The Common Wood Pigeon, also referred to as the Wood Pigeon or Woodpigeon, is a species belonging to the Columba genus and the dove and pigeon family (Columbidae). This large bird is native to the western Palearctic region and is closely related to other species such as the Rock Dove (Columba livia). Throughout history, it has been known by various names, including the Ring Dove and the "Culver," a name that has given rise to the naming of several areas known for pigeon-keeping.
Despite its flexible diet that primarily consists of vegetable matter, including cereal crops, the Wood Pigeon is considered an agricultural pest. Despite being extensively hunted in many parts of its range, the population of this species appears to be unaffected.
The Common Wood Pigeon was first formally described by Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus in 1758 in his Systema Naturae. He placed it within the Columba genus and gave it the binomial name of Columba palumbus, with the specific epithet "palumbus" deriving from the Latin word for wood pigeon.