|Source: FAO domestic animal diversity information system (DAD-IS)|
Liang Guang pigs, also known as Liangguang pigs, are an indigenous breed of domestic swine originating from the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Guangdong Province in China. They are characterized by their distinctive black coloration, compact build, and hardy temperament.
Liang Guang pigs are considered medium-sized hogs, typically weighing between 180 and 250 kilograms (397 and 551 pounds) at maturity. Boars tend to be slightly larger than sows.
They have a compact and muscular build, with a slightly arched back and a deep chest. Their heads are medium in size, featuring erect ears and a slightly dished snout.
Their coats exhibit a solid black coloration, ranging from deep black to slightly grayish-black. This distinctive black coat is often considered a hallmark of the breed.
Liang Guang pigs are known for their hardy and adaptable nature. They are intelligent and curious animals, well-suited to various environments and foraging for their food. Additionally, they are relatively low-maintenance animals, requiring basic care that includes a clean shelter, access to fresh water and feed, and regular hoof trimming.
Liang Guang pigs are primarily raised for their high-quality meat, renowned for its excellent flavor, marbling, and suitability for various culinary preparations. Due to their traditional rearing methods, their meat is often described as having a nutty or gamey flavor, reflecting their natural diet of acorns, grasses, and other foraged foods.
Liang Guang pigs represent an important part of the agricultural heritage of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Guangdong Province and are valued for their hardiness, adaptability to traditional farming practices, and production of flavorful meat. They contribute to maintaining biodiversity and preserving the cultural traditions of the regions.