Zalawadi goats, native to the Surendranagar and Rajkot regions of Gujarat, India, are prized for their versatility and multi-purpose utility in local agriculture. Belonging to the Gujarati type, these goats are highly valued for their contributions to milk, meat, and fiber production, making them indispensable assets for farmers in the region.
One of the distinguishing features of Zalawadi goats is their erect corkscrew-shaped horns, which are characteristic of the breed and contribute to their unique appearance. This horn structure is well-adapted to the local environment and serves various purposes, including defense and territorial displays among males.
In the agricultural landscape of Surendranagar, Zalawadi goats play a significant role, comprising approximately 27.8% of the goat population in the region. Their high representation underscores their importance to local farmers and communities, who rely on them for various agricultural activities and livelihoods.
In addition to their role in milk and meat production, Zalawadi goats also contribute to fiber production, providing valuable resources for textiles and other traditional crafts. Their fleece is prized for its quality and is utilized in the production of wool and other fiber-based products, adding to the breed's economic significance.
Known locally as Tara Bakari, Zalawadi goats are not only esteemed for their productivity but also for their resilience and adaptability to the local climate and terrain. Their ability to thrive in the semi-arid conditions of Gujarat makes them well-suited for the region's agricultural practices and contributes to their widespread popularity among local farmers.