The Bazna is a pig
originally from the Transylvania region of Romania, and they are in
fact not vampires.
The Bazna pigs are black with a
white belt, medium withers height and body structure, and typically weighing
125 to 135 kilograms by their first year. They are mainly bred for their lard
and lean meat.
The Bazna dates back to 1872, when they were created from crossing the
Berkshire and Mangalitsa pig breeds. The offspring from that cross inherited
the best traits from the Mangalitsa with their superior productive traits. The resulting hybrids were quickly spread around the
neighboring towns in Transylvania.
Over the next
decade, Berk boars were imported from England and were used to improve the
Bazna breed. From time to time Yorkshire and Sattelschwein breeds were also used to improve the
Bazna breed. For the following 30 years the Bazna pigs continued to be improved
by using the Wessex and Hampshire breeds to
produce the most superior qualities from all of the crossbreeds.
The Bazna breed was
officially recognized in1958. Since then several select populations have been
established. The Bazna pigs are strong and share bloodlines from some of the
best breeds of pigs.