The standard was
done by Cav. Maggi, big breeder of the Valdarno, in 1905. The same year it was
made official by the Italian Poultry Society, presided by Marchese Trevisan,
during the National Congress in Mantova. Anyway the polemic went on among
judges, breeders and experts even after 1905. The publishing house Battiato, in
1914, published the book “Poultry scattered pages”, in honour of Teodoro
Pascal. A chapter of the book is titled “Minestrone alla Valdarno”, where
articles and letters about the discussion are collected. While the polemic went
on, the breed died out few years later.
Since few years,
an enthusiast breeder, Fabrizio Focardi, is doing a big effort to recover the
After long researches, he decided to start from chickens with characteristics
similar to the Valdarno. Starting from the crossbreeding among Bresse chickens,
Castigliana chickens and autochthonous chickens found in a farm owned by
Gabriele Fantocchi in Siena county, Focardi was able to show the Valdarno in
occasion of Italian Championship of Reggio Emilia, in 1998. Those animals have
been judged as VERY GOOD (three hens) and GOOD (the rooster).
Official Standard has been done fallowing the one accepted in 1905 by F.I.A.V..
Nowadays, they are discussing about the opportunity to modify that standard
according to paintings and pictures of the time.
The breed is
Tuscan. Contrary to what they think in Tuscany, the Valdarno is black, with
slate-grey shanks and white skin; the confusion comes from the Valdarnese,
which is white with white shanks and skin. The Valdarnese is an hybrid, born in
1950’s, appreciate by Prof. Quilici, but it never obtained an official standard
so that it was never really selected.
The Valdarno is
better than the Valdarnese both for the quality of meat and for the production
of eggs. The Valdarno is just as good as the French Bresse, which is very
similar. The Bresse has been made valuable obtaining the DOP (Protected
Designation of Origin). According to some authors, when the Bresse disappeared
in French countryside, the exportation of the Valdarno increased a lot, helping
the surviving of the breed.
The Valdarno is a
very rustic and strong chicken, excellent for outdoor breeding. Very precocious
both in feathering and in growth. The hens produce eggs (white shell) since 5th
At the beginning of XX century it was the most common chicken in Tuscany,
particularly famous for the high quality of the meat. This breed can’t live in
cold regions, where the comb can frequently frostbite.
During 2002-2005 started a project for the rescue of two traditional Tuscan
breeds, the Valdarno and the Black Livornese. This project, called “Gallo
Nero”; (link: Progetto “Gallo Nero”), was done in the Agricultural High School
of Florence, with the contribution of the Traditional Classic Chianti
Association. The scientific supervisor of the work was Prof. Mario Giannone,
teacher of zootechnics at the Agricultural High School. Also Fabrizio Focardi
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