|Source: FAO/National Commission of AnGR Suining Hunan|
Qianshao Spotted pigs, also known as Qiannan Spotted pigs, are an indigenous breed of domestic swine originating from the Qiannan Autonomous Region in China. They are characterized by their distinctive spotted coloration, compact build, and hardy temperament.
Qianshao Spotted pigs are considered medium-sized hogs, typically weighing between 180 and 230 kilograms (397 and 507 pounds) at maturity. Boars tend to be slightly larger than sows.
They have a compact and muscular build, with a slightly arched back and a deep chest. Their heads are medium in size, featuring erect ears and a slightly dished snout.
Their coats exhibit a distinctive spotted pattern, with black spots of varying sizes scattered across a white or cream-colored background. The distribution and density of spots can vary from pig to pig.
Qianshao Spotted pigs are known for their hardy and adaptable nature. They are intelligent and curious animals, well-suited to various environments and foraging for their food. Additionally, they are relatively low-maintenance animals, requiring basic care that includes a clean shelter, access to fresh water and feed, and regular hoof trimming.
Qianshao Spotted pigs are primarily raised for their high-quality meat, renowned for its excellent flavor, marbling, and suitability for various culinary preparations. Their meat is particularly prized for its tenderness and juiciness, making it a popular choice for both traditional Chinese dishes and international cuisine.
Qianshao Spotted pigs represent an important part of the agricultural heritage of Qiannan Autonomous Region and are valued for their hardiness, adaptability to local conditions, and production of flavorful meat. They play a significant role in the local economy and contribute to maintaining biodiversity and preserving the cultural traditions of the region.