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Horses Breeds

Abaco Barb
Abtenauer
Abyssinian
Aegidienberger
Akhal-Teke
Albanian
Altai
Alter Real
American Cream Draft
American Indian
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American Quarter
American Saddlebred
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Andravida
Anglo-Arabian
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Anglo-Kabarda
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Arenberg-Nordkirchen
Argentine Criollo
Asturcon
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Austrian Warmblood
Auvergne
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Azerbaijan
Azteca
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Banker
Barb
Bardigiano
Bashkir Curly, see Curly
Basque Mountain
Bavarian Warmblood
Belgian
Belgian Warmblood
Black Forest
Blazer
Boulonnais
Brabant
Brandenburger
Brazilian Sport
Breton
Brumby
Budyonny
Burguete
Byelorussian Harness
Calabrese
Camargue
Camarillo White
Campolina
Canadian
Canadian Pacer
Carolina Marsh Tacky
Carthusian
Caspian
Castilian
Castillonnais
Catria
Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale
Chickasaw
Chilean (Chilean Corralero)
Choctaw
Cleveland Bay
Clydesdale
Coldblood trotter
Colonial Spanish
Colorado Ranger
Comtois
Connemara Pony
Costa Rican Saddle
Cretan
Criollo
Cuban Criollo
Cumberland Island
Curly
Czech warm blood
Daliboz
Danish Warmblood
Danube Delta
Dolahest
Dole Gudbrandsdal
Don
Draft Trotter
Dutch harness
Dutch Heavy Draft
Dutch Warmblood
East Bulgarian
East Friesian
Esperia Pony
Estonian
Estonian Draft
Falabella
Faroese
Finnhorse
Fjord
Fleuve
Florida Cracker
Fouta
Frederiksborg
Freiberger
French Trotter
Friesian
Friesian cross
Friesian Sporthorse
Furioso-North Star
Galiceno
Galician Pony
Gelderland
Georgian Grande
German Warmblood
Giara
Gidran
Groningen
Gypsy Vanner
Hackney
Haflinger
Hanoverian
Heavy Draft
Heck
Heihe
Hirzai
Hispano-Arabe
Hispano-Breton
Holsteiner
Hungarian Warmblood
Icelandic
Indian Half-Bred
Iomud
Irish Draught
Irish Sport
Irish Warmblood
Italian Heavy Draft
Italian Saddle
Italian TPR Agricultural
Italian Trotter
Jaca Navarra
Jutland
Kabarda
Kaimanawa
Karabair
Karabakh
Karossier
Kathiawari
Kazakh
Kentucky Mountain Saddle
Kiger Mustang
Kinsky
Kisber Felver
Kladruber
Knabstrupper
Konik
Kustanair
Latvian
Lipizzan
Lithuanian Heavy Draught
Lokai
Losino
Lusitano
Lyngshest
M'Bayar
Mallorquín
Malopolski
Mangalarga
Mangalarga Marchador
Maremmano
Marismeno
Marsh Tacky
Marwari
Mecklenburger
Menorquín
Mérens
Messara
Metis Trotter
Mezohegyesi sport-horse (sportlo)
Miniature
Misaki
Missouri Fox Trotter
Monchina
Mongolian
Monterufolino
Morab
Morgan
Moyle
Murakoz
Murgese
Mustang
Namib Desert
Nangchen
Napoletano
National Show
Nez Perce
Nivernais
Nokota
Noma
Nonius
Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest
Noriker
Norman Cob
Norsk Kaldblodstraver (Norwegian coldblood trotter)
North Swedish
Norwegian Fjord
Novokirghiz
Oberlander
Oldenburg
Orlov trotter
Ostfriesen
Paint
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Paso Fino
Pentro
Percheron
Persano
Peruvian Paso
Pintabian
Pleven
Poitevin (Mulassier)
Pottok
Pryor Mountain Mustang
Przewalski's
Purosangue Orientale
Qatgani
Quarab
Quarter
Racking
Retuerta
Rhenish-German Cold-Blood ( Rhineland)
Rhinelander
Riwoche
Rocky Mountain
Romanian Sporthorse
Rottaler
Russian Don
Russian Heavy Draft
Saddlebred
Salerno
Samolaco
San Fratello
Sarcidano
Sardinian Anglo-Arab
Schleswig
Sella Italiano
Selle Français
Shagya Arabian
Shetland Ponies
Shire
Siciliano indigeno
Silesian
Sokolsky
Sorraia
Soviet Heavy Draft
Spanish Barb
Spanish Jennet, modern
Spanish Mustang
Spanish Tarpan
Spanish-Norman
Spotted Saddle
Standardbred
Suffolk Punch
Sugarbush Draft
Svensk Kallblodstravare (Swedish coldblood trotter)
Swedish Ardennes
Swedish Warmblood
Swiss Warmblood
Taishuh
Tawleed
Tchernomor
Tennessee Walking
Tersk
Thoroughbred
Tiger
Timor Ponies
Tinker
Tolfetano
Tori
Trait Du Nord
Trakehner
Tuigpaard
Ukrainian Riding
Unmol
Uzunyayla
Ventasso (Cavallo Del Ventasso)
Virginia highlander
Vlaamperd
Vladimir Heavy Draft
Vyatka
Waler
Waler
Walkaloosa
Warlander
Warmblood
Welsh Cob
Westphalian
Wielkopolski
Württemberger
Xilingol
Yakutian
Yili
Yonaguni
Zemaitukas
Zhemaichu
Zweibrücker

About Andalusian HorsesAbout Andalusian Horses

The modern day Pure Spanish Horse is derived from very ancient horses whose body shapes are depicted in cave drawings from at least 5000 BC in both north-eastern and southern regions of Spain. Eventually predominating in the southern province of Andalucía, they became known as Andalusian horses. However, the authorities of the Spanish stud book now prefer them to be known as Pura Raza Española (P.R.E.) or Pure Spanish Horse. There are about 45,000 world-wide.

Andalusian horses are a very beautiful aristocratic horse, with a lovely arched neck held uprightly on a strong, compact body. The cannons (lower legs) are short and sturdy. It has a long thick mane and tail, and the predominantly grey or bay coat has a natural glistening sheen to it. The height varies from 15 to 17 hands (152 to 173 centimeters).

They have a lovely rocking canter and such stamina that its forbears were reputed to be able to carry a fully armored Spanish soldier for 40 miles (64 kilometers) in a day. Rounded (collected) leg action, a natural athleticism and high intelligence make them able to master high school dressage movements easily. For this reason they are also known as “The Dancing Horses”. Powerful hindquarters and natural balance make them very good and stylish show jumpers too. Their versatility, strength and responsiveness lends to their ability at many riding and harness driving disciplines including Western riding, trail riding, bull fighting, making movies, and plain old hacking!

Andalusians were in the company of Hannibal and his elephants, and ridden as cavalry horses since the time of the ancient Greeks, but lost favor during the Middle Ages because heavily armored knights required much larger, more solid horses for battle. With the invention of firearms in the 1500s, the fortunes of the Andalusian horses turned and they were once again used in the military. By royal decree of King Felipe II the horse was standardized between 1567-1593 and bred selectively to his ideal represented by the horse of today.

With its regal bearing and sociable, kind, and respectful temperament this horse was a favorite of European royalty and it became known as “The Horse of Kings”. Many art forms show them being ridden by famous people – the greatness of the rider being accentuated by the stunning presence of the mount! However, with less ostentatious display from royal houses during the 1800s Andalusian horses numbers began to fall.

Andalusian horses are a contributor to many other modern breeds in both the Old and New Worlds. They were taken along with other breeds by the Spanish Conquistadores to the Americas from the early 1490s. As the Conquistadores were mainly from Andalucía, the breeds transported were from there as well, and included the Spanish Jennet (a gaited horse) and the Barb. The mixing of these horses developed into many new breeds within varying geographical areas of the New World. The following are but a few breeds descended from Spanish horse stock: the Criollo of Argentina, Peruvian Paso, Paso Fino of Puerto Rico and Colombia, Mustang (Spanish Colonial Horse) of the American mid and western areas, Native American Appaloosa and the Quarter Horse. In the Old World, in 1580 they became the foundation of the Lipizzaner, and at least since the 1600s they were used in the development of the Hanoverian, Holsteiner, Kladruber, Lusitano, Alter Real, Friesians, Oldenburg – and the English Thoroughbred!

Source: New Zealand Rare Breeds (www.rarebreeds.co.nz )

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