut mild-mannered work and family horses.
The first Morab registry was created in 1973. Prior to this Morabs were primarily undocumented horses bred for type. Many early Morabs werernregistered with the American Morgan Horse Association, as the Morgan studbookrnwas still open that time, and these horses have since been fully assimilatedrninto the M
Morgan horses were one of the first horse breeds developed inrnthe United States. All Morgans can trace their lineage back to a horse Justin Morgan who was named after his owner.
Morgan horses are known for their strength, elegance, and history.rnThe Morgan horse leant its muscle to clearing and tilling New England farms duringrnthe earliest years of American history. Today it is a popular driving and ridingrnhorse, surefooted over rough trail as it is refined and dignified in the show ring.rn
Morgans served many roles in 19th-century American history, beingrnused as coach horses and for harness racing, as general riding animals, and as cavalryrnhorses during the Civil War on both sides. Morgans have influenced other
Mountain Pleasure horses have been relatively unchanged forrna century or more. They reflect the primitive Appalachian gaited horse type andrnmay be ancestral to modern breeds developed in the region during the latern1800''s and early 1900''s, including American Saddlebred and Tennessee WalkingrnHorses.
As a landrace, the Mountain Pleasure is variable in type with some horses having distinctively Spanish features and others resemblingrnthe larger, modern breeds. Consistent among all is a smooth four-beat gait thatrnreplaces the trot. They stand 14.2-15.2 hands at the withers and weigh 850-950rnpounds. Most of the solid colors known in horses occur in the breed, includingrngrays and roans.
Moyle horses are famous for their frontal bosses, refered tornas horns, thought to be inherited from Asian ancestors. Moyle horses wererndeveloped in Idaho by Rex Moyle from Mustangs brought from Utah. According tornsome studies, it is said that the Moyle may have descended from the SpanishrnCarthusian horses.
Moyles are extraordinarily fast and agile--more than mostrnbreeds. They perform well in the equestrian arena as well. They excel on racerntracks, endurance competitions, and do well over jumps. They are extremelyrnstrong. Their conformation is stronger than most breeds. Moyle horses have anrnexceptionally large rib cage and their internal organs are large. Moyles havernstrong shoulders that are widely spaced and muscula
This breed originatesrnfrom, and is spread throughout Puglia: in particular, the Murge region. It can tracernits origins to the time of Spanish domination, when Arab, Berber and Andalusianrnstallions were brought in. But the real development of the Murgese horse was thanksrnto the Counts of Conversano. They were a family of farsighted nobles who were veryrnadept in choosing horses for importation and careful in selecting those which fittedrnthe needs of the time and the character of the area. The breed was first officiallyrnregistered in 1926 at the â€œDeposito Stalloniâ€ (Stallion Registry), which later becamernthe â€œIstituto di Incremento Ippico di Foggiaâ€ (Foggia Institute of Horse Breeding).
The Murgese is a countryrnbreed,
Mustang horses are descendants of Spanish, or Iberian horses that were brought to the Americas by Spanish explorers in the 16thrncentury. The name was derived from the Spanish word mustengo, which meansrn"ownerless beast" or "stray horse." These horses bred withrnother breeds of horses, including quarter horses and draft horses, to creaternthe breed we know today.
Mustang herds vary greatly on how much they can be traced tornthe original Iberian horses. Some contain a greater genetic mixture of ranchrnstock, while others are relatively unchanged from the original Iberian stock.
rnIn 1971, the United States Congress recognized thatrn"wild free-roaming horses and burros are living symbols of the historicrnand pioneer spi
Namib Desert Horses are a rare horse found in the NamibrnDesert, of Namibia, Africa. They are most likely the only feral herd of horsesrnresiding in Africa. Today, approximately 150 horses now live in 350 squarernkilometres of the Namib Desert. The origin of these animals is unclear, thoughrnseveral theories have been put forward. Genetic tests have been performed although none to date have completely verified their origin.
Horses are not native to Sub-Saharan Africa. The firstrnhorses in sub-Saharan Africa were brought by the Dutch to the area of the Capernof Good Hope in the 17th century. One theory says that a ship with horses onrnboard was run aground; the strongest horses were able to swim ashore to thernmouth of the Ora
Nangchen horses are a small breed of horse native to thernKham region of northern Tibet. They are thought to have been bred pure sincernthe 9th century. They became known to the western world in 1994 due to thernexploration of French anthropologist Michel Peissel.
They are said to contain no ancestry from any of the commonrnsources for most other Tibetan pony breeds, neither Mongolian horse, Arabianrnnor any type of Turkish blood. They are powerful and fast; and have many of therncharacteristics of a modern racehorse. They have refined features, arernpony-sized, but tall for ponies, swift and agile. Their unique characteristicsrninclude adaptations to the very high altitude of the region, including enlargedrnlungs.
Napoletano, or Neapolitan, Horsesrnoriginated on the plains between Naples and Caserta, in the Campania region ofrnItaly, but may have been bred throughout the Kingdom of Naples. Neapolitanrnhorses were frequently mentioned in literature from the 16th to the 19thrncentury and noted for their quality. Corte wrote in 1562: â€˜in Italy the horsesrnof the Kingdom of Naples are greatly esteemed; [there] many fine coursers arernborn ... suitable for use in war and in the manÃ¨ge and for every service thatrnthe rider may require.â€™ The decline of the breed was noted in the early 20thrncentury by Mascheroni (1903) and Fogliata (1908). Some sources state that byrn1950, the original Neapolitan horse was deemed extinct, but its lines werernincorporat
Narragansett Pacers were the first horse breed developed inrnthe United States, but is now extinct. This breed was developed in the UnitedrnStates during the 18th century and associated closely with the state of RhodernIsland, and it had become extinct during the late 19th century. The Pacer wasrndeveloped from a mix of English and Spanish breeds, although the exact breedsrnare unknown, and they were known to and owned by many famous personages of thernday, including George Washington. Sales to the Caribbean and cross-breedingrndiminished the breed to the point of extinction, and the last known Pacer diedrnaround 1880.
Narragansett horses possibly could have been an amblingrnhorse, rather than a true pacing breed. The pacer was know
Narym, or Narymskaya, horses are from Russia. Russian horsesrnare varied and have developed over a period of thousands of years. They havernevolved to live in harsh climates--cold and desolate. There is often littlernforage for survival, however, the Russian breeds are hardy.
Narym Ponies are similar to Ob ponies and originated nearrnthe same area in the central of the region near the Ob River of Weste Siberia. The two breeds live under much the same ecological and economicalrnconditions, and may be considered two groups or types of the same breed ofrnnorthern forest horse. It stands between 13 and 14 hands high.
Narym Ponies are larger than the Ob pony and is crossed withrndraft horses and trotters in the sou
National Show Horses originated as a part-Arabian cross betweenrnan American Saddlebred and an Arabian horse. They are now established as a separaternbreed, since the founding of a breed registry in 1981.
National Show Horses combine the refinement of Arabian Horsesrnwith the animation of Saddlebred horse. The resulting horse has the high-set, upright long, swan-like neck of the Saddlebred. The neck should not have a pronounced crest.rnThe head is usually refined and small, with small ears and either a straight orrnconcave profile. The horses are close-coupled with a level topline and have a veryrndeep, laid back shoulder. The tail carriage is high.
National Show Horses may be a variety of colors, including therntraditional
Navarra (also known as Navarran, Navarrais, Navarre, CaballornEspanol, or Subraza de Navarra) Ponies are a North Iberian Mountain Pony. Theyrnare bred in the Urbasa Nature Reserve. The province of Navarra, between thernPyrenees and the valley of the Ebro, in the region around Pamplona is theirrnhomeland. They live semi-wild in small herds. They stand 12 hand to 12.3 hands at the withers. They arerngenerally dark brown without white markings. medium head, straight profile small ears, mouse, muscular, wide neck, strong, deep body, sloping croup, shortrncoupling, solid legs, hard, round hooves. They are forward moving and surernfooted. They have an abundant mane and tail. These ponies are tough, easyrnkeepers and healthy. They are intel
New Forest Pony
New Forest Ponies were named after a region in southe England, New Forest. Their exact origin is unknown but ponies have lived in thernarea for many centuries. During the 18th century the Thoroughbred stallionrnMarske, father of the famous race horse Eclipse, served New Forest mares. Inrnthe mid-19th century one of Queen Victoria''s Arabian stallions was allowed tornrun with the New Forest herd. Hackney blood was also introduced. The crossrnbreeding added to the pony''s size but was harmful to the true pony element.
In order to correct the situation stallions of other nativernbreeds including Dales, Dartmoor, Exmoor, Fell, Highland, and Welsh Mountainrnponies were crossed with the New Forest. The result was a tough, sure footedrnpo
New Kirgiz, or Novokirgizskaya, horses were developed in thernstate and collective farms of Kirgiz, Russia, by crossing local horses with thernDon and the Thoroughbred horses. New Kirgiz horses are well adapted to highlandrnconditions. They are used for stock work and meat and milk production. They arernshort-legged and massive and they have a strong constitution. In type andrnconformation they closely resemble Don horses.
The average measurements of stallions (in cm) are: height atrnwithers 156, body length 158, chest girth 188, the cannon bone girth 20.5.rnMares'' measurements are somewhat lower: 151,155, 180 and 19 respectively.
New Kirgiz horses have a medium-sized clean-cut head withrnlow neck, well-define
Newfoundland Pony are an "all purpose" pony known for itsrnstrength, courage, intelligence, obedience, and willingness. Newfoundland Poniesrnare hard workers and easy keepers.
Newfoundland Ponies''s ancestors first arrived with the Newfoundlandâ€™srnearly settlers from the British Isles. Their ancestors were primarily, Exmoor Dartmoor, and New Forest ponies and to a lesser extent, Welsh Mountain Galloway, Highland, and Connemara ponies. They were hardy creatures who werernalready well adapted to the harsh climate of the islands of the North Atlantic.rnIsolated from the rest of the world, the ponies intermingled for hundreds ofrnyears, breeding in the seclusion of Newfoundlandâ€™s bays and coves to produce arnsturdy pony uniquely ou
Nez Perce Horses are spotted horses bred by the Nez Percerntribe of Idaho. The Nez Perce Horse Registry (NPHR) program began in 1995 inrnLapwai, Idaho and is based on cross-breeding the old-line Appaloosa (Maamin -rnthe Nez Perce word for Appaloosa) horses (the Wallowa herd - "oldrnherd" mares from the Minam line in Wallowa, Oregon) with an ancientrnCentral Asian breed called Akhal-Teke. This program seeks to re-establish thernhorse culture of the Nez Perce, a tradition of selective breeding of Appaloosarnhorses and horsemanship that was destroyed in the 19th century. The breedingrnprogram was financed by the United States Department of Health and HumanrnServices, the Nez Perce tribe and a nonprofit group called the First NationsrnDevelopme
Nivernais are endangered black heavy draught horses from thernNievre region of central France. They stand about 165 to 175 centimetres at thernwithers, occasionally up to 180 cm, and weigh 800 to1000 kg. They were created inrn1872 by the Comte de Bouille by crossing black Percheron stallions with local Chevalrndu Morvan mares. A stud book was opened in 1880, and from that time the breedrnlargely supplanted the Cheval du Morvan. Their population declined from thern1950s following the mechanisation of agriculture, and in 1966 the stud-book wasrnmerged with that of the Percheron. Since the 1980s various efforts have beenrnmade to preserve the breed. Without official recognition in France, it isrnlisted in DAD-IS by the FAO.
Nokota horses are feral and semi-feral horses located in thernbadlands of southwestern North Dakota in the United States. They get their namernfrom the Nokota Indian tribe that inhabited North and South Dakota.
Nakota horses are often blue roan, which is a color rare inrnother breeds, although black and gray are also common. Other, less common colors include red roan, bay, chestnut, dun, grullo and palomino. Pintornpatterns such as overo and sabino occur occasionally.
They have an angular frame with prominent withers, a slopedrncroup, and a low set tail.
There are two general types of Nokota horses. The first isrnthe traditional Nokota, known by the registry as the National Park Traditionalrntype. They tend to
Noma Horses (Noma Uma in Japanese) come from the Nomarnregion of Imabari in Ehime Prefecture, Japan. They originated in the 17thrncentury from Mongolian stock, they are the smallest of the native Japanesernhorse breeds. They are valued for their gentle personality and strength. In thernpast they were used for riding, light draft work, and as packhorses on thernsteep mountainsides in the rough Noma region. Today, they are mostly used asrnriding horses for children and as study subjects in local schools.
It is believed that in the early 17th century, Lord Hisamatsurnof Matsuyama Han charged local farmers with breeding his warhorses, and thernbreed grew in popularity until the Russo-Japanese war in 1904, when thernJapanese army were cau
Nonius, or Noniusz, horses were developed at the ImperialrnStud at Mezohegyes, Hungary by careful linebreeding. Originally they were bredrnto serve as a light draft and utility horse for Hungary''s military; but they becamerna useful agricultural horse during the 20th century. Today they are bred byrnpreservationists and are used in agriculture, leisure riding, and competitiverndriving sports. The largest numbers of Nonius horses are still found at the Mezohegyesrnstud ranch, with representatives in other eastern European nations as well.
Horse-breeding has been an important facet of Hungarianrnculture since its settlement, due largely to its geographic location and openrnplains. The Ottoman Conquest, beginning in 1526, saw a
Nooitgedacht Ponies are one of the few indigenous breeds inrnSouth Africa, and the only true descendant of the better-known Basuto Pony. Nooigedachtsrnare a rare horse breed, with only about 400 purebreds in existence.
Their development began in 1951 when the South AfricanrnDepartment of Agriculture brought a group of Basuto-type ponies. In 1952 arnbreeding project began on the Nooitgedacht Research Station. This was donernprimarily to save the famous Basuto horses from extinction but also becausernSouth Africa needed an indigenous farm and riding horse adapted to conditionsrnof the region.
Due to large-scale inbreeding in the past, the breeders atrnNooitgedacht had to use extreme care. For this reason, a Boer
Nordlandshest/Lyngshest horses, also known as the Northlandsrnhorse or Northlands pony, originated in Norway. They are the smallest of thernthree Norwegian national horse breeds. They originated in Lyngen, but wererngiven the name Nordlandshest in 1968 by breeders in that area. The name changernwas hotly disputed by breeders in Lyngen and surrounding areas, but arncompromise was later reached, and today their official name is bothrnNordlandshest and Lyngshest.
The first documentation of Nordlandshest/Lyngshest horses daternback to 1898, in Lyngseidet, Troms. Organised breeding began in the 1930s, whenrnmost of the breed population lived in the northern counties of Norway. Many ofrnthem died and few were bred during World War II, and
Norfolk Trotters, also known as Norfolk Roasdsters, are anrnextinct horse breed once native to East Anglia and Norfolk, England. They werernclaimed to be a large-sized trotting harness horse originating in and aroundrnNorfolk.
In 1542, King Henry the eighth required the rich citizens tornkeep a specific number of trotting-horse stallions. Norfolk Trotters were wellrnpraised in Norfolk, and later became known as the Norfolk Trotter.
Norfolk Trotters became the standard travel horse in England.rnIn the city of Yorkshire, the same breed was known as the Yorkshire Trotter.rnNorfolk trotters were also known as roadsters. It is common to see the termrnNorfolk / Yorkshire Roadster / Trotter in breed-history books; regardless ofrnt
The Norico is a heavyrndraft-horse, coming originally from the Alpine valleys between Austria and Italy.
The original horsernwas re-established by the Romans who undertook a breeding programme in their oldrnprovince of Noricum. During the Renaissance the breed was improved with the introductionrnof strains from Neopolitan and Andalusian horses. Nowadays the Norico is to be foundrnin some Alpine regions of Italy (Trentino and Alto Adige), as well as those of Austriarnand Germany.
It is a mountain breedrnand characteristically resistant to illness, strong, fertile and long-living. variety with a lighter build, known as the Pinzgauer, is raised in Bavaria.
The Norico is suitablernfor pulling heavy loads and for agr
Norman Cobs are descended from bidets, small horses thatrnfrom Asia. They were brought by the Celts. They lived in Brittany and Normandyrnbefore the start of the Roman Empire. Eventually these horses reached Russiarnand were interbred to Mongolian Horses. Romans interbred these horses withrntheir heavy pack mares. In the 10th century the Norman breeders were known forrntheir war horses--large, strong with good endurance. In the 16th and 17thrncenturies Barb and Arabian blood was introduced. In 1665 the first royal studrnfarms were founded. Stallions were selected in 1730. In the 19th century thernNorfolk Roadster was mixed in. English Thoroughbred blood was added along withrnEnglish hunter stallions. The horse developed into the Anglo-Norma
North Swedish horses originatedrnin Africaâ€¦just kidding they are from Sweden. They were developed from Scandinavianrnhorse breeds. They have been used as pack horses, military mounts, and forestryrnwork. They can be found in Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Estonia. They arernsmaller (about 15 hands tall) than some of the more powerful breeds, but do notrnlet their size fool you; they are very strong, excellent workers. They are alsornvery sweet, willing, tender, and easy to care for.
They have a relativelyrnsmall head, a crested neck, sloping shoulders, deeper body frame, and veryrnrounded quarters. They also have a low set tail and a sweeping quarter. Theyrnhave solid, round feet. They also have a low wither and a deep chest as we
Novokirghiz, or Novokirgizskaya, horses were developed inrnthe 1930s in Kirghizia (Kirghistan). They were developed by breeding OldrnKirghiz horses with Thoroughbred, Russian Don, and Anglo-Don horses. They arernused for harness, riding, and agricultural work, as well as pack horses in thernmountains. They are able to cope with almost any type of terrain. The mares arernusually used for milk, which locals ferment and turn into kumis, a major staplernof their diet. The mares can give up to 20 kg of milk daily. Speed records ofrnthis breed are: 1600 m in 1 min 48 sec, and 2400 m in 2 min 44.2 sec.
In 1918, forty-eight Thoroughbreds were imported to thernIssyk-Kul stud in Kirghizia (Kirghistan) and were bred with Old Kirghiz mares. The
Ob Ponies, also known as Priob ponies, are from the Khanty-Mansirnnational district near the lower areas of the Ob and Irtysh rivers in weste Siberia in Russia.
The climate they are from is severe with extreme cold, deeprnsnow, and a lack of grain foods. Ob Ponies are used chiefly as pack animals in thernwinter. During the summer months they do not work and are left free to grazernthe marshes.
Ob Ponies live long lived and fertile; they work until theyrnare eighteen or twenty years old. In general they are similar Yakut Ponies although they are more of draft type. They are hardy and enduring. They are smallrnin stature with a long back and well developed skeleton. Their legs are short.rnTheir head is of medium length,
Old English Black Horse
Old English Black, or Old Kladruby, are an extinct horsesrndeveloped in Britain.
During the Norman Conquest of 1066, the british took somernof the Great Horses from the mainland Europe across the English Channel andrncrossbred them with native mares.
Eventually, a distinct breed developed thatrnwas known as the Old English Black Horse. Despite the name, they were not a color breed. For a longrnperiod of time, bays and browns were more common in this breed than blacks but, there were also roans, grays, and chestnuts among them. The color markingsrnon the old English black horse were similar to Clydesdale horses, with therndesired pattern being four white stockings and a well-defined bald face.
Oldenburg horses were developed in a small area nearrnsurrounding the province of Oldenburg, Germany in the 16th century.rnThey horses are multi-talented horses commonly used in dressage, endurancernriding, general riding, hunting, and jumping activities.
Oldenburg horses were originally developed as a strongrncarriage horse. They were developed from Spanish, Neapolitan, Barb, Thoroughbred and Hanoverian horses. The early Oldenburg horses were well-known forrnconsistency in conformation, great power, and their magnificent coal blackrncolor. They were also famed for their kind character and extreme willingness tornwork under saddle, in front of a carriage, or in the fields. However, as thernneed for carriage horses
Orlov Trotters are Russianrnhorses known for greet speed and endurance. They were developed in the 1800''srnwith the help of Count Alexei Orlov, who operated the Khrenovskoy Stud Farmrnsituated somewhere near Bobrov, a small town in Russia. Count Orlov cross breedrnlocal mares with English, Danish, and Arabian stallions to development of thernRussian Trotter.
Through the 1800''s Russian nobles frequently rode Orlov Trotter and enjoyedrntheir durability; however, by the therntwentieth century they became unpopular soon were threatened by extinction. Luckilyrna small number proved successful enough at racing and some owners continued to breedrnthem. Currently around a dozen of them still exist in Voronezh, Ukraine, andrnaround the Se
Orlov-rostopchin Horeses (also called the Russian SaddlernHorses) started their developed in eighteenth century Russia when Count AlexeirnOrlov bred Arabian stallions with royal Spanish and Danish mares, as well asrnEnglish Thoroughbreds, Dutch Friesians, and other breeds, to produce the OrlovrnTrotter in the late 1700s.
But in addition to his Trotters, Count Orlov also used somernof his same foundation Arabians to produce a saddle horse. Orlov Riding Horses as they were called, averaged about 16 hands with strong, athletic bodies, butrnalso featured dished heads, swanlike necks and an elegant look. They werernpredominantly black.
At the same time, a rival breeder, Count F.V. Rostopchin wasrncrossing his own Arabian s
Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger horses are representatives of a group of horsernbreeds primarily from continental Europe called heavy warmbloods. The breed hasrntwo names because the same horse was bred in two marshy regions in the mostrnnorth-western part of Germany: East Frisia and the former grand duchy ofrnOldenburg. The name "Alt-Oldenburger " -- alt meaning "old" - simply distinguishes this horse from its descendant, the modern Oldenburg which is bred for sport.
The AO/OF is bred by preservationists to fit the pre-WorldrnWar model. Unlike the registries of the sport horses that followed them, theirrnstudbook is partly-closed. However, external evaluation and performance testingrnof the breeding stock is still
Padang Ponies are from Sumatra Island, Indonesia. They are onernof several ponies found in Indonesia. Among the others are Batak (Deli), Bali Gayoe, Java, Sumba or Sumbawa, Sandalwood, and Timor ponies.
Padang Ponies are small but strong, versatile, have goodrnendurance, and are even tempered. They stand approximately 12.2-13 hh at thernwithers. They have small heads, small ears, a short, muscular neck, deep chest sloping croup, sloping shoulder, good coupling, strong back, slight builds, andrnlight legs. They come is all colors. They have thick manes and tails.
American Paint Horsesrnare highly valued for their color and markings, but also a favorite for theirrnunique refinement and intelligence. They have long been used in performancerncompetitions as a show horse.
American Paint Horsesrncomes in various colors, including bay, chestnut, black, palomino, gray buckskin, and blue roan. Plus they have distinctive white markings. The marksrnvary in size but the patterns are standard. The two predominant coat patternsrnof Paint Horses, the overo and tobiano, are distinguished by the position ofrnthe white coloring on the body.
Overorn(Spanish, for "like an egg") patterned horses have white spotsrnextending across their back between the withers and the tail. Typically, allrnfour
The term Palomino does not refer to a specific breed ofrnhorses but to a type of color. Palomino is a coat color in horses, consisting of a gold coat and white mane and tail. The Palomino coloring is evident in a number ofrnbreeds. There are various theories where the name Palomino comes from, onernsuggests that it comes from Juan de Palomino who received a golden coloredrnhorse from Cortes.
The origin of the Palomino is not clear as golden coloredrnhorses are found all over the world. Works of art dating back many centuriesrndepict such horses in Asia, Japan and several European countries. The SpanishrnQueen Isabella encouraged the breeding of golden horses, as a result in Spainrnthey are often referred to as Isabellas. In
Paso Fino means ''finernstep''. Paso Fino horses are a naturally gaited light horse breed datingrnback to horses imported to the Caribbean from Spain. Paso Fino horses arernprized for their smooth, natural, four-beat, lateral ambling gait; they arernused in many disciplines, but are especially popular for trail riding.
In the United States two main groups of horses are popularlyrncalled "Paso Fin" One, also known as the Pure Puerto Rican PasornFino (PPR), originated in Puerto Rico. The other, often called the ColombianrnPaso Fino or Colombian Criollo Horse (CCC), developed in Colombia.
rnPaso Fino horses are a blend of Barb, Spanish Jennet, and ndalusian horses. They were bred by Spanish land owners in Puerto Rico andrnCo
Pentro Horses were developedrnin Molise, Italy. Originally they were a beast of burden, for herding other animals.rnToday they are used chiefly for riding and as a working animal. They have a nervousrntemperament but at the same time docile.
Percheron heavy horses, originally known as Norman Percheron are one of the best-known European horse breeds. They originated in the districtrnof Perche, to the north and west of Normandy in France.
They never achieved the popularity in England of the Clydesdalernand Shire heavies, and although quite a number were imported into Britain - especiallyrnin the late 1800s - they were believed not to have the strength and stamina of the ritish breeds.
However, the Percheron found favor in the United States as arnheavy draught animal, but a good deal of its popularity there is believed to havernbeen due to its predominant grey color.
Percheron horses are more like Suffolk horses than other Britishrnheavy breeds, especially
The true Salernitano horse originated from the plain lyingrnbetween the Sele and the Calore (Salerno - Campania). But, as well as thisrnbreed, another type was also raised, which came to be known as the "razzarngovernativa di Persano" (the ruling breed of Persano).
Established in 1762 by the Bourbon king, Charles III, it wasrnthe result of crossing mares of largely eastern origin with Andalusian Arabrnstallions In 1874 the government sought to suppress the breed and all examplesrnof it were sold at public auction. But in 1900 it was re-established, usingrnmares with a good combination of characteristics and proven to be good forrnriding. These were selected from various cavalry regiments and mated with twornstallions: Jubilee (an Eng
Peruvian Paso horses, or just Peruvian Horses, are lightrnsaddle horse known for their smooth ride. They are distinguished by a natural four-beat, lateral gait called the Paso llano.
Because of the shared word Paso, a close relationship betweenrnthe Peruvian Paso and the Paso Fino breed is incorrectly assumed.rn"Paso" simply means "step," in Spanish, and does not implyrna common breed or origin. Although the two breeds share ancestors in the OldrnWorld, and have some similarities, they were developed independently forrndifferent purposes. The two breeds are different and easily distinguishable.rnThe Peruvian is somewhat larger, deeper in the body and wider. The Paso Fino isrnnot bred for "termino" in its stride. &nbs
Pindos ponies, also known as Thessalian Ponies, come fromrnGreece, mostly around Thessaly. In the third century the Greek poet Oppian wroternthat these ponies were "most noted for beauty, courage, and endurance".
Pindos hPonies are rather agile animals. They are alsornconsidered frugal and surefooted. Having a surefooted horse equates a very easyrnjourney for those seeking a means to travel inexpensively with a dependablerncreature. They have been utilized for agriculture, pack, harness duties, and ofrncourse, riding. They can be found in Greece, Albania, Macedonia, and otherrnareas of the Ionian Sea and Aegean Sea.
They have a reputation for being consistent and easy torntrain. At times, they may h
Pintabians are graceful, animated horses that are known for theirrnbeauty, stamina, versatility, and good disposition. Although Pintabians canrnalso be registered as Pintos, they are more specifically referred to as an rabian-type horse with spots. Pintabians have tobiano markings and over 99rnpercent Arabian blood. They became officially recognized in 1992 when thernPintabian Horse Registry was established.
While its tobiano markings are one of its distinguishingrncharacteristics, the Pintabian is not a color breed. Arabian does not have arnspotted coat. In order to have a color pattern, there was a tobiano pinto, 7rngenerations ago that was crossed with an Arab. The tobiano color pattern isrndefined as non-symmetrica
Pleven horses are competition horses with a natural jump andrnfree-flowing gaits.
Pleven horses were developed in 1898 in the Klementina stud now called the Georgi Dimitrov Agricultural Center) in Bulgaria. Plevens arernmostly Anglo-Arab, but Gidran stallions were later added to the breed. Theyrnwere officially recognized in 1951, and English Thoroughbred blood was furtherrnadded to add refinement and size to Plevens.
The breed is still selectively bred throughout Bulgaria, andrnan effort is being made to increase their size, which would make it morernattractive as an international sport horse.
The Pleven''s head has a straight profile, a long, muscularrnneck, and a nice topline. They are excellent move
Poitevin (also known as Mulassier "mule-breeder", Poitevin Mulassier, or Trait Mulassier) are a draft horse from the Poitou arearnof France. They are a late-maturing breed with strong bones, known for its calmrnnature. They are found in many solid coat colors, the result of crossbreedingrnwith several other European draft breeds throughout its history, and are thernonly French draft horse to be found in bay dun. Today, Poitevins are usedrnmainly for driving, although some are used for riding and equine therapy.
Poitevin stallions were generally sold as two-year-olds atrnthe summer fair in Vendee and the winter fair in Saint-Maixent, as well as tornhorse merchants in Berry, Beauce, Perche, and the Midi. In these areas, theyrnw
Pony of the Americas
The Pony of the mericas originated in Iowa, US. They are all related to one horse named the lack Hand. They were development by breeding an Appaloosa Arab horse with arnShetland. Black Hand was the horse of an attorney named was Les Boomhower. Lesrngave the horse the name for the markings situated on their quarters. Today theyrncan be found in Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Wisconsin Illinois, and other Midwestern states.
Ponies of the Americasrnare very smart horses with a calm and giving temperament. They are gentle andrncan be trusted to travel on their own when needed.
They can stand up to thirteenrnhands tall, with the vast majority of them coming in just under eleven orrntwelve hands. They have a refine
Pottok horses originate from the Basque region of France. They have been in demand for quite some time and are considered one of thernthree main native horse breeds. Their history comes from the Magdalenian typesrnof horses, which were dated all the way back to seven thousand B.C. They werernonce considered a very wild horse but have since become domesticated.
Just as their popularity began to grow, they were hurt byrnthe high demand for horses that were larger for agricultural purposes. Expertsrnbelieve that at some point there were only a mere 150 Pottok horses left. Howeverrntoday yhey are popular due to a gentile nature. They have been featured inrnfilms and have also been serving as a mascot for a rugby team.
Pryor Mountain Mustang
PryorrnMountain Mustangs are a substrainrnof Mustang considered to be genetically unique and one of the few strains ofrnhorses verified by DNA analysis to be descended from the original ColonialrnSpanish Horses brought to the Americas by the Spanish. They live on the PryorrnMountains Wild Horse Range located in the Pryor Mountains of Montana andrnWyoming in the United States, and arernthe only Mustang herds remaining in Montana. They are protected by thernWild and Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act of 1971 (WFRHBA) and managed by the ureau of Land Management (BLM), who has set the optimum herd number at 120rnanimals. Genetic studies have revealed that the herd exhibits a high degree ofrngenetic diversity and a low degree of inbreeding, and
Quaggas are an extinct subspecies of plains zebra that lived in South Africa until the 19th century.
It was long thought to be a completely distinct species, but genetic studies have shown it to be the southernmost subspecies of plains zebra. They are considered particularly close to Burchell''s zebra.
The name, Quagga, was named for a sound that they make, it sounded like "kwa-ha-ha". They are believed to have been around 257 cm (8 ft 5 in) long and 125 - 135 cm (4 ft 1 in - 4 ft 5 in) tall at the shoulder. They were distinguished from other zebras by their limited pattern of primarily brown and white stripes, mainly on the front part of their body. Their rear was brown and without stripes, and therefore more horse-like. Th
Quarab horses are an exclusive combination of Arabian andrnPaint or Quarter Horse breeding. They are a wonderful blend of Pleasure typernand Stock Type. A Quarab can be "custom made" for your choice ofrnstyle and movement, size and athleticism, and a wonderful temperament to gornwith it!
The Quarab''s body type may resemble more the stock-horserntype with muscular forearm and gaskin and well-rounded hip, or the Arabian typernwith long, well-arched neck, long barrel, and level croup. The head usually showsrnrefinement, large eyes, wide forehead, and slight to extreme dish in the face depending on the ratio of Arabian to Quarter Horse blood. Height ranges from 14rnto 16 hands.
Quarabs can excel in many aren
American Quarter Horses are most likely North America''s mostrnpopular breed. With QH fans worldwide the AQHA is the largest breed registry.rnThe AQHA states there are over five million registered American Quarter Horsesrnworldwide.
American Quarter Horses are stout, quick, and compact. Somernhave been clocked at speeds of 55mph. They are used in a number of equestrianrndisciplines, primarily associated with Western rodeo. They have a natural "cowrnsense", giving them the ability to work well with cattle. Their uniquerncharacteristics and breeding history have earned them the nicknames "America''srnHorse" and "the World''s Fastest Athlete".
In the 17th century, North American colonists on the easte seaboard began to cross i
Racking Horses come from the Southern United States, mainly labama. They are known for a distinctive sugarfoot gait.It is believed thatrnthey are related to Tennessee Walking horses. An Alabama business personrncreated this horse and worked diligently to maintain them for years to come.
Their ancestors were first bred on southern plantationsrnprior to the American Civil War. They could be ridden comfortably for hoursrnbecause of their smooth, natural gait. They were also bred for a goodrndisposition, intelligence, and versatility. Their development was similar tornthat of the Tennessee Walking Horse, also popular in the southeastern US. Inrnthe late 1800s, horse shows became increasingly popular in the southeaste United States, as a
Retuertas horse (also known as Caballo de las Retuertas orrnCaballo de las Retuertas de Donana) are a rare horse indigenous to the ndalusia region of Spain. They are believed to closely resemble the ancientrnIberian horses that populated Spain before being domesticated. They are now nowrnfound only in the Donana National Park in the provinces of Huelva and Sevilla and in The Biological Reserve "Campanarios de Azaba" in Espeja Salamanca province) a part of which is the research reserve of the ConsejornSuperior de Investigaciones CientÃficas, the Spanish National Research Council. ccording to a genetic study by the CSIC, the Retuertas horse is one of thernoldest European breeds.
Rhenish-German Cold-Blood ( Rhineland)
Rhenish German Coldblood (also known as Rheinisch DeutschesrnKaltblut, Rheinisch-Westfalisches Kaltblut, Rhineland Heavy Draft, and Rhenish-GermanrnColdblood) are a heavy draught horse from the Rhineland area of weste Germany. They were bred in the second part of the nineteenth century principally at the Prussian state stud at Schloss Wickrath in Wickrathberg, nowrnpart of Monchengladbach in North Rhine-Westphalia.
Rhenish German Coldblood are usually roan in color althoughrnsometimes chestnut can be seen. They have either black points or a flaxen manernand tail. On average they are 16 to 16.3 hand high and weight 1860 to 2200 lbs.
They have a Plain head with a short thick neck and a wide short body. Their frame is massive. T
Riwoches are very small dun-colored horses from an isolatedrnregion of Tibet in 1995. Previously unknown to science, these small horses mayrnbe an evolutionary link between prehistoric wild horses and modern domesticrnhorses, though they could also be a domesticated variety that reverted to arnsmall size and primitive coloring.
They were discovered in 1995 in an isolated, 27 kilometres 17 mi) long valley reached only by crossing a 5,000 metres (16,000 ft)rnmountain pass. They were spotted by a team of explorers led by the Frenchrnethnologist Michel Peissel. While on an expedition to study another newly-discoveredrnhorse breed that Peissel had located in 1993, the Nangchen horse, he came uponrna number of small horses in an is
Rocky Mountain Horses were developed in the 1800''s in the Kentucky US. Rocky Mountain horses have a brown shaded coat with lots of shine to theirrnframes, making them simple to recognize. They are a very stable-yet-surefooted horse with arnunique four feet gait and a long bushy tail. Many farmers found great joy inrnowning one or two Rocky Mountain Horses so that they could easily utilize theirrnstrength for pulling plows and helping on the farm. One gentleman inrnparticular, Sam Tuttle, is noted for his Old Tobe, which was a stallion thatrnwent on to become quite the champion for the southwest. Once the word got outrnthat they could be used for climbing the mountain sides with ease and as farmrnhands, their popularity rapidly increa
Rottaler horses were originally bred in the Rott valley of avaria, and were used as the foundation for the Bavarian Warmblood. Systematicrnbreeding in the region dates back to 1558, when the first duke, Albrecht IV imported popular Neapolitan and Spanish stallions.
In keeping with the times, Rottalers were expected to bernversatile enough to pull the plow during the week and the carriage to church onrnSundays. Throughout the 19th century, Anglo-Norman, Cleveland Bay, andrnOldenburg horses were imported to keep the Rottaler vibrant, and by 1906 thernRottaler Warmblood Horse Breeding Association was formed. In 1963, the breedingrnaim was redirected towards the production of more agile, sensitive ridingrnhorses, and the brand w
Russian Heavy Draft
Russian Heavy Draft horses originated in Russia and the Ukraine.rnThey are considered to be a younger style of horses, one that began in thernmiddle of the eighteen hundreds. The state studs were noted as Khrenov andrnDerkul and were mated with local mares, as well as the Ardennes breeds. ThernRussian Heavy Draft was once even used in the Paris Exhibition in 1900. In veryrnlittle time at all, the breed was introduced to newer blood lines, such as the rabant, Percheron, and the famous Orlov Trotter. The breed went on to bernvirtually extinct once the first World War was over, and then again followingrnthe Russian Civil War. Used for agricultural and lighter draft work, theyrncontinued to expand the breed. The style went on to be used to crea
Russian Trottersrnoriginated from the cross-breeding of native Russian Orlov Trotter horses withrnimported American Standardbred stock around 1890. The breeding goal was to developrna Russian racing horse that could compete with American Standardbred horses. WhilernRussian Trotters were very successful, they were eventually bred to theirrnoriginal styles of Orlov Trotters and Standardbred variations around the middlernof the nineteenth century.
By 1950 the RussianrnTrotter breed was considered established, although some cross-breeding with merican stallions continued. A stud-book was established in 1927. RussianrnTrotters are widely found, from the Baltic to Siberia. In 1989 there werernapproximately 290,000 in the USSR, of which
The first horses on Sable Island, off the coast of NovarnScotia, Canada were brought to the island during the late 1700s. Many peoplernbelieve that they arrived on the island from many shipwrecks. However, thisrnromantic notion is false - they were in fact intentionally left on Sable torngraze and multiply, and were most likely seized from Acadians during theirrnexpulsion from Nova Scotia at the hands of the British. Although often referredrnto as ponies due to their small size, they have a horse phenotype. One of thernfirst horses on the island for which there was a record of importation was thernstallion, Jolly, who was taken there in 1801. Their ancestry is unknown, butrnthey are related in some way to Spanish horses.
The Salerno, or Salernitano horse is a saddle-horse, originally from the plains of Battipaglia, Eboli and Paestum in the province of Salerno (Campania). It is a very ancient breed, which was improvedrnduring the period of Spanish domination by crossing it with Andalusian and Orientalrnhorses. It has also been used to improve Russian breeding stock. The Salernitanornhorse was once used by the army. In the second half of the nineteenth century itrnwas crossed with pure-bred English horses, which changed its original appearance.rnIt was chosen to help produce special Italian cross-breeds, such as Posillipo, Meranornand Fiorello, winners at the Olympics between the years 1956 and 1972.
This is a horse forrnriding, very popular in equest
Samolaco are a rare breed of horse originating from Valchiavennarnand Valtellina, in Lombardy, northern Italy. They get their name from the townrnof Samolaco, near Chiavenna in the province of Sondrio. They are gravelyrnendangered; however, they are not among the fifteen indigenous horsern"breeds of limited distribution" recognised by the AIA, the Italianrnbreeders'' association. The population is listed in DAD-IS as over 12 in 1994 and under 100 in 1998; one further example of the breed may have beenrnidentified during a television broadcast.
Samolaco horses are thought to originate from crossingrnbetween indigenous horses and Spanish horses abandoned in about the 17thrncentury by the garrisons of Spanish fortifications in t
The Sanfratellanorndei Nebrodi, or San Fratello, horse is an Italian breed originating in Messina (Sicily).
The account of itsrnorigins is of great historical and sociological interest. It was not a padronalrnbreed, raised by a noble or baronial family enjoying ascendancy during a certainrnhistorical period, but rather a population of horses connected to the people andrnhistory of a particular part of Sicily. Today, as 1000 years ago, the Sanfratellanorndi Nebrodi horse lives free and well-protected in its "cradle of origin", a NaturalrnPark extending for 87,00 hectares and containing 21 inhabited communes. The breedrnis the subject of "studies and research", undertaken, in particular, by the IstitutornSperimentale Zootechnico di Si
Sandalwood Ponies originated in Indonesia, on the Sumba andrnSumbawa Islands. They are named after the Sandalwood trees, which are a majorrnexport of the country. Sandalwood ponies are one of the finest in the country partly due to the great amount of Arabian blood. They are very nice children''srnponies. Sandalwood Ponies have been exported to Australia and other Southeast sian countries for use as racing ponies. They have been crossed withrnThoroughbred blood and are used in racing on Cambodian and Thai racing tracks.
Sandalwoods have incredible endurance. They are very easy tornmanage. Generally they have a nice head, small ears, a short, muscular neck and a deep chest with a sloping shoulder. Their back is usually long, an
Sanhe means three rivers in Chinese. Where these threernrivers meet is some of the best forage or grassland in all of China. Sanhe horsesrnare found in the northeast of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region and are usedrnmainly for riding and pulling loads or carting. They are considered the mostrndeveloped of the Chinese horse breeds.
During the Liao dynasty, about 1000 AD, the region was knownrnfor the quality of its horses, some of which were sent to the emperors byrnnomadic tribes. During the Qing dynasty seven hundred years later, the Soulunrnbreed was bred in this area. The Soulun were famous for their appearance andrnperformance under a saddle. These horses were used as cavalry horses againstrninvaders.
Sarcidano Horses ( orCavallo del Sarcidano) are a rare breedrnof semi-feral horse originating from the Altopiano del Sarcidano ("plateaurnof Sarcidano") in the comune of Laconi in the Oristano province ofrnSardinia, Italy. They are one of the fifteen indigenous horse "breeds ofrnlimited distribution" recognised by the AIA, the Italian breeders''rnassociation. Although they should never exceed 148 cm (14.2 hands) at thernwithers, they are officially considered a cavallo or horse, and not a pony.
No use of the Sarcidano horse is documented. In 2001 thernpossibility of starting a few horses for use in trekking were considered.
Sarcidano horses appear to have ancient Spanish ancestry inrncommon with the Andalusian
Schleswig (also known as Schleswiger Heavy Draft, or SchleswigerrnKaltblut) horses are from the Duchy of Schleswig, Germany. They are thought tornbe the origin of the Schleseiger Draft Horse along with the Jutland Heavy DraftrnHorse. Although not a certainty, the Schleswiger Heavy Draft''s ancestors notrnonly worked in agriculture tilling and pulling, but the Schleswigers probablyrndescended from the large war horses of the Middle Ages.
In 1860 an imported English stallion, Oppenheim LXII, eitherrna pure-bred or a part-bred Suffolk Punch, was introduced, and became the foundationrnstallion of the breed. In 1888 the breeding of warmbloods and coldbloods wasrnseparated, and in 1891 various associations of coldblood breeders in
Sella Italiano horses were developed in Italy. The ItalianrnGovernment has passed a law that created a stud book for the new breed. Thernbreed is blending the remnant indigenous Italian breeds of Maremmano Salernitano, and Persano horses with Anglo Arabo Sardo, Purosangue Orientale, rabian and Thoroughbreds. The progeny of said horses can be registered asrnSella Italiano if they can pass a "performance test". Furthermore, the studrnbook is open to other European warmbloods if they can pass the performance testrnand be approved by the breed registry. They are intended to produce a sportrnhorse which can compete successfully at the international level.
Their minimum height at the withers is set at 156rncentimetres (15.1 hands;
Selle Francais horses comes from France, where they are popularrnas a racing horse and have an incredible ability for high jumping. One inrnparticular, the Selle Francais Baloubet De Rouet, was the winner of three WorldrnShow Jumping Championships. Over time they have been cross-bred NorfolkrnTrotters and English Thoroughbreds. Anglo Norman horses and French Trottersrnwere the result of all some of the breeding. Over time various styles of thernSelle Francais horse have been developed for drafting and also for riding. Arnspecific horse named Orange Peel was placed into the blood lines to increasernthe riding abilities.
Selle Francais orses are full of energy and extremely smart.rnThey are also considered to perform at
Senner, or Senne, horses are a critically-endangered German ridingrnhorse. They are believed to be the oldest saddle-horse breed in Germany, and arerndocumented at least as far back as 1160. They are named for the Senne, arnnatural region of dunes and moorland in Nordrhein-Westfalen, in weste Germany, and live in feral herds there and in the Teutoburger Forest to therneast.
Senner horses were bred principally as a riding horse, evenrnin times when working horses were in demand; they were also used as a carriagernhorse. Senner stallions stood at the royal stud of Weil bei Esslingen in aden-Wurttemberg and at the state stud of Lipizza in the Austrian Empire.rnToday, they are competition or recreational riding.
Shagya Arabian horses were developed in the Austro-HungarianrnEmpire during the 19th century at the Babolna, Mezohegyes, Radautz, Piber, andrnTopolcianky stud ranches. Today can be found in Slovenia, Austria, Croatia Serbia, Romania, Poland, and Czech Republic.
Shagya Arab horses originated in Hungary and were developedrnto create a much taller and sleeker version of the traditional Arab styles. Onernof the major founding sires was Shagya (hence the breed''s name), a gray Arabian or perhaps part-Arabian) stallion with some ancestors of the Kehilan andrnSiglavy strains. Born in Syria in 1810, he was taller than the average Arabianrnof the time, standing 15.2 1/2 hands (62.5 inches, 159 cm) at the withers.
Shagya was used mos
Shetland Ponies are the smallest of the British breeds, and unlikernother pony breeds, do not increase in height when bred on more favorable land andrnin a milder climate.
The early 1800s saw a demand for this breed from outside thernShetland Islands (Scotland) where it developed initially this was mainly for circusrnanimals and childrenâ€™s ponies. However, with the abolition of child labor in therncoal mines demand grew even further and large numbers of ponies were sent to Englandrnfor the mines. Buyers from the US had also become interested in the breed and largernconsignments were shipped across the Atlantic.
In 1822 it was estimated there were 10,000 ponies on the ShetlandrnIslands but by the 1890s this figure was down
Shire Horses are the largest - and among the oldest -of the ritish horse breeds. Among its ancestors were the chariot horses of the Britons - described and admired greatly by Julius Caesar two thousand years ago.
For centuries its primary role was as a War Horse (its originalrnname). It has also been known as the Great Horse and the Strong Horse.
Strengthened by crossing with horses imported from Europe (e.g.rnFriesian Horses), the breed was steadily increased in size and strength as thernchain mail and then plate armour of its riders increased in heaviness. This attainedrnits greatest weight in the reign of Henry VIII. An Elizabethan writer estimatedrnthat the average Great Horse could carry up to four hundredweight (450 po
This is an Italian breed originally from eastern Sicily.
We should really referrnto it as a breed of horse with a definite oriental stamp, rather than as a purernand distinct breed.
In fact, we can individuaterntwo distinct ethnic groups: that originating from the eastern parts of the island Catania, Siracuse and Ragusa) has more distinctly dolichomorphic characteristics while the group from the interior is more mesomorphic in form. The latter also hasrnmore of a tendency towards deformed or irregular characteristics.
It is a saddle-horse, usedrnfor riding in the countryside, or for jumping. In the past it was used to pull carriages or as a working horse.
rnIt is tough, powerful and tenacious. Source: Agraria.
Silesian (or Kon slaski, or Slunski kun) horses are warmbloodedrnhorses from the area of historic Silesia, which lies mostly within mode Poland. They are the heaviest of the Polish warmblood breeds, and have beenrninfluenced mainly by Thoroughbred and Oldenburg horses, and partly by EastrnFriesian and German halfbreds. The Oldenburg influence was particularlyrnpronounced after World War II, when imported stallions were used to keep thernbreed from becoming extinct. Two types are recognised in the breed standard, anrnold and a new.
At 3 years old, stallions of the old type stand 160 - 170rncentimetres (15.3 -16.3 hands) at the withers, mares about 2 cm less; the girthrnis 190 - 210 cm (75 - 83 in), and the cannon-bone circumf
Single footing horses come in many varieties, sizes, colorsrnand coat patterns. They must be of good temperament, willing, have endurance easy to train, have good gait, and be smooth at all speeds of gait. They are arnlight breed with a solid conformation. They must be able to perform an evenrn4-beat gait. Some are able to reach speeds of up to 20 mph. At the fastestrnspeeds these horses will be traveling with one foot on the ground at a time thus the name "single-footing." The horse will not have a head nod orrnbob. The Single Footers generally travel with head up, "star gazing."rnThey also tend to round their backs instead of arch them. "Many mayrnstretch out, lowering their heads at the racing single-foot. The horse may havernother gaits
Skyros Ponies are believed to be descended from horsesrnbrought to the island of Skyros during the 5th to 8th centuries BCE by Athenianrncolonists. It is possible that they were used by Alexander the Great in hisrnconquests, and also possible that they are the horses depicted in the friezesrnof the Parthenon.
They developed mainly as semi-feral horses in thernmountainous area on the southern part of the island, although individuals wererncaught and tamed by farmers for agricultural uses. The advances in agriculturalrnmechanization during the 1960''s called into question the survival of the breed as they were no longer needed for farm work and their numbers were already low.rnThe prevalence of feral donkeys in the same area of
Slovak Sport Pony
Slovak Sport Ponies are raised in the areas of Vel''ke Pole and Nitra, Slovakia,and were developed from Thoroughbred, Arabian andrnSlovak Warmblood breeds crossed with Welsh and German riding ponies.
Arngenealogical record was established in 1984. They are mainly gray and sometimesrnblack. Adult males and females weigh on average 354 kg and 248 kg with a heightrnat the cross of 143 cm and 140 cm respectively. They are on average 13.3 - 14.2 hands height.
Sokolsky, or Sokolka, horses originated in Poland. They are usedrnfor heavy draft and farm work, and are a tough breed with great stamina.
Sokolsky horses were developed in the 1900s, and has beenrnheavily influenced by Belgian, Ardennes, Norfolk, Dole/Gudbrandsdal, and nglo-Norman stock. The result of this breeding is a heavy draft horse that isrnnot excessively large, with stamina, toughness, and good gaits.
Sokolsky horses usually stands between 15 and 16 hands high and are chestnut or bay. They have a slightly heavy head with a straightrnprofile, set on a long, broad, and muscular neck. Their shoulders arernwell-formed and sloping, resulting in their good gaits. They tend to have deeprnchests,
Somali Ponies are from Somalia in East Africa. They are geneticallyrnhorses but are considered Ponies because they are pony sized (only 13-13 1/2 hh).rnThe severe climate and poor food sources, in Somalia, have contributed to theirrnsmaller size. They are bred by most tribes excluding the Esa and Geri. ThernDolbanhanta tribe is the breeder of Somali ponies.
They have heavy heads, short, thick necks, with inharmoniousrnconformations. They are able to carry light weight very well and for longrndistances. They have extremely hard hooves; some say harder than the Arabianrnhorses. They can gallop and perform better without shoes because of the terrainrnand the nature of their feet. They can go three days or longer without waterrnan
Sorraia horses come from Portugal and Spain. They receivedrntheir name from where they where originally bred: the Raia and the Sor rivers thatrnflow between Spain and Portugal. They were initially utilized for herding bullsrnall over Iberia. They look similar to Przewalskiâ€™s horse or Tarpan horses, andrnare often mistaken for them. They are found all along the Iberian Peninsula.rnMany experts have taken into account that these Sorraia horses could bernresponsible for many other horse breeds, even some bred in North Africa. Theyrnare currently undergoing a preservation project. They can be found in Lisbon asrnwell as all along the Atlantic coast of Portugal. There were two variations ofrnthe Sorraia horses that were taken to North America
South German Coldblood
South German coldblood, or Suddeutsches Kaltblut, Horses arerndescended from the Austrian Noriker.
In the end of the 19th century the Noriker was introduced to avaria. Holstein and Oldenburg breeds were added to the breeding program inrnUpper Bavaria. In Lower Bavaria Oldenburg, Cleveland Bay, Clydesdales, and elgian Draft Horses were used as outcrosses by those breeders. Over time thernGerman breeders used the original Noriker blood to upgrade their breedingrnprogram. The South German Horse was first named the Pinzgauer Noriker becausernit was bred in the region of Salzburg Province of Austria. In time, the German bredrnbreed became known as the South German Heavy Horse.
Mainly bred in Bavaria and Baden Wurtemburg, t
Soviet Heavy Draft
Soviet Heavy Draft horses originated in Russia at the end ofrnthe 19th century and became established by the 1940''s. The need for a strongrnbut relatively fast draft horse breed was recognized in Russia during the latterrnpart of the 1800''s . The initial breeding took place at the Khrenov stud, andrnfrom there expanded to the Pochinkozsk stud.
They were created by crossing native mares with imported elgian stallions. The native mares were a mix of Percheron, Ardennes, SuffolkrnPunch, Danish and various saddle horse breeds.
By 1936, during the Soviet era, three state breeding centresrnwere established: Pochinkovsk, Mordovian and Gavrilovo-Posad. Alexandroz farmrnin the Vladimir region and Yaroslavl farm branch
Spanish Barb horses originated in America. They are a crossrnbetween Barb and Andalusian horses. They are known to be extremely resilient good riders, and possess an immaculate cow sense. Andalusian ancestry has givenrnthem good conformation and responsiveness.
They average in the range of 13.3 to 15 hands high. They arernfound in bay, dark bay, and black, with grays appearing because of Andalusianrninfluence. Their head is narrow and refined with a convex profile, their neckrnis arched and their withers pronounced. Their thick body is indicative of its stayingrnpower, although they have thin legs, that are not. Overall, they are an elegantrnmix of the Andalusian and Barb horses.
In recent years the International
The original Spanish Jennet was a type of horse more than arndistinct breed, and became extinct. However there have been effort to recreaterna colored variety of gaited horse that resembles the historical Jennet.
The Jennet was a smooth-gaited type of horse popular in thernMiddle Ages, known for their presence, style and smooth ride. They were oftenrnridden by European nobility. Some early Jennets sported pinto or leopardrnpatterns.
Most of the Medieval horses bred during the 1500''s in Spainrnand elsewhere were not "breeds" in the modern sense of the word. ThernJennet from Spain became more uniform in type due to a single geographicalrnregion producing them as well as generations of selective breeding d
Spanish-Norman horses are considered to be an exclusive andrnrare breed. Genetically Spanish-Norman horses are a blending of Andalusian and Percheronrnhorses. They are suited for many disciplines including fighting. They were usedrnon the battlefields in Europe by noblemen.
In 1991 the Spanish-Norman Horse Registry was created tornrecord the pedigrees of this special breed. The Registry was started by Allanrnand Linda Osterman Hamid of Hamid Hill Farm, Ltd., Woodbury, Connecticut.
They stand between 15.5hh and 17 hands. Their colors includerngray, bay, and black. They are an extremely athletic breed, are calm, docile intelligent, easy to train, willing, have long arched necks, short backs, solidrnshoulders, pow
Spiti Ponies (also known asrnChamurthi Ponies) are a gaited pony from India. They are indigenous to the PinrnValley which is found in a Buddhist tribal district called Spiti.
Spiti is a unique andrnisolated area located in the state of Himachal Pradesh in north-western India a high altitude desert which is closed off from the rest of the country for 6rnmonths of the year by snow on the high passes which access this region. To therneast lies Tibet, in the west is another remote district often linked withrnSpiti, called Lahaul, to the north is the famous high altitude area known asrnLadakh, and to the south lie the foothills of the Himalayas. Once the highrnpasses are crossed, you enter a completely different landscape. The land is ar
Spotted Saddle are light riding horses from the UnitedrnStates. They were developed from small gaited pinto ponies of Spanish ancestry.rnThese were crossed with larger American breeds such as the Morgan andrnStandardbred, developed after the American Revolution, to increase size whilernretaining coloration and the desired gait. After the American Civil War additional gaited blood was added, with contributing breeds including thernTennessee Walking Horse, Missouri Fox Trotter, Paso Fino, and Peruvian Paso.rnMustangs from the American West were also incorporated. Originally developed inrncentral Tennessee, and selectively bred for pinto coloration, they were usedrnfor general pleasure and trail riding. The result is a colorful, smooth-gaitedr
Standardbred horses are an American horse breed best known harnessrnracing, where members of the breed compete at either a trot or pace. They are robust rugged, loyal, sensible, level-headed, willing, and capable of doing any jobrnasked. Standardbred horses have a reputation for being ''bombproof'' and manyrnadoptions off the racetrack find homes as stellar trail horses for families.rnStandardbred horses have also been used as police horses for theirrndependability and stoicism. Standardbreds adapt easily to any riding disciplinernand show intelligence and willingness. Therefore, you will find them more andrnmore as outstanding horses in many riding styles and all types of competition.
Suffolk Punch horses have a long and well-established historyrnas a draught animal of English origin. Arthur Young, one of the earliest writersrnon British livestock, and who himself came from Suffolk, was the first to refer in 1771, to the area''s ''noble breed of hoofs'', as a distinct breed. He noted thatrneven in his childhood (he was born in 1741) the Suffolk was referred to as "ThernOld Breed." It is almost certainly the oldest existing pure breed of draught horsernto have originated in England.
William Youatt in 1837, and David Low in 1845, both equally renownedrnas recorders of early livestock in Britain, also wrote enthusiastically of the Suffolk noting its distinctive ''stout or punchy form'', with large head and deep neck
Swedish Ardennes horses were developed in Sweden when thernCount C.G. Wrangle brought large Ardennes horses to the country in 1872. Byrn1880 most parts of south and central Sweden had imported or crossed Ardennes.rnThese heavier horses were bred with the horse of the Swedish countryside. Thernresulting horse was very mobile and marked by longevity. So successful was thernbreeding effort that a stud book was opened in 1901.
For years, the wild horse population of Sweden wasrnindiscriminately crossed with other imported breeds. Even when studs beganrnfocusing their breeding efforts, however, horses were chosen more for theirrnouter looks than well examined conformation standards. By 1874, this had allrnchanged and examin
Swedish Warmblood horses were developed at Stromsholm andrnFlyinge. They are descended from imported stock in the 17th century fromrnDenmark, Germany, England, Hungary, France, Russia, Spain, and Turkey. Thesernhorses were extraordinarily varied, but along the way became the Swedish Warmblood.
The decade from 1920 to 1930 was an important decade in therndevelopment of the breed. The three most noticeable influences on the breedrnwere Tribun, Hamlet, and Thoroughbred Hamplemann, all Hanoverians Schwabliso. fter 1945, the Trakehners Heristal, Heinfried, Anno, and Polarstern had arndominant effect upon the breed. Heristal was a descendant of the great Englishrnracehorse Hyperion. He produced 15 stallions and 44 mares that were e
Taishu (taishu uma) or Tsushima (Tsushima uma) are small rarernJapanese horses from Tsushima Island in the Korea Strait, in NagasakirnPrefecture, Japan.
They are an ancient breed, believed to date back to therneighth century. In 1920, there were more than 4000 of them, but only about 65 remainrntoday. Due to their gentle nature and strong willingness to obey, Tiasho arernoften ridden by farmers'' wives and children. Nevertheless, they are also knownrnfor endurance and ability to survive on little food and in severe weather, andrnmay even be used for light draft.
Tarpans are a now extinct wild horse from Russia. The lastrntwo on the planet died within a decade of each other in the late 19th century.
Essentially the Tarpan is one of the few wild equines thatrnexisted during prehistoric times and they are thought to be the ancestors ofrnmost modern breeds that come from the Russian Steppes. Originally they werernfound throughout Eastern Europe and western Russia and became the foundationrnstock for many civilizations along the eastern Mediterranean. For thousands ofrnyears they were a mainstay in many cultures and their blood is a part of a widernvariety of modern breeds.
They were hunted to extinction in a similar manner as thernmodern Mustang is today in the western US. Lan
Tawleed horses are from the mountainous areas of the Sudan. Theyrnare extremely easy to keep. They are strong and sturdy with excellentrnendurance. They are good riding horses.
A light horse breed founded in middle Tennessee, the TennesseernWalking Horse is a composition of Narragansett and Canadian Pacer, Standardbred Thoroughbred, Morgan, and American Saddlebred stock. Originally bred as a utilityrnhorse, this breed is an ideal mount for riders of all ages and levels of experience.rnThe breed easily adapts to English or Western gear, and its calm, docile temperamentrncombined with naturally smooth and easy gaits insure the popularity of the TennesseernWalking Horse as the "world''s greatest show, trail, and pleasure horse."
Owning a Tennessee Walking Horse is affordable, with a pricernrange for every person''s pocketbook. Considering the breed''s easy ride, the companionship its dependability, Tennessee W
Tennuvian horses are a cross between Tennessee WalkingrnHorses and Peruvian Pasos. Although there is a strong chance these two breeds havernbeen crossed before, the Tennuvian name was officially coined by Paula Bosnerrnof Colorado.
Paule purchased one of these crosses and immediately fell inrnlove with the animal, so much so that she sold off her quarter horses andrnbought a Peruvian stallion for breeding.
Tennuvian horses have smooth gaits much like TennesseernWalking Horses; however they are smaller. They have a head much like a PeruvianrnPaso Fin small and refined. They are able to gait for long distances, haverngood endurance, good hoof, comes in all colors and is comfortable for thernrider. The temperament is gentle, int
Tersk, also known as Tersky, horses were founded inrnUkraine. They are primarily used for racing, competition, endurance training and sports. They are considered to be calm and very hardy.
Tersk horses were developed sometime during thernnineteenth century as military mounts. That time they were referred to as Streletskyrnhorses. By the time the twentieth century they suffered a massive decrease inrnpopularity. There were two variations that survived referred to as Tsilindr and Tsenitel.rnIn the early nineteen hundreds, around 1925, a brand new breed had formed. Theyrnwere noted to be found in the Tersk Stud and that became the new name fromrnthere on. Today they can be found in Georgia, Turkey, Armenia, around thernRussian Federa
Thoroughbreds are most commonly associated with horse racingrnbut they excel in many area. They originated in Britain starting in the late 17th century for speed and racingrnwith the influence of Arabian bloodlines. Today, they continue to dominate the racingrnindustry but Thoroughbreds also excel in eventing, show jumping, and dressage. Theyrncome in a variety of solid colors like bay, chestnut, and black and, on very rarernoccasions, palomino and pinto. On average, a Thoroughbred stands between 15 andrn17 hands high (60â€ to 68â€at the shoulder) and weighs from 1,000 to 1,200 poundsrnwith a lean build.
There have literally been hundreds of famous thoughbredsrnincludeing:
Tebetan Ponies are descended from ancient stock, likelyrnpartly from Mongolian Ponies and Chinese pony breeds, although they have beenrnbred pure for years. They are are well-regarded by the local people, and theyrnhave been traditionally kept by both wealthy Tibetans and farmers alike, asrnwell as by the Dalai Lama. They were sent as gifts to Chinese Emperors especially during the Ming and Tang dynasties.
As small as they are the ponies are known for theirrnincredible strength and endurance, for sure-footedness and resilience. Theirrnheads usually have a pronounced jaw line, straight profile, and small ears andrneyes. The neck is a muscular and a short, the chest is deep, the shoulder isrnstraight. The ponies have pow
Timor Ponies evolved on the Indonesian island of Timor, probablyrnfrom Indian breeds that were imported to the island. On Timor these ponies are mainlyrnused for cattle work, as well as for riding, driving, and light farm work.
Timor Ponies are described as being strong, frugal, and agile and are lovely natured and intelligent. They have a narrow frame, short back, muscularrnneck, prominent withers, and a sloping croup. Their shoulders are straight, andrnthe legs and feet are strong. Timor ponies usually stand 10-12 hands high (betweenrnabout one and 1.2 meters), and are usually brown, black or bay, but may also berngrey. They sometimes have a light colored mane and tail.
During the first half of the nineteenth century, a nu
Tokara Horses (Tokara uma ) are believed to be indigenous tornJapan and are currently raised in the Tokara Islands, a chain of Island inrnKagoshima. They are known for their tolerance to heat and have been used forrnagriculture, conveyance, and sugar cane squeezing.
There are now 107 Tokara ponies, some of them on display atrnHirakawa Zoo in Kagoshima.
The Tolfetano horse isrnoriginally from central Italy, and in particular from Monti della Tolfa, the arearnbetween Rome and Viterbo which was once Etruscan.
The breed was already well-knownrnat the time of the Etruscans. It is very hardy, and still bred in the wild. Thisrnbreed is strong, well-built and tough.
Once used as a pack-horsernand for rounding up cattle, it is now normally used for riding in the countryside or raised for meat on pasturage unsuitable for cattle.
Tori, or Tori Hobune, horses were developed at the Tori studrnin Estonia from 1890 to 1950. They were developed by crossing native Estonianrnmares with European half bred stallions. They were mainly founded by a stallionrnnamed Hetman, whose sire was Stewart, a crossbreed of a Norfolk Trotter and an nglo-Norman mare. The Tori breed was formed by breeding Hetman and his sons.rnThus, a valuable breeding nucleus rapidly formed, that slowed as signs ofrninbreeding depression were found in the 1930''s. This deteriorated performancernand robustness. To eliminate this inbreeding depression, Toris were crossedrnwith Breton Post-horse stallions, and as a result, the massive type of Torirnbecame widespread while the quality of the gaits declined. The
Trait Du Nord
Trait du Nords are heavy draft horses developed and bred inrnFrance. Trait du Nord''s ancestry includes bloodlines from the Ardennes, elgian, and Boulonnais breeds, and are sometimes incorrectly referred to as arnbranch of Ardennais horses. They became recognized as a separate breed of theirrnown at the beginning of the 20th century, and the studbook for the Trait durnNord was established in 1919. Today, although they are still bred in the arearnaround Lille, in the Pas-de-Calais, the Aisne, the Somme, and the Seine-et-Marnerndepartments, they are declining in numbers.
They have a reputation for great pulling power andrnhardiness, as well a calm disposition. They are considered well-suited to draftrnand farm work in hi
Trakehner Horses (official name: "The East PrussianrnWarmblood Horse of Trakehner Origin" ) are the oldest warmblood breed inrnthe world, with a history spanning amost 300 years. They originated from arnsmall horse, bred in East Prussia , known as the "Schwaike". ThernSchwaike was known for his versatility and endurance. When this breed wasrncrossed with imported English thoroughbred and Arabian stallions, the resultingrnhorse was named after the main stud it came from: Trakehnen. They originallyrnwere bred as Calvary mounts.
In the early 18th century, King Friedrich Wilhelm I realizedrnthat a new type of cavalry mount was needed as war tactics had changed andrndemanded a faster, lighter horse that also possessed power and enduranc
Turk (also known as Turkmene, Turkmen, or Turkmenian) horsesrnare an ancient Turkoman breed. They are thought to be extinct in its pure form.rnHorses bred in Turkmenistan are still called by the same name; however mostrnlikely the purest descendants of this ancient breed are the Barb, Akhal-Teke and Iomud horses. Of the three, Akhal-Teke breeding has been kept the purestrnand probably the closest to actual Turkoman blood.
The original Turk horses was a robust animal built forrncarrying heavily armed soldiers into battle - this build remains in the breedrnof today.
On average they were 15 - 16 hands high. Their head was wellrnproportioned with a straight profile. Their neck was long and lean. Their backrnwas long and straight
Unmols are a rare breed of horse from north-weste unjab in Pakistan. In 1995 its conservation status was listed by the FAO asrn"critical" and they were described as "nearly extinct".rnThe subsequent (third) edition of the World Watch List for Domestic AnimalrnDiversity, published in 2000, does not mention them; nor were they among thernbreeds listed in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources in 2007.rnUnmol horses are, or were, usually bay or grey.There are or were a small numberrnin India.
Uzunyayla horses come from the Caucasus. Their origin datesrnto 1854 in Turkey. They were bred pure in Turkey until 1930, when Anadolu ponyrnand Nonius horses were introduced.
Uzunyayla horses have a large head with a concave profile;rntheir eyes are small; their neck is of medium length; their withers are wellrnpronounced; their legs are strong with good joints; their pasterns are slopedrnand very strong; their feet are well shaped and have a tough horn. They arernusually bay in colour. The feathering on their legs are coarse, and their tailrngrows very long. They stand between 14.1 and 15.1 hands (57 and 61 inches, 145rnand 155 cm) high.
They are very good for riding long distances. Uzunyaylarnhorses have a good gal
The name of this populationrnof horses comes from the mountain of the same name located in the high Val d''Enza in the province of Reggio Emilia, where the presence of horses has been documentedrnfrom the times of the Duke Ferdinand of Bourbon to those of the Serenissimi Farnesernand the Duchy of Maria Louisa of Austria. Even after the unification of Italy andrnup to the 1940s these lands continued to supply horses to the army. In the lastrnforty years the stud farm of Ramiseto and the Borzacchi-Bertoldi stud have continuedrnwith stallions of English derivation and â€˜improvedâ€™ maremmanos. In the 1960s the ertoldis used a Lipizzano stallion and an improved maremmano stallion, from whichrnthe majority of the oldest brood mares making up th
Virginia Highlanders are a small breed of horse with arnfour-beat ambling gait.
The inspiration for the breed was Pogo, a chestnut stallionrnfoaled in 1960, a small crossbred horse, thought to have been sired by a Welshrnpony, out of an Arabian/Tennessee Walker mare. He had a natural singlefootrngait. His owner, William M. Pugh, intrigued by the good-natured, naturallyrngaited stallion, developed a breeding program for small gaited horses, byrncrossing Pogo and his descendants with other Arabians, Tennessee Walkers Morgans, and American Saddlebreds as well as Hackney ponies, and Welsh ponies.rnHorses that met Pugh''s criteria for conformation, disposition and gaitedrnability were bred on. The registry began with two foundation stalli
Vlaamperds are nearly extinct horses that were developed forrndraft and riding purposes in South Africa. They were developed in the Weste Cape from a 19th century horse called the Hantam Horse. The Hantam Horse camernabout by crossing Arabians, Thoroughbreds, and local Cape mares. More recently Friesian stallions were bred with Hantam Mares as were Oldenburgs and Cleveland ays. The resulting Vlamperd have emerged as a good natured horse breed withrngraceful conduct and a stylish high stepping action.
They can be used underrnsaddle or in harness. The name is derived from the Afrikaans for Flanders''rnHorse - the country from which a number of Friesian stallions were laterrnexported to improve the breed.
Vladimir Heavy Draft
Vladimir Heavy Draft horses come from Vladimir, in the formerrnUSSR. They are a strong draft horse of medium size.
They were developed mainly from imported British horses;rnconsisting of the Suffolk Punch, Clydesdale and Shire horses. Some Ardennes andrnPercheron horses were also used. In 1946, the Vladimir Heavy Draft was found tornbe breeding sufficiently true to be type to consider it a true breed. Thisrnquick-maturing, strong, heavy horse is popular for draft work. It is also usedrnfor pulling Vladimir trokia sleighs. Today, they are bred widely.
Their head is large and long, with a Roman nose (convexrnprofile) or straight. Their jaw line is heavy. Their ears are pricked forward.rnTheir neck is strong and l
Vyatka horses have been in danger of extinction for severalrnyears. They originated in the areas around Vyatka and Obva river basins of thernformer USSR and have probably been influenced by both Klepper and Konik ponies while almost certainly being a descendant of the Tarpan.
They are extremely useful and versatile ponies and havernstamina, hardiness, and endurance. They are used for riding and driving and arerncommonly used for pulling the traditional troikas; they are also useful forrnlight agricultural work. They have an excellent willing and honest temperamentrnwhich makes them easy to handle.
In appearance, they have a wide forehead, small, clean cutrnhead, set onto a strong, thick, fleshy neck. The
Waler horses were given their name by the area in which theyrncame from, New South Wales in Australia. They are a result of being taken overrnby the hands of eager settlers aiming to get a new life for themselves andrnbecome more prosperous. Thoroughbreds, Clydesdales, Shires, Arabs, and EnglishrnNative Breeds were all introduced into this breed over time. The Indonesianrnstyle horse, the Timor Pony became the most positive source for the Waler horsernto evolve. It was this cross breeding that helped aid in keeping the horsernbreed strong and making it more agile. They began to become the ideal horse breedrnfor military use; they have an excellent stride, fast pace, and an immensernamount of energy. Even though they were thought of as great
Walkaloosa horses are a gaited horse with appaloosarnpatterning. The gaited horse with appaloosa patterning has been documented inrnhistory for hundreds, even thousands of years. Then in 1938 when the animalsrnwho exhibited LP complex (the genetic factor that causes the spotting of the AppaloosarnHorse) were brought together to form the registry that became the AppaloosarnHorse Club, the gaited animals were lumped together with all appaloosarnpatterned horses as the stock that became Registered Appaloosas.
Although the ApHC has years of crosses with many otherrnstyles of horses that became the breeds of Quarter Horse, Arabian, andrnThoroughbred, the breeders shied way from including the naturally gaitedrnanimals in their bree
Welara ponies are a cross between Arabian horses and Welshrnponys. They were developed by Lady Wentworth of Sussex, England. The sire wasrnSkowronek, a Polish bred. The mares were imported from Coed Coch Welsh studrnfarm in North Wales. In 1981 a group of ranchers in southern Californiarnestablished the breed. This cross had been done for years and the offspringrnwere thought to be exceptional. This registry was set up to recognize andrnbenefit the Welarea Pony. Welsh Cobs are also acceptable in the breedingrnprogram. The registry has grown in the last number of years and include poniesrnworldwide.
Welara Ponies are beautiful and refined, gentle, quick, and intelligent.rnThey learn quickly and are versatile. They have
Welsh Pony and Cob
The Welsh Pony and Cob are a group of fourrnclosely related horse breeds including both pony and cob types, whichrnoriginated in Wales in the United Kingdom. The four sections within the breedrnsociety for the Welsh breeds are primarily distinguished by height, but also byrnvariations in type: the Welsh MountainrnPony, the Welsh Pony, thernWelsh Pony of Cob Type, and the Welsh Cob. Welsh ponies and cobs arernknown for their good temperament, hardiness, and free-moving gaits.
Native poniesrnexisted in Wales before 1600 BC, and a Welsh-type cob was known as early as thernMiddle Ages. They were influenced by Arabian horses, and possibly also by Thoroughbredrnand Hackney horses. In 1901, the first stud book for the Welsh breeds wasr
Westphalian, or Westfalen, horses are warmblood horses bredrnin the Westphalia region of western Germany. They are closely affiliated withrnthe state-owned stud farm of Warendorf, which it shares with the Rhinelander.rnSince World War II, the Westphalian horse has been bred to the same standard asrnthe other German warmbloods, and they are particularly famous as Olympic-levelrnshow jumpers and dressage horses. Next to the Hanoverian, the Westphalianrnstudbook has the largest breeding population of any warmblood in Germany.
The history of the Westphalian horse is linked with thernState Stud of Warendorf, which was founded in 1826 to serve the NorthrnRhine Westphalian region. The stud was built under the Prussian Stud dministrat
Wielkopolski horses originated in Central and Weste olandrnin 1964. Their name comes from Wielkopolska ("Great Poland"), arnregion in west central Poland centred on Poznan.
Wielkopolski horses were developed by crossing two nowrnextinct Polish breeds, the Pozan and the Mazury, so it is also referred to as Mazursko-Poznanskirnhorses. The Pozan, or Poznan, horse was developed in Poland. This breed isrnextremely rare. These horses are known to be quite noteworthy. It was bred atrnthe studs at Posadowo, Racot, and Gogolewo. The Pozan was a mixture of Arabian Thoroughbred, Trakehner, and Hanoverian blood. It was a middleweight farmrnworker, very versatile, used for riding and agricultural work. The Mazury, alsornknown as the Masure
Wurttemberger horses have excellent temperaments, combiningrna sensible attitude with lively and free action. These traits may havernoriginally been due to their use as draft horse and Arabian blood. They arerntough and economical to feed when compared to Thoroughbreds.
The standard Wurttemberger stands around 16.1 hands high and is usually bay, chestnut, brown, or black in color. They have average-sizedrnheads with a straight profile, a good neck, and prominent withers. Their chestrnis deep and the shoulders are sloping and well-muscled in most cases. The backrnis long and straight and the croup sloping. They have muscular legs with hard well-formed hooves.
Xilingol horses are a light horse from central InnerrnMongolia that is used both for riding and for draft purposes. In the 1960s they were developed by breeding the Russian Thoroughbred, Akhal-Teke, Sanhe and Chinese Mongolian, after which Kabarda and Don Breeding were introducedrninto the breed. Xilingol horses stand at 15.2 hands high and come in all solidrncolors.
Yakutian horse (also known as the Yakut horse, Yakut pony or simply the Yakut) are a rare native horse from the Siberian Sakha Republic or Yakutia) region. They impressive om their adaptation to the extreme coldrnclimate of Yakutia, including the ability to locate and graze on vegetation thatrnis under deep snow cover, and to survive without shelter in temperatures thatrnreach -70 Â°C (-94 Â°F).
Yakutian horse appear to have evolved from domesticatedrnhorses brought with the Yakuts when they migrated to the area beginning in thern13th century, and are not descended from wild horses known to inhabit the arearnin Neolithic times.
They are small, averaging 150 centimetres (14.3 hands) andrnshares some outward charact
Yanqi ponies are found in China in north Xinjiang. Itsrninfluences were the Mongolian, Don, and Orlov Trotter. Yanqi are used forrnriding and light draft work.
Yili is a small horse from the north-western Xinjiang regionrnof China. They originated around 1900 from Russian breeds crossed withrnMongolian stock. Don, and Don-Thoroughbred crosses as well as Orlov Trottersrnwere used from 1936 on to improve the native horses. In 1963 the decision wasrnmade to aim for a draft-type horse.
Yili horses are compact and harmonious in conformation withrna light head and straight profile. Their withers are well pronounced and theirrnback is short and strong, though their loin is long. Yili horses are normallyrnbay, chestnut, black or gray. Their legsrnare clean with well-defined tendons; their front legs are correctly set andrnwell-muscled while their hind legs tend to be sickled and some toe out.
Yonaguni Horses (Yonaguni uma) are native to southwestrnJapan, specifically Yonaguni Island. In 1939, when all local breeds began to bernimproved to produce larger war horses, the Yonaguni on their remote island werernexcluded from the plan, and the breed has been preserved. Still, due to thernmechanization of agriculture, their number progressively decreased. Today fewer than 200 are known to live in Japan.
Yonaguni Horses arernsmall and considered to be pony height typically 11 hands (44 inches, 112 cm).
Zanskari Ponies are bred in the high altitude Zanskar regionrnof Ladakh in eastern Jammu and Kashmir State of India. They are very similar tornSpiti ponies but they are more adaptable for higher altitude where they arernused as work horses.
They stand 120-140 cm in height, and weigh 320-450 kg. Theirrncoloration runs from usually grey to black, though some specimens are arnreddish, coppery color. They are able to carry heavy loads at high altitude andrnare used for work. They are well built with promiant eyes, fine, long glossyrnhair, and a long heavy tail.
Zansikari Ponies arre strong and hard workers. They canrncarry heavy loads at high altitudes. They are also used for pleasure riding andrnshowing, as well.
Zeeland (also known as Dutch Heavy Draft or Zeeuwse Trekpaard) horses are an old Dutch Breedrnthat was influential in the development of the Belgian and Dutch draft horses.rnDutch and Belgian carriage horses are very similar and their registries willrnoften take animals from the other country. It is thought that the breeding ofrnthe Zeeland horse began early in the 17th century. Initially they wererndeveloped not only as a carriage horse, but as a robust workhorse for wartime agriculture, and mining. In fact, a large portion of the Dutch economy dependedrnon the strength of these animals. They were highly prized animals well into thern20th century when mechanical transport became more effective. However, afterrnthe Second World War, Zeeland
Zemaituka horses (also known as Zamituka, Zemaichu Zhemaichu, Zhmudk, or Zhmud) comes from Lithuania and are a forest type that isrnpart of the Konik family.
They were bred in Lithuania since the 16th century and werernused by local people for farming and transportation. Throughout the years theyrnhave been influenced by various other exotic types and more recently in thern19th century Arabian stock was added. By the start of the 20th century therernwere two distinct types within the breed, one lighter and more refined (thoughrnfewer in numbers) and a heavier animal without the Arabian refinement.
Once popular, the breed was brought to the brink ofrnextinction by changing agricultural demands and World War II. In 2010, the
Zweibrucker, or Zweibrucken, are warmblooded horses thatrnwere originally bred at the state-owned stud facilities in Zweibrucken, Germany one of Germany''s smaller state run facilities.) However since 1977 they havernbeen breed under the jurisdiction of the Horse Breeders'' Association of Rhineland-Palatinate-Saar PRPS). Modern Zweibrucker horses are elegant, large-framed, correct sportrnhorses with powerful, elastic gaits suitable for dressage, show jumping eventing, and combined driving.
The Zweibrucker stud program was founded in the mid-18thrncentury and populated with animals of noble bearing. These animals wererncarefully crossed and further improved upon until 1801 when the farm was moved.rnNapoleon saw several Zweibruc