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About  Horses  Horses

Breeds of Horses
Horses have evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed animal into the large, single-toed animal of today. Humans began to domesticate horses around 4000 BC, and their domestication is believed to have been widespread by 3000 BC. Worldwide many products are many from horses, including meat, milk, hide, hair, bone, and pharmaceuticals extracted from the urine of pregnant mares; however, in the US they are predominately used for sport and recreation.

Breeds of Horses

There are the following breeds of Horses:
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ |

About Abaco Barb HorsesAbaco Barb

Abaco Barb Horses are from the Great Abaco Island in the Bahamas. They are believed to be descended from horses from more than a dozen shipwrecks during the Spanish colonization of the Americas and the Caribbean during the 15th and 16th centuries. 

Some horse breed historians also believe that the Barb horse breed originated in northern Africa during the 8th century and Abaco Barbs are often commonly confused with Arabian breeds. Due to their extreme isolation on the Great Abaco Island, their bloodlines remained relatively pure, making them an important genetic link as the first Iberian horses to reach the New World. These horses brought genetics that were present during the Golden Age of Spain at t ...

Abaco Barb  - Horses Breeds

About Abstang HorsesAbstang

Abstang horses were created by Michele Brown of Utah in 1990 by breeding an unrefined feral mustang with an Arabian thoroughbred. The Arabian horse then gave birth to what is now known as an Abstang.

Because this Abstang mixes two bloodlines, their characteristics vary considerably. Especially since Mustang horses vary greatly in physical appearance. Abstang horses have a straight profile and rounded croup. They are generally a smaller size horse. On average, they are around 14 hands tall. They come in many different colors.

Abstang horses are durable, sturdy, sure-footed horse. They have a fearless attitude, are spirited, and are tough. They are fit for endurance or rough terrain. They are often also used fo ...

Abstang  - Horses Breeds

About Abtenauer HorsesAbtenauer

Photo source: <a href= class = body target = _blank>All Horse Breeds</a> Abtenauer Horses are a rare draft horse from the Abtenau valley, south of Salzburg in Austria. They are the smallest variant of the Noriker horse. They have short heads and strong necks with an average height of 15.3 hands. The average weight of an Abtenauer horse is 1,102 pounds, lighter than most Norikers. The Abtenauer is commonly black, chestnut, or blue roan colored coat and is a coldblooded horse breed. It has a well-shaped head and strong legs, but is elegant in stature, has excellent agility and balance. This breed is especially valuable for work in the alpine mountain forests.

Abtenauer  - Horses Breeds

About Abyssinian HorsesAbyssinian

Abyssinian horses originated in Ethiopia and Eritrea, formerly known as Abyssinia. They are found today along the coastline of the Red Sea and in the Sudan. Abyssinian horses were first exported to England in 1861. The Abyssinian is on average about 13.3 hands high and has a wide variation in color and conformation. The Abyssinian’s coat is short and rough and special attention must be given to this breed to keep their coat clean and free of dirt. Because of their unique hair growth pattern, the Abyssinian can be difficult to brush. Their coat is also unique in that it has a rosette pattern. Many breeders in England have worked to improve this unusual pattern. They also have green eyes due to uncommon genes. Despite its smaller siz ...

Abyssinian  - Horses Breeds

About Adaev HorsesAdaev

Adaev, or Aedaevskaya, horses are native to the Caspian Depression of Kazakhstan and originally consisted of two sub-types of Kazakh horses, Adaev and Dzhab, or Jabe, horses. However, because Adaev horses were used extensively to improve the Jabe stock, the Adaev breed was nearly decimated. Due to an increased interest in preserving bloodlines of the breed, 27,000 Adaev horses were gathered by breeders in 1985 to restore their number. The breeders then worked toward refining the breed by mixing Kazakh blood with that of Don, Thoroughbred, Alkal-Teke, and Orlov Trotters. As a result, Adaevs are a much better riding horse today; however, they are not as well suited for the harsh environments as the Kazakh.

They stand from 13 ...

Adaev  - Horses Breeds

About Aegidienberger HorsesAegidienberger

Aegidienberger Horses are a small riding horse from Aegidienberger, Germany, and were first recognized as a breed in 1994. 

Aegidienberger Horses were developed by Walter Feldman in 1994 in response to the need for horses larger than Icelandic Horses but still small and hardy enough to navigate difficult terrain, plus they need to be well suited for the warmer climates of central Europe. Feldman created the Aegidienberger breed primarily by crossing Peruvian Paso and Icelandic horses.  

Aegidienberger horses generally stand between 13 and 15 hands high. Their colors vary considerably and can be bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne, chesnut, dun, grullo, perlino, roan, and white. They ar ...

Aegidienberger  - Horses Breeds

About Ainos HorsesAinos

Ainos Ponies are an incredibly rare breed of pony found only on the western Greek island of Kefalonia in the Gulf of Pátras. Unfortunately, tourism, poaching, and the lack of grazing land threaten them and their numbers shrink every year. 
Ainos Ponies are descendants of Pindos Ponies and they were originally used as pack animals or transport in the mountains. Today they live wild on the slopes of Mount Ainos.  

While there have been some attempts to create breeding programs for Ainos Ponies, there is very little local support.

They are on average height 11.3 - 13 hands tall. They have a large head, a short thick nexk, steep shoulders, and a compact body. Their legs and feet are strong ...

Ainos  - Horses Breeds

About Akhal-Teke HorsesAkhal-Teke

Photo:<a target = _blank class = body></a> Akhal-Teke horses originated from Turkmenistan and are best known for their intelligence, speed and endurance.

The Akhal-Teke typically stands between 14.2 and 16 hands (58 and 64 inches, 147 and 163 cm) and there are currently about 6,600 Akhal-Tekes in the world, found primarily in Turkmenistan and Russia, with some also located in Europe and North America.

The Akhal-Teke bloodline dates back thousands of years in Turkmenistan when selectively bred Akhal-Teke were used for raids and fights for the Russian Empire.

The Akhal-Teke breed has influenced many other breeds, including several Russian breeds. There has been extensive crossbreeding with the Thoroughbred to create a fast, long-distance race ...

Akhal-Teke  - Horses Breeds

About Albanian HorsesAlbanian

Photo: <a class = body target=_blank>Charles Fred</a> Albanian Horses originated in the 5th century, during the Ottoman Empire. They are a small horse (12-13 hands high) and belong to the Balkan group. Native Albanian horses came from either the Mountain or Myzeqea plains of Albania. Albanian Horses were originally thought to have been created by breeding Arabian horses with the local Albanian horses, which were likely combined with Tarpan, Turkmenian, or Mongolian stock breeds. 

Albanaian horses typically have coats of Bay, Black, Chestnut and Gray. They are high energy horses, and have a strong endurance. They are agile, sure-footed, disease resistant, and can function in difficult terrain. In the past these horses were used more for transport and riding than for a ...

Albanian  - Horses Breeds

About Altai HorsesAltai

Altai horses were developed in the Altai Mountains of Central Asia and are highly adapted to the severe climates in the region. For many centuries, they were bred for characteristics most needed by the mountain tribesmen and nomads, including strong cardiovascular, respiratory, muscular, and skeletal systems. They are best known for strong physical attributes, hearty constitutions, and the ability to adapt to harsh environments.

On average, the Altai stand 13.2 - 13.3 hands high and their coat colors range from chestnut, bay, black, gray, and sometimes leopard spotted. Their coats are somewhat coarse and they have an average length head with fleshy neck and a long and slightly dipped back. They have shorter, but properly ...

Altai  - Horses Breeds

About Alter Real HorsesAlter Real

Alter Real Horses come from Alter de Chao, a small town in the Alentejo province of Portugal. They were created in 1748 and have a heavy Andalusian influence. They are also derived from the Lusitano breed, but based on mostly Spanish mares. Alter Real Horses were designed to provide high-class horses for equestrian activities at the royal court, and in particular for the royal riding school in Lisbon.

Alter Reals have a small head, strong shoulders and a short body, an impressive high-stepping action, long pasterns and strong hocks. They are high energy, intelligent and quick to learn, beautifully elegant and impressive. They are typically 15-16 hands high and have coats colored in bay, brown, grey and occasionally chest ...

Alter Real  - Horses Breeds

About Altmärkisches Kaltblut HorsesAltmärkisches Kaltblut

Altmärkisches Kaltblut (cold blood) horses were developed in the 19th century with a foundation stock of Percheron, Belgian, and Shire horses. The result was a versatile, genial animal with a good work ethic, gaining them instant recognition. Altmärkische Kaltblut hosrse thrived until the early 20th century brought war, which took its toll on many draft breeds of Europe.

Today they are very rare, with a remaining population of 120 mares and 20 stallions keeping the gene pool alive. There is an attempt to revive the breed using Belgian stallions that fit the characteristic performance phenotype.

Altmärkisches Kaltblut horses come in all solid colors and are 15.2 to 16.1 hands high. They have a striking head w ...

Altmärkisches Kaltblut  - Horses Breeds

About Altwurttemberg HorsesAltwurttemberg

Altwurttemberg horses were developed in Germany by the Wurttemberg Prince House, but without an obligatory breed goal. About thirty horses from Normandy were used between 1872 -1888, crossing with English Thoroughbreds, Holsteins, and Oldenburgs. 

Eventually the Altwurttemberg horse was established. They are a strong and beautiful horse breed but unfortunately, they were not greatly appreciated or needed, so instead the Wurttemberg Sport Horse was developed, and was highly prized for a time.

Altwurttemberg horses are wamb looded and are found in all basic colors. They are 155 to 165 cm high.   After 1950 the Altwurttemberg was threatened with extinction; however by 1988 in Marbach, G ...

Altwurttemberg  - Horses Breeds

About American Albino HorsesAmerican Albino

America ''albino'' horses are actually not true albinos but instead they are what the American Albino Horse Club (now known as the White Horse Club) calls Dominant White. A Dominant White can be any horse, Quarter, Arabian, Standardbred, etc., that has a white coat with pink skin and dark eyes - black, brown, or blue. A true albino would, of course, have pink eyes, meaning the Dominant White actually carries off-color genes. Given the White Horse Club''s immaculate records, breeding for this particular horse has become an almost exact science. Even still, the qualification of dark eyes requires parents who carry genes for off-color coats, thereby creating a 5 percent chance that the off-spring will carry some off-color.  
< ...

American Albino  - Horses Breeds

About American Classic Shetland Pony HorsesAmerican Classic Shetland Pony

Please see our description of Shetland Ponies.

American Classic Shetland Pony  - Horses Breeds

About American Cream Draft HorsesAmerican Cream Draft

photo: <a href= class = body target = _blank>ACDHA</a> American Cream Draft Horses are the only draft horse native to the U.S.

They were developed in 1905 in Iowa during one of the greatest declines in heavy horse use in history. The American Cream Draft originated in the United States in the state of Iowa in 1905.  

American Cream Draft Horses stand on average 15.2 -16.2 hands high and are a medium-heavy draft horse. They weigh between 1600-1800 pounds and a large stallion can reach up to 2,000 pounds. They have well-muscled shoulders, a large body and a calm and quiet demeanor. They are easy to train, strong, and eager to please people. They have a cream coat, pink skin and amber colored eyes. American Cream Drafts are primarily used for driving and agricul ...

American Cream Draft  - Horses Breeds

About American Drum HorsesAmerican Drum

American Drum horses are indistinguishable from Drum (British) horses. See Drum Horse description for more detail.

American Drum  - Horses Breeds

About American Indian HorsesAmerican Indian

Photo: Chris & Kelly Hurd American Indian Horses (also known as cow ponies, buffalo horse, mustang, Indian pony, cayuse, or Spanish pony) are descended from horses brought to the Americas by Spanish conquistadors and colonists.

American Indian Horses proved to be tough and thrived on the grassy plains of the Americas.

American Indian Horse’s registry was created in 1961. The organization was started for the purpose of collecting, recording, and preserving the pedigrees of American Indian Horses.

American Indian Horses generally range in height from 13 to 16 hands (52 to 64 inches, 132 to 163 cm) and weigh between 700 to 1,000 pounds (320 to 450 kg). They may be any coat color and both pinto and leopard spotting patterns are common.

American Indian  - Horses Breeds

About American Miniature Horse HorsesAmerican Miniature Horse

Please see our description of Miniature horses.

American Miniature Horse  - Horses Breeds

About American Mustang HorsesAmerican Mustang

Photo: Please see our description of Mustang horses

American Mustang  - Horses Breeds

About American Paint HorsesAmerican Paint

American Paint Horses were developed from spotted horses with Quarter Horse and Thoroughbred bloodlines. This combined both the conformational characteristics of a western stock horse with a pinto spotting pattern.

Color patterns differentiate the American Paint Horse from other stock-type breeds. Each horse has a unique combination of white and any one of the colors of the equine rainbow: black, bay, brown, chestnut, dun, grulla, sorrel, palomino, gray or roan.

The American Paint Horse Association (APHA) breed registry is now one of the largest in North America. While American Paint Horse are known for a colorful coat pattern, the registry has strict bloodline requirements and a distinctive body type. To be eligible f ...

American Paint  - Horses Breeds

About American Quarter HorsesAmerican Quarter

American Quarter Horses are one of the oldest recognized breeds of horses in the United States. The breed originated about the 1660s as a cross between native horses of Spanish origin used by the earliest colonists and English horses imported to Virginia from about 1610. By the late 17th century, these horses were being raced successfully over quarter-mile courses in Rhode Island and Virginia, and hence received the name Quarter Horses. The Quarter Horse was bred for performance and had considerable Thoroughbred blood as well as traits of other lines. Important sires include Janus, an English Thoroughbred imported to Virginia in 1756.  

American Quarter Horses are an American breed of horse that excel at sprinting shor ...

American Quarter  - Horses Breeds

About American Saddlebred HorsesAmerican Saddlebred

American Saddlebred Horses originated from Galloway and Hobbie horses imported from Britain. These two breeds were crossed to create the Narragansett Pacer, which was crossed to the Thoroughbred in the 1700s to produce the elegant “American Horse,” used for both riding and driving. Arabian and Morgan blood was later added to create the American Saddlebred. The American Saddlebred is considered the ultimate show horse. Horses are exhibited in driving, English—most notably saddleseat—and western classes.  

  American Saddlebred horses averaging 15 to 16 hands (60 to 64 inches, 152 to 163 cm) in height. They are known for their sense of presence and style, as well as for their spirited, yet gentle, temperament. They ma ...

American Saddlebred  - Horses Breeds

About American Spotted Paso HorsesAmerican Spotted Paso

American Spotted Paso horses are the American version of the Peruvian Peso horse. One of the main goals for American breeders is to combine the smooth gaits of the Peruvian Paso horse with the colorful coat patterns of the pinto.  

They originated with a pure black Paruvian Paso stallion named Janchovilla who was bred to pinto mares. Of the resulting foals about 3/4 of them were spotted and all of them carried the Paso gait.

There are two different registries for this breed for animals with different degrees of Paso blood. However, to register with either the animal must have one purebred Paruvian Paso and exhibit the four-beat lateral gait.

American Spotted Paso  - Horses Breeds

About American Standardbred HorsesAmerican Standardbred

Please see our description of standardbred horses.

American Standardbred  - Horses Breeds

About American Thoroughbred HorsesAmerican Thoroughbred

Please see our description of Thoroughbred horses.

American Thoroughbred  - Horses Breeds

About American Walking Pony HorsesAmerican Walking Pony

American Walking Ponies were developed primarily as a show horse for gaited competition. Although they have three unique gaits, they are able to compete in seven.

They are essentially a cross between the Tennessee Walking Horse and the Welsh Pony. As a result of its Welsh pony heritage, they also make a good light hunter.

American Walking ponies are a relatively large pony-type (14 hands high). They have a a clean, smallish head on a well arched and muscled neck. Their back is short, their shoulders are slightly sloped, and their hips are well muscled.

The three gaits unique to the American Walking Pony are the Pleasure Walk, the Merry Walk, and the canter. Both the Pleasure Walk and the Merry Walk are f ...

American Walking Pony  - Horses Breeds

About American Warmblood HorsesAmerican Warmblood

Photo by Lisa Barckley American Warmblood is more of a "type" than a "breed" of horse. Like most of the European warmbloods, with the American Warmblood there is more emphasis on producing quality sport horses, rather than the preservation of any particular bloodlines. This allows for much diversity in the bloodlines of American Warmbloods. The American Warmblood has been influenced by the European warmbloods, the Thoroughbred and the Arabian, as well as some draft horse breeds.  

There are two registries in the United States which recognize American Warmbloods - the American Warmblood Society and the American Warmblood Registry, both of which are recognized by the World Breeding Federation for Sport Horses.

American Warmblood horses ...

American Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

About Amur HorsesAmur

Amur Horses are a light horse breed from Siberia of the early 19th century that is sadly now extinct.

Their bloodlines were a combination of Transbaikal (Buryat) and Tomsk heritage; they were bred primarily for riding. The Amur was a hardy and strong breed with a finer conformation than generally found in colder northern regions. The breed became extinct due to crossing with many of the other Russian breeds including Orlov Trotters, Don and Budyonny.

They had a short, thick neck, medium length back with a well-rounded croup.

Amur  - Horses Breeds

About Anadolu Pony HorsesAnadolu Pony

Anadolu Ponies, also called Transbaikal Ponies, Native Turkish Ponies or just Turks, are the most common Turkish horse breed. They are known for their speed, endurance, and robust nature.

Anadolu ponies draw on the blood of several ancient breeds, including the Arabian and Akhal-Teke, although Anadolu bloodlines are ancient in their own right.

The Turkish people have always had a need for this versatile native pony in farm work, as pack animals, and for transportation. They require little care, making them easy to own almost anywhere in the country.

They have an average height of 12.1 – 13.3 hands and are a small horse with great strength and endurance. Their head is small and can be refined – bo ...

Anadolu Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Andean HorsesAndean

Andean horses were developed in the harsh environment of the Andes Mountains (above 9,000 feet) and display characteristics reminiscent of Tibetan horses. The great altitude has created an animal with amazing lung capacity and a thick, dense coat of fur. They are considered the Peruvian national horse.

Andean horses, with their strength, great stamina, and well-developed sense of balance and agility, are capable of climbing up mountains at medium speeds with ease. In fact, they can carry a 200-pound pack up steep slopes to 16,000 feet above sea level without becoming overly tired.

They are smaller than most full-size horse breeds: they are about 12 to 13.2 hands tall (48-53 inches, 122-135 centimeters). Typical of ...

Andean  - Horses Breeds

About Andino Pony HorsesAndino Pony

Andino Ponies comes from the high peaks of the Andes in Peru. Honed by natural selection in the tough terrain they inhabit, they are a smart, robust, and surefooted.

They are descended from the horses of Spanish Conquistadors. Over the centuries natural selection has created a smaller, more compact animal well suited to the local area. They are rarely found outside of Peru.

Andino Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Andravida HorsesAndravida

Andravida (also called the Eleia, Ilia, or Greek) horses are a rare light draft breed found in the region of Ilia, Greece.

Andravidas are predominantly brown, bay, chestnut, red roan, black and occasionally grey. The head is rectangular in shape and plain with long ears and a straight profile. The chest is broad and heavy-set with thick muscles; the back is slightly dipped. Their temperament is described as willing but strong. They are of moderate height ranging between 14 to 16 hands (56 to 64 inches, 142 to 163 cm) high with the average being at around 15 hands (60 inches, 152 cm).  

The ancestors of the Andravida horses were said to be used as cavalry horses by the Athenians in the 4th century BC as well ...

Andravida  - Horses Breeds

About Anglo-Arab-Sardo HorsesAnglo-Arab-Sardo

Anglo-Arab-Sardo, or Anglo-Arab Sardinian, horses originated in Sardinia, Italy.

When the Saracens dominated the island of Sardinia, Arab stallions had been crossed with Sardinian mares of smaller size. At the beginning of the 16th century those horse were used for crosses with Andalucian stallions. In the course of the nineteenth century, thanks to the introduction of English thoroughbreds (thus, the prefix "Anglo").

Modern day Anglo-Arabo-Sardohorses are quite different from those of the past. Like the French and American Anglo-Arab horses the Sardian Anglo-Arabs have obtaining excellent results as show jumpers and as a race horse. They are a saddle horse and light draught animal with a noble bearing.

Anglo-Arab-Sardo  - Horses Breeds

About Anglo-Arabian HorsesAnglo-Arabian

Anglo-Arabian Aiglonne won Olympic Gold in three day eventing in 1948 Anglo-Arabian, or Anglo-Arab, horses ara a crossbred between Thoroughbred (thus, the prefix "Anglo") and Arabian horses. The cross can be made between a Thoroughbred stallion and an Arabian mare, or vice versa. It can also be a cross between either an Anglo-Arabian and a Thoroughbred or, alternatively, an Anglo-Arabian and an Arabian. Another permitted cross is between two Anglo-Arabians. No matter the cross, a horse must have a minimum 12.5% of Arabian blood to be considered an Anglo-Arabian.  

France is one of the largest producers of Anglo-Arabian horses. French Anglo-Arabian horses can trace their liniage back to two stallions: the Arabian stud Massoud and Aslam, a Turkish horse, probably of the now-extinct Turkoma ...

Anglo-Arabian  - Horses Breeds

About Anglo-Kabarda HorsesAnglo-Kabarda

Anglo-Kabarda Horses are russian horsese that were developed by the cross between Kabarda and Thoroughbred horses in the 1920s and 1930s. The goal was to produce a horse that was larger and faster than the native Kabarda, but adapted to the climate of the northern Caucasus region of Russia and able to maneuver in mountainous terrain.

They have a Kabarda head with Roman nose profile, straight back, long legs, and well-developed joints.

Anglo-Kabarda Horses may have between 25 percent to 75 percent Thoroughbred blood. They are divided into three different types: "basic," "oriental" and "massive." Horses belonging to the basic type are of medium size with a well-shaped head and are well muscled; those of the orie ...

Anglo-Kabarda  - Horses Breeds

About Anglo-Karachai HorsesAnglo-Karachai

Anglo-Karachai horses are a variety of Kabarda horse that are bred specifically in the Karachai republic, Russia. They tend to be of the most robust type of Kabardas horse and split off as their own breed during the 1960''s. The introduction of Thoroughbred blood was what created the Anglo-Karachai horse.  

They were originated by crossing English, German, and French Thoroughbreds with local Karachai horses. The breeding unofficially started in the early 1870''s, but it wasn’t until the mid 20th century before the breed took hold.  

Anglo-Karachai horses are 15.2 – 16 hands high. They have a slight ram’s head facial profile. They have a straight line back, well-muscled loin, a lovely sloped croup with a ...

Anglo-Karachai  - Horses Breeds

About Appaloosa HorsesAppaloosa

Appaloosa horses are known for their colorful leopard-spotted coat pattern. They have a wide range of body types, stemming from the influence of multiple breeds of horses throughout its history. Each horse''s color pattern is genetically the result of various spotting patterns overlaid on top of one of several recognized base coat colors.  

The Nez Perce people of modern day Oregon and Washington, US, developed the Appaloosa breed. Appaloosas were once referred to by settlers as the "Palouse horse", possibly after the Palouse River, which ran through the heart of Nez Perce country. Gradually, the name evolved into "Appaloosa".  

The Nez Perce lost most of their horses after the Nez Perce War in 1877, and ...

Appaloosa  - Horses Breeds

About Appaloosa Sport HorsesAppaloosa Sport

Appaloosa Sport Horses were created in the USA with the intention of creating a European-style sport horse with appaloosa coloring. They are strong, willing, tenacious and tough team player  

This cross was achieved by crossing Appaloosa coloring with the athletic qualities of the Trekehners. The result is a beautifully-colored animal, larger and with finer lines than the original appaloosa.  

Their head is erect and attractive. They display characteristic white sclera and a speckled mouth. Their neck is long and well-arched. Their shoulder is oblique and withers high. Their back is long with rounded croup. They have muscular hindquarters with elegant and strong legs.

Appaloosa Sport  - Horses Breeds

About Appendix Quarter HorsesAppendix Quarter

Appendix Quarter Horses are the first generation cross between a registered Thoroughbred and an American Quarter Horse. They are registered as appendix but not initially eligible for a full AQHA registration.  

The cross began in Texas and quickly took hold when the horse racing industry brought Thoroughbred bloodlines into the Quarter Horse Association. Initially they were met with resistance by board members, but they relented to the cross with Thoroughbreds that held Quarter Horse type characteristics.

Through the years and selective breeding the resulting cross is a larger animal (15 – 17 hands), with more refined features. They are found in black, chestnut, grey, bay, dun, roan, palomino, and buckskin ...

Appendix Quarter  - Horses Breeds

About AraAppaloosa HorsesAraAppaloosa

AraAppaloosa horses are a refined version of Appaloosa in many ways. The main registry for the Appaloosa horses was established in an effort to protect and develop the Appaloosa. Because of claims of similar ancient origins, the registry allowed the Appaloosa to be crossed with pureblooded Arabians. The AraAppaloosa of today is said to be a re-establishment or preservation of the best examples of the Appaloosa breed found, namely, in early American Indian tribes.  

AraAppaloosa horses are known primarily by their coat; which needs to be one of the basic Appaloosa color patterns. They are between 14 and 15 hands high and have the same general conformation of the Arab: refined head, stamina, and elegance.  


AraAppaloosa  - Horses Breeds

About Arabian HorsesArabian

Photo by Mayhem Farm The Arabian''s conformation and type have been selectively bred for longer than any other breed of horse.

The Bedouins of the Arabian desert were dependent for survival on their Arabian horses. While they valued the beauty of their horses, they were equally adamant that their horses were strong, with deep chests, straight legs, large joints and good lungs to carry them across large stretches of their desert homeland. Historical figures like Genghis Khan, Napoleon, Alexander The Great and George Washington rode Arabians.

The prophet Mohammed, in the seventh century AD, was instrumental in spreading the Arabian''s influence around the world. He instructed his followers to look after Arabians and treat them with ...

Arabian  - Horses Breeds

About Arabo-Friesian HorsesArabo-Friesian

image: <a href= class = body target = _blank></a> Arabo-Friesian horses are known for their excellent disposition as well as endurance and toughness. They are willing to please and work, are obedient, and are known for their excellent movement characteristics.

Arabo-Friesians are a cross between Friesians and Arabians, and they are a relatively new breed. During the Spanish invasion of the Netherlands in the 16th and 17th centuries Arabian blood was first introduced to the Friesian which resulted in a very athletic horse. In the 1960’s breeders introduced additional Arabian in order to enhance strength and endurance. The result is a horse with the good looks and behavior of the Friesian with the robustness of the Arabian.  

Arabo-Friesian horses generally stand ...

Arabo-Friesian  - Horses Breeds

About Araboulonnais HorsesAraboulonnais

Araboulonnais horses are a relatively new French breed developed by crossing of Arabians to large, robust Boulonnais horses.

The origin of the Araboulonnais began late in the 20th century. It was thought that the beauty and pep of Arabians would blend wonderfully with the gentleness and soundness of the large Boulonnais. The resulting cross was an animal that was more refined than the Boulonnais but much larger and heavier than the Arabian. They were created for riding or trekking and they prove to be energetic, athletic mounts with a tendency to be resistant to disease.

They average 15.2 – 15.7 hands high. Generally they are grey.  They are gentle, Intelligent, and tough.

Araboulonnais  - Horses Breeds

About Aralusion HorsesAralusion

Aralusion, also called the Hispano-Arab, horse is a relatively new breed achieved by crossing the high energy Arabians with the noble Andalusians in equal parts. These are two of the older and most acclaimed breeds on the planet, so their cross is a logical one. The resulting animal is beautiful with high action, notable athletic ability, and fine confirmation.

Aralusians are animated and spirited with the strong Arabian motion and drive and the presence and determination of Andalusian horses.

Aralusion  - Horses Breeds

About Ardahan HorsesArdahan

Ardahan (also known as Malakin) horses are the only heavy breed of horse native to Turkey. They are a between Ardennes, Percheron, Shire, Clydesdale, Orlov horse with native Russian horses. About 150 years ago they were brought to the eastern parts of Turkey by immigrant Turks from the Caucasus. When they reached eastern Turkey, the resulting crosses were then crossed with Anadolu horses.  

They have a short muscular neck, stand at around 13-14 hands, and are generally black or gray. They are a willing working horse and mostly used for draft work or farm animal.

Ardahan  - Horses Breeds

About Ardennes HorsesArdennes

Ardennes, or Ardennais, horses are a multi-talented horse commonly used in endurance riding, general riding, and work activities. They are one of the oldest breeds of draft horse, and originate from the Ardennes area in Belgium, Luxembourg, and France.

Their history reaches back to Ancient Rome, and throughout the years blood from several other breeds has been added to the Ardennes, although only the Belgian breed had any significant impact. They are a direct descendant of the pre-historic horses whose remains were found at Solutre; primitive features such as the skeletal formation of the head, with its distinctive, squared-off nose, are still evident in the modern breed. Ardennais horses were known to both Julius Caesa ...

Ardennes  - Horses Breeds

About Arenberg-Nordkirchen HorsesArenberg-Nordkirchen

Arenberg-Nordkirchen are small riding horses from north-west Germany. They can be black, chestnut, bay, or gray, and are used for sport/hobby horses (general riding and jumping).

Germany does not have a long tradition of small horse breeding; the only native small horse is the Dülmener. From the early twentieth century ponies and small horses were imported, mostly from Great Britain, and some private individuals started breeding from them. Arenberg-Nordkirchen horses were started in 1923 by the then Duke of Arenberg as a semi-feral herd on his estates in Nordkirchen, near Münster in Westphalia. They were based on Dülmener horses, from which he intended to create a small and elegant riding horse. His stock was small, wit ...

Arenberg-Nordkirchen  - Horses Breeds

About Argentine Anglo HorsesArgentine Anglo

Argentine Anglo horses are from Argentina. They are well known for their use in equestrian sports. They are lightweight horses that exhibit a refined appearance and excellent performance capabilities. They are also energetic, intelligent, and obedient.

In the 1960s Argentine Anglo horses were developed by crossing English Thoroughbred stallions with Argentine Criollo mares to produce the lightweight polo horses with great fitness and agility.

Argentine Anglos are medium sized, have expressive heads, long necks, inclined shoulders, an long and elastic back with a muscular croup; solid legs, strong bones and joints; plus small, hard hooves. They are generally gray, bay, or sorrel and are around 15 hands tall.

Argentine Anglo  - Horses Breeds

About Argentine Criollo HorsesArgentine Criollo

Image from Luciodec Born and bred in the sprawling plains of Argentina, the Argentine Criollo isn''t just a horse breed; it''s a symbol of resilience and tradition woven into the South American fabric. These compact, muscular horses, known for their intelligence and versatility, have been instrumental in shaping Argentinian history and culture.

Standing at an average of 14.2 hands, the Criollo prioritizes agility and endurance over sheer size. Their well-developed musculature ensures strength and stamina, allowing them to navigate challenging terrain with ease. Coats range from bay and chestnut to dun and gray, often adorned with distinctive markings on the head and legs. Expressive eyes and small, mobile ears grace their straight or convex profiles ...

Argentine Criollo  - Horses Breeds

About Argentine Polo Ponies HorsesArgentine Polo Ponies

Although the Argentine Polo Ponies are not considered a breed, Argentina is recognized the world over for their fine polo horses, a cross between Thoroughbred and Criollo blood.  

They are bred to be quick, strong, agile, and to handle the rigorous life of a polo horse with ease. Combining the speed and grace of the Thoroughbred with the tireless work ethic of the Criollo creates horses that look forward to and thrives on hard work.  

The Association of Poly Pony Breeders was founded in 1984 in an attempt to preserve bloodlines. Breeding is controlled closely by Argentine breeders and only proven horses are bred to retain their good qualities. They are bred to retain their type rather than to preserve p ...

Argentine Polo Ponies  - Horses Breeds

About Argentinian Modeponies HorsesArgentinian Modeponies

Argentinian Modeponies (also known as Bergmann Ponies and Argentinian Fashion Ponies) have the same foundation as Argentinian Falabella horses and are bred for beauty and intelligence. However they are more refined and larger than Falabellas. While most are found in Argentina, small populations can be found in the Netherlands and France.

On average they are 6.8 – 7.8 hands tall. They are tough and durable. Their head is large and straight. They come in all colors. They tend to be calm and friendly and are mostly used as Pit ponies or Pets.

Argentinian Modeponies  - Horses Breeds

About Ariègeois Pony HorsesAriègeois Pony

Ariègeois Ponies, also known as Merens ponies, are a pure-black rare mountain pony native to the Pyrenees and Ariègeois mountains of Northern Spain and Southern France. Thought to be of prehistoric ancestory, these ponies were originally domesticated for use in mines and hauling timber. These handy ponies were also indispensable to the mountain farmers of the area and valued as hardy war mounts.

They are robust, kind, and easy to care for. Physically they are very similar to Dales ponies or Friesian horses. It is believed that during the Muslim invasion local stock was also enhanced by Arabian blood.

Ariègeois breeders generally raised their animals by allowing them to graze freely in herds. Foals are born in the spri ...

Ariègeois Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Arravani HorsesArravani

Arravani horses are from Greece and are in danger of extinction; there are only about 200-300 of them left in the world today.  

Arravani horses are influenced by Egyptian Arabians, Medern, Greek Thessaliern, Roman horses, and Turkish Arabian bloodlines. They are personable and comfortable to ride.  

For thousands of years they were used as agriculture workers by local farmers and for transporting loads over stony mountain paths. The introduction of motorized vehicles saw a decline in their use that much of the stock was sold off as meat to Italian suppliers.

Arravani  - Horses Breeds

About Asiatic Wild HorsesAsiatic Wild

Asiatic Wild (also known as Przewaslki’s, Takhi, and Mongolian wild) horsesare a rare and endangered subspecies of wild horse native to the Steppes of central Asia. Most wild horses, such as Mustangs or Australian brumbies, are descended from domesticated animals; however, Asiatic Wild horses have never been domesticated and are the only known truly wild horse in the world.

Organizations from around the world have successfully bred and re-introduced these horses into their natural Mongolian habitat as well as the Chernobyl area. The total number by the early 1990’s was over 1,500.  

Asiatic Wild horses are a stockier build than the domesticated mongolian horses but with shorter legs and a heavy built neck. ...

Asiatic Wild  - Horses Breeds

About Asil HorsesAsil

Asils are Arabian horses from the Asil region in Khuzestan. Rock carvings of horses have been found in the area that date back 5,000 years. Like many different types of Arabians, strains were developed by different families and breeders. They are raised for racing, transportation, and pleasure.  

Asil horses have an average height of about 14.3 hands and are built for speed and stamina; they are quick and efficient. Their traditional colors are chestnut, gray, or bay. They are Spirited, intelligent, and bold.

Asil  - Horses Breeds

About Astrikan HorsesAstrikan

Astrikan (also known as Kalmykskaya, Kalmyk, or Kustenair) horses are members of the Mongolian equine group.They are bred in the territory along the Volga and Ural rivers and are in danger of becoming extinct. They were brought by the Kalmyk people came to Russia from Dzungaria in the 17th century. They were described as plain, medium-sized horses that are very tough and possess speedy gaits. They look similar to Kirgiz horses, but tend to be coarser with longer legs.  

Selective breeding of these animals ended around 1943 and many crosses have modified the bloodlines considerably. In 1986 the local University of Cattle Breeding attempted to determine their numbers and located an isolated heard in the eastern regions ...

Astrikan  - Horses Breeds

About Asturcón HorsesAsturcón

Asturcón, also known as Asturian, Horses are a pony from the Asturias region of northern Spain. They are an ancient breed and their ancestry is not known, although most likely they are a cross between Sorraia, Garrano, and ancient Celtic ponies. They are usually brown or black, with minimal white markings. They stand between 11.2 and 12.2 hands (46 and 50 inches, 117 and 127 cm).

Asturcón ponies have a naturally ambling gait that is comfortable for the rider. As a result, a large portion of their population was taken to Ireland to produce the Irish Hobby.

These ponies are hardy and resourceful, and able to survive in the harshest areas. They are obedient and easily domesticated, and are used for riding, drivin ...

Asturcón  - Horses Breeds

About Augeron HorsesAugeron

Augeron Horses were developed in Pays d’Auge ( an area in Normandy France). They are also known Caen or Virois horses and they were developed from the Percheron breed sometime around the 19th century.

In 1904, Augeron horses were sold in Argences and Bayeux of Lower Normandy. People bought them for their homogeneity, beauty and high value.

The Société hippique du trait augeron, or Augeron Horse Society, was formed in 1913 by breeders in Auge to record these horses in a breed registry. The society wanted to preserve the breed and make it distinct from its ancestors, the Percheron.

They are light gray; tall, strong, well-built; and energetic. They are 158–170 cm (15.2–16.3 hands) tall.

Augeron  - Horses Breeds

About Australian Draught HorsesAustralian Draught

By Cgoodwin - Own work CC BY-SA 3.0 Australian Draught Horses was developed from the crossbreeding of four recognized pure draught horse breeds which were in Australia since the colonial days: Clydesdale, Percheron, Shire, Suffolk Punch. The result is a hardy, strong draught horse with a good temperament.

The roots of the Australian Draught Horse date back to the c.1854 importation of stallions and mares of various English and Flemish cart breeds to Australia. Van Diemen''s Land (now Tasmania) was at the forefront of breeding cart and farm horses with the part played by the Van Diemen’s Land Company. This company also imported Shire Horses which were later imported to Western Australia and South Australia in the late 1830s.

Bullocks did most of the heavy ...

Australian Draught  - Horses Breeds

About Australian Ponies HorsesAustralian Ponies

Ponies were first introduced to Australia in 1803. By 1920, a distinct type had emerged there. A stud book was opened nine years later detailing the standards of conformation for the pony. The basic stock for the Australian Pony is the Welsh Mountain Pony of Type A. Shetlands were introduced to give solid constitution and strength. Thoroughbred, Arab, and Hackney were later introduced.  

Australian Ponies have a show quality head: slightly concave with alert ears and dark eyes. Their neck is nicely rounded, their shoulders slope back and their hindquarters are well-rounded and proportioned. Their tail is set high and gaily carried, their leg bones are flat showing strength. They stand between 12 and 14 hands high. ...

Australian Ponies  - Horses Breeds

About Australian Stockhorse HorsesAustralian Stockhorse

Photo supplied by the Australian Stock Horse Society Ltd - NSW © The Ancestors of the Australian Stock Horse were imported in small numbers at the end of the 18th century from South Africa and are believed to be of Arabian and Barb descent. Eventually more horses where imported from England; mainly Thoroughbred and Arabian horses that were tough enough for the rough Australian conditions.

Thoroughbreds became very popular at the beginning of the 19th century for horse racing. The horses that developed had a good temperament, were tough and reliable, and able to work under saddle and in harness. They were used to clear timber, plough the land and herd sheep and cattle. These horses were known as Walers (named after New South Wales). Walers were sought after by the cavalry due to their ...

Australian Stockhorse  - Horses Breeds

About Austrian Warmblood HorsesAustrian Warmblood

Austrian Warmblood horses are, unsurprisingly, warmblooded horses from Austria. They are the result of combining of multiple excellent horse breeds.  

The Austro-Hungarian Empire was known for its horse breeding programs which were based on a number of imperial stud farms. The role of these farms was to produce farm horses for the citizens, riding and carriage horses for the nobility, cavalry mounts and artillery horses for the military.  

Although the former empire is also famed for producing the Kladruber and Lipizzaner, prominent among these stud farms were those located at Mezohegyes and Bábolna. The former was founded in 1785, the latter was purchased by the government in 1789, and both are located i ...

Austrian Warmblood  - Horses Breeds

About Autre Que Pur Sang HorsesAutre Que Pur Sang

Autre Que Pur Sang horse (AQPS) loosely translates to ‘other-than pure blood’ and is a classification used for race horses in France that are not of pure English Thoroughbred lineage. They must have 75% English Thoroughbred and less than 5% Arabian blood to participate. The rest of the bloodlines can be a mix of regional French saddle horses (like French Saddle Horse and Anglo-Arabian). These horses are run both on flat tracks and in steeplechase races. This mix is not as swift as the English Thoroughbred, although they prove to be sturdier and to possess more endurance. They often excel in obstacle races and longer distances against an open field.  

AQPS racing horses were developed around the end of the 19th centur ...

Autre Que Pur Sang  - Horses Breeds

About Auvergne HorsesAuvergne

Auvergne horses (Cheval d’Auvergne) are robust and hardy light draft horse from the Auvergne region of south central France. They are used mainly for trekking.  

They have been crossbred several times throughout history, with several distinct breeds sharing the name "Auvergne horse". A small riding horse known as the "half-blood of Auvergne" was primarily ridden by the cavalry at the beginning of the 19th century, but has since disappeared. Other work horses of Auvergne were used as a means of transportation before the advent of modern roads. The work horse was crossbred to become a light draught horse and subsequent ancestor of the modern Auvergne horse. It was used for varying field work by the inhabitants of the re ...

Auvergne  - Horses Breeds

About Auxois HorsesAuxois

Auxois horses are closely related to Ardennes horse and have been bred specifically for immense size since the start of the 20th century.  

Their origins are uncertain, although some sources say that their ancestors were Burgandy horses, a heavy breed ridden by knights of the middle ages. Breeding of the modern Auxois began in the 19th century in the Cote d’Or and Yonne regions of France. The foundation horses were Percheron, Ardennes, Boulonnais, and Northern Ardennais.  

Auxois horses are one of the rarest French draft breeds in the world. After World War II, with mechanization on the rise, the number of Auxois horses declined significantly. In fact their numbers became so low that purebred Ardennais ...

Auxois  - Horses Breeds

About Avelignese HorsesAvelignese

Avelignese are heavy horses found throughout Italy. They are beautiful and hardy enough to handle most any challenge.  

Avelignese horses are one of the few breeds referred to as surefooted styles. These surefooted horses can endure traveling through the desert and in extreme temperatures without any issues. They can be utilized for equestrian vaulting and also for therapeutic riding purposes as well. They have been bred with a unique format so that you know which horse came from where. For example, if the horse is from Austria, they will bode a brand that is just the letter “H”, whereas the ones from Italy will bode an “HI”.  

Avelignese horses are calm enough to be utilized as a riding horse for childre ...

Avelignese  - Horses Breeds

About Azerbaijan HorsesAzerbaijan

Azerbaijan horses are a mountain-steppe racing and riding horse named after the geographic region where the horse was originally developed: Azerbaijan in the Caucasus. They have long been native to the area and are well adapted to herd life.

They were developed as a saddle-pack horse and favored as a war horse due to their robust character. Over the years they have been enhanced with both Arabian and Tersk horses.

They are known for an unstable temperament (due to largely wild herding instincts) and a natural pacing gait. The average speed by running of Azerbaijan horse is 1600 metres in 2 minute, 66 seconds

Azerbaijan  - Horses Breeds

About Azores Pony HorsesAzores Pony

Azores Ponies are from the Azores islands, Portugal. They have a wedge-shaped head and a straight or slightly rammed profile, with a wide forehead and a small mouth section. Their neck is strong and goes into a long shoulder. Their chest is deep, but narrow. Their hindquarters are somewhat poor. They generally are brown.

  Azores ponies are wiry, noble horses with a fiery temperament. They are used in agriculture, but they are also used as children''s ponies.   Azores ponies are very similar to Balearic ponies. Azores ponies are a very rare breed, whose origin is not fully understood. It is assumed that horses or ponies from Morocco were imported into the 19th century, and that these took a not unimportant in ...

Azores Pony  - Horses Breeds

About Azteca HorsesAzteca

Azteca horses are medium-sized, light riding horse. They arernan extension of the Spanish horse. Although a majority of the horses in Mexicornare still of direct Spanish stock, the Azteca has become very popular in thernfew years that it has been an established breed.

Standing 14.3 to 15 hands high, the Azteca is of standardrnwarmblood conformation.They have a fine, dry head with straight or subconvexrnprofile, small ears, and beautiful eyes. They have a well-placed, beautifullyrncurved and heavily muscled neck. They have long, sloping shoulders and a moderatelyrnpronounced instep. They have a short, strong back and a long, slightly fallingrncroup. They are found in all solid colors except piebald and tigers.

 At the beginnin ...

Azteca  - Horses Breeds

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