Karakul Sheep are a fat-tailed (and fat-rumped) sheep
characteristic of the Middle East as well as southern Asia and North Africa
(although they were found as far south as the African Cape by the seventeenth
century). As the general name implies, they are distinguished by an
accumulation of fat in the tail and around the rump which evolved as a store of
food necessary for survival in a harsh, drought-prone environment.
Descriptions of such sheep can be found in the earliest
records of British exploration, but they have been known and bred for thousands
of years as is witnessed by Biblical reference to the type. The Book of
Leviticus records that a ram was bought for a burnt offering. After it was
slain, Moses "took the fat at the rump" which was then burnt at the
Besides the characteristic ‘fat-tail’ feature, they are relatively long-legged with a long hairy
coat, mainly black. Horns, Roman noses and pendulous ears add to their highly
distinctive appearance. They are well adapted to a hard, dry environment.
The Karakul is the original ‘Persian lamb’ which has been
known as a distinct breed for thousands of years. It is most famous as a
producer of high grade pelts for quality garments – the best being taken from
unborn lambs and those up to three days old. The hairy coat of older animals
was used in the production of Persian carpets.
Karakul meat is very lean and their abundant milk supply is
used for butter and cheese in some countries.
Content and Photo Source: New Zealand Rare Breeds