Mangalica Pigs (sometimes spelled Mangalitsa (USA) or
Mangalitza (UK)) is a Hungarian breed of pig that was developed in the 19th
century by cross-breeding the traditional Hungarian Bakonyi and Szalontai
breeds with imported Sumadia pigs from Serbia.
Mangalitsa pigs have a thick hairy coat similar to that
of a sheep. The only other pig breed noted for having a long coat is the
extinct Lincolnshire Curly Coat of England.
The Mangalitsa is a lardpig,
with a high fat content in the meat; they are large and round. Because of the
drop in demand for lard, the popularity of the breed has declined and they are
now regarded as a rare breed.