East Balkan Pigs, also known as East Balkan Swine (EBS), stand as a rare and treasured gem, representing the sole indigenous domesticated pig breed of Bulgaria. Their exclusive distribution spans the scenic western coast of the Black Sea, where they have carved out a niche as resilient custodians of Bulgaria's rich agricultural heritage.
In 2009, the population of East Balkan Pigs numbered 1,858, a testament to their enduring presence in the region. However, the subsequent years bore witness to a concerning decline, with the population plummeting by a staggering 62% by 2016. This alarming trend underscores the urgent need for conservation efforts to safeguard the genetic diversity and cultural significance embodied by these remarkable pigs.
Endowed with unique genetic traits honed through centuries of adaptation to the rugged coastal landscapes, East Balkan Pigs embody the resilience and tenacity synonymous with their Balkan homeland. Their role as the sole indigenous domesticated pig breed in Bulgaria amplifies their cultural and historical significance, making them invaluable ambassadors of Bulgaria's agricultural legacy.
As stewards of Bulgaria's natural heritage, conservationists and farmers alike recognize the imperative of preserving and revitalizing the East Balkan Pig population. Through concerted conservation initiatives and collaborative efforts, there remains hope for reversing the decline and ensuring a sustainable future for these iconic pigs, ensuring that their legacy endures for generations to come.