Landschaf sheep are a distinctive breed resulting from a cross between German and Dutch heath sheep with a marsh sheep lineage. Originating in the northern German Emsland area, particularly in the county of Bentheim, Landschaf sheep have been bred since 1934 with a primary focus on landscape preservation efforts.
This breed is considered highly endangered, emphasizing the importance of conservation efforts to protect its genetic diversity and cultural heritage. Landschaf sheep play a crucial role in maintaining and managing various landscapes, particularly heath and moor environments.
One of the notable characteristics of Landschaf sheep is their robust physique, making them the largest among German heath and moor sheep breeds. They feature long legs and hard hoofs, enabling them to navigate and thrive in challenging terrains characteristic of their natural habitat.
In appearance, Landschaf sheep have a slender, elongated head with a distinctive Roman nose and small ears. Unlike some other breeds, they do not possess horns. Their woolly tails are long and add to their overall distinctive appearance.
Landschaf sheep are predominantly white, although some individuals may exhibit dark pigmentation around the eyes, on the ears, and on their legs. The fleece of Landschaf sheep weighs approximately 3-4 kg (6.6-8.8 lbs) and has a fiber diameter ranging from 34 to 40 microns. This wool quality contributes to their adaptability and resilience in various environmental conditions.