|Source: FAO/National Commission of AnGR Luchuan Guangxi|
Luchuan pigs, also known as Ryukyuan pigs, are an indigenous breed of domestic swine originating from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. They are characterized by their distinctive reddish-brown coloration, compact build, and hardy temperament.
Luchuan pigs are considered medium-sized hogs, typically weighing between 150 and 200 kilograms (331 and 441 pounds) at maturity. Boars tend to be slightly larger than sows.
They have a compact and muscular build, with a slightly arched back and a deep chest. Their heads are medium in size, featuring erect ears and a slightly dished snout.
Their coats exhibit a distinctive reddish-brown coloration, ranging from light reddish-brown to dark reddish-brown. This unique coloration is often considered a hallmark of the breed.
Luchuan pigs are known for their hardy and adaptable nature. They are intelligent and curious animals, well-suited to various environments and foraging for their food. Additionally, they are relatively low-maintenance animals, requiring basic care that includes a clean shelter, access to fresh water and feed, and regular hoof trimming.
Luchuan pigs are primarily raised for their high-quality meat, renowned for its excellent flavor, marbling, and suitability for various culinary preparations. Due to their traditional rearing methods, their meat is often described as having a nutty or gamey flavor, reflecting their natural diet of acorns, grasses, and other foraged foods.
Luchuan pigs represent an important part of the agricultural heritage of the Ryukyu Islands and are valued for their hardiness, adaptability to local conditions, and production of flavorful meat. They play a significant role in the local economy and contribute to maintaining biodiversity and preserving the cultural traditions of the region.