Pajuna is a rare Spanish cattle breed, originating in Granada (Andalusia), which resembles the extinct aurochs, the wild ancestor of domestic cattle, in certain features.
Although the Pajuna has been constantly crossed with breeds such as the Retinta or the Murciana after 1950 and several lineages have lost their primitive characteristics (such as the wild type color, long legs and athletic body shape) some lineages still bear considerable resemblance to the aurochs. Pajuna bulls weigh 600 kilograms (1,300 lb) on average and can reach a height of 165 centimeters (65 in) at the shoulder. The horns, especially of the bulls, face forwards and are light in color with a dark tip. Bulls are dark brown to black with a light eel stripe; ...
The Palmera is an endangered breed of cattle from the island of San Miguel de La Palma, in the Spanish autonomous community of the Canary Islands. The cattle are not indigenous to the island, but were brought by European settlers in the fifteenth century. The Palmera derives from the Rubia Gallega breed of Galicia. It is distributed mostly in the municipalities of Breña Alta, Breña Baja, El Paso, Garafía, Los Llanos de Aridane and Villa de Mazo, with small numbers in the municipalities of Puntagorda, Santa Cruz de La Palma and Tijarafe; a few may be found on the islands of Fuerteventura and Tenerife.
The Palmera was brought to La Palma by European settlers in the fifteenth century. It is thought to derive from the Rubia Gallega b ...
The Pantaneiro is a small cattle breed that is native to the Pantanal region of Brazil, where it has been raised for over three hundred years. The breed was originally descended from Spanish cattle brought to the Americas during the colonization of the Río de la Plata basin and was later influenced by breeds of Portuguese origin. The Pantaneiro is well adapted to the extreme climatic conditions of the Pantanal region, which is characterized by high temperatures and periods of flooding, high humidity, and drought. It is considered to be rustic, hardy, and capable of surviving periods of food scarcity. The breed is now at risk of extinction, with a population of less than 1000 reported in 2003. The coat of the Pantaneiro is short, brown or re ...
Nestled amidst the Alpine regions of Europe, the Parda Alpina breed of cattle reigns supreme, embodying the rugged essence of the mountains they call home. With a heritage steeped in resilience, these majestic creatures have evolved to thrive amidst the unforgiving climates and treacherous terrain of the high peaks.
Clad in thick fur coats, shielding them against the biting cold and swirling snow, Parda Alpina cattle exude an aura of endurance. Their large, sturdy bodies, honed by nature''s hand, enable them to traverse steep inclines and rocky landscapes with a grace born of centuries of adaptation.
Yet, beneath their rugged exterior lies a gentle soul – Parda Alpina cattle are revered not only for their docile and ...
The Parthenaise is a French cattle breed named for the town of Parthenay in the Deux-Sèvres department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of western France. It used to be raised for milk, meat, and draught work, but now it''s primarily raised for beef. The Parthenaise is part of a group of wheaten-colored cattle in western France and is related to the Maraîchine, Nantaise, and the extinct Marchoise and Berrichonne. The cattle were used for agricultural work in Haut-Poitou, Saintonge, Touraine, and the Vendée.
The breed was named by Eugene Gayot in 1860, who identified Parthenay as the main center of production. A herd-book was established in 1893 or 1894 and since then, the population has declined due to the mechanization of agric ...
The Pasiega is a traditional Spanish breed of red dairy cattle from the autonomous community of Cantabria in northern Spain. It originated in the Valles Pasiegos in south-eastern Cantabria. The name derives from that of the Pas River, which flows through that region. Because of the color of its coat it may also be known as the Roja Pasiega or Rojina.
The Pasiega was believed to be extinct until the late twentieth century, when a surviving group was identified. The breed was officially recognised in 2007. It is one of only two autochthonous Spanish breeds of dairy cattle, the other being the Menorquina of Menorca in the Balearic Islands.
The Pasiega is a traditional dairy breed of Cantabria, and particularly of the area ...
Pasturina cattle were developed in Tuscany (Italy) by crossbreeding and successive crosses between Maremmana and Chianina breeds.
It was extinguished because those breeding areas had been abandoned. Recently the above mentioned crossbreeding has been restored and there are some heads that in any case are not to be considered as a breed but simply a crossbreed between Maremmana and Chianina.
The heads have lyre shaped horns, white coat shading to grey, quite short strong limbs, dark skin. They are mainly apt to labor.
Content and photo source: agrarian.org
Pembroke cattle are hardy, black cattle with short legs that are used for both dairy and beef production. They are native to Wales and recognized and registered by a society formed in 1867 to improve the breed. Some Pembroke cattle may have white faces and udder markings due to cross-breeding. They are known for their good milk production and were also used for droving and as store cattle. The breed originated in counties like Pembrokeshire, Carmarthenshire, and South Cardiganshire, with distinct strains in the Castlemartin and Dewsland areas. Today, Pembroke cattle are part of the Welsh Black breed, which was created by registering Pembroke cattle with black cattle from North Wales in 1904. By the end of the 19th century, 25,000 black catt ...
Pezzata Rossa d'Oropa
It i salso called “Pezzata Rossa d’Oropa”. This breed comes from the Biella area (Elvo Valley). It is called ‘razzetta’to underline the fact that it comes from a small area. Similarly to Simmenthal, it is said to come from Northern European pied cattle dating back to the fifth century Burgundi or Borgognoni. It is considered to be a Valdostana cross breed.
Since 1985 the Registry Office of autochthonous cattle breeds and ethnic groups of limited diffusion has been founded, in order to protect those Italian cattle breeds at risk of extinction and to safeguard this genetic heritage. Among them there are the following breeds: Agerolese, Bianca Val Padana (Modenese), Burlina, Cabannina, Calvana, Cinisara, Garfagnina, Modica ...
Philippine cattle are indigenous to the Philippines and play a vital role in the country''s agricultural industry. They are small in size, with bulls weighing around 400 kg and cows around 300 kg. The breed is known for its color, which ranges from gray to brown to fawn and may have white spotting. Philippine cattle have a unique appearance, with females being humpless and males having a low hump. They are used for various purposes, including draught work, milk production, and beef production. However, carabao are usually preferred for draught work. Four distinct breed types have been identified, including Ilocos in northwestern Luzon, Batangas in southwestern Luzon, Iloilo on Panay island, and Batanes Black on the Batanes Islands.
Pie Rouge des Plaines
The Pie Rouge des Plaines is a French breed of dairy cattle created in around 1970 by cross-breeding the Armorican cattle of Brittany with red-pied cattle of the Dutch Meuse-Rhine-Yssel and German Deutsche Rotbunte breeds. This was done to create a new breed with both good dairy and meat-producing qualities. The breeders'' association, Eleveurs de la Race Française Pie Rouge des Plaines, was established and a herd-book was opened in 1970 or 1971. In 1982, an attempt was made to increase size and udder quality by introducing Red Holstein blood, but the stock was less successful for beef production. The breed is primarily found in Brittany and to a lesser extent in Normandy and the Massif Central. The estimated population is about 60,000, wit ...
Piemontese cattle have a very antique origin. From archaeological findings, rock inscriptions and fossil remnants the antique history of the breed has been traced back. These findings indicate as its ancestor a cattle breed of the Aurochs type, which already in the Pleistocene - and therefore before in other regions of the Euro-Asiatic continent domestication started - populated the whole Piedmontese area, where on one side the mountains and on the other vast lake and marshy zones represented a kind of natural barrier.
In the period between the medium and superior Palaeolithic, about 25 000-30 000 years ago, another ethnic group penetrated massively into the Piemontese territory and mixed with the pre-existent one, formi ...
Pineywoods cattle are a rare breed of cattle introduced to the southeastern United States in the early 16th century by Spanish explorers. They are known for their ability to survive and thrive in harsh conditions, such as the hot and humid climate of the region, as well as its rugged terrain.
Pineywoods Cattle are small to medium-sized animals, with a sturdy build and strong legs that allow them to navigate the hilly and swampy areas where they live. They have a unique coat coloration, which is often referred to as "swamp deer spotted." This coloration helps the cattle blend into their surroundings and avoid predators.
Content and photo source: Wikipedia.org
Pinzgauer cattle were developed in the Pinzgau district in the province of Salzburg, Austria, and appeared for the first time in documents in the 1600''s.
Horned or Polled, Pinzgauer have pigmented skin under a chestnut red coat and white markings on the back, tail and barrel. They adapt readily and easily to a variety of climates. Eye problems are rare. Smooth hair and firm, flexible skin discourages tick and other insect infestations. Bulls average 2000 pounds and up, while mature females level out at approximately 1,000 to 1,300 pounds with a moderate frame.
Pinzgauer progeny have above average weaning weights, gain ability and feed conversion, but they maintain the easy calving ability that cattl ...
Pirenaica (Basque: Behi-gorri) cattle are beef cattle indigenous to the Pyrenees of north-eastern Spain. They are found mainly in the autonomous communities of Navarre and the Basque Country, but are also present in much of the northern part of the country. They are well adapted to the mountainous terrain and humid climate of the area. They came close to extinction in the twentieth century, but they are now no longer at risk.
The origins of the Pirenaica are uncertain. In the past it was the predominant cattle breed of northern Spain. A herd book was opened in Gipuzkoa in 1905, the first of its kind in Spain? in 1925 a herd book was opened in Navarre also. However, from about the turn of the twentieth century, large-scale importa ...
It belongs to the group of Podoliche. As a bio-type it is different from the Modicana, characterized by a higher production due to more favourable breeding conditions. It is mainly spread in the Palermo province around Cinisi area. At serious risk of extinction.
Since 1985 the Registry Office of autochthonous cattle breeds and ethnic groups of limited diffusion has been founded, in order to protect those Italian cattle breeds at risk of extinction and to safeguard this genetic heritage. Among them there are the following breeds: Agerolese, Bianca Val Padana (Modenese), Burlina, Cabannina, Calvana, Cinisara, Garfagnina, Modicana, Mucca Pisana, Pezzata Rossa d’Oropa, Pinzgau, Pontremolese, Pustertaler, Reggiana, Sarda, Sardo-Modi
The Podolica breed is a descendent of the bos Primigenius Podolicus, very large-sized long-horned cattle thought to have been domesticated in the Middle East during the fourth century BC. There are two theories about the origin of Podolica cattle. According to one, the Podolica derived from cattle that came to Italy in 452 BC following the Huns who, along their way from Mongolia, passed through the Ukrainian steppe, which can be considered the true birthplace of the Podolica breed. Instead, another theory states that as far back as the first century BC, there existed long-horned cattle from Crete, an area that, even in the Minoan age, had macroceros cattle which can be identified as bos primigenius. The Podolica breed has spread t ...
Polish Black-and-White cattle is a breed of dairy cattle from Poland. It is one of the most numerous dairy breeds in the country and is highly valued for its milk production. Polish Black-and-White cattle are medium to large sized with a distinctive black and white color pattern. They have a strong and muscular build, with well-defined muscles and a deep chest. The breed is known for its high milk yield, good fat and protein content, and longevity. The cows are hardy and can adapt well to different environmental conditions, making them well suited for dairy farming in different regions. Polish Black-and-White cattle are also known for their good temperament, making them easy to handle and care for.
Polish Red are a dual-purpose cattle breed established in the late 19th century through cross-breeding red cattle from Denmark, Germany, and Sweden with local red Polish cattle strains. Their cows weigh an average of 500 kg and stand 128 cm at the withers, while bulls weigh 770 kg and stand 139 cm. They produce about 4000 kg of milk per year with a fat content of 4-4.5%.
Content and photo source: Wikipedia.org
Polled Herefords were developed from the horned Hereford breed which was founded in the mid-18th century by the farmers of Hereford County, England. Among the horned Herefords an occasional calf would be born which did not develop horns. These cattle soon came to be called "polled," which means naturally hornless.
Polled Hereford are medium framed cattle with distinctive red body color with the head and front of the neck, the brisket, underside, and switch in white. They have well developed fore-quarters, a deep brisket, broad head and stocky legs. Polled Herefords are generally docile and fast growing cattle with good beef quality. Today the Polled Hereford registry is combined with the American Hereford Associatio ...
The Ponwar cattle breed is a unique and indigenous breed that is native to India. It is believed to have originated in the Ponwar area of Puranpur Taluk in Pilibhit district of Uttar Pradesh, hence its name. This breed is typically found only in the small surrounding area of Ponwar, making it a geographically restricted breed.
One of the notable features of Ponwar cattle is their energetic and feisty personality. They have a distinctive black and white dual-colored complexion, which makes them easily recognizable. This breed is primarily used for draught purposes and is well-suited for cart pulling due to its strength and stamina.
Overall, Ponwar cattle are a hardworking and versatile breed that have been a valuable as ...
Portugal''s southern plains boast a captivating sight: the Preta cattle breed. Their uniformly black coat and upright profile embody both beauty and a rich history deeply entwined with local farming traditions.
Evolving for centuries in the challenging Montado ecosystem, the Preta developed remarkable resilience and resourcefulness. This agro-silvopastoral system, characterized by cork and holm oak trees, provided both shade and sustenance, shaping the breed''s adaptability to harsh conditions.
But the Preta''s value extends far beyond aesthetics. This dual-purpose breed is prized for its exceptional meat and milk. "Carne da Charneca," their meat, boasts unique flavor thanks to natural grazing in the Montado ecosystem. ...
The Punganur Dwarf Cattle, which is considered to be one of the world''s smallest humped cattle breeds, originated from the Chitoor District of Andhra Pradesh in Southern India. This breed is known for its high-fat milk, which has a fat content of around 8%, compared to the average 3-3.5% in other cattle breeds.
The Punganur cattle are white or light gray in color, with a broad forehead and short horns. They have an average height of 70-90 cm and weight of 115-200 kg, and are known to have a daily milk yield of 3 to 5 liters, with a daily feed intake of 5 kg. These cattle are also highly drought-resistant, and can survive on dry fodder.
The breed is characterized by a downward-sloping back, a tail that touches the grou ...
Pustertaler (or Pustertal pied) Cattle originate from the side-valleys of the Pustertal in Southern Tyrol. For a long time, they were credited to be the best cattle breed of the imperial and royal monarchy. Continuous sale of the breed to Viennese dairies finally lead to the decline of the breed.
Since 1985 the Registry Office of autochthonous cattle breeds and ethnic groups of limited diffusion has been founded, in order to protect those Italian cattle breeds at risk of extinction and to safeguard this genetic heritage. Among them there are the following breeds: Agerolese, Bianca Val Padana (Modenese), Burlina, Cabannina, Calvana, Cinisara, Garfagnina, Modicana, Mucca Pisana, Pezzata Rossa d’Oropa, Pinzgau, Pontremole ...