About Tuffled Ghigi Chickens
The creation of
this breed with its varieties is owed to the talent and scientific accuracy of
Professor Alessandro Ghigi. During the decade 1920-1930, when he was Director
of the Stazione Sperimentale di Pollicoltura in Rovigo, Professor Ghigi studied
the hereditary behaviour of certain opposite characters such as the cerebral or
cranial hernia in Padua's - which implies the growth of a large crest - in
concomitance with the peculiar shape of comb and nostrils. The hereditary
behaviour of these features was researched and compared to the transmission of
the corresponding characters in common chicken breeds. Professor Ghigi was
furthermore interested in the genetic information concerning weight and size in
such specimens (Arduin M., 1991).
The first strain
he created was the black one, by means of crossing Bantams with crested Paduas
and subsequently selecting small-sized specimens with a large crest. The
selection brought a strain with beard and muffling, and one without these
characters. Both sexes were green-shaded black, with primitive comb, well
visible white earlobes, slate-blue shanks; weight between 500 and 550 grams,
with a strong tendency to hatch and raise their offspring. These animals
strongly resembled the Bantam type.
The next step was
the creation of the white strain by means of white Paduas, to be followed by
the “Ancona” (mottled) strain by crossing the white and black ones, and finally
the “Dorata” (Gold-laced) and “Argento” (Silver-laced) types by means of
crossing tuffled chickens with Sebrights (Brunoli A., 1972).
Ciuffina Ghigi has become totally extinct. Besides, the existence of Paduas in
a miniature version makes it unnecessary to retrieve the Ciuffina, since the
two breeds would objectively display several similarities.
Ciuffina Ghigi is still a noticeable example of an ornamental breed, and
repeatedly conferred Professor Ghigi international recognition and
The wings are
sloping to the ground. The feathers of the tail are well developed. Earlobes
are big and white. A crest of feathers on the head is typical. There are two
different varieties: bearded and not bearded. Mean weight: 0.5-0.55 kg.
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