All Sheep Breeds All Sheep Breeds

About  Sheep Sheep

Sheep Breeds

Domestic sheep are a multi-purpose livestock. Sheep are raised for fleece, meat, and milk. There are more than 200 breed and there are over one billion domestic sheep in the world.

Most people think Sheep are dumb, but they are wrong. Their flocking behavior and quickness to flee and panic can make shepherding a difficult endeavor for the uninitiated. Despite these perceptions, a University of Illinois study of sheep reported them to be just below pigs and on par with cattle in IQ. Sheep can recognize individual human faces, and remember them for years. In addition to long-term facial recognition of individuals, sheep can also differentiate emotional states through facial characteristics. If worked with patiently, sheep may learn their names and many sheep are trained to be led by halter for showing and other purposes. Sheep have also responded well to clicker training. It has been reported that some sheep have apparently shown problem-solving abilities; a flock in West Yorkshire, England allegedly found a way to get over cattle grids by rolling on their backs.

Breeds of Sheep

There are the following breeds of Sheep:

Acipayam - Breeds of SheepAcipayam

Acipayam sheep are a multi-purpose breed (wool. Milk, and meat) that originated in Turkey that was developed by crossing Awassi and Daglic sheep.

Acipayam rams average 65 kg (140 lb) and ewes 60 kg (130 lb) at maturity. Both have white, coarse wool.

Adal - Breeds of SheepAdal

Adal are raised for meat and are from Ethopia. They are mainly found in the region surrounding Dancalia in northeastern Ethiopia. They are a hair sheep breed.

Adal sheep are smaller sized and unicolored from white to dark brown. Occasionally they are also pied or dark brown. They generally have short ears, and often earless. Both rams and ewes are generally polled (without horns).

Their average birth weight is around ...

Afghan Arabi - Breeds of SheepAfghan Arabi

Afghan Arabi sheep are fat-rumpled sheep found in northern Afghanistan used for meat and milk production. They generally are polled and have long pendulous ears.

Typically, they are grey or black with white on their face and the average height of mature ewes is 48 cm (19 in).

Africana - Breeds of SheepAfricana

Africana sheep (also known as Pelona, Camura, Red African, Rojo Africana, Colombian Wooless, or West African sheep) are found in Colombia and Venezuela. They are very similar to Pelibuey sheep in size and confirmation.

They are usually brown, ranging in shade from tan to brown and cherry-red to dark red. They are is raised for meat and classified as a hair breed.

Afrino - Breeds of SheepAfrino

Afrino are a fine wool, dual-purpose sheep.

During the late 1960s, a request was made to the Department of Agriculture by the wool industry, via the South African Agricultural Union, to develop a white-wooled breed for extensive sheep grazing areas. In 1976, it was evident that the crossing of 25 percent Merino, 25 percent Ronderib Afrikaner, and 50 percent South African Mutton Merino best fulfilled the requirements set for the ...

Alai - Breeds of SheepAlai

Alai sheep are a dual-purpose breed raised for its meat and wool from Kyrgyzstan.

They are white with occasional spots on their legs and heads. Their wool is semi-coarse and often used in carpet. Rams may be either horned or polled; however, they ewes are all polled.

Alai sheep are a fat-rump breed and are specifically adapted to living conditions of the Alay Valley region (above 3 km (1.9 mi) above sea level). 

Alcarrena - Breeds of SheepAlcarrena

Alcarrena sheep are medium-wooled meat found in the La Alcarria, Guadalajara, and the Cuenca regions of New Castille, Spain.

They are of the Entrefino type. Sometimes they have light-brown markings on the head and legs, and occasionally they are all black. Both sexes are polled.

Algarve Churro - Breeds of SheepAlgarve Churro

Algarve Churro sheep are from Portugal and used for meat.

They are white with black spots on the feet and head. However, about 10% of them are completely black.

Mature rams grow on average to 95 cm (37 in) at the withers and weigh 75 kg (170 lb). However, ewes grow to 85 cm (33 in) at the withers and weigh 55 kg (120 lb) at maturity.

Algerian Arab - Breeds of SheepAlgerian Arab

Algerian Arab sheep (also known as Ouled Jellal or Western Thin-tailed sheep) are found throughout Algeria. They are adapted to arid climates and it is believed that they evolved from the Tadmit sheep in Algeria. They produce carpet-grade wool but they are primarily raised for meat.

They are white and have long legs. The males are horned and the females are polled.

Alpagota - Breeds of SheepAlpagota

Alpagota, or Pagota, sheep are from Italy (Lamon, Vicentina and Istriana; Belluno and Venezia Provinces). They are well suited to the local hills and mountains.

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Alpines Steinschaf - Breeds of SheepAlpines Steinschaf

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Alpines Steinschaf are mountain sheep from the Eastern Alps of Austria and southern Germany. They are used for wool and meat… and for keeping the grass down.

Alpines Steinschaf sheep are fine-boned and small to medium sized. Rams weigh 55 to 80 kg (121 to 176 lb), and ewes 40 to 60 kg (88 to 132 lb).

They are found in all coat colors and sometimes their face and ears are marked with black. Their face and lower legs ar ...

Altamurana - Breeds of SheepAltamurana

Altamurana sheep are a medium-sized Milk sheep from the Bari and Foggia Provinces, in the Apulia Region of southern Italy.

Altamurana sheep are white with occasionally dark spots on their faces. They are well adapted to live on arid soils. Altamurana sheep come down from the ovines of Asian race or Syrian of the Sanson and just from the stock of Zackei.

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Altay - Breeds of SheepAltay

Altay sheep are from the dry, cold mountain basins of China.

They are fat-rumped and are sometimes raised for carpet wool (they average 2.5 to 3.5 pounds, 1.3 - 1.5 kg, of wool per shearing), but more often they are raised for meat.

Over time Altay sheep gradually developed a fat tail (or rump) as a consistent characteristic. The tail (or rump) weighs about 15 pounds (7 kg). The rams average 180 pounds (82 kg) and the ...

American Blackbelly - Breeds of SheepAmerican Blackbelly

American Blackbelly sheep are a composite breed resulting from the crossing of Barbados Blackbelly with Mouflon and Rambouillet breeds. As the name implies, the underbelly of the American Blackbelly is black, as is the inside of the legs, the back part of the thighs, and the hair inside the ears. Two black facial barbs extend down the muzzle medial to the eye, giving the breed an exotic appearance.

Through selective breeding, the Ame ...

Ancon - Breeds of SheepAncon

Ancon sheep have long bodies with short legs. Their fore-legs are crooked. This type of sheep was bred from a single Massachusetts, USA, lamb. The Ancon sheep are quite desirable because they cannot jump over fences. The Ancon name has been applied to other strains of sheep. Scientists used the Ancon for genetic research and after it was no longer needed for study it was allowed to become extinct. Excavations of the Ancon have been done in ...

Apennine - Breeds of SheepApennine

Apennine sheep (also known as Appenninica, Bariscianese, Chietina Varzese, or Perugina del piano) are white sheep that were found in the 1970s in central Italy, mainly in Toscana, Emilia, Umbria, arche, Abruzzi regions of Italy. They were developed by crossbreeding the local breed with other Italian or exotic breeds such as: Bergamasca and Ile-de-France. There are an estimated 250,000 heads, spread out over central and southern Italy.

Arabi - Breeds of SheepArabi

Arabi, also known as Afghan Arabi, Sheep are fat-rumped sheep from Northern Afghanistan. They typically have long pendulous ears; they also generally have black or white faces. The Arabi rams have horns and the ewes are polled (hornless). They are raised for meat and wool production.

Most likely Arabi sheep are descended from very ancient importations from Arabia across the narrow Bal-el-Mandeb Straits at the mouth of the Red Sea ...

Aragonesa - Breeds of SheepAragonesa

Aragonesa are a dual-purpose, medium wool sheep raised mainly for its meat. They are the second most important Spanish breed after the Merino. Spanish sheep breeds of medium quality wool are considered to have originated from the crossbreeding of fine-wool strains (Merino) and those with coarse wool (Churra and Lacha), though this viewpoint is overly simplistic.

Aragonesa sheep are known for ruggedness, gregarious instinct, pasturing ...

Arapawa Island - Breeds of SheepArapawa Island

Historical records suggest that sheep have been known on Arapawa Island, NZ, in the Marlborough Sounds for at least 130 years.

Most likely the Arapawa feral sheep are escapees of a flock of Merino Sheep.

To those unused to their distinctive appearance, Arapawa sheep may at first acquaintance seem ungainly or even ugly, with their somewhat hunched appearance and often ragged fleece. Certainly they bear little resemblan ...

Argentine Merino - Breeds of SheepArgentine Merino

Argentine Merino are dual-purpose (fine wool and meat) sheep from Argentina. They were developed from Criollo sheep crossed with Spanish and Saxony Merinos and later Rambouillets.

Arkhar-Merino - Breeds of SheepArkhar-Merino

Arkhar-Merino sheep were developed at the Kurmektinski research station between 1934 to 1949 in Kazakhstan. They were produced by crossbreeding wild Arkhar rams and Precoce merino ewes.

In 1994 Arkhar-Merino sheep were transferred to Arasbaran research station which is attached to the Research Center for Natural Resources and Domestic Animals of East Azerbaijan.

Arkhar-Merino sheep have a firm and expanded skeleton ...

Arles Merino - Breeds of SheepArles Merino

Arles Merino is one of worlds 20 merino sheep breeds. They were developed in the South of France, by using local merino, Spanish merino (Est a Laine Merinos) and Australian Booroola sheep. The sheep were first selected by the greatest amount of wool and fine wool. However, currently the primary breeding goal is milk production of ewes and the rapid growth of lambs. In addition, those specimens are preferred for breeding who make the breed le ...

Armenian Semicoarsewool - Breeds of SheepArmenian Semicoarsewool

Armenian Semicoarsewool are dual-purpose sheep mainly found in Armenia. They are a medium-wool fat tail breed. They are raised as a dual-purpose animal, and are currently raised for milk and meat production. They were developed by crossing Rambouillet and Lincoln with Balbas sheep.

They are medium to large sized and are mainly white with a white face. Both rams and ewes are generally polled. The mature ewes average body height is ...

Askanian - Breeds of SheepAskanian

Askanian, also known as Askaniysky or Askanian Fine Fleece, sheep are from Ukraine. They were developed in the early 1900s at Askania Nova by crossing American Rambouillet with Merino sheep. There were over 1.6 million Askanian sheep in 1980. Today the breed is raised mainly for it’s fine quality wool.

They are medium to large sized sheep. They are mainly white and are unicolored with a white face. Their face is generally free of ...

Assaf - Breeds of SheepAssaf

Assaf sheep are the result of crossbreeding between Awassi and East Friesian Milk sheep. In 1955, researchers of the Israeli Agricultural Research Organization (A.R.O) started this project aiming to improve the fecundity of the Awassi sheep. A combination of 3/8 East Friesian and 5/8 Awassi blood emerged as the best cross.

Most dairy sheep breeders in Israel have adopted the Assaf, which is considered not only a top quality dairy ...

Aussiedown - Breeds of SheepAussiedown

Aussiedowns are large sheep were developed in the early 1990s in Australia. Today they are mainly distributed in New South Wales, Victoria, Australia. They were developed through crossbreeding Southdown and Texel sheep. The resulting progeny have a maximum of 75 percent Southdown and Texel ancestry.

They are mainly raised as prime lamb sires, by crossing them over purebred or crossbred ewes. They are very good for meat production.

Australian Merino - Breeds of SheepAustralian Merino

Although Australian Merino sheep derive their name and basic appearance from the Spanish merino breed, they are a distinct breed in their own right. They have been developed and adapted in Australia to the specific conditions of this country.  

More than 80 percent of all Australian sheep are pure Merino, with most of the remainder at least part Merino blood. Merino is grown primarily for its heavy fleeces of fine wool. Me ...

Australian White - Breeds of SheepAustralian White

Image: <a href= class = body target=_blank>Australian White Sheep Breeders Associations</a>
Australian Whites are Australian meat sheep which was developed for Australian conditions. Australian White sheep are a stabilized composite haired meat breed comprising White Dorper, Van Rooy, Poll Dorset and Texel genetics. The development aim was to produce a unique Australian white, shedding sheep breed to quickly produce large framed, heavy lamb carcases. Additionally, walking or mobility ability, good fertility and mothering instincts ...

Avranchin - Breeds of SheepAvranchin

Avranchin are a grassland breed of sheep. They are hardy and well-adapted to a ocean climate, usually living outdoors in small flocks. They are one of the most prolific French breeds. They have a large or medium-sized frame. They produce lambs of good butchering quality, with very fine textured meat.  

The selection of the Avranchin sheep breed tends towards the maintenance of high prolificacy (the optimum sought is the ew ...

Awassi - Breeds of SheepAwassi

Photo by Larry Meisegeier
Awassi evolved as a nomadic sheep breed through centuries of natural and selective breeding to become the highest milk producing breed in the Middle East. They are similar to the Near Eastern fat-tailed type. They are used for milk production and carpet wool.

The average Awassi ewe has single lactations over 300 liters (650 pounds) per 210-day lactation, and it is not uncommon for outstanding females to have 210 day lactations above 7 ...

Babydoll Southdown - Breeds of SheepBabydoll Southdown

The Babydoll Southdown is a sheep of the early Southdown type imported into the U.S. and seen in England in the 1800s through the early 1900's. They are 18" to 24" at the shoulder and display the original Southdown type and characteristics. The Southdown breed of sheep originated in the South "Downs" of Sussex County, England, and is one of the oldest of the Down breeds. English farms kept these sheep for their flavorful meat and fine fleec ...

Badger Face Welsh Mountain - Breeds of SheepBadger Face Welsh Mountain

Torddu, the Welsh name meaning 'black belly' have distinct black stripes above the eyes and a black stripe running from under the chin to the belly and continuing underneath to the end of the tail. The legs are black with a tan stripe. The fleece can be white, grey or light brown, but preference is given to the lighter shades. The wool should be firm and medium length (7-10 cm). The Torwen, the Welsh name meaning 'white belly' show the reve ...

Bagnolese - Breeds of SheepBagnolese

Bagnolese Sheep are an autochthonous breed from Campania, Italy that got its name from the village of Bagnoli Irpino in the province of Avellino. They probably derives from the crossbreeding of the Barbaresca breed and the local breeds of the Apennines. Over time they spread from Irpinia to the entire region up to the provinces of Caserta and Salerno.

They are medium-large white sheep with black spots. There are excellent dairy p ...

Balkhi - Breeds of SheepBalkhi

Balkhi are medium to large sized sheep originated from Afghanistan and North-western Pakistan. They are a fat-tailed mutton type sheep. They areraised mainly for meat production, but they are also good for producing wool.

Balkhi sheep are hardy and are well adapted to their native climates. They have a low fiber density, and they approximately yield 2 kg of coarse wool with an average 43.5 micrometer diameter. The ewes are pretty go ...

Baluchi - Breeds of SheepBaluchi

Baluchi are small sheep that originated in southern Afghanistan, eastern Iran, and southwest Pakistan. They are a fat-tailed sheep breed and are raised mainly for wool production. They are also known Araghi, Baluchi Dumda, Farahani, Khorasani, Khurasani, Mengali, Neini, Naeini, Shinwari, Taraki and Yazdi sheep.   They are raised mainly for wool production. Their wool is coarse with modulation. The average annual fleece weight is b ...

Balwen Welsh Mountain - Breeds of SheepBalwen Welsh Mountain

The Balwen Welsh Mountain sheep is a sheep for all seasons. One of the original Welsh breeds of sheep the Balwen remains as one of the most striking and versatile of all the rare breed sheep. The sheep has a base color of black, dark brown or dark grey. It has a white stripe running from the pole of the head to the top of the nose, four white feet and half white tail. Average mature ewe weighs 40-50kgs, rams 45-60kgs.

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Barbados Blackbelly - Breeds of SheepBarbados Blackbelly

Barbados Blackbelly sheep are indigenous to the Caribbean island of Barbados. They descend from sheep brought to the islands from West Africa during the slave era. Blackbellies are antelope like in appearance, brown tan or yellow in color, with black points and under-parts. Both ewes and rams are polled or have only small scurs or diminutive horns.

They may have some visible fuzzy wool undercoat within their hair coat, but it should ...

Barbaresca Siciliana - Breeds of SheepBarbaresca Siciliana

Found in Sicily in southern Italy, the Barbaresca Siciliana (Sicilian Barbary) was developed from the Tunisian Barbary and the Pinzirita.

They have coarse to medium wool and are kept for both milk and meat production. The Sicilian Barbary is polled and usually has dark spots on the face and legs. They have lop ears and stores fat at the base of their tail.

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Bardoka - Breeds of SheepBardoka

Bardoka are a multi-purpose sheep found mainly in the Metohia region of Kosovo. Its name is derived from the Albanian word Bardoka which means white. They are mainly found in Kosovo and partially in Albania, Montenegro, and Serbia.

They are medium-sized sheep. They are mainly white with a white face. Their face is generally free of wool, and their skin color is pink. Both rams and ewes are generally horned. Their horns are generally l ...

Basco-Bearnais - Breeds of SheepBasco-Bearnais

Basco-bearnaise sheep originated from the Basque country, and also known as Vasca Carranzana, France. They were developed during the 1960s from Basque and Béarnaise sheep.

They mainly are raised as a milk breed, and an ewe on average produces around 120 liters of milk per lactation. And their lactation period is around of 130 days. Their milk is of good quality containing around 5.39 percent protein.

Basco-bearnaise sheep are ...

Bavarian Forest Sheep - Breeds of SheepBavarian Forest Sheep

Bavarian Forest sheep are an old and once wide-spread breed from Bavaria. Unfortunately they are decreasing in popularity. They are a small to medium sized sheep. They are mostly white, though brown and black animals do occur.  

Their fleece contains a mixture of fibers: kemp, hetero type, and wool fibers. Forest sheep are aseasonal: they usually lamb 3 times in 2 years. Their fertility amounts to about 180 percent. They a ...

Belgium Milk - Breeds of SheepBelgium Milk

Belgium Milk Sheep are strongly influenced by Friesian Milk Sheep. In all probability, the Belgium Milk Sheep descends from Flemish sheep. Since the 19th century, Flemish sheep were selected for milk character. After the Second World War, the other milk sheep breeds were added.

The Belgium Milk Sheep is a finely-built sheep which stands on high legs. The body is wedge-shaped. The head is covered with fine white hair. The abdomen is wo ...

Bellary - Breeds of SheepBellary

Bellary are medium-sized sheep native to the districts of Bellary and Davanagere and the adjoining areas of Haveri and Chitradurga districts of Karnataka, India.

They are medium-sized with body colors ranging from white through various combinations of white and black to black. Most rams have horns, though ewes are generally polled. Their ears are medium long, flat and drooping, their tail is short and thin, their fleece is extreme ...

Beltex - Breeds of SheepBeltex

The Beltex is a medium sized sheep, long in the body. It is wedge-shaped from a narrow shoulder to a distinctive large, double-muscled hindquarter. The head is generally white in color but may have black, blue or brown shadings or patches. The fore face is short and thick. The fleece is tight, dense of medium staple length. Average male body weight 95kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Bentheimer Landschaf - Breeds of SheepBentheimer Landschaf

Bentheimer Landschaf (A.K.A The Landrace of Bentheim) are medium-sized German sheep. They were developed by a cross between German and Dutch heath sheep and marsh sheep. They have been bred in the northern German Emsland area since 1934, especially in the county of Bentheim.  

They are mainly white and have black around their ears, eyes, and legs. They have a slender body, long head and Roman nose. Their ears are small and ...

Bergamasca - Breeds of SheepBergamasca

Bergamasca, also known by: Bergamasker, Gigante di Bergamo, Bergamacia (Brazil), sheep have white coarse wool and are raised for meat.

Bergamasca sheep are found in the Lombardy, region of northern Italy. They are a basic breed of the Lop-eared Alpine group and are polled. The Bergamasca is the foundation of the other Lop-eared Alpine breeds and of Fabrianese.

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Berrichon du Cher - Breeds of SheepBerrichon du Cher

Berrichon du Cher sheep have been bred for meat production since the 18th century. This long-lasting breeding process has resulted in a well-conformed breed, characterized by early growth.

Berrichon ewes have a natural ability to lamb out-of-season: 60% of lambs are naturally born from September to November, a schedule which provides high flexibility in terms of production.

Berrichon du Cher Sheep are hardy and are able to cover ...

Beulah Speckled Face - Breeds of SheepBeulah Speckled Face

Speckled-face sheep have been bred on the hills of Eppynt, Llanafan, Abergwesyn, and Llanwrtyd Wells for over 100 years, without introduction of female stock. On the hill, the ewes are normally purebred, providing flock replacements, finished lambs for the meat trade, or store lambs for finishing on lowland farms.

Beulah ewes are also idea for crossing with most continental rams, as well as Suffolk and Down rams to produce high-qualit ...

Bibrik - Breeds of SheepBibrik

Bibrik are medium-sized sheep that originated from Pakistan. They are a fat-tailed breed and are raised mainly for meat production. They are found mainly in the parts of Sibi and Loralai districts in Baluchistan Province of Pakistan.

They are mainly white with a black or brown head. Both rams and ewes are generally horned, and the rams have pretty large and curved horns. The rams generally weight around 2.8 kg at births, and the ...

Biellese - Breeds of SheepBiellese

Biellese sheep are from the Piedmont region of northern Italy. They are a polled carpet wool breed used for meat production. They are one of the Lop-eared Alpine group of sheep breeds.

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Bizet - Breeds of SheepBizet

Bizet [bi.ze] sheep originating in France. They were developed between 1830 and 1900 by first crossing Caussenards sheep with Southdown and Dishley English sheep. In 1905, steps were taken to start standardizing the breed. In 1952, Bizet were introduced on the Kerguelen archipelago, where they are raised for food for the scientific station there.

They grow wool but they are primarily raised for meat. The rams have horns and ewes a ...

Black Hawaiian - Breeds of SheepBlack Hawaiian

Black Hawaiian Sheep are the source of some controversy. Some say they are a cross of Mouflon and black hair sheep from the Hawaiian islands. Others say they are Barbados sheep with a dilution of the red color gene making them black. They have a thick black coat and are usually black all over, although some sport a white muzzle.  

Like the other species of sheep of this type, their horns grow up, back, down, forward, up ag ...

Black Welsh Mountain - Breeds of SheepBlack Welsh Mountain

Hardiness and self-reliance are the outstanding features of this ancient breed. Hill flocks of this breed, in normal conditions, require no supplementary feeding, they thrive on the short rough grasses and herbage of the unploughable uplands. They are an ideal breed for the smallholder as well as being used in their natural environment on the hill. They are a good breed for children to work with as they are shown on halters and the lambs are ...

Blackhead Persian - Breeds of SheepBlackhead Persian

Blackheaded Persian sheep originated in the arid regions of east Africa in what is now Somalia. They are a fat-rumped breed and both sexes are polled. Blackheaded Persians have a white body and black head and neck with the two colors sharply distinguished.

They found their way to the tropics of the Caribbean region via South Africa many years ago. The Caribbean population has adapted well to the humid tropics. Blackheaded Persian ...

Bleu du Maine - Breeds of SheepBleu du Maine

Bleu du Maine are a large grassland sheep with slate blue/grey coloring heads. They originated in Western France in the region of Mayenne. They were developed from crossing Leicester Longwool and Wensleydale sheep. The breed has no wool on its head or legs.

They are similar to Texel sheep but they have a higher litter size and age of sexual maturity. Their average daily gain, carcass leanness, milk yield, and lambing interval are ...

Blue Texel - Breeds of SheepBlue Texel

Blue Texel sheep are a color variant of the normally white Texel sheep. Blue Texel sheep come from white Texels who carry the color factor "blue" with them. This factor is a recessive factor. From a mating of two white Texels who both carry the factor for the blue color, there is a 25 percent chance blue lambs will be born while a mating between a Blue Texel and another Blue Texel always gives blue lambs. Texel sheep evolved as a result of ...

Bluefaced Leicester - Breeds of SheepBluefaced Leicester

The Bluefaced Leicester is the single most significant sheep breed in the UK today, with nearly 50% of the UKs commercial breeding flock being sired by the Bluefaced Leicester. Of the remaining  50%  around half are being mated with  Bluefaced Leicester rams to produce Mule ewes. The great strength of the Blueface, is that no matter what breed of sheep its crossed with, its progeny the Mule proves a better commercial ewe than ...

Bond - Breeds of SheepBond

Bond sheep evolved in Australia in 1909 as a dual-purpose breed, using Peppin Merinos and imported Lincoln rams. Bonds are tall, long-bodied sheep, heavy in the bone and with open faces and a robust constitution. They produce bulky, long-stapled, bright 22-28 micron wool. Lambs are long, lean, and fast growing. Bond rams weigh up to 150 kg (330 lbs.).  

Bond sheep are mainly found in the south east portion of Australia. Th ...

Booroola Merino - Breeds of SheepBooroola Merino

Booroola Merino sheep were developed on the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia. They differ from normal Merino in two ways. First, they are more fertile; their fertility is as high as any breed in the world. The number of lambs born per ewe lambing is 2.4, with a range of 1 to 6. Half-Booroola ewes on average wean 20 percent more lambs than comparable Merinos under the same conditions. Secondly, Booroolas have the ability to ...

Border Cheviot - Breeds of SheepBorder Cheviot

Border Cheviot sheep originated as a mountain breed, native to the Cheviot Hills between Scotland and England, where the climate is harsh and the conditions are rugged. Cheviots are extremely hardy and can withstand harsh winters and graze well over hilly pastures. They were bred to look after themselves. Recognized as early as 1372, the breed is reported to have developed from sheep that swam ashore from shipwrecked Spanish ships that fled ...

Border Leicester - Breeds of SheepBorder Leicester

Border Leicester sheep are one of three distinct breeds of Leicester sheep.

Border Leicester sheep were developed in 1767 by George and Matthew Culley of Fenton, Northumberland, England. They were friends of Robert Bakewell and had access to his improved Leicesters. Some believe that the Culley brothers developed the Border Leicester by crossing Bakewell's improved Leicester rams with Teeswater ewes. Others argue that Cheviot blood wa ...

Borderdale - Breeds of SheepBorderdale

Borderdale sheep were developed in New Zealand. They are the result of breeding the Border Leicester and Corriedale breeds and interbreeding each generation until the F5 stage. Borderdales are a medium-large, hardy, long-woolled breed, with a comparatively low susceptibility to foot rot. They have a good growth rate.

Ewes are often used for crossbreeding with terminal sires from the meat breeds. Borderdales are found mainly on th ...

Boreray - Breeds of SheepBoreray

Boreray sheep originated on the island of Boreray in the St Kilda archipelago off the west coast of Scotland. And the breed was named from this island. It is also known by some other names such as Hebridean Blackface and Boreray Blackface sheep.

They were developed during the late 19th century from Scottish Blackface and a Hebridean type of Old Scottish Shortwool sheep. They have been largely feral since 1930.

Their fleece ...

Bovska - Breeds of SheepBovska

Bovska Sheep got their name from the small town Bovec that lies in upper Soflorina valley which is in the Northwest part of Slovenia near the Italian border. In Trenta valley this breed is also called trentarka or pure trentarka if it has the short ears sometimes seen with this breed.

The Bovska sheep breed originated in the white sheep which were once distributed throughout the Alps. Bleiweis (1871) mentioned the Trbiska sheep br ...

Braunes Bergschaf - Breeds of SheepBraunes Bergschaf

Braunes Bergschaf, or Brown Mountain, sheep are from the alpine regions of Bavaria (Germany), Tyrol (Austria), Southern Tyrol (Italy), and the Swiss Canton of Engadine. In recent years, Braunes Bergschaf Sheep have gained popularity beyond their original borders. Brown Mountain Sheep are descended from the Tyrolean Steinschaf (Stone Sheep), which can be of all colors, one color per sheep, and is rarely white.

 Braunes Bergschaf a ...

Brecknock Hill Cheviot - Breeds of SheepBrecknock Hill Cheviot

Brecknock Hill Cheviot sheep were developed from Scottish Cheviot sheep that were introduced to Wales in the 1850s. They are known for their longevity.

They have a white face and legs. Their ears are erect with no ruff of wool behind them. They have no wool on their face or on their legs below their knees or hock. They have broad, strong backs. The rams are occasionally horned, and ewes are polled. The average mature ewe weighs 6 ...

Brentegana Scelta  - Breeds of SheepBrentegana Scelta

Brentagana Scelta are large white sheep raised for wool and meat. They are an Italian breed andbelong to the Alpine group. They are known for their adaptation to the local marginal conditions.

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Brianzola - Breeds of SheepBrianzola

Brianzola are large white sheep related to the giant Alpine meat sheep coming from Ovis aries sudanica of Sanson. They come from Brianza, Italy, a territory including the provinces of Como, Lecco and Monza (Lombardia). They are raised for meat.

Brianzola are large white sheep related to the giant Alpine meat sheep coming from Ovis aries sudanica of Sanson. They come from Brianza, Italy, a territory including the ...

Brigasca - Breeds of SheepBrigasca

Brigasca sheep are a local breed whose name is linked to the border territory between Liguria, Piedmont and Provence. They are descended from the Frabosana breed and likely crossbred with Langhe sheep. The Brigasca is a rustic animal, perfectly adapted to the traditional rearing system of a minimum of six months in alpine pastures.

Brigasca sheep are used for milk and meat. Their milk is used to produce three different kinds of ...

Brillenschaf - Breeds of SheepBrillenschaf

Brillenschaf sheep are from Carinthia, Austria. They are a member of the Alpine Mountain Sheep Breeds. They are named for their eyeglass marks around their eyes, under the eyes, and on their ears. They are a cross between the Landschaf, Bergamasca, and Paduaner Schaf sheep.

They are hardy and frugal; they can cope with high precipitation and are experts in climbing, therefore they are used for grazing high alpine areas which ...

British Milk - Breeds of SheepBritish Milk

British Milk sheep are medium to large polled sheep with a predominantly white face and legs. Their head is usually free from wool, the muzzle broad and the ears long. The ewe is naturally prolific and is noted for its quiet temperament which is important in the management of high performance sheep. The conformation of the ewe, particularly the roomy pelvic area, ensures that lambing is easy. The rams have a long body and good hindquarters. ...

Brogna - Breeds of SheepBrogna

Bragna sheep have white coats and rosy skin. They are used mainly for meat, but also for milk. They are an autochthonous breed of uncertain origin. They are mainly reared in the province of Verona (Veneto), particularly in Lessinia, Italy.

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Brown Headed Meat - Breeds of SheepBrown Headed Meat

Brown Headed Meat, or Braunkopfiges Fleischschaf, are one of the four predominant sheep breeds in Switzerland. They are the heaviest breed. They were developed by crossing Oxfords from England and German Blackheaded Mutton sheep onto landrace sheep.  

The breed is seasonal, lambing once per year, usually in the winter, averaging 1.7 lambs.

Bundner Oberland - Breeds of SheepBundner Oberland

Image: Oklahoma State University
Bundner Oberland (also known as Bunder Oberlanderschaf, Grisons, or Graubunden) sheep are from Switzerland.

They are found in white, brown, or silver-grey. Their head is slender and bare. Rams have substantial horns while ewes have small horns or are polled (hornless). Both sexes display rather primitive behavior. Multiple births are common. When mature, rams weigh on average 72 kg (159 lb) and ewes 50 kg (110 lb). After reaching ...

Calabrese - Breeds of SheepCalabrese

Calabrese, also known as Sciara or Moscia Calabrese, sheep are an autochthonous breed from the provinces of Cosenza and Catanzaro (Calabria), reared in the high hills on poor steep grazing land. They belong to the group with soft hanging woolly coat but it is smaller than Altamurana and Leccese breeds.

They have white coats and are raised for milk.

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California Red - Breeds of SheepCalifornia Red

California Red are medium-wool meat and wool sheep developed in 1970. They are a cross between Barbados and Tunis sheep.  

Mature rams weigh 225 to 250 pounds and ewes range from 130 to 150 pounds. Both sexes are naturally hornless. Lambs are born a solid rust or cinnamon red color, a color that is retained as they mature.  

At maturity, their fleeces turn a beige or oatmeal color. Their legs and faces a ...

California Variegated Mutant - Breeds of SheepCalifornia Variegated Mutant

California Variegated Mutant Sheep, or simply C.V.M. Sheep, are the result of many crossbreeding started in 1915.

In 1915 A.T. Spencer developed the Romeldale breed. He purchased several New Zealand Romney Rams in 1915 that were brought to the Pan-American exposition in San Francisco. He felt the Romney breed would increase the staple, length, and carcass quality of his Rambouillets. Through many years of selection, the Romeldale bre ...

Cambridge - Breeds of SheepCambridge

Cambridge Sheep are a very prolific breed that has particular value in crossbreeding. The Cambridge is a dark faced medium size sheep. The mature weight of rams and ewes is 100 kg and 67 kg respectively. They are long lived with excellent teeth and are hardy and resilient to environmental extremes. Ewes lambs easily, are good mothers and the incidence of mastitis is low. The breeds high prolificacy means that it can be mated with a variety o ...

Cameroon - Breeds of SheepCameroon

Cameroon are hair sheep from West Africa. Instead of wool, they carry a hair coat that in the autumn forms an additional undercoat, which is shed after winter. Cameroon sheep do not require shearing.  

Cameroon sheep are very prolific and reach puberty very early. They are aseasonal and can produce two lamb crops per year. They are a resistant, problem-free sheep. Their most common color is brown with a black belly, head, ...

Campbell Island  - Breeds of SheepCampbell Island

The first sheep were landed on sub Antarctic Campbell Island (over 600 kilometers south of the New Zealand mainland) in 1895 after a grazing lease had been taken up. Two thousand more were introduced in 1901, and a further thousand in 1902. Both of the first introductions are known to have been Merinos, but the last was of an unknown breed - at least some must have been longwools such as Lincolns or Leicesters.

As a result, the Ca ...

Canadian ARCOTT - Breeds of SheepCanadian ARCOTT

Image: The canadian Co-Operative Wool Growers Limited (
Canadian Arcott sheep are raised primarily for meat. As the name suggests, they were developed in Canada. And the later half of their name, ARCOTT, is an acronym for the Animal Research Center in Ottawa. They were developed from crossbreeding Romnelet (6%), North Country Cheviot (7%), Leicester (14%), Ile de France (28%) and Suffolk (37%) sheep. The remaining 8 percent was contributed from Shropshire, Lincoln, Corriedale, East Friesian, Fin ...

Castlemilk Moorit - Breeds of SheepCastlemilk Moorit

Castlemilk Morrit Sheep were developed during the the early years of the 20th century. The late Sir Jock Buchanan-Jardine began a breeding program on his Castlemilk Estate in Dumfriesshire. Using Manx Loghtan, moorit Shetland, and wild Mouflon, he developed a breed to beautify his parkland and provide fine, kemp-free moorit colored wool. On the death of Sir John Buchanan-Jardine the flock was dispersed in 1970, and six ewes and a ram were b ...

Charmoise - Breeds of SheepCharmoise

Charmoise sheep are polled white faced and white legged sheep with a deep body coated in a tight fleece of good quality. It has the most excellent conformation with short neck well-muscled loins and strong gigots. It is light of bone and very alert and lively from birth. Average mature ewe weighs 65-70kg, rams 80-90kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Charollais - Breeds of SheepCharollais

Charollais Sheep are a medium to large sized sheep. They are long and well-muscled with thick, deep gigots. The body is long with a well-muscled broad loin and wide deep chest. The head is free from wool, pinkish/grey in color sometimes with spots. The line of the shoulders should retain a wedge shape which is so important for ease of lambing. The legs are clean, quite short, colored but never very dark. The front legs should not be set too ...

Chatham Island - Breeds of SheepChatham Island

Near the southwest corner of the main island of the Chatham group, NZ, is a small flock of feral sheep which appear to have certain Merino characteristics, and thus may predate the Islands change to longwool breeds.

It is believed that Chatham Island ferals have been living wild for almost a hundred years, and it is possible that they originated from some Saxon Merinos that were taken to South East Island (another of the Chatham ...

Cheviot - Breeds of SheepCheviot

Cheviot Sheep are white-faced Hill sheep from the Scottish Borders. The ewe has fine hard white hair on her face over the crown and on her legs which should have a fine, flat quality bone. The fleece should be dense and firm with no kemp or colored hair. The rams can have horns.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Chios - Breeds of SheepChios

Chios are semi-fat-tailed milk Mediterranean sheep. Like many breeds, the exact origin of the Chios is unknown. Some sources suggest it is the result of crossbreeding between local sheep of the island of Chios (Greece) and breeds from Anatolia (Turkey). The Chios is typically white with black, occasionally brown, spots around the eyes, and on the ears, nose, belly and legs. The entire head is often black.  

Female conforma ...

Cholistani - Breeds of SheepCholistani

Cholistani sheep are from Pakistan. Though they grow wool, they are raised primarily for meat.  

They have a black to brown head and ears with a white body. They have stubby, small ears and a long tail.  

Mature rams weigh 48.5 kg (107 lb) and ewes weigh 34 kg (75 lb). Their average height at the withers of mature rams is 75 cm (30 in) and ewes is 66 cm (26 in). At birth and on average, rams weigh 3.5 kg ...

Churra - Breeds of SheepChurra

Churra sheep are raised in Castile and Leon in northwestern Spain. They are used for milk production. They are breed of great hardiness, well suited to the continental climate with long, severe winters, very short springs, and hot dry summers.  

Zamorano cheese is a classic Spanish sheeps milk cheese. It is made with full cream milk, coming mainly from the Churra sheep. Navajo Churro sheep descend from the Spanish Churra.

Ciavenasca - Breeds of SheepCiavenasca

Ciavenasca are arnmeat sheep with white wool. They are indigenous to Sondrio Province (ValrnChiavenna), Lombardy Region, northern Italy.

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Cikta - Breeds of SheepCikta

Cikta sheep were brought to Hungary, in the 18th century, by German settlers. While they grow wool they are primarily raised for meat. They belong to the Mountain Group of sheep breeds.

They are white (unicolored). The rams have horns and the ewes are polled (hornless), and their ears are erect. Typically, their horns are small or knob-like.

At maturity, rams weigh 37 kg (82 lb) and ewes weigh 45 kg (99 lb). At the wit ...

Cine Capari - Breeds of SheepCine Capari

Cine Capari sheep originated from the Aydin Province in Turkey. They are a fat-tail breed. Generally they are white but occasionally they have light brown to dark black spots on their feet and belly. The ewes weigh 38 kg (84 lb) on average at maturity.  

In 1998, there were 300 Cine Capari and the population was decreasing. The decline in population has been due to local farmers crossing this breed with the Chios for the p ...

Ciuta - Breeds of SheepCiuta

Ciuta Sheep are white Italian mountain sheep bred for meat. Unfortunately they are most likely extinct.

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Clarence Reserve Sheep - Breeds of SheepClarence Reserve Sheep

Clarence Reserve Sheep are little-known sheep that originated from a feral flock living in Clarence Reserve, Marlborough, NZ. They are almost certainly of Merino origin - descended from escaped sheep brought into the area in the early period of European settlement.

Clarence Reserve Sheep have clean faces and bellies and are largely dag free. Such features are typical of sheep which have evolved a resistance to flystrike. The rams ...

Clun Forest - Breeds of SheepClun Forest

Clun Forest Sheep are a very adaptable breed, living equally happily in the down lands of the South of England or the hills of Wales and Scotland. They have a low mortality rate and are highly resistant to disease. They have an alert appearance with a clean open dark-brown face, with a characteristic covering of wool on the top of the head and ears that are carried high and forward. The body has a strong muscular neck carried high from fine ...

Coburger Fuchsschaf - Breeds of SheepCoburger Fuchsschaf

Coburger Fuchsschaf are a breed of landrace sheep that were almost extinct.

In the 19th century Coburger Fuchsschaf populated the European hilly ranges abundantly. These red fox-colored sheep could be found under names that indicated their color or living area, such as Golden Fox, Eisfelder Fox Sheep, Eifeler Sheep, Ardenais Solognotes, or Rousse Tetes. In the beginning of the 20th century, 60% of the sheep in the German Coburg area ...

Columbia - Breeds of SheepColumbia

Columbia sheep were one of the first sheep to originate in the United States. They are the result USDA and university research. Development began in 1912 in Laramie, Wyoming. Lincoln rams were crossed with Rambouillet ewes. In 1918, the foundation flock was moved to the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station near Dubois, Idaho, for further refinement.  

Though originally bred for range conditions, the Columbias have found widespr ...

Comeback - Breeds of SheepComeback

Comeback sheep originated in Australia. They were first developed by crossing a British long-wool cross back to a Merino sheep. But more recently, the type has been produced by crossing some popular sheep breeds such as Corriedale and Polwarth with Merino. The main aim of the cross was to develop a finer, better style of wool. Wool of the Comeback sheep style is also produced by Cormo, Bond, and Polwarth sheep. And these breeds may prove eas ...

Comisana - Breeds of SheepComisana

Comisana sheep are milk sheep from southeastern Sicily. They were developed from Maltese and Sicilian sheep in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Today, they are raised in Sicily, Southern and Central Italy, Piedmont and Lombardy.

They are white with a reddish-brown face. They have course to medium wool, semi-lop ears, and are polled.

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Coolalee - Breeds of SheepCoolalee

Coolalee sheep are Australian short wool, meat sheep breed, developed from an eight-year breeding program commenced in 1968. The breed resulted from the crossing of the Wiltshire Horn, Suffolk, Hampshire Down, Poll Dorset, Lincoln and English Leicester sheep.

The first Coolalee rams became commercially available in 1983. These rams are used as terminal sires for prime lamb production.

Coolalee sheep have shown considerable promi ...

Coopworth - Breeds of SheepCoopworth

Coopworth are medium sized, dual-purpose, white faced sheep with an alert but quiet disposition. They were developed in New Zealand in the 1960s from Border Leicester and Romney crosses, and was first imported into the United States during the late 1970s. Today they are one of the most dominant breeds in New Zealand.

They are a highly productive sheep, and are popular for easy care lambing, prolificacy, and good mothering ability. ...

Cormo - Breeds of SheepCormo

<a href='' class = 'body' target='_blank'>Photo: Moonglow farm</a>
Cormo Sheep was developed in Tasmania by I.K. Downie.  Mr. Downie crossed Corriedale Rams with 1200 carefully selected superfine Saxon Merino Ewes.The original Cormo Pedigree   

Cormo is a system of breeding in which selection is based on scientific measurement of commercially desirable characteristics. Selection criteria include clean fleece weight, fiber diameter, growth or body weight, and fertility. Origi ...

Cornella - Breeds of SheepCornella

Cornella, also known as Cornella White or Cornella Bianca dell Emilia Romagna, sheep are a common breed from the Bologna Province, Emilia Romagna Region, Northern Italy.

They are white sheep used for milk and meat and are well suited to the hills and plains of Northern Italy.

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Cornigliese - Breeds of SheepCornigliese

Cornigliese sheep are descended from Vissana sheep with some Merino and Bergamasca blood. They are from Corniglio, Emilia Region, Italy. They are white with dark spots on face and legs. They are bred for meat, milk, and wool but mainly for meat.

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Corriedale - Breeds of SheepCorriedale

Corriedale sheep were developed in New Zealand and Australia during the late 1800s by crossing Lincoln or Leicester rams with Merino females. The breeds is now widely found worldwide and are the most common breed of sheep in South America and are widely used throughout Asia, North America, and South Africa. They are, perhaps, the second most populous breed of sheep in the world, after Merinos.

Corriedale sheep are a dual-purpose shee ...

Corteno - Breeds of SheepCorteno

Corteno, or Pecora di Corteno, sheep belong to the Alpine group of sheep. They are medium-sized white Italian sheep and bread for meat.

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Cotswold - Breeds of SheepCotswold

Cotswold Sheep are a large, polled, longwool breed. The head is carried well up, the back long, ribs well sprung, the frame and legs strong, giving an overall imposing appearance. The head has a pronounced forelock of wool and a white face, with dark skin on the nose. The high quality wool is white, lustrous and long-stapled. Average mature ewe weighs 85kg, rams 140kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Criollo - Breeds of SheepCriollo

Criollo sheep are the highlands of Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Bolivia, Peru, Venezuela and Guatemala over hundreds of years. They are known by some other names such as Venezuelan, Uruguayan, Tarhumara, Colombian, Lucero, Creole, Chilludo, and Pamba. Spanish settlers brought the Churra with them in the mid sixteenth Century. The Churra is believed to be the ancestor of the modern day Criollo sheep. Today, they are raised mainly for meat prod ...

Daglic - Breeds of SheepDaglic

Daglic sheep are found primarily in western Anatolia in Turkey. They are a carpet wool breed used for both meat and dairy production. Typically they have black spots on their head and legs, the rams are usually horned and the ewes are polled. They are thought by some to be the origin of both the Chios and Kamakuyruk breeds.

Daglic sheep have been adapted to live in a steppe climate. They are unicolored with a white body and black ...

Dala Fur - Breeds of SheepDala Fur

Dala Fur, known as Dala palsfar, sheep originated in Sweden and are one of several sheep breeds that are remnants of the old Swedish landrace breed. They are a Northern European short-tailed sheep breed.

Dala Fur sheep are short but very hardy. They are used for both meat and wool production. The wool is very curly and finer than most other Swedish sheep breeds. The lambs were traditionally slaughtered at 2 months and 10 days of a ...

Dalesbred - Breeds of SheepDalesbred

Dalesbred sheep are found in the Upper Wharfdale and Central Pennines in England. They were developed from the Swaledale and Scottish Blackface breeds.  

Dalesbred are a hill sheep with a black face and distinctive white marks on each side of their nostrils with their nose-end becoming grey. Their legs also have clear black and white markings. The average mature ewe weighs up to 45-60kg, rams 55-75kg (depending on environ ...

Damani - Breeds of SheepDamani

Damani sheep are a dual-purpose (meat and wool) sheep from Pakistan. They are mainly found in the Dera Ismail Khan district and part of the Bannu district in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Damani are small to medium sized, strong, and well adapted to their local environments. They are generally with white with a black or tan colored head and camel-colored legs. Their ears are small, and the udder and teats of the ewes a ...

Damara - Breeds of SheepDamara

Although there are claims that the Damara breed of sheep originated in Egypt as long ago as 3000 BC, its recognition as a named breed is more realistically dated to the early twentieth century. In 1904, this long-legged sheep breed was seen by German explorers in the northern region of Namibia, which was then called Gross Damaland - hence it became known as the Damara Sheep. At one time, local farmers who used copper in their traditional at ...

Danish Landrace - Breeds of SheepDanish Landrace

Danish Landrace (also known as dansk landfar or klitfar ) sheep are native to Jutland in Denmark. They were developed from the Merino and Heath sheep, with early specimen interbreeding in the nineteenth century with Leicester and Oxford Down sheep.

They are medium sized and are generally white with a gray head. They are mostly polled, with only around 10 percent horned rams. They are double-coated and long tailed. Generally their ...

Debouillet - Breeds of SheepDebouillet

Debouillet sheep were developed in New Mexico in 1920 from Delaine Merino and Rambouillet sheep. They are well adapted to the range conditions of the southwestern United States. They are a medium-sized sheep with white hair on their face and legs.

They are hardy and gregarious and adaptable to unassisted pasture lambing. They produce a fine wool fleece with a deep, close crimp.

Decanni - Breeds of SheepDecanni

Decanni are small dual-purpose sheep (meet and wool). Their wool is black or ash and separated and grained. They produce about 0.5 kg wool per year.  

Delaine Merino - Breeds of SheepDelaine Merino

Several strains of Merinos evolved in the United States. The type "A" Merino was developed in Vermont through selection and inbreeding. This Merino carries a very heavy, wrinkly hide. In form, the type A is angular and has little carcass value. It is not advocated for commercial lamb and wool production. The "B" type Merino was developed principally in Ohio, a result of breeders selecting for a heavy fleece on a sheep that has a fair mutton ...

Derbyshire Gritstone - Breeds of SheepDerbyshire Gritstone

Derbyshire Sheep have a clean cut black and white marked face and legs clear of wool. They are polled in both sexes. The Derbyshire Gritstone is a handsome sheep of aristocratic lineage, big, flat bones, strong and alert.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Desert Sand Sheep - Breeds of SheepDesert Sand Sheep

Desert Sand are hybrid sheep created in Texas, USA around 1900 with Mouflon Sheep influence in their ancestry. Desert Sand Sheep are a naturally shedding, and are generally light to dark shades of champagne, cinnamon or copper colored. All rams must have horns, and the ewes are allowed to have horns although most ewes are polled.

According to the United Horned Hair Sheep Association, "The Corsican Group of Sheep (Painted Desert, Texas ...

Devon Closewool - Breeds of SheepDevon Closewool

Devon Closewool Sheep are a medium sized, white faced, hornless sheep with a dense white fleece of medium length and staple which contributes to its valued quality of hardiness. Average mature ewe weighs 55-60kg, rams 90kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

Devon Longwoolled - Breeds of SheepDevon Longwoolled

Devon Longwooled Sheep have a well-covered Head with long curly wool. Both sexes are polled. The body is covered in long curly, white wool. Well-proportioned with a strong wide and long top, with well sprung rib giving plenty of volume. The rear being well muscled with good conformation. Average mature ewe weighs 100kg, rams 136kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

Diggers Hill - Breeds of SheepDiggers Hill

Diggers Hill sheep are named after the locality in western Southland, NZ, evolved in a feral state. They have, somewhat confusingly, also been referred to as Takitimu, Dean Forest and Fiordlander, but the term Diggers Hill is preferred and used here.

They appear to be basically of Merino origin, but are distinct enough to be a recognizable breed, although there is some variation in type. They are also typical of New Zealand feral ...

Djallonke - Breeds of SheepDjallonke

Djallonke are a hairy thin-tailed type of sheep that originated in western Asia, and entered Africa through the Isthmus of Suez and Bab el Mandeb. Until the third Millennium BC, the hairy thin-tailed sheep was the only type of sheep on the African continent. Domestic sheep had reached Egypt and other parts of North Africa by 5000 BC (Epstein 1971). Djallonke sheep inhabit the area south of latitude 14 degrees N including the coastal areas o ...

Dohne Merino - Breeds of SheepDohne Merino

Image: <a href= class = body target = _blank></a>
Dohne Merino are a synthetic, dual-purpose Merino developed by the South African Department of Agriculture using Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino sires. The progeny were interbred and selected for high-fertility, rapid lamb growth rate, and fine Merino wool under commercial rangeland conditions.  

The breeding program was initiated in 1939 and the Breed Society was formed in 1966. Selection since 1970 has ...

Dormer - Breeds of SheepDormer

Dormer sheep are a cross between Dorset Horn rams and German Merino ewes (presently known as the South African Mutton Merino). They were developed through a series of extensive slaughter lamb experiments carried out at the Elsenburg Research Station of the Department of Agriculture since 1927 over a period of more than ten years. The name Dormer is shortening of the name Dorset-Merino.  

The main object with the developmen ...

Dorper - Breeds of SheepDorper

Dorper Sheep appear white but they are actually genetically a black sheep with a huge white spot covering its entire body except for the very striking black head (black headed Dorper). The Dorper is a quality meat sheep with all its easy care attributes highly developed like no other breed in the world. The White Dorper has the same breed standards as the Dorper (Black headed) except where color and markings are described. The White Dor ...

Dorset - Breeds of SheepDorset

Dorset ewes are of medium size and are naturally prolific; skin color is pink whilst the face, legs and ears are white. Rams show a bold masculine appearance and also carry good fleshing throughout. The wool of both the Horn and Poll is of the highest quality, not only is it fine and densely grown but is particularly white which helps it find a ready market in times of plenty. Average mature ewe weighs 85kg, rams 120kg.

Content an ...

Dorset Down - Breeds of SheepDorset Down

Dorset Down Sheep are active, medium sized short-woolled sheep. They have strong legs that support a deep chested, long sheep with well fleshed hindquarters and fine wool.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

Drysdale - Breeds of SheepDrysdale

Drysdale sheep area a dual-purpose breed whose wool is used mainly for carpet manufacturing. They carry the dominant Nd gene, a mutation which occurs in the Romney breed. The Nd gene causes a high abundance of course, very hairy fibers, called halo-hairs.  

The wool of the Drysdale is without crimp, highly medullated, with a fiber diameter of 40 microns. It is known for its whiteness and dyeing versatility. The Drysdale is ...

East Friesian - Breeds of SheepEast Friesian

The East Friesian breed originated in the Friesland area in the north of Holland and Germany. In Europe it has been used either purely as a milking breed - it is considered to be the worlds highest producing dairy sheep - though it is often crossed with other breeds to improve fecundity and milk production in breeds that are bred for their meat or for their milk production. The East Friesian is described as a large-framed, high-fertility br ...

East Merino - Breeds of SheepEast Merino

Source: Sheep 101
At the end of the 18th century, Merino blood was introduced into German sheep in the borders with France, and gradually these large meat Merinos were kept in large numbers in the Alsace Lorraine region of France. This strain became known as the Est a Laine, which translated means East and Wool.

East Merinos are attractive, strong, large-framed sheep with very-fine white wool. Their heads are long and white with long, drooping ears. ...

Easycare - Breeds of SheepEasycare

Easy Care Sheep are a revolutionary breed of sheep which requires minimal shepherding and veterinary care, sheds its wool in the summer, does not need shearing and yet offers excellent meat yields and lambing ratios. The breed is now well established in Britain and abroad and is proving extremely popular and successful with breeders in todays farming environment.

The guiding principle behind Easy Care is straightforward. Cen ...

Elliottdale - Breeds of SheepElliottdale

Elliottdale are a dual-purpose (meat and wool) sheep developed at the Elliott Research Station in Tasmania during the 1970s. They were commercialized in 1986, which helped established the Australian Carpet Wool Industry. The effect of the EI gene (Elliottdale) is similar to the Drysdale, Tukidale, and Carpetmaster genes in the Romney breed, and are at a different locus on the chromozone. Today, the Elliottdale sheep breed is rare and is at ...

English Leicester - Breeds of SheepEnglish Leicester

English Leicester (also known as Bakewell Leicester, New Leicester, Dishley Leicester, Leicester Longwool, Improved Leicester, and simply as Leicester) sheep were developed by the eighteenth century breeding innovator Robert Bakewell.

At first they were pretty slow-growing and closely boned. But over time they have been developed to gain weight quickly and grow very fast. In 1826 they were one of the first pure sheep breeds ...

Epynt Hardy Speckled - Breeds of SheepEpynt Hardy Speckled

Epynt Hardy Speckled Sheep are a commercial; easy-care breed with the primary purpose is to perform well in a mountainous environment year round with limited supplementary feeding. They are a long living, good mouthing sheep producing lambs which are easy to finish. They are a heavy boned hill sheep which is stocky and sturdy in stature with a speckled face and legs, of grey brown or black clean of wool. The ewes are polled and the rams usua ...

Est a Laine Merino - Breeds of SheepEst a Laine Merino

Source: Sheep 101
At the end of the 18th century, Merino blood was introducedrninto German sheep in the borders with France, and gradually these large meat Merinos were kept in large numbers in the Alsace Lorraine region of France.rnThis breed became known as the Est a Laine, which translated means East andrnWool.

Est a Laine Merinos are an attractive, strong, large-framedrnsheep with very fine white wool. Their head is long, white in color, with long, ...

Estonian Ruhnu - Breeds of SheepEstonian Ruhnu

Estonian Ruhnu (also known as Eesti Maalammas) sheep were found on the small Estonian island of Ruhnu in the Gulf of Riga in the Baltic Sea. They are thought to have developed from sheep left on Ruhnu island by Swedish-speaking inhabitants who settled on the island in the fourteenth century.

Their total population was documented as 300 in 1944. Currently they are rare, and their total population is around 30 animals. They are a ...

Exmoor Horn - Breeds of SheepExmoor Horn

Photo Source: National Sheep Association
Exmoor Horn Sheep are an ancient dual purpose hill breed which has existed since time immemorial in the west of England, but is well adapted to modern requirements.

They are white faced, with horns, cherry colored skin and a white fleece of medium length and good quality.

Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Fabrianese - Breeds of SheepFabrianese

Fabrianese sheep are medium-large white sheep bred for meat. They are polled and have a Roman nose.  

They are found in Ancona Province, Marche Region of Italy. They originated from local Apennine crossed to Bergamasca sheep.

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Faroes - Breeds of SheepFaroes

Faroes, or Faeroes, sheep are related to Old Norwegian, Icelandic, and perhaps Shetland breeds. They are not gregarious and tend to be territorial. Faroes forage in small groups, spreading to cover the entire area, behaving somewhat like Icelandic sheep. They are small and well adapted to mountainous terrain. Their color varies from white, grey, light red, dark red, chestnut brown, to black.  

However, due to the low price ...

Finarda - Breeds of SheepFinarda

Finarda Sheep are large white Italian sheep bred for meat found in the Piedmont and Lombardy Regions. They are a composite of Bergamasca and Biellese sheep.

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Finnsheep - Breeds of SheepFinnsheep

The Finnsheep or Finnish Landrace originating in Finland in northern Europe. They are an active, hardy animal, adaptable to a wide range of conditions. It is most generally used for crossing to increase fertility in a standard flock. It also brings with it resistance to facial eczema.

They are characterized by high fertility (lambing rates frequently exceed 200 percent) and white, lustrous, bulky fleece. Other recognition features ar ...

Flanders Milk - Breeds of SheepFlanders Milk

Florida Cracker - Breeds of SheepFlorida Cracker

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Florida Crackers are one of the oldest breeds of sheep in North America. It is believed that they were developed from sheep that the Spanish first brought to the southeastern United States in the 1500's. They developed largely through natural selection under humid semitropical range conditions in Florida. Prior to the end of open range in 1949, they were allowed to free range.  

In the middle of the last century, the emp ...

Frabosana - Breeds of SheepFrabosana

Frabosana sheep are from the Ligurian Alps, Province of Cuneo (Piedmont Region), Italy. They are medium-sized white, sometimes brown, diary sheep. They are rustic and frugal, with a characteristic snub-nosed profile and flattened horns, spiral-shaped in males and backwards in females.

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Gaddi - Breeds of SheepGaddi

Gaddi are medium-sized sheep native to India. They are one of the 8 different sheep breeds found in the northern temperate area of India. They are raised mainly for wool production. They are mainly found in Kistwar and Bhadarwah tehsils in Jammu province of Jammu and Kashmir, Ramnagar, Udampur and Kullu and the Kangra valleys of Himachal Pradesh and Dehradun. Nainital, Tehri-Garhwal and Chamoli districts of Uttar Pradesh.

They ar ...

Galician - Breeds of SheepGalician

Galician, or Ovella galega, sheep are from Galicia region of Spain.

They are small sheep. Their coat is either all white or black. The ewes have smaller horns and those are generally diminutive if they exist at all. While the rams have relatively large horns, in the form of double-spirals. There are two separate ecotypes, Montana, of the high areas as well as Marinano of the low areas.

Their total population has dwindle ...

Galway - Breeds of SheepGalway

Galway sheep are from Galway, in the west of Ireland. They were developed in the West of Ireland, as a result of the importation of English Longwools from the late 17th century onwards. From the middle of the 18th century Robert Bakewell's Dishley Leicester, also known as the New or Improved Leicester, was exported to Ireland in large numbers, in particular to the estate of Bakewell's associate, Lord Roscommon, and later Lord Sheffield.
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Ganjia - Breeds of SheepGanjia

Ganjia are meat sheep from China (North China; Xiahe, Gansu).

Gansu Alpine Fine-wool - Breeds of SheepGansu Alpine Fine-wool

Gansu Alpine Finewool sheep is one of a number of finewool breeds in China related to Xinjiang Finewool, as well as Russian Merino sheep. Gansu Alpine Finewools were initially based on Mongolian and Tibetan ewes and was developed through backcrossing to Merino type, followed by selection.  

They were developed in the Huangchen District of Gansu Province, China, which has an altitude of 2,600 to 4,000 m (8,530-13,123 ft), a ...

Garessina - Breeds of SheepGaressina

Garessina, also known as Muma or Garessio, sheep are an Italian transhumant (migrating) meat breed found in southeastern Cuneo Province (Piedmont), mainly in Val Tanaro and Val d Inferno. They are classified as an Apennine breed, and show traces of Merino and French Alpine ancestry. About 90% of them are slaughter as lambs and about 10% are raised for wool. Very rarely they are raised to make cheese from their milk. On the average, ewes lamb ...

Garfagnina White - Breeds of SheepGarfagnina White

Garfagnina white sheep are a composite of different breeds of the Appennine group; Garfagnana, and North-western Toscana. They are small white goats bred for milk and meat and are well adapted to the local environment (hills).

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Gentile di Puglia - Breeds of SheepGentile di Puglia

Gentile di Puglia sheep, also known as Merino di Puglia, Pugliese Migliorata, Merino d'Italia, or Merino Gentile, arre a fine-wooled breed from the Puglia region of southern Italy. They were initially developed in the 15th century but their primary improvement was from the 18th century, onward. They were developed from Spanish Merino crossed with local breeds. Saxony and Rambouillet breeds was introduced during the 19th century. In the last ...

German Blackheaded Mutton - Breeds of SheepGerman Blackheaded Mutton

German Blavkhead mutton, or Schwarzkopf Fleischschaf, are from Westphalia, Germany.

They are medium-sized, white sheep that are wide and long with dark-brown to black head, ears, and legs. They grow crossbred wool with a tight and firm staple that protects them in a wet climate.

In 1850, blackheaded meat breeds, such as Leicester, Southdown, and Hampshire were imported from England into Saxony to be crossed with ...

German Gray Heath - Breeds of SheepGerman Gray Heath

German Gray Heath sheep are the symbol of the Lueneburger Heide in Germany. Their ancestors, the Mouflon were at home in Corsica. Single lambs are born in spring with a curly, black fleece. After the sheep’s first yearly shearing, its wool turns silver gray with a black bib. Head and legs are black and free of wool. Rams weigh up to 80 kg (176 lbs) and have imposing horns that curl close to the face. Ewes weigh about 45 kg (100 lbs) and have ...

German Merino - Breeds of SheepGerman Merino

German Merino sheep have a large frame, a straight head with a small woolly tuft on top, no horns, and rough, large ears that stick out to the side, with legs free of wool.

In the 18th century, Southern German Landsheep were crossed with French and Spanish Merinos, which produced the German Merino, or Merinolandschaf. They are the most common sheep breed in Germany today, at 40% of the total German sheep population.

German ...

German Mutton Merino - Breeds of SheepGerman Mutton Merino

German Mutton Merino are well suited for intense production inrnarid or in agricultural areas. They are highly resistant and easily adapts tornany climate and keeping conditions. They grow easily with a good meat yield.rnNon- seasonal breeding cycle (3 breedings in 2 years), high fecundity, and goodrnmothering instincts make the Merinofleischschaf a good choice for intensernmilk-lamb production.

rnrnrnrnThere are three German Merino breeds ...

German Whiteheaded Mutton - Breeds of SheepGerman Whiteheaded Mutton

German Whiteheaded Mutton, or Deutsches Weisskopfiges Fleischschaf,was developed along the North Sea coast in the middle of the last century. English Leicester, Cotswold, Hampshire, and Oxfordshire were imported and crossbred with the local Wilstermarschschaf, a northern German marsh sheep. Breeders succeeded in retaining the wanted qualities of the marsh sheep, such as high fecundity, fast development, and large size. In the 1930s, a new b ...

Ghezel - Breeds of SheepGhezel

Ghezel (also Known By: Kizil-Karaman, Mor-Karaman, Dugli, Erzurum, Chacra, Chagra, Chakra, Gesel, Gezel, Kazil, Khezel, Khizel, Kizil, Qezel, Qizil, and Turkish Brown) originated in northwestern Iran and northeastern Turkey. Their fleece is red and has sections of black red or light red. They are used for both meat and wool production. The males are usually hornless and the females are always hornless.

Gotland - Breeds of SheepGotland

Gotland Sheep are fine-boned and medium-sized. They have ahornless black head, free from wool, sometimes with white markings. Bold eyes, alert medium sided ears. Small, neat muzzle with even jaw. Slender neck and shoulders set smoothly into a level back with generous length, good depth and reasonable breadth of body. Slender black legs well-spaced and upright. Short hair-tipped tail. Dense long lustrous grey fleece, occasionally black, white ...

Grey Troender - Breeds of SheepGrey Troender

Grey Troenders are medium-sized sheep from Trondelag region of Norway. They were developed, in the late 19th century, from the crossbreeding of native landrace sheep with the now extinct Tautra sheep.

They are most commonly found in shades of grey with distinctive white markings under their eyes. Although, brown, black, and white woolled animals are also occasionally seen. Their wool is uniform with a minimum fiber diam ...

Greyface Dartmoor - Breeds of SheepGreyface Dartmoor

Greyface Dartmoor, also known as the Dartmoor or Improved Dartmoor, sheep are descended from local breeds, which grazed the low ground in and around Dartmoor. They have immense strength of constitution developed through withstanding the severe winters and exposed conditions, which exist around the Moor. Improvements were carried out during the 19th century using the local Longwools (Notts) and the Leicester.

Dartmoor fleece is classifi ...

Gromark - Breeds of SheepGromark

Gromark Sheep development began in 1965 in northern New South Wales, Australia. Gromark are approximately 50 percent Corriedale and 50 percent Border Leicester. They are a dual-purpose sheep which evolved from objective selection for high growth rate and fertility with final selection being based on visual criteria: wool quality, frame, and carcass attributes.

Gromark sheep are large-framed (ewes average 80 kg/175 lb) producing la ...

Guirra - Breeds of SheepGuirra

Guirra, also known as Sudat and Levant Red, sheep are from Spain. They are found mainly in the Mediterranean coast of the Spanish provinces of Alicante, Castellon de la Plana and Valencia. Their early history is unknown; but according to some authors, they were developed from crossings of Manchega with thin-tailed North African sheep brought to the Mediterranean coast. In the past they were bred to produce meat, milk, and wool. But today, th ...

Gulf Coast Native - Breeds of SheepGulf Coast Native

Spanish sheep first arrived in Florida in the 1500s. Later importations of Spanish and other breeds of sheep mixed with the earlier population, all evolving under the strong natural selection of the native range conditions of Florida and the other Gulf Coast states. Today a remnant of this population survives and is known as Gulf Coast sheep.  

Gulf Coast sheep are best known for their resistance to internal parasites. The ...

Gute - Breeds of SheepGute

Gute sheep are the most primitive breed in the collection of breeds that make up the Swedish Landrace breed group. These breeds belong to the North European Short Tailed Breeds and are related to such breeds as the Finnsheep, Romanov, Spelsau, Shetland, Faroe, Orkney, and Icelandic sheep.  

Both rams and ewes have two well-developed, slightly turned, converging or diverging, symmetrical horns which are strongly curved and d ...

Hampshire - Breeds of SheepHampshire

Hampshire Sheeps face and ears are a rich dark brown, approaching black, with wool over the poll and forehead. Wool is white with an average staple length. Body deep and symmetrical with ribs well sprung, broad, straight back, flat loins, wide rump and deep heavily muscled hind legs and breast. Legs being strongly jointed and powerful are set well apart. Average mature ewe weighs 80kg, rams 120kg.

Content and Photo Source: National S ...

Han - Breeds of SheepHan

Han are a type of Mongolian sheep. They were developed in the semi-humid agricultural areas of China (Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Anhui and Jiangsu Provinces). There are two types of Han which in 1982, were claimed as two different breeds: Large-tail Han and Small-tail Han. The Large-tail Han are polled and are characterized by a long, broad, fat tail, with a thin twisted end turning upwards between two lobes, and broadest at the base. Maximum w ...

Hanzhong - Breeds of SheepHanzhong

Hanzhong are meat sheep from Ningqiang, Lueyang and Mianxian county, and Shanxi province, China.  

Adult males weigh 35 kg, females 31 kg. Their wool is 30-38 microns in diameter and is8-10 cm long.

Harnai - Breeds of SheepHarnai

Harnai are a fat tail, mutton and wool type sheep. They are found in parts of Loralai, Quetta, Sibi and Zhob districts in Baluchistan Province. They are medium size with a white body coat with a black or tan spotted head and ears. The wool yield is 2.6 kg (medium; fiber diameter 33.4m). They have a compact body with a small fat tail, high fiber density.

Hasht Nagri - Breeds of SheepHasht Nagri

Hasht Nagri are a fat tailed mutton and wool type. They are found in the Hasht Nagar tract in NWF Province of Pakistan. They are medium sized with a white body coat and their head and face either partially or completely black or tan.

Their wool yield is 1.5 kg (medium; fiber diameter 36.7m). They have a compact body with short legs. Their hanging fat tail may reach their fetlock.

Hazaragie - Breeds of SheepHazaragie

Hazaragie sheep are from Central Afghanistan. They are a fat-tailed meat breed with carpet quality wool. They are usually reddish-brown but individuals which are black or white with a brown belly are also seen. Both sexes are polled.

Hebridean - Breeds of SheepHebridean

Hebridean Sheep are a small, hardy breed with fine bones and a tail reaching no lower than the hocks. Both sexes are horned, and about 10% of animals have four or more horns. Occasionally polled ewes are to be seen but these are genetically four horned and usually produce horned lambs. The animals are entirely black, though the fleece usually goes grey with age. Lambs may have a dark brown appearance because the tips of the fleece have been ...

Heidschnucke - Breeds of SheepHeidschnucke

Heidschnucke are a fairly small sheep, initially originating from Niedersachsen in Germany. There are several varieties of Heidschnucke sheep: the grey horned Heidschnucke, the white horned Heidschnucke, and the moorschnucke (marsh sheep). At one time, the Heidschnucke were the most important sheep in northern Germany, but their numbers have declined substantially.  

Lambs are black at birth, but their fleece discolors thei ...

Herbert - Breeds of SheepHerbert

Wild sheep or bushies have long been known to occur in the area around the headwaters of the Waianakarua River, inland from Herbert and Hampden, in North Otago, NZ. This area is at the southern end of the Kakanui Mountains and the northern end of the Horse Range. They originated from stragglers that escaped muster on sheep farms, and although occasionally shot, were largely left alone. From about the 1970s serious efforts were made to eradic ...

Herdwick - Breeds of SheepHerdwick

Herdwicks Sheep are a sturdy, strong boned breed. The rams in particular have a broad chest, noticeably thick-set legs and may have strong horns, although as many as 20% are polled or have relatively small amounts of horn growth. The female sheep are somewhat finer boned and should not have any sign of horns. Purebred Herdwick lambs are born largely black often with tips of white on their ears.As they age, the heads and legs become white an ...

Herik - Breeds of SheepHerik

Herik (also known as Amasya Herik, or Heregi) are short fat-tail sheep from northern Anatolia in Turkey. They are a carpet wool breed also used for meat and dairy production. They are similar to Daglic sheep. They are usually white with dark spots on their head. The males are horned and the females are usually polled.

Hill Radnor - Breeds of SheepHill Radnor

Hill Radnor Sheep are a native hill or mountain breed most commonly found in the Border counties running from the North of Powys down to South West Herefordshire and Monmouthshire. It is a heavy breed which has good body length and width in its hind quarters, standing on well set legs with an abundance of bone. At birth the lambs are full of vitality, exceptionally well coated and gain excellent body weight. Lambing percentages vary under di ...

Hog Island - Breeds of SheepHog Island

About 200 years ago, a flock of sheep was established on Hog Island, one of Virginia's barrier islands located off its Eastern Shore. The sheep were already native to the area and are believed to have had a substantial amount of Merino blood in them. There were occasional subsequent introductions to the population, the last being in 1953, when a Hampshire ram was taken to the island. In 1974, the island was sold to The Nature Conservancy, w ...

Hokonui - Breeds of SheepHokonui

Hokonio Sheep are from the Hokonui hills in the heart of Southland, New Zealand, where they have made the rugged and isolated Hokonui Hills their home for more than a century.

At one time more than 2000 Merino sheep roamed the hills. Today only about 100 remain feral. Another 100 to 150 are being retained in domestic flocks.

Wild sheep were known to occur in this area as early as 1863 - only a few years after the first M ...

Hu - Breeds of SheepHu

Hu sheep originated from Mongolian sheep. They are distributed in the Zhejiang Jiangsu provinces of China and the suburbs of Shanghai. Hu sheep are well recognized for their beautiful wavy lambskins, early sexual maturity, aseasonal breeding, prolificacy, and the adaptability to a hot and humid climate. Hu sheep are raised indoors all year round. The lambskins taken from lambs slaughtered within the day of birth have distinctive wave-like s ...

Icelandic - Breeds of SheepIcelandic

Icelandic Sheep are a medium-sized, upstanding sheep, with a light frame and a naturally short fluke-shaped tail. Although the majority of them are horned in both sexes, polled rams and ewes are common. The horns of the ram are strong and well rounded; the ewe's horns are finer and usually swept back. Four horned sheep are found occasionally in Iceland, but none have occurred in the UK. The fleece consists of a dual coat of very fine under-w ...

Ile-de-France - Breeds of SheepIle-de-France

Photographer: Renáta Bense
Ile-de-France Sheep have a strong head with a broad forehead, polled with protruding sockets, face of medium length, lips and nose rather thick. The profile is straight, slightly concave for the ram, with large ears, horizontal or standing slightly upwards, covered with thin short hair. The body is wide and large, broad and deep chested. It has a close white fleece. White covering covers the top of the head and extends down to or slightly ab ...

Imroz - Breeds of SheepImroz

Imrov Sheep are among the smallest sheep breeds in Turkey. They are raised for meat, milk, and wool. They are predominantly white, with black marks around the mouth, nose and eyes, on the ears and rarely on the tip of the legs.  

Their tail is thin and long, usually reaching below the hocks. Rams have strong spiral horns extending sideways; ewes are usually polled, but up to 30% of the ewes may have small scurs. Their head ...

INRA 401 - Breeds of SheepINRA 401

The creation of the INRA 401 sheep bloodline began in France in 1970, after a series of experiments crossing the Berrichon du Cher and Romanov which began in 1963 with the Romanov breed.  

Matings were carried out for several successive generations, between breeding stock of the same generation chosen in priority to maintain the origins represented in the foundation generation. The INRA 401 is a highly productive ewe, wit ...

Istrian milk - Breeds of SheepIstrian milk

Istrian Milk, or Istriana or Carsolina, sheep are milk sheep from the Istria and Karst regions of Italy. The Istria sheep breeders have traditionally bred domestic, autochthonous (indigenous) sheep which they called Istriana or Carsolina. Through the years they have bred Istrian sheep mainly for their unusual and distinct long-stepping walk and the ability to graze in rocky terrain. While they will graze even on dry old grass, they are quite ...

Jacob - Breeds of SheepJacob

Jacob Sheep were traditionally a parkland breed but it is now much more widespread and is found in every part of the British Isles and in several countries around the world. It is an alert and attractive sheep being upstanding and deep bodied. Its white fleece has well defined black patches, the head and neck being mostly black with a white blaze. Both sexes are horned with either two or four horns. Jacob ewes are hardy and excellent mothers ...

Jezersko Solcava - Breeds of SheepJezersko Solcava

Jezersko-Solcava, or Jezerskosolflorinavska, sheep were developed by the crossbreeding of native white sheep with Bergamasca and Padova sheep. They resemble the Austrian Bergschaf that has a similar origin. They got their name from the breeding centers of Jezersko and Solflorinava. Their head has a convex profile and hanging ears. Their legs are long and strong. Jezersko-Solcava sheep are very convenient for lamb production in the Alpine an ...

Kamieniec - Breeds of SheepKamieniec

Kamieniec are a dual-purpose medium-wool sheep from Poland. They were developed between 1954 and 1965 in the Kamieniec farm of the Breeding Center in Susz, near Olsztyn. The starting point was a flock of primitive ewes of the Pomeranian type, from individual farms in the regions of Gdansk and Koszalin or brought from settlers from the East. They were initially crossed with Leine and Texel rams, and then mated to Romney Marsh rams.

Aft ...

Karakul - Breeds of SheepKarakul

Karakul Sheep are a fat-tailed (and fat-rumped) sheep characteristic of the Middle East as well as southern Asia and North Africa (although they were found as far south as the African Cape by the seventeenth century). As the general name implies, they are distinguished by an accumulation of fat in the tail and around the rump which evolved as a store of food necessary for survival in a harsh, drought-prone environment.

Description ...

Karayaka - Breeds of SheepKarayaka

Karayaka are multi-purpose sheep from Turkey. They are good for producing both meat and milk, and their wool is also used in carpets. They are mostly found in the northern Anatolia in Turkey, and are strongly identified with the village of Karayaka. They are also found along the eastern half of the Black Sea coast, especially in Giresun, Ordu, Sinop, Samsun, and Tokat. And they are also raised in Duzce, in the region of Western Black sea. The qua ...

Katahdin - Breeds of SheepKatahdin

The development of the breed began in the late 1950s with the importation of a small number of haired sheep from the Caribbean by Michael Piel of Maine. The Piel Farm had several thousand sheep at the time and Piel felt that progress in selection for traits important to the production of meat would be greatly enhanced by the elimination of wool as a major factor for selection. His goal was to combine the hair coat, prolificacy, and hardiness ...

Kelso - Breeds of SheepKelso

Kelso sheep are one of several composite breeds developed in New Zealand. Unlike traditional breeds, which are bred for appearance as well as productivity, composites are bred for productive traits alone. Kelso sheep are continually being upgraded and modified to meet changing market needs.  

Kelso is a sheep genetics company which has developed two large scale breeding programs over the last 50 years. The Kelso (Maternal S ...

Kerry Hill - Breeds of SheepKerry Hill

Kerry Hill Sheep are a well-balanced sturdy sheep with ears set high and free from wool. A black nose and sharply defined black and white makings on the head and legs. Both ewes and rams are hornless. It is a handsome sheep, with a dense fleece, which is unusually white. The fleece handles well and is amongst the softest of British wools. In both ewes and rams teeth should be regular and meet the pad neither undershot nor overshot. The Kerry ...

Kivircik - Breeds of SheepKivircik

Kivircik sheep are found in northwestern Turkey, where it is kept for milk and meat production. Their fleece is of carpet-wool type, but their wool is of better quality than the wool of all other indigenous breeds in Turkey.  

They are white with white or spotted faces, similar to the Karnobat and the Tsigai. Black and brown varieties are also found. Rams have horizontal spiral horns extending sideways; ewes are usually po ...

Kooka - Breeds of SheepKooka

Kooka sheep breed originated from Pakistan. They are raised for meat and wool production. They produce about 3 kg of white wool per year.  

They have a very heavy head with a wide forehead, long hanging ears, small horns, and a medium sized mouth. The females produce about 1 kg milk daily.

Lacaune - Breeds of SheepLacaune

Lacaune sheep are the most numerous sheep breed in France. They have been selected in France for increased milk production under a sophisticated selection program incorporating artificial insemination, milk recording, and progeny testing of sires for longer than any other dairy sheep breed in the world.  

Annual genetic improvement for milk yield in the French Lacaune is estimated at 2.4% or 5.7 kg (12.5 lbs). Lacaune ewe ...

Lamon - Breeds of SheepLamon

Lamon sheep are an Alpine breed, raised for meat. They large and polled with lop-ears and yellow-white wool. Sometimes, rarely, their face and legs are speckled brown or black. Their tail is thin and hangs below the hocks. Horns are absent.

Lamon sheep are one of the few Italian breeds that migrate throughout the year. In the past most Lamon sheep flock migrated every year, but today, most are not migratory. Traditionally Lamon sheep ...

Landschaf - Breeds of SheepLandschaf

Landschaf sheep are a cross between German and Dutch heath sheep and a marsh sheep. Since 1934, they have been bred in the northern German Emsland area, especially in the county of Bentheim. The highly endangered, frugal Landschaf is used for landscape preservation. It is the largest of the German heath and moor sheep with long legs and hard hoofs.  

They have a slender, long head, Roman nose, small ears, no horns, long a ...

Langhe - Breeds of SheepLanghe

Langhe, or Delle Langhe, are high-quality medium-large white dairy sheep, originally from Langhe, Region Piedmont, Italy. Today they are found in the provinces of Cuneo, Asti (Piedmont) and Savona (Liguria).

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Lati - Breeds of SheepLati

Lati, also known as salt Range, Sheep are raised for meat and wool in, and around, the Salt Range hills area in the Punjab Province, Pakistan. They are medium size with white wool and a tan or tan spotted head. Their wool yield is 1.5 kg (medium; fiber diameter 34.9m) with a low fiber density. They have small ears and a medium-sized fat tail.

Laticauda - Breeds of SheepLaticauda

Laticauda are a white Italian sheep descended from Northern Africa sheep that have developed many of their modern characteristics from subsequent crossbreeds with sheep from the Apennines. Most likely they were imported to Italy at the times of Charles III. They are raised for both meat and milk. Their milk is high-quality and used to produce high-quality pecorino cheese.

They are also known as Barbaresca campana, Bastarda arian ...

Latvian Dark-Headed - Breeds of SheepLatvian Dark-Headed

Latvian Dark-headed Sheep, also recognized as the Latvian Brown Sheep, are a medium-sized breed with a brown body complemented by a distinctive black head. Renowned for its dual-purpose capabilities, they are prized for both their succulent meat and quality wool. The wool harvested from the Latvian Dark-headed Sheep are used in an array of products, from cozy sweaters and durable socks to snug blankets. Meanwhile, its delectable meat frequently g ...

Latxa - Breeds of SheepLatxa

Latxa sheep are a milk sheep breed from the Basque Country of Spain. They are mostly raised within the provinces of Biscay, Gipuzkoa, and Navarre. They are known for excellent quality milk production. Their unpasteurized milk is used for producing Idiazabal and Roncal cheeses.

Latxa sheep have been managed traditionally by moving the flock to the mountain pastures in the summer when the ewes have finished lactating, with cheese-makin ...

Leccese - Breeds of SheepLeccese

Leccese, or Moscia Leccese, sheep are most likely are related from Zackel sheep from Asia. The have a not-so-curled woolly hanging coat.

They have rosy skin and a white coat, with black spots on their breastbone. A black short-haired muzzle, and a plain black or spotted limbs.

In the past they were raised for wool, meat, and milk but today they are mainly bred for milk production.

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Leicester - Breeds of SheepLeicester

Leicester Longwool Sheep are perhaps the most historically significant of all sheep breeds in its British homeland, and it is certainly the most famous of the longwools. It was the breed selected for development by Robert Bakewell, the most renowned and successful of all the early workers in the field of livestock improvement. Working at Dishley Grange in Leicestershire from 1755, he produced the New - or Dishley - Leicester, which combined t ...

Leineschaf - Breeds of SheepLeineschaf

Leineschaf, or Leine, sheep comes from the region of Nordheim (Hannover), in particular from the Leine river valley (hence the name).

They were created through crossbreeding of local breeds with Friesian, Merino, and Berrichon du Cher rams as well as rams of the English Leicester, and Cotswold breeds. In effect, a white hornless sheep of the dual purpose type was obtained. Medium-early maturing with uniform medium coarse wool, it is ...

Limousine - Breeds of SheepLimousine

Limousine sheep are from Limousine France. They are known for their hardiness and excellent adaptability in very varied regions, notably on non-chalky, acid soils. They breed notable for its female qualities: early sexual maturity, a sure aptitude for off-season breeding, maternal instinct, and milk value.

Lincoln - Breeds of SheepLincoln

Lincoln Longwool Sheep are the oldest known British longwool and is believed to be ancestral to all the other British longwool breeds. It is recorded as already existing in an established form by 1749, in the marshy fenlands of Lincoln County. It was the greatest rival of the Leicester, although, as they evolved in neighboring counties there is little doubt of their close relationship. Certainly there was considerable interbreeding of these ...

Lithuanian Black-headed - Breeds of SheepLithuanian Black-headed

Lithuanian Black-Headed are multipurpose sheep developed in Lithuania during the mid-20th century. They were developed by crossing local sheep with English Shropshire and meaty German black-headed rams, with the goal of combining the best characteristics of both.

Lithuanian Black-Headed sheep mature early and supply homogenous semi-fine wool. They have short and white wool, while their head, ears, and legs are covered with black ...

Litla Dimun  - Breeds of SheepLitla Dimun

Litla Dimun sheep were a primitive, short-tailed, small, black, short-wooled breed of sheep that lived in Litla Dimun (a small island between the islands of Suouroy and Stora Dimun in the Faroe Islands of Denmark). They became extinct during the mid-19th century.

They were a feral sheep, probably derived from the earliest sheep brought to Northern Europe in the Neolithic Period. The last of these sheep were shot in the 1860s.
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Livo - Breeds of SheepLivo

Livo sheep area an indigenous breed from the Valle di Livo in the Lombardy Region of northern Italy. They are medium-sized, have yellow wool, and are raised for meat.

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Llandovery Whiteface - Breeds of SheepLlandovery Whiteface

Llandovery Whiteface Hill Sheep are an elite hill breed of sheep. The rams have tremendous scale for a hill breed possessing good length and depth and can be either horned or moiled (without horns).  The sheep have a dense fleece able to withstand the elements of the harsh upland environment.  Both rams and ewes have a clean white face.  For generations the Llandovery Whiteface Hill Sheep has been bred to live and thrive in t ...

Llanwenog - Breeds of SheepLlanwenog

Llanwenog are blackfaced and polled with tuft of clean wool on the forehead, this is a white fleeced, compact sheep with well sprung ribs, a strong loin and thighs. Ears should be fairly short and thin, slightly elevated. Average mature ewe weighs 56kg, rams 90kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

Lleyn - Breeds of SheepLleyn

Lleyn Sheep are a medium sized lowland sheep weighing up to 70kg at maturity, renowned for their hardiness, prolificacy, easy lambing, strong mothering instinct, milkiness and easy handling. The wool is white free from any colored fibers or kemp and is of good length, dense and of high quality. Heads must be feminine and warm white in color with wide foreheads. Bright lively eyes and a black nose. Medium sized ears with black spots are desir ...

Lohi - Breeds of SheepLohi

Lohi are large sheep with very long ears. Their meat is considered to be very tasty and their hair is very long and grained.

Lonk - Breeds of SheepLonk

Lonk Sheep are one of the largest native hill breeds, their face and legs are pure black and white. The fleece is trim and even from head to skirting, white and free from kemp. Both sexes are horned. Average mature ewe weighs 45-54kg, rams 75-91kg.  

Lonk ewes are prolific and good mothers. They are often crossed with Down and Continental tups (rams) to produce a long lean lamb suitable for the modern consumer. Lonk tups a ...

Manchega - Breeds of SheepManchega

Manchega sheep are developed from Entrefino sheep and have a double production use: milk and sheep meat. Among this breed, there are two accepted varieties: black and white. The latter one makes up more than 90% of the animals. The average milk production is 100 liters (26.4 gallons) per animal a year, being markedly seasonal during the months of April, May and June.

Manchego cheese is the most important and well-known sheep’s mi ...

Manx Loaghtan - Breeds of SheepManx Loaghtan

Manx Loaghtan sheep are found on the Isle of Man off the coast of Great Britain. They are member of the Northern Short-tailed group, similar to the Hebridean, but slightly larger. Their wool is chocolate brown with paler tips. Manx Loaghtan sheep are descended from the primitive sheep once found throughout Scotland and the coastal islands of Britain.

Manx Loaghtan are horned with four horns being preferred. In England, the majorit ...

Marrana - Breeds of SheepMarrana

Marrana sheep are raised for meat and have yellow, or sometimes light brown, wool. They are a composite of different breeds of the Appennin; in recent decades there have been many crosses with Bergamasca and Biella sheep. They are from the Ligurian Alps, Italy.

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Marwari - Breeds of SheepMarwari

Marwari sheep are from Marwad, India. They are similar to black-headed Persian sheep but they are smaller and have better fleece. They are found in the Jodhpur, Jalore, Nagaou, Peli and Barmer districts, extending up to Ajmer and Udaipur districts of Rajasthan and the Jeoria region of Gujarat. They are being improved through selection for fleece weight and carpet quality.

Masham - Breeds of SheepMasham

Masham sheep have been bred for over a century on the hill farms in the Northern Counties of England. They are produced by crossing a Teeswater ram onto either a Dalesbred or Swaledale ewe, both hardy hill breeds. It is from these parent breeds that the Masham gains its hardiness, longevity, heavy milking qualities, strong mothering instincts and high prolificacy.  

Masham ewes are medium-sized and hornless. They have a go ...

Massese - Breeds of SheepMassese

Massese sheep are raised for carpet wool, milk, and meat production. They belong to the Apennine group and are similar to Garfagnina sheep. They are from Versilia in North-western Toscana, central Italy.

Massese sheep are medium-sized and have grey or brown wool with a dark head.Both sexes are horned and have a distinctive roman-no ...

Matesina - Breeds of SheepMatesina

Matesina sheep are an indigenous breed, descended from Gentile di Puglia and Appenninica sheep. They arefrom province of Caserta, Campania, in southern Italy.

They are medium-sized (males 65 cm, females 60 cm, at the withers) with white-brown wool. They are raised for meat, wool, and milk.

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Meatlinc - Breeds of SheepMeatlinc

Meatlinc Sheep are a British breed, in the terminal sire category, developed from a breeding program originated by Henry Fell in 1963. Originally a mixture of chosen individuals from five breeds, two British and three French, the Meatlinc evolved as a result of many years of rigorous and disciplined selection based on performance recording carried out under strictly commercial conditions.The breed was closed to any further use of outside ge ...

Meatmaster - Breeds of SheepMeatmaster

In the early 1990s, determined to utilize the advantages of the indigenous fat-tailed hair breeds and realizing the huge gap between the fat-tailed breeds and the well-muscled British and European breeds and the need for a truly good pure hair breed with good meat qualities, a group of South African farmers decided to develop a composite breed.

Various fat-tailed breeds were thus crossed with well-muscled breeds and the dream of the M ...

Mehraban - Breeds of SheepMehraban

Mehraban sheep are from the western province of Hamadan, in Iran; where they are the predominant breed. They are raised primarily for meat production. There is approximately 3 million heads.  

They are known for multiple births, fertility, and a high survival rate from birth to weaning. Their wool is a light brown carpet wool quality which was favored in Persian carpets.

Merinizzata Italiana - Breeds of SheepMerinizzata Italiana

Merinizzata Italiana are a beautiful newly-developed breed of sheep. They were developed by crossbreeding Italian Merinos, Gentile di Puglia e Sopravissana, with European Merinos (Ile de Frace, Berichonne du Cher, Merinolandschaf, etc.). The cross breedings were made to develop sheep ideal for meat production. They have a white coat and rosy skin.

Merino - Breeds of SheepMerino

Merino Sheep are one of the most popular breeds of sheep worldwide. Merino Sheep are raised predominately for wool production. Their wool is prized for being very soft and comfortable against the skin. Merino Sheep originated in Spain, but the modern Merino was domesticated in Australia.

Merino Sheep are excellent foragers and very adaptable. Merino Sheep need to be shorn at least once a year because their wool does not stop growing ...

Merino Landschaf - Breeds of SheepMerino Landschaf

Merino Landschaf, also known as Wurttemberger, sheep are a German variety of Merino. They constitute about 30% of the sheep population in Germany and are the most common commercial breed. They descend from Merino sheep first brought to Saxony in 1765.

Miniature Cheviot - Breeds of SheepMiniature Cheviot

Cheviot sheep originated in the Cheviot Hills between England and Scotland. They were introduced to the U.S. in 1838. Border Cheviots are small, hardy sheep that spend their lives on the moors. In the U.S., they have become larger than their ancestors from the UK, so the Brecknock Hill Miniature Cheviot registry was formed to preserve the original size. The registry recently dropped "Brecknock Hill" from its name to differentiate American M ...

Mirror - Breeds of SheepMirror

Mirrors are medium-sized Sheep with a characteristic head design. Besides its otherwise white color, it has black eye marks, black ear points, and a black nostril.  

They descend from old Bundner sheep races like the Prattigauer sheep and probably have influences of the silk sheep and the Luzeiner sheep. Austrian races might have participated like the Montafoner and the eyeglass sheep in the emergence of the Mirror Sheep.

Mohaka - Breeds of SheepMohaka

The Mohaka feral sheep flock is just one of several of Merino type known to have occurred at various times in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. They evolved around the Mohaka River area behind the historic Tutira sheep station.

Mohaka  Sheep are probably of considerable age - feral Merinos were described from this area as early as the 1880s and Merinos were no longer being farmed there to any extent by 1900.

In 1976, scient ...

Montadale - Breeds of SheepMontadale

Montadale sheep were developed in the United States from Cheviot and Columbia sheep crosses. E.H. Mattingly, a well-known commercial lamb buyer is given credit for developing the breed. His idea was to bring together the qualities of big western-white faced sheep and the popular mutton characteristics of Midwestern sheep. His result was a good meat type, dual- purpose animal with the head and legs free of wool and with the stylish appearanc ...

Morada Nova - Breeds of SheepMorada Nova

Morada Nova sheep are found in northeast Brazil but probably of African origin. They may also be related to a Portugal breed called Bordaleiro. They originated from selection of individuals of the Brazilian Woolless. Both sexes are polled.

The rams do not have a throat ruff. It has been reported that they have a litter size of 1.32 to 1.76. The predominant color is red to cream, but white animals are also found. The breed is small wit ...

Mouflon - Breeds of SheepMouflon

The Mouflon is thought to be one of the two ancestors for all modern sheep breeds. It is red-brown with a dark back-stripe, light colored saddle patch and underparts. The males are horned and the females are horned or polled.  

It is now rare, but has been successfully introduced into central Europe, including Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovak Republics, and Romania.

Najdi - Breeds of SheepNajdi

Najdi sheep are native to the Najd region of the Arabian Peninsula, from where it got their name. They are raised primarily in Saudi Arabia, but they are also present in Oman, Kuwait and Jordan. They are highly priced in their native area. And some top Najdi ewes can sell for around US$5,300-8,000. And the rams which can sire many more offspring can fetch hundreds of thousands. Najdi sheep are very important animals in their native area, an ...

Navajo-Churro - Breeds of SheepNavajo-Churro

Navajo-Churro sheep were the first domesticated sheep introduced into North America. Brought from Southern Spain in 1514, Churro sheep became the mainstay of Spanish ranches and villages along the Rio Grande.

Native Indians acquired flocks of Churro for food and clothing through raids and trading and eventually incorporated them into their lifestyle. After nearly becoming extinct through a government sheep improvement program in the mi ...

Nelson South Wales Mountain - Breeds of SheepNelson South Wales Mountain

Nelson South Wales Mountain Sheep are similar in appearance to the other Welsh Mountain breeds. The main differences are its greater size and the usual presence of tan markings on the face and legs together with a brown collar. The fleece is dense with an even mixture of white kempy fiber.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association

Nera di Arbus - Breeds of SheepNera di Arbus

Nera di Arbus, or Pecora Nera di Arbus ("black sheep of Arbus"), Sheep are medium-small from Arbus in the south west coast of Sardinia, Italy. They are found in the provinces of Cagliari, Nuoro, Oristano and Sassari.

New Mexico Dahl - Breeds of SheepNew Mexico Dahl

New Mexico Dahl Sheep are an almost extinct Spanish Colonial heritage hair sheep breed under development at Terra Patre Wildlife Preserve and Teaching Farm in Colorado and New Mexico. The goal in developing these unique sheep was to produce a truly multi-marketable, low-maintenance product. These hardy, no-shear sheep are beautiful and majestic with the rams supporting magnificent horns. They are also very excellent sources of lean, less mu ...

New Zealand Halfbred - Breeds of SheepNew Zealand Halfbred

New Zealand Halfbred are a registered breed of sheep, originally developed in the 19th century by crossing one of the English longwool breeds such as Lincoln, English Leicester, or Romney, with the Merino.

New Zealand Halfbreds are mainly farmed in the foothills of the South Island high country. Their wool has a fiber diameter of 25-31 microns, intermediate between Corriedale and Polwarth. Staple length is 3 to 4 inches.

Nolana - Breeds of SheepNolana

The breeding aim of the Nolana sheep is to combine the advantages of hair sheep with the advantages of native wool sheep. Nolana sheep are hair sheep. They do not produce wool, but carry a smooth coat during summer and a 4-5 cm (1.6-1.8 in) thick pelt during winter which they shed naturally in spring. Therefore, they do not need to be shorn.

Two types of sheep have evolved during the development of the Nolana sheep: a meat-type (fleis ...

Norfolk Horn - Breeds of SheepNorfolk Horn

Norfolk Horn sheep originated in Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridge, England. They are one of the ancient Heath breeds now being revived in small numbers. Norfolk Horn sheep were used along with Southdown in the development of Suffolk sheep.

They area a medium-sized breed with a long body and legs. Their face and legs are black or dark brown and free of wool. Their fleece is white with new born lambs being mottled. Both sexes are hor ...

North Country Cheviot - Breeds of SheepNorth Country Cheviot

North Country Cheviot (NCC) Sheep are a big, long rugged, white sheep which combines thriftiness and healthiness with prolificacy and strong maternal qualities. The largest of all the UK hill breeds, it is particularly suited to grassy hills and uplands. Average mature ewe weighs 55-65kg hill, 75-90kg upland, rams 75-85kg hill, 95-100kg upland.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

North of England Mule - Breeds of SheepNorth of England Mule

North of England Mule Sheep, also referred to as the 'The Original Mule', has earned the right to be called the most popular lowland ewe in Britain. When crossed with quality terminal sires she has the ability to produce large crops of the quality fat lamb so demanded by today’s markets. Combine this with her great mothering ability, hardiness and general ease of management and it is easy to see why North Of England Mules can be seen throug ...

North Ronaldsay - Breeds of SheepNorth Ronaldsay

North Ronaldsay are a small rare breed of sheep of the Northern short-tailed group of breeds. They have remained virtually unchanged. Their most unique feature is their diet, which consists mostly of seaweed. Mature ewes rarely exceed 25 kg (55 lbs); rams about 30 to 35 kg (66-77 lbs.). They are primitive and fine-boned and have evolved in a specialized seashore environment on their native island.

They adapt well to mainland managemen ...

Nostrana - Breeds of SheepNostrana

Nostrana sheep are an indigenous Italian breed, descended from Garfagnina (Apennine Group) sheep. They are from the provinces of Massa-Carrara (Tuscany) and Parma (Emilia-Romagna). They are medium sized (males: 65 cm, females: 60 cm, at withers) with white wool. They are raised for meat and wool.

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Noticiana - Breeds of SheepNoticiana

Noticiana sheep mainly have a white coat with a thin red-brick colored light head. They are mainly reared for milk. They are an autochthonous Sicilian sheep breed comes from Comisana sheep. They area a rustic frugal breed that are well-suitable to harsh environment.

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Old Norwegian - Breeds of SheepOld Norwegian

Old Norwegian Sheep are a small primitive type of sheep which inhabited Norway and the rest of Scandinavia as well, including Iceland and Faeroes. They are small framed, with good legs and a fleece varying in color from almost white to greyish, dark brown, badger-faced, muflon pattern and black.

Adult males weigh on average 43 kg (95 lbs) and females 32 kg (70 lbs). The fleece is remarkably fine and in contrast to the mouflon, the in ...

Omahaki - Breeds of SheepOmahaki

In 1976, Omahaki feral sheep were reported to be found around the confluence of the Ngaruroro and the Taruarau Rivers, in the Eastern Ruahine State Forest, and on the Big Hill and Omahaki stations, New Zealand. There appeared to be several hundred sheep spread over an area of some 7000 hectares of scrubland, screes and bluffs.

Scientist Tony Whitaker noted that the origin of this flock was uncertain but it was known to have existe ...

Ossimi - Breeds of SheepOssimi

Ossimi sheep originated in the Ossim village in the Giza Governorate of Egypt and are the most popular among the Nile and Delta sheep breeds. They are thought to be expanding their range at the expense of other breeds.  

They are adapted to variable conditions and are usually raised under intensive cropping conditions. They are a medium sized sheep, narrow, with a shallow body and long legs. They are multi-colored, usually ...

Ouessant - Breeds of SheepOuessant

Ouessant (also known Ushant, Breton Island Dwarf, and Mouton d Ouessant) sheep are a Northern European short-tailed sheep breeds and are one of the smallest sheep in the world. They originated on Ile d Ouessant, a small island off the coast of Brittany, France. The average body height of the mature ewes is around 18 inches at the shoulder. And the mature rams stand around 19 inches tall at the shoulder. 

Most of them are dark br ...

Oxford - Breeds of SheepOxford

Oxford, also known as Oxford Down, Sheep are the largest and heaviest of the Down breeds. With a capacity for fast growing and early maturity, it is an ideal crossing ram, producing light carcasses in early lambing flocks earlier than its contemporaries and catching the market whilst prices are good. When kept for heavy lamb production, the heavier carcasses are produced without unwanted fat, being most suitable for today's market.   ...

Pagliarola - Breeds of SheepPagliarola

Pagliarola sheep are from Abruzzo, Molise, and Campania Italy. They are usually yellowish-white but sometimes reddish-black. They are medium-sized (males: 65-70 cm, females: 60-65 cm at withers) and both sexes are polled. They are raised for meat, milk, and wool.

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Painted Desert - Breeds of SheepPainted Desert

Painted Desert Sheep are spotted hair sheep that receive most of their influence from Mouflon sheep. Before being established as a separate breed, they were considered by many to be a parti-colored Corsican. Other early influence came from Merino and Rambouillet sheep, and a few four-horned individuals stem from Jacob or Churro ancestry. Long desired by hunters because of the large horns and aesthetic, flashy looks, the Painted Desert is no ...

Panama - Breeds of SheepPanama

Panama sheep are one of only two recognized breeds of sheep which were developed in the United States by private sheep breeders. Originating in Idaho in the early 1900s, the Panama began as a cross between Rambouillet rams and Lincoln ewes. Following approximately five years of crossbreeding, rams and ewes were mated among themselves to establish the breed.

Panama sheep are a hardy breed that are highly adapted to range areas wit ...

Pedi - Breeds of SheepPedi

Pedi sheep are native to South Africa. They are one of three of the Nguni type, along with Zulu and Swazi, they have been in the region since 200-400 AD. They get their name and characteristics from having been raised primarily by the Bapedi people in the north of the country. Pedi are smaller fat-tailed sheep kept for meat, are polled, and are generally white, brown, and red.

Pelibuey - Breeds of SheepPelibuey

Pelibuey are hair sheep, probably closely related to the West African, Red African, African or Africana breed of Columbia and Venezuela. They are descended from the West African Dwarf and are found in Cuba, coastal areas of Mexico, and other locales in the Caribbean. 75 percent of sheep population in Cuba are Pelibuey.

Their hair color ranges from beige, brown, dark brown, red, white, black, and roan, with both solid and a combination ...

Perendale - Breeds of SheepPerendale

Perendale was developed in New Zealand during the 1950s at Massey University to meet the needs of hill country farmers on developing country. It is still a very popular breed in New Zealand. Developed from the Cheviot and Romney, Perendale sheep are a dual-purpose sheep producing a 28-32 micron wool with a 125 mm (5 in) staple length.

Perendale sheep are very fertile and have great potential to produce a prime lamb dam when crossed wi ...

Pinzirita - Breeds of SheepPinzirita

Pinzirita sheep are found in the area surrounding Sicily in southern Italy. They are a coarse-wool breed kept for milk and meat production.They have black or brown marks on the face and legs. The males are horned and the females are polled.

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Pitt Island - Breeds of SheepPitt Island

In the nineteen-seventies a feral flock of several thousand sheep could be found on Pitt Island in the Chatham group, New Zealand.

These possibly derived from Saxony Merinos first taken to South-East Island - another island in the Chatham group - in 1841 and later transferred to Pitt Island. In any case, the flock is known with certainty to have been in existence for almost a century.

A Reserve for 300 of these animals ...

Plezzana - Breeds of SheepPlezzana

Plezzana sheep (also known as Bovska sheep in Slovenia) descend from Zaupel sheep, which were spread all over Europe during the middle ages. They are medium-small sheep (males: 64 cm, females: 60 cm, at the withers). They are multi-purpose sheep. The milk is used for cheese production. The mixed wool is used for the production of loden, felt, and tweed. They are medium framed, thin-legged and finely boned sheep. They have a narrow head and a ...

Polish Merino - Breeds of SheepPolish Merino

Merino sheep were first introduced into Poland from Spain in 1786. In the early 19th century, Electoral Merinos were imported. After 1860, Merinos of the Rambouillet and Precoce types were brought to Poland, and work towards a dual-purpose type of sheep was begun. In the period between 1918 and 1939, the breed was improved for meat traits using such breeds as the Mele and Ile de France, created on the basis of English Longwool sheep.


Polish Mountain - Breeds of SheepPolish Mountain

Polish Mountain Sheep evolved from the old Carpathian Cakiel, and especially one of its varieties - the primitive Podhale sheep. They can be found in the whole Polish part of the Carpathian mountains; however, they are most frequently found in the Podhale region near the town of Nowy Sacz, where the breed traditionally originates. They have a light build, thin but strong legs, and narrow rump.  

Polish Mountain sheep are m ...

Poll Dorset - Breeds of SheepPoll Dorset

Poll Dorsets are short wool, meat producing sheep that were developed in Australia between 1937 and 1954 with the aim of breeding a true Dorset type sheep without horns. They were developed at a property called Valmore in Whitemore, Tasmania, a noted center for pedigree livestock stud farms. Poll Dorset resulted from the introduction of Corriedale and Ryeland blood into the Dorset Horn.

Their main distinguishing features are its ...

Polled Dorset - Breeds of SheepPolled Dorset

Polled Dorset is a breed of sheep developed for meat at the North Carolina State University Small Ruminant Unit in 1956. Their name refers to the fact that they area hornless variation of the Horned Dorset sheep. Polled Dorsets are the result of a genetic mutation by which some of the offspring of a certain ram grew no horns. After some years of breeding work, a strain of Dorset was developed which had lost the characteristic horns and which ...

Polwarth - Breeds of SheepPolwarth

Polwarth sheep are a dual purpose sheep, developed in Victoria, Australia, in 1880. They are 75 percent Merino and 25 percent Lincoln. Polwarths are well suited to areas with improved pastures and are mainly found in the higher rainfall districts of southern Australia. They have been successfully exported to many countries, particularly South America where they are known as Ideals.

Polwarth sheep are found polled and horned sheep with ...

Polypay - Breeds of SheepPolypay

Polypay are synthetic sheep, developed in the 1970s at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station in Dubois, Idaho, and Nicholas Farms at Sonoma, California. Targhee x Dorset and Rambouillet x Finnsheep crosses were mated to form a 4-breed composite that could produce two lamb crops and one wool crop per year.

Polypays are a medium-sized, prolific breed with an extended breeding season. Good mothers and milkers, they produce lambs with accepta ...

Pomarancina - Breeds of SheepPomarancina

Pecora Pomarancina sheep are a medium sized white sheep that most likely .evolved from Appenninica sheep. They are found in Tuscany and Siena, Italy. Their milk quality is quite good with a fat content 6/7% and wool, which is principally used for the production of mattresses.

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Pomeranian Coarsewool - Breeds of SheepPomeranian Coarsewool

Pomeranian Coarsewool Sheep, also known as just Pomereranian, or Pommersches Rauhwollschaf; Pommernschaf; or Rauhwolliges Pommersches Landschaf) is an old domestic sheep breed from the Pomerania region (split between Germany and Poland). The first records of similar sheep in Pomerania can be traced to more than 3000 years ago. They are raised primarily for meat and vegetation management.

Pomeranian Coarsewool Sheep are polled (ho ...

Portland - Breeds of SheepPortland

Portland Sheep are a heathland breed from the Dorset area of the UK – not Portland Oregon or Portland Maine - and a representative of the tan-faced group of breeds from the South West. It is a small animal, the average adult ewe weighing 38-40kg. The legs are an even tan color. The face is a tan color but may have lighter areas around the eyes and muzzle. Some sheep carry a light covering of wool on the forehead but the rest of the face ...

Priangan - Breeds of SheepPriangan

Priangan Sheep are from Priangan(a mountainous region in West Java province on the island of Java in Indonesia). They are raised for meat and sport fighting. Priangan rams are selected for size, horn size, and for fighting ability. The champion rams are highly priced and may fetch up to 300,000 rupiah ( US $722 ). However, they are not used for breeding during their fighting career as it is feared that mating would deprive them of their t ...

Pusterese - Breeds of SheepPusterese

Pusterese, also known as Pustera Gigante, Nobile di Badia, Gadertaler, Tedesca di Pusteria, Sextner, Tauferer, or Aurina, sheep are from Tyrol, Italy. Their coat is white-straw yellow. Neither gender have horns. They are medium sized (males: 75 cm, females: 65-70 cm, at the withers) and are bred for meat and wool.

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Quadrella - Breeds of SheepQuadrella

Quadrella sheep are raised for meat and milk found in the region surrounding Campania, southern Italy. They were formerly a variety of Gentile di Puglia . They are white. Both horned and naturally hornless animals are found.

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Rabo Largo - Breeds of SheepRabo Largo

Rabo Largo, meaning broad tail, are sheep found in northeastern Brazil. They originated from fat-tailed hair breeds which were brought from Africa and crossed with the native Crioulo sheep.

They are white, pied, or white, with a colored head. Both sexes are horned. Individuals within the breed vary between hair and carpet wool. The breed is one of the long fat-tailed breeds.

Racka - Breeds of SheepRacka

Image by Teglasi Szelbori Komondor
Racka sheep are a unique Zackel-type breed that originated in Hungary. Both ewes and rams have long spiral shaped horns.

The cork-screw horns protrude almost straight upward from the top of the head. Mature males may have horns as long as two feet or more. The minimum standard length is given as 50 cm (20 inches) for rams and 30 cm (12-15 inches) for ewes.

They are raised for milk, wool, and meat production. They are h ...

Raglan - Breeds of SheepRaglan

The Raglan Romney feral sheep were sourced from a bush- and scrub-covered peninsula jutting into the eastern side of Raglan Harbor in the Waikato, New Zealand.

The first group of two rams and four ewes was mustered in April 1976; eight ewes were added in December of that same year. (The peninsula was subsequently cleared of bush - and sheep - and broken in for farming.)

The descendants of this small flock remained in the ...

Rahmany - Breeds of SheepRahmany

Rahmany, or Rahmani, sheep originated in northern Syria and northern Turkey and were introduced into Egypt in the 9th century. The breed is named after Rahmania, a village in the Beheira Governorate in Egypt.

They are believed to have some resistance to internal parasites. They breed all year round and the twinning rate is relatively high. They are the largest of the Egyptian sheep breeds. They produce coarse/carpet wool and have a f ...

Rambouillet - Breeds of SheepRambouillet

Rambouillet are considered the backbone of the American Sheep Industry, forming the foundation of most western range flocks and raised throughout the United States. Rambouillet sheep descend entirely from the Spanish Merino. In fact, they are the French version of the Merino developed when Louis XVI imported 386 Spanish Merinos in 1786 for his estate at Rambouillet.  

Though named for the town in France, the breed owes m ...

Red Engadine - Breeds of SheepRed Engadine

Red Engadine sheep originated in Switzerland in Lower Engadin and in the bordering Tirolian and Bavarian valleys. They originate from local varieties, from the Stone Sheep, and the Bergamask sheep. They are medium to large framed and are distinguished by their ram nose and their long, hanging ears.  

They have a dark-brown body and a red-brown, medium to coarse wool which with increasing age becomes lighter. They are an ea ...

Red Maasai - Breeds of SheepRed Maasai

Red Maasai, or Red Masai, are an East African fat-tailed type of hair sheep used for meat production. They are found in northern Tanzania, south central Kenya, and Uganda.

Masai are red-brown, occasionally pied. Males are horned or polled. Females are usually polled. Red Masai are known for being resistant to internal parasites.

Rhoen - Breeds of SheepRhoen

Rhoen sheep are one of the oldest landrace breeds in Germany. They were mentioned in 1844 in the files of the convent of Fulda: 'The common sheep of the Rhoen farmer is a normal German sheep with peculiar characteristics, which even in foreign countries is known as Rhoenschaf. It is yellow-white with a black hornless head and is clothed in coarse, non-elastic wool, with little crimp. Its body is large, the bones are strong, and it lends its ...

Rideau Arcott - Breeds of SheepRideau Arcott

Rideau Arcott, or just Rideau, sheep are one of three Canadian breeds. Their development began in 1968 at Agriculture Canadas Animal Research Centre in Ottawa when the Centre's Suffolk, Shropshire, and Dorset sheep were combined with imported breeds: Finnish Landrace and East Friesian. In 1974, the Rideau was closed to the introduction of new genetic material.

From 1974 to 1977, the numbers within the breed were multiplied with minima ...

Romanov - Breeds of SheepRomanov

Romanov sheep originated in the Volga Valley, northeast of Moscow. The name Romanov comes from the royal family of Russia. These sheep were first noticed in the 18th century, and were later imported into Germany and then France. In 1980, the Canadian government brought in 14 Romanov ewes and 4 rams for testing and put them into quarantine for 5 years. After that, some were brought to the United States.

Romanov ewes tend to lamb by the ...

Romney - Breeds of SheepRomney

Romney Sheep are a dual purpose breed, used for wool and meat, that originated in the Romney Marshes of Kent England. They are one of the world most successful sheep breeds.

They are large framed and carry a heavy long woolled fleece. They have a broad white face, sometimes with a small woolly top knot. Both sexes are hornless. Rams average 250 lbs., ewes average 175-200 lbs. Their fleece on average their fleece weighs 10-12lbs.< ...

Roslag - Breeds of SheepRoslag

Roslag are an endangered sheep from Sweden. They originated from the remnant populations of Swedish landrace breeds that used to be rather common all over the countryside, but are generally believed to have come from Raggaron in Roslagen, Sweden.  

They are small and generally white or ivory colored (although 10% of the population are black or white-black bi-colored), they are a short-tailed and are usually used in the pr ...

Rosset - Breeds of SheepRosset

Rosset sheep are a transhumant (magratory) breed found in western Aosta Province, mainly in the three tributary valleys of the Dora Baltea: Val Grisanche, Val di Rhemes, and Val Savaranche. A small number of rosset sheep can be found with other breeds in several valleys of rivers flowing south from Mt Fallere, and in the Val Pelline. They are kept in small flocks of five to ten heads. They are stall-fed during the winter at the farmsteads i ...

Rouge de l'Ouest - Breeds of SheepRouge de l'Ouest

Rouge de L ouest are medium-sized Sheep. As its name suggests its head, which is hornless, can vary from pink to deep red and is covered with fine hair. The legs are a similar color to the head and are covered in fine hair. The fleece is fine with a short staple which grows into a dense 'jacket' giving the breed ample protection against the harshest weather. Average mature ewes weighs 75-100kg, rams 100-140kg.

Content and Photo Co ...

Rouge de Roussillon - Breeds of SheepRouge de Roussillon

Rouge du Roussillon are an endangered breed of sheep from southern France. They are primarily raised in the French Mediterranean countryside for lamb meat. They are of Algerian descent, and came to France in the 18th century, and were likely introduced to France via Spain.  

They are a medium fine-wool breed. The males typically weigh 75-100 kg and stand 75-90 cm tall, while the ewes normally weigh around 55-65 kg and stan ...

Rough Fell - Breeds of SheepRough Fell

Rough Fell Sheep are horned with a black head and a definite white patch on their nose. Their body is large and long with a broad loin, strong frame and legs with a noble carriage. Average mature ewes weigh 50kg and rams weigh 80kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

Roussin - Breeds of SheepRoussin

Roussin Sheep are a medium-sized breed that has a brown face and legs. The head and legs are free from wool. Both sexes are polled. Average mature ewe weighs 70-90kg, rams 90-110kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

Royal White - Breeds of SheepRoyal White

Royal White is a new breed of hair sheep privately funded and developed by William Hoag, of Dorpcroix Sheep Farm in Hermeleigh, Texas. They are a cross between Dorper and St. Croix sheep.  

They are pure white. They grow a longer hair in the winter that is shed off naturally in the spring. Ewes and rams are naturally hornless. Texas Tech and Texas A & M University are currently doing research with the breed with regard ...

Ruda - Breeds of SheepRuda

Ruda sheep are found mostly in Albania and Croatia. In 2009, Ruda sheep were the most endangered breed of sheep in the Republic of Croatia. Ruda may be related to Romanian Tsigai Sheep. They are primarily raised for wool. They are well adapted to low temperatures and mountain grazing.  

They have white or blond wool with a pink skin. They have a white head and white spots on their body and head. At the withers, the mature ...

Rya - Breeds of SheepRya

Rya sheep are from Sweden, they are also known as Swedish Carpet Wool Sheep or Ryafar sheep. They originated from Norwegian, Swedish, and Norwegian Spaelsau sheep. They were raised to produce long, wavy and shiny wool to produce rya-wool.

Few long wool sheep breeds remained in the province of Dalarna, leading to the restoration of this sheep breed in the early 20th century. And there was a stable population of about 2000 Rya shee ...

Ryeland - Breeds of SheepRyeland

Ryeland Sheep have faces that are well-woolled and their ears are of medium size, slightly dark in color. Ryeland's heads have no trace of horn. Its chest is broad and fairly deep and has a straight, level back. Its legs are a dull white color, well woolled to knee and hock with strong, compact feet renowned for freedom from footrot. Its fleece is dense, free from dark fibers, coarseness and kemp. Average mature ewe weighs 50-60kg, rams 75-8 ...

Rygja - Breeds of SheepRygja

Rygja sheep are originally from Rogaland in south west Norway. In the 18th century the local Norwegian Spael sheep were crossed with several imported breeds, such as Merino, South Down, and Leicester. After 1860 mostly Cheviot and Sutherland sheep were imported and had also an influence. In later years further crossings have been made with Texel, Finnsheep, Dala, and Steigar sheep.

Rygja sheep are now spread throughout Norway and ...

Saeftinger - Breeds of SheepSaeftinger

Saeftinger sheep originated around 1986 by crossing a Romanov ram onto Suffolk ewes. The breed takes its name from the salt meadows where it grazes.

Saeftinger meat is considered a culinary specialty. Mature ewes average 2.2 lambs per lambing; ewe lambs, 2.0. Three lamb crops in two years is common. Ewes and rams are both hornless.

Sakiz - Breeds of SheepSakiz

Sakiz are a carpet wool sheep that is also kept for meat and milk production. They can be found in the region surrounding Izmir in Turkey. The males are horned.

Saltasassi - Breeds of SheepSaltasassi

Saltasassi sheep are from northern Italy.They are medium-small (males: 60-65 cm, females: 55 cm at the withers), they have white wool, and are raised for meat.

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Sambucana - Breeds of SheepSambucana

Sambucana, also known as Demontina, sheep are an indigenous Italian breed, probably descended from Garessio sheep. They are found in southwestern Cuneo Province (Piedmont), in the valleys of the rivers Bagni, Stura di Demonte, and, formerly, the Maira. The elevation of the valleys is from 1.300 to 2.000 metres, with snow on the ground four to five months of the year.

They have yellow-white wool: about 8 percent of the breed are d ...

Santa Cruz - Breeds of SheepSanta Cruz

Santa Cruz Sheep are from Santa Cruz Island, California, USA. There is considerable uncertainty as how and when sheep got to Santa Cruz island. It is believed that Merino, Rambouillet, and perhaps some Churro sheep are part of their ancestry. However, it is certain that they have been feral for the last 70 years. The Nature Conservancy acquired 88% of the island during the 1970's and began an eradication program in 1980.  


Santa Ines - Breeds of SheepSanta Ines

Santa Ines is a breed of hair sheep found in Brazil. They are generally thought to be a cross of Morada Nova, a course-wooled Italian breed, Bergamasca, and a native coarse-wooled Crioula, followed by a period of selection or evolution for absence of fleece. Colors range from red, black and white and can be spotted or solid. They have large bodies, are long-legged and have large pendulous ears and are polled.

Rams do not have a throat ...

Sardinian - Breeds of SheepSardinian

Sardinian, also known as Sarda, sheep are an indigenous breed from Sardinia; they are also found in central Italy. They are well adapted to live on karst soils. They are white and raised for milk production.

Pecorino sarda cheese is made only from Sardinian sheep milk coming from the island of Sardinia off the coast of Italy. In Sardinia, there are more sheep than people.

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Savoiarda - Breeds of SheepSavoiarda

Savoiarda sheep are an indigenous breed found in the Province of Turin, Piedmont, Italy. They are well-adapted to the local environment (plains and hills).

They are dirty white except for the nose, eyes, ears, and legs, which may have black spots. Their long ears hang horizontally, and their tail is long and thin. Only the rams are horned. They have a mattress type fleece, 120–150 mm long, with no kemp.They are raised for meat, ...

Schnalserschaf - Breeds of SheepSchnalserschaf

Schnalserschaf (also known asUltnerschaf , Val Senales, or Schnalserschaf) sheep are from the province of Bolzano, northern Italy. They are an Alpine meat breed. About 80 percent are white, 15 percent black, and 5 percent are brown. Both genders are polled.They are raised for meat and wool.

They are derived from local sheep (Steinschaf or Roccia) crossed with Bergamo, and are similar in appearance to the latter, Italy's largest bre ...

Scotch Mule - Breeds of SheepScotch Mule

Photo Source: National Sheep Association
Scotch Mule sheep are an intentionally produced crossbred sheep out of Scottish Blackface ewes and sired by Bluefaced Leicester rams. The term "mule" (when it refers to sheep) is used for an intentionally produced crossbred sheep that is sired by a Bluefaced Leicester ram. In the United Kingdom, Mule ewes are the backbone of the commercial sheep industry. The various types of Mules are the most popular commercial ewes in the UK, and the Blu ...

Scottish Blackface - Breeds of SheepScottish Blackface

Scottish Blackface, also known as just Blackface, Sheep are the most numerous of British breeds. They are found over a wide spectrum of hill and marginal ground throughout Great Britain and Ireland. All Blackfaces are horned, with black or black and white face and legs. The fleece should be free of black fiber, and can vary from short, fine wool used for carpets and tweeds to strong coarse, which is mainly sold for the Italian mattress trade ...

Scottish Dunface - Breeds of SheepScottish Dunface

Scottish Dunface (also known as Old Scottish Short-wool, Scottish Whiteface, or Scottish Tanface) are an extinct breed of sheep originally from Scotland. They were part of the Northern European short-tailed sheep group, and they were probably similar to the sheep kept throughout the British Isles in the Iron Age. By the mid-nineteenth century they had mostly been displaced by the Scottish Blackface and became extinct on the mainland of Scot ...

Scottish Greyface - Breeds of SheepScottish Greyface

Scottish Greyface sheep are produced by crossing a Border Leicester ram with a Scottish Blackface ewe.

Scottish Greyface sheep have a speckled gray face. Their body is long, well-sprung, and evenly fleshed. Scottish Greyface sheep can be found in all parts of the British Isles.

Scottish Greyface ewes are used to produce quality prime lamb when put to a terminal sire.

Serrai - Breeds of SheepSerrai

Serrai sheep are from Greece. They are bred primarily for meat and milk.

They have a roman nose and a thin tail. The rams have horns, weigh 78 kg at maturity are grow to 68 cm at the withers. The ewes have small horns 30% of the time, weigh 68 kg and grow to a height of 73 cm. On average, ewes produce 1.5 lambs per litter. They lactate 154 to 236 days (average 221 days) with an average yield of 0.7 kg of milk per day with a 7% fat con ...

Shetland - Breeds of SheepShetland

Shetland Sheep are one of the smallest of the British sheep. The ewes are usually hornless, and the rams have nicely-rounded horns, not too heavy, nor too close together. Their head is well carried, their face is of medium length with a straight nose and bright eyes, the back is straight and of medium length.

They originated in the Shetland Isles, but is they are now kept in many other parts of the world. They are part of the Nor ...

Shetland-Cheviot - Breeds of SheepShetland-Cheviot

Shetland-Cheviot sheep are the result of a North Country Cheviot ram bred with a Shetland ewe. The hybrid vigor produced from the crossing the two pure breeds ensures that the Shetland-Cheviot retains the features of both. They are hardy, thrifty, and milky with their sire's excellent conformation.   

Following the realization that a small ewe crossed with a large, fast growing sire could produce prime lamb ve ...

Shropshire - Breeds of SheepShropshire

Shropshire Sheep are medium sized Sheep. They are active and alert. They have a soft black face, with a covering of wool on the poll. Their ears should be soft, black and well set on. Their body is well-fleshed, long, deep and symmetrical, having a broad straight back with well-sprung ribs. Their legs are medium in length, of strong bone and upright joints, well set apart and soft black in color. Their cherry skin is covered in dense, fine q ...

Skudde - Breeds of SheepSkudde

Skudde are nordic, short-tailed heather sheep. They originally were from East Prussia and the Baltic States. However, today only a few small herds can be found in these areas.

Skudde sheep have an imposing snail horn. The ewes are hornless or carry horn stumps. In individual cases, it occurs that ewes carry chamois-like hornlets. They are slender, rams weight between 35 and 50 kg (77-110 lbs), and ewes weigh from 25 to 40 kg (55- ...

Soay - Breeds of SheepSoay

Soay sheep are considered to be the only living example of the small, primitive sheep which inhabited the British Isles before the coming of the Norsemen and Romans.

Their name is derived from the island of Soay off the coast of Scotland. Soays were originally imported to North America in 1974. They are a small framed sheep with a fleece that varies from light to dark brown in color and is shed naturally in the summer.

Solognote - Breeds of SheepSolognote

Solognote sheep are an old breed that derives its name from Sologne, France, where it was developed in the 15th century.

They were in very widespread use in the 1850s. They were exported to Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Morocco. Solognote sheep are a very rustic breed that is able to tolerate diseases and poor feeding conditions.

Somali - Breeds of SheepSomali

Somali are hair sheep native to Somali in Africa where they are reared primarily for meat production.  

They are white with a black head. Both sexes are polled and the breed belongs to the fat-rumped type. Somali sheep are the immediate ancestor of the Blackheaded Persian which was developed in South Africa in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and that has been widely used for crossbreeding in many parts of Africa and ...

Sopravissana - Breeds of SheepSopravissana

Sopravissana sheep are found in the Central Apennines, Latium of central Italy. They have white fine to medium wool and are raised for milk and meat production. They originated from Vissana crossed with Spanish Merino and Rambouillet sheep in the 18th and early 19th century. American and Australian Merinos were used during the early 20th century for additional improvement of the breed.

Sopravissana rams are horned and the female ...

South African Meat Merino - Breeds of SheepSouth African Meat Merino

South African Meat Merino (SAMM) sheep were imported into South Africa by the Department of Agriculture from 1936 to 1974 from Germany where the Deutsche Fliesch Merino is a common meat sheep of Germany, Austria, and Poland. In South Africa, the name was translated as Duits Vleis Merino and then into English as German Mutton Merino. In 1974, the South African Breed Society changed the name to the South African Mutton Merino.

When impo ...

South Dorset - Breeds of SheepSouth Dorset

South African Meat Merino (SAMM) sheep were imported into South Africa by the Department of Agriculture from 1936 to 1974 from Germany where the Deutsche Fliesch Merino is a common meat sheep of Germany, Austria, and Poland. In South Africa, the name was translated as Duits Vleis Merino and then into English as German Mutton Merino. In 1974, the South African Breed Society changed the name to the South African Mutton Merino.

When impo ...

South Suffolk - Breeds of SheepSouth Suffolk

South Suffolk sheep a fixed cross between Suffolk and Southdown sheep. They are a large, comparatively heavy meat breed.  

The rams are for use as terminal sires, used in cross breeding for early prime lamb production. South Suffolks can be found in most states of Australia and in New Zealand, where the breed originated. The wool is of the fine Downs type and measures 24 to 26 micron in fiber diameter. Their fertility leve ...

South Wales Mountain - Breeds of SheepSouth Wales Mountain

South Welsh Mountain sheep have been reared on the harsh hill pastures of South Wales for centuries. Their ability to thrive where lesser breeds have failed has ensured their predominance in the area.  

They are a dual purpose breed. They are similar in appearance to other Welsh Mountain breeds, and rams are frequently used to improve the size and conformation of the other Welsh Mountain breeds.  

When c ...

Southdown - Breeds of SheepSouthdown

Southdown Sheep are a good all-rounder, capable of meeting the needs of all breeders. They are a well-fleshed, meaty, sheep with a wide, level back through to the tail and a leg at each corner. Their wool is of fine texture and great density covering the whole body down to the hocks. Their ears are small and covered with short wool. Southdown Sheep are an easy lambing breed. Rams are robust, good on their feet and long lived. Average mature ...

Spaelsau - Breeds of SheepSpaelsau

Spaelsau, also known as Spael, sheep are from Norway. They are named for their short, nearly wool-less tail (spaelen). They originate from old Norwegian landrace sheep. In 1912, two breeding stations were established to prevent their extinction. Icelandic sheep were crossed onto the Spaelsau sheep through semen import in the 1960's and 1970's. Finnsheep and Faeroe Island sheep were also used in the breeding of Spaelsau sheep.  

Spanish Merino - Breeds of SheepSpanish Merino

A number of sheep breeding nations, including Phoenicia, Italy, and Spain, are believed to have played a part in the development of the Merino sheep. However, it is generally agreed upon that the Moors, who dominated Spain through the eighth to thirteenth centuries, were primarily responsible for selectively breeding the animals to such an extent that the wool they produced became superior to that of all other sheep.

Indeed, the word ...

St. Augustine - Breeds of SheepSt. Augustine

St. Augustine sheep are a cross between Dorper and St. Croix sheep. They were developed in Florida, USA, by Ron Taber in 2000.

St. Croix, sheep have superior mothering abilities, parasite resistance, and hardiness; while Dorpers are larger and have a heavily-muscled frame. The result is a meat sheep cross that does well in hot, humid condition.

St. Augustine sheep are medium sized with a medium sized frame. They are w ...

St. Croix - Breeds of SheepSt. Croix

St. Croix is a hair sheep that originated in the Virgin Islands, where it is called the Virgin Island White. They are believed to have descended from hair sheep of West Africa, but some think they are a cross of Wiltshire Horn and native Criollo sheep. Most St. Croix sheep are white with some solid tan, brown, black, or white with brown or black spots.

Both sexes are polled, and rams have a large throat ruff. Exceptional parasite resi ...

Steinschaf - Breeds of SheepSteinschaf

Steinschaf sheep are a direct descendent of the now extinct Zaupelschaf. They have developed characteristics that made them perfect for life in the high mountains of Eastern Alpine regions. In the beginning of the 20th century the Steinschaf still roamed the meadows of Bavaria, Germany, especially the areas around Berchtesgaden, Traunstein, and Rosenheim. In Austria, their range was mainly in the Salzburg area.

The original Steinschaf ...

Stewart Island - Breeds of SheepStewart Island

The first large-scale sheep farming venture on Stewart Island, New Zealand, was commenced in 1874 on what proved to be unsuitable terrain at Scott Burn. Within a few years other sheep runs were taken up on drier land at Island Hill and Kilbride in Masons Bay on the western coast. Prior to this only small numbers of sheep had been kept on the island for household supply, mostly at The Neck (on the east coast). Sheep farming was never greatly ...

Suffolk - Breeds of SheepSuffolk

Suffolk Sheep are a polled breed, with a distinctive all-black head and legs, and single color close cropped white wool. Independent trials show that Suffolks have the fastest growth rate of the terminal sire breeds. Average mature ewe weighs 84kg, rams 130kg. 

 Content and photo source: The National Sheep Association

Swaledale - Breeds of SheepSwaledale

Swaledale Sheep have a fascinating masked face: the upper part of their face is deep black but a bright silvery white surrounds the nose and eyes. The hair on their face is short and strong. They grow greyer with age. Their horns are set low, round and rather wide. Their ears are grey or silver and of medium length. Their wool is white except at the back of the head where it is mixed with part black, with a thick deep bed and curly top of m ...

Swifter - Breeds of SheepSwifter

Swifter sheep are a new, highly productive sheep breed, which was developed in the 1970s by the Agricultural University in Wageningen, the Netherlands, to increase the productivity of the Dutch sheep stock. Swifters are used as dams for slaughter lambs.

Swifter sheep were developed by crossing Texel and Flemish sheep. To obtain excellent, fast-growing lambs for slaughter, the Swifter ewe is tupped by a ram for slaughter lamb productio ...

Swiss Black-Brown Mountain - Breeds of SheepSwiss Black-Brown Mountain

Swiss Black-Brown Mountain sheep originate from the ancientrnSwiss Jura, Simmentaler, Saanen, Frutiger, Roux de Bagnes,and Freiburger sheep.rnThey are polled, medium-sized sheep. Their coat is either black, chestnutrncolored, or light brown. Their heads and legs are clear of wool, covered withrnshort black or brown hairs. Their fleece is of single-color, thick, andrnclose-cropped.rnrn 

rnrnDue to their Merino ancestry, their wool is f ...

Swiss White Alpine - Breeds of SheepSwiss White Alpine

Swiss White Alpine sheep are a short-wooled breed kept primarily for meat. They originated in Switzerland in 1936 from a cross between the Swiss White Mountain and 50 to 75% Ile-de-France.

Tacola - Breeds of SheepTacola

Tacola Sheep are white sheep raised for meat. They are Indigenous breed, descended from Biellese (Alpine group) sheep. Is bred in the provinces of Cuneo, Biella and Vercelli (Piedmont Region).

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Taleshi - Breeds of SheepTaleshi

Taleshi sheep are from Iran, numbering some 400,000 animals in the north of the country, and distributed in the northern and western parts of Gilan Province in the mountains between Assalem, Khalkhal, Oshkourat, and Deilaman. They can can also be found in some areas of the Guilan-Zanjan border.

Their mean adult live weight ed is 35 kg (77 lbs) for rams and 31 kg (67 lbs) for ewes. Their coat is yellowish-white to pure white, but ...

Tan - Breeds of SheepTan

Tan sheep are famous for their fur with long curled hair. Their wool is soft, light and puffy, with long and even fiber, suitable for making high-grade blankets, shawls, and scarves. Tan sheep are raised in the desert and semi-desert regions of China.

Targhee - Breeds of SheepTarghee

Targhee sheep are one of Americas newest breeds. They were developed in 1926 at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station in Dubois, Idaho, from Rambouillet, Columbia, and Corriedale crosses. Targhee sheep derive their name from the Targhee National Forest on which the experiment station's flock grazes in the summer. The forest was named for a chief of the Bannock Indians who had lived in the area in the 1860s.  

Targhee are a dua ...

Tautersheep - Breeds of SheepTautersheep

Tautersheep, also known as Tautra sheep, are an extinct breed of sheep from Tautra island in Frosta, Norway. They were a sheep with fine wool resembling the Spanish merino. The origin of this breed is disputed, but could possibly be a merino sheep brought to Tautra several hundred years ago, and afterwards mixed with old Norse sheep, others have claimed that the origin is from the English Ryeland sheep, which suggest that the Tautersheep was ...

Teeswater - Breeds of SheepTeeswater

Photo source: The National Sheep Association
Teeswater are large hornless longwool sheep from Teesdale in the County of Durham, located in Northern England. For almost 200 years they have been bred by farmers in that area. Until the 1920s, the breed was comparatively rare, but now they are to be found in almost every part of the U.K.  

Their wool has fine long-stapled lustrous wool with each lock hanging free with no tendency to matiness. There should be no dark fibe ...

TEFRom - Breeds of SheepTEFRom

TEFRom are a composite sheep developed from Texel, East Friesian, and Romney sheep to achieve fast lamb growth in an efficient ewe. The initial TEFRom cross was based on: 
  •  25% Texel muscling, parasite resistance and clear under the tail. 
  •  25% East Friesian high fertility (230% base) and milking ability. 
  •  50% Romney for stability. strong constitution, fleece weight together with growth r ...

Texas Dall - Breeds of SheepTexas Dall

Texas Dall have no relation to Alaskan Dall sheep. They are a cross between Rambouillet, Barbados Blackbelly, and European Mouflon sheep.

Although most Texas Dall are white, they can range in color from white to blond or pale champagne. Some even have spotted markings, usually fawn. Their horns are large and spectacular. They are raised primarily for trophy hunting.

Texel - Breeds of SheepTexel

Texel, also known as Blue Texel, Sheep are quickly gaining popularity with commercial sheep farmers as terminal sires for prime lamb production.

There are many kinds of Texel sheep, including Dutch, English, and French. The English Texel sheep tend to be taller animals while the Dutch Texel sheep have very short legs and heavy muscling. All of the Texel sheep remarkable muscle development and leanness.

Tiroler Steinschaf - Breeds of SheepTiroler Steinschaf

Tiroler Steinschaf, also known as Tyrolean rock sheep or Pecora della Roccia Tirolese, sheep is found in Tyrol, Austria and Bolzano, Italy. They are a coarse-wooled breed, belonging to the Lop-eared Alpine group, which is kept mainly for meat production.

The Tiroler Steinschaf is one of the forty-two autochthonous local sheep breeds of limited distribution for which a herdbook is kept by the Associazione Nazionale della Pastoriz ...

Tong - Breeds of SheepTong

Tong sheep originate from Mongolian sheep. They are able to withstand unfavorable environmental conditions and are found in the high plains of the northern Shaaxi Province of China, where the average temperature is 13C and annual precipitation is 520 to 600 mm (20-24 in). Their wool is carpet wool. Wool production is low.  

Tong sheep have the ability to deposit fat in their tail. Tong lambs have beautiful curls that look ...

Trimeticcia di Segezia - Breeds of SheepTrimeticcia di Segezia

Trimeticcia di Segezia sheep are a new breed from Segezia. They are considered a synthetic breed developed by crossbreeding with three different breeds: Italian Gentile di Puglia, French Ile de France, and German Wurttemberg sheep. They were developed at the Experimental Institute for Zootechny of Segezia, province of Foggia, Italy. They are raised in Puglia and Molise. They have a white coat, no horns in bothrnsexes, and are raised for meat, ...

Tsigai - Breeds of SheepTsigai

Tsigai sheep originated in Southeast Europe, where they arernraised for meat and milk. There are many variations of the breed.

Some Tisigai populations have been improved by Merino andrnBritish meat breeds. Tsigai sheep have long tails. They are good meat and milkrnproducers.

Tukidale - Breeds of SheepTukidale

Technically, the Tukidale is a not a new breed of sheep, but rather a Romney sheep carrying the T gene for hair. They originated on M.W. Coops property in New Zealand from a ram born November 26, 1966. The ram possessed the T gene, which is dominant. The T gene is responsible not only for producing the specialty carpet-type fleece, but also the formation of horns in the in the male and, to a lesser extent in females.  

Tuk ...

Tunis - Breeds of SheepTunis

Photographer: Todd Brisco
Tunis sheep are one of the oldest sheep breeds. It is believed that they roamed the hills of Tunis and parts of Algeria in North Africa prior to the Christian era. American Tunis sheep evolved from a number of importations of fat-tailed sheep from Africa and the Middle East that were crossed with established European breeds to improve the breed's meat characteristics.

The earliest documented importation occurred in 1799, a gift to th ...

Turchessa - Breeds of SheepTurchessa

Turchessa sheep are a medium-sized autochthonous breed belonging soft wool group from Campania, Italy. They may have been developed by the crossbreeding with Mediterranean sheep with a fat tail. The have a white coat and the males have spiral-shaped horns. They are raised for meat and milk.

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Turki - Breeds of SheepTurki

Afghanistan is home to many of Central Asias most unique breeds of sheep that are particularly well-adapted to the local conditions and highly valuable commercially. The most notable is the largest breed of fat-rumped sheep, the Turki.  

Turki sheep have two distinct camel humps of fat on their behinds. They have a high growth rate and are a good producer of mutton, but are not a good wool producer. They are raised mostly ...

Tyrol Mountain - Breeds of SheepTyrol Mountain

Tyrol Mountain Sheep are found in Tyrol of Austria and Bolzano of Italy. They are a coarse wooled breed, belonging to the Lop-eared Alpine group, which is kept for meat production.

Tyrol Mountain sheep are similar to Carinthian sheep but they have better wool, a white face and longer ears. They are also occasionally pied or black. Both sexes are polled. Tyrol Mountain sheep originated from the Bergamasca, Steinschaf, and Spiegel varie ...

Uda - Breeds of SheepUda

Uda sheep are from Africa. They are common in Chand, Northern Cameroon, Northern Nigeria, and Niger. There are many varieties of Uda sheep; but usually their back half is white and their front half is brown or black. They are also known as Pied, Ouda, North Nigerian Fulani, Louda, Houda, Foulbe, Fellata, Bororo, Bali-Bali, and Oudah bicolore sheep.

They are Sahel-type hair sheep and they are raised mainly for meat production.

Ujumqin - Breeds of SheepUjumqin

Ujumqin sheep are a larger version of the Mongolian breed, are found in Inner Mongolia, China. They have a fat tail 28 cm (11.2 in) long by 36 cm (14.4 in) wide in the male, and 22 cm long by 28 cm (8.8 in) wide in the female. When dressed, the tail fat weighs 2 kg (4.4 lbs) or more. Ujumqin sheep were developed due to the sharp seasonal contrast in plant growth in the pastoral areas.  

The sheep tend to deposit a large am ...

Valachian - Breeds of SheepValachian

Valachian sheep are a highly endangered variety of landrace. Presently, their only breeding is done in Germany and strictly for preservation. Valachian sheep are dual-coated with coarse, mostly white wool that reaches the ground; gray and black are rare.  

Valachian rams often have Roman noses and look imposing with spiraling horns of up to one meter, that stick out sideways. The ewes sometimes have corkscrew-like, fine ho ...

Valais Blacknose - Breeds of SheepValais Blacknose

Valais Blacknose sheep come from the Valais region of southern Switzerland. They are a rare dual-purpose breed that is raised both for meat and for wool. Both rams and ewes are horned and they have a very distinct black-hole face - their faces, eyes, and noses are all black surrounded by long white wool.

Valais Blacknose sheep are well adapted life in the high mountains and they graze even on the steepest, stoniest slopes.

Valle del Belice - Breeds of SheepValle del Belice

Valle del Belice sheep have a white coat and a white head. The males sometimes have horns but the females do not. They are an autochthonous breed from Valle del Belice (Provinces of Agrigento, Trapani and Palermo, in Sicily). They were developed from crosses with Pinzirita and Comisana e Sarda sheep. They are raised for milk.

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Van Rooy - Breeds of SheepVan Rooy

In 1906, Senator J. C. van Rooy, of the farm Koppieskraal inrnthe Bethulie district of South Africa, started his experiments to propagate arnbreed of sheep for slaughter lamb production: The requirements he set for thisrnbreed, were threefold:
1. The breed had to be strong and hardy to cope withrnregular droughts;
2. It had to be fertile in order to maintain a highrnpercentage of production;
3. It had to have an excellent conformation ...

Varesina - Breeds of SheepVaresina

Varesina sheep are a Lop-eared Alpine breed found in the area near Biandronno, Italy. Originally they were transhumant (migratory), and until the mid-1960's some Varesa sheep were in flocks that summered in the Alps. All that remain today are sedentary and are kept in small family flocks of mixed breeds. They are one of the largest breeds of sheep in Italy, and only slightly smaller than Biella sheep.

The are white sheep with a ...

Vendeen - Breeds of SheepVendeen

Vendeen Sheeps head and legs are pale to dark brown and are lightly fleeced. The body is long with a broad back, well sprung ribs, strong loin and well developed gigot. The breed has a noble head and broad muzzle. It is hornless and the poll not too wide. The ears are large. It has an excellent quality close fleece which sheds water easily. Average mature ewe weighs 65-80kg, rams 95-120kg.

Content and Photo source: national Sheep ...

Vicentina - Breeds of SheepVicentina

Vicentina sheep are white and raised for meat. They are a variety of LamonSheep. They are found on the Asiago Plateau (Vicenza Province, Lombardy Region, northern Italy). Formerly, they were also in the Chiampo Valley. Most sheep in the area are in family holdings of only three to four head. In the winter they are stall-fed, but during the summer are put into bands of 700–1.000 sheep to graze in the mountains above the plateau.

V ...

Villnoesser - Breeds of SheepVillnoesser

Villnosser sheep (also known as Karntner Brillenschaf, Jesersko- Solcavska, or Brillenschaf) were developed in the 18th century, from crossbreeding Carinthian Landrace, Bergamask, and Paduan silk sheep. In Southern Carinthia, the Friaul, and in Slovenia, Villnosser sheep were very common.

Villnosser sheep are a strong and medium-sized sheep with a roman and a bare head with lop ears of medium length. They have black spots around ...

Vissana - Breeds of SheepVissana

Vissanna sheep are an Italian autochthonous sheep breed from Visso in the province of Macerata. They belong to the Apennine group and are reared in high hills but they are able to make the most of poor pastures.

They are medium-small sheep (males: 70 cm, females: 60 cm at the withers) with white wool. They are raised for meat, milk, and wool.

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Vlaams schaap - Breeds of SheepVlaams schaap

Vlaams Schaap are a rare multi-purpose sheep that originated in Belgium during the late middle ages. They are sometimes confused with the Belgium Milk Sheep.

After the Second World War all native milk sheep were amalgamated to the Belgian milk sheep and the Flemish sheep almost entirely disappeared. In the Netherlands, the Flemish sheep was used in the development of the Swifter. They are a large breed, milky and fertile. They can ea ...

Voskop - Breeds of SheepVoskop

Voskop (or Fox Head) sheep are related to Ardense sheep which were brought to the better Flemish meadows for fattening. They are average size. Rams weigh between 70 and 80 kg (154-176 lbs.); ewes between 55 and 70 kg (121-154 lbs.).  

Ewes wean on average 1.7 lambs. Their wool is pale brown without spotting. They are a hardy sheep, able to withstand both dryness and dampness and cold. They produce meat of excellent quality ...

Wallis Country - Breeds of SheepWallis Country

Wallis Country Sheep (Roux du Valais) are from Upper Wallis, where they were once as widespread as the Valais Blacknosed Sheep. It is believed that they are related to the now extinct Copper Sheep, Pilot Sheep, Roux de Bagnes.

They are reddish-brown color (roux) and are horned. They have course wool and are used for a lean meat production. They are noted for their extreme trust in humans and a particularly strong herd instinct. T ...

Waziri - Breeds of SheepWaziri

Waziri sheep are from the Waziristan region of Pakistan. They are also found in the Bannu District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.  

They are medium-sized, and have a white, muscular body and a black head with small ears. They have a large tail. They are considered to be a microsheep, as females weigh less than 25kg at maturity.

Welsh Halfbred - Breeds of SheepWelsh Halfbred

Photo Source: National Sheep Association.
Welsh Halfbred, also known as Welsh Mules, are the progeny of registered Bluefaced Leicester rams crossed with ewes of one of three hardy hill breeds from Mid and North Wales -- the Welsh Mountain, Welsh Hill Speckled Face and Bealah -- all having the reputation for being healthy, hardy, good foragers with exceptional mothering qualities.

The Welsh Halfbred was developed in the 1970's to satisfy the demand from prime lamb producers fo ...

Welsh Hill Speckled Face - Breeds of SheepWelsh Hill Speckled Face

Welsh Hill Speckled Face Sheep are a very attractive breed with black markings on nose, eyes, ears, knees and feet on an otherwise white body. Ewes are polled, but both horned and polled rams are acceptable. Average mature ewe weighs 50-55kg, rams 60-70kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

Welsh Mountain - Breeds of SheepWelsh Mountain

Welsh Mountain ewes have a white or tan face, they have a strong close textured fleece and a typical ewe clip weighs up to 2kg. The ram is usually, but not always, horned. Average mature ewe weighs 35-40kg on the hill or mountain but can add a further 10kg when drafted onto lowland.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

Wensleydale - Breeds of SheepWensleydale

Wensleydale are very large longwool sheep. They have a bold and alert carriage which is accentuated by their broad, level backs on wide quarters and strong thighs. They have a distinctive deep blue head and ears, which should be clean except for a well-developed forelock of wool, usually referred to as the 'topping'. Both genders are polled. Average mature ewe weighs 113kg, rams 136kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Asso ...

West African - Breeds of SheepWest African

West African Dwarfs (also known as Djallonkes) are the dominant sheep breed from southwest to central Africa. They are found from Senegal to Chad, Gabon, Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo. They are well adapted to life in humid forested area, sub-humid areas and savannahs. They are primarily raised for meat.

West African Dwarfs are generally white or piebald, their front half is black and their back half is white. However, sk ...

West African Dwarf - Breeds of SheepWest African Dwarf

West African Dwarfs (also known as Djallonkes) are therndominant sheep breed from southwest to central Africa. They are found from Senegal to Chad, Gabon, Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo. They are well adapted to life in humid forested area, sub-humid areas and savannahs. They are primarily raised for meat.

West African Dwarfs are generally white or piebald (their front half is black ...

White Headed Marsh - Breeds of SheepWhite Headed Marsh

White Headed Marsh Sheep originated in the north sea marshes of West Germany. Its beginnings can be traced back to the mid-1800s when North German Marsh sheep, the local milk sheep, were crossed with imported British longwool breeds, including the Cotswold.

In Denmark and North Germany the White Headed Marsh live outside in very wet and cold conditions. They are known for their hardiness, natural immunity, easy-care and excellent ...

White Horned Heath - Breeds of SheepWhite Horned Heath

White Horned Heath sheep originated from the Grey Horned Heath Sheep and was first developed as a separate breed at the beginning of the 20th century. The original herds consisted of both horned and polled animals. A few years later they were divided into two breeds, the polled called White Polled Heath or Moorschnucke.  

Since 1949, the White Horned Heath has been recognized as a new race. They are a small landrace breed ...

White Mountain - Breeds of SheepWhite Mountain

Welsh Mountain ewes have a white or tan face, they have a strong close textured fleece and a typical ewe clip weighs up to 2kg. The ram is usually, but not always, horned. Average mature ewe weighs 35-40kg on the hill or mountain but can add a further 10kg when drafted onto lowland.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep Association.

White Polled Heath - Breeds of SheepWhite Polled Heath

White Polled Heath are hardy and frugal sheep from the northernrnGerman counties of Diepholz, Nienburg, and Rotenburg. They are white,rndual-coated, graceful landrace with a small frame. They have a slender head withrnsmall ears that stick out to the side. Both sexes are hornless and havernlight-colored, hard hoofs. They mature slowly.

rnrnTheir numbers have dwindled. Their decline started when ranchersrnno longer paid shepherds to take th ...

White Suffolk - Breeds of SheepWhite Suffolk

Beginning in 1977, Dr. Ewan Roberts of the University of New South Wales in Australia started a breeding program to develop a terminal sire breed of sheep. His goals were to have a breed with the confirmation, structure, and growth of the Suffolk, but with a white head and legs. The initial cross was between Suffolk and Polled Dorset and separately Suffolk crossed with Border Leicester. The F2 and subsequent generations were selected agains ...

Whiteface Dartmoor - Breeds of SheepWhiteface Dartmoor

Whiteface dartmoor Sheep have a white head and face, the face of the ewe being free of wool, the ears are short and thick with occasional black spots on them. They were always horned but this feature has tended to disappear over the years, particularly amongst the ewes. The body is deep, broad and of medium length. The wool is white, of good staple and with a fairly strong crimp. Average mature ewe weighs 54kg, rams 74kg.

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Whitefaced Woodland - Breeds of SheepWhitefaced Woodland

Whiteface Woodland Sheep are a large-framed hill breed has a broad face which should be white with a pink nose. The legs are white and free from wool. The fleece is white and of a very fine quality. They are horned in both sexes, the males having heavy spiraling horns. The sheep are strong boned and long in the body. Their tails have a distinct muscular appearance. Average mature ewe weighs 63kg, rams 130kg.

Content: National ...

Wiltipoll - Breeds of SheepWiltipoll

Wiltshire Polled, also known as Wiltipoll, Sheep are polled sheep that were developed in Australia. Development was started with Wiltshire Horned ewes and expanded with Border Leicester, Perendale, Poll Dorset, and Poll Merino genetics.

Wiltshire Polled Sheep are large (they weigh up to 125 kg -276 lb), are very hardy, and can survive on rough, scrubby feed. They are primarily raised for meat.

Wiltshire Polled Sheep sh ...

Wiltshire Horn - Breeds of SheepWiltshire Horn

Wiltshire Horn Sheep have no wool. They are an old established lowland breed that is large and white faced. Both sexes are horned and wool-less. Average mature ewe weighs 72kg, rams 126kg.

Content and Photo Source: National Sheep association.

Woodstock - Breeds of SheepWoodstock

One of New Zealands lesser known flocks of feral sheep has been found on Woodstock Station, lying on the middle reaches of the Waimakariri River valley west of Oxford in Canterbury. The Station is immediately adjacent to the Oxford State Forest, New Zealand.

During initial surveys of feral sheep in the 1970s they were considered to be of little significance and were among those tagged for eradication by the Department of Conservat ...

Wrzosowka - Breeds of SheepWrzosowka

Wrzosowka sheep belong to the Northern type of short-tailed sheep which have been kept for centuries in different regions of Europe, including Northeastern parts of Poland. They are unique among Polish sheep breeds, since they are extremely adaptable to difficult conditions, disease-resistant, and prolific. They are able to reproduce all year round.  

They are rather thin and small, proportionally built. Their fleece is us ...

Xinjiang Finewool - Breeds of SheepXinjiang Finewool

Xinjiang Finewool sheep were among the first of the Chinese breeds and they played a part in the establishment of other breeds. The original crosses were between Russian Merino rams, probably of the Caucasian, Precoce, and Stravrapol types, with local breeds of ewe. The most important of these breeds was the Kazakh, but some Mongolian ewes were also used.  

There followed a program of backcrossing to the Merino parent, wit ...

Zerasca - Breeds of SheepZerasca

Zerasca are medium-sized white sheep from Zeri (Lunigiana, Tuscany), Italy.

Among the local Tuscan ovine breeds that survived the extinction process linked to the changes in farming systems and market demands, the Zerasca breed is very appreciated from farmer for its rusticity and for the capacity to produce heavy lamb, reared with its mother at pasture until the slaughtering age of 60 days that furnish meat very appreciated by ...

Zulu - Breeds of SheepZulu

Zulu sheep are native to South Africa and are predominantly raised by rural farmers in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. They are raised primarily for meat. They belong to the Nguni type of sheep.

Zulu sheep are small, multicolored sheep that are well suited to the harsh conditions and very tolerate to diseases. In addition they can walk long distances and have good foraging ability.

Nevertheless, their existence is threat ...

Zwartbles - Breeds of SheepZwartbles

Zwartbles sheep are from the Friesland region of the north Netherlands. They are primarily used for the production of sheep milk as well as lamb and mutton. They are known for being docile and friendly, and they are also prolific milkers and are excellent mothers.

Zwartble sheep have a distinct appearance; they have a black/brown fleece, a white blaze on the face, 2 - 4 white socks, and a white tail tip (which is traditionally le ...