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Red deer is a species of deer that is native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. It is a large deer, with males (stags) weighing up to 200 kilograms and females (hinds) weighing up to 140 kilograms. Red deer have a distinctive reddish-brown coat, a mane of hair around the neck, and large antlers that are shed and regrown each year.
Red deer are found in a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and mountain ranges. They are social animals, living in herds and exhibiting complex behaviors such as dominance hierarchies and seasonal mating rituals. Red deer are herbivores, feeding primarily on grasses and other vegetation.
Red deer populations have been greatly impacted by hunting and habitat loss, leading to declines in some areas. However, due to their adaptability and wide geographic range, red deer are considered a species of least concern by the IUCN. Conservation efforts have been implemented in some areas to protect red deer populations and their habitats, including the creation of protected areas and hunting restrictions.