pigs are domestic pigs from Murcia, Spain. The Spanish word chato means short-nosed which is how these short-nosed pigs from Murcia got their name.
They are the only surviving breed of pig locally and historically produced in
Murcia and they are at the risk of extinction.
pigs are generally bred for bacon and lean pork and they are well adapted to
southern Spains dry and warm climate.
Along with its
short nose, the Chato Murciano pigs are generally black or white color and have
small heads. Some tend to have white patches on parts of their body such as the
tail and legs.
In Murcia, the
Spanish were in need of an improved breed of pig as the current Murcian type
was not meeting their standards. To solve this problem, they cross-bred the
Murciano with the Victoria, Tamworth, the Large White and the Berkshire. There
were about fifty thousand Chato Muciano pigs in 1865 and more than 100,000 in
1929. Unfortunately by the 1980s, Chato Murciano pigs were on the verge of
extinction. But due to programs instigated by agriculturists and governments,
the pig is gradually becoming more sustainable.