North Caucasian Pigs are a
general purpose pig breed from Russia and Uzbekistan.
At that time in the North
Caucasus, the local Kuban pigs were bred mainly with strong constitution and
adaptability to local conditions and pasture content, satisfactory multiparty
and good maternal qualities. However they were slow to mature. Therefore, it
was decided to keep everything valuable from local Kuban pigs, but with early
maturity and improve meat qualities. And also more adaptability to cold climate
and the ability to use the maximum amount of juicy and coarse fodder.
North Caucasian pigs were
created through complex reproductive crosses of local Kuban pigs with Large
White, Berkshire, and White Short-breed breeds. In 1955 the North Caucasian
breed of pigs was approved as an independent breed of swine for meat and fat production.
North Caucasian pigs are
distinguished by a strong constitution and harmonious body structure. Their
head is wide and slightly shortened with a slight characteristic curve of the
profile. Their ears stand up, but sometimes they are semi-standing. Their chest
is deep and wide, without interruption behind the shoulder blades. Their Back
and waist are strong, broad, and straight. Their hams are well executed, deep, rounded, and
descending to the hock. They have strong feet with a solid hoof. Their body is
covered with thick black and white soft, sometimes with a rusty hue. In the
winter they grow a soft undercoat.
Adult boars on average weigh 300
to 350 kg and are around 179 cm long. Sows weight around 240 kg, and are 161 cm
Sows have liters of 10 to11
pigs. Their milk yield is 50 kg or more. Weaners have good survival. Female are
distinguished by a calm, friendly disposition. They have well developed
maternal qualities, so the process of growing piglets does not create special