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The Indian sambar deer (Rusa unicolor) is a species of deer found in South and Southeast Asia, including India, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia. It is a large species of deer, with a shaggy coat that can range from reddish-brown to grayish-brown. The males have large, spiraled antlers.
Indian sambar deer are known for their adaptability and can be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and wetlands. They are herbivores and feed on a variety of vegetation, including leaves, shoots, and grasses.
These deer are social animals and are known to form large herds. They are also known for their vocalizations, including barks, grunts, and whistles, which they use to communicate with other members of their species.
Indian sambar deer are widely distributed and are considered to be a game species, with populations managed for hunting in many countries. They are also kept in parks and estates as ornamental animals. Conservation efforts are underway in some areas to protect their habitats and preserve their populations, including measures to control hunting, promote sustainable forestry practices, and support research and monitoring programs.