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The Egyptian buffalo, with its distinctive dark grey hide and lyre or sword-shaped horns, has a long history of being an essential part of the economy and daily life in Egypt. It is believed to have originated from neighboring countries such as India, Iran, and Iraq, dating back to the 7th century.
Throughout the centuries, the Egyptian buffalo has provided valuable resources in the form of meat, milk, and leather. There is no differentiation between the buffalo based on where they are found, as they are all considered one species.
The buffalo is characterized by its long head, hanging ears, and a long, wide body with a downward-tilting rump, allowing for a low-set tail. The Egyptian buffalo produces milk for around 280 days a year and yields approximately 1,200 kilograms. These buffalo can often be found in areas around the Nile Delta or in mixed rural and urban landscapes.